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A Holma-Suutari, P Ruokojärvi, A A Komarov, D A Makarov, V V Ovcharenko, A N Panin, H Kiviranta, S Laaksonen, M Nieminen, M Viluksela, A Hallikainen
BACKGROUND: The Finnish and Russian animal species (semi-domesticated reindeer, Finnish wild moose, Baltic grey seal and Baltic herring) samples were biomonitored in terrestrial and aquatic environments for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs). RESULTS: Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) was clearly the most contaminated species. The mean PBDE concentration in grey seal was 115 ng/g fat, and the highest WHO-PCDD/F-PCB-TEQ (toxic equivalent set by WHO) was 327 pg/g fat...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Helena Bjermo, Marie Aune, Tatiana Cantillana, Anders Glynn, P Monica Lind, Peter Ridefelt, Per Ola Darnerud
The aim of this study was to investigate associations between serum concentrations of brominated flame retardants and personal characteristics, including diet, in adults participating in a population-based study in Sweden 2010-11. Moreover, observed concentrations were used in a health risk assessment, using published health-based reference values. Serum samples of 170 adult individuals of both sexes were analyzed for 10 PBDE congeners and HBCD by GC-MS. When including concentrations between LOD and LOQ, highest median serum concentration was observed for BDE-153 (1...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
Ye Yuan, John D Meeker, Kelly K Ferguson
Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) has been associated with various adverse health outcomes related to liver, neural and endocrine systems. Some of these may be the result of PBDE-induced oxidative stress or inflammation, but these associations have been explored minimally in humans. In the present study we examined the relationship between PBDE concentrations and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation measured in blood samples among a representative US sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
October 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Juan Chen, Chao Wang, Zhi-Jun Shen, Gui-Feng Gao, Hai-Lei Zheng
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become ubiquitous environmental contaminants, particularly in mangrove wetlands. However, little is known about the long-term effect of mangrove plants on PBDE removal from contaminated sediments. A 12-month microcosm experiment was conducted to understand the effect of two mangrove species, namely Avicennia marina (Am) and Aegiceras corniculatum (Ac), on PBDE removal from the sediments spiked with 2000ngg(-1) dry weight of BDE-47, and to explore the microbial mechanism responsible for the planting-induced effects on BDE-47 removal...
October 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Hidenori Matsukami, Go Suzuki, Masayuki Someya, Natsuyo Uchida, Nguyen Minh Tue, Le Huu Tuyen, Pham Hung Viet, Shin Takahashi, Shinsuke Tanabe, Hidetaka Takigami
We investigated the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and alternative flame retardants (FRs) in environmental samples collected in January 2012, 2013, and 2014 from an electronic waste-processing area in northern Vietnam. During the study period, PBDE and alternative FR concentrations in soils around the electronic waste-processing workshops ranged from 37 to 9200 ng g(-1) dry weight (dw) and from 35 to 24,000 ng g(-1) dw; the concentrations in soils around the open-burning sites ranged from 1...
October 8, 2016: Chemosphere
Yihui Zhou, Qiaofeng Chen, Xinyu Du, Ge Yin, Yanling Qiu, Lu Ye, Zhiliang Zhu, Jianfu Zhao
In this study, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) were analyzed in eleven freshwater fish species from Dianshan Lake, Shanghai, China. The highest concentrations of PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs were found in snakehead, with mean values of 38 ng g(-1) lw and 4.2 ng g(-1) lw, respectively. BDE-47 was the predominant congener of PBDEs, followed by BDE-154. Congener pattern variation of PBDEs was observed among different fish species, implying differences in biotransformation potential among fish...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Milou M L Dingemans, Marjolijn Kock, Martin van den Berg
At present, human risk assessment of the structurally similar non-dioxin-like (NDL) PCBs and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) is done independently for both groups of compounds. There are however obvious similarities between NDL-PCBs and PBDEs with regard to modulation of the intracellular calcium homeostasis (basal calcium levels, voltage-gated calcium channels, calcium uptake, ryanodine receptor) and thyroid hormone (TH) homeostasis (TH levels and transport). which are mechanisms of action related to neurobehavioral effects (spontaneous activity, habituation and learning ability)...
October 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
N Gottschall, E Topp, M Edwards, M Payne, S Kleywegt, D R Lapen
Dewatered municipal biosolids (DMB) were applied at a rate of 22Mgdwha(-1) to an agricultural field in fall 2008. Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs; BDE-47, -99, -100, -153, -154, -183, -197, -207, -209), other brominated flame retardants (BFRs; HBB, PBEB, DBDPE, BTBPE) and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs; PFHxS, PFOS, PFDS, PFOSA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnA, PFDoA, PFTA) were monitored in tile drainage, groundwater (2m, 4m and 6m depth), soil cores (0-0.3m) pre- and post-application, DMB aggregates incorporated into the soil post-application, and in wheat (Triticum spp...
September 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Kendra J Adams, Dennise Montero, Diana Aga, Francisco Fernandez-Lima
In this paper, high-resolution nano-electrospray ionization-trapped ion mobility spectrometry coupled to mass spectrometry (nESI-TIMS-MS) is used for the study of hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ether (OH-PBDE) metabolites. In particular, experimental ion-neutral collision cross sections (CCS) were measured for five structural OH-PBDE isomers using TIMS-MS. Candidate structures were proposed for each IMS band observed in good agreement with the experimental CCS measurements (5% error). The analytical power of TIMS-MS to baseline and partially separate structural isomers of OH-BDE in binary and ternary mixtures is shown for single charge species with a mobility resolving power of RIMS ~ 400...
September 2016: International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Bita Eslami, Kazem Naddafi, Noushin Rastkari, Batool Hossein Rashidi, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Hossein Malekafzali
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may play an important role in increasing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association between polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, 10 congeners) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs, 8 congeners) and GDM in primiparous women with no family history of diabetes in first-degree relatives during the third trimester of pregnancy...
September 15, 2016: Environmental Research
Qihang Wu, Haiyan Li, Dave T F Kuo, Shejun Chen, Bixian Mai, Huosheng Li, Zhineng Liu, Mingjun Deng, Haozhi Zhang, Xiaodong Hu, Xinhua Geng, Yongheng Chen
This study investigated the prevalence and abundance of halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) in sludge samples from 5 sewage treatment plants in Guangzhou, China. Detection of 18 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 9 alternative HFRs including Dechlorane Plus (DP), brominated alkylbenzenes, and polybrominated biphenyls, and 2 related degradation products was conducted. Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE 209) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) were the dominant HFRs, with concentrations ranging from 200 to 2150 ng/g and 680-27,400 ng/g, respectively...
September 14, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Mihriban Yılmaz Civan, U Merve Kara
Indoor dust samples were collected from 40 homes in Kocaeli, Turkey and were analyzed simultaneously for 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 16 poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) isomers. The total concentrations of PBDEs (Σ14PBDEs) ranged from 29.32 to 4790 ng g(-1), with a median of 316.1 ng g(-1), while the total indoor dust concentrations of 16 PAHs (Σ16PAHs) extending over three to four orders of magnitude ranged from 85.91 to 40,359 ng g(-1) with a median value of 2489 ng g(-1). Although deca-PBDE products (BDE-209) were the principal source of PBDEs contamination in the homes (median, 138...
September 9, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yaxian Zhao, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaofei Qin, Qinqin Lou, Zhanfen Qin
This study aimed to investigate the accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the brain compared with that in other tissues among different vertebrates. We collected mice, chickens, ducks, frogs, and fish from an e-waste recycling region in Taizhou, China, and measured PBDE concentrations in brain, liver and muscle tissues. The levels of PBDE in the tissues of mice, chickens, ducks, frogs and fish ranged 0.45-206, 0.06-18.8, 1.83-112, 2.75-108, and 0.02-32.0 ng/g wet weight, respectively. Preferential distribution in the liver and muscle relative to the brain was observed for PBDEs in mice, chickens, ducks and frogs...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Ángel García-Bermejo, Susana Mohr, Laura Herrero, María-José González, Belén Gómara
This paper reports on the optimization, characterization, and applicability of gas chromatography coupled to triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (GC-QqQ(MS/MS)) for the determination of 14 polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) and 2 emerging brominated flame retardants, 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE) and decabromodiphenylethane (DBDPE), in functional food samples. The method showed satisfactory precision and linearity with instrumental limits of detection (iLODs) ranging from 0.12 to 7...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Thomas J McGrath, Paul D Morrison, Christopher J Sandiford, Andrew S Ball, Bradley O Clarke
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used as flame retardants in a variety of materials and products. PBDEs have been shown to accumulate in the environment and human populations while exhibiting a range of toxic effects. In this study, surface soil samples from 30 sites in the city of Melbourne, Australia, were analysed for PBDEs. Eight congeners of environmental concern (BDE-28, -47, -99, -100, -153, -154 -183 and -209) were assessed using selective pressurized liquid extraction (S-PLE) and gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS)...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Stéphane Ploteau, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Christelle Volteau, Philippe Marchand, Anaïs Vénisseau, Vincent Vacher, Bruno Le Bizec
Several studies have assessed the potential role of environmental chemicals in the onset, growth, and/or physiopathology of endometriosis. However, their contour in terms of considered exposure markers remains limited. The present study aimed to characterize the internal exposure levels of 78 persistent organic pollutants (POPs, including dioxins, polychlorobiphenyls, brominated flame retardants and organochlorine pesticides) in a set of 113 adult French women (45 controls, 68 cases), and to characterize the distribution of these POPs within three biological compartments (omental adipose tissue, parietal adipose tissue, and serum)...
August 26, 2016: Environment International
Mamta Behl, Julie R Rice, Marjo V Smith, Caroll A Co, Matthew F Bridge, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Jonathan H Freedman, Windy A Boyd
With the phasing-out of the polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants due to concerns regarding their potential developmental toxicity, the use of replacement compounds such as organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) has increased. Limited toxicity data are currently available to estimate the potential adverse health effects of the OPFRs. The toxicological effects of 4 brominated flame retardants, including 3 PBDEs and 3,3',5,5'-tetrabromobisphenol A, were compared with 6 aromatic OPFRs and 2 aliphatic OPFRs...
August 26, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Un-Jung Kim, Byoung Chan Kim
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are group of chemicals which are representative persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and used as brominated flame retardants for many consumer products. PBDEs were phased out since 2009 but are still frequently observed in various environmental matrices and human body. Here, we report ssDNA aptamers which bind to BDE47, one of the PBDE congeners commonly found in various environmental matrices, and show affinity to other major tri-to hepta- BDE congeners. The PBDE specific aptamers were isolated from random library of ssDNA using Mag-SELEX...
September 14, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Jianqiang Sun, Qianwen Wang, Shulin Zhuang, Anping Zhang
This study investigated the occurrence of 8 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners from homes (n = 20), offices (n = 20), air conditioners (n = 6), and computers (n = 6). High detection frequencies for most of the congeners were observed, indicating continued widespread use of Penta-, Octa- and Deca-BDE mixtures. The median concentrations of ∑PBDEs were 119 and 194 pg m(-3) for home air and office air, respectively. Regarding dust, the median concentrations of ∑PBDEs were 239 and 437 ng g(-1) for home and office dust, respectively...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
T Kirchgeorg, A Dreyer, P Gabrielli, J Gabrieli, L G Thompson, C Barbante, R Ebinghaus
The seasonal accumulations of perfluorinated substances (PFAS), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were measured in a 10 m shallow firn core from a high altitude glacier at Mt. Ortles (Italy, 3830 m above sea level) in South Tyrol in the Italian Eastern Alps. The most abundant persistent organic pollutants of each group were perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) (for PFASs); BDE 47, BDE 99, BDE 209 (for PBDEs) and phenanthrene (PHE), fluoranthene (FLA) and pyrene (PYR) (for PAHs)...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
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