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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777740/rapid-response-systems
#1
REVIEW
Patrick G Lyons, Dana P Edelson, Matthew M Churpek
INTRODUCTION: Rapid response systems are commonly employed by hospitals to identify and respond to deteriorating patients outside of the intensive care unit. Controversy exists about the benefits of rapid response systems. AIMS: We aimed to review the current state of the rapid response literature, including evolving aspects of afferent (risk detection) and efferent (intervention) arms, outcome measurement, process improvement, and implementation. DATA SOURCES: Articles written in English and published in PubMed...
May 16, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777355/reduced-port-totally-robotic-distal-subtotal-gastrectomy-with-lymph-node-dissection-for-gastric-cancer-a-modified-technique-using-single-site-%C3%A2-and-two-additional-ports
#2
Won Jun Seo, Taeil Son, Chul Kyu Roh, Minah Cho, Hyoung-Il Kim, Woo Jin Hyung
BACKGROUND: Reduced-port laparoscopic gastrectomy further minimizes the invasiveness of laparoscopic gastrectomy, thereby improving patient quality of life. However, suboptimal ergonomics and visualization are challenges to performing reduced-port laparoscopy. As the application of a robotic surgical system may help overcome these challenges, the present study was performed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of reduced-port totally robotic distal subtotal gastrectomy. METHOD: An initial 40 consecutive gastric cancer patients treated with reduced-port totally robotic distal subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection from February 2016 to February 2017 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776452/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-registered-general-nurses-a-case-of-a-large-central-hospital-in-harare-zimbabwe
#3
M Chiwaridzo, V Makotore, J M Dambi, N Munambah, M Mhlanga
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a common cause of morbidity affecting occupational individuals such as health-care professionals. However, nothing is known about WMSDs in hospital nurses in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to provide cross-sectional evidence of the 12-month prevalence, consequences and factors associated with WMSDs among 208 nurses at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals (PGH). RESULTS: The response rate for the study was 55...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772768/within-and-between-individual-variability-of-exposure-to-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-risk-factors
#4
Mohsen Zare, Jean-Claude Sagot, Yves Roquelaure
Industrial companies indicate a tendency to eliminate variations in operator strategies, particularly following implementation of the lean principle. Companies believe when the operators perform the same prescribed tasks, they have to execute them in the same manner (completing the same gestures and being exposed to the same risk factors). They attempt to achieve better product quality by standardizing and reducing operational leeway. However, operators adjust and modify ways of performing tasks to balance between their abilities and the requirements of the job...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763504/investigational-clinical-trial-of-a-prototype-optoelectronic-computer-aided-navigation-device-for-dental-implant-surgery
#5
Asbjørn Jokstad, Brenton Winnett, Joseph Fava, David Powell, Eszter Somogyi-Ganss
PURPOSE: New digital technologies enable real-time computer-aided (CA) three-dimensional (3D) guidance during dental implant surgery. The aim of this investigational clinical trial was to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a prototype optoelectronic CA-navigation device in comparison with the conventional approach for planning and effecting dental implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study participants with up to four missing teeth were recruited from the pool of patients referred to the University of Toronto Graduate Prosthodontics clinic...
May 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757713/conceptual-frameworks-for-the-workplace-change-adoption-process-elements-integration-from-decision-making-and-learning-cycle-process
#6
Radin Zaid Radin Umar, Carolyn M Sommerich, Steve A Lavender, Elizabeth Sanders, Kevin D Evans
Sound workplace ergonomics and safety-related interventions may be resisted by employees, and this may be detrimental to multiple stakeholders. Understanding fundamental aspects of decision making, behavioral change, and learning cycles may provide insights into pathways influencing employees' acceptance of interventions. This manuscript reviews published literature on thinking processes and other topics relevant to decision making and incorporates the findings into two new conceptual frameworks of the workplace change adoption process...
May 14, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745799/sweat-from-gland-to-skin-surface-production-transport-and-skin-absorption
#7
Nicola Margaret Gerrett, Katy E Griggs, Bernard Redortier, Thomas Voelcker, Narihiko Kondo, George Havenith
By combining galvanic skin conductance (GSC), stratum corneum hydration (HYD) and regional surface sweat rate (RSR) measurements at the arm, thigh, back and chest, we closely monitored the passage of sweat from gland to skin surface. Through a varied exercise-rest protocol, sweating was increased slowly and decreased in 16 male and female human participants (25.3 {plus minus} 4.7 yrs, 174.6 {plus minus} 10.1 cm, 71.3 {plus minus} 12.0 kg, 53.0 {plus minus} 6.8 ml∙kg∙min-1 ). ∆GSC and HYD increased prior to RSR, indicating pre-secretory sweat gland activity and skin hydration...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744110/comparison-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-between-male-cameramen-and-male-office-workers
#8
Han-Seur Jeong, Byung-Seong Suh, Soo-Geun Kim, Won-Sool Kim, Won-Cheol Lee, Kyung-Hun Son, Min-Woo Nam
Background: Previous studies have classified cameramen's job as physiologically heavy work and identified the risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in cameramen. However, those studies limited their research subjects to cameramen. In this study, we compared the frequency and severity of WRMDs between cameramen and office workers. Methods: A total of 293 subjects working in four broadcasting companies in Korea were recruited. A questionnaire survey was conducted for a month, starting in October 2016...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743780/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-three-ergonomic-risk-assessment-methods-rula-luba-and-nerpa-to-predict-the-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders
#9
Saeid Yazdanirad, Amir Hossein Khoshakhlagh, Ehsanollah Habibi, Asma Zare, Mohammad Zeinodini, Fatemeh Dehghani
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major problem in all jobs. Several methods are available for assessing the exposure to risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders. This study is aimed at comparing three different ergonomic risk assessment methods-rapid upper limb assessment (RULA), loading on the upper body assessment (LUBA), and new ergonomic posture assessment (NERPA) method-to predict upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 210 workers from three different industries including pharmaceutical, automotive, and assembly in the Isfahan province...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734063/neuromechanical-adaptations-to-slippery-sport-shoes
#10
Cédric Y M Morio, Alexis Herbaut
Although shoe friction has been widely studied in occupational ergonomics, information was lacking about friction in sport shoes. The purpose of the study was to examine the neuromechanical adaptations to different shoe-surface interface in an aerobic-gym specific movement. Sixteen females performed 10 change of direction movements in two shoe conditions differing by their outsoles (ethyl-vinyl-acetate: EVA and rubber: RB) to ensure significant differences in mechanical coefficients of friction (EVA = 0...
May 4, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733039/ergonomic-work-analysis-a-case-study-of-bus-drivers-in-the-private-collective-transportation-sector
#11
Adolfo Vicente Araújo, Gemima Santos Arcanjo, Haroldo Fernandes, Georgia Santos Arcanjo
BACKGROUND: The collective transportation system is essential to reduce the number of automobiles in the roads. Concerns exist related to quality, comfort and safety of bus driver's workstations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to improve the driver's workstation in the private collective transportation sector by analyzing ergonomic practices using the Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA). The EWA was chosen because it seeks to evaluate the labor condition as it relates to the psychophysiological conditions of workers, it complies with regulatory standard 17 (NR17)...
May 3, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733032/reducing-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-through-implementation-of-kiken-yochi-training-intervention-approach
#12
Noor Afifah Ya'acob, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Irniza Rasdi, Anita Abd Rahman, Suriani Ismail
BACKGROUND: Work tasks in pineapple plantations in Malaysia are characterised by non-ergonomic work postures, repetitive tasks, awkward posture and manual handling of work tools that contribute to the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). There have been very limited studies performed among pineapple plantation workers focusing on ergonomic intervention programs to specifically reduce MSS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of work improvement module using a Kiken Yochi participatory approach intervention in reducing MSS among male migrant pineapple farm plantation workers in Pontian, Johor...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733012/robotic-approach-in-benign-and-malignant-esophageal-tumors-a-preliminary-seven-case-series
#13
Victor Tomulescu, Codrut Stanescu, Cristian Blajut, Loredana Barbulescu, Gabriela Droc, Vlad Herlea, Irinel Popescu
Esophageal surgery has been recognized as very challenging for surgeons and risky for patients. Thoracoscopic approach have proved its benefit in esophageal surgery but has some drawbacks as tremor and limited degrees of freedom, contra-intuitive movements and fulcrum effect of the surgical tools. Robotic technology has been developed with the intent to overcome these limitations of the standard laparoscopy or thoracoscopy. These benefits of robotic procedure are most advantageous when operating in remote areas difficult to reach as in esophageal surgery...
March 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732196/innovative-surgical-endoscopes-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Truman Cheng, Calvin S H Ng, Zheng Li
In the past three decades, rod lens endoscopes had facilitated the development and wide spread applications of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). With the rise of uniportal VATS in recent years, innovations in surgical instruments should once again complement the advancement in surgical technique. While articulated flexible endoscopes have expand the field of view, and can alter viewing direction with minimal maneuvers, they still suffer from problems like trocar crowding and interference with other instruments...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726307/research-on-key-indicators-in-modern-surgical-practice-assessment-ergonomic-approach
#15
Dragutin Grozdanovic, Miroljub Grozdanovic
It is undeniable that fundamental requirements in surgery refer to the adequate use of medical knowledge (eg, clinical knowledge and technical skills). However, this knowledge and skills of surgeons should be supplemented with synergetic research of capabilities of surgeons, operating rooms (ORs), and nontechnical skills. In this article, by using expert research, we presented 15 key indicators in surgical practice assessment. Communication efficiency in the OR has been ranked as the first and most important among indicators using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method...
May 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725966/iot-in-radiology-using-raspberry-pi-to-automatically-log-telephone-calls-in-the-reading-room
#16
REVIEW
Po-Hao Chen, Nathan Cross
The work environment for medical imaging such as distractions, ergonomics, distance, temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions generates a paucity of data and is difficult to analyze. The emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) with decreasing cost of single-board computers like Raspberry Pi makes creating customized hardware to collect data from the clinical environment within the reach of a clinical imaging informaticist. This article will walk the reader through a series of basic project using a variety sensors and devices in conjunction with a Pi to gather data, culminating in a complex example designed to automatically detect and log telephone calls...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725705/-knee-school-as-a-secondary-preventive-approach-the-sustainable-treatment-of-occupational-gonarthrosis
#17
S Dalichau, M Giemsa, T Solbach, M Büschke, D Engel, T Möller, A Wahl-Wachendorf
BACKGROUND: 2-6 months after successful medical rehabilitation in gonarthrosis, the positive effects remit without the implementation of adequate aftercare strategies. OBJECTIVES: A prospective comparative study aimed to investigate whether and to what extent the sustainability model of knee school for the secondary preventive treatment of occupational gonarthrosis is able to maintain positive treatment effects in the medium term. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 292 male employees from the building trade went through the three-week phase 1 of the biopsychosocial knee college with a focus on ergonomics and muscle strength training...
May 3, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724438/critical-care-nurses-cognitive-ergonomics-related-to-medical-device-alarms
#18
REVIEW
Shu-Fen Wung, Marilyn Rose Schatz
This study uniquely gained insight into the intricacy of intensive care nurses' decision-making process when responding to and managing device alarms. Difficulty in responding to alarms included low staffing, multiple job responsibilities, and competing priority tasks. Novice nurses are more tolerant of alarms sounding owing to a lower threshold of comfort with resetting or silencing alarms; more experienced nurses are more comfortable resetting alarm limits to the patient's baseline. Understanding the decision-making process used by nurses can guide the development of policies and learning experiences that are crucial clinical support for alarm management...
June 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710638/sustainable-forest-operations-sfo-a-new-paradigm-in-a-changing-world-and-climate
#19
REVIEW
Enrico Marchi, Woodam Chung, Rien Visser, Dalia Abbas, Tomas Nordfjell, Piotr S Mederski, Andrew McEwan, Michal Brink, Andrea Laschi
The effective implementation of sustainable forest management depends largely on carrying out forest operations in a sustainable manner. Climate change, as well as the increasing demand for forest products, requires a re-thinking of forest operations in terms of sustainability. In this context, it is important to understand the major driving factors for the future development of forest operations that promote economic, environmental and social well-being. The main objective of this paper is to identify important issues concerning forest operations and to propose a new paradigm towards sustainability in a changing climate, work and environmental conditions...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708640/augmented-reality-for-the-surgeon-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jang W Yoon, Robert E Chen, Esther J Kim, Oluwaseun O Akinduro, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Phillip K Han, Phong Si, William D Freeman, Roberto J Diaz, Ricardo J Komotar, Stephen M Pirris, Benjamin L Brown, Mohamad Bydon, Michael Y Wang, Robert E Wharen, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of wearable head-up displays, there has been much interest in the surgical community adapting this technology into routine surgical practice. METHODS: We used the keywords augmented reality OR wearable device OR head-up display AND surgery using PubMed, EBSCO, IEEE and SCOPUS databases. After exclusions, 74 published articles that evaluated the utility of wearable head-up displays in surgical settings were included in our review...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
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