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Peroneal neuropathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775143/testing-the-effectiveness-and-the-contribution-of-experimental-supercharge-reversed-end-to-side-nerve-transfer
#1
Mustafa Nadi, Sudheesh Ramachandran, Abir Islam, Joanne Forden, Gui Fang Guo, Rajiv Midha
OBJECTIVE Supercharge end-to-side (SETS) transfer, also referred to as reverse end-to-side transfer, distal to severe nerve compression neuropathy or in-continuity nerve injury is gaining clinical popularity despite questions about its effectiveness. Here, the authors examined SETS distal to experimental neuroma in-continuity (NIC) injuries for efficacy in enhancing neuronal regeneration and functional outcome, and, for the first time, they definitively evaluated the degree of contribution of the native and donor motor neuron pools...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765578/lipid-lowering-drugs-statins-and-peripheral-neuropathy
#2
Mohammadreza Emad, Hosein Arjmand, Hamid Reza Farpour, Bahareh Kardeh
Background and aim: Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder with often unknown causes. Some drugs, including statins, are proposed to be among the causes of peripheral neuropathy. This study aimed at evaluating this condition by electrodiagnostic study among patients who had received statins. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Shiraz, Iran in 2015, and included 39 patients aged 35-55 who had received statins for at least 6 months, and 39 healthy matched controls...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744050/iatrogenic-nerve-lesion-following-laparoscopic-surgery-a-case-report
#3
Michele Vecchio, Andrea Santamato, Fortunato Geneovese, Giulia Malaguarnera, Vito Emanuele Catania, Saverio Latteri
Background: Peripheral neuropathy after surgical treatment is an under recognized potential untoward event. Pelvic surgery may be associated with nerve lesions by essentially three main mechanisms: transection, entrapment and pressure-stretching; the latter is the modality most frequently linked to patient's positioning on the operating room table. Presentation of the case: A 25 years old woman, after undergoing a laparoscopic gynaecologic procedure lasted >3 hours, on postoperative day one presented with numbness over her lateral right leg and dorsum of the foot, right foot drop and gait instability due to compression-stretching of the right superficial peroneal nerve...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668644/compression-neuropathy-of-common-peroneal-nerve-caused-by-a-popliteal-cyst-a-case-report
#4
Xiaobin Zeng, Lifeng Xie, Zhiqiang Qiu, Kuo Sun
RATIONALE: Popliteal cyst developing in the sheath of a peripheral nerve or joint capsule may cause compression neuropathy. Although popliteal cyst is very common lesion, it seldom causes serious complications. Common peroneal nerve compression is rarely caused by an extraneural popliteal cyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented the case of a 52-year-old female with common peroneal nerve compression caused by an extraneural popliteal cyst. DIAGNOSES: Electromyography showed the damage of common peroneal nerve...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627577/role-of-neopterin-as-a-biochemical-marker-for-peripheral-neuropathy-in-pediatric-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-relation-to-nerve-conduction-studies
#5
Nancy Samir Elbarbary, Eman Abdel Rahman Ismail, Rana Ahmed El-Hilaly, Fatma Salama Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Neopterin, a marker of inflammation and cellular immune response, is elevated in conditions of T-cell or macrophages activation. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is associated with inflammatory/immune processes and therefore, we hypothesized that neopterin could be used as a marker of neuropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). AIM: To measure neopterin levels in children and adolescents with T1DM and assess its possible relation to DPN and nerve conduction studies (NCS)...
April 5, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619066/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-injection-of-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-puerarin-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-53-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Baocheng Xie, Qinghui Wang, Chenhui Zhou, Jiahuan Wu, Daohua Xu
Objective: The injection of the traditional Chinese patent medicine puerarin has been widely used in the treatment of various diseases such as angina pectoris or ischemic stroke. We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of puerarin injection for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in seven medical databases from their inception until June 2017. 53 studies with RCTs, totaling 3284 patients, were included in this meta-analysis...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606547/effect-of-aerobic-training-on-nerve-conduction-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-and-peripheral-neuropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Farhad Gholami, Saeed Nikookheslat, Yaghoub Salekzamani, Normand Boule, Afshar Jafari
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is one of the long-term complications of diabetes. Few studies have investigated the role of regular exercise on diabetic PN. We examined the effect of aerobic training on nerve conduction velocity and action potential amplitude in the lower limbs of men with type 2 diabetes and PN. METHODS: In a randomized controlled study, 24 volunteers diagnosed with diabetic PN were randomly assigned to exercise or control groups. Aerobic training consisted of 20-45min walking or running at 50-70% of heart rate reserve for three sessions per week over 12weeks...
March 29, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562484/foot-drop-caused-by-a-movable-cystic-mass-during-knee-motion
#8
Nack Hwan Kim, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nerve injury due to a movable cystic mass during knee motion is a rare neuropathy, which can be diagnosed precisely using a dynamic ultrasonogram. OBJECTIVE: To present a case with foot drop and common peroneal neuropathy that involved a movable cystic mass during knee flexion adjacent to the proximal tibiofibular joint. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 47-year-old female was referred to our institute for a right foot drop...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558039/analysis-of-peripheral-nerve-and-autonomic-nervous-system-function-and-the-stage-of-microangiopathy-in-patients-with-secondary-raynaud-s-phenomenon-in-the-course-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#9
Izabela Gosk-Bierska, Maria Misterska-Skóra, Marta Wasilewska, Małgorzata Bilińska, Jerzy Gosk, Rajmund Adamiec, Magdalena Koszewicz
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (SRP) associated with connective tissue diseases (CTD) is not entirely understood. Nervous system dysfunction and microangiopathy are considered to be causes of this pathology. OBJECTIVES: Peripheral and autonomic nervous system function, the stage of microangiopathy, and the relationships between these in patients with SRP were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study, 20 patients with CTD-related SRP and 30 healthy controls were subject to capillaroscopy, standard conduction velocity tests and conduction velocity distribution (CVD) tests in ulnar and peroneal nerves, heart rate variability (HRV), and sympathetic skin response (SSR) tests...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414409/better-diagnostic-accuracy-of-neuropathy-in-obesity-a-new-challenge-for-neurologists
#10
Brian C Callaghan, Rong Xia, Evan Reynolds, Mousumi Banerjee, Charles Burant, Amy Rothberg, Rodica Pop-Busui, Emily Villegas-Umana, Eva L Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the comparative diagnostic characteristics of neuropathy measures in an obese population. METHODS: We recruited obese participants from the University of Michigan's Weight Management Program. Receiver operative characteristic analysis determined the area under the curve (AUC) of neuropathy measures for distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP), small fiber neuropathy (SFN), and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN). The best test combinations were determined using stepwise and Score subset selection models...
March 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410172/impact-of-additional-treatment-of-paralumbar-spine-and-peripheral-nerve-diseases-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#11
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Kazuyoshi Yamazaki, Daijiro Morimoto, Masanori Isobe
OBJECTIVE: Some patients experience failed back surgery syndrome after lumbar spine surgery. We report the effect of additional treatments for paralumbar spine and peripheral nerve diseases addressing residual symptoms after surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 74 patients (59 men and 15 women; mean age 62.9 years) who had undergone lumbar posterior decompression surgery. Mean follow-up after initial surgery was 26.2 months (range, 13-48 months). We subsequently diagnosed paralumbar spine diseases, including superior cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy with (n = 3) or without gluteus medius muscle pain (n = 4) and gluteus medius muscle pain alone (n = 5), and peripheral nerve diseases, including peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy (n = 4) and tarsal tunnel syndrome (n = 1), based on persistent or recurring clinical symptoms and nerve block effects...
April 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383748/paralysis-of-the-external-popliteal-sciatic-nerve-associated-with-daptomycin-administration
#12
L Villaverde Piñeiro, R Rabuñal Rey, A García Sabina, R Monte Secades, M J García Pais
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Peripheral neuropathy has been associated with the administration of certain drugs. Few reports have described the association of daptomycin with the development of peripheral neuropathy, none of them with peroneal nerve involvement. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of a 62-year-old man who developed external popliteal sciatic nerve paralysis after 22 days of therapy with daptomycin. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: We present an uncommon and not previously reported adverse event...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373140/-foot-drop-an-iatrogenic-complication-of-spinal-anesthesia
#13
Vipin Kumar Goyal, Vijay Mathur
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Foot drop in postoperative period is very rare after spinal anesthesia. Early clinical assessment and diagnostic interventions is of prime importance to establish the etiology and to start appropriate management. Close follow-up is warranted in early postoperative period in cases when patient complain paresthesia or pain during needle insertion or drug injection. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old male was undergone lower limb orthopedic surgery in spinal anesthesia...
January 16, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355794/surgical-results-of-common-peroneal-nerve-neuroplasty-at-lateral-fibular-neck
#14
John Souter, Kevin Swong, Matthew McCoyd, Neelam Balasubramanian, Magan Nielsen, Vikram C Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) compressive neuropathy is the most common lower-extremity entrapment neuropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained single-institution database of all patients with CPN palsy who underwent decompression and neuroplasty over a 5-year period was performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent a neuroplasty of the CPN over a 5-year period (2010-2015) at our institution...
April 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299392/rapid-neurophysiological-screening-for-sensory-ganglionopathy-a-novel-approach
#15
Panagiotis Zis, Marios Hadjivassiliou, Ptolemaios Georgios Sarrigiannis, Alexander St John Edward Barker, Dasappaiah Ganesh Rao
Background and Aim: Pure sensory neuropathies involving the dorsal root ganglia are commonly referred to as sensory ganglionopathies (SG). Causes of SG can be inherited (as seen in Friedreich's ataxia) or acquired (e.g. immune-mediated or paraneoplastic). Diagnostic criteria for confirming SG have been published and consist of a combination of clinical and neurophysiological parameters. The aim of our study was to develop a neurophysiological method for rapid screening for diagnosis of SG...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291292/peroneal-nerve-decompression
#16
Mark Corriveau, Jacob D Lescher, Amgad S Hanna
Peroneal neuropathy is a common pathology encountered by neurosurgeons. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and foot drop. When secondary to compression of the nerve at the fibular head, peroneal (fibular) nerve release is a low-risk procedure that can provide excellent results with pain relief and return of function. In this video, the authors highlight key operative techniques to ensure adequate decompression of the nerve while protecting the 3 major branches, including the superficial peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, and recurrent genicular (articular) branches...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217500/peripheral-neuropathy-as-a-complication-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-child-with-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-type-1-case-report
#17
Marta Baszyńska-Wilk, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Anna Świercz, Jolanta Świderska, Magdalena Marszał, Mieczysław Szalecki
BACKGROUND: Neurological complications of diabetic ketoacidosis are considered to be very serious clinical problem. The most common complication is cerebral edema. However this group includes also less common syndromes such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis or very rare peripheral neuropathy. CASE REPORT: We present a case of 9-year old girl with new onset type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, cerebral edema, multifocal vasogenic brain lesions and lower limbs peripheral paresis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125108/lipoic-acid-combined-with-epalrestat-versus-lipoic-acid-in-treating-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-meta-analysis
#18
Xiao-Tong Wang, Hai-Xiong Lin, Shu-Ai Xu, Ying-Kun Lu
Objective To compare the clinical effectiveness of lipoic acid combined with epalrestat versus lipoic acid in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). Methods Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) and clinical controlled trials on lipoic acid versus epalrestat for DPN before February 2016 were searched through five databases:CNKI,CBM,VIP,Wanfang,and PubMed. The quality of the included trials were assessed using Cochrane software and Jadad scores. Data were analyzed with Review Manager 5.3 software. Results Nine studies were included in the analysis...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094786/intraneural-perineuriomas-diagnostic-value-of-magnetic-resonance-neurography
#19
Luciana León Cejas, Daniela Binaghi, Mariano Socolovsky, Alberto Dubrovsky, Laura Pirra, Cintia Marchesoni, Ana Pardal, Soledad Monges, Gabriela Peretti, Ana L Taratuto, Fabiana Lubinieki, Ricardo Reisin
Intraneural perineurioma (IP) is an under-recognized hypertrophic peripheral nerve tumor. It affects young patients involving frequently the sciatic nerve and its branches and presents with a progressive, painless and predominantly motor deficit. Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) is a useful tool to localize the lesion, evaluate its extension, and discriminate between different etiologies. We reviewed the clinical records of 11 patients with pathologically confirm IP. Eight patients were males with mean age 19 years...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026813/immediate-nerve-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-peroneal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-an-intraneural-ganglion-case-report-and-review
#20
I Ratanshi, T A Clark, Jennifer L Giuffre
Intraneural ganglion cysts that occur within the common peroneal nerve are a rare cause of foot drop. The current standard of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve involves (1) cyst decompression and (2) ligation of the articular nerve branch to prevent recurrence. Nerve transfers are a time-dependent strategy for recovering ankle dorsiflexion in cases of high peroneal nerve palsy; however, this modality has not been performed for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
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