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Ultrasound and nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443031/ultrasound-cyclo-plasty-in-eyes-with-glaucoma
#1
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Stefano Sebastiani, Emilio C Campos
Glaucoma is a chronic disease caused by the progressive degeneration of the optical nerve fibers, resulting in decreased visual field that can lead to severe visual impairment, and eventually blindness. This manuscript describes a simple, surgeon-friendly, non-incisional technique, named Ultrasound Cyclo Plasty (UCP), for reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma patients. The technique determines a selective coagulation necrosis of the ciliary body; in addition, the stimulation of supra-choroidal and trans-scleral portions of the uveo-scleral outflow pathway has been recently proposed...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439307/ultrasound-combined-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-ultratens-versus-phonophoresis-of-piroxicam-php-in-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#2
Jariya Boonhong, Phitsanu Suntornpiyapan
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound combined with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (UltraTENS) and phonophoresis of piroxicam (PhP) are combined modality therapy that frequently used in musculoskeletal pain including knee osteoarthritis (OA). But it is lack of a good clinical trial to prove and compare their effects. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of UltraTENS with PhP on mild to moderate degree of symptomatic knee OA. METHODS: Sixty-one patients (55 women), mean age of 63...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438332/diaphragmatic-palsy
#3
REVIEW
Laxmi Kokatnur, Mohan Rudrappa
The diaphragm is the primary muscle of respiration, and its weakness can lead to respiratory failure. Diaphragmatic palsy can be caused by various causes. Injury to the phrenic nerve during thoracic surgeries is the most common cause for diaphragmatic palsy. Depending on the cause, the symptoms of diaphragmatic palsies vary from completely asymptomatic to disabling dyspnea requiring mechanical ventilation. On pulmonary function tests, there will be a decrease in the maximum respiratory muscle power. Spirometry shows reduced lung functions and a significant drop of lung function in supine position is typical of diaphragmatic palsy...
February 13, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437060/degenerative-subtalar-joints-complicated-by-medial-plantar-intraneural-cysts-cutting-the-cystic-articular-branch-prevents-recurrence
#4
P Laumonerie, F Lapègue, N Reina, M Tibbo, M Rongières, M Faruch, P Mansat
AIMS: The pathogenesis of intraneural ganglion cysts is controversial. Recent reports in the literature described medial plantar intraneural ganglion cysts (mIGC) with articular branches to subtalar joints. The aim of the current study was to provide further support for the principles underlying the articular theory, and to explain the successes and failures of treatment of mICGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2017, five patients with five mICGs were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435815/nerve-ultrasound-predicts-treatment-response-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-a-prospective-follow-up
#5
Florian Härtig, Marlene Ross, Nele Maria Dammeier, Nadin Fedtke, Bianka Heiling, Hubertus Axer, Bernhard F Décard, Eva Auffenberg, Marilin Koch, Tim W Rattay, Markus Krumbholz, Antje Bornemann, Holger Lerche, Natalie Winter, Alexander Grimm
As reliable biomarkers of disease activity are lacking, monitoring of therapeutic response in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) remains a challenge. We sought to determine whether nerve ultrasound and electrophysiology scoring could close this gap. In CIDP patients (fulfilling EFNS/PNS criteria), we performed high-resolution nerve ultrasound to determine ultrasound pattern sum scores (UPSS) and predominant echotexture nerve conduction study scores (NCSS) as well as Medical Research Council sum scores (MRCSS) and inflammatory neuropathy cause and treatment disability scores (INCAT) at baseline and after 12 months of standard treatment...
February 12, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435677/ultrasound-assessment-of-visual-loss-during-severe-preeclampsia-a-case-report
#6
Fehmi Ferhi, Abdeljalil Khlifi, Feten Hachani, Khalil Tarmiz, Khaled Benjazia
Bilateral retinal detachments and cortical blindness are rare complications of preeclampsia and the association of the two pathologies is exceptional. We report the case of a preeclamptic patient who presented with an acute bilateral vision loss. Besides, her ocular ultrasound revealed bilateral retinal detachments and an elevated optic nerve sheath diameter. The patient underwent an urgent cesarean section. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging and ocular fundus examination confirmed the diagnosis.
February 12, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434160/the-relationship-between-bladder-periarterial-and-somatic-neuropathy-in-diabetes
#7
Ryuji Sakakibara, Osamu Takahashi, Haruka Nishimura, Fuyuki Tateno, Masahiko Kishi, Yohei Tsuyusaki, Yosuke Aiba, Ichiro Tatsuno
Aims of study Diabetes commonly affects the bladder nerves. However, the relationship among bladder, periarterial and somatic neuropathy in diabetes is not well known. In the present study we investigated these relationships. Methods A total of 110 diabetic subjects were enrolled in the study. All were referred for screening for diabetic neuropathy, irrespective of their symptoms. The patients included 61 men and 49 women; the mean age was 59.3 years (31-85 years); the mean disease duration was 14.0 years (5-30 years); and the mean HbA1c value was 10...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430675/ultrasound-elastographic-measurement-of-sciatic-nerve-displacement-and-shear-strain-during-active-and-passive-knee-extension
#8
Richard Ellis, Maheswaran Rohan, James Fox, Juvena Hitt, Helene Langevin, Sharon Henry
There is current need for objective measures of sciatic nerve mobility in patients with sciatic-type pain. The objective of the study was to assess the feasibility and reliability of ultrasound elastography to quantify sciatic nerve displacement and shear strain at the sciatic nerve-hamstring muscle interface during active and passive knee extension-flexion exercises performed while sitting in healthy people. Ultrasound elastography showed excellent intrarater within-session reliability for assessing sciatic nerve displacement and sciatic nerve-hamstring muscle interface shear strain during active knee extension-flexion exercises...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429862/-intracranial-hypertension-ultrasound-measurement-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath
#9
José Luis Vázquez Martínez, Aiza Carolina Hernández Villarroel, María Tejado Castillo, María Sánchez Porras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428372/comparative-study-on-the-analgesic-effect-of-acute-ipsilateral-shoulder-pain-after-open-thoracotomy-between-preoperative-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-snb-and-intraoperative-phrenic-nerve-infiltration-pni-in-cancer-lung-patients
#10
Bassel M Elfokery, Sahar A Tawfic, Abdelrahman M Abdelrahman, Dina N Abbas, Ikramy M Abdelghaffar
INTRODUCTION: Acute ipsilateral shoulder pain (ISP) is a common complaint in patients after thoracotomy. The incidence ranges from 21% to 97%. Unfortunately, clinical studies did not put enough focus on ISP post thoracic surgery. AIM OF THE WORK: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of suprascapular nerve block (SNB) and phrenic nerve infiltration (PNI) for controlling ISP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five lung cancer patients (135) scheduled for open-lung surgery were randomly allocated into three equal groups; control group: received thoracic epidural with general anesthesia, suprascapular group: (SNB) one hour before the operation with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia and phrenic nerve group: (PNI) was performed by the operating surgeon with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426979/role-of-ultrasound-in-detection-of-radiolucent-foreign-bodies-in-extremities
#11
Mehraj D Tantray, Asim Rather, Qazi Manaan, Irfan Andleeb, Mir Mohammad, Yasmeena Gull
Removal of foreign bodies from soft tissues in emergency is very challenging and becomes more problematic when it is radiolucent. Blind exploration is sometimes hazardous for patients especially when it is in proximity to a vessel or a nerve or an overlying tendon. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasonography (USG) in detecting radiolucent soft tissue foreign bodies in the extremities. From January 2014 to January 2016, 120 patients with either a positive history or clinically suspected soft tissue foreign body and negative radiography were evaluated by USG with a high-frequency (13-6 MHz) linear-array transducer...
February 9, 2018: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426574/short-term-clinical-outcome-of-orthosis-alone-vs-combination-of-orthosis-nerve-and-tendon-gliding-exercises-and-ultrasound-therapy-for-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#12
Sze En Sim, Jayaletchumi Gunasagaran, Khean-Jin Goh, Tunku Sara Ahmad
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has been described as the most common compression neuropathy. Many modalities exist for conservative treatment. Efficacy of each modality has been described in the literature. However, the effectiveness of combination of these modalities is not well established. The purpose of this study is to assess the short-term clinical outcome of conservative treatment for CTS comparing orthosis alone with combination of orthosis, nerve/tendon gliding exercises, and ultrasound therapy...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426287/preoperative-versus-postoperative-ultrasound-guided-rectus-sheath-block-for-improving-pain-sleep-quality-and-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-open-midline-incisions-undergoing-transabdominal-gynecological-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Feng Jin, Zhe Li, Wen-Fei Tan, Hong Ma, Xiao-Qian Li, Huang-Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Nerve block is usually performed before surgery because it inhibits reflection of the skin incision and reduces the amount of intraoperative anesthetic used. We hypothesized that performing rectus sheath block (RSB) after surgery would result in a longer duration of the analgesic effects and have a subtle influence on sleep time after surgery but that it would not decrease the perioperative cytokine levels of patients undergoing gynecological surgery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016...
February 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416452/comparative-study-of-anatomical-landmark-guided-versus-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-in-chronic-shoulder-pain
#14
Kirti Kamal, Naresh Dahiya, Roop Singh, Savita Saini, Susheela Taxak, Saloni Kapoor
Background: Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) is an effective method for the treatment of shoulder disorders. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of SSNB under ultrasonographic guidance with anatomical landmark-guided (LMG) technique in the treatment of chronic shoulder pain. Materials and Methods: A total of fifty patients with shoulder pain were enrolled in the present prospective randomized study. Patients in Group I (n = 25) received SSNB using the anatomical LMG as technique described by Dangoisse, in whom a total of 6 ml of drug (5 ml of 0...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416451/which-is-better-for-pain-reduction-during-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-of-the-prostate-intravenous-diazepam-local-periprostatic-nerve-block-or-combination-controlled-randomized-study
#15
Haisam Atta, Mohamed F Mostafa, Mahmoud Shalaby
Background: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSPB) is considered the procedure of choice for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Men undergoing this biopsy experience high psychological stress. Different studies recommend techniques as sedation, lidocaine gel intrarectally, periprostatic nerve block alone, or nitrous oxide inhalation as effective methods of analgesia during procedural-related pain or discomfort. We evaluated three techniques for pain relief during TRUSPB and evaluated if there was any increase in the incidence of complications when employing either technique...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416236/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunctive-analgesic-to-ropivacaine-in-pectoral-nerve-block-in-oncological-breast-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-prospective-study
#16
Haramritpal Kaur, Poonam Arora, Gurpreet Singh, Amandeep Singh, Shobha Aggarwal, Mukesh Kumar
Background and Aims: Pectoral nerve block (Pecs) using local anesthetic (LA) agent is a newer analgesic technique for breast surgeries. This study further evaluates the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to LA agent on total duration of analgesia and postoperative morphine consumption. Material and Methods: A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologist Grade I and II female patients with age ≥18 years, scheduled for oncological breast surgery, were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415860/development-of-an-ultrasound-guided-technique-for-retrobulbar-nerve-block-in-dromedary-camels-a-cadaveric-study
#17
Adel M Badawy, Eman A Eshra
OBJECTIVE: Description of an ultrasound (US)-guided technique for retrobulbar nerve blockade in dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cadaveric study that was carried out in three phases: phase I: anatomical dissection and development of US-guided technique; phase II: methylene blue (MB) injection; phase III: contrast medium (CM), US-guided injections with computed tomography (CT) control. ANIMALS: A total of 36 orbits from 18 heads were obtained from 18 dromedary cadavers...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415656/comparison-of-lumbar-plexus-block-using-the-short%C3%A2-axis-in-plane-method-at-the-plane-of-the-transverse-process-and-at-the-articular-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Rui Lu, Chengcheng Shen, Chunyong Yang, Yan Chen, Juanjuan Li, Kaizhi Lu
BACKGROUND: Although the safety and effectiveness of the short-axis in-plane method has been confirmed for lumbar plexus block, the operation is difficult and has a high rate of epidural spread at the plane of the articular process. Therefore, we developed a new in-plane technique, called the beach chair method, which displays images from the transverse process. We compared the operative difficulty and incidence of epidural spread of the beach chair method with those of the control method (at the plane of the articular process) in this randomized controlled clinical trial...
February 7, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415312/novel-demonstration-of-the-anterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerves-using-ultrasound
#19
Christopher Pivec, Gerd Bodner, Johannes A Mayer, Peter C Brugger, Istvan Paraszti, Veith Moser, Hannes Traxler, Georg Riegler
PURPOSE: Neuropathy of the intermediate (IFCN) and medial femoral cutaneous nerve (MFCN) is a potential iatrogenic complication of thigh surgery and its diagnosis is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of the visualization and diagnostic assessment of the IFCN and MFCN with high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, HRUS with high-frequency probes (15 - 22MHz) was used to locate the IFCN and the MFCN in 16 fresh cadaveric lower limbs...
February 7, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410689/comparison-of-longitudinal-excursion-of-a-nerve-phantom-model-using-quantitative-ultrasound-imaging-and-motion-analysis-system-methods-a-convergent-validity-study
#20
Philippe Paquette, Youssef El Khamlichi, Martin Lamontagne, Johanne Higgins, Dany H Gagnon
Background: Quantitative ultrasound imaging is gaining popularity in research and clinical settings to measure the neuromechanical properties of the peripheral nerves such as their capability to glide in response to body segment movement. Increasing evidence suggests that impaired median nerve longitudinal excursion is associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. To date, psychometric properties of longitudinal nerve excursion measurements using quantitative ultrasound imaging have not been extensively investigated...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
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