Read by QxMD icon Read

Metabolic syndrom

Michael B Cook, Jennifer Drahos, Shannon Wood, Lindsey Enewold, Ruth Parsons, Neal D Freedman, Philip R Taylor, Winnie Ricker, Christian C Abnet
BACKGROUND: The absolute risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) among individuals with Barrett's oesophagus (BE) is low and a majority of EA cases are diagnosed among individuals with no prior BE diagnosis. To ensure that insights from EA case-control studies are transferable to clinical management of BE populations, we conducted a case-case study to compare the clinical presentation, medical history and survival of EA cases with and without a prior BE diagnosis in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Medicare database...
October 25, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Masaya Kozono, Hirofumi Uto, Rie Ibusuki, Shiho Arima, Kohei Oda, Hiroki Taguchi, Fumisato Sasaki, Yuichiro Nasu, Shinichi Hashimoto, Hitoshi Setoyama, Shuji Kanmura, Masatsugu Numata, Hirohito Tsubouchi, Akio Ido
Metabolic syndrome based on insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension is a risk factor for advanced liver disease and cardiovascular disease in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The present study investigated the effects of severe hypertension induced by a high‑salt (HS) diet and antihypertensive therapy on the pathophysiological condition of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) with steatohepatitis. Steatohepatitis was induced using a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined diet (CDAA)...
October 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yu Wu, Bin Yue, Jia Liu
Obesity is characterized by the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health and extensive increase in body mass index (BMI). Childhood obesity may occur due to disturbances in metabolic regulation, which lead to metabolic syndrome and other diseases. Peripheral blood suspended immune cells are responsible for immune surveillance. The aim of the present study was to map the inflammatory cytokine expression pattern of isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stress in vitro and clinical chemistry parameters in the plasma of subjects...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Juan M González-Morena, María I Montañez, Giancarlo Aldini, Francisco J Sánchez-Gómez, Dolores Pérez-Sala
Drug hypersensitivity reactions result from the activation of the immune system by drugs or their metabolites. The clinical presentations of drug hypersensitivity can range from relatively mild local manifestations to severe systemic syndromes that can be life-threatening. As in other allergic reactions, the causes are multifactorial as genetic, metabolic and concomitant factors may influence the occurrence of drug hypersensitivity. Formation of drug protein adducts is considered a key step in drug adverse reactions, and in particular in the immunological recognition in drug hypersensitivity reactions...
September 27, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Gloria Queipo-Garcia, Flor Alvarez-Huerta, Mayra Bustos-Esquivel, Erendira Villanueva-Ortega, Fernando Ramirez, Mireya Leon, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje, Ravindranath Duggirala, Teresa Macias, Sergio Cuevas, Abel Jalife, Miguel Fonseca-Sanchez, Fabiola Serratos, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga
CONTEXT: Insulin resistance precedes metabolic syndrome abnormalities and may promote cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in children with obesity. Results of lifestyle modification programs have been discouraging, and the use of adjuvant strategies has been necessary. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of metformin and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on insulin sensitivity, measured via euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp technique and insulin pathway expression molecules in muscle biopsies of children with obesity...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Richard S Legro, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, Eleanor Brindle, Hubert W Vesper, Julianne C Botelho, Peter A Lee, William C Dodson
CONTEXT: Daughters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are thought to be at increased risk for developing stigmata of the syndrome, but the ontogeny during puberty is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To phenotype daughters (N = 76) of mothers with PCOS and daughters (N = 80) from control mothers for reproductive and metabolic parameters characteristic of PCOS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Matched Case/Control Study, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Non-Hispanic, Caucasian girls age 4-17 INTERVENTION: Obtain birth history, biometric, ovarian ultrasounds, whole body DXA scan for body composition, 2 hour glucose challenged salivary insulin levels and two timed urinary collections (12 hours overnight and 3 hours AM) for gonadotropins and sex steroids...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Yung-Mei Chao, You-Lin Tain, Steve Leu, Kay L H Wu, Wei-Chia Lee, Julie Y H Chan
Excessive fructose intake is related to a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, while little attention has been paid to the impact of maternal high-fructose (HF) intake on the development of metabolic syndrome and organ-specific transcriptome alterations in the offspring. We utilized RNA next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology to analyze the transcriptome expression in four organs (kidney, brain, heart, and urinary bladder) from 1-day, 3-week, and 3-month-old male offspring exposed to maternal HF diet...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Abdoulaye Diane, W David Pierce, Sandra E Kelly, Sharon Sokolik, Faye Borthwick, Miriam Jacome-Sosa, Rabban Mangat, Jesus Miguel Pradillo, Stuart McRae Allan, Megan R Ruth, Catherine J Field, Rebecca Hutcheson, Petra Rocic, James C Russell, Donna F Vine, Spencer D Proctor
Obesity and its metabolic complications have emerged as the epidemic of the new millennia. The use of obese rodent models continues to be a productive component of efforts to understand the concomitant metabolic complications of this disease. In 1978, the JCR:LA-cp rat model was developed with an autosomal recessive corpulent (cp) trait resulting from a premature stop codon in the extracellular domain of the leptin receptor. Rats that are heterozygous for the cp trait are lean-prone, while those that are homozygous (cp/cp) spontaneously display the pathophysiology of obesity as well as a metabolic syndrome (MetS)-like phenotype...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
Jordan J Nostedt, Noah J Switzer, Richdeep S Gill, Jerry Dang, Daniel W Birch, Christopher de Gara, Robert J Bailey, Shahzeer Karmali
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is becoming one of the most common causes of liver disease in the western world. The most significant risk factors are obesity and the metabolic syndrome for which bariatric surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment. However, the effects of bariatric surgery on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, specifically liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, are not well established. We review published bariatric surgery outcomes with respect to nonalcoholic liver disease. On the basis of this review we suggest that bariatric surgery may provide a viable treatment option for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, including patients with fibrosis and compensated cirrhosis, and that this topic should be a target of future investigation...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jun Woo Kim, Sang Hoo Park, Yoojin Kim, Minji Im, Heon-Seok Han
PURPOSE: The prevalence rates of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and percentile distribution of insulin resistance (IR) among Korean children and adolescents were investigated. The cutoff values of IR were calculated to identify high-risk MetS groups. METHODS: Data from 3,313 Korean subjects (1,756 boys and 1,557 girls, aged 10-18 years) were included from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2007-2010. Three different sets of criteria for MetS were used...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Chong Kun Cheon
The Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a human imprinting disorder resulting from genomic alterations that inactivate imprinted, paternally expressed genes in human chromosome region 15q11-q13. This genetic condition appears to be a contiguous gene syndrome caused by the loss of at least 2 of a number of genes expressed exclusively from the paternal allele, including SNRPN, MKRN3, MAGEL2, NDN and several snoRNAs, but it is not yet well known which specific genes in this region are associated with this syndrome...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Min-Jae Lee, Dong-Ho Park, Ju-Hee Kang
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that contain molecules that regulate the metabolic functions of adjacent or remote cells. Recent in vitro, in vivo and clinical studies support the hypothesis that exosomes released from various cell types play roles in the progression of metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes. Based on this concept and advances in other diseases, the proteins, mRNA, microRNA and lipids in exosomes isolated from biological fluids have been proposed as biomarkers in metabolic disorders...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Ramin Heshmat, Gita Shafiee, Mostafa Qorbani, Fatemeh Azizi-Soleiman, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Zeinab Ahadi, Omid Safari, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
Introduction: Current evidence suggests that ghrelin could contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults, but limited experience exists in adolescents. This study aims to explore the association of ghrelin levels with the MetS components among Iranian adolescents. Methods: In this case-control study, 32 adolescents with MetS and 148 healthy controls were selected randomly from the childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Tarek K Motawi, Olfat G Shaker, Nancy N Shahin, Nancy M Ahmed
BACKGROUND: According to the WHO report in 2015, obesity is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide, and the prevalence of Egyptian female obesity is 37.5 %. Since obesity is highly influenced by genetics, and adipose tissue renin-angiotensin system is over-activated in obesity, the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism on obesity and related disorders was studied in several populations, because of its effect on ACE activity. Our objective was to study the association of ACE I/D polymorphism with obesity and certain related disorders, namely hypertension, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, in Egyptian females...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
Mashael K Alshaikh, Filippos T Filippidis, Juren P Baldove, Azeem Majeed, Salman Rawaf
Background. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in Saudi Arabia. Saudi women in particular are more susceptible as there are sociocultural restrictions on female physical activities that may lead to high prevalence of CVD risks, especially obesity, and physical inactivity. This study aims to systematically review the published articles related to the prevalence of CVD risk among women in Saudi Arabia. The search strategy covers all published articles that assess the risk factor of CVD in Saudi Arabia from January 2000 to December 2015, using the following sources: Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Shuaihua Pu, Hamidreza Khazanehei, Peter J Jones, Ehsan Khafipour
Long-term dietary fatty acid intake is believed to induce changes in the human gut microbiome which might be associated with human health or obesity status; however, considerable debate remains regarding the most favorable ratios of fatty acids to optimize these processes. The objective of this sub-study of a double-blinded randomized crossover clinical study, the canola oil multi-center intervention trial, was to investigate effects of five different novel oil blends fed for 30 days each on the intestinal microbiota in 25 volunteers with risk of metabolic syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Amiya Kumar Ghosh, Theresa Mau, Martin O'Brien, Sanjay Garg, Raymond Yung
Adipose tissue dysfunction in aging is associated with inflammation, metabolic syndrome and other diseases. We propose that impaired protein homeostasis due to compromised lysosomal degradation (micro-autophagy) might promote aberrant ER stress response and inflammation in aging adipose tissue. Using C57BL/6 mouse model, we demonstrate that adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells from old (18-20 months) mice have reduced expression of autophagy markers as compared to the younger (4-6 months) cohort...
October 24, 2016: Aging
Bernhard Rauch, Constantinos H Davos, Patrick Doherty, Daniel Saure, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Annett Salzwedel, Heinz Völler, Katrin Jensen, Jean-Paul Schmid
BACKGROUND: The prognostic effect of multi-component cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in the modern era of statins and acute revascularisation remains controversial. Focusing on actual clinical practice, the aim was to evaluate the effect of CR on total mortality and other clinical endpoints after an acute coronary event. DESIGN: Structured review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), retrospective controlled cohort studies (rCCSs) and prospective controlled cohort studies (pCCSs) evaluating patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or mixed populations with coronary artery disease (CAD) were included, provided the index event was in 1995 or later...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Leticia Gomez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, M Carmen Patino-Alonso, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Rigo Fernando, Ruth Marti, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Rafel Ramos, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
BACKGROUND: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) can reflect both central and peripheral arterial stiffness. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components may increase arterial stiffness and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, the correlation of MetS and its components with arterial stiffness is still not clear. The primary aim of this study is thus the relationship using baPWV and CAVI in Caucasian adults with intermediate cardiovascular risk...
October 24, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Isabel E Kenny, Sahrai Saeed, Eva Gerdts, Helga Midtbø, Hilde Halland, Mai T Lønnebakken
BACKGROUND: Masked hypertension (MHT), defined as normal office blood pressure (BP) but high ambulatory BP, has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Although MHT has been associated with obesity, there is limited knowledge on the prevalence and covariates of MHT in obese cohorts. METHODS: Office and ambulatory BP recordings and other cardiovascular risk factors were assessed in 323 obese participants included in the fat-associated cardiovascular dysfunction study (mean age 48...
October 21, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"