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Chun-Hsien Chen, Yu-Ying Chao, Yi-Hui Lin, Yen-Ling Chen
The on-line preconcentration technique of field-enhanced sample stacking and sweeping (FESS-sweeping) are combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) to monitor the concentrations of finasteride, which is used in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, and its metabolite, finasteride carboxylic acid (M3), in urine samples. DLLME is used to concentrate and eliminate the interferences of urine samples and uses chloroform as an extracting solvent and acetonitrile as a disperser solvent. A high conductivity buffer (HCB) was introduced into capillary and then sample plug (90...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Ana Folch Ayora, Loreto Macia-Soler, María Isabel Orts-Cortés, Carmen Hernández, Nuria Seijas-Babot
The aim of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to discuss the different tools available for its assessment. The most widely used assessments are the St. George respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ) and the COPD assessment test (CAT) questionnaire. Both have a different difficulty in exam completion, calculation, and scoring. No studies exist that analyze the validity and internal consistency of using both questionnaires on patients admitted to the hospital for a COPD exacerbation...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Ana Laura Calderón-Garcidueñas, Stefan M Waliszewski, Rubén Ruiz-Ramos, María Del Carmen Martinez-Valenzuela
The population that lives in areas where organochlorine pesticides were spread in the past is still exposed to them through contaminated food, particulate matter, and vapors. Due to their lipophilic properties and resistance to metabolic reactions, they accumulate in tissues and fluids rich in lipids. The aim of the study was to monitor the concentrations of organochlorine pesticides in forensic adipose tissue samples of adult inhabitants of Veracruz City, Mexico, and compare their time trend levels from 1988 to 2014...
March 10, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ana Paula Moreno Barbosa, Paula Méndez-Fernandez, Patrick Simões Dias, Marcos César Oliveira Santos, Satie Taniguchi, Rosalinda Carmela Montone
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) accumulate in the fat tissue of living organisms and are found in relatively high concentrations in animals at the top of the food chain, such as dolphins. The ability of these compounds to interact with the endocrine system of marine mammals constitutes a risk for the reproduction and conservation of species. The La Plata dolphin, Pontoporia blainvillei, is exclusive to the southwestern Atlantic Ocean and is classified on the IUCN red list as a vulnerable species. Blubber, liver, kidney and muscle samples from four P...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tobias Daugaard-Petersen, Rikke Langebæk, Frank F Rigét, Markus Dyck, Robert J Letcher, Lars Hyldstrup, Jens-Erik Bech Jensen, Rune Dietz, Christian Sonne
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are long-range transported to the Arctic via atmospheric and oceanic currents, where they biomagnify to high concentrations in the tissues of apex predators such as polar bears (Ursus maritimus). A major concern of POP exposure is their physiological effects on vital organ-tissues posing a threat to the health and survival of polar bears. Here we examined the relationship between selected POPs and baculum bone mineral density (BMD) in the East Greenland and seven Canadian subpopulations of polar bears...
March 6, 2018: Environment International
Norio Amizuka, Sohei Kitazawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Balram Pokhrel, Ping Gong, Xiaoping Wang, Mengke Chen, Chuanfei Wang, Shaopeng Gao
Due to the high temperature and extensive use of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), tropical cities could act as secondary sources of these pollutants and therefore received global concern. As compared with other tropical cities, studies on the air-soil exchange of OCPs, PCBs and PAHs in tropical Nepali cities remained limited. In the present study, 39 soil samples from Kathmandu (capital of Nepal) and 21 soil samples from Pokhara (second largest city in Nepal) were collected The soil concentrations of the sum of endosulfans (α- and β-endosulfans) ranged from 0...
February 20, 2018: Chemosphere
Guido Noé Rimondino, Ana Julieta Pepino, Martín Diego Manetti, Luis Olcese, Gustavo Alejandro Argüello
Long-range atmospheric transport is one of the most important ways in which persistent organic pollutants can be transported from their source to remote and pristine regions. Here, we report the results of the first Argentinian measurements of organochlorine pesticides in the Antarctic region. During a 9665-km track onboard OV ARA Puerto Deseado, within the framework of Argentinian Antarctic Expeditions, air samples were taken using high-volume samplers and analyzed using GC-μECD. HCB, HCHs, and endosulfans were the major organic pollutants found, and a north-south gradient in their concentrations was evident by comparing data from the Argentinian offshore zone to the South Scotia Sea...
February 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Geng Zong, Damaskini Valvi, Brent Coull, Thomas Göen, Frank B Hu, Flemming Nielsen, Philippe Grandjean, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may predispose to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but prospective human evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between plasma-POP concentrations in the late 1990s and incident T2D over 11 years of follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study II. DISCUSSION: Three organochlorine pesticides and 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in banked plasma from 793 case-control pairs of T2D...
February 21, 2018: Environment International
Paula Méndez-Fernandez, Satie Taniguchi, Marcos C O Santos, Irma Cascão, Sophie Quérouil, Vidal Martín, Marisa Tejedor, Manuel Carrillo, Carolina Rinaldi, Renato Rinaldi, Rosalinda C Montone
The Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis) is an endemic species of the tropical-temperate Atlantic Ocean with widespread distribution. Although this species has been the subject of a large number of studies throughout its range, it remains in the "data deficient" category of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Chemical pollution by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has been listed as one of the major threats to this species, however, there is no information on a wide scale...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yingyan Gan, Huici Liang, Xiaojing Li, Yiru Zeng, Wenlin Wu, Jing Han, Jianning Mai
The 'hot cross' bun (HCB) sign refers to pontine cruciform hyperintensity on T2 weighted magnetic resonance image (MRI) which is frequently seen in multiple system atrophy and spinocerebellar ataxia types 2 and 3. We describe a 3 years old boy of encephalitis and his MRI image showed HCB sign in the pontine. After immunosuppressive treatment and followed up 14 months, he got a good outcome and the HCB sign narrowed nearly disappeared.
February 14, 2018: Brain & Development
P Monica Lind, Samira Salihovic, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND: Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been shown in the experimental setting to alter DNA methylation. Since DNA methylation changes during the life-span, formulas have been presented to calculate "DNA methylation age" as a measure of biological age. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate if circulating levels of three OCPs were related to increased DNA methylation age METHODS: 71CpG DNA methylation age (Hannum formula) was calculated based on data from the Illumina 450 k Bead Methylation chip in 1000 subjects in the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study (50% women, all aged 70 years at the examination)...
February 1, 2018: Environment International
Douglas J Taatjes, Jürgen Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Heidi I L Jacobs, Trey Hedden, Aaron P Schultz, Jorge Sepulcre, Rodrigo D Perea, Rebecca E Amariglio, Kathryn V Papp, Dorene M Rentz, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson
Animal models of Alzheimer's disease have suggested that tau pathology propagation, facilitated by amyloid pathology, may occur along connected pathways. To investigate these ideas in humans, we combined amyloid scans with longitudinal data on white matter connectivity, hippocampal volume, tau positron emission tomography and memory performance in 256 cognitively healthy older individuals. Lower baseline hippocampal volume was associated with increased mean diffusivity of the connecting hippocampal cingulum bundle (HCB)...
February 5, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Haiyan Zhang, Lei Jiang, Xin Zhou, Tao Zeng, Zhiqiao He, Xinwen Huang, Jianmeng Chen, Shuang Song
Hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) was listed as a new controlling persistent organic pollutant in the Stockholm Convention because of its wide industrial applications and potential genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. However, only limited information exists on the release of HCBD from unintentional sources, such as waste incineration. Identification and quantification of HCBD in fly ash, one of the major outputs of waste incineration, is imperative. This work presents a simple method for determining HCBD in waste incineration fly ash based on ultrasonic extraction coupled with a silica gel-Florisil column cleanup followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection...
February 2, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Molly Allen, Nicole Nietlisbach, Rebecca A Johnson
OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of high-concentration buprenorphine (HCB) on self-injurious behavior, food intake, fecal output, and thermal withdrawal latencies in healthy rats. ANIMALS 8 Sprague-Dawley rats. PROCEDURES Rats received 4 SC treatments (HCB at 0.075, 0.15, or 0.30 mg/kg [HCB0.075, HCB0.15, and HCB0.30, respectively] or 5% dextrose solution [0.20 mL/kg]) in a randomized, crossover-design study. Self-injurious behavior was assessed for 8 hours after injection. Food intake and fecal output were assessed for predetermined periods before and after treatment and separated into 12-hour light and dark periods for further analysis...
February 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Elisa Bisicchia, Valeria Sasso, Giuseppina Catanzaro, Alessandro Leuti, Zein Mersini Besharat, Martina Chiacchiarini, Marco Molinari, Elisabetta Ferretti, Maria Teresa Viscomi, Valerio Chiurchiù
Remote damage is a secondary phenomenon that usually occurs after a primary brain damage in regions that are distant, yet functionally connected, and that is critical for determining the outcomes of several CNS pathologies, including traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries. The understanding of remote damage-associated mechanisms has been mostly achieved in several models of focal brain injury such as the hemicerebellectomy (HCb) experimental paradigm, which helped to identify the involvement of many key players, such as inflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis and autophagy...
January 22, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Nawaf AlMutairi, Hesham Alaadin Abouzaid
INTRODUCTION: Biologics are highly effective, important treatment options for moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Biologics are well tolerated and have few side effects. However, the use of biologics in patients with concomitant chronic viral hepatitis is debatable. Recent reports have suggested a very low associated risk of reactivation of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCB). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of biologics for moderate to severe psoriasis patients with concomitant chronic viral hepatitis...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Douglas J Taatjes, Jürgen Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Risa Kakimoto, Masayoshi Ichiba, Akiko Matsumoto, Kunihiko Nakai, Nozomi Tatsuta, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Momoko Ishiyama, Noriko Ryuda, Takashi Someya, Ieyasu Tokumoto, Daisuke Ueno
Risk assessment of infant using a realistic persistent organic pollutant (POP) exposure through breast milk is essential to devise future regulation of POPs. However, recent investigations have demonstrated that POP levels in breast milk collected from the same mother showed a wide range of variation daily and monthly. To estimate the appropriate sample size of breast milk from the same mother to obtain reliable POP concentrations, breast milk samples were collected from five mothers living in Japan from 2006 to 2012...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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