Read by QxMD icon Read


Andreia Oliveira Rodrigues, Larissa Costa de Souza, Cássia Christina da Silva Rocha, Amilton Cesar Gomes da Costa, Rosivaldo de Alcântara Mendes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of DDT and metabolites in surface soils and soil profiles from two areas containing deposits of obsolete pesticides in Belém, Amazon Region, Brazil. DDT and metabolites were extracted by microwave assisted extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography with electron capture detection. Concentrations of total DDT in surface soil samples ranged from 64.22 mg kg(-1) in area 1 (A1) to 447.84 mg kg(-1) in area 2 (A2). Lower levels were found in soil profiles than at the surface (6...
April 22, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Jacob M Riveron, Sulaiman S Ibrahim, Charles Mulamba, Rousseau Djouaka, Helen Irving, Murielle J Wondji, Intan H Ishak, Charles S Wondji
Pyrethroid resistance in malaria vector, An. Funestus is increasingly reported across Africa, threatening the sustainability of pyrethroid-based control interventions including long lasting insecticidal Nets (LLINs). Managing this problem requires understanding of the molecular basis of the resistance from different regions of the continent, to establish whether it is being driven by a single or independent selective events. Here, using a genome-wide transcription profiling of pyrethroid resistant populations from Southern (Malawi), East (Uganda) and West Africa (Benin), we investigated the molecular basis of resistance, revealing strong differences between the different African regions...
April 19, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Cécile M A Sadia-Kacou, Ludovic P Ahoua Alou, Ako V C Edi, Celine M Yobo, Maurice A Adja, Allassane F Ouattara, David Malone, Alphonsine A Koffi, Yao Tano, Benjamin G Koudou
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of malaria control programmes through implementation of vector control activities is challenged by the emergence of insecticide resistance. In the South-Eastern region of Côte d'Ivoire, where palm oil plantations remain the predominant agricultural crop, the susceptibility of wild Anopheles gambiae sensu lato species is still unknown and thus requires a particular attention. The current study was carried out to address the gap by in-depth characterization of susceptibility level of An...
April 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
Eduardo Sénchez de Badajoz, José Maria Lage-Sánchez, Pilar Sánchez-Gallegos
OBJECTIVES: Although prostate cancer is probably the most frequent cancer in men, little is known about its etiology. Clear evidence exists about variations in the incidence of prostate cancer between populations living in different countries. These variations could be explained by differences in lifestyle and a possible association with a set of substances that are able to intervene in the origin of the disease. METHODS: The reason that lifestyle may be the cause of prostate cancer is related to endocrine disruptors...
April 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Chunnian Da, Ke Wu, Jie Jin, Minjun Yu
Twenty-two organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in Anhui reach of Huaihe river, China. Seventeen out of 22 OCPs were detected by GC-MS. The mean concentrations of OCPs followed the order: HCHs > DDTs > HCB > chlordanes > endosulfans. Levels of total HCHs and total DDTs ranged from 2.54 to 13.91 ng g(-1) (mean = 7.52 ng g(-1)) and 0.016 to 2.54 ng g(-1) (mean = 0.45 ng g(-1)), respectively. The concentrations of DDTs were lower than those of HCHs. Compared with the other rivers in China, DDTs and HCHs were relatively lower or similar...
April 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Xiaochun Wang, Shu Chen, Kuiyuan Wan, Xiaocai Yin, Xiaohua Zhu, Jing Pan, Yongliang Yang
Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in surface soils of Changbai Mountain, Northeastern China, have been quantified by gas chromatography with electron capture detector and the altitude distributions and possible pollution sources were analyzed. The concentrations of ∑HCHs, ∑DDTs and ∑7PCBs were in the range of 3.09-25.6, 0.96-19.4 and 7.32-26.1 ng/g dw, respectively. The concentration of α-HCH, β-HCH, p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, PCB 101, 138, 153, and 180 showed increasing trends with altitude...
April 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Luis A Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Manuel Zumbado, Lluis Serra-Majem, Pilar F Valerón, María Camacho, Jacqueline Álvarez-Pérez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Luis D Boada
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are well-known ubiquitous environmental chemicals which have been related to adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate POPs burden, and its determinants, in a population at high risk of suffering CVD enrolled in the PREDIMED Study (Spanish acronym for PREvention by means of MEDiterranean Diet). This cohort was formed by 343 participants (55-80 y.o.), which were selected for a preventive nutritional intervention for CVD based on the Mediterranean Diet...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Research
Bruno Gomes, Bidyut Purkait, Rinki Michelle Deb, Aarti Rama, Rudra Pratap Singh, Geraldine Marie Foster, Michael Coleman, Vijay Kumar, Mark Paine, Pradeep Das, David Weetman
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) with DDT has been the primary strategy for control of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL) vector Phlebotomus argentipes in India but efficacy may be compromised by resistance. Synthetic pyrethroids are now being introduced for IRS, but with a shared target site, the para voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC), mutations affecting both insecticide classes could provide cross-resistance and represent a threat to sustainable IRS-based disease control. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A region of the Vgsc gene was sequenced in P...
April 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
K Keita, D Camara, Y Barry, R Ossè, L Wang, M Sylla, D Miller, L Leite, P Schopp, G G Lawrence, M Akogbéto, E M Dotson, T Guilavogui, M Keita, S R Irish
Insecticide resistance is one of the primary threats to the recent gains in malaria control. This is especially true in Guinea, where long-lasting insecticidal nets are currently the primary vector control intervention. To better inform the national malaria control program on the current status of insecticide resistance in Guinea, resistance bioassays were conducted, using Anopheles gambiae s.l. Giles, in three sites. Molecular analyses were also done on An. gambiae s.l. to determine the species and find whether the target-site mutations kdr and Ace1R were present...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Zhonghua Zhao, Mingjiang Ni, Xiaodong Li, Alfons Buekens, Jianhua Yan
Thermal treatment of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) contaminated soil was shown in earlier work to generate polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF). In this study, the PCDD/F were studied arising during the remediation of p,p'-DDT contaminated soil by thermal desorption. Three kinds of soil (sandy, clayey and lateritic soil) were tested to investigate the effect of soil texture on PCDD/F formation. Those soils were artificially polluted with p,p'-DDT, obtaining a concentration level of 100 mg/kg...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zhonghua Zhao, Yu Jiang, Qianyu Li, Yongjiu Cai, Hongbin Yin, Lu Zhang, Jin Zhang
The residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in surface sediments from Taihu Lake basin (THB) and Taihu Lake body (THL) were investigated. Higher concentrations of both PAHs and OCPs were observed for THB than THL. The concentrations of PAHs ranged from 12.1 to 2281.1ngg(-1) dw for THB and from 11.4 to 209.9ngg(-1) dw for THL, while OCPs ranged from 16.3 to 96.9ngg(-1) dw and from 16.8 to 61.9ngg(-1) dw for THB and THL, respectively. Spatial distribution of PAHs and OCPs showed a high correspondence with the land use of THB and surrounding anthropogenic activity...
April 7, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yongxiang Han, Runhong Mo, Xinyue Yuan, Donglian Zhong, Fubin Tang, Caifen Ye, Yihua Liu
Twenty-nine pesticide residues in nut-planted soils from China were investigated. One organophosphate (chlorpyrifos) was detected in 5.3% soils, and the residue levels of 7.2 μg/kg to 77.2 μg/kg. The concentrations of six organochlorines (DDT, HCH, endosulfan, quintozene, aldrin and dieldrin) detected in 78.9% soils were 0.6 μg/kg to 90.1 μg/kg. The residue levels of six pyrethroids (bifenthrin, fenpropathrin, cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate and deltamethrin) detected in 65.8% soils were 1.5 μg/kg to 884...
April 4, 2017: Chemosphere
Ge Yin, Ioannis Athanassiadis, Åke Bergman, Yihui Zhou, Yanling Qiu, Lillemor Asplund
The acaricide, dicofol, is a well-known pesticide and partly a substitute for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Only few reports on environmental occurrence and concentrations have been reported calling for improvements. Hence, an analytical method was further developed for dicofol and dichlorobenzophenone (DCBP) to enable assessments of their environmental occurrence. Concentrated sulfuric acid was used to remove lipids and to separate dicofol from DCBP. On-column injection was used as an alternative to splitless injection to protect dicofol from thermal decomposition...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kefeng Li, Xiaohua Zhu, Yuzhan Wang, Shuqian Zheng, Guijun Dong
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) reportedly causes extensively acute or chronic effects to human health. Exercise can generate positive stress. We evaluated the effect of aerobic exercise on DDT degradation and oxidative stress. MAIN METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control (C), DDT without exercise training (D), and DDT plus exercise training (DE) groups. The rats were treated as follows: DDT exposure to D and DE groups at the first 2 weeks; aerobic exercise treatment only to the DE group from the 1st day until the rats are killed...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Evangelia Terzopoulou, Dimitra Voutsa
This study presents a complementary approach for the evaluation of water quality in a river basin by employing active and passive sampling. Persistent toxic pollutants representing three classes: organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), were studied in grab water samples, in passive samplers/SemiPermeable Membrane Devices (SPMDs) and in fish tissues collected along the Strymonas River, northern Greece at three sampling campaigns during the year 2013...
April 5, 2017: Ecotoxicology
Matthew D Sampson, Jonathan D Emery, Michael J Pellin, Alex B F Martinson
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of several metal oxides is selectivity inhibited on alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on Au, and the eventual nucleation mechanism is investigated. The inhibition ability of the SAM is significantly improved by the in situ H2-plasma pretreatment of the Au substrate prior to the gas-phase deposition of a long-chain alkanethiol, 1-dodecanethiol (DDT). This more rigorous surface preparation inhibits even aggressive oxide ALD precursors, including trimethylaluminum and water, for at least 20 cycles...
April 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cole Vonder Haar, Kris M Martens, Lara-Kirstie Riparip, Susanna Rosi, Cheryl L Wellington, Catharine A Winstanley
Traumatic brain injury is associated with the development of numerous psychiatric diseases. Of particular concern for TBI patients is the impact of chronic impulsivity on daily functioning. Despite the scope of the human problem, little has been done to address impulsivity in animal models of brain injury. In the current study, we examined the effects of either a severe or a milder bilateral frontal controlled cortical impact injury on impulsivity using the delay discounting task (DDT), in which preference for smaller-sooner over larger-later rewards is indicative of greater impulsive choice...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
L Marziali, F Rosignoli, A Drago, S Pascariello, L Valsecchi, B Rossaro, L Guzzella
The determination of sediment toxicity is challenging due to site-specific factors affecting pollutants distribution and bioavailability, especially when contamination levels are close to expected non-effect concentrations. Different lines of evidence and sensitive tools are necessary for a proper toxicity risk assessment. We examined the case study of the Toce River (Northern Italy), where past industrial activities determined Hg, DDT and As enrichment in sediments. A triad approach comprising chemical, ecotoxicological and ecological analyses (benthic invertebrates) was carried out for risk assessment of residual contamination in river sediments...
March 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Klára Šmídová, Sooyeon Kim, Jakub Hofman
Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) of organic pollutants to soil biota, often required by risk assessment, are mostly obtained in non-sterile laboratory-contaminated artificial soils. However, microbial degradation has been indicated by many authors to influence the fate of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) in soils. A question arises if the microbial community of peat which is used for artificial soil preparation affects the measured values of BAFs. In this study the effect of soil microorganisms on bioavailability of HOCs was studied and a portion of each soil was sterilized by gamma irradiation...
July 2017: Chemosphere
Martina G Vijver, Ellard R Hunting, Tom A P Nederstigt, Wil L M Tamis, Paul J van den Brink, Peter M van Bodegom
Current admission policies for pesticides follow a controlled experimental tiered risk assessment approach, giving results that are difficult to extrapolate to a real-world situation. Later analyses of compounds such as DDT and neonicotinoid pesticides clearly show that the actual chemical impacts frequently affect many more components of an ecosystem than a priori suggested by risk assessment. Therefore, to manage the actual risks for ecosystems imposed by manufactured compounds, it is proposed that current admission policies for chemicals be enriched by using postregistration monitoring...
April 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"