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Hip pain in adult

Sang-Min Kim, Seung-Min Oh, Chang-Ho Cho, Seung-Jae Lim, Young-Wan Moon, Sang-Hee Choi, Youn-Soo Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report the clinical course of fatigue-type subchondral fractures of the femoral head in young healthy adults. MATERIALS/METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 consecutive patients (34 hips) who had a clear history of a sudden increase in physical activity without trauma on the hip and pelvis, and were diagnosed as having a fatigue-type subchondral fracture of the femoral head. The diagnosis was made primarily on the basis of sequential plain radiographs and magnetic resonance images...
October 18, 2016: Injury
Amabile Borges Dario, Manuela Loureiro Ferreira, Kathryn Refshauge, Alejandro Luque-Suarez, Juan Ramon Ordoñana, Paulo Henrique Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Obesity is commonly investigated as a potential risk factor for LBP, however the current evidence remains unclear. Limitations in previous studies may explain the inconsistent results in the field such as use of a cross-sectional design, limitations in the measures used to assess obesity (e.g. body mass index - BMI) and poor adjustment for confounders (e.g. genetics and physical activity). PURPOSE AND DESIGN: To better understand the effects of obesity on LBP, our aim was to investigate in a prospective cohort whether obesity-related measures increase the risk of chronic LBP outcomes using a longitudinal design...
October 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Nima Toosizadeh, Homayoon Harati, Tzu-Chuan Yen, Cindy Fastje, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi, Michael Dohm
BACKGROUND: This study examined short- and long-term improvements in motor performance, quantified using wearable sensors, in response to facet spine injection in degenerative facet osteoarthropathy patients. METHODS: Adults with confirmed degenerative facet osteoarthropathy were recruited and were treated with medial or intermediate branch block injection. Self-report pain, health condition, and disability (Oswestry), as well as objective motor performance measures (gait, balance, and timed-up-and-go) were obtained in five sessions: pre-surgery (baseline), immediately after the injection, one-month, three-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Yong-Chan Kim, Lawrence G Lenke, Seon-Jong Lee, Jeffrey L Gum, Sirichai Wilartratsami, Kathy M Blanke
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to confirm the correlation between the Cranial Sagittal Vertical Axis (CrSVA) and patient-reported outcomes and to compare clinical correlation between CrSVA and C7 SVA in adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. METHODS: 108 consecutive ASD patients were evaluated using the EOS(®) 2D/3D radio-imaging device. A vertical plumb line from the cranial center was utilized to measure the distance to the posterior corner of S1 (CrSVA-S), and to the centers of the hip (CrSVA-H), the knee (CrSVA-K), and ankle (CrSVA-A), as well as measuring the standard C7 SVA...
October 14, 2016: European Spine Journal
Amber K Brooks, Mercy A Udoji
Chronic pain in older patients is often treated with pain medications, physical rehabilitation, interventional pain management, and/or psychological interventions. The administration of pain medications is the most common form of chronic pain treatment. Physiologic changes in older adults make them more susceptible to the potential side effects of oral pain medications, especially opioids. Interventional pain management offers an alternative treatment option. This article reviews some of the interventional techniques used to treat the most common sites of pain in older adults: back, knee, and hip...
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
Julia R Dahlqvist, Christoffer R Vissing, Gitte Hedermann, Carsten Thomsen, John Vissing
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the age-related changes in fatty replacement and cross sectional area (CSA) of cervical, thoracic and lumbar paraspinal muscles vs. leg muscles in healthy adults, and to test for association between muscle fat fraction and lifestyle factors. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy adults (24-76 years) were included. Dixon MRI technique was used to determine CSA and quantify fat fraction of paraspinal and leg muscles. Muscle CSA and fat fractions were tested for association with age and muscle strength...
October 13, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Adam C Johnson, John H Hollman, Benjamin M Howe, Jonathan T Finnoff
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine if ischiofemoral space (IFS) dimensions vary with changes in hip flexion as a result of placing a bolster behind the knees during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A secondary aim was to determine if IFS dimensions vary between supine and prone hip neutral positions. DESIGN: The study employed a prospective design. SETTING: Sports medicine center within a tertiary care institution. PARTICIPANTS: Five male and five female adult subjects (age mean = 29...
October 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Kate Button, Fiona Morgan, Helen Hodgson, Alison L Weightman, Steve Jones
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the most frequently reported chronic conditions and one of the biggest causes of disability in the UK. Given the ageing population and the impact of these problems, the demand for MSK treatment will rise. Despite reduced waiting times, MSK pathways have remained variable and inconsistent and need to be improved to meet patient needs. The aim of this systematic review is to understand the evidence for the effectiveness of current models of service delivery and care pathways for adult hip/knee pain patients accessing secondary care for specialist opinions...
August 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
C Morin, C Ursu, C Delecourt
INTRODUCTION: The everyday life of a non-ambulatory adolescent or young adult with cerebral palsy can be severely impaired by a painful or stiff hip. The usual surgical solutions such as proximal femoral resection (PFR) are not entirely satisfactory for pain relief, and are mutilating. HYPOTHESIS: A retrospective study assessed the impact of total hip replacement (THR) on such impairment, on the hypothesis that it is more effective than PFR in relieving pain, without aggravating disability...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ilias Katsougrakis, Alexandros P Apostolopoulos, Samantha Z Tross
UNLABELLED: Femoral-neck stress fractures are relatively rare and may present as sports-related injuries. The presentation is variable, and prompt diagnosis facilitates the earliest return to pre-morbid functional activity levels. Delayed detection may precipitate femoral non-union or avascular necrosis, resulting in long-term functional deficit. AIMS: We describe the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic approach of a femoral-neck stress fracture that occurred in a 28-year-old female recreational runner...
2016: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
Anna L Hatton, François Hug, Sarah H Chen, Christine Reid, Nicole A Sorensen, Kylie Tucker
Middle-aged adults with painful hip conditions show balance impairments that are consistent with an increased risk of falls. Pathological changes at the hip, accompanied by pain, may accelerate pre-existing age-related balance deficits present in midlife. To consider the influence of pain alone, we investigated the effects of acute experimental hip muscle pain on dynamic single-limb balance in middle-aged adults. Thirty-four healthy adults aged 40-60 years formed two groups (Group-1: n=16; Group-2: n=18). Participants performed four tasks: Reactive Sideways Stepping (ReactSide); Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT); Step Test; Single-Limb Squat; before and after an injection of hypertonic saline into the right gluteus medius muscle (Group-1) or ∼5min rest (Group-2)...
September 13, 2016: Gait & Posture
Thomas J Weber, Eileen K Sawyer, Scott Moseley, Tatjana Odrljin, Priya S Kishnani
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare metabolic bone disease caused by loss-of-function mutation(s) in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline (TNSALP) phosphatase gene, which manifests as rickets and/or osteomalacia with systemic complications and affects patients of all ages. The burden of disease is poorly characterized in adult patients. AIMS: We assessed patient-reported burden of disease using two surveys reasonably specific for HPP symptomatology, the Hypophosphatasia Impact Patient Survey (HIPS) and the Hypophosphatasia Outcomes Study Telephone interview (HOST)...
October 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Stephanie Pun
Hip dysplasia is a treatable developmental disorder that presents early in life but if neglected can lead to chronic disability due to pain, decreased function, and early osteoarthritis. The main causes of hip dysplasia in the young adult are residual childhood developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and adolescent-onset acetabular dysplasia. These two distinct disease processes affect the growing hip during different times of development but result in a similar deformity and pathomechanism of hip degeneration...
September 9, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Nishint Gupta, Vipul Vijay
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head needs to be addressed early in the course of the disease, to prevent progression to osteoarthritis. A revascularizing procedure which can help preserve the head should be considered in young adults to alleviate the need for total hip arthroplasty. We included 40 cases (53 hips) of AVN of femoral head operated with Sartorius muscle pedicle iliac bone grafting, done by the senior author. Early post-operative rehabilitation was done. The weight bearing was delayed for 6 weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, P D H Wall, J L Donovan, N E Foster, C E Hutchinson, N Parsons, S Petrou, A Realpe, J Achten, F Achana, A Adams, M L Costa, J Griffin, R Hobson, J Smith
INTRODUCTION: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is a recognised cause of young adult hip pain. There has been a large increase in the number of patients undergoing arthroscopic surgery for FAI; however, a recent Cochrane review highlighted that there are no randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating treatment effectiveness. We aim to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of arthroscopic surgery versus best conservative care for patients with FAI syndrome. METHODS: We will conduct a multicentre, pragmatic, assessor-blinded, two parallel arm, RCT comparing arthroscopic surgery to physiotherapy-led best conservative care...
2016: BMJ Open
Mayank Gupta, R-K Arya, Satish Kumar, Vijay-Kumar Jain, Skand Sinha, Ananta-Kumar Naik
PURPOSE: Both cannulated cancellous screw (CCS) and sliding hip screw (SHS) are used in femoral neck fracture fixations, but which is superior is yet to be determined. This study was aimed to compare the clinicoradiological outcome of femoral neck fracture treated with SHS or CCS in young adults. METHODS: Adults (16e60 years) with femoral neck fracture were divided into Group 1 fixed with SHS and Group 2 fixed with three CCS after closed reduction. Pain relief, functional recovery and postoperative radiographs at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and then yearly for upto 4 years were analyzed...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Joanne Hui Min Quah, Pei Wang, Roderica Rui Ge Ng, Nan Luo, Ngiap Chuan Tan
AIM: Older adults are susceptible to two or more chronic ailments or multimorbidity. The present study aimed to establish the relationship between multimorbidity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) amongst Asian elderly patients in primary care in a developed nation. It also assessed how functional disability and chronic musculoskeletal pain are associated with HRQoL. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a Singapore public primary care clinic...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Walid Faraj, Ghina El Nounou, Abdallah Abou Al Naaj, Nancy Nakhoul, Ali Haydar, Mohammad Khalife
Liver transplantation provides an important, often life-saving treatment for end-stage liver disease. Osteoporosis post-liver transplantation has been described in adults; however, this has not been described in the pediatric population to date. We present a case of a 13-year-old female patient who underwent an orthotopic liver transplant for cryptogenic liver cirrhosis. Her immunosuppressants were tacrolimus and prednisone. Four months posttransplant, she started complaining of bilateral lower limb pain and limping while walking, progressing to a point where she was almost immobile...
August 22, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
Tristan McMillan, Haroon Rehman, Martin Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Injury secondary to epileptic seizure is widely documented in the literature. In particular, uncontrolled muscular contractions generated during a seizure can lead to a variety of musculoskeletal injuries. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 16-year-old male who presented on two separate occasions after a tonic-clonic seizure with hip pain, an antalgic gait, and marked discomfort on hip flexion. Radiologic investigation revealed an acute isolated fracture of the lesser trochanters...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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