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Hexachlorobenzene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336095/chlorinated-pesticides-and-natural-brominated-anisoles-in-air-at-three-northern-baltic-stations
#1
Terry F Bidleman, Hjalmar Laudon, Olle Nygren, Staffan Svanberg, Mats Tysklind
Polyurethane foam (PUF) disk passive samplers were deployed at one inland and two island locations in the Bothnian Bay region of the northern Baltic Sea. Uptake was linear over 81-147 d and a temperature range of -2.6 to 14.2 °C for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and current-use pesticides (CUPs) having log KOA ≥9 at ambient temperatures. Partial saturation of the PUF disks occurred for the more volatile OCPs hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and for bromoanisoles (BAs), which are products of bromophenols released by natural and anthropogenic sources...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332723/evidence-for-persistent-organochlorine-pollutants-in-the-human-adrenal-cortex
#2
Enza Fommei, Roberta Turci, Andrea Ripoli, Silvana Balzan, Fabrizio Bianchi, Luca Morelli, Alessio Coi
Environmental pollutants may act as endocrine disruptors in animals. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) enter the food chain and may accumulate in the fatty animal tissues, including adrenals. To our knowledge, no previous study has investigated their presence in the human normal adrenal (NA) cortex and aldosterone-producing adenomas (APA). Surgical fragments of APA from 11 patients and NA from 8 kidney donors were analyzed for 16 PCBs congeners and 10 OCPs. A Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion (MSPD) method for simultaneous determination of the target compounds in cortex homogenates was developed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329713/pcbs-and-ocps-in-human-milk-in-eastern-siberia-russia-levels-temporal-trends-and-infant-exposure-assessment
#3
Elena A Mamontova, Eugenia N Tarasova, Alexander A Mamontov
The aim of our study is to investigate the spatial distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p'-DDT) and its metabolites, α- and γ-isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) in 155 samples of human milk (HM) from Eastern Siberia (six towns and seven villages in Irkutsk Region, one village of the Republic of Buryatia and one town in Zabaikal'sk Region, Russia), and to examine the dietary and social factors influencing the human exposure to the organochlorines...
March 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325703/investigation-of-sewage-sludge-treatment-using-air-plasma-assisted-gasification
#4
Nerijus Striūgas, Vitas Valinčius, Nerijus Pedišius, Robertas Poškas, Kęstutis Zakarauskas
This study presents an experimental investigation of downdraft gasification process coupled with a secondary thermal plasma reactor in order to perform experimental investigations of sewage sludge gasification, and compare process parameters running the system with and without the secondary thermal plasma reactor. The experimental investigation were performed with non-pelletized mixture of dried sewage sludge and wood pellets. To estimate the process performance, the composition of the producer gas, tars, particle matter, producer gas and char yield were measured at the exit of the gasification and plasma reactor...
March 18, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316049/structure-and-function-of-the-bacterial-communities-during-rhizoremediation-of-hexachlorobenzene-in-constructed-wetlands
#5
Cuiping Zhang, Bei Wang, Xiaoyan Dai, Shuying Li, Guangqiu Lu, Yuanqing Zhou
Vertical flow constructed wetlands (VF CWs) are considered to be effective for treating organic pollutants. The rhizosphere of macrophytes such as Phragmites sp., Typha sp. serves as an active and dynamic zone for the microbial degradation of organic pollutants. However, it is still not clear how soil bacterial communities respond to macrophytes and pollutants during the process. For this purpose, the seedlings of Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia were planted respectively in the VF CWs added with HCB at a dose of 2 mg/kg...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314123/which-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-the-rivers-of-the-bohai-region-of-china-represent-the-greatest-risk-to-the-local-ecosystem
#6
Yueqing Zhang, Andrew C Johnson, Chao Su, Meng Zhang, Monika D Jürgens, Yajuan Shi, Yonglong Lu
Freshwater aquatic organisms can be exposed to hundreds of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) discharged by natural and anthropogenic activities. Given our limited resources it is necessary to identify, from the existing evidence, which is the greatest threat so that control measures can be targeted wisely. The focus of this study was to rank POPs according to the relative risk they represent for aquatic organisms in rivers in the Bohai Region, China. A list of 14 POPs was compiled based on the available data on their presence in these rivers and ecotoxicological data...
February 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301833/persistent-environmental-toxicants-in-breast-milk-and-rapid-infant-growth
#7
Rachel Criswell, Virissa Lenters, Siddhartha Mandal, Hein Stigum, Nina Iszatt, Merete Eggesbø
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many environmental toxicants are passed to infants in utero and through breast milk. Exposure to toxicants during the perinatal period can alter growth patterns, impairing growth or increasing obesity risk. Previous studies have focused on only a few toxicants at a time, which may confound results. We investigated levels of 26 toxicants in breast milk and their associations with rapid infant growth, a risk factor for later obesity. METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian HUMIS study, a multi-center cohort of 2,606 mothers and newborns enrolled between 2002 and 2008...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288427/the-trophic-transfer-of-persistent-pollutants-hcb-ddts-pcbs-within-polar-marine-food-webs
#8
Simonetta Corsolini, Gianluca Sarà
Biomagnification (increase in contaminant concentrations at successively higher levels of trophic web), is a process that can transversally impair biodiversity and human health. Most research shows that biomagnification should be higher at poles with northern sites having a major tendency to biomagnify Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) through their marine food webs. We investigated the biomagnification degree into two marine trophic webs combining carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes and POP analyses. We showed that the Antarctic trophic web was more depleted than the sub-Arctic one and the differences highlighted for the basal part could explain the difference in length between them...
February 23, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284726/endocrine-disrupting-compounds-modulates-adiponectin-secretion-expression-of-its-receptors-and-action-on-steroidogenesis-in-ovarian-follicle
#9
Agnieszka Rak, Karolina Zajda, Ewa Łucja Gregoraszczuk
We determined the effect of dioxin-like polychlorinated naphtalenes (PCN) (Halowax 1051) (100pg/ml), benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] (2.5ng/ml), hexachlorobenzene (HCBz) (0.2ng/ml) and non-dioxin like polybrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-47) (25ng/ml) and bisphenol A (BPA) (20ng/ml) on ovarian adiponectin secretion (ELISA) and its receptors expression (Western blot). Ovarian cells co-culture was used to examine action of endocrine disruptors (EDCs) on adiponectin (10μg/ml) stimulated steroidogenesis. B(a)P, HCBz, testosterone (T) decreased adiponectin secretion and receptors expression, BPA, BDE-47, estradiol (E2) had the opposite effect, while PCN had inhibitory effect only on adiponectin secretion...
March 8, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277312/organochlorinated-pesticides-levels-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-spanish-adult-population-the-bioambient-es-project
#10
Juan José Ramos, Olga Huetos, Sara González, Marta Esteban, Eva Calvo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Argelia Castaño
Organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs) were measured in a representative sample of Spanish adults within the Bioambient.es project, a nationwide human biomonitoring program promoted by Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. The objective of Bioambient.es is to establish reference levels of environmental pollutants in the general population. Participants were recruited in 2009-2010 during their annual medical examination at work. Serum levels of thirteen OCPs were investigated: Aldrin, endrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, heptachlor-epoxide, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylenes (DDEs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) The highest concentrations were observed for DDE, HCB and β-HCH...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273534/levels-and-profiles-of-organohalogenated-contaminants-in-human-blood-from-egypt
#11
Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Amen Hamdy Zaky, Adrian Covaci
Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and some organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were determined in serum of Egyptian colorectal cancer patients (n = 35) and compared to a healthy control group (n = 32). p,p'-DDE (the major metabolite of DDT) was the most frequently detected contaminant with the highest concentration (median = 131 ng/g lw) in all studied serum samples. BDE-209 was the least frequently detected contaminant with a median concentration <0...
March 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238380/organochlorine-pesticide-concentrations-in-pooled-serum-of-people-in-different-age-groups-from-five-chinese-cities
#12
Qinghua Wang, Haodong Yuan, Jun Jin, Peng Li, Yulong Ma, Ying Wang
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were determined in human serum samples pooled by donor age (≥60, 50-59, 40-49, 30-39, and 20-29y). The pooled samples were supplied by hospitals in five Chinese cities, Yitong (Jilin Province), Weifang (Shandong Province), Ganzi (Sichuan Province), Huaihua (Hunan Province), and Lingshui (Hainan Province). p,p'-Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), and endosulfan I were the dominant OCPs in the serum samples. The total OCP concentrations and individual concentrations of p,p'-DDE, HCB, and β-HCH were relatively high compared with concentrations that have been found in other parts of the world...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219247/addressing-analytical-challenges-of-the-environmental-monitoring-for-the-water-framework-directive-erm-ce100-a-new-biota-certified-reference-material
#13
Ioannis Dosis, Marina Ricci, Laszlo Majoros, Roberto Lava, Håkan Emteborg, Andrea Held, Hendrik Emons
In the context of supporting the EU Member States in the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), a project for the production of a fish reference material (ERM-CE100) certified for its content of the two priority substances hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) was carried out at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. The starting material was naturally contaminated Wels catfish (Silurus glanis), caught in the Ebro River (Spain). A novel approach for the processing of the fish was tested that resulted in a homogeneous and stable reference material in the form of a wet paste...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215542/hexachlorobenzene-alters-cell-cycle-by-regulating-p27-cyclin-e-cdk2-and-c-src-p27-protein-complexes
#14
C Ventura, M Núñez, V Gaido, C Pontillo, N Miret, A Randi, C Cocca
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is an organochlorine pollutant widely distributed in the environment around the entire world. Previous reports from our group and others have demonstrated that this compound is as an endocrine disruptor. We have also reported that HCB presents a co-carcinogenic effect in N-Nitroso-N-methyl-urea-induced mammary tumours in rats. In this work, we studied the effects of HCB on cell cycle progression and cell cycle regulating protein expression in the estrogen-sensitive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7...
March 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189073/lower-levels-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-metals-and-the-marine-omega-3-fatty-acid-dha-in-farmed-compared-to-wild-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#15
Anne-Katrine Lundebye, Erik-Jan Lock, Josef D Rasinger, Ole Jakob Nøstbakken, Rita Hannisdal, Egil Karlsbakk, Vidar Wennevik, Abdullah S Madhun, Lise Madsen, Ingvild Eide Graff, Robin Ørnsrud
Contaminants and fatty acid levels in farmed- versus wild Atlantic salmon have been a hot topic of debate in terms of food safety. The present study determined dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), metals and fatty acids in wild and farmed Atlantic salmon. Contaminant levels of dioxins, PCBs, OCPs (DDT, dieldrin, lindane, chlordane, Mirex, and toxaphene), and mercury were higher in wild salmon than in farmed salmon, as were the concentrations of the essential elements selenium, copper, zinc and iron, and the marine omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
May 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188482/isolation-of-pseudomonas-fluorescens-species-highly-resistant-to-pentachlorobenzene
#16
Itxaso Montánchez, Anna Chao Kaberdina, Elena Sevillano, Lucía Gallego, Susana Rodríguez-Couto, Vladimir R Kaberdin
Polychlorinated aromatic compounds, including pentachlorobenzenes and hexachlorobenzenes, are recalcitrant industrial pollutants that cause adverse effects on living cells. In this paper, the isolation of Pseudomonas fluorescens species with high resistance to pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) is reported. It was found that, in contrast to its slightly negative effect on P. fluorescens growth, PeCB readily inhibited the cell growth of Serratia spp. and Escherichia coli strains, thus indicating that inhibition of bacterial growth by PeCB is species-dependent...
February 10, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160993/three-cycles-of-human-biomonitoring-in-flanders-time-trends-observed-in-the-flemish-environment-and-health-study
#17
Greet Schoeters, Eva Govarts, Liesbeth Bruckers, Elly Den Hond, Vera Nelen, Stefaan De Henauw, Isabelle Sioen, Tim S Nawrot, Michelle Plusquin, Annette Vriens, Adrian Covaci, Ilse Loots, Bert Morrens, Dries Coertjens, Nicolas Van Larebeke, Sam De Craemer, Kim Croes, Nathalie Lambrechts, Ann Colles, Willy Baeyens
To follow time trends in exposure to environmental chemicals, three successive campaigns of the Flemish Environment and Health Study (FLEHS) have recruited and sampled in total 5825 participants between 2002 and 2014. Cord samples from newborns, urine and blood samples from 14 to 15 years old adolescents and from adults between 50 and 65 years old were analysed in geographical representative samples of the Flemish population. The data of the different campaigns were considered per age group and per biomarker after adjustment for predefined covariates to take into account differences in characteristics of the study populations over time...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157607/temporal-occurrence-and-sources-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-suspended-particulate-matter-from-the-most-heavily-polluted-river-mouth-of-lake-chaohu-china
#18
Cheng Liu, Lei Zhang, Chengxin Fan, Fuliu Xu, Kaining Chen, Xiaozhi Gu
The Nanfei River is by many measures the most heavily polluted tributary to Lake Chaohu. In this study, the temporal occurrence and sources of four classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), in suspended particulate matter (SPM) from the river mouth were investigated monthly during 2014. Results show that concentrations of all four POPs in SPM were higher than those in the sediment of Lake Chaohu...
May 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135664/reductive-dechlorination-of-hexachlorobenzene-subjected-to-several-conditions-in-a-bioelectrochemical-system
#19
Hui Wang, Shuyu Yi, Xian Cao, Zhou Fang, Xianning Li
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a very promising way to remove organic pollutants. Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is a widely used agricultural pesticide. In this study, single-chamber and membrane-less soil MFCs were constructed. The HCB was degraded to pentachlorobenzene (PeCB), tetrachlorobenzene (TeCB), and trichlorobenzene (TCB) in sequence by a reductive dechlorination process in soil MFCs. The influences of the external resistance, concentration of phosphate buffer, and electrode spacing in soil MFCs on the degradation rate and removal efficiency of HCB were analyzed...
January 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100418/persistent-organic-pollutants-in-the-atlantic-and-southern-oceans-and-oceanic-atmosphere
#20
Jenna L Luek, Rebecca M Dickhut, Michele A Cochran, Renee L Falconer, Henrik Kylin
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) continue to cycle through the atmosphere and hydrosphere despite banned or severely restricted usages. Global scale analyses of POPs are challenging, but knowledge of the current distribution of these compounds is needed to understand the movement and long-term consequences of their global use. In the current study, air and seawater samples were collected Oct. 2007-Jan. 2008 aboard the Icebreaker Oden en route from Göteborg, Sweden to McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Both air and surface seawater samples consistently contained α-hexachlorocyclohexane (α-HCH), γ-HCH, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), α-Endosulfan, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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