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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101844/prediction-of-diabetes-remission-at-long-term-following-biliopancreatic-diversion
#1
Nicola Scopinaro, Gian Franco Adami, Paolo Bruzzi, Renzo Cordera
IMPORTANCE: In obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), the marked weight loss following bariatric surgery is accompanied in a consistent number of cases by T2DM resolution or control. The clinical need of preoperative parameters reliable in predicting a positive metabolic outcome at long term following the operation has then emerged. OBSERVATION: A cohort of 135 consecutive T2DM patients with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) at more than 5 years following biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) was considered...
January 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101843/postprandial-glp-2-levels-are-increased-after-biliopancreatic-diversion-in-diabetic-individuals-with-class-i-obesity-a-prospective-study
#2
Everton Cazzo, José Carlos Pareja, Bruno Geloneze, Elinton Adami Chaim, Maria Rita Lazzarini Barreto, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a predominantly malabsorptive procedure. Glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) plays predominantly trophic effects on the gut. A significant increase in GLP-2 after BPD in rats was previously observed, but there are no studies investigating the effect of BPD in GLP-2 levels in humans. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of BPD on the release of GLP-2. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study that evaluated diabetic individuals with class I obesity which underwent BPD (Scopinaro operation) and were followed up for 12 months...
January 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101721/quantitative-assessment-of-visceral-obesity-and-postoperative-colon-cancer-outcomes
#3
Oluwatobi O Ozoya, Erin M Siegel, Thejal Srikumar, Amanda M Bloomer, Amanda DeRenzis, David Shibata
BACKGROUND: Quantitative computed tomography (CT) assessment of visceral adiposity may be superior to body mass index (BMI) as a predictor of surgical morbidity. We sought to examine the association of CT measures of obesity and BMI with short-term postoperative outcomes in colon cancer patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 110 patients treated with colectomy for stage I-III colon cancer were classified as obese or non-obese by preoperative CT-based measures of adiposity or BMI [obese: BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2), visceral fat area (VFA) to subcutaneous fat area ratio (V/S) ≥0...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096825/determination-of-the-value-of-glycated-hemoglobin-hba1c-and-fructosamine-in-assessing-the-risk-of-perioperative-complications-after-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Anetta M Kowalczuk-Wieteska, Marta Wróbel, Dominika Rokicka, Aleksandra Szymborska-Kajanek, Jerzy Foremny, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Marian Zembala, Krzysztof Strojek
INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes have a worse postoperative course and longer length of hospital stay after surgery. A good indicator of proper long-term (3 months) glycemic control is glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and fructosamine in the short term (2-3 weeks). AIM: To determine the degree of glycemic control evaluated preoperatively by HbA1c and/or fructosamine influence on the postoperative course of patients with diabetes undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 2014-2015...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089437/systems-innovation-model-an-integrated-interdisciplinary-team-approach-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-at-a-veterans-affairs-va-medical-center
#6
Dan Eisenberg, Jessica A Lohnberg, Eric P Kubat, Cheryl C Bates, Lauren M Greenberg, Susan M Frayne
BACKGROUND: Provision of bariatric surgery in the Veterans Health Administration must account for obese veterans' co-morbidity burden and the geographically dispersed location of patients relative to Veterans Affairs (VA) bariatric centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a collaborative, integrated, interdisciplinary bariatric team of surgeons, bariatricians, psychologists, dieticians, and physical therapists working in a hub-and-spokes care model, for pre- and post-bariatric surgery assessment and management...
November 15, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079350/transcranial-approach-in-giant-pituitary-adenomas-results-and-outcome-in-a-modern-series
#7
Thomas Graillon, Frédéric Castinetti, Stéphane Fuentes, Regis Gras, Thierry Brue, Henry Dufour
BACKGROUND: Today, transcranial (TC) approach indications are particularly rare in pituitary adenomas (PA), representing 1.1% of all PA surgeries in our experience. In these rare and selected cases, the complications, advantages, and disadvantages of TC approach were also analyzed. METHODS: 19 cases of giant PA (≥40 mm) operated via TC approach alone or combined with transsphenoidal (TS) approach between 2000 and 2016 were selected. RESULTS: The most frequently observed symptom was visual disturbance...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079145/galectin-3-as-a-marker-of-interstitial-atrial-remodelling-involved-in-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Diana Hernández-Romero, Juan Antonio Vílchez, Álvaro Lahoz, Ana I Romero-Aniorte, Eva Jover, Arcadio García-Alberola, Rubén Jara-Rubio, Carlos M Martínez, Mariano Valdés, Francisco Marín
Remodelling in the atria could appear as a result of hypertension, diabetes or ischaemic heart disease. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a mediator of profibrotic pathways and a potential biomarker of cardiac remodelling. We prospectively recruited consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Preoperative Gal-3 levels were determined from serum samples, and the presence of fibrosis was assessed from atrial appendage tissue samples obtained during cardiac surgery. We included 100 patients with aortic valve or ischaemic heart diseases and 15 controls with permanent AF...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#9
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073770/impact-of-beta-blocker-initiation-timing-on-mortality-risk-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Ray-Jade Chen, Hsi Chu, Lung-Wen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Relevant clinical studies have been small and have not convincingly demonstrated whether the perioperative initiation of beta-blockers should be considered in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this nationwide propensity score-matched study, we included patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing noncardiac surgery between 2000 and 2011 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were classified as beta-blocker and non-beta-blocker cohorts...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072635/does-the-timing-of-preoperative-epidural-steroid-injection-affect-infection-risk-after-acdf-or-posterior-cervical-fusion
#11
Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner, Varun Puvanesarajah, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Anuj Singla, Frank H Shen, Adam L Shimer
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective database analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether any association exists between preoperative cervical epidural steroid injections (CESIs) at various time intervals before anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) or posterior cervical fusion (PCF) and the incidence of postoperative infection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although infectious complications following CESI are uncommon, the association between preoperative CESI and postoperative infection following ACDF or PCF has yet to be evaluated in the current literature...
January 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069329/chronic-kidney-disease-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-transfusion-cardiovascular-complication-and-thirty-day-readmission-in-minimally-invasive-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Feng-Chih Kuo, Po-Chun Lin, Yu-Der Lu, Mel S Lee, Jun-Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA). We hypothesized that CKD was an independent risk factor for postoperative complications and increased blood transfusion in patients following MIS-TKA. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective database was conducted on patients who underwent MIS-TKAs at an academic medical center between 2009 and 2012. Glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) were calculated for each patient at the time of surgery and a CKD group of 205 patients (GFR < 60 mL/min) were matched at a ratio of 1:2 with 410 patients showing a GFR ≥ 60 mL/min (control group)...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068972/an-underlying-diagnosis-of-osteonecrosis-of-bone-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-than-osteoarthritis-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Jasvinder A Singh, Jason Chen, Maria C S Inacio, Robert S Namba, Elizabeth W Paxton
BACKGROUND: Well-designed studies of complications and readmission rates in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with osteonecrosis are lacking. Our objective was to examine if a diagnosis of osteonecrosis was associated with complications, mortality and readmission rates after THA. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data from an integrated healthcare system's Total Joint Replacement Registry of adults with osteonecrosis vs. osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing unilateral primary THA during 2001-2012, in an observational cohort study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060227/preoperative-opioid-use-is-associated-with-early-revision-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-study-of-male-patients-treated-in-the-veterans-affairs-system
#14
Alon Ben-Ari, Howard Chansky, Irene Rozet
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is endemic in the U.S. and is associated with morbidity and mortality. The impact of long-term opioid use on joint-replacement outcomes remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that use of opioids is associated with adverse outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who had had TKA within the U.S. Veterans Affairs (VA) system over a 6-year period and had been followed for 1 year postoperatively...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058148/pain-perception-in-phacoemulsification-with-topical-anesthesia-and-evaluation-of-factors-related-with-pain
#15
Zeynep Dadacı, Mehmet Borazan, Nurşen Öncel Acır
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of pain during and after phacoemulsification with topical anesthesia in patients with senile cataract and investigation of factors related with pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two adult patients scheduled for routine clear corneal phacoemulsification with topical anesthesia who had no previous cataract surgery in their fellow eyes were included in the study. Verbal pain scale and visual analog scale were used to measure pain intensity...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057990/predictors-of-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#16
Karunamoorthy Ramaraju, Arun Kumar Paranjothi, Dhinakar Babu Namperumalsamy, Ilamparuthi Chennakrishnan
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Sepsis remains one of the dreaded complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). To analyze prospectively the preoperative and intraoperative factors that predict the occurrence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing PCNL so that we can aggressively manage those patients from the preoperative period itself and avert the dangerous complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out between August 2012 and March 2013 including all patients who underwent PCNL...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057987/factors-predicting-infectious-complications-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#17
Kuldeep Sharma, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Apul Goel, Vishwajeet Singh, Pradeep Sharma, Yogesh Garg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of infectious complications following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 332 patients with renal or upper ureteric calculi who underwent PCNL between January 2013 and June 2014 were included in the study. Infectious complications included febrile urinary tract infection and septicemia. The patients were divided into Group A and B depending on whether they developed or did not develop infectious complications...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045816/risk-factors-predicting-nasoseptal-flap-failure-in-the-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-approach
#18
Boo-Young Kim, Ji Hyeon Shin, Sung Won Kim, Yong Kil Hong, Sin-Soo Jeun, Soo Whan Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Yong Jin Park
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of the skull base using a pedicled nasoseptal flap (NSF) seems to be advantageous after the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA). A few reports have evaluated the cause of flap failure in EETSA using NSFs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative risk factors for NSF failure. STUDY DESIGN: Patient series. SETTING: Retrospective review of medical records at a tertiary referral center...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045566/preoperative-fasting-plasma-c-peptide-levels-as-predictors-of-remission-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Wenmao Yan, Rixing Bai, Ming Yan, Maomin Song
AIMS: The study evaluated the predictive role of preoperative fasting C-peptide, hemoglobin (Hb)A1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and body mass index (BMI) levels on diabetes remission in patients with type 2 diabetes following bariatric surgery. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Central, and Google Scholar databases of up to September 7, 2016 were searched using the following terms: type 2 diabetes mellitus, gastric bypass, Roux-en-Y, anastomosis, C-peptide, weight loss, HbA/HbA1c, predictive/predictor...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045555/clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-elderly-with-gastric-cancer-and-the-risk-factors-of-postoperative-complications
#20
Yong Li, Bibo Tan, Liqiao Fan, Qun Zhao, Ming Tan, Dong Wang, Nan Jia, Qingwei Liu
PURPOSE: In China, gastric cancer (GC), which is one of the most common malignant tumors, has an increasing incidence in elderly population due to aging process. Since a considerable number of elderly patients with GC accepting surgical treatments developed postoperative complications, it is necessary to evaluate risk factors for postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the clinicopathologic characteristics of 3,024 elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) with GC, who underwent surgery between 1996 and 2006, were examined and contributing factors for postoperative complications were analyzed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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