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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340803/evaluation-of-ureteral-stent-colonization-in-live-donor-renal-transplant-recipients
#1
M Sarier, M Demir, I Duman, Y Yuksel, A Demirbas
BACKGROUND: Ureteral stent insertion during kidney transplantation is a matter of debate. Stenting has been proven to reduce the risk of surgical complications. In addition, it has been reported to increase risks such as urinary tract infections especially after operation. Ureteral stent colonization (USC) is known to play a role in the pathogenesis of stent related-infections. The aim of this study was (1) to assess the frequency of USC and values of urine cultures in identifying colonizing bacteria; (2) to assess the importance of indwelling time for USC in live-donor renal transplant recipients; and (3) to evaluate the biomarker role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on USC...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333822/committee-opinion-no-694-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#2
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333814/committee-opinion-no-694-summary-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#3
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326433/application-of-electronic-algorithms-to-improve-diagnostic-evaluation-for-bladder-cancer
#4
Daniel R Murphy, Ashley N D Meyer, Viralkumar Vaghani, Elise Russo, Dean F Sittig, Kyle A Richards, Li Wei, Louis Wu, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Strategies to ensure timely diagnostic evaluation of hematuria are needed to reduce delays in bladder cancer diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of electronic trigger algorithms to detect delays in hematuria follow-up. METHODS: We developed a computerized trigger to detect delayed follow-up action on a urinalysis result with high-grade hematuria (>50 red blood cells/high powered field). The trigger scanned clinical data within a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) national data repository to identify all patient records with hematuria, then excluded those where follow-up was unnecessary (e...
March 22, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324275/the-impact-of-blue-light-cystoscopy-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bladder-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Eugene J Pietzak
Photodynamic diagnostic technique with blue light cystoscopy (BLC) takes advantage of the preferential uptake and accumulation of protoporphyrins in neoplastic tissue which emit a red fluorescence when illuminated with blue light (360-450 nm wavelengths). This allows enhanced visualization of small papillary tumors and flat carcinoma in situ lesions that might have been missed on white light cystoscopy (WLC). There is compelling evidence that the ability of BLC to detect these additional tumors translates into improved recurrence rates compared to WLC...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324094/cystoscopy
#6
Richard S Matulewicz, John O DeLancey, Joshua J Meeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322594/development-of-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chronic-unilateral-hematuria-35-years-experience
#7
Ryuta Tanimoto, Hiromi Kumon, Demetrius H Bagley
PURPOSE: Chronic unilateral hematuria (CUH) is also called lateralizing essential hematuria, benign essential hematuria, and benign lateralizing hematuria, which was defined as intermittent or continuous gross hematuria that cannot be diagnosed with standard radiology and hematology studies, together with unilateral bloody efflux by cystoscopy. CUH is rare, but sometimes confused with malignancy or life threatening hemorrhage. Therefore, it can cause considerable anxiety to not only patients but also urologists...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321928/eus-evaluation-for-pancreatic-cysts-necessity-or-overkill
#8
REVIEW
Nonthalee Pausawasdi, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek
Incidental pancreatic cysts have been gradually more recognized in clinical practice due to an increased use of transabdominal ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These lesions consist of inflammatory cysts (pseudocysts) and pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) which have been classified as benign, pre-malignant and malignant. The diagnosis and management strategy of incidentally discovered pancreatic cysts can be challenging as the majority of them are PCNs and CT or MRI alone may not be sufficient to provide an accurate diagnosis...
March 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321354/urachal-tumor-a-case-report-of-an-extremely-rare-carcinoma
#9
José Palla Garcia, Rita Sampaio, Carlos Peixoto
The urachus is a tubular structure that connects the bladder to the allantois in the embryonic development, involuting after the third trimester. The urachus carcinoma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for <1% of all bladder cancers. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman, with no past medical history, complaining of hematuria with 6-month duration and a physical exam and an abdominal computed topographic scan revealing an exophytic mass of 6.8 cm longer axis that grew depending on the anterior bladder wall, invading the anterior abdominal wall...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319024/the-prostatic-utricle-an-under-recognized-condition-resulting-in-significant-morbidity-in-boys-with-both-hypospadias-and-normal-external-genitalia
#10
Austin G Hester, Stanley J Kogan
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only scant attention. Though recognized with increased frequency in boys with hypospadias, little is described about their incidence and potential for morbidity in boys with normal external genitalia. METHODS: We initially reviewed a cohort of 64 patients with hypospadias seen over a 3-year period to determine the frequency of investigative lower urinary tract studies and utricle identification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319023/isolated-bilateral-simplex-ureteric-ectopia-bladder-capacity-as-an-indicator-of-continence-outcome
#11
Vasilis Stavrinides, Paul Charlesworth, Dan Wood, Divyesh Desai, Abraham Cherian, Imran Mushtaq, Peter Cuckow, Naima Smeulders
INTRODUCTION: Isolated bilateral simplex ectopic ureters (BSEUs) are rare but pose a therapeutic challenge: ureteric reimplantation alone does not accomplish continence in all. Identifying the patients needing additional procedures for continence early could prevent multiple operations. OBJECTIVE: Potential preoperative indicators for postoperative continence are explored in eight BSEU girls without cloacal, anorectal, or spinal anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: With institutional approval, all patients with BSEU between 1985 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285395/two-techniques-for-assessing-postoperative-voiding-function-a-randomized-trial
#12
Erinn M Myers, Catherine A Matthews, Andrea K Crane, AnnaMarie Connolly, Jennifer M Wu, Elizabeth J Geller
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Post-operative voiding dysfunction is common after sling placement and is assessed with a voiding trial (VT) before discharge. We hypothesized that an operating room (OR) initiated retrograde VT (OR-fill) would decrease time to discharge compared with a post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) initiated retrograde VT (PACU-fill). METHODS: This was a parallel non-blinded randomized trial, of women undergoing outpatient sling surgery at a university hospital...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283914/transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumors-improving-quality-through-new-techniques-and-technologies
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Zainfeld, Siamak Daneshmand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cystoscopy with transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) is essential in the diagnosis of bladder cancer as well as the management of non-muscle-invasive disease yet remains a comparatively imprecise procedure secondary to variability among patients, tumors, and surgeons alike. We will review evolving technologies and techniques used to enhance safety and efficacy of TURBT performance and education in the management of bladder cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Though a generally safe procedure, efficacy of TURBT in terms of complete tumor excision, appropriate pathologic diagnosis, and absence of complications can vary significantly with direct impact on patient outcomes...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282341/new-developments-in-the-management-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#14
Mark D Tyson, Daniel Lee, Peter Clark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize the core principles in the management of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with an emphasis on new developments that have emerged over the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: NMIBC has a propensity to recur and progress. Risk stratification has facilitated appropriate patient selection for treatment but improved tools, including biomarkers, are still needed. Enhanced cystoscopy with photodynamic imaging and narrow band imaging show promise for diagnosis, risk stratification, and disease monitoring and has been formally recommended this year by the American Urological Association...
March 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279364/-chyluria-with-nephrotic-syndrome-like-presentation-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approach
#15
S Bally, A Demey, L Arrivé, C Rullier
Chyluria implies an abnormal communication between the lymphatic system and the urinary tract. It is more frequent in endemic areas of lymphatic filariasis, which constitutes the main cause. Chyluria may mimic a nephrotic syndrome. Diagnosis of chyluria is based on urinary cytological and biocheminal analysis. Localization of the fistula needs medical imaging: cystoscopy, retrograde pyelography, lymphoscintigraphy and more recently magnetic resonance lymphography. Due to frequent spontaneous remissions, traitement can require only dietary measures...
December 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275520/the-value-of-extended-good-quality-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumour-in-the-treatment-of-the-newly-diagnosed-bladder-cancer
#16
Mohamed Adel Atta, Ahmed Fouad Kotb, Mohamed Sharafeldeen, Ahmed Elabbady, Mohamed Mohie Hashad
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience for the initial management of patients with newly diagnosed bladder tumours using our team approach for each case and using an aggressive extended transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) in order to investigate the real need for a routine 'second-look' cystoscopy in the current era. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 50 consecutive patients admitted to the urology department, of our tertiary care centre, for management of newly diagnosed bladder cancer...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271274/split-bolus-ct-urogram-is-less-more
#17
Hiram Shaish, Jeffrey H Newhouse
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of split-bolus CT urogram (SB-CTU) without special maneuvers for ureteral distention in diagnosing upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital database was searched from 1/1/10, to 9/1/15, for SB-CTU exams without special maneuvers for ureteral distention. Accuracy of SB-CTU for detecting upper and lower urinary tract UCA was computed by comparing the prospective radiology report with cystoscopy, ureteroscopy, and/or urologic clinical follow-up...
March 7, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270951/applicability-of-the-eortc-risk-tables-to-predict-outcomes-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-in-turkish-patients
#18
Muhammet Fatih Kılınç, Göksel Bayar, Ayhan Dalkılıç, Nurettin Cem Sönmez, Serdar Arısan, Soner Güney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consistency of the results of patients who were treated for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) in our clinic with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) risk table. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from 452 patients who had undergone transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TUR-BT) between the years 2002, and 2010 for primary or recurrent NMIBC. Our study had a retrospective design but based on prospective cohort study...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266904/clinical-relevance-of-narrow-band-imaging-in-flexible-cystoscopy-the-dablaca-7-study
#19
Ditte Drejer, Sami Béji, Anna Munk Nielsen, Søren Høyer, Gitte Wrist Lam, Jørgen B Jensen
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter study investigated whether the use of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in flexible cystoscopy could improve diagnostics to a degree where clinical management was relevantly changed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2014 to June 2015, 955 patients were enrolled at three Danish urological departments. Patients had either hematuria (n = 483) or known recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) (n = 472). High-definition (HD) cystoscopy was performed in white light (WL) and a preliminary clinical decision was made...
March 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265591/tubulovillous-adenoma-in-the-bladder-in-a-dual-pancreas-kidney-transplant-patient
#20
Taylor Remondini, Stephan Van Zyl, Tarek A Bismar, Serdar Yilmaz, M Eric Hyndman
Background: A rare report of a tubulovillous adenoma arising in the setting of a dual pancreas-kidney transplant patient. Case Presentation: This adenoma was discovered in a 60-year-old male with a dual pancreas-kidney transplant that presented with urinary retention and gross hematuria. Management of this patient required both transurethral resection of the tumor as well as a laparotomy after recurrence. Follow-up with cystoscopy has shown no further recurrence of the tumor. Conclusion: This case adds to the few cases documented of adenomas arising in bladders augmented with gastrointestinal tract tissue...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
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