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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#1
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198966/computerized-nursing-process-in-the-intensive-care-unit-ergonomics-and-usability
#2
Sônia Regina Wagner de Almeida, Grace Teresinha Marcon Dal Sasso, Daniela Couto Carvalho Barra
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the ergonomics and usability criteria of the Computerized Nursing Process based on the International Classification for Nursing Practice in the Intensive Care Unit according to International Organization for Standardization(ISO). METHOD: A quantitative, quasi-experimental, before-and-after study with a sample of 16 participants performed in an Intensive Care Unit. Data collection was performed through the application of five simulated clinical cases and an evaluation instrument...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195660/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-ergonomic-solutions-in-construction
#3
Ann Marie Dale, Lisa Jaegers, Laura Welch, Ellen Barnidge, Nancy Weaver, Bradley A Evanoff
BACKGROUND: Rates of musculoskeletal disorders in construction remain high. Few studies have described barriers and facilitators to the use of available ergonomic solutions. This paper describes these barriers and facilitators and their relationship to the level of adoption. METHODS: Three analysts rated 16 proposed ergonomic solutions from a participatory ergonomics study and assessed the level of adoption, six adoption characteristics, and identified the category of adoption from a theoretical model...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182176/risk-factors-for-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-office-workers-in-qom-province-iran
#4
Seyedeh Shohreh Alavi, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: The identification of the risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is the first step in designing effective preventive interventions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between individual, organizational, physical, and psychological factors and upper extremity MSDs (i.e., shoulder, elbow and hand/wrist). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the study population was comprised of office workers from Qom Province, Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166897/field-tests-of-a-participatory-ergonomics-toolkit-for-total-worker-health
#5
Suzanne Nobrega, Laura Kernan, Bora Plaku-Alakbarova, Michelle Robertson, Nicholas Warren, Robert Henning
Growing interest in Total Worker Health(®) (TWH) programs to advance worker safety, health and well-being motivated development of a toolkit to guide their implementation. Iterative design of a program toolkit occurred in which participatory ergonomics (PE) served as the primary basis to plan integrated TWH interventions in four diverse organizations. The toolkit provided start-up guides for committee formation and training, and a structured PE process for generating integrated TWH interventions. Process data from program facilitators and participants throughout program implementation were used for iterative toolkit design...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166893/the-impact-of-intraoperative-microbreaks-with-exercises-on-surgeons-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#6
M S Hallbeck, B R Lowndes, J Bingener, A M Abdelrahman, D Yu, A Bartley, A E Park
Recent literature has demonstrated ergonomic risk to surgeons in the operating room. One method used in other industries to mitigate these ergonomic risks is the incorporation of microbreaks. Thus, intraoperative microbreaks with exercises in a non-crossover design were studied. Fifty-six attending surgeons from 4 Medical Centers volunteered first in a day of their regular surgeries and then second day where there were microbreaks with exercises that could be performed in the sterile field, answering questions after each case, without significantly increasing the duration of their surgeries...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166892/a-qualitative-review-of-existing-national-and-international-occupational-safety-and-health-policies-relating-to-occupational-sedentary-behaviour
#7
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Nicholas Gilson, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
Prolonged sedentary time is now recognised as an emergent ergonomics issue. We aimed to review current occupational safety and health policies relevant to occupational sedentary behaviour. An electronic search for documents was conducted on websites of ergonomics and occupational safety and health organisations from 10 countries and six international/pan-European agencies. Additionally, 43 informants (nine countries) were contacted and an international conference workshop held. 119 documents (e.g. legislation, guidelines, codes of practice) were identified...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166890/ergonomic-evaluation-of-brake-pedal-and-push-handle-locations-on-hospital-beds
#8
Jie Zhou, Neal Wiggermann
Transporting patients in hospital beds is a physically demanding activity performed by healthcare workers and bed design may moderate the risk of injury. Nine healthcare workers participated in a study to investigate how brake pedal location affected maximal voluntary exertion (MVE) force and the level of acceptable force for engagement. Preferred and acceptable push heights when maneuvering a bed were also evaluated. The method of limits was used to determine acceptable forces and push heights. Results demonstrated that pedal depth, clearance above, and clearance behind the pedal significantly affected MVE force and acceptable force...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166880/repositioning-a-passive-patient-in-bed-choosing-an-ergonomically-advantageous-assistive-device
#9
Chava Weiner, Leonid Kalichman, Joseph Ribak, Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson
Repositioning of passive patients in bed creates health risks to the nursing personnel. Therefore, appropriate assistive devices should be used. Our aim was to find the optimal assistive device for reducing musculoskeletal load while moving a passive patient in bed. Torso kinematic inputs evaluated by the Lumbar Motion Monitor (LMM) and perceived load (Borg scale) were measured in female nurses performing 27 patient transfers [represented by a mannequin weighing 55 (12 nurses), 65 (24 nurses) and 75 kg (12 nurses) in bed] using a regular sheet, a sliding sheet and a carrier...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159113/using-rgb-d-sensors-and-evolutionary-algorithms-for-the-optimization-of-workstation-layouts
#10
Jose Antonio Diego-Mas, Rocio Poveda-Bautista, Diana Garzon-Leal
RGB-D sensors can collect postural data in an automatized way. However, the application of these devices in real work environments requires overcoming problems such as lack of accuracy or body parts' occlusion. This work presents the use of RGB-D sensors and genetic algorithms for the optimization of workstation layouts. RGB-D sensors are used to capture workers' movements when they reach objects on workbenches. Collected data are then used to optimize workstation layout by means of genetic algorithms considering multiple ergonomic criteria...
January 31, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154988/computer-aided-reporting-of-chest-radiographs-efficient-and-effective-screening-in-the-value-based-imaging-era
#11
Michael Morris, Babak Saboury, Niketh Bandla, Christopher Toland, Christopher Meenan, Eliot Siegel, Jean Jeudy
In the post-PACS era, mammography is unique in adopting specialized ergonomic interfaces to improve efficiency in a high volume setting. Chest radiography is also a high volume area of radiology. The authors hypothesize that applying a novel interface for chest radiography interpretation and reporting could create high productivity while maintaining quality. A custom version of the ClearCanvas open source software, EzRad, was created with a workflow re-designed specifically for tuberculosis screening chest radiographs, which utilized standardized computer generated reports...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152485/soft-conformal-bioelectronics-for-a-wireless-human-wheelchair-interface
#12
Saswat Mishra, James J S Norton, Yongkuk Lee, Dong Sup Lee, Nicolas Agee, Yanfei Chen, Youngjae Chun, Woon-Hong Yeo
There are more than 3 million people in the world whose mobility relies on wheelchairs. Recent advancement on engineering technology enables more intuitive, easy-to-use rehabilitation systems. A human-machine interface that uses non-invasive, electrophysiological signals can allow a systematic interaction between human and devices; for example, eye movement-based wheelchair control. However, the existing machine-interface platforms are obtrusive, uncomfortable, and often cause skin irritations as they require a metal electrode affixed to the skin with a gel and acrylic pad...
January 25, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151607/raising-ergonomic-mindfulness
#13
Robert Pater
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149742/endoscopic-calcaneoplasty-and-achilles-tendoscopy-with-the-patient-in-supine-position
#14
Tun Hing Lui
Insertional and non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy is usually treated conservatively. Surgery is indicated if conservative treatment fails to relieve the pain. Endoscopic surgery has the advantages of less morbidity, a shorter operating time, reduced postoperative pain, and a lower rate of wound and soft-tissue healing problems. Patients will have a short recovery time and quickly resume work and sports because of less soft-tissue disruption. Moreover, the pathology can be better differentiated and precisely treated...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148473/a-mobile-device-app-to-reduce-time-to-drug-delivery-and-medication-errors-during-simulated-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Christophe Combescure, Laurence Lacroix, Kevin Haddad, Oliver Sanchez, Alain Gervaix, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano
BACKGROUND: During pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), vasoactive drug preparation for continuous infusion is both complex and time-consuming, placing children at higher risk than adults for medication errors. Following an evidence-based ergonomic-driven approach, we developed a mobile device app called Pediatric Accurate Medication in Emergency Situations (PedAMINES), intended to guide caregivers step-by-step from preparation to delivery of drugs requiring continuous infusion...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146678/measuring-sustained-attention-and-perceived-workload
#16
Cynthia Laurie-Rose, Lori M Curtindale, Meredith Frey
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of spatial uncertainty, field dependence/independence (FD/I), and sex on vigilance performance and perceived workload in elementary school children. BACKGROUND: Building on previous work in which children demonstrated their ability to evaluate workload, we tested whether spatial-uncertainty manipulations in a vigilance task would elicit in children the same deleterious effects on performance and workload as it does with adults...
February 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146677/between-two-worlds
#17
Peter A Hancock, Carryl L Baldwin, Joel S Warm, James L Szalma
OBJECTIVE: To provide an evaluative overview of the life and contributions of Raja Parasuraman. BACKGROUND: From his earliest contributions in clarifying and explaining the problematic area of vigilance to his most recent interdisciplinary advances in understanding how genotype relates to behavior in complex technical environments, Raja Parasuraman was a giant of human factors and ergonomics. Our present exposition articulates and recounts his many contributions to our science and to science in general beyond the confines of our own discipline...
February 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142353/orthopaedic-surgeon-attitudes-towards-current-limitations-and-the-potential-for-robotic-and-technological-innovation-in-arthroscopic-surgery
#18
Anjali Jaiprakash, William B O'Callaghan, Sarah L Whitehouse, Ajay Pandey, Liao Wu, Jonathan Roberts, Ross W Crawford
PURPOSE: To determine the perceptions of surgeons at both consultant and resident level to the difficulties of performing knee arthroscopy and to determine their willingness to adopt robotic technology. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to discern the attitude of orthopaedic consultants and residents to the technical challenges of performing knee arthroscopy and the possible role of robotically enhanced surgery. The questionnaire included 31 questions across five key domains...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140793/quantification-of-baseline-pupillary-response-and-task-evoked-pupillary-response-during-constant-and-incremental-task-load
#19
Prithima R Mosaly, Lukasz M Mazur, Lawrence Marks
The methods employed to quantify the baseline pupil size and task evoked pupillary response (TEPR) may affect the overall study results. To test this hypothesis, the objective of this study was to assess variability in baseline pupil size and TEPR during two basic working memory tasks: constant load of 3-letters memorization-recall (10 trials), and incremental load memorization-recall (two trials of each load level), using two commonly used methods (1) change from trail/load specific baseline, (2) change from constant baseline...
January 31, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134573/measuring-resilience
#20
Robert R Hoffman, P A Hancock
OBJECTIVE: As human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) moves to embrace a greater systems perspective concerning human-machine technologies, new and emergent properties, such as resilience, have arisen. Our objective here is to promote discussion as to how to measure this latter, complex phenomenon. BACKGROUND: Resilience is now a much-referenced goal for technology and work system design. It subsumes the new movement of resilience engineering. As part of a broader systems approach to HF/E, this concept requires both a definitive specification and an associated measurement methodology...
January 1, 2017: Human Factors
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