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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927081/application-of-pirarubicin-photosensitizer-fluorescence-cystoscopy-in-early-detection-of-bladder-cancer
#1
Bo Jiang, Yang Dong, Houguang He, Conghui Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the value of pirarubicin (THP) photosensitizer fluorescence cystoscopy for the early diagnosis of bladder cancer. From January 2012 to June 2015, 25 patients with painless gross hematuria, were injected with THP 15 min prior to surgery and subsequently underwent fluorescence cystoscopy examination. Locations of tumors were recorded and biopsies were performed (total of 109 biopsies) under white and fluorescence light guidance. Biopsies were conducted at the THP-positive and -negative areas under white light and THP-positive areas under fluorescence light...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926124/reliability-of-urinary-cytology-and-cystoscopy-for-the-screening-and-diagnosis-of-bladder-cancer-in-patients-with-neurogenic-bladder-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Quentin Alimi, Juliette Hascoet, Andrea Manunta, Solène-Florence Kammerer-Jacquet, Grégory Verhoest, Charlène Brochard, Lucas Freton, Jacques Kerdraon, Nelly Senal, Laurent Siproudhis, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Benjamin Brucker, Xavier Gamé, Benoit Peyronnet
AIMS: To assess the reliability of urinary cytology and cystoscopy to screen and diagnose bladder cancer in patients with NB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of the Medline and Embase databases was performed in April 2017. Data extraction was performed by two independent reviewers. A narrative synthesis was made. RESULTS: Out of 220 records assessed, 15 were included in this systematic review. All studies were prospective or retrospective series with no control group...
September 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923655/coloduodenovesical-fistula-after-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
A A Rahnemai-Azar, M Penna, S D Morrison, S C Rayhill, L Sibulesky, K A Muczynski, R Bakthavatsalam
BACKGROUND: Complicated diverticulitis after transplantation occurs in as many as 3.5% of cases and carries a 25% mortality rate. Diagnosis of complicated diverticulitis in this population can be challenging because of abnormal presentations caused by immunosuppression. Only 4 cases of fistulization after kidney transplantation are described in the literature; none occurred after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. METHODS: We present a first case of a coloduodenovesical fistula in a patient 9 years after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921833/guideline-of-guidelines-asymptomatic-microscopic-haematuria
#4
REVIEW
Brian J Linder, Edward J Bass, Hugh Mostafid, Stephen A Boorjian
OBJECTIVE: To review major organizational guidelines on the evaluation and management of asymptomatic microscopic haematuria (AMH). METHODS: This is a review of the haematuria guidelines from 1.) American Urological Association (AUA), 2.) consensus statement from the Canadian Urological Association, Canadian Urologic Oncology Group, and Bladder Cancer Canada, 3.) American College of Physicians (ACP), 4.) Joint Consensus Statement of the Renal Association (RA) and British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), and 5...
September 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920525/can-urologists-accurately-stage-and-grade-urothelial-bladder-cancer-by-assessing-endoscopic-photographs
#5
Snir Dekalo, Haim Matzkin, Nicola J Mabjeesh
Introduction Assessment of urothelial bladder cancer during cystoscopy or transurethral resection of bladder tumour has a significant impact on the urologist's decision-making: treatment with simple outpatient fulguration, required depth of resection, and need of immediate post-surgical intravesical therapy. These choices depend heavily on the urologist's ability to accurately assess pre-biopsy tumour stage and grade. The aim of the study was to determine whether evaluation of photographs taken during transurethral resection of bladder tumour can reliably characterize a tumour's stage and grade...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917606/argus-t-sling-in-182-male-patients-short-term-results-of-a-multicenter-study
#6
Salvatore Siracusano, Francesco Visalli, Michele Favro, Carlo Tallarigo, Mauro Saccomanni, Alexander Kugler, Alberto Diminutto, Renato Talamini, Walter Artibani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term results with Argus-T sling in patients affected by post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) METHODS: 182 patients affected by PPI were treated with Argus-T sling at 5 Urological centers from June 2008 to March 2013. The preoperative evaluation included medical history, pad count (1-2 pads: mild PPI; 3-5 pads: moderate PPI; >5 pads: severe PPI), VAS on continence, QoL score scale, physical examination, cystoscopy and urodynamic evaluation. Postoperative evaluation was performed six weeks postoperatively, and late follow-up (FU) was achieved in April 2013...
September 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914701/elevated-postvoid-residual-urine-volume-identifying-risk-factors-and-predicting-resolution-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#7
Amanda Ulrich, Patricia Davis, Paul Tulikangas, David M OʼSullivan, Katie Propst
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify risk factors for elevated preoperative postvoid residual (PVR) and persistently elevated postoperative PVR and to evaluate the resolution rate of elevated PVR urine volume in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing 50 women with elevated preoperative PVR (≥100 mL) and 50 women with normal PVR (<100 mL). Preoperative demographic, physical examination, urodynamic data, type of surgery performed, and postoperative trial of void data were collected...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904900/advance-male-sling
#8
REVIEW
Amanda S J Chung, Oscar A Suarez, Kurt A McCammon
The AdVance sling (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, United States of America) is a synthetic transobturator sling, which is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in male patients. This article provides a step-by-step description of our technique for placement of the AdVance male sling, including details and nuances gained from surgical experience, advice for avoidance of complications and discussion on management of complications and sling failures...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894042/the-role-of-the-blca-4-nuclear-matrix-protein-in-bladder-cancer
#9
Beata Szymańska, Anna Długosz
Bladder cancer (BC) affects usually older people. According to information provided by the National Cancer Registry in 2012. BC was the 4th, in terms of illness, cancer in men and 11th in women. Early diagnosis of bladder cancer is important because detected later has worse prognosis.Diagnosis of bladder cancer is not simple and it is still very invasive. Usually the cystoscopy or endoscopic bladder biopsy with histopathological evaluation and cytology of urine sediment is used. This prompted researchers to look for alternative noninvasive methods of diagnosis of bladder cancer...
August 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891795/-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-under-local-anestesia-as-ambulatory-procedure
#10
José Javier Fabuel Alcañiz, Laura Martínez Arcos, Miguel Jimenez Cidre, Francisco Javier Burgos Revilla
Bladder hyperactivity is described as the presence of "voiding urgency, generally associated with increased daytime frequency and nocturia, with or without urinary incontinence, in the absence of urinary tract infection or other obvious pathology". Onabotulinum toxin A (BTA) is a recommendable therapeutic option in case of failure, contraindication or refusal of the conservative therapy or other non-pharmacological therapies. The injection of BTA in the detrusor has been performed under local, regional or general anesthesia either in the conventional or major ambulatory surgery operative room or in the cystoscopy room...
September 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889717/-a-case-of-primary-schwannoma-of-the-urinary-bladder
#11
Yoshitaka Matsumoto, Natsui Waku, Koji Kawai, Atsushi Ikeda, Tomokazu Kimura, Ryutaro Ishitsuka, Takahiro Kojima, Takahiro Suetomi, Akira Joraku, Jun Miyazaki, Mai Sakashita, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
A 68-year-old woman presented with a bladder tumor. She was asymptomatic, and the tumor was incidentally detected with radiological imaging performed during treatment of cervical cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography revealed a solitary submucosal tumor located in the anterior wall of the urinary bladder, with homogeneous contrast enhancement. Cystoscopy showed a submucosal tumor covered by normal mucosa. A paraganglioma was considered in the differential diagnosis, but symptoms suggesting hypercatecholaminemia were not apparent...
August 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889716/-a-case-of-primary-sigmoid-colon-lymphoma-presenting-with-sigmoidovesical-fistula-in-a-patient-with-a-long-history-of-ulcerative-colitis
#12
Kosuke Ogawa, Yosuke Shimizu, Kazunari Tsuchihashi, Kazutaka Kida, Sojun Kanamaru, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Misa Ishihara, Kimio Hashimoto, Noriyuki Ito
A 73-year-old male patient with a 16-year history of ulcerative colitis presented to our hospital with a history of pneumaturia and fever. Cystoscopy and a computed tomography scan showed sigmoidovesical fistula. Colonoscopy showed a necrotic tumor along with sigmoidovesical fistula. A biopsy was not sufficient to make a definitive diagnosis of the tumor. Total colectomy with ileostomy and partial cystectomy were performed. A pathological examination showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the sigmoid colon...
August 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889391/urinary-protein-markers-for-the-detection-and-prognostication-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#13
Tibor Szarvas, Péter Nyirády, Takashi Kobayashi, Osamu Ogawa, Charles J Rosser, Hideki Furuya
Bladder cancer diagnosis and surveillance is mainly based on cystoscopy and urine cytology. However, both methods have significant limitations; urine cytology has a low sensitivity for low-grade tumors, while cystoscopy is uncomfortable for the patients. Therefore, in the last decade urine analysis was the subject of intensive research resulting in the identification of many potential biomarkers for the detection, surveillance, or prognostic stratification of bladder cancer. Current trends move toward the development of multiparametric models to improve the diagnostic accuracy compared with single molecular markers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889213/robotic-approach-to-resection-of-villous-adenoma-of-the-urachus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Annie Chen, Julio Chong, Quisheng Si, Kenneth Haines, Reza Mehrazin
Very few cases of villous adenomas of the bladder or urinary tract have been described. To our knowledge this is the first account of resection of an urachal villous adenoma via robotic laparoscopy, which is a safe and efficacious surgical approach. At this time, there is not enough evidence to suggest that progression of disease to carcinoma is the typical course. Nonetheless, follow-up cystoscopy is recommended after complete removal of the adenoma to monitor for recurrence. This case report reviews the current literature and describes a novel approach to treatment of this exceedingly rare entity...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885656/bladder-cancer-to-patients-younger-than-30-years-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Ioannis Katafigiotis, Stavros Sfoungaristos, Alberto Martini, Konstantinos Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Mordechai Duvdevani, Constantinos Constantinides
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report was to study the specific characteristics of bladder cancer in patients younger than 30 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with a mean age of 24 ± 2.83 years were included in the study. All patients had painless macroscopic hematuria as the first symptom. Three patients had pTa as a first diagnosis, one had pT1 and one pT2. All the patients had smoking as a risk factor and at least one additional possible risk factor...
September 5, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882934/bowel-perforation-presenting-three-months-after-suprapubic-catheter-insertion
#16
Thomas Stonier, Nick Simson, Elizabeth Wilson, Konstantinos Eleftherios Stergios
An 82-year-old male with multiple comorbidities, including previous laparotomies, had a suprapubic catheter (SPC) inserted under guidance with ultrasound and a flexible cystoscope. Three months following the procedure, having returned for a flexible cystoscopy for ongoing bladder pain syndrome, he became peritonitic postoperatively.A CT scan and subsequent laparotomy confirmed the SPC to be passing through a section of terminal ileum. The bowel was resected and he recovered well after a long hospital admission...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878600/kenalog-injection-into-hunner-s-lesions-as-a-treatment-for-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#17
Lauren Rittenberg, Darlene Morrissey, Dominique El-Khawand, Kristene Whitmore
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of kenalog injection into Hunner's lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients had cystoscopy and bladder hydrodistention with corticosteroid injection into Hunner's lesions over a 2.5-year period. Data include patient characteristics and pre- and post-operative validated questionnaires. Spearman Correlation and Wilcoxon t-tests were used for analysis. RESULTS: One hundred patients were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872454/review-of-the-clinical-approaches-to-the-use-of-urine-based-tumor-markers-in-bladder-cancer
#18
Timothy Clinton, Yair Lotan
Bladder cancer is a common disease with a stable incidence for the past few decades despite advancements in molecular and genetic determinants of cancer development and progression. Cystoscopy remains the standard for detection and surveillance of bladder cancer, but it is an invasive and potentially costly procedure. With the knowledge of molecular alterations associated with bladder cancer numerous urine-based tumor markers have become commercially available. These urine markers have been evaluated in all clinical scenarios for the detection of bladder cancer including screening, hematuria, atypical cytology evaluation, and surveillance, but given the relative lack of impactful trials they are not routinely utilized...
August 22, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861678/perioperative-serum-creatinine-changes-and-ureteral-injury
#19
Sam Siddighi, Junchan J Yune, Nicole B Kwon, Jeffrey S Hardesty, Joo H Kim, Philip J Chan
PURPOSE: To illustrate a simple method that screens for ureteral injury in the acute postoperative period after urogynecologic surgeries. METHODS: Serum creatinine measurements in the preoperative (baseline) and postoperative periods of urogynecologic surgeries were determined and the correlation of the change to ureteral injury and/or obstruction analyzed. The sample size calculation showed 7 cases and 28 controls were sufficient to detect significant changes in creatinine...
September 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844555/mitomycin-c-and-urethral-dilatation-a-safe-effective-and-minimally-invasive-procedure-for-recurrent-vesicourethral-anastomotic-stenoses
#20
Michael Wadih Sourial, Patrick O Richard, Mathieu Bettez, Mazen Jundi, Le Mai Tu
PURPOSE: To report the safety and efficacy of mitomycin-C (MMC) injection followed by urethral dilatation for the treatment of recurrent vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis (VUAS) post-radical prostatectomy, and to report the outcome for patients treated for concomitant postprostatectomy incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients with postprostatectomy incontinence and diagnosed with recurrent VUAS were recruited between March 2009 and January 2014 in this longitudinal case series...
August 24, 2017: Urologic Oncology
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