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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054056/supercritical-water-gasification-of-sewage-sludge-in-continuous-reactor
#1
Apip Amrullah, Yukihiko Matsumura
In this study, a process for the continuous recovery of phosphorus and generation of gas from sewage sludge is investigated for the first time using supercritical water gasification (SCWG). A continuous reactor was employed and experiments were conducted by varying the temperature (500-600 °C) and residence time (5-60 s) while fixing the pressure at 25 MPa. The behavior of phosphorus during the SCWG process was studied. The effect of the temperature and time on the composition of the product gas was also investigated...
October 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053997/association-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-role-of-mean-platelet-volume-or-club-cell-secretory-protein
#2
Chen Hu, Jian Hou, Yun Zhou, Huizhen Sun, Wenjun Yin, Youjian Zhang, Xian Wang, Guiyang Wang, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play an important role in the association between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of PAHs exposure with ASCVD risk and effects of mean platelet volume (MPV) or Club cell secretory protein (CC16) on the association. METHODS: A total of 2022 subjects (689 men and 1333 women) were drawn from the baseline Wuhan residents of the Wuhan-Zhuhai Cohort study...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053899/peptidergic-nerve-fibers-in-the-urethra-morphological-and-neurochemical-characteristics-in-female-mice-of-reproductive-age
#3
Christine M Barry, Esther Ji, Harman Sharma, Pauline Yap, Nicholas J Spencer, Dusan Matusica, Rainer V Haberberger
BACKGROUND: Peptidergic nerve fibers provide important contributions to urethral function. Urethral innervation of female mice is not well documented. AIMS: To determine the distribution and projection sites of nerve fibers immunoreactive for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the urethra of wild-type control mice and compare innervation characteristics between the proximal and distal urethra of young nullipara and older multipara mice...
October 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053769/relationships-of-variations-in-the-tongue-microbiota-and-pneumonia-mortality-in-nursing-home-residents
#4
Shinya Kageyama, Toru Takeshita, Michiko Furuta, Mikiko Tomioka, Mikari Asakawa, Shino Suma, Kenji Takeuchi, Yukie Shibata, Yasuyuki Iwasa, Yoshihisa Yamashita
Background: Aspiration of oral debris, containing dense oral bacteria, is a major cause of pneumonia in elderly adults. This study investigated the relationship between tongue microbiota composition and incidence of pneumonia-related deaths, in nursing home residents. Methods: The subjects were assessed for health conditions, including their tongue microbiota, at baseline. We determined tongue microbiota profiles by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing and clustering approach...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053768/investigating-the-impact-of-maternal-residential-mobility-on-identifying-critical-windows-of-susceptibility-to-ambient-air-pollution-during-pregnancy
#5
Joshua L Warren, Ji-Young Son, Gavin Pereira, Brian P Leaderer, Michelle L Bell
Identifying periods of increased vulnerability during pregnancy to air pollution with respect to the development of adverse birth outcomes can improve understanding of possible mechanisms of disease development and provide guidelines for protection of the child. Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy is typically based on the residence at delivery, potentially resulting in exposure misclassification and biasing the estimation of critical windows. In this work, we determine the impact of maternal residential mobility during pregnancy on defining weekly exposure to PM10 and the estimation of windows of susceptibility for term low birth weight utilizing birth cohort datasets from Connecticut (1988-2008) that include information on all residential addresses for each woman between conception and delivery...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053721/xx-disorder-of-sex-development-is-associated-with-an-insertion-on-chromosome-9-and-downregulation-of-rspo1-in-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris
#6
Vicki N Meyers-Wallen, Adam R Boyko, Charles G Danko, Jennifer K Grenier, Jason G Mezey, Jessica J Hayward, Laura M Shannon, Chuan Gao, Afrah Shafquat, Edward J Rice, Shashikant Pujar, Stefanie Eggers, Thomas Ohnesorg, Andrew H Sinclair
Remarkable progress has been achieved in understanding the mechanisms controlling sex determination, yet the cause for many Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) remains unknown. Of particular interest is a rare XX DSD subtype in which individuals are negative for SRY, the testis determining factor on the Y chromosome, yet develop testes or ovotestes, and both of these phenotypes occur in the same family. This is a naturally occurring disorder in humans (Homo sapiens) and dogs (C. familiaris). Phenotypes in the canine XX DSD model are strikingly similar to those of the human XX DSD subtype...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053695/targeting-cysteine-thiols-for-in-vitro-site-specific-glycosylation-of-recombinant-proteins
#7
Yoo Jung Choi, Jinhui Zhu, Steve Chung, Naveed Siddiqui, Qingping Feng, Peter B Stathopulos
Stromal interaction molecule-1 (STIM1) is a type-I transmembrane protein located on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and plasma membranes (PM). ER-resident STIM1 regulates the activity of PM Orai1 channels in a process known as store operated calcium (Ca(2+)) entry which is the principal Ca(2+) signaling process that drives the immune response. STIM1 undergoes post-translational N-glycosylation at two luminal Asn sites within the Ca(2+) sensing domain of the molecule. However, the biochemical, biophysical, and structure biological effects of N-glycosylated STIM1 were poorly understood until recently due to an inability to readily obtain high levels of homogeneous N-glycosylated protein...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053607/does-migration-limit-the-effect-of-health-insurance-on-hypertension-management-in-china
#8
Hai Fang, Yinzi Jin, Miaomiao Zhao, Huyang Zhang, John A Rizzo, Donglan Zhang, Zhiyuan Hou
Background: In China, rapid urbanization has caused migration from rural to urban areas, and raised the prevalence of hypertension. However, public health insurance is not portable from one place to another, and migration may limit the effectiveness of this non-portable health insurance on healthcare. Our study aims to investigate whether migration limits the effectiveness of health insurance on hypertension management in China. Methods: Data were obtained from the national baseline survey of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011, including 4926 hypertensive respondents with public health insurance...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053576/toward-age-friendly-slums-health-challenges-of-older-slum-dwellers-in-nairobi-and-the-applicability-of-the-age-friendly-city-approach
#9
Isabella Aboderin, Megumi Kano, Hilda Akinyi Owii
A majority of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other developing regions live in informal settlements, or slums. Much of the discourse on slum health centres on younger generations, while an intensifying agenda on healthy ageing as yet lacks a systematic focus on slums. Similarly, the global age-friendly cities (AFC) movement does not, thus far, extend to slums. This paper examines the particular challenges that a slum-focused age-friendly initiative in SSA may need to address, and the relevance of present AFC indicators and domains for initiatives to advance the health and well-being of older slum dwellers...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053527/a-paradigm-shift-from-brick-and-mortar-full-time-nursing-faculty-off-campus
#10
Marlene Beck, Holly B Bradley, Linda L Cook, Joslin B Leasca, Tammy Lampley, JoAnne Gatti-Petito
The organizational structure for the Master of Science in Nursing's online program at Sacred Heart University offers a remarkably different innovative faculty model. Full-time, doctorally prepared faculty reside in several different states and teach online but are fully integrated and immersed in all aspects of the college of nursing. This untraditional model, which has proven to be successful over time using best practices for online education, is replicable and offers an innovative option for online learning...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053519/a-low-cost-simulator-for-training-in-endoscopic-assisted-transaxillary-dual-plane-breast-augmentation
#11
Chenglong Wang, Lin Chen, Dali Mu, Minqiang Xin, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic-assisted transaxillary dual-plane (EATD) technique is a popular procedure for breast augmentation, especially for Chinese women. However, frustration is often expressed by plastic surgeons when first attempting EATD surgery. Simulation-based teaching is beneficial for EATD training, but it is expensive. This study presents a low-cost simulator to help plastic surgeons exercise psychomotor skills during EATD surgery. METHODS: The low-cost simulator was invented by Dr Jie Luan (the senior author) and made of some easily available materials including a mannequin, a T-shirt printed the bottom anatomical structure of the chest, the order of dissection, and the potential bleeding spot, and an elastic compression garment printed the upper anatomical structure and the cut-off position to sever the pectoralis major muscle...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#12
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053408/geographical-differentials-in-uptake-of-antenatal-care-services-in-nigeria
#13
Omotayo Adewale Haruna-Ogun
Uptake of antenatal care (ANC) is poor in Nigeria, however there are geographical variations. We investigated the relationship between place of residence, region and ANC utilization in Nigeria. Using data of the most recent demographic and health survey, the geographic predictors of ANC were modelled. Women in the rural areas were 79 percent less likely to have the recommended four ANC visits. The odds of a woman in Southern Nigeria having four ANC visit are 4.347 times the odds of a woman in Northern Nigeria having the recommended ANC visit...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053337/obesity-and-severity-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
RATIONALE: Obesity is relatively common among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the association of obesity with severity of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and in-hospital mortality. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of obesity with severity markers of AECOPD and in-hospital mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using population-based data - the 2012-2013 State Inpatient Databases - of seven US states (Arkansas, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington)...
October 20, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053332/radiatively-generating-the-higgs-potential-and-electroweak-scale-via-the-seesaw-mechanism
#15
Ilaria Brivio, Michael Trott
The minimal seesaw scenario can radiatively generate the Higgs potential to induce electroweak symmetry breaking while supplying an origin of the Higgs vacuum expectation value from an underlying Majorana scale. If the Higgs potential and (derived) electroweak scale have this origin, the heavy SU(3)×SU(2)×U(1)_{Y} singlet states are expected to reside at m_{N}∼10-500  PeV for couplings |ω|∼10^{-4.5}-10^{-6} between the Majorana sector and the standard model. In this framework, the usual challenge of the electroweak scale hierarchy problem with a classically assumed potential is absent as the electroweak scale is not a fundamental scale...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053311/inducing-and-manipulating-heteroelectronic-states-in-a-single-mos_-2-thin-flake
#16
Q H Chen, J M Lu, L Liang, O Zheliuk, A Ali, P Sheng, J T Ye
By dual gating a few-layer MoS_{2} flake, we induce spatially separated electronic states showing superconductivity and Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations. While the highly confined superconductivity forms at the K/K^{'} valleys of the topmost layer, the SdH oscillations are contributed by the electrons residing in the Q/Q^{'} valleys of the rest of the bottom layers, which is confirmed by the extracted Landau level degeneracy of 3, electron effective mass of 0.6m_{e}, and carrier density of 5×10^{12}  cm^{-2}...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053246/driving-chemical-reactions-in-plasmonic-nanogaps-with-electrohydrodynamic-flow
#17
William John Thrift, Cuong Quoc Nguyen, Mahsa Darvishzadeh-Varcheie, Siavash Zare, Nicholas Sharac, Robert Noboru Sanderson, Torin J Dupper, Allon I Hochbaum, Filippo Capolino, Mohammad Javad Abdolhosseini Qomi, Regina Ragan
Nanoparticles from colloidal solution - with controlled composition, size, and shape - serve as excellent building blocks for plasmonic devices and metasurfaces. However, understanding hierarchical driving forces affecting geometry of oligomers and interparticle gap spacings is still needed to fabricate high density architectures over large areas. Here, electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow is used as a long-range driving force to enable carbodiimide crosslinking between nanospheres and produces oligomers exhibiting sub-nanometer gap spacing over mm(2) areas...
October 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053183/impact-of-recent-medicaid-expansions-on-office-based-primary-care-and-specialty-care-among-the-newly-eligible
#18
Adam I Biener, Samuel H Zuvekas, Steven C Hill
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of Medicaid expansions on office-based care among the newly eligible. DATA SOURCE: 2008-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. STUDY DESIGN: The main sample is adults age 26-64 with incomes ≤138% of poverty who were not eligible for Medicaid prior to the Affordable Care Act. For this population, difference-in-differences linear probability models compare utilization between expansion and nonexpansion states and between 2008-2013 and 2014...
October 20, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052935/relationship-between-chronic-kidney-disease-without-diabetes-mellitus-and-components-of-frailty-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults
#19
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Masakazu Imaoka, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between kidney function without diabetes and components of the frailty phenotype in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. METHODS: Participants were 8343 residents who completed baseline assessments, classified into four categories according to eGFR. Frailty status was defined using five criteria: (i) slow gait speed; (ii) muscle weakness; (iii) low physical activity; (iv) exhaustion; and (v) unintentional weight loss. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, participants with the lowest kidney function were at higher risk of frailty (OR 1...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052921/a-concept-analysis-of-the-term-migrant-women-in-the-context-of-pregnancy
#20
Marie-Clare Balaam, Melanie Haith-Cooper, Alena Pařízková, Marina Joanna Weckend, Valerie Fleming, Triin Roosalu, Sanja Špoljar Vržina
AIM: This paper explores the concept of migrant women as used in European healthcare literature in context of pregnancy to provide a clearer understanding of the concept for use in research and service delivery. METHODS: Walker and Avant's method of concept analysis. RESULTS: The literature demonstrates ambiguity around the concept; most papers do not provide an explicit or detailed definition of the concept. They include the basic idea that women have moved from an identifiable region/country to the country in which the research is undertaken but fail to acknowledge adequately the heterogeneity of migrant women...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
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