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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925331/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-modular-clothing-protecting-against-the-cold-based-on-physiological-tests
#1
Anna Marszałek, Grażyna Bartkowiak, Anna Dąbrowska
At many work stations under cold environment, protective clothing, which is provided for the workers is characterized by an inadequate thermal insulation, which results in an adverse impact of cold environment on a worker's body. The purpose of this paper is to present a developed new ergonomic modular cold protective clothing, which allows for easy adaptation of the thermal insulation of clothing to worker's individual needs. This clothing was compared in a laboratory study with the clothing having been used so far by workers of cold environment using physiological and physical measurements, subjective ratings of thermal state as well a questionnaire of subjective assessment of used clothing...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922988/erognomic-education-on-housework-for-women-with-upper-limb-repetitive-strain-injury-rsi-a-conceptual-representation-of-therapists-clinical-reasoning
#2
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O' Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Ergonomic education in housework that aims to facilitate behavior change is important for women with upper limb repetitive strain injury. Therapists usually conduct such programs based on implicit reasoning. Making this reasoning explicit is important in contributing to the profession's knowledge. AIM: To construct a conceptual representation of how occupational therapists make clinical decisions for such program. METHOD: Based on a constructivist-grounded theory methodology, data were collected through in-depth interviewing with 14 occupational therapists from a major hospital in Singapore...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922185/a-pilot-study-to-precisely-quantify-forces-applied-by-sonographers-while-scanning-a-step-toward-reducing-ergonomic-injury
#3
Manish Dhyani, Shawn C Roll, Matthew W Gilbertson, Melanie Orlowski, Arash Anvari, Qian Li, Brian Anthony, Anthony E Samir
BACKGROUND: There is a significantly high rate of work-related musculsokeletal injuries in sonography professionals. To date, assessment of risk factors for work- related injuries in sonographers has been based primarily on surveys, subjective reports, and observational methods. There is a need to develop quantitative techniques to better understand risk factors and develop preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: We pilot tested a high-resolution force-measuring probe capable of precisely measuring forces applied through the transducer by sonographers and used this novel direct measurement technique to evaluate forces during abdominal imaging...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916965/factors-affecting-operative-efficiency-and-post-operative-convalescence-in-laparoendoscopic-single-site-less-adrenalectomy
#4
Yao-Chou Tsai, Chung-Hsien Chen, Ya-Hui Hu, Leay-Kiaw Er, Che-Hsiung Wu, Shih-Chieh Chueh, Victor Chia-Hsiang Lin
BACKGROUND: Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) adrenalectomy is a novel challenging technique which is still under clinical evaluation. Initial reports have revealed its superiority in patient convalescence. In addition, it has been reported that some patient or anatomic factors might affect the ergonomics of LESS adrenalectomy. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible factors that might affect procedural efficiency and patient convalescence in LESS adrenalectomy. METHODS: Between October 2009 and July 2015, 105 consecutive adult patients with benign adrenal tumors, who underwent LESS retroperitoneal adrenalectomy were enrolled in this study...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915154/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#5
Inmaculada Calvo-Muñoz, Francisco M Kovacs, Marta Roqué, Inés Gago Fernández, Jesús Seco Calvo
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted (Prospero CRD42016038186). Observational studies analyzing LBP risk factors among subjects aged between 9 and 16 were searched for in 13 electronic databases and 8 specialized journals until March 31st, 2016, with no language restrictions. Additionally, references in the identified studies were manually tracked. All identified studies which included ≥50 subjects aged 9 to 16, were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914699/ergonomics-in-surgery-a-review
#6
Tatiana Catanzarite, Jasmine Tan-Kim, Emily L Whitcomb, Shawn Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are prevalent among surgeons and may result in practice modification. We aimed to perform a comprehensive review of the English-language literature regarding ergonomic risk, prevalence of WMSDs, and unique ergonomic considerations by route of surgery. METHODS: Multiple searches were performed of PubMed and University library resources to access English-language publications related to surgeon ergonomics. Combinations of keywords were used for each mode of surgery, including the following: "ergonomics," "guidelines," "injury," "operating room," "safety," "surgeon," and "work-related musculoskeletal disorders...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912940/technical-report-on-the-modification-of-3-dimensional-non-contact-human-body-laser-scanner-for-the-measurement-of-anthropometric-dimensions-verification-of-its-accuracy-and-precision
#7
Akram Sadat Jafari Roodbandi, Hamid Naderi, Naser Hashenmi-Nejad, Alireza Choobineh, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Vafa Feyzi
Introduction: Three-dimensional (3D) scanners are widely used in medicine. One of the applications of 3D scanners is the acquisition of anthropometric dimensions for ergonomics and the creation of an anthropometry data bank. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of a modified 3D scanner fabricated in this study. Methods: In this work, a 3D scan of the human body was obtained using DAVID Laser Scanner software and its calibration background, a linear low-power laser, and one advanced webcam...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910316/sources-of-pain-in-laparoendoscopic-gynecological-surgeons-an-analysis-of-ergonomic-factors-and-proposal-of-an-aid-to-improve-comfort
#9
Sa Ra Lee, Sunah Shim, Taeri Yu, Kyungah Jeong, Hye Won Chung
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) offers cosmetic benefits to patients; however, surgeons often experience pain during MIS. We administered an ergonomic questionnaire to 176 Korean laparoscopic gynecological surgeons to determine potential sources of pain during surgery. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that had a significant impact on gynecological surgeons' pain. Operating table height at the beginning of surgery and during the operation were significantly associated with neck and shoulder discomfort (P <0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905748/re-do-no-harm-except-to-ourselves-a-survey-of-symptoms-and-injuries-in%C3%A2-oncologic-surgeons-and-pilot-study-of-an-intraoperative-ergonomic-intervention
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905493/current-status-of-robotic-surgery-in-urology
#11
REVIEW
Masashi Honda, Shuichi Morizane, Katsuya Hikita, Atsushi Takenaka
As a result of ergonomics, optimal magnification of the operative field, surgeon dexterity, and precision of surgical manipulation, robotic technology has been shown to overcome many difficulties associated with pure laparoscopy. With the recent expansion of robot-assisted surgery in the field of urology and following the success of robot-assisted prostatectomy and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, robot-assisted surgery is being applied to treat many other genitourinary diseases, such as bladder cancer and ureteropelvic junction obstruction...
September 14, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900401/development-and-testing-of-a-novel-arm-cranking-powered-watercraft
#12
Thomas Fuglsang, Johnny Padulo, Massimo Spoladore, Michele Dalla Piazza, Luca P Ardigò
There is a lack of human-powered watercrafts for people with lower-body disabilities. The purpose of this study was therefore to develop a watercraft for disabled people and investigate the metabolic cost and efficiency when pedaling. The watercraft was designed by combining parts of a waterbike and a handbike. Nine able-bodied subjects pedaled the watercraft at different speeds on a lake to provide steady-state metabolic measurements, and a deceleration test was performed to measure the hydrodynamic resistance of the watercraft...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895155/work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-otolaryngologists-by-subspecialty-a-national-survey
#13
Thuy-Van Tina Ho, Chelsea S Hamill, Kevin J Sykes, Shannon M Kraft
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms, increased appreciation for workplace ergonomics is critical. The purpose of this study is to assess work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and injury among otolaryngologists across subspecialties, as well as to quantify the understanding and application of ergonomic principles in the operating room. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: An online REDCap survey was distributed electronically to University of Kansas faculty, alumni, and residents; members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; and residency program coordinators for distribution to residents and faculty between August 2016 and March 2017...
September 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894216/correlative-evaluation-of-mental-and-physical-workload-of-laparoscopic-surgeons-based-on-surface-electromyography-and-eye-tracking-signals
#14
Jian-Yang Zhang, Sheng-Lin Liu, Qing-Min Feng, Jia-Qi Gao, Qiang Zhang
Surgeons' mental and physical workloads are major focuses of operating room (OR) ergonomics, and studies on this topic have generally focused on either mental workload or physical workload, ignoring the interaction between them. Previous studies have shown that physically demanding work may affect mental performance and may be accompanied by impaired mental processing and decreased performance. In this study, 14 participants were recruited to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) procedures in a virtual simulator...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876161/ergonomic-interventions-for-prevention-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-a-small-manufacturing-assembly-line
#15
Wonkyoung Shin, Minyong Park
The aim of this study involves performing improvements in workstation specification by using a 3-D human modeling tool and proposing well-balanced work scheduling (WBWS) to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in a small manufacturing plant. To analyze risk factors of WMSDs, various tasks in ten different types of workstations were evaluated with a detailed motion analysis using a customized checklist. Questionnaires were administered to 27 workers to evaluate symptoms related to WMSDs. Revised specifications of a workstation were suggested based on anthropometric characteristics of workers by using before-after analyses as an engineering control...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872097/robot-assisted-thyroidectomy-using-a-gasless-transaxillary-approach-for-the-management-of-thyroid-lesions-indian-experience
#16
S P Somashekhar, K R Ashwin
AIM: Since last decades, more and more thyroidectomies have been performed by the minimally invasive method. Compared to conventional thyroidectomy, minimally invasive thyroidectomy has a superior cosmetic result. However, the outcome depends, in a large extent, on the skill of the operator and the learning curve is relatively long. Robotic thyroidectomy (RT) is a relatively new approach in treating thyroid lesions with improved ergonomics and surgical outcomes. PURPOSE: We performed a prospective study of robotic-assisted transaxillary approach for thyroidectomy in Indian patients to examine the feasibility of the procedure...
October 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870373/new-technologies-in-human-factors-and-ergonomics-research-and-practice
#17
EDITORIAL
Jia-Hua Lin, Alex Kirlik, Xu Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868989/ergonomics-investigation-for-orientation-of-the-handles-of-wood-routers
#18
Siddharth Bhardwaj, Abid Ali Khan
Improperly designed hand tools not only exposes the workers to potential health risks but also hamper their productivity. This study tries to improve the ergonomics of wood routing tasks, suggesting better handle orientations for hand held wood routers. In this study, seven different handle combinations were tested over two routing tasks (beading and dado) in regard with perceived discomfort, electromyography (EMG) of biceps brachi (BB) and extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB), and hand-arm vibrations (HAV)...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866600/a-review-in-detection-and-monitoring-gait-disorders-using-in-shoe-plantar-measurement-systems
#19
Julian A Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge A Huerta-Ruelas, Silvia L Chaparro-Cardenas, Antonio Hernandez-Zavala
Gait is an important part of our daily life as people do many activities in this dynamic position. Special footwear is fundamental to obtain an ergonomic gait and to extract data for analysis. The plantar foot pressure can be employed to detect many kinds of disorders, suggest improvements in treatments, rehabilitation tasks, patient monitoring, development of orthopedic devices and other applications. In the last years, attention in this topic is growing reflected in many works issued in both commercial and academic groups, focused on the development of devices for foot plantar pressure measurement with applications in medicine, sports, and research...
August 30, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857135/the-future-of-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-gynaecologic-surgery-in-australia-a-time-and-a-place-for-everything
#20
REVIEW
James Nicklin
There has been a significant increase in minimally invasive surgery in gynaecology over the last 15 years, with approximately only one-third of hysterectomies for benign disease now performed via laparotomy. While robotic surgery offers considerable technical advantages over conventional laparoscopy and is associated with only a modest learning curve, the improvement in clinical outcomes is marginal and there are several disadvantages. There are increased set-up and operating times, the need to accommodate and maintain large sophisticated equipment, and the requirement for additional training...
August 31, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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