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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665452/utility-of-glycated-hemoglobin-screening-in-patients-undergoing-elective-coronary-artery-surgery-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-e-cabg-registry
#1
Francesco Nicolini, Giuseppe Santarpino, Giuseppe Gatti, Daniel Reichart, Francesco Onorati, Giuseppe Faggian, Magnus Dalén, Sorosh Khodabandeh, Theodor Fischlein, Daniele Maselli, Saverio Nardella, Antonino S Rubino, Marisa De Feo, Antonio Salsano, Riccardo Gherli, Giovanni Mariscalco, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Matteo Saccocci, Sidney Chocron, Juhani Airaksinen, Andrea Perrotti, Fausto Biancari
BACKGROUND: Patients with increased glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) seem to be at increased risk of sternal wound infection (SWI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, it is unclear whether increased baseline HbA1c levels may affect other postoperative outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on preoperative levels of HbA1c were collected from 2606 patients undergoing elective isolated CABG from 2015 to 2016 and included in the prospective, multicenter E-CABG registry...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664527/-perioperative-nutrition-in-eras-protocols
#2
Andrés Sánchez C, Karin Papapietro V
The trauma involved in any surgical procedure, even if elective, causes a metabolic stress response characterized by postoperative insulin resistance (PIR). PIR is considered a surgical stress marker and is associated with increased morbidity and postoperative length of stay. PIR worsens when the patient is operated in a state of prolonged preoperative fasting or when postoperative feeding is delayed. The ERAS Protocols (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) includes anesthetic, surgical, kinesiology, nutritional and nursing interventions aimed to modulate PIR...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656387/a-nationwide-analysis-of-30-day-adverse-events-unplanned-readmission-and-length-of-hospital-stay-after-peripheral-nerve-surgery-in-extremities-and-the-brachial-plexus
#3
Enrico Martin, Ivo S Muskens, Joeky T Senders, David J Cote, Timothy R Smith, Marike L D Broekman
BACKGROUND: Little is known on adverse events and their timing after peripheral nerve surgery in extremities. The aim of this study is to identify predictors and typical timing of complications, unplanned readmission, and length of hospital stay for patients undergoing peripheral nerve surgery in the extremities. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) registry from 2005 to 2015. Adult patients undergoing peripheral nerve surgery in the extremities were included...
April 15, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650354/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-free-flap-reconstruction-for-oral-cancer
#4
T Makiguchi, S Yokoo, J Kurihara
The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for postoperative delirium in patients undergoing free flap reconstruction for defects after oral cancer resection. This was a non-randomized, retrospective cohort study involving 102 patients who underwent oral cancer resection and free flap reconstruction. Data were collected from the medical records. Postoperative delirium occurred in 34 patients (33.3%), of whom 27 were male and seven were female. High preoperative total protein and albumin, diabetes mellitus, history of smoking, use of hypnotics or antipsychotics, time until getting out of bed after surgery, and postoperative insomnia were significantly related to delirium in the univariate analysis (P<0...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644884/prospective-analysis-of-surgical-bone-margins-after-partial-foot-amputation-in-diabetic-patients-admitted-with-moderate-to-severe-foot-infections
#5
Brian M Schmidt, Jonathan B McHugh, Rajiv M Patel, James S Wrobel
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis is common in diabetic foot infections and medical management can lead to poor outcomes. Surgical management involves sending histopathologic and microbiologic specimens which guides future intervention. We examined the effect of obtainment of surgical margins in patients undergoing forefoot amputations to identify patient characteristics associated with outcomes. Secondary aims included evaluating interobserver reliability of histopathologic data at both the distal-to and proximal-to surgical bone margin...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643911/pars-plana-vitrectomy-in-vitreous-hemorrhage-with-or-without-intravitreal-bevacizumab-a-comparative-overview
#6
Syed Muhammad Faisal, Muhammad Ali Tahir, Alyscia Miriam Cheema, Muhammad Ijaz Anjum
Objective: To compare the success in patients having vitreous hemorrhage undergoing pars plana vitrectomy with or without preoperative intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab. Methods: This Randomized controlled trial was conducted at Department of Ophthalmology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre. Karachi. Duration of study was six months from January 2010 to June 2010. In this study 56 patients of advanced diabetic eye disease were divided into two groups. Patients in Group-A underwent three ports pars plana vitrectomy with preoperative intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab (Avastin) 1...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643784/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-ex-press-filtration-device-in-patients-with-advanced-neovascular-glaucoma-and-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#7
Rana Hanna, Beatrice Tiosano, Shmuel Graffi, Dan Gaton
Background: The prognosis of conventional filtration surgery in eyes with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) is limited due to increased fibrovascular proliferation or bleeding. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the EX-PRESS filtration device in the management of NVG associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Methods: In this retrospective case series, we reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed as having NVG associated with PDR who underwent EX-PRESS filtration surgery...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643625/formulation-of-a-multivariate-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation-a-double-blinded-prospective-study
#8
Anoop Kanwal Chhina, Richa Jain, Parshotam Lal Gautam, Jony Garg, Nidhi Singh, Anju Grewal
Background and Aims: Various models were devised for prediction of difficult intubation but have low positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to predict difficult intubation from various airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination, and to formulate a multivariate model that can aid in accurate prediction of difficult intubation. Material and Methods: A prospective double blinded study was conducted on 500 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643435/higher-leukocyte-count-predicts-3-month-poor-outcome-of-ruptured-cerebral-aneurysms
#9
Pei-Sen Yao, Guo-Rong Chen, Xue-Ling Xie, Huang-Cheng Shang-Guan, Jin-Zhen Gao, Yuan-Xiang Lin, Shu-Fa Zheng, Zhang-Ya Lin, De-Zhi Kang
It is not fully established whether leukocyte can predict the poor outcome for ruptured cerebral aneurysms (CA) or not. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 428 patients with ruptured CA between 2010 and 2015. Patients' demographic data, including gender, age, history of smoking, alcohol, hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia, Hunt-Hess and Fisher grade, occurrence of hydrocephalus, aneurysm location, time to surgery, delayed ischemic neurological deficit (DIND) and peak leukocyte of blood test from day 1 to 3 after aneurysmal rupture were recorded and analyzed...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628170/preoperative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-postoperative-death-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-consideration-beyond-age-sex-and-stage-of-cancer
#10
A K Bartella, A-K Sander, M Kamal, J Steegmann, A Kloss-Brandstätter, J Teichmann, F Hölzle, B Lethaus
Despite improvements in the management of patients in critical care, about 3% patients who have an operation with curative intent for oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) do not survive their stay in hospital. Our aim was to assess the risk factors for postoperative death that were independent of the stage of the cancer, or the age and sex of the patients. We screened 4760 consecutive inpatients at a maxillofacial tertiary care centre from 2011 to 2016, and 34 of them had died within the first three months after operation...
April 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625306/low-grade-glioma-of-the-neurohypophysis-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-outcomes
#11
Yuichi Nagata, Naoko Inoshita, Noriaki Fukuhara, Mitsuo Yamaguchi-Okada, Hiroshi Nishioka, Shozo Yamada
BACKGROUND: Low-grade glioma (LGG) of the neurohypophysis is an extremely rare tumor arising from the pituicytes of the posterior pituitary or the infundibulum. The preoperative imaging findings of these tumors mimic those of pituitary adenomas, and radical resection is often challenging in affected patients due to the hypervascularity of the tumor. Here, we describe the clinical and radiological features of this clinical entity. METHODS: We identified 8 patients with LGG of the neurohypophysis...
April 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619888/proximal-interphalangeal-joint-silicone-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-midterm-outcomes
#12
Nima Naghshineh, Kanu Goyal, Juan M Giugale, Mithun K Neral, Joel V Ferreira, Glenn A Buterbaugh, Joseph E Imbriglia
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint affects a large percentage of the population and can lead to significant functional disability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of PIP joint arthroplasty for nonrheumatic arthritis. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study evaluating preoperative and postoperative objective and subjective measures was conducted. Range of motion (ROM), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scores, key pinch strength, grip strength, and satisfaction with respect to pain, deformity, function, and strength were measured...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617501/cabg-and-preoperative-use-of-beta-blockers-in-patients-with-stable-angina-are-associated-with-better-cardiovascular-survival
#13
Victor Dayan, Diego Perez, Eloisa Silva, Gerardo Soca, Jorge Estigarribia
OBJECTIVE: In contrast to unstable angina, optimal therapy in patients with stable angina is debated. Our aim was to evaluate the outcomes of patients with stable angina scheduled for isolated coronary artery bypass grafts and the effect of preoperative use of beta-blockers. Overall and cardiovascular survivals were our primary outcome. Operative mortality and postoperative complications along with subgroup analysis of diabetic patients were our secondary outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of patients with stable angina scheduled for isolated coronary artery bypass grafts was included...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616466/weight-loss-and-comorbidity-resolution-3-years-after-bariatric-surgery-an-indian-perspective
#14
Amrit Manik Nasta, Ramen Goel, Shefali Dharia, Madhu Goel, Shireen Hamrapurkar
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery has seen a sharp rise in India in the last decade. India is one of the 10 most obese nations of the world, ranking second in number of type 2 diabetics. AIMS: To evaluate clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery after 3 years of follow-up in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity resolution, complaints of gastroesophageal reflux disease and weight regain. METHODOLOGY: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery from January to December 2013 with a minimum follow-up of 3 years were included in the study...
April 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613817/acute-kidney-injury-after-non-cardiovascular-surgery-risk-factors-and-impact-on-development-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-long-term-mortality
#15
Leili Pourafkari, Pradeep Arora, Jahan Porhomayon, Hasan H Dosluoglu, Preksha Arora, Nader D Nader
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and its progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a non-cardiac/non-vascular surgery setting. METHODS: We examined Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality database for surgical entries between 2000-2014. Demographics, comorbidities, laboratory findings and hospital outcomes were assessed. Primary endpoint was occurrence of AKI defined as increase of ≥0.3 mg/dL, 48 hours postoperatively...
April 3, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611769/predictors-of-complications-in-patients-receiving-head-and-neck-free-flap-reconstructive-procedures
#16
Antoine Eskander, Stephen Kang, Ben Tweel, Jigar Sitapara, Matthew Old, Enver Ozer, Amit Agrawal, Ricardo Carrau, James W Rocco, Theodoros N Teknos
Objective To (1) determine the overall complication rate, wound healing, and wound infection complications and (2) identify preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative predictors of these complications. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary academic cancer hospital. Subjects and Methods All head and neck free flap patients at The Ohio State University (2006-2012) were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression assessed the impact of patient factors, flap and wound factors, and intraoperative factors on the aforementioned quality metric outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605961/factors-affecting-postoperative-lung-expansion-in-patients-with-pyogenic-empyema
#17
Hyo Yeong Ahn, Jeong Su Cho, Yeong Dae Kim, Hoseok I, Seunghwan Song, Jung Seop Eom, Jeongha Mok
BACKGROUND:  In patients with parapneumonic empyema, decortication is usually preferred to ensure functional lung re-expansion. However, there could be patients exhibiting incomplete postoperative lung expansion and inadequate drainage despite decortication. Therefore, we evaluated factors affecting postoperative lung expansion in patients undergoing decortication. METHODS:  A total of 221 patients with pyogenic empyema who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) between January and October 2016 in our hospital were reviewed in terms of surgical success...
April 1, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605723/risk-factors-for-gastrointestinal-leak-after-bariatric-surgery-mbsaqip-analysis
#18
Reza Fazl Alizadeh, Shiri Li, Colette Inaba, Patrick Penalosa, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Brian R Smith, Michael J Stamos, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal leak remains one of the most dreaded complications in bariatric surgery. We aimed to evaluate risk factors and the impact of common perioperative interventions on the development of leak in patients underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2015 database of accredited centers, data were analyzed for patients underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Emergent, revisional, and converted cases were excluded...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602472/local-anesthesia-for-percutaneous-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-is-associated-with-fewer-pulmonary-complications
#19
Kathryn Van Orden, Alik Farber, Marc L Schermerhorn, Philip P Goodney, Jeffrey A Kalish, Douglas W Jones, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be performed with general anesthesia (GA) or local anesthesia (LA). Our goal was to assess perioperative outcomes comparing anesthesia type in percutaneous EVAR. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative database was queried for all exclusively percutaneous EVAR procedures. Univariable analysis was used to compare which patients were offered LA. Multivariable analysis was used to determine the independent effect of anesthesia type...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600910/retrospective-single-surgeon-study-of-1123-consecutive-cases-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-comparison-of-clinical-outcome-parameters-complication-rates-and-costs-between-outpatient-and-inpatient-surgery-groups-with-a-literature-review
#20
Jack Mullins, Mirza Pojskić, Frederick A Boop, Kenan I Arnautović
OBJECTIVE Outpatient anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is becoming more common and has been reported to offer advantages over inpatient procedures, including reducing nosocomial infections and costs, as well as improving patient satisfaction. The goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate and compare outcome parameters, complication rates, and costs between inpatient and outpatient ACDF cases performed by 1 surgeon at a single institution. METHODS In a retrospective study, the records of all patients who had undergone first-time ACDF performed by a single surgeon in the period from June 1, 2003, to January 31, 2016, were reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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