keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

A case control study

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926976/are-cytokines-useful-biomarkers-to-determine-disease-severity-in-neonates-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#1
Thomas Schaible, Janine Reineke, Ludwig Gortner, Dominik Monz, Regine Schaffelder, Erol Tutdibi
Background This study investigates plasma cytokine levels in neonates with the more common left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and correlates them with severity of disease indicated by position of the liver. An intrathoracic part of liver is associated with higher need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and higher risk for chronic lung disease (CLD). Methods A total of 28 newborns with CDH were subdivided by their liver position in partially intrathoracic (n = 16) and only abdominal (n = 12) position...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926973/neurologic-injury-in-acidemic-term-infants
#2
Alison G Cahill, Amit M Mathur, Christopher D Smyser, Robert C Mckinstry, Kimberly A Roehl, Julia D López, Terrie E Inder, George A Macones
Objective To determine whether arterial umbilical cord gas (aUCG) pH, in anatomically normal-term infants, could select infants at risk for brain injury identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design We performed a nested case-control within a prospective cohort of 8,580 women. Cases, with an aUCG pH < 7.10, were temporally, age, and sex matched to controls with an aUCG pH ≥ 7.20. Bi- and multivariable analyses compared the presence and severity of brain injury. Secondary analyses estimated whether elevated arterial base excess or lactate were associated with brain injury...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926937/intensive-circulation-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-peri-urban-sentinel-pigs-near-phnom-penh-cambodia
#3
Julien Cappelle, Veasna Duong, Long Pring, Lida Kong, Maud Yakovleff, Didot Budi Prasetyo, Borin Peng, Rithy Choeung, Raphaël Duboz, Sivuth Ong, San Sorn, Philippe Dussart, Arnaud Tarantola, Philippe Buchy, Véronique Chevalier
Despite the increased use of vaccination in several Asian countries, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) remains the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia in humans with an estimated 68,000 cases annually. Considered a rural disease occurring mainly in paddy-field dominated landscapes where pigs are amplifying hosts, JE may nevertheless circulate in a wider range of environment given the diversity of its potential hosts and vectors. The main objective of this study was to assess the intensity of JE transmission to pigs in a peri-urban environment in the outskirt of Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926762/association-of-arterial-and-lymph-node-inflammation-with-distinct-inflammatory-pathways-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#4
Ahmed Tawakol, Amorina Ishai, Danny Li, Richard A P Takx, Sophia Hur, Yannick Kaiser, Miguel Pampaloni, Adam Rupert, Denise Hsu, Irini Sereti, Rémi Fromentin, Nicolas Chomont, Peter Ganz, Steven G Deeks, Priscilla Y Hsue
Importance: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease and increased arterial inflammation. In HIV, inflammation is also increased within lymph nodes (LNs), tissues known to harbor the virus even among treated and suppressed individuals. Objective: To test the hypothesis that arterial inflammation is linked to HIV disease activity and to inflammation within HIV-infected tissues (LNs). Design, Setting, and Participants: For this case-control study, participants were recruited from the SCOPE (Observational Study of the Consequences of the Protease Inhibitor Era) cohort, a clinic-based cohort of individuals receiving care at San Francisco General Hospital and the San Francisco Veteran's Affairs Medical Center...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926758/association-between-surgeon-scorecard-use-and-operating-room-costs
#5
Corinna C Zygourakis, Victoria Valencia, Christopher Moriates, Christy K Boscardin, Sereina Catschegn, Alvin Rajkomar, Kevin J Bozic, Kent Soo Hoo, Andrew N Goldberg, Lawrence Pitts, Michael T Lawton, R Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
Importance: Despite the significant contribution of surgical spending to health care costs, most surgeons are unaware of their operating room costs. Objective: To examine the association between providing surgeons with individualized cost feedback and surgical supply costs in the operating room. Design, Setting, and Participants: The OR Surgical Cost Reduction (OR SCORE) project was a single-health system, multihospital, multidepartmental prospective controlled study in an urban academic setting...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926662/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-gallstone-disease-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jiantao Wang, Xiaolin Duan, Bingrong Li, Xiubo Jiang
Epidemiology studies have been carried out to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of gallstone disease, but the results remain controversial. We carried out a meta-analysis to quantitatively summarize the evidences from observational studies on alcohol consumption and the risk of gallstone disease. Eligible studies published in English were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases. The random-effect model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926659/macroprolactinomas-and-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#7
Kimberley Lambert, Kate Rees, Paul T Seed, Mandish K Dhanjal, Marian Knight, David R McCance, Catherine Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the monitoring, management, and outcomes of pituitary tumors in pregnancy. METHODS: A national, prospective, observational, population-based case series study was conducted in all U.K. consultant-led obstetric units over 3 years using the U.K. Obstetric Surveillance System. To evaluate rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes, women with a macroprolactinoma (10 mm or greater) or nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma, diagnosed before or during pregnancy, were compared with two comparison groups: 1) a U...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926655/maternal-morbidity-after-previable-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes
#8
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alexis Panzer, Matthew R Grace, Marcela C Smid, J Adeolu Keku, Catherine J Vladutiu, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for maternal morbidity after previable prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of singleton and twin pregnancies complicated by previable PROM (14.0-22.9 weeks of gestation) at a single tertiary care referral institution, 2000-2015. Pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies, previable PROM within 2 weeks of chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, and those with contraindications to expectant management (eg, chorioamnionitis) were excluded...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926584/common-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-type-6-increase-the-risk-for-proton-pump-inhibitor-induced-hypomagnesemia-a-case-control-study
#9
Mark W Hess, Jeroen H F de Baaij, Mark M T J Broekman, Tanya M Bisseling, Bertram J T Haarhuis, Adriaan C I T L Tan, René H M Te Morsche, Joost G J Hoenderop, René J M Bindels, Joost P H Drenth
OBJECTIVE: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective drugs for the treatment of gastric acid-related disorders. Serious adverse events are rare for PPIs, but recent data suggest that PPIs cause hypomagnesemia. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of PPI-induced hypomagnesemia and to define the risk factors for its development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 chronic users of PPIs were enrolled and patients were distinguished on the basis of their serum Mg concentrations...
December 6, 2016: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926530/the-association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-glaucoma-severity-in-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#10
Shengjie Li, Mingxi Shao, Binghua Tang, Aiping Zhang, Wenjun Cao, Xinghuai Sun
Uric acid (UA) is a major antioxidant molecule and has been hypothesized to have a protective effect on the central nervous system against oxidative damage. We prospectively investigated the serum concentration of UA in primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), and explored the association between serum concentration of UA and the severity of PACG. Using a retrospective case-control study design, 886 PACG subjects and 994 control subjects who attended the Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, were eligible for this study...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926500/the-association-between-clinical-prognostic-factors-and-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-egfr-tki-efficacy-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-assessment-of-94-cases-with-egfr-mutations
#11
Jing-Hui Lin, Dong Lin, Ling Xu, Qiang Wang, Hui-Hua Hu, Hai-Peng Xu, Zhi-Yong He
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of clinical prognostic factors with epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) efficacy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of 94 patients with stage IV NSCLC were retrospectively reviewed, and the association between clinical factors and EGFR-TKIs efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 94 stage IV NSCLC patients enrolled in this study, a 74...
December 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926481/metformin-therapy-and-risk-of-colorectal-adenomas-and-colorectal-cancer-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Feifei Liu, Lijing Yan, Zhan Wang, Yuanan Lu, Yuanyuan Chu, Xiangyu Li, Yisi Liu, Dongsheng Rui, Shaofa Nie, Hao Xiang
Recent evidence indicates that metformin therapy may be associated with a decreased colorectal adenoma/colorectal cancer risk in type 2 diabetes patients. However, results are not consistent. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between metformin therapy and risk of colorectal adenomas/colorectal cancer in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. We searched the literature published before Aug 31, 2016 in four databases: PubMed, Embase database, CNKI and VIP Library of Chinese Journal...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#13
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926460/association-of-serum-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-with-psychological-distress-in-the-second-and-third-trimesters-of-pregnancy-adjunct-study-of-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#14
Kei Hamazaki, Akiko Harauma, Satoru Tanabe, Miho Namai, Toru Moriguchi, Hidekuni Inadera
The results of several epidemiological studies and clinical trials investigating the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on antenatal and postnatal depression remain controversial. In a previous case-control study of early pregnancy in Japan, we found an inverse association between eicosapentaenoic acid and risk of psychological distress after adjusting for possible confounders. Here, in a 1:2 matched case-control study, we further investigated the possible relationship between serum n-3 PUFAs and risk of psychological distress in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy...
November 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925843/incidence-of-herpes-zoster-and-post-herpetic-neuralgia-in-italy-results-from-a-three-years-population-based-study
#15
Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Sara Boccalini, Domenico Martinelli, Barbara Pellizzari, Angela Bechini, Andrea Orsi, Paolo Bonanni, Rosa Prato, Stefania Iannazzo, Giancarlo Icardi
Herpes Zoster (HZ) and its main complication, post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), represent important public health issues because of their relevant burden among older adults. However, data on the epidemiology of HZ and PHN in Italy are very limited. A population-based study was performed by seeking for cases of HZ and PHN, occurred in the period 2013-2015, in the clinical charts of 56 General Practitioners working in four Italian Regions (Liguria, Puglia, Toscana and Veneto). The main objective of the study was to estimate the incidence of HZ and the proportion of PHN (at 1 and 3 months from the onset of HZ; PHN1 and PHN3) among people aged ≥ 50 years...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925621/presepsin-for-the-detection-of-early-onset-sepsis-in-preterm-newborns
#16
Paolo Montaldo, Roberto Rosso, Alfredo Santantonio, Giovanni Chello, Paolo Giliberti
BACKGROUND: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is responsible for an important fraction of neonatal morbidity and mortality all over the world. The aim of this study was to assess whether presepsin (P-SEP) can be a more accurate biomarker of EOS compared with pro-calcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive preterm neonates (<34 wk gestational age, admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit by 6 h of age and undergoing sepsis evaluation) were recruited as part of a case-matched control study...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925591/kinesthetic-feedback-during-2dof-wrist-movements-via-a-novel-mr-compatible-robot
#17
Andrew Erwin, Marcia O'Malley, David Ress, Fabrizio Sergi
We demonstrate the interaction control capabilities of the MR-SoftWrist, a novel MR-compatible robot capable of applying accurate kinesthetic feedback to wrist pointing movements executed during fMRI. The MR-SoftWrist, based on a novel design that combines parallel piezoelectric actuation with compliant force feedback, is capable of delivering 1.5 N·m of torque to the wrist of an interacting subject about the flexion/extension and radial/ulnar axes. The robot workspace, defined by admissible wrist rotation angles, fully includes a circle with a 20 deg radius...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925421/reducing-the-incidence-of-hospital-associated-venous-thromboembolism-within-a-network-of-academic-hospitals-findings-from-five-university-of-california-medical-centers
#18
REVIEW
Ian H Jenkins, Richard H White, Alpesh N Amin, Nasim Afsarmanesh, Andrew D Auerbach, Raman Khanna, Gregory A Maynard
BACKGROUND: Almost 700 patients suffered from hospital-associated venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) across 5 University of California hospitals in calendar year 2011. OBJECTIVE: Optimize venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis (VTEP) in adult medical/surgical inpatients and reduce HA-VTE by at least 20% within 3 years. DESIGN: Prospective, unblinded, open-intervention study with historical controls. SETTING: Five independent but cooperating academic hospitals...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925333/glycaemic-control-and-excess-risk-of-ischaemic-and-haemorrhagic-stroke-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-study-of-33-453-patients
#19
C Hedén Ståhl, M Lind, A-M Svensson, S Gudbjörnsdottir, A Mårtensson, A Rosengren
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the excess risk of stroke in relation to glycaemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In this prospective, matched cohort study, we identified patients with type 1 diabetes, aged ≥18 years, who were registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from 1998-2011 and five control subjects for each case from the general population, matched for age, sex and county of residence. The risks of all strokes, ischaemic stroke and haemorrhagic stroke were estimated using Cox hazard regression...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925328/screening-for-preeclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-the-usefulness-of-maternal-hemodynamics-and-bioimpedence-in-non-obese-patients
#20
Giulia Gagliardi, Grazia Maria Tiralongo, Damiano Lo Presti, Ilaria Pisani, Daniele Farsetti, Barbara Vasapollo, Gian Paolo Novelli, Angela Andreoli, Herbert Valensise
OBJECTIVE: To test if maternal hemodynamics, and bioimpedance, together with the Combined Screening (maternal history, biophysical and biochemical markers), are able to identify normotensive non-obese patients at risk for preeclampsia (PE) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in the first trimester of gestation. METHODS: 150 healthy nulliparous non-obese women (BMI<30Kg/m(2) ) were enrolled in the study in the first trimester of pregnancy and submitted to USCOM to detect hemodynamic parameters, bioimpedence to characterize body composition, and combined screening for preeclampsia (maternal history, biophysical and maternal biochemical markers)...
December 7, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
37509
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"