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S Palthe, G A Dijkstra, M G Steffens
A spontaneous, non-traumatic, urinary bladder rupture is a rare condition. We describe a case of a 23-year-old male with a spontaneous bladder rupture secondary to urinary retention, due to an urethral stricture. He presented to the emergency department with voiding difficulties, severe abdominal pain and renal failure. Abdominal ultrasound revealed large amounts of ascites. After an unsuccessful attempt to place a Foley catheter a cystoscopy was performed which showed an urethral stricture. On CT-cystogram an intra-peritoneal bladder rupture was diagnosed and the patient underwent laparoscopic repair of the bladder wall...
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
Benito Velayos, L Del Olmo, L Merino, M Valsero, J M González
INTRODUCTION: The development of novel mechanical endoscopic closure systems allows now the management of some gastrointestinal fistula types in a minimally invasive way. However, the correct location of the fistulous tract is essential to achieve successful endoscopic closure. CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old woman with high risk for surgery presented with recurrent cystitis, pneumaturia, and enteruria 2 months after medical-treated diverticulitis. Computerized tomography demonstrated colovesical fistula but colonoscopy could not locate the fistulous opening...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
A Tardieu, F Sire, T Gauthier
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical practice guidelines from the French college of obstetrics and gynecology (CNGOF) with the Haute Autorité de santé (HAS), based on the best evidence available, concerning the diagnosis accuracy of endoscopy (laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, fertiloscopy, cystoscopy, colonoscopy) in case of endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: English and French review of literature about the diagnosis accuracy of endoscopy in case of endometriosis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy is useful in case of suspected endometriosis in patients with symptoms or infertility when appropriate preoperative assessment is negative (grade C)...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Toy Lee, Derrick Sanderson, Paula Doyle, Gunhilde Buchsbaum
BACKGROUND: Rates of administration of intravenous sodium fluorescein during cystoscopy have increased since indigotindisulfonate sodium was removed from the market in 2014. Although sodium fluorescein has been extensively evaluated and found to be safe, side effects including anaphylaxis have been observed, with an incidence between 0.05% and 1.0%. CASE: We present a case of anaphylactic shock after administration of intravenous sodium fluorescein for the assessment of ureteral efflux in a patient with a history of frequent severe allergic reactions undergoing urethral lysis and cystoscopy for urinary retention...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tony Lough, Qingyang Luo, Carthika Luxmanan, Alastair Anderson, Jimmy Suttie, Paul O'Sullivan, David Darling
BACKGROUND: The non-invasive Cxbladder urine test system has demonstrated clinical utility in ruling out urothelial carcinoma (UC) in patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), suggesting that the number of invasive diagnostic tests, including cystoscopy, used in this patient population may be reduced by Cxbladder testing prior to conducting a full urological work-up. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the enhanced clinical utility of communicating objective information on diagnostic decisions made by individual physicians on individual patients with AMH...
March 9, 2018: BMC Urology
Seung Bin Kim, Sung Goo Yoon, Jonghyun Tae, Jae Yoon Kim, Ji Sung Shim, Sung Gu Kang, Jun Cheon, Jeong Gu Lee, Je Jong Kim, Seok Ho Kang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) as a diagnostic tool for detecting bladder tumors during cystoscopy compared with white light cystoscopy (WLC). Materials and Methods: From December 2013 to June 2017, a randomized prospective study was conducted on 198 patients underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor by a single surgeon. The patients were divided into two groups according to diagnostic method...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Islam M El-Babouly, Esam A E Desoky, Diab El Sayed, Maged M Ali, Ola A Harb, Ahmed Ragab, Ahmed M Sakr, Amr M Fawzi, Nashaat M Salama, Ibrahim I Samaha
OBJECTIVE: To report the sensitivity and specificity of neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 9 (NEDD9) protein high expression in predicting BCG response and its effect on recurrence or progression free survivals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2014 and April 2017, a prospective cohort study was conducted on 105 patients with intermediate or high-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. Immunohistochemical staining with mouse monoclonal anti-NEDD9 antibody was done...
March 5, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Kailas P Bhandarkar, Dinesh H Kittur, Santosh V Patil, Sudhakar S Jadhav
Objective: Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is a well-known complication of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. This is commonly seen in children who had hypospadias repair or in those who had surgery for anorectal malformation especially when it results in urethral stricture. However EO occurring as a complication of urethral stricture in adults operated for hypospadias in childhood is not well documented in the literature. Material and methods: This is a retrospective review of four adults who had proximal hypospadias repair in childhood...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Xiongbao Luo, Kensaku Mori, Terry M Peters
Interventional endoscopy (e.g., bronchoscopy, colonoscopy, laparoscopy, cystoscopy) is a widely performed procedure that involves either diagnosis of suspicious lesions or guidance for minimally invasive surgery in a variety of organs within the body cavity. Endoscopy may also be used to guide the introduction of certain items (e.g., stents) into the body. Endoscopic navigation systems seek to integrate big data with multimodal information (e.g., computed tomography, magnetic resonance images, endoscopic video sequences, ultrasound images, external trackers) relative to the patient's anatomy, control the movement of medical endoscopes and surgical tools, and guide the surgeon's actions during endoscopic interventions...
March 5, 2018: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
Yoshio Naya, Natsuki Takaha, Takako Okubo, Koji Shiota, Issei Hayashi, Masaru Mori, Seiki Date, Tsuneharu Miki, Osamu Ukimura
Background: Cystoscopy using white light is a standard procedure for diagnosing bladder cancer; however, white light can result in missed lesions that are present, but not visible, such as in cases of carcinoma in situ (CIS). In this case report, we describe observing the nuclei of urothelial carcinoma cells in situ that were not visible with cystoscopy under white light using probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) with acrinol and fluorescein during transurethral resection of a bladder tumor (TURBT)...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Alexandra Rehfuss, Joseph Mahon, Igor Sorokin, Cynthia Smith, Barry S Stein
OBJECTIVE: To identify difficult to see ureteral orifices (UOs), urologists need a method to stain the urine. Phenazopyridine, a urinary analgesic which discolors the urine orange, can be administered orally pre-operatively. We evaluated the usefulness of phenazopyridine in identifying the UOs and optimal timing of administration. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing endoscopic procedures at the Stratton VA were prospectively enrolled. Preoperative metabolic panels were reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Urology
Yooni Yi, Angela Wu, Anne P Cameron
INTRODUCTION: Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) was first described by Davis in 1949 as a "hamartoma" of the bladder. There are many proposed predisposing factors for NA including chronic inflammation, renal transplantation, and bladder cancer. We examined our experience with NA to determine predisposing factors and determine if there was any increased risk for development of subsequent malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a pathologic diagnosis of bladder NA from 2001-2013 were included...
March 1, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Jerome Melon, Fay Chao, Weng Chan, Anna Rosamilia
AIM: Vesico-uterine fistulas (VUFs) are rare in modern gynecological practice. We aim to demonstrate with a video the surgical techniques involved in laparoscopic repair of a vesico-uterine fistula (Youssef's syndrome). METHODS: A 37-year-old woman, para 2 and otherwise healthy, was referred to the Urogynaecology Unit 4 months following a vaginal birth after a previous cesarean, with ongoing pink-colored vaginal watery discharge. Cystoscopy and hysteroscopy confirmed the findings of a well-granulated fistulous tract connecting the base of the bladder and anterior uterine wall just above the level of the internal os...
February 24, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Indrawarman Soeroharjo, Said Alfin Khalilullah, Raden Danarto, Prahara Yuri
BACKGROUND: A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault. In addition, the sequelae from these fistulae have a profound effect on the patients in view of their physical, psychological, and social dimensions. The treatment of vesicovaginal fistula is surgical in most cases and the choice of the repair technique is controversial. We evaluated the benefits of a laparoscopic approach in a patient with vesicovaginal fistulae...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mojtaba Ameli, Mina Rahmandoost
Atypical leiomyoma is a rare tumor of the bladder whose correct diagnosis with imaging techniques and cystoscopy is difficult. This tumor is prevalent in females and more common in middle age. In the present study we report a rare case of atypical leiomyoma presenting as flank pain and history of recurrent urinary tract infections in an elderly female. Ultrasound (US) showed that the wall of bladder was thickening and irregular, especially in the lower part of the bladder. US revealed hypoechoic solid mass with dimensions of 37 x 26 mm in the posterior bladder wall protruding into the bladder...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Roberto Giulianelli, Barbara Cristina Gentile, Gabriella Mirabile, Luca Albanesi, Paola Tariciotti, Giorgio Rizzo, Maurizio Buscarini, Mauro Vermiglio
INTRODUCTION: Understaging after initial transurethral resection is common in patients with high-risk non muscle infiltrating bladder cancer (NMIBC) and can delay accurate diagnosis and definitive treatment. The rate of upstaging from T1 to T2 disease after repeated transurethral resection ranges from 0 to 28%, although the rate of upstaging may be even higher up to 49% when muscularis propria is absent in the first specimen. A restaging classic transurethral resection of bladder tumour (re-cTURBT) is the better predictor of early stage progression...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Koji Mita, Kohei Kobatake, Shinya Ohara, Masao Kato
The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical benefits of transurethral resection (TUR) under narrow band imaging (NBI-TUR) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) compared with conventional white light imaging TUR (WLI-TUR). The subjects were 172 patients with NMIBC who were followed for more than 1 year after undergoing TUR with no additional postoperative treatment. In the WLI-TUR group (n=101), lesions that were detected as positive after systematic intravesical observation under WLI were resected completely under WLI...
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Douglass B Clayton, John W Brock
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: In this article, we explore the origins of intervention of fetal lower urinary tract obstruction, and we specifically discuss the background and recent outcomes of vesicoamniotic shunt placement and fetal cystoscopy. The article seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of the field while bringing the reader quickly up to speed on the pertinent literature and the critical data that are available to guide decision-making regarding intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Appropriate patient selection for fetal intervention remains challenging despite advances in prenatal imaging...
February 22, 2018: Current Urology Reports
Hossam S El-Tholoth, Sami Al Rasheedi, Faris Alharbi, Waleed Alshammari, Tarek Alzahrani, Ahmed Al Zahrani
Background: Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder (PUB) is exceedingly rare, accounting for <0.1% of all urinary bladder tumors. Various challenging treatment options are available. Case Presentation: A 67-year-old female presented with malignant hypertension on four medications for which investigation was done. An observation of having functioning PUB was noted. She was admitted and laparoscopic partial cystectomy was done with the guidance of flexible cystoscopy. She had a smooth postoperative course and was discharged home, then catheter was removed after cystogram...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
Ibrahim F Shatat
We report a case of a 5-year-old girl who presented with a 3-month-long history of gross hematuria. She underwent an extensive laboratory workup (including an automated urine microscopy) and a kidney biopsy, all of which were within normal limits. While being prepared for a cystoscopy and more advanced imaging of the urinary tract, the family mentioned history of travel to a schistosomiasis endemic area prompting a more thorough ova and parasite examination of the urine. Urine microscopy confirmed the diagnosis of Schistosoma hematobium ...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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