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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898512/cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-and-patients-ability-to-work-a-current-perspective
#1
Saskia F A Duijts, Allard J van der Beek, Ingrid G Boelhouwer, Sanne B Schagen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: About half of all cancer survivors are 65 years of age or younger and potentially part of the labor force. Increasing numbers of these survivors are able to return to work (RTW) or even continue working during treatment. Many factors are known to inhibit occupational reintegration of cancer survivors, and further affect job performance after RTW. However, the impact of cancer-related cognitive impairment on work-related outcomes in cancer survivors is not well understood...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898040/identification-of-object-dynamics-using-hand-worn-motion-and-force-sensors
#2
Henk G Kortier, H Martin Schepers, Peter H Veltink
Emerging microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based sensors become much more applicable for on-body measurement purposes lately. Especially, the development of a finger tip-sized tri-axial force sensor gives the opportunity to measure interaction forces between the human hand and environmental objects. We have developed a new prototype device that allows simultaneous 3D force and movement measurements at the finger and thumb tips. The combination of interaction forces and movements makes it possible to identify the dynamical characteristics of the object being handled by the hand...
November 26, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893369/customized-body-mapping-to-facilitate-the-ergonomic-design-of-sportswear
#3
Mingliang Cao, Yi Li, Yueping Guo, Lei Yao, Zhigeng Pan
A successful high-performance sportswear design that considers human factors should result in a significant increase in thermal comfort and reduce energy loss. The authors describe a body-mapping approach that facilitates the effective ergonomic design of sportswear. Their general framework can be customized based on the functional requirements of various sports and sportswear, the desired combination and selection of mapping areas for the human body, and customized quantitative data distribution of target physiological indicators...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892979/the-need-for-ergonomics-education-in-dermatology-and-dermatologic-surgery-sit-up-straight-stand-up-tall-and-carry-a-sharp-scalpel
#4
Ashish C Bhatia, Shuai Xu, June K Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890160/children-s-choice-color-associations-in-children-s-safety-sign-design
#5
Kin Wai Michael Siu, Mei Seung Lam, Yi Lin Wong
Color has been more identified as a key consideration in ergonomics. Color conveys messages and is an important element in safety signs, as it provides extra information to users. However, very limited recent research has focused on children and their color association in the context of safety signs. This study thus examined how children use colors in drawing different safety signs and how they associate colors with different concepts and objects that appear in safety signs. Drawing was used to extract children's use of color and the associations they made between signs and colors...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890153/the-arm-force-field-method-to-predict-manual-arm-strength-based-on-only-hand-location-and-force-direction
#6
Nicholas J La Delfa, Jim R Potvin
This paper describes the development of a novel method (termed the 'Arm Force Field' or 'AFF') to predict manual arm strength (MAS) for a wide range of body orientations, hand locations and any force direction. This method used an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the effects of hand location and force direction on MAS, and included a method to estimate the contribution of the arm's weight to the predicted strength. The AFF method predicted the MAS values very well (r(2) = 0.97, RMSD = 5.2 N, n = 456) and maintained good generalizability with external test data (r(2) = 0...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890150/assessing-ergonomic-risks-of-software-development-of-the-seat
#7
S Camille Peres, Ranjana K Mehta, Paul Ritchey
Software utilizing interaction designs that require extensive dragging or clicking of icons may increase users' risks for upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders. The purpose of this research is to develop a Self-report Ergonomic Assessment Tool (SEAT) for assessing the risks of software interaction designs and facilitate mitigation of those risks. A 28-item self-report measure was developed by combining and modifying items from existing industrial ergonomic tools. Data were collected from 166 participants after they completed four different tasks that varied by method of input (touch or keyboard and mouse) and type of task (selecting or typing)...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890148/seated-reach-capabilities-for-ergonomic-design-and-evaluation-with-consideration-of-reach-difficulties
#8
Qun Liu, Jindong Ren, Qian Zhang, Meng Hua
This paper aimed to identify the reach capabilities of 26 seated subjects considering the reach difficulty, orientation and other potential factors, and to find a method to model the minimum reach capability surfaces for fixed and adjustable seats. The reach capability radius was used as a measure of the reach capability and theoretically modeled. Based on the test data of seated reach, the distribution of the reach capability radius was analyzed. The strategy to select the minimum reach envelopes was constructed to accommodate a sufficient percentage of the target population for both fixed and adjustable seats...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890134/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-foot-length-implications-for-size-grading
#9
Matthew Hill, Roozbeh Naemi, Helen Branthwaite, Nachiappan Chockalingam
OBJECTIVE: Medial longitudinal Arch Height is synonymous with classifying foot type and conversely foot function. Detailed knowledge of foot anthropometry is essential in the development of ergonomically sound footwear. Current Footwear design incorporates a direct proportionate scaling of instep dimensions with those of foot length. The objective of this paper is to investigate if a direct proportional relationship exists between human arch height parameters and foot length in subjects with normal foot posture...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890133/blood-sampling-two-sides-to-the-story
#10
Laura Pickup, Sarah Atkinson, Erik Hollnagel, Paul Bowie, Sandra Gray, Sam Rawlinson, Kate Forrester
This study aimed to investigate why there is variability in taking blood. A multi method Pilot study was completed in four National Health Service Scotland hospitals. Human Factors/Ergonomics principles were applied to analyse data from 50 observations, 15 interviews and 12-months of incident data from all Scottish hospitals. The Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) was used to understand why variability may influence blood sampling functions. The analysis of the 61 pre blood transfusion sampling incidents highlighted limitations in the data collected to understand factors influencing performance...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890132/the-stage-of-change-approach-for-implementing-ergonomics-advice-translating-research-into-practice
#11
Paul Rothmore, Paul Aylward, Jodi Oakman, David Tappin, Jodi Gray, Jonathan Karnon
The Stage of Change (SOC) approach has been proposed as a method to improve the implementation of ergonomics advice. However, despite evidence for its efficacy there is little evidence to suggest it has been adopted by ergonomics consultants. This paper investigates barriers and facilitators to the implementation, monitoring and effectiveness of ergonomics advice and the adoption of the SOC approach in a series of focus groups and a subsequent survey of members of the Human Factors Societies of Australia and New Zealand...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890128/johnny-was-here-from-airmanship-to-airlineship
#12
Torgeir K Haavik, Trond Kongsvik, Rolf Johan Bye, Jens Olgard Dalseth Røyrvik, Petter Grytten Almklov
In this article we explore the phenomenon of airmanship in commercial passenger flights, in a context of increasing standardisation of procedures and technologies. Through observation studies in cockpits and interviews we have studied pilots' practices and how they relate to the larger system of procedures and the technical environment. We find that practices are to a large extent guided by standard operating procedures, and that interchangeability of pilots and aircrafts is both a prerequisite for and enabled by this standardised regime...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890127/evaluating-a-digital-ship-design-tool-prototype-designers-perceptions-of-novel-ergonomics-software
#13
Steven C Mallam, Monica Lundh, Scott N MacKinnon
Computer-aided solutions are essential for naval architects to manage and optimize technical complexities when developing a ship's design. Although there are an array of software solutions aimed to optimize the human element in design, practical ergonomics methodologies and technological solutions have struggled to gain widespread application in ship design processes. This paper explores how a new ergonomics technology is perceived by naval architecture students using a mixed-methods framework. Thirteen Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Masters students participated in the study...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890126/hto-a-complementary-ergonomics-approach
#14
Anette Karltun, Johan Karltun, Martina Berglund, Jörgen Eklund
The field of human factors and ergonomics constitutes a strong potential in systems analysis, design and improvement. However, it is difficult to communicate its potential value. This paper addresses how the human-technology-organization (HTO) concept can be defined and supports the understanding, communication and development of the systems' character and potential of human factors and ergonomics. Empirical examples from the authors' experiences of working with the HTO concept in R&D and teaching are illustrated, including its usefulness as: 1) a conceptual model; 2) an analysis framework; 3) a meta methodology; 4) a pedagogical tool; and 5) a design tool...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890122/safety-in-passenger-ships-the-influence-of-environmental-design-characteristics-on-people-s-perception-of-safety
#15
Markus Ahola, Ruth Mugge
Although objective safety is a widely studied topic in ergonomics, subjective safety has received far less research attention. Nevertheless, most of human decision-making and behavior depends on how we perceive our environment. This study investigates the effects of various environmental design characteristics on people's safety perception in a passenger ship context. Five different environmental design characteristics were manipulated to increase the openness of the space or to create more clear navigation, resulting in 20 different cabin corridors for a passenger ship...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890117/latent-error-detection-a-golden-two-hours-for-detection
#16
Justin R E Saward, Neville A Stanton
Undetected error in safety critical contexts generates a latent condition that can contribute to a future safety failure. The detection of latent errors post-task completion is observed in naval air engineers using a diary to record work-related latent error detection (LED) events. A systems view is combined with multi-process theories to explore sociotechnical factors associated with LED. Perception of cues in different environments facilitates successful LED, for which the deliberate review of past tasks within two hours of the error occurring and whilst remaining in the same or similar sociotechnical environment to that which the error occurred appears most effective...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860142/single-incision-robotic-cholecystectomy-a-special-emphasis-on-utilization-of-transparent-glove-ports-to-overcome-limitations-of-single-site-port
#17
Hongeun Lee, Doo-Ho Lee, Hongbeom Kim, Youngmin Han, Sun-Whe Kim, Jin-Young Jang
BACKGROUND: The current robotic platform overcomes some limitations of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC), however, whether robotic surgery is a safe and feasible approach must be investigated. METHODS: Patients referred for elective surgery willing to undergo single-incision robotic cholecystectomy (SIRC) by consent were enrolled. All procedures were performed by the same team using the same surgical equipment. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent SIRC...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857047/evaluation-of-rheological-parameters-of-the-axial-system-using-the-transfer-vibration-through-spine-tvs-method
#18
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The human motion system reacts to both hypo and hyperactivity loads by changes to the rheological properties of tissues. This study deals with changes to the axial system (AS) compartment. Using the appropriate methodologies and mathematical-physical methods, these changes can be identified and quantified. METHODS: This study describes the noninvasive TVS (Transfer Vibration through Spine) method, which was applied to assess the AS selected mechanical properties in various modes...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854185/reduction-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-risk-factors-following-ergonomics-education-of-sewing-machine-operators
#19
Sıdıka Bulduk, Emre Özgür Bulduk, Tufan Süren
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a major hazard for sewing machine operators. Ergonomics education is recommended for reducing musculoskeletal disorders at workstations. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an ergonomics education in reducing the exposure to risk factors for WMSDs among sewing machine operators. In this study of 278 workers, their exposure to the risk of WMSDs was assessed using the quick exposure check (QEC) scale prior to them attending an ergonomics education programme and then again 3 months after the programme...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849288/physical-therapy-in-occupational-health-and-ergonomics-practical-applications-and-innovative-research-approaches
#20
LETTER
Rosimeire S Padula, Ana B Oliveira, Rodrigo L Carregaro, Tatiana O Sato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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