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postoperative hypothermia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216687/effect-of-pre-warming-on-perioperative-hypothermia-and-anesthetic-recovery-in-small-breed-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#1
Turi K Aarnes, Richard M Bednarski, Phillip Lerche, John A E Hubbell
This study compared perianesthetic body temperatures and times to recovery from general anesthesia in small dogs that were either warmed for 20 minutes prior to anesthesia or not warmed. Twenty-eight client-owned dogs that were presented for ovariohysterectomy were included in the study. Small (<10 kg body weight) dogs with normal circulatory status were randomly assigned to receive pre-warming for 20 minutes or no treatment. Body temperature was measured during the procedure using a calibrated rectal probe...
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197046/outcome-of-noncardiac-surgical-patients-admitted-to-a-multidisciplinary-intensive-care-unit
#2
Pradeep Kumar, M K Renuka, M S Kalaiselvan, A S Arunkumar
CONTEXT: Surgical procedures carry significant morbidity and mortality depending on the type of surgery and patients. There is a dearth of evidence from India on the outcome of surgical patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). AIMS: We aimed to describe the incidence and risk factors of postoperative complications and mortality in noncardiac surgical patients admitted to the ICU. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study on all perioperative patients admitted to a multidisciplinary ICU for 18 months...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144754/contact-cooling-of-random-pattern-cutaneous-flaps-does-it-increase-necrosis
#3
Edward Nahabet, Hooman Riazi, Mark Asirwatham, Emily Wirtz, Donald J Harvey, Davood Varghai, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: Cooling after surgery reduces pain, swelling and ecchymosis. However, the fear of adverse effects of vasoconstriction caused by cooling may prevent its use when the skin is undermined extensively, for example, after rhytidectomy. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the contact cooling of random-pattern skin flaps increases the area of necrosis observed. METHODS: Twenty-eight random-pattern skin flaps (4 × 10 cm) were raised on four pigs...
January 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131431/the-standardized-concept-of-moderate-to-mild-%C3%A2-28%C3%A2-c-systemic-hypothermia-during-selective-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-for%C3%A2-all-comers-in-aortic-arch-surgery-single-center-experience-in-587-consecutive-patients-over-a-15-year-period
#4
Ali El-Sayed Ahmad, Nestoras Papadopoulos, Petar Risteski, Anton Moritz, Andreas Zierer
BACKGROUND: Whether selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) during moderate-to-mild systemic hypothermia (≥28°C) is applicable to aortic arch surgery without restrictions including the emergency setting of an acute type A aortic dissection or extensive total arch procedures such as elephant and frozen elephant trunk techniques is an ongoing subject of controversy. METHODS: Between January 2000 and January 2015, 587 consecutive all-comers underwent aortic arch surgery at our institution uniformly applying selective ACP (unilateral: n = 393 [67%]; bilateral: n = 194 [33%]) during moderate-to-mild systemic hypothermia (28...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070632/-prevention-of-perioperative-hypothermia-implementation-of-the-s3-guideline
#5
E-P Horn, E Klar, J Höcker, A Bräuer, B Bein, H Wulf, A Torossian
To improve perioperative quality and patient safety, the German S3 guideline should be consistently implemented to avoid perioperative hypothermia. Perioperative normothermia is a quality indicator and should be achieved by anesthesiologists and surgeons. To detect hypothermia early during the perioperative process, measuring body temperature should be started 1-2 h preoperatively. Patients should be actively warmed for 20-30 min before starting anesthesia. Prewarming is most effective and should be included in the preoperative process...
January 9, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018896/factors-influencing-neurodevelopment-after-cardiac-surgery-during-infancy
#6
REVIEW
Hedwig Hubertine Hövels-Gürich
Short- and long-term neurodevelopmental (ND) disabilities with negative impact on psychosocial and academic performance, quality of life, and independence in adulthood are known to be the most common sequelae for surviving children after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). This article reviews influences and risk factors for ND impairment. For a long time, the search for independent risk factors was focused on the perioperative period and modalities of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). CPB operations to ensure intraoperative vital organ perfusion and oxygen supply with or without circulatory arrest or regional cerebral perfusion bear specific risks...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982345/comparison-of-early-outcomes-with-three-approaches-for-combined-coronary-revascularization-and-carotid-endarterectomy
#7
Arzu Antal Dönmez, Taylan Adademir, Hakan Sacli, Cengiz Koksal, Mete Alp
Objective: This study aims to compare three different surgical approaches for combined coronary and carotid artery stenosis as a single stage procedure and to assess effect of operative strategy on mortality and neurological complications. Methods: This retrospective study involves 136 patients who had synchronous coronary artery revascularization and carotid endarterectomy in our institution, between January 2002 and December 2012. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the surgical technique used...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976517/warmed-humidified-co2-insufflation-benefits-intraoperative-core-temperature-during-laparoscopic-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#8
Meara Dean, Robert Ramsay, Alexander Heriot, John Mackay, Richard Hiscock, A Craig Lynch
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia is linked to postoperative adverse events. The use of warmed, humidified CO2 to establish pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy has been associated with reduced incidence of intraoperative hypothermia. However, the small number and variable quality of published studies have caused uncertainty about the potential benefit of this therapy. This meta-analysis was conducted to specifically evaluate the effects of warmed, humidified CO2 during laparoscopy...
December 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964981/aortic-root-surgery-with-circulatory-arrest-predictors-of-prolonged-postoperative-hospital-stay
#9
Ourania Preventza, Joseph S Coselli, Andrea Garcia, Shahab Akvan, Sarang Kashyap, Katherine H Simpson, Matt D Price, Kim I de la Cruz, Konstantinos Spiliotopoulos, Lorraine D Cornwell, Faisal G Bakaeen, Shuab Omer, Denton A Cooley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the outcomes of aortic root operations that involve inducing hypothermic circulatory arrest for relatively extensive proximal aortic surgery. We attempted to identify predictors of postoperative hospital length of stay (LOS) and factors that affect postoperative recovery. METHODS: During 2006-2014, 247 of 265 patients (93.2%) with disease extending into the aortic arch survived aortic root operations (206 elective, 41 urgent/emergent) in which hypothermic circulatory arrest with moderate hypothermia was used...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917566/perioperative-hypothermia-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patients-effectiveness-of-a-thermoregulation-intervention-and-associated-risk-factors
#10
Branden M Engorn, Stephanie L Kahntroff, Karen M Frank, Sarabdeep Singh, Helen A Harvey, Charles T Barkulis, Annika M Barnett, Olamide O Olambiwonnu, Eugenie S Heitmiller, Robert S Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia in neonatal intensive care unit patients is associated with morbidity. Perioperative normothermia is the standard of care. AIMS: We hypothesized that a quality improvement intervention (transport protocol, transport education, ongoing monitoring) would decrease the incidence of perioperative hypothermia. Secondarily, we hypothesized that patients undergoing surgery at a postmenstrual age of <37 weeks or at a weight of <1.5 kg would be at higher risk for perioperative hypothermia...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909278/-surgical-treatment-of-right-atrial-malignant-tumor-thrombus-under-deep-hypothermia-with-intermittent-circulatory-arrest-report-of-two-cases
#11
Akira Fujita, Toshiro Kobayashi, Hideharu Hironaka, Mitsutaka Jinbou, Naomasa Uesugi, Satoshi Saito, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Hidenori Gohra
Right atrial tumor thrombus is rare in patients with visceral malignant tumors and can cause right heart failure or sudden death. We present 2 cases of right atrial tumor thrombus treated under deep hypothermic intermittent circulatory arrest (DHICA). A 45-year-old man with right heart failure was diagnosed with right renal cancer extending to the right atrium. Computed tomography revealed no metastasis. He underwent right nephrectomy and tumor thrombus resection under DHICA. He was discharged on postoperative day 11 in good clinical course...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896157/congenital-neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-retrospective-analysis-at-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
Vijay Singh, Manish Pathak
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyze the etiology, clinical presentation and outcome of neonatal intestinal obstruction at our institute. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical record of all the patients, presented with intestinal obstruction in neonatal period during 2014 and 2015 was reviewed retrospectively for etiology, clinical features, investigations, management, and outcome. RESULTS: Out of total 53 cases of neonatal intestinal obstruction, 27 were of intestinal atresia (9 cases (17%) were of duodenal atresia, 7 (13%) were of jejunal atresia and 8 (13%) were ileal atresias and 3 cases were found with colonic atresia); 7 were malrotation, 17 were Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871559/quality-of-recovery-from-anesthesia-of-patients-undergoing-balanced-or-total-intravenous-general-anesthesia-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Eduardo Toshiyuki Moro, Fábio Caetano Oliveira Leme, Bernardo Roveda Noronha, Gustavo Farinha Pinto Saraiva, Nathália Vianna de Matos Leite, Laís Helena Camacho Navarro
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the quality of recovery from anesthesia of patients subjected to otorhinolaryngological (ORL) surgery under balanced or total intravenous general anesthesia by means of Quality of Recovery-40 (QoR-40) questionnaire. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The setting is at an operating room, a postoperative recovery area, and a hospital ward. PATIENTS: One-hundred thirty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia for ORL interventions under remifentanil, in combination with sevoflurane (balanced technique) or propofol (total intravenous anesthesia)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793556/unilateral-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-and-moderate-hypothermia-assessing-safety-with-novel-biomarkers
#14
Bahadır Aytekin, Ertekin Utku Ünal, Aslı Demir, Uğur Aksu, Aytaç Çalışkan, Kübra Vardar, Fevzi Toraman, Ahmet Sarıtaş
BACKGROUND: Antegrade cerebral perfusion in aortic surgery is a well-established brain protection method. Open distal anastomosis during aortic surgery has some well-known advantages. Antegrade cerebral perfusion allows repair to some extent of the aortic arch, even in isolated ascending aortic aneurysm. The present study aims to investigate the adequacy of contralateral perfusion with novel oxidative stress parameters during unilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion. METHOD: The study included 30 consecutive patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery with unilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion (uACP) under moderate hypothermia (28° C)...
September 13, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783839/intraoperative-hypothermia-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Nicholas B Frisch, Andrew M Pepper, Edward Rooney, Craig Silverton
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are common and successful orthopedic procedures, and as their frequency continues to increase substantially, the focus on limiting perioperative complications heightens. Intraoperative normothermia is recommended to minimize additional complications, but limited evidence exists regarding the effect of hypothermia on orthopedic patients. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of perioperative hypothermia in the setting of TKA and THA, and to evaluate its impact on complications and outcomes...
October 25, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780578/moderate-hypothermia-at-warmer-temperatures-is-safe-in-elective-proximal-and-total-arch-surgery-results-in-665-patients
#16
Ourania Preventza, Joseph S Coselli, Andrea Garcia, Sarang Kashyap, Shahab Akvan, Katherine H Simpson, Matt D Price, Faisal G Bakaeen, Lorraine D Cornwell, Shuab Omer, Kim I de la Cruz, Scott A LeMaire, Denton A Cooley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adverse outcomes after elective aortic arch surgery performed at higher or lower temperatures (24.0°C-28.0°C vs 20.1°C-23.9°C) within the wide range of moderate hypothermia. METHODS: Over a 9-year period, a total of 665 patients underwent elective proximal (n = 479) or total (n = 186) arch replacement with moderate hypothermia and antegrade cerebral perfusion. Circulatory arrest was initiated at an actual temperature of 20.1°C to 23...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777585/time-trends-and-predictors-of-abnormal-postoperative-body-temperature-in-infants-transported-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Hedwig Schroeck, Angela K Lyden, Wendy L Benedict, Satya Krishna Ramachandran
Background. Despite increasing adoption of active warming methods over the recent years, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions on the occurrence of abnormal postoperative temperatures in sick infants. Methods. Preoperative and postoperative temperature readings, patient characteristics, and procedural factors of critically ill infants at a single institution were retrieved retrospectively from June 2006 until May 2014. The primary endpoints were the incidence and trend of postoperative hypothermia and hyperthermia on arrival at the intensive care units...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760282/heated-insufflation-with-or-without-humidification-for-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756210/prevalence-associated-factors-and-treatment-of-post-spinal-shivering-in-a-sub-saharan-tertiary-hospital-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Tonny Stone Luggya, Richard Nicholas Kabuye, Cephas Mijumbi, Joseph Bahe Tindimwebwa, Andrew Kintu
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anaesthesia cause shivering due to thermal dysregulation as a compensatory mechanism and is worsened by vasodilatation from spinal anaesthesia that redistributes core body heat. Due to paucity of data Mulago Hospital's post spinal shivering burden is unknown yet it causes discomfort and morbidity. METHODS: Ethical approval was obtained to perform the study among consenting mothers due for elective caesarean section from March to May 2011...
October 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746522/anesthetic-management-of-intestinal-obstruction-a-postgraduate-educational-review
#20
REVIEW
S Parthasarathy, R Sripriya, N Krishnaveni
Intestinal obstruction is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Scientific assessment of the cause, site of obstruction, appropriate correction of the fluid deficit and electrolyte imbalance with preoperative stabilization of blood gases is ideal as a preoperative workup. Placement of a preoperative epidural catheter especially in the thoracic interspace takes care of perioperative pain and stress reduction. Intraoperative management by controlled general anesthesia administering a relative high inspired fraction of oxygen with invasive monitoring in selected sick cases is mandatory...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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