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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332108/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-high-blood-pressure-among-obese-children-in-the-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Abdulmoein E Al-Agha, Areej O Mahjoub
To evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on high blood pressure among obese children and adolescents in western region, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 306 (female: 140, male: 166) child, between August 2016 and March 2017. A questioner was filled by health professionals at ambulatory pediatric clinic followed by waist-hip circumference, height, weight, and blood pressure measurement. Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were adjusted to gender, height, and age...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#2
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331364/picky-eating-pressuring-feeding-and-growth-in-toddlers
#3
Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller, Danielle Appugliese, Katherine Rosenblum, Niko Kaciroti
Several common theoretical frameworks have posited causal pathways between picky eating, pressuring feeding, and growth in early childhood. The evidence to support these pathways is limited. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between mother-reported pressuring feeding, mother-reported child picky eating, and measured weight-for-length z-score (WLZ) across child ages 21, 27, and 33 months (n = 244). Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between these three constructs...
January 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329511/classifying-and-characterizing-the-development-of-adaptive-behavior-in-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-young-children-with-autism
#4
Cristan Farmer, Lauren Swineford, Susan E Swedo, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior, or the ability to function independently in ones' environment, is a key phenotypic construct in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Few studies of the development of adaptive behavior during preschool to school-age are available, though existing data demonstrate that the degree of ability and impairment associated with ASD, and how it manifests over time, is heterogeneous. Growth mixture models are a statistical technique that can help parse this heterogeneity in trajectories...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329244/infant-development-at-the-age-of-6-months-in-relation-to-feeding-practices-iron-status-and-growth-in-a-peri-urban-community-of-south-africa
#5
Marinel Rothman, Mieke Faber, Namukolo Covic, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Marike Cockeran, Jane D Kvalsvig, Cornelius M Smuts
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between feeding practices, iron deficiency, anaemia, stunting, and impaired psychomotor development during infancy is limited. This study assessed the association between psychomotor development with early feeding practices, growth, iron status, and anaemia. METHODS: This was cross-sectional baseline data of a randomised controlled trial which included 6-month-old infants and their mothers or primary caregivers (n = 750) in a peri-urban community in the North West province of South Africa...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328418/microrna%C3%A2-3941-targets-igf2-to-control-lps%C3%A2-induced-acute-pneumonia-in-a549-cells
#6
Shinuan Fei, Lichun Cao, Liangzhi Pan
The present study aimed to investigate the potential roles and regulatory mechanism of microRNA (miR)-3941 in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)‑induced acute pneumonia. The expression of miR‑3941 in child patients with acute pneumonia was detected and A549 cells were treated with LPS to establish the cellular model of acute pneumonia. The effects of miR‑3941 in LPS‑induced cell injury were investigated by assessing cell viability, apoptosis and inflammation. In addition, the regulatory relationship between miR‑3941 and insulin‑like growth factor 2 (IGF2) was explored, as well as the association between miR‑3941 and the phosphatidylinositol‑4,5‑bisphosphate 3‑kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#7
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323694/the-short-child
#8
Armin Valdes, Jorge Cervantes, Yezika Delgado, Marisol Valdes, Hector Granados
Growth is one of the most important characteristics of human development. This process occurs from the moment of conception through the final stages of puberty. There are multiple factors that contribute to growth in humans. Although it may seem complex, a pediatrician should note that growth can be fairly predictable. The advantage to predictable changes in growth is that clinicians should be able to promptly detect any deviation and evaluate it in a timely manner. One of the most helpful tools to assess changes in growth is the use of a growth chart...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321690/evidence-for-energetic-tradeoffs-between-physical-activity-and-childhood-growth-across-the-nutritional-transition
#9
Samuel S Urlacher, Karen L Kramer
Despite broad implications for understanding human life history, energetics, and health, the impact of physical activity on childhood growth remains unclear. Particularly understudied is the effect of secular changes in physical activity on child development. We address these shortcomings using data spanning the transition from traditional to semi-developed economy among Yucatec Maya agriculturalists. Anthropometric and behavioral observation data were collected from children living in a subsistence-based rural community in 1992 and again in 2012 following the introduction of a school and mechanized technologies but minimal overt dietary change...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321443/a-new-arena-in-cardiac-surgery-pediatric-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#10
Soichiro Kitamura
Prior to the 1970s, pediatric coronary artery bypass surgery (PCABS) was seldomly performed due to the lack of compelling surgical indications. The advent of coronary sequelae secondary to Kawasaki disease (KD) and the occurrence of coronary artery complications due to newly developed procedures, such as the arterial switch operation and early repair for intrinsic congenital coronary malformations, necessitated the development of PCABS. Because children grow rapidly and their life expectancy is very long, with increasing exercise capability requirements, the strategy for PCABS should differ from that for bypass surgery in adults...
2018: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318982/evidence-for-the-age-specific-relationship-of-food-insecurity-and-key-dietary-outcomes-among-us-children-and-adolescents
#11
Heather A Eicher-Miller, Yanling Zhao
Approximately 6·5 million US children live in food-insecure households, meaning that they have restrained access to the types and amounts of foods they usually eat. The nutrient demands of growth and general sub-par dietary intake of US children by age highlight the importance and difficulty of attaining recommended amounts of critical dietary components to promote health and prevent disease. Evaluation of the evidence for a relationship of food insecurity with key dietary outcomes for the specific stages of child growth at 1-5 years, 6-11 years and 12-19 years has not been previously documented...
January 10, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316992/child-nutritional-status-in-egypt-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-socioeconomic-determinants-using-a-quantile-regression-approach
#12
Mesbah Fathy Sharaf, Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad
This study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. A nationally representative sample of 13,682 children aged 0-4 years was drawn from the 2014 Egypt DHS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314091/the-relationship-between-preoperative-fetal-head-circumference-and-2-year-cognitive-performance-after-laser-surgery-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#13
Andrew H Chon, Mary Rose Mamey, Sheree M Schrager, Douglas L Vanderbilt, Ramen H Chmait
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between preoperative fetal head circumference (HC) and cognitive performance among children treated with laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: Donor and recipient twin HCs were measured preoperatively (16 - 26 weeks' gestation) and at 2 years corrected age. Multilevel multivariate regression models were used to test pregnancy and child-level risk factors for lower Battelle Developmental Inventory 2nd Edition (BDI-2) scores...
January 4, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310734/differential-methylation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-in-offspring-of-physically-active-pregnant-women
#14
M R Marshall, N Paneth, J A Gerlach, L M Mudd, L Biery, D P Ferguson, J M Pivarnik
Several studies have suggested that maternal lifestyle during pregnancy may influence long-term health of offspring by altering the offspring epigenome. Whether maternal leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy might have this effect is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal LTPA during pregnancy and offspring DNA methylation. Participants were recruited from the Archive for Research on Child Health study. At enrollment, participants' demographic information and self-reported LTPA during pregnancy were determined...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303459/multimodal-treatment-approach-in-a-patient-with-multiple-intracranial-myxomatous-aneurysms
#15
David L Penn, Arianna B Lanpher, Jennifer M Klein, Harry P W Kozakewich, Kristopher T Kahle, Edward R Smith, Darren B Orbach
The most common primary cardiac tumor is myxoma, typically originating in the left atrium. Emboli to the central nervous system can cause cerebral infarction or, rarely, seed tumor growth within vessel walls, causing myxomatous aneurysms. Fewer than 60 myxomatous aneurysms have been reported, including 2 cases in children. Here, the authors describe 2 different growing myxomatous aneurysms in a child successfully managed using a combined multidisciplinary approach. A 12-year-old boy developed a sudden headache, diplopia, gait instability, and speech difficulty...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302556/process-evaluation-of-child-health-services-at-outreach-sites-during-health-and-nutrition-day-mamta-day-in-urban-slums-of-western-india
#16
Kedar Mehta, Chandresh Pandya, Paragkumar Chavda, Dipak Solanki
Introduction: Health indicators of rural and urban India show a wide variation. Rural areas have received large focus in child health services, but on the flip side, urban areas have been the last to receive such attention. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to include one randomly selected outreach session from all the 19 urban primary health centers of Vadodara city from April 2013 to May 2014. Nineteen session sites were observed for the process evaluation of three components of child health care, namely, "planning of Health and Nutrition Day," "availability of vaccines/logistics," and "direct observation of actual immunization process" at the site using a structured checklist...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302552/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-aligarh-uttar-pradesh
#17
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Complementary feeding practices play an important role in the growth and development of the children. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and its association with various sociodemographic factors. Settings and Design: The study was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted at field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302261/how-to-approach-feeding-difficulties-in-young-children
#18
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Feeding is an interaction between a child and caregiver, and feeding difficulty is an umbrella term encompassing all feeding problems, regardless of etiology, severity, or consequences, while feeding disorder refers to an inability or refusal to eat sufficient quantities or variety of food to maintain adequate nutritional status, leading to substantial consequences, including malnutrition, impaired growth, and possible neurocognitive dysfunction. There are 6 representative feeding disorder subtypes in young children: infantile anorexia, sensory food aversion, reciprocity, posttraumatic type, state regulation, and feeding disorders associated with concurrent medical conditions...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301912/monitoring-the-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-paradigm-change
#19
REVIEW
Jose Villar, Francesca Giuliani, Fernando Barros, Paola Roggero, Irma Alejandra Coronado Zarco, Maria Albertina S Rego, Roseline Ochieng, Maria Lorella Gianni, Suman Rao, Ann Lambert, Irina Ryumina, Carl Britto, Deepak Chawla, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Syed Rehan Ali, Jane Hirst, Jagjit Singh Teji, Karim Abawi, Jacqueline Asibey, Josephine Agyeman-Duah, Kenny McCormick, Enrico Bertino, Aris T Papageorghiou, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Stephen Kennedy
There is no consensus regarding how the growth of preterm infants should be monitored or what constitutes their ideal pattern of growth, especially after term-corrected age. The concept that the growth of preterm infants should match that of healthy fetuses is not substantiated by data and, in practice, is seldom attained, particularly for very preterm infants. Hence, by hospital discharge, many preterm infants are classified as postnatal growth-restricted. In a recent systematic review, 61 longitudinal reference charts were identified, most with considerable limitations in the quality of gestational age estimation, anthropometric measures, feeding regimens, and how morbidities were described...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301183/north-korean-children-nutrition-and-growth
#20
REVIEW
Soo-Kyung Lee
North Korea suffered from severe famine in the mid-1990s; this impacted many areas, including people's transnational movement, child growth, and mortality. This review carefully examined nutritional status trends of children in North Korea using published reports from national nutrition assessment surveys. Nutritional adaptation of North Korean child refugees living in South Korea was also studied with their growth and food consumption, using published researches. The nutritional status of children in North Korea has recovered to a "low" level acute malnutrition status and a "medium" level chronic malnutrition status...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
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