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Mahesh Tiwari, Sanjay Kumar Sahu, Rahul C Bhangare, P Y Ajmal, Gauri Girish Pandit
The levels of 15 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners in grab sediment and sediment cores from the Thane creek were monitored for their spatial and temporal distribution. Total PBDE (ΣPBDE) concentrations in grab sediments were ranging from 15.98 to 132.72 ng g-1 dry weight. BDE-209 was the most abundant congener with percentage contribution in the range of 19-35% to total PBDEs. Total PBDE show multimode concentration with depth in sediment, among which mode at a depth of 10 cm is predominant...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Ann M Vuong, Joseph M Braun, Glenys M Webster, R Thomas Zoeller, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Andreas Sjödin, Kimberly Yolton, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) reduce serum thyroid hormone concentrations in animal studies, but few studies have examined the impact of early-life PBDE exposures on thyroid hormone disruption in childhood. METHODS: We used data from 162 mother-child pairs from the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment Study (2003-2006, Cincinnati, OH). We measured PBDEs in maternal serum at 16 ± 3 weeks gestation and in child serum at 1-3 years...
May 19, 2018: Environment International
Whitney J Cowell, Amy Margolis, Virginia A Rauh, Andreas Sjödin, Richard Jones, Ya Wang, Wanda Garcia, Frederica Perera, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
BACKGROUND: Prenatal and childhood exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants has been inversely associated with cognitive performance, however, few studies have measured PBDE concentrations in samples collected during both prenatal and postnatal periods. METHODS: We examined prenatal (cord) and childhood (ages 2, 3, 5, 7 and 9 years) plasma PBDE concentrations in relation to memory outcomes assessed between the ages of 9 and 14 years...
May 19, 2018: Environment International
Cindy Yanfei Li, Joseph L Dempsey, Dongfang Wang, SooWan Lee, Kris M Weigel, Qiang Fei, Deepak Kumar Bhatt, Bhagwat Prasad, Daniel Raftery, Haiwei Gu, Julia Yue Cui
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent environmental contaminants with well-characterized toxicities in host organs. Gut microbiome is increasingly recognized as an important regulator of xenobiotic biotransformation; however, little is known about its interactions with PBDEs. Primary bile acids (BAs) are metabolized by the gut microbiome into more lipophilic secondary BAs that may be absorbed and interact with certain host receptors. The goal of this study was to test our hypothesis that PBDEs cause dysbiosis and aberrant regulation of BA homeostasis...
May 16, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Mohammed A Khairy, Rainer Lohmann
There is scant information on the presence of the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other alternative flame-retardants (NFRs) in Africa. Hence, to investigate their levels, sources, and human exposure scenarios, elevated fine dust (EFD) samples from apartments (n = 12), working places (n = 9) and cars (n = 12), floor dust (FD) samples (n = 5) and outdoor dust samples (n = 21) were collected from Alexandria, Egypt, during 2014. Gaseous concentrations were estimated using low density polyethylene sheets (n = 33 and 21 for indoor and outdoor sites, respectively)...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Fiona Wong, Cynthia A de Wit, Seth R Newton
We investigated the concentrations and temporal variability of organophospate esters (OPEs), halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in indoor and outdoor urban air in Stockholm, Sweden over one year (2014-2015) period. The median concentrations of the three target chemical groups (OPEs, HFRs, PBDEs) were 1-2 orders of magnitude higher in indoor air than outdoor urban air. OPEs were the most abundant target FRs with median concentrations in indoor (Σ10 OPE = 340 000 pg/m3 ) and outdoor urban (Σ10 OPEs = 3100 pg/m3 ) air, being 3 orders of magnitude greater than for HFRs in indoor (Σ15 HFRs = 120 pg/m3 ) and outdoor urban (Σ15 HFRs = 1...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Limei Chen, Caifeng Wang, Yan Zhang, Yijun Zhou, Rong Shi, Chang Cui, Yu Gao, Ying Tian
We explored whether polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposed in cord blood could have any potential relationship with perinatal outcomes. Participants were pregnant females (n = 222) who were recruited from a prospective birth cohort (Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort, LWBC) between September 2010 and February 2012. We measured eight PBDE congeners (BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183) in cord serum and examined their relationship with perinatal outcomes. The median levels of BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183 were 2...
May 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiang Wu, Wei Wang, Lizhong Zhu
The mechanism of enhanced accumulation of organic contaminants in crops with engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) were investigated by co-exposure of crops (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk (Swamp morning-glory), Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), Zea mays L. (corn), Spinacia oleracea L. (spinach) and Cucurbita moschata (pumpkin))to a range of chemicals (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)) and ENMs (TiO2 , Ag, Al2 O3 , graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs)) in soil...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Sabrina Gravel, Jérôme Lavoué, France Labrèche
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are flame retardants commonly found in many household and industrial products. They can be detected in the serum of the general population, and in even higher concentrations in workers of certain industries, due to an additional occupational exposure. The purpose of this analysis is to determine background exposure levels of PBDEs in the general working population, using national surveys where working status was self-reported. Participants aged 20-65 were selected from the 2003-2004 U...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Sara E Cade, Li-Jung Kuo, Irvin R Schultz
Synthetic polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants and known to occur in most food items. Consumer fish products have been identified as having some of the highest PBDE levels found in USA food sources. Natural formation of hydroxylated (OH-) and methoxylated (MeO-) PBDEs are also known to occur in simple marine organisms, which may be bioaccumulated by seafood. In this study, we report findings of an initial survey of PBDE, OH-PBDE and MeO-PBDE content in common seafood items available to residents living in the Puget Sound region of Washington State...
July 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
A Zaccaroni, R Andreini, S Franzellitti, D Barceló, E Eljarrat
In recent years, decline of marine mammals' populations and increased frequency of strandings have arised the interest on the role that pollution may have in these events. The present work aimed at quantifying levels of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and dechloranes (DECs) in tissues of 3 adult females and one foetus of sperm whales stranded in the Southern Adriatic Sea coasts (Italy). Results proved the presence of different flame retardants (FRs) in tissues of sperm whales, including various polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) congeners (47, 99, 100, 154, entering the composition of PentaBDE mixture), hexabromocyclodecanes (HBCDs), Dec 602 and methoxylated polibrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-BDEs)...
April 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Shigeyuki Kitamura
 The endocrine-disrupting activities of various environmental chemicals are metabolically activated. For example, diphenyls, styrene oligomers, chalcones, trans-stilbene and 2-nitrofluorene are not estrogens, but after incubation with liver microsomes, their metabolites show estrogenic activities. Thus, these chemicals are estrogenically activated by the cytochrome P450 system. In contrast, the antiandrogenic activity of fenthion, an organophosphorus insecticide, is abolished after metabolism to sulfoxide and sulfone derivatives...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Brianne K Soulen, Barney J Venables, David W Johnston, Aaron P Roberts
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are highly lipophilic components of brominated flame retardants that are environmentally persistent and bioaccumulate. PBDEs are taken up from the gastrointestinal tract and accumulate mainly in fat depots and liver tissues. Seal species inhabiting Arctic and sub-Arctic regions can have upwards of 30% of their body mass composed of blubber. When those blubber stores are mobilized for energy, stored toxicants are also released into circulation. Most studies reporting accumulation of PBDEs in seals have focused on harbor and grey seals with few examining harp and hooded seals...
April 22, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Carla Ng, Amélie Ritscher, Konrad Hungerbuehler, Natalie von Goetz
Food is an important source of human exposure to hazardous chemicals. Chemical concentration in a food item depends on local environmental contamination, production conditions, and, for animal-derived foods, on feed. Here, we investigate these influences on the accumulation of individual polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners (PBDEs) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). We develop a dynamic model over a full sea-cage salmon production cycle. To assess the influence of metabolic debromination on PBDE congener profiles, in vitro measurements of debromination rates in fish liver cells were extrapolated to whole-body metabolic rate constants...
April 26, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Dong Niu, Yanling Qiu, Li Li, Yihui Zhou, Xinyu Du, Zhiliang Zhu, Ling Chen, Zhifen Lin
House dust is the main source of human exposure to flame retardants by ingestion. This study investigated the occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in indoor dust from 22 houses in Shanghai, China. House dust was separately collected from the floor and elevated furnishings surface (mostly between 0.5 and 2 m height) for comparison. The concentrations of ∑22 PBDEs ranged from 19.4 to 3280 ng/g (with a geometric mean of 203 ng/g) and from 55.1 to 792 ng/g (with a geometric mean of 166 ng/g) in floor dust (FD) and elevated surface dust (ESD), respectively...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Junqi Li, Zheng Dong, Ying Wang, Junsong Bao, Yijun Yan, Anming Liu, Jun Jin
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) can accumulate in humans and are associated with adverse health effects. The study was conducted to determine the differences in Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and alternative brominated flame retardant (Alt-BFR) concentrations between men and women. We analyzed hair samples from 14 male and 20 female university students, paired dust samples from their dormitories (10 for males and 8 for females), and six dust samples from university teaching buildings. The total PBDE concentrations in hair from females were significantly (three times) higher (p = 0...
April 16, 2018: Chemosphere
Hyo Jin Lee, Hae Jin Jeong, Yu Lee Jang, Gi Beum Kim
We investigated the effect of sewage treatment plant effluent on the distribution and accumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the marine environment. PBDEs concentrations in seawater and surface sediments were within the ranges 1.58-6.94 ng/L and 2.18-307 ng/g dw, respectively. PBDE concentrations in sediments gradually decreased with increasing distance from inner bay including the sewage outfall. The contribution of effluent to PBDE distributions was very limited. The concentrations of PBDEs in sediment core decreased exponentially with increasing depth...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Jin Pei, Hong Yao, Hui Wang, Huayu Li, Shuang Lu, Xu Zhang, Xinxin Xiang
Fourteen polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners were measured in water, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and sediment samples collected from the entire expanse of the Yellow River in dry and wet seasons. Higher concentrations of PBDEs were found in the middle and lower reaches of the river compared with those in the upper reaches, ascribed to the relatively developed and urbanized cities located in the areas near the middle and lower reaches. The PBDE concentrations in the samples collected during the dry season were lower than those in the samples collected during the wet season because of thaw and rainfall...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ana Sanchis, J-Pablo Salvador, Katrina Campbell, Christopher T Elliott, Weilin L Shelver, Qing X Li, M-Pilar Marco
The development of a fluorescent multiplexed microarray platform able to detect and quantify a wide variety of pollutants in seawater is reported. The microarray platform has been manufactured by spotting 6 different bioconjugate competitors and it uses a cocktail of 6 monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies raised against important families of chemical pollutants such as triazine biocide (i.e. Irgarol 1051®), sulfonamide and chloramphenicol antibiotics, polybrominated diphenyl ether flame-retardant (PBDE, i.e...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Mengnan Lu, Tianwu Lv, Ying Li, Zheng Peng, Giovanni Cagnetta, Shouxiang Sheng, Jun Huang, Gang Yu, Roland Weber
The destruction of persistent organic pollutants(POPs) is a large challenge in particular in developing and emerging economies.
April 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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