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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100869/gonadotoropin-actions-on-spermatogenesis-and-hormonal-therapies-for-spermatogenic-disorders-review
#1
Koji Shiraishi, Hideyasu Matsuyama
Microdissection testicular sperm extraction and intracytoplasmic sperm injection have made it possible for men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) to conceive a child. A majority of men cannot produce sperm because spermatogenesis per se is believed to be "irreversibly" disturbed. For these men, it and has been thought that any hormonal therapy will be ineffective. Further understandings of endocrinological regulation of spermatogenesis are needed and LH or FSH receptor knock out (KO) mice have revealed the roles of gonadotropin separately...
January 19, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099296/a-reexamination-of-the-accuracy-of-the-broselow-tape-as-an-instrument-for-weight-estimation
#2
Muhammad Waseem, Justin Chen, Mark Leber, Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber
BACKGROUND: Accurate weight estimation is important for calculating appropriate medication dosages, determining rates of fluid replacement, and selecting correct equipment sizes in critically ill children requiring resuscitation. The actual measurement of the weight of a critically ill or injured child is often not possible. The Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) is an important tool for predicting a child's weight based on his/her height. Although BT has previously been validated, given the increasing prevalence of obesity in today's society, it behooves clinicians relying on this resuscitation aid to revisit the issue...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099130/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-involvement-in-successful-growth-hormone-gh-signaling-in-gh-transduction-defect
#3
Eirini Kostopoulou, Andrea Paola Rojas-Gil, Alexia Karvela, Bessie E Spiliotis
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) transduction defect (GHTD) is a growth disorder with impaired signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation mediated by overexpression of cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein (CIS), which causes increased growth hormone receptor (GHR) degradation. This study investigated the role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the restoration of normal GH signaling in GHTD. METHODS: Protein expression, cellular localization and physical contact of proteins of the GH and EGF signaling pathways were studied by Western immunoblotting, immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation, respectively...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097251/management-of-progressive-late-onset-scoliosis-with-magnetic-growth-rod-insertion-leading-to-improvement-of-neural-anomalies-a-case-report
#4
Amit Zaveri, Valerio Pace, Dimpu Bhagawati, Vijay Rajamani, Thillainayagam Muthukumar, Hilali Noordeen
BACKGROUND: To present the first known reported case of late onset idiopathic scoliosis with concomitant neural anomalies, treated with sequential distraction using magnetic growth rod, had significant improvement in both cranio-cervical and intraspinal anomaly. METHODS: A caucasian, growing female child (at the age of ten) presented with moderately progressive late onset right thoracic scoliosis. She was found to have Chiari type I malformation and a cervicothoracic syrinx on routine pre-operative MRI scanning...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096416/infrastructure-mitigates-the-sensitivity-of-child-growth-to-local-agriculture-and-rainfall-in-nepal-and-uganda
#5
Gerald E Shively
This paper investigates linear growth and weight gain among 11,946 children below the age of 5 y in Nepal and Uganda, testing the hypothesis that child growth is sensitive to precipitation during key periods in a child's early life. The paper also tests the importance of the economic and physical environments in which children reside. Outcomes are not completely explained by agricultural performance or the observed characteristics of children or their households. Associations between height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) and rainfall are generally positive, but patterns are heterogeneous...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094019/the-first-model-of-keeping-energy-balance-and-optimal-psycho-affective-development-breastfed-infants
#6
REVIEW
Carlo Agostoni, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Ludovica Leone, Valentina Ciappolino, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Carlo A Altamura, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Breastfed infants follow a peculiar growth fashion characterized by a rapid weight gain in the first weeks of life, then followed by a fast decrease in growth rates, a capacity to self-regulate the sense of hungry and satiety, and a minor propensity towards overweight and obesity later on, in parallel with a better neurodevelopmental performance. METHODS: We searched studies investigating the relationship between the feeding mode in infancy and the energy balance, so the possible associations with total energy expenditure and intake regulation...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093827/trajectories-of-sleep-and-cardiac-sympathetic-activity-indexed-by-pre-ejection-period-in-childhood
#7
Mona El-Sheikh, J Benjamin Hinnant, Lauren E Philbrook
Fragmented and insufficient sleep has been implicated in disrupted autonomic nervous system activity during resting state conditions in typically developing children. Towards explication of these relations over development, the current study tested reciprocal relations between the development of sleep parameters (efficiency, duration, latency) and cardiac sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity indexed by pre-ejection period (PEP) during waking-resting state conditions throughout middle and late childhood...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093572/longitudinal-changes-in-body-mass-index-of-children-affected-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#8
W Zheng, H Yokomichi, H Matsubara, M Ishikuro, M Kikuya, T Isojima, S Yokoya, T Tanaka, N Kato, S Chida, A Ono, M Hosoya, S Tanaka, S Kuriyama, S Kure, Z Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The evacuation and disruption in housing caused by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and following nuclear radiation may have influenced child health in many respects. However, studies regarding longitudinal childhood growth are limited. Therefore, in this study we aimed to explore the influence of the earthquake on longitudinal changes in body mass index in preschool children. METHODS: Participants were children from nursery schools that cooperated with the study in the Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092462/adolescent-cardiovascular-functional-and-structural-outcomes-of-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-prospective-community-based-study
#9
Alanna N Hanvey, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Adult BMI trajectories outperform single BMI measurements as predictors of cardiovascular mortality; however, it is unknown whether this also holds in childhood. We aimed to identify BMI trajectory categories from birth to adolescence, and examine their associations with adolescent cardiovascular function and structure. METHODS: Adolescents from a community-based prospective birth cohort completed 11-16 BMI measurements between birth and adolescence...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#10
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090659/the-effect-of-intradetrusor-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-on-urinary-ngf-tgf-beta-1-timp-2-levels-in-children-with-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-due-to-myelodysplasia
#11
Tuncay Top, Cagri Akin Sekerci, Banu Isbilen-Basok, Yiloren Tanidir, Ilker Tinay, Ferruh Kemal Isman, Cem Akbal, Ferruh Simsek, Tufan Tarcan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the value of urine nerve growth factor (NGF), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-Beta-1), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2) levels to predict the urodynamic profile before and after botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) treatment in children with myelodysplasia. METHODS: This prospective study included 15 children with myelodysplasia who underwent intradetrusor BoNT-A injections due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDOA)...
January 16, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090353/leptin-acylcarnitine-metabolites-and-development-of-adiposity-in-the-rhea-mother-child-cohort-in-crete-greece
#12
W Perng, E Oken, T Roumeliotaki, D Sood, A P Siskos, G Chalkiadaki, E Dermitzaki, M Vafeiadi, S Kyrtopoulos, M Kogevinas, H C Keun, L Chatzi
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate relations of serum leptin at age 4 with development of adiposity and linear growth during 3 years of follow-up among 75 Greek children and to identify serum metabolites associated with leptin at age 4 and to characterize their associations with adiposity gain and linear growth. METHODS: Linear regression models that accounted for maternal age, education and gestational weight gain and child's age and sex were used to examine associations of leptin and leptin-associated metabolites measured at age 4 with indicators of adiposity and linear growth at age 7...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#13
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086835/stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-in-nigeria-a-multilevel-analysis
#14
Blessing Jaka Akombi, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, John Joseph Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas Astell-Burt, Andre M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Stunting has been identified as one of the major proximal risk factors for poor physical and mental development of children under-5 years. Stunting predominantly occurs in the first 1000 days of life (0-23 months) and continues to the age of five. This study examines factors associated with stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria. METHODS: The sample included 24,529 children aged 0-59 months from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#15
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
January 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077259/the-growth-of-language-universal-grammar-experience-and-principles-of-computation
#16
REVIEW
Charles Yang, Stephen Crain, Robert C Berwick, Noam Chomsky, Johan J Bolhuis
YANG, C., S. Crain, R.C. Berwick, N. Chomsky and J.J. Bolhuis. The growth of language. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV VOL (ISSUE) XXX-XXX, 2016. Human infants develop language remarkably rapidly and without overt instruction. We argue that the distinctive ontogenesis of child language arises from the interplay of three factors: domain-specific principles of language (Universal Grammar), external experience, and properties of non-linguistic domains of cognition including general learning mechanisms and principles of efficient computation...
January 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075336/multilevel-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-wasting-and-underweight-among-children-under-five-years-in-nigeria
#17
Blessing J Akombi, Kingsley E Agho, Dafna Merom, John J Hall, Andre M Renzaho
Wasting and underweight reflect poor nutrition, which in children leads to retarded growth. The aim of this study is to determine the factors associated with wasting and underweight among children aged 0-59 months in Nigeria. A sample of 24,529 children aged 0-59 months from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) was used. Multilevel logistic regression analysis that adjusted for cluster and survey weights was used to identify significant factors associated with wasting/severe wasting and underweight/severe underweight...
January 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072957/-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-the-patterns-of-primary-teeth-eruption-in-2-581-children
#18
R X Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the patterns of primary teeth eruption by a cross-sectional survey in 0-40 months old children in Chongqing and to provide normal timetables of tooth eruption that are practical in general physical growth assessment. Method: Data of 2 581 0-40 months old healthy children were collected from January 2014 to January 2016 at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. General information was recorded by primary child health care doctors, including age, gender, gestation age, birth weight, time and sequence of first primary tooth eruption, number of teeth and age of totally primary teeth emergence...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070949/growth-faltering-child-rearing-and-social-determinants-of-health-in-aboriginal-community-children
#19
David R Brewster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068308/the-association-between-weight-height-and-head-circumference-reconsidered
#20
Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil, Michael Hermanussen
BACKGROUND: Under normal nutritional and health conditions, body height, weight and head circumference are significantly related. We hypothesize that the apparent general association between weight, height and head circumference of the growing child might be misleading. METHODS: We re-analyzed data of 7444 boys and 7375 girls measured in East-Germany between 1986 and 1990, aged from 0 to 7 years with measurements of body length/height, leg length, sitting height, biacromial shoulder breadth, thoracic breadth, thoracic depth, thoracic circumference, body weight, head volume, percentage of body fat, and hip skinfold vertical, using principal component analysis...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
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