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Hip pain in adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634634/pain-and-fracture-related-limitations-persist-6%C3%A2-months-after-a-fragility-fracture
#1
Joanna E M Sale, Lucy Frankel, Stephen Thielke, Larry Funnell
Our objective was to examine the experience of pain after a fracture beyond the conventional healing duration of 6 months. We conducted a phenomenological study in participants who were deemed high risk for future fracture and recruited through an urban fracture clinic in Toronto, Canada. In-depth interviews were conducted with questions addressing the experience of pain, the status of recovery from the fracture, ways in which the fracture affected one's daily activities, and interactions with health care providers...
June 20, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632589/emergency-department-visits-following-elective-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-identifying-gaps-in-continuity-of-care
#2
Micaela A Finnegan, Robyn Shaffer, Austin Remington, Jereen Kwong, Catherine Curtin, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
BACKGROUND: Major joint replacement surgical procedures are common, elective procedures with a care episode that includes both inpatient readmissions and postoperative emergency department (ED) visits. Inpatient readmissions are well studied; however, to our knowledge, little is known about ED visits following these procedures. We sought to characterize 30-day ED visits following a major joint replacement surgical procedure. METHODS: We used administrative records from California, Florida, and New York, from 2010 through 2012, to identify adults undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630728/parameters-for-assessment-of-the-inferior-acetabulum-morphology-in-300-adult-hips
#3
Munif A Hatem, Luiz A M da Cunha, João C M Abdo, Hal David Martin
The inferior acetabulum (IA) has been studied as a stabilizer of the hip in flexed positions with potential implications in femoroacetabular impingement and hip instability. However, there is a paucity of studies considering the normal morphology and parameters for assessment of the IA. The purpose of this study was to define parameters to assess the IA morphology and their normal range. Specifically, the objectives were to assess: (i) the width of the anterior horn (AH) and posterior horn (PH) of the acetabulum; (ii) the inclination of the articular surface of the AH angle (AHA) and PH angle (PHA) in the axial plane; (iii) the anterior opening angle of the IA and differences between genders...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630727/medial-synovial-fold-cyst-in-the-hip-leading-to-pectineofoveal-impingement
#4
Naoki Nakano, Vikas Khanduja
Pectineofoveal impingement is a relatively rare condition, which can cause hip or groin pain along with mechanical symptoms of clicking in the young adult. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl who was referred to us with left hip pain, which had been affecting her for over six months along with mechanical symptoms of clicking. Following appropriate clinical examination and investigations the patient underwent arthroscopic surgery of her hip. At arthroscopy, a cyst was identified on the medial synovial fold, which was abutting against the zona orbicularis leading to pectineofoveal impingement...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630720/predictors-and-trajectories-of-chronic-postoperative-pain-following-hip-preservation-surgery
#5
Christine B Sieberg, Justyna Klajn, Cindy Wong, Garrett Bowen, Laura E Simons, Michael B Millis
Factors contributing to chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) are poorly defined in young people and developmental considerations are poorly understood. With over 5 million children undergoing surgery yearly and 25% of adults referred to chronic pain clinics identifying surgery as the antecedent, there is a need to elucidate factors that contribute to CPOP in surgical patients. The present study includes patients undergoing hip preservation surgery at a children's hospital. The HOOS and SF-12 Health Survey were administered to 614 pre-surgical patients with 421 patients completing follow-up (6-months, 1-year and 2-years post-surgery)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609639/the-iliofemoral-line-a-radiographic-sign-of-acetabular-dysplasia-in-the-adult-hip
#6
Matthew J Kraeutler, Zachary R Ashwell, Tigran Garabekyan, Jesse A Goodrich, K Linnea Welton, Jonathan A Flug, John N O'Hara, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: Several radiographic parameters utilized for the diagnosis of acetabular dysplasia in adults suffer from poor reproducibility and reliability. PURPOSE: To define and validate a novel radiographic parameter (the iliofemoral line [IFL]) for the detection of frank and borderline hip dysplasia and to compare the sensitivity and specificity of this radiographic marker to those of previously validated qualitative parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584206/long-term-outcome-of-multiple-small-diameter-drilling-decompression-combined-with-hip-arthroscopy-versus-drilling-alone-for-early-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#7
Ji Li, Zhong-Li Li, Hao Zhang, Xiang-Zheng Su, Ke-Tao Wang, Yi-Meng Yang
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of femoral head (AVNFH) typically presents in the young adults and progresses quickly without proper treatments. However, the optimum treatments for early stage of AVNFH are still controversial. This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effects of multiple small-diameter drilling decompression combined with hip arthroscopy for early AVNFH compared to drilling alone. METHODS: This is a nonrandomized retrospective case series study...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583060/impact-of-social-support-and-pain-coping-abilityon-length-of-stay-and-discharge-disposition-following-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study
#8
Emmanuel Edusei, Kelsey Grossman, Ashley Payne, Brian Perez, Ifeoma Inneh, Charles Nelson, James Slover
INTRODUCTION: While there are many factors known to predict the outcomes of hip and knee arthroplasty procedures, there is a growing interest in predictors that take into consideration the social and psychological preparedness of patients prior to surgery. This study's aim was to determine whether patients' preoperative social support and pain catastrophizing characteristics are independently associated with the outcomes of postoperative length of stay or discharge disposition following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
April 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560466/real-life-effectiveness-of-spa-therapy-in-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-retrospective-study-of-819-patients
#9
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
The objective of this study is to determine the use and efficacy of spa therapy in patients with a wide spectrum of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases under real-life clinical practice circumstances. In this retrospective observational study at the Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology Department of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, the records of all adult patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases who were prescribed a spa therapy in various health resorts in Turkey between 2002 and 2012 were analyzed...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559754/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-combined-with-physical-therapy-in-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Marta Inglés
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the treatment effectiveness of the combination of manual therapy (MT) with other physical therapy techniques. METHODS: Systematic searches of scientific literature were undertaken on PubMed and the Cochrane Library (2004-2014). The following terms were used: "patellofemoral pain syndrome," "physical therapy," "manual therapy," and "manipulation." RCTs that studied adults diagnosed with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) treated by MT and physical therapy approaches were included...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558822/do-outcomes-reported-in-randomised-controlled-trials-of-joint-replacement-surgery-fulfil-the-omeract-2-0-filter-a-review-of-the-2008-and-2013-literature
#11
Peter D H Wall, Bethan L Richards, Andrew Sprowson, Rachelle Buchbinder, Jasvinder A Singh
BACKGROUND: It is not known, whether outcome reporting in trials of total joint arthroplasty in the recent years is adequate or not. Our objective was to assess whether outcomes reported in total joint replacement (TJR) trials fulfil the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.0. METHODS: We systematically reviewed all TJR trials in adults, published in English in 2008 or 2013. Searches were conducted in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE...
May 30, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540341/reflections-on-hip-fracture-recovery-from-older-adults-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial
#12
Sarah Stott-Eveneshen, Joanie Sims-Gould, Megan M McAllister, Lena Fleig, Heather M Hanson, Wendy L Cook, Maureen C Ashe
This study describes patients' perspectives on recovery during participation in a randomized controlled trial that tested a postoperative hip fracture management program (B4 Clinic), compared with usual care, on mobility. Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 50 older adults with hip fracture (from both groups) twice over 12 months. A total of 32 women (64%) and 18 men (36%) participated in the study with a mean age at baseline of 82 (range = 65-98) years. A total of 40 participants reported recovery goals at some point during their recovery from hip fracture but only 18 participants realized their goals within 12 months...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530031/celecoxib-for-osteoarthritis
#13
REVIEW
Livia Puljak, Ana Marin, Davorka Vrdoljak, Filipa Markotic, Ana Utrobicic, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage and growth of new bone, cartilage and connective tissue. It is often associated with major disability and impaired quality of life. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment to improve OA symptoms. Celecoxib is a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits (pain, function, quality of life) and safety (withdrawals due to adverse effects, serious adverse effects, overall discontinuation rates) of celecoxib in osteoarthritis (OA)...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494088/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-hip-fractures
#14
REVIEW
Joanne Guay, Martyn J Parker, Richard Griffiths, Sandra Kopp
BACKGROUND: Various nerve blocks with local anaesthetic agents have been used to reduce pain after hip fracture and subsequent surgery. This review was published originally in 1999 and was updated in 2001, 2002, 2009 and 2017. OBJECTIVES: This review focuses on the use of peripheral nerves blocks as preoperative analgesia, as postoperative analgesia or as a supplement to general anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery. We undertook the update to look for new studies and to update the methods to reflect Cochrane standards...
May 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465223/the-maximum-tolerated-dose-of-walking-for-community-dwelling-people-recovering-from-hip-fracture-a-dose-response-trial
#15
Casey Peiris, Nora Shields, Michael Kingsley, Jack Yeung, Raphael Hau, Nicholas Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine how much moderate-intensity physical activity, in the form of walking, could be prescribed for people living in the community after hip fracture in terms of safety, tolerability and feasibility. DESIGN: Phase I dose-response design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two public community rehabilitation centres in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults (n=21, 16 women, mean age ± SD, 75 ± 9 years) who were cognitively alert, attending community rehabilitation after a hip fracture (mean ± SD days post fracture, 110 ± 47 days), able to walk with or without a gait aid and for whom it was safe to participate in physical activity...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460020/tnf-%C3%AE-and-stnf-rii-are-associated-with-pain-following-hip-fracture-surgery-in-older-adults
#16
Fred C Ko, William J Rubenstein, Eric J Lee, Albert L Siu, R Sean Morrison
Objective.:  To explore whether plasma inflammatory mediators on postoperative day 3 (POD3) are associated with pain scores in older adults after hip fracture surgery. Design.:  Cross-sectional study. Setting. : Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York. Subjects. : Forty patients age 60 years or older who presented with acute hip fracture at Mount Sinai Hospital between November 2011 and April 2013. Methods...
April 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435744/diagnosis-of-spinal-epidural-abscess-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Chidinma Chima-Melton, Michelle Pearl, Marni Scheiner
INTRODUCTION: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare but serious cause of back pain in the critical care setting. It occurs most commonly in adults in their fifth and sixth decades of life. Risk factors include diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, AIDS or other immunocompromised states, cancer, intravenous drug use, trauma and spinal surgery. The clinical presentation can be non-specific but the classical triad includes back pain, fever and neurological deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435582/transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-a-case-report
#18
K Pande, T T Aung, J F Leong, I Bickle
Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a benign, selflimiting condition characterised by acute onset groin pain in adults. Early diagnosis is important to differentiate it from progressive conditions such as osteonecrosis. We report on a middle-aged male who presented with right groin pain without any prior trauma. The diagnosis of transient osteoporosis of hip was confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and he was successfully treated with a course of Alendronate sodium, anti-inflammatory analgesics and a period of non-weight bearing ambulation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433815/patterns-and-predictors-of-persistent-opioid-use-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty
#19
S C Kim, N Choudhry, J M Franklin, K Bykov, M Eikermann, J Lii, M A Fischer, B T Bateman
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between arthroplasty and long-term opioid use in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis is not well studied. We examined the prevalence, patterns and predictors of persistent opioid use after hip or knee arthroplasty. METHOD: Using claims data (2004-2013) from a US commercial health plan, we identified adults who underwent hip or knee arthroplasty and filled ≥1 opioid prescription within 30 days after the surgery. We defined persistent opioid users as patients who filled ≥1 opioid prescription every month during the 1-year postoperative period based on group-based trajectory models...
April 19, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427725/association-of-mild-leg-length-discrepancy-and-degenerative-changes-in-the-hip-joint-and-lumbar-spine
#20
Kelvin J Murray, Tom Molyneux, Michael R Le Grande, Aurora Castro Mendez, Franz K Fuss, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between mild leg length discrepancy (LLD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) or osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated standard postural lumbopelvic radiographs from 255 adults (121 women and 134 men) who had presented with spinal pain for chiropractic care. Symmetry of femoral head diameters was used to exclude magnification errors. Pearson's partial correlation was used to control for age and derive effect sizes for LLD on DJD in the hip and lower lumbar motion segments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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