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Peroneal neuropathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018906/chaperonopathies-spotlight-on-hereditary-motor-neuropathies
#1
REVIEW
Vincenzo Lupo, Carmen Aguado, Erwin Knecht, Carmen Espinós
Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMN) are a group of rare hereditary neuromuscular disorders characterized by an atrophy that affects peroneal muscles in the absence of sensory symptoms. To date, 23 genes are thought to be responsible for dHMN, four of which encode chaperones: DNAJB2, which encodes a member of the HSP40/DNAJ co-chaperone family; and HSPB1, HSPB3, and HSPB8, encoding three members of the small heat shock protein family. While around 30 different mutations in HSPB1 have been identified, the remaining three genes are altered in many fewer cases...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004159/assessment-of-tibial-and-common-peroneal-nerves-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-by-diffusion-tensor-imaging-a-case-control-study
#2
Chao Wu, Guangbin Wang, Yunxia Zhao, Wen Hao, Lianxin Zhao, Xinjuan Zhang, Jinfeng Cao, Shanshan Wang, Weibo Chen, Queenie Chan, Bin Zhao, Avneesh Chhabra
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy and interobserver performance of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and detect correlations with electrophysiology. METHODS: Twelve healthy volunteers (controls) and ten DPN patients were enrolled to undergo MR examinations. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of tibial nerve (TN) and common peroneal nerve (CPN) were measured. Unpaired t test and Levene tests were performed to assess differences between the two groups...
December 21, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989968/superior-cluneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy-and-gluteus-medius-muscle-pain-their-effect-on-very-old-patients-with-low-back-pain
#3
Rinko Kokubo, Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
OBJECTIVE: In the very elderly, their general condition and poor compliance with drug regimens can render the treatment of low back pain (LBP) difficult. We report the effectiveness of a less invasive treatment for intractable LBP from superior cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy (SCN-EN) and gluteus medius muscle (GMeM) pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2013 and March 2015, we treated 17 consecutive elders with LBP and buttock- and leg pain (BuP, LP). They were 4 men and 13 women ranging in age from 85 to 91 years (mean 86...
October 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871444/polyneuropathy-in-levodopa-treated-parkinson-s-patients
#4
Karol Szadejko, Krzysztof Dziewiatowski, Krzysztof Szabat, Piotr Robowski, Michał Schinwelski, Emilia Sitek, Jarosław Sławek
Recently published studies show that the prevalence of polyneuropathy (PNP) is higher in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) than in age-matched controls. Its pathogenesis, however is a matter of controversy. The major hypothesis is the toxicity of high concentrations of homocysteine (Hcy) possibly related to levodopa (LD) therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of PNP, independent of other etiologies, and to determine the relationship to demographic and clinical factors in LD-treated Parkinson's patients...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833497/peroneal-nerve-palsy-after-compression-stockings-application
#5
Jun Hyun Kim, Won Il Kim, Ji Yeon Kim, Won Joo Choe
Peroneal nerve palsy can be caused by various etiology. We report unilateral peroneal nerve palsy after compression stockings application. A 64-year-old man underwent off-pump coronary bypass graft. Surgeon did not use saphenous vein for the bypass graft. Sedation was stopped after 3 h postoperative. After 16 h, for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis, knee-high elastic stocking was applied. After 1 h, he took off right stocking because of numbness but left stocking was kept. After 24 h postoperative, (8 h after stocking application) patient complained suddenly left foot drop...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791976/foot-and-ankle-kinematics-and-dynamic-electromyography-quantitative-analysis-of-recovery-from-peroneal-neuropathy-in-a-professional-football-player
#6
Nikhil K Prasad, Krista A Coleman Wood, Robert J Spinner, Kenton R Kaufman
The assessment of neuromuscular recovery after peripheral nerve surgery has typically been a subjective physical examination. The purpose of this report was to assess the value of gait analysis in documenting recovery quantitatively. A professional football player underwent gait analysis before and after surgery for a peroneal intraneural ganglion cyst causing a left-sided foot drop. Surface electromyography (SEMG) recording from surface electrodes and motion parameter acquisition from a computerized motion capture system consisting of 10 infrared cameras were performed simultaneously...
December 0: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756869/correction-of-hammertoe-deformity-with-novel-intramedullary-pip-fusion-device-versus-k-wire-fixation
#7
Seth H Richman, Marcelo Bogliolo Piancastelli Siqueira, Kirk A McCullough, Mark J Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: K-wire fixation has been the most common method of fixation for hammertoe deformity. However intramedullary devices are gaining ground in both number of available choices and in procedures performed. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of hammertoe correction performed with K-wire fixation versus a novel intramedullary fusion device (CannuLink). METHODS: A retrospective review of hammertoe correction by a single surgeon was performed from June 2011 to December 2013...
October 18, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706418/association-between-clinical-condition-and-f-waves-changes-in-the-acute-phase-of-stroke
#8
Gustavo José Luvizutto, Marcelo Fernando Zeugner Bertotti, Thiago Dias Fernandes, Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes, Gabriel Pereira Braga, Rodrigo Bazan, Luiz Antônio de Lima Resende
Objective: To relate F-waves with clinical and laboratory exams in the acute phase of stroke. Methods: Inclusion criteria for this cross-sectional study were: hemiplegia, absence of previous cranial trauma, myopathy, diabetes, alcoholism or other known causes of peripheral neuropathy, and normal sensory and motor conduction. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, glycemia, glucosilate hemoglobin, and CPK were obtained at admission by routine blood exams...
September 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703571/the-role-of-rehabilitation-in-the-management-of-patients-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-report-of-two-cases
#9
Erieta Nikolikj Dimitrova, Ivana Božinovikj, Simona Ristovska, Aleksandra Hadzieva Pejcikj, Aleksandra Kolevska, Mirjeta Hasani
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a hereditary disease with signs of chronic non-progressive motor-sensory neuropathy which is characterised by symmetric muscle atrophy and weakness of the distal portion of lower extremities. AIM: The aim is to present two cases with peroneal muscular atrophy, applied rehabilitation procedures and rehabilitation outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient DR, aged 51, and patient KH, aged 78. Both patients had weakness and pronounced atrophy of the distal portion of lower extremities, numbness down the legs, contractures in the ankles and walking difficulties...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701714/the-therapeutic-effect-of-pancreatic-kininogenase-on-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Y-P Jin, X-F Su, H-Q Li, J-D Wu, B Ding, R Sun, T Shan, L Ye, J-H Ma
Background: To determine the therapeutic efficacy and cost-effective of pancreatic kininogenase (PKase) on treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) compared with Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: 104 patients with DPN receiving standard glucose control therapy were randomly assigned into 3 groups: Group-A received PKase treatment, Group-B received PGE1 treatment, and Group-C received only standard glucose control therapy. Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) score, neurophysiology examination, and nerve conduction velocity were measured...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694375/squatting-induced-bilateral-peroneal-nerve-palsy-in-a-sewer-pipe-worker
#11
M Kodaira, Y Sekijima, N Ohashi, Y Takahashi, K Ueno, D Miyazaki, S Ikeda
Compression neuropathy of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) at the fibula head is a common condition, but it has not attracted attention in working environments. Here, we report a 38-year-old sewer pipe worker who presented with bilateral CPN palsy following 6h working with a squatting posture in a narrow sewer pipe. During the work, he could not stretch his legs sufficiently because of the confined space. His symptoms deteriorated with repetition of the same work for 1 week. Motor nerve conduction study showed conduction block at the fibula head of bilateral CPNs, compatible with compression neuropathy at this lesion...
September 30, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651785/huangqi-guizhi-wuwu-decoction-for-treating-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-meta-analysis-of-16-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Bing Pang, Tian-Yu Zhao, Lin-Hua Zhao, Fang Wan, Ru Ye, Qiang Zhou, Feng Tian, Xiao-Lin Tong
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was performed to systematically assess the efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Decoction (HGWWD) for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy. DATA SOURCES: Six electronic databases, including the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE database, Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database, and the Wanfang Database, were searched on the internet for randomized controlled trials published up until 1 December 2015...
August 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648065/an-unusual-cause-of-foot-drop-peroneal-extraneural-ganglion-cyst
#13
Murat Zumrut, Mehmet Demirayak, Ahmet Kucukapan
Peripheral neuropathies caused by ganglion cysts are quite rare, especially in the lower extremities. The case of a 64-year-old male with a 2-day history of foot drop and tenderness in the region of the left fibular neck is presented. Physical examination and electromyogram findings verified peroneal nerve palsy. Ultrasonography showed cystic mass localized proximal of the peroneal muscle structures. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic-appearing mass around the fibular neck that compressed the common peroneal nerve...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636384/neurolymphomatosis-of-the-peripheral-nervous-system-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Panagiotis A Sideras, John Matthews, S M Nazmus Sakib, Franka Ofikwu, Vadim Spektor
Neurolymphomatosis is a rare neurological syndrome in lymphomas. It is reported as infiltration of peripheral nerves by lymphoma. It is important to distinguish neurolymphomatosis from other types of neuropathies, particularly infectious and inflammatory conditions. However, it is difficult to isolate a cancer-related inflammatory vasculitis and mononeuritis multiplex without definitive histopathologic examination. In this report, we describe a case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the peroneal nerve and presenting as neurolymphomatosis...
November 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625547/scratch-collapse-test-is-a-useful-clinical-sign-in-assessing-long-thoracic-nerve-entrapment
#15
Elizabeth M Pinder, Chye Yew Ng
The scratch collapse test (SCT) is a relatively new clinical test in which a positive result implies entrapment neuropathy of the nerve tested. Initially described for carpal and cubital tunnel syndromes, subsequent authors have found it useful for the assessment of median, ulna, radial, axillary, and common peroneal nerves. We report a case illustrating the value of the SCT in the clinical assessment of thoracic nerve entrapment.
August 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617106/progressive-foot-drop-caused-by-below-knee-compression-stocking-after-spinal-surgery
#16
Karan Malhotra, Joseph S Butler, Adam Benton, Sean Molloy
Foot drop is a debilitating condition, which may take many months to recover. The most common cause of foot drop is a neuropathy of the common peroneal nerve (CPN). However, similar symptoms can be caused by proximal lesions of the sciatic nerve, lumbar plexus or L5 nerve root. We present a rare and unusual case of a patient undergoing spinal surgery at the level of L5/S1 and presenting 4 weeks postoperatively with progressive foot drop. Although the initial concern was a postoperative lesion at L5, the cause for this delayed presentation was extrinsic compression of the CPN at the level of the fibular head by a tight-fitting below-knee thromboembolic deterrent stocking...
September 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602309/delayed-presentation-of-sciatic-nerve-injury-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-neurosurgical-considerations-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Linda W Xu, Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Ciara Harraher, John K Ratliff
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an established treatment for end-stage arthritis, congenital deformity, and trauma with good long-term clinical and functional outcomes. Delayed sciatic nerve injury is a rare complication after THA that requires prompt diagnosis and management. METHODS: We present a case of sciatic nerve motor and sensory deficit in a 52-year-old patient 2 years after index left THA. Electromyography (EMG) results and imaging with radiographs and CT of the affected hip demonstrated an aberrant acetabular cup screw in the posterior-inferior quadrant adjacent to the sciatic nerve...
July 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600489/pain-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-improvement-after-microsurgical-decompression-of-entrapped-peripheral-nerves-in-patients-with-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#18
Wenqiang Yang, Zhuangli Guo, Yanbing Yu, Jun Xu, Li Zhang
Surgery had been shown to be effective for superimposed peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), with pain relief and sensation restored. Few studies, however, have reported the quality-of-life outcomes of surgery for the treatment of painful DPN (PDPN). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of microsurgical decompression of multiple entrapped peripheral nerves on pain and health-related quality of life in patients with refractory PDPN of the lower limbs...
November 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594645/complete-fifth-ray-amputation-with-peroneal-tendon-transfer-to%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-cuboid-a-review-of-consecutive-cases-involving-lateral-column%C3%A2-neuropathic-foot-ulceration-and-osteomyelitis
#19
Troy J Boffeli, Steven R Smith, Kyle W Abben
Nonhealing wounds along the fifth metatarsal associated with neuropathy and bone deformity frequently become complicated with osteomyelitis. Our surgical technique for complete fifth ray amputation with peroneal tendon transfer has been previously published. The present study evaluated the outcomes regarding success with initial healing and intermediate-term limb survival after this procedure, which is intended to resolve infection, remove bone deformity, heal and prevent recurrence of lateral column wounds, and maintain functional stability of the foot...
November 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593812/prevent%C3%A4-ng-sciatic-nerve-injury-due-to-intramusculer-injection-malpract%C3%A4-ce-a-literature-rev%C3%A4-ew-and-ten-years-single-center-experience
#20
Sırma Geyik, Murat Geyik, Remzi Yiğiter, Samiye Kuzudişli, Sadullah Sağlam, Mehmet Ali Elçi, Mustafa Yilmaz
AIM: AIM: Sciatic nerve injury is the most frequent and serious complication of intramuscular gluteal injection. This study aims to highlight the incidence and causes of this continuing problem and to discuss the relevant literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 217 subjects who were diagnosed with sciatic nerve injury in our neurophysiology laboratory between 2003 and 2013 were examined. Sensory and motor transmission studies and needle electromyography were performed by conventional methods in the two lower legs and the results were compared between each leg...
February 16, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
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