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Shazia Farzana, Nora Fung Yee Tam
Mangrove wetland receives nutrient-rich aquaculture effluent (AE) from nearby farming activities and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) from the production and usage of flame retardants. The effects of BDE-209 (the most common PBDE congener), AE and their combination on two true mangrove species, namely Kandelia obovata and Avicennia marina, were compared in a 6-month microcosm study. Results showed that K. obovata was more sensitive to these contaminants than A. marina, as reflected by its enhanced production of leaf superoxide (O2 -∗ ) by BDE-209 and root malondialdehyde (MDA) by the combined BDE-209 and AE treatment...
March 3, 2018: Chemosphere
Ana Paula Moreno Barbosa, Paula Méndez-Fernandez, Patrick Simões Dias, Marcos César Oliveira Santos, Satie Taniguchi, Rosalinda Carmela Montone
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) accumulate in the fat tissue of living organisms and are found in relatively high concentrations in animals at the top of the food chain, such as dolphins. The ability of these compounds to interact with the endocrine system of marine mammals constitutes a risk for the reproduction and conservation of species. The La Plata dolphin, Pontoporia blainvillei, is exclusive to the southwestern Atlantic Ocean and is classified on the IUCN red list as a vulnerable species. Blubber, liver, kidney and muscle samples from four P...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Yan Zhao, Qi Song, Zhijuan Cao, Xiujuan Su, Jing Hua, Yunhui Zhang, Xiaoxiao He
Previous studies have linked prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposure to adverse birth outcomes. Reductions in placental size might mediate those adverse effects. We examined whether umbilical cord blood PBDEs concentrations were associated with placental size at birth. A total of 121 mother-newborn pairs residing in Wenzhou were enrolled in this study. Concentrations of 19 PBDEs in umbilical cord blood were determined by gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Placental length, breadth and surface area was measured by medical professionals after delivery...
February 20, 2018: Chemosphere
Jiehong Guo, Kendall Simon, Kevin Romanak, William Bowerman, Marta Venier
In this study, we measured the concentrations of 58 flame retardants (and related compounds) in bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) egg and plasma samples from the Michigan. These analytes include polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), novel flame retardants (nFRs), Dechlorane-related compounds (Decs), and organophosphate esters (OPEs). A total of 24 paired eaglet plasma and egg samples were collected from inland (IN, N = 13) and the Great Lakes (GL, N = 11) breeding areas from 2000 to 2012. PBDEs were the most abundant chemical group with a geometric mean of 181 ng/g wet weight (ww) in egg and 5...
March 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Edmond Sanganyado, Imran Rashid Rajput, Wenhua Liu
Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) are chronically exposed to organic pollutants since they inhabit shallow coastal waters that are often impacted by anthropogenic activities. The aim of this review was to evaluate existing knowledge on the occurrence of organic pollutants in Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins, identify knowledge gaps, and offer recommendations for future research directions. We discussed the trends in the bioaccumulation of organic pollutants in Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins focusing on sources, physicochemical properties, and usage patterns...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Pollution
A de la Torre, B Barbas, P Sanz, I Navarro, B Artíñano, M A Martínez
Urban ambient air samples, including gas-phase (PUF), total suspended particulates (TSP), PM10 , PM2.5 and PM1 airborne particle fractions were collected to evaluate gas-particle partitioning and size particle distribution of traditional and novel halogenated flame retardants. Simultaneously, passive air samplers (PAS) were deployed in the same location. Analytes included 33 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (BB-153), hexabromobenzene (HBB), pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), dechloranes (Dec 602, 603, 604, 605 or Dechorane plus (DP)) and chlordane plus (CP)...
February 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bin Zhang, Ting Xu, Gaofeng Huang, Daqiang Yin, Qing Zhang, Xinyue Yang
Two metabolites, OH-BDEs and MeO-BDEs, of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were ubiquitously detected in animal tissues and environmental samples, drawing a widely public concern to their toxicity. The comparison of toxicity between PBDEs and their metabolites has been a focus in recent years, however, comparisons seldom involve neurobehavioral toxicity of PBDEs metabolites in published works. In this study, zebrafish larvae were exposed to 6-OH-BDE-47 and 6-MeO-BDE-47 and their neurobehavioral traits (including locomotion, path angle, and social activity) were recorded using the instrument Zebrabox; meanwhile, light illumination was used as stimuli in the test duration...
February 15, 2018: Chemosphere
Jun Li, Guo-Li Yuan, Ping Li, Xu-Chuan Duan, Hong-Hui Yu, Jun-Lang Qiu, Gen-Hou Wang
In the background region of the Tibetan Plateau (TP), the rapid urbanization probably results in the massive generation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which lacks monitoring and evaluation. Since landfill could serve as an important sink of the locally used POPs, the analysis of POPs in the Tibetan landfill area might help us to understand the source composition and their transport in the TP. In this study, the concentration variations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in five soil profiles and seven surficial sediments around the largest Tibetan landfill were investigated...
February 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Xinyue You, Tomoko Ando, Jing Xi, Yiyi Cao, Weiying Liu, Xinyu Zhang, Masamitsu Honma, Kenichi Masumura, Yang Luan
Flame retardant polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is a representative PBDE congener with widespread distribution and relatively high toxicity potential. Although it has been reported that BDE-47 can cause DNA damage in various in vitro systems, few studies have provided in vivo genotoxicity information. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genotoxicity of BDE-47 in mice. Male gpt delta mice were administered BDE-47 by gavage at 0, 0...
February 15, 2018: Mutagenesis
Chubashini Shunthirasingham, Nick Alexandrou, Kenneth A Brice, Helena Dryfhout-Clark, Ky Su, Cecilia Shin, Richard Park, Artur Pajda, Ronald Noronha, Hayley Hung
Organic pollutants have been monitored in the atmosphere of the Great Lake Basin (GLB) since the 1990s in support of the Canada-US Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and to determine the effectiveness of source reduction measures and factors influencing air concentrations. Air samples were collected between 2005 and 2014 at three sites with different geographical characteristics (Burnt Island, Egbert and Point Petre) in the Canadian GLB using high-volume air samplers and the air samples were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and several other non-PBDE halogenated flame retardants (HFRs)...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Anthony François, Jonathan Verreault
Studies have shown that debromination of the major component in the deca-brominated diphenyl ether mixture (deca-BDE), BDE-209, occurs in vivo in birds. Recent work from our laboratory on breeding ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis) exposed to elevated PBDE concentrations in the densely-populated metropolis of Montreal (Canada) further suggests that BDE-209 debromination is potentially catalyzed by deiodinases in liver microsomes. The first objective of this study was to determine if type 1 deiodinase (D1) was involved in the in vitro debromination of BDE-209 in liver microsomes of ring-billed gulls...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
Dudsadee Muenhor, Stuart Harrad
This study examines concentrations of tri- to hexa-bromodiphenylethers (BDEs 17, 28, 47, 49, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153 and 154; Σ10PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)) in car (n = 30) and house dust samples (n = 53) collected from different provinces in Thailand. The specific objectives of this study were: (i) to monitor levels of tri- to hexa-bromodiphenylethers (BDEs 17, 28, 47, 49, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153 and 154; Σ10PBDEs) in vehicle and residential dust sampled from various provinces in Thailand; (ii) to compare PBDE concentrations with those detected for domestic and automobile dust in studies from other countries and (iii) to estimate exposure of the Thai population to the target PBDEs via dust ingestion...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Thomas J McGrath, Paul D Morrison, Andrew S Ball, Bradley O Clarke
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and novel brominated flame retardants (NBFR) have been used in a range of polymers to inhibit the spread of fires but also have a propensity to migrate out of consumer materials and contaminate indoor dust. In this study, a total of 57 dust samples were collected from 12 homes, eight offices and eight vehicles in Melbourne, Australia and analysed for eight PBDEs (-28, -47, -99, -100, -153, -154, -183 and -209) and seven NBFRs (PBT, PBEB, HBB, EH-TBB, BEH-TEBP, BTBPE and DBDPE) to determine human exposure risks from dust ingestion...
February 8, 2018: Environment International
Hui Zhang, Barry C Kelly
While numerous studies have demonstrated the environmental behavior of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), information regarding sorption and bioaccumulation potential of other widely used organic chemicals such as halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) is limited. This study involved a comprehensive field investigation of multi-class hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in environmental media and fish in Singapore Strait, an important tropical maritime strait in Southeast Asia...
February 1, 2018: Chemosphere
Feng Wang, Mingliang Fang, David E Hinton, Melissa Chernick, Shenglan Jia, Yingdan Zhang, Lingtian Xie, Wenjing Dong, Wu Dong
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a group of brominated flame retardants that are ubiquitously detected in the environment and associated with adverse health outcomes. 6-OH-BDE-47 is a metabolite of the flame retardant, 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), and there is increasing concern regarding its developmental neurotoxicity and endocrine disrupting properties. In this study, we report that early life exposure in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos to 6-OH-BDE-47 (50 and 100 nM) resulted in higher coiling frequency and significantly increased apoptotic cells in the brain...
February 3, 2018: Chemosphere
Yun-Jiang Yu, Bi-Gui Lin, Wei-Bo Liang, Liang-Zhong Li, Yu-de Hong, Xi-Chao Chen, Xing-Yu Xu, Ming-Deng Xiang, Shan Huang
Previous studies have confirmed that house dust is one of the main sources of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure, and also indicated that PBDEs might affect human semen quality. The aim of this study was to explore the association between PBDEs concentration in house dust and the semen quality of male resident. Results showed that the semen qualities of the residents living around the e-waste dismantling workshops for a long time (3-17years) at the e-waste areas in South China significantly decreased, and the DNA damage of sperms were aggravated...
February 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Monica Garcia Lopez, Malcolm Driffield, Alwyn R Fernandes, Frankie Smith, Jonathan Tarbin, Antony S Lloyd, Julie Christy, Melanie Holland, Zoe Steel, Christina Tlustos
The occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and other phenolic brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in Irish foodstuffs has been assessed. A total of 53 food samples including eggs, milk, fish, fat and offal were tested. Eighty-one percent of the samples contained at least one measurable PBDE congener. The most abundant and frequently occurring congeners were BDE-47, BDE-49, BDE-99, BDE-100 and BDE-209 with the highest concentrations found in fish, fat and eggs...
February 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Yun-Mei Cai, Guo-Fa Ren, Zheng Lin, Guo-Ying Sheng, Xin-Hui Bi, Shui-Yu Sun
To evaluate contamination by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in market hens and human PBDE exposure via hen consumption in Guangzhou, hens were collected and their muscle, liver, fat, blood, yolk, and ingluvies tissues were analyzed for 13 PBDE congeners. The median highest concentration of ∑PBDEs was found in the ingluvies (5.30 ng/g lw), followed by the muscle (2.53 ng/g lw), with the lowest located in the yolk (0.09 ng/g lw). The concentrations of PBDEs in the muscle tissue of market hens in Guangzhou were at medium levels compared to others reported around the world...
February 1, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xingchun Jiao, Yongxiao Wang, Shu Chen, Jiuchen Liu, Qin Tian, Lisheng Hou, Guohui Lu, Yongliang Yang
To investigate the concentration and congener patterns of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in outdoor air from farmland area, air samples were collected using passive and active sample methods from April to November 2012, in an e-waste dismantling town in the Guangzhou region of South China. The sum of gaseous and particulate PBDE concentrations averaged 74.26 pg/m3 and ranged between 3.24 and 247.30 pg/m3, while the mean gaseous and particulate PBDEs were 19.20 and 55.07 pg/m3, respectively. The PBDE level was comparable to those in urban air of non-electric waste areas, but much lower than those in both indoor and outdoor air of e-waste dismantling workshop area...
January 27, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Men-Wen Chen, Bryan Angelo A Castillo, Din-Yan Lin, How-Ran Chao, Lemmuel L Tayo, Yan-You Gou, Fu-An Chen, Kuo-Lin Huang
This study investigates the congener-specific concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PBDD/Fs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in 25 breast milk samples from southern Taiwan. Most investigated congeners in Taiwanese breast milk are detectable except for PBDD/Fs. The geometric means of PCDD/Fs and PBDEs in the breast milk are 2.44 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g lipid and 2810 pg/g lipid. Several PCDD/F and PBDE congeners were highly correlated to each other like 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD and 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF (r = 0...
January 24, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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