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Michael J Orlich, Pramil N Singh, Joan Sabaté, Jing Fan, Lars Sveen, Hannelore Bennett, Synnove F Knutsen, W Lawrence Beeson, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Terry L Butler, R Patti Herring, Gary E Fraser
IMPORTANCE: Colorectal cancers are a leading cause of cancer mortality, and their primary prevention by diet is highly desirable. The relationship of vegetarian dietary patterns to colorectal cancer risk is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between vegetarian dietary patterns and incident colorectal cancers. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2) is a large, prospective, North American cohort trial including 96,354 Seventh-Day Adventist men and women recruited between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2007...
May 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Ellen E Wingard, Raja Fayad, Sara Wilcox, Edward A Frongillo, James R Hébert
Studies have examined nutrient differences among people following different plant-based diets. However, all of these studies have been observational. The aim of the present study was to examine differences in nutrient intake and Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) scores among overweight and obese (body mass index 25.0-49.9 kg/m(2)) adults randomized to receive dietary instruction on a vegan (n = 12), vegetarian (n = 13), pescovegetarian (n = 13), semivegetarian (n = 13), or omnivorous (n = 12) diet during a 6-month randomized controlled trial...
February 2015: Nutrition Research
Penghui Shang, Zheng Shu, Yanfang Wang, Na Li, Songming Du, Feng Sun, Yinyin Xia, Siyan Zhan
The purpose of the present study was to assess the risk of the metabolic syndrome (MS) with vegan, pescovegetarian, lactovegetarian and nonvegetarian diets in Taiwan. The design was a retrospective cohort study using secondary data analysis from a Taiwan longitudinal health check-up database provided by MJ Health Screening Center during 1996-2006. A total of 93209 participants were classified as vegans (n=1116), pescovegetarians (n=2461), lactovegetarians (n=4313) and nonvegetarians (n=85319) by food frequency list of self-administered questionnaire at baseline...
2011: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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