keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

residency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245081/safety-in-stigmatizing-instrumental-stigma-beliefs-and-protective-sexual-behavior-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
David A Cort, Hsin Fei Tu
How are people's expression of HIV stigma beliefs connected to their own personal decisions concerning safe sexual practices? Does this relationship vary across countries and by the national context in which people reside? To answer these questions, we develop and test individual, contextual, and cross-level interactional hypotheses of the impact of instrumental HIV stigma attitudes on several measures of protective sexual behavior. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 467,656 unpartnered individuals across 34 sub-Saharan African countries, we first find that counterintuitively, conservative HIV stigma attitudes are associated with lower likelihoods of participating in all types of protective sexual behaviors...
December 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245050/nanog-restores-the-impaired-myogenic-differentiation-potential-of-skeletal-myoblasts-after-multiple-population-doublings
#2
Aref Shahini, Debanik Choudhury, Mohammadnabi Asmani, Ruogang Zhao, Pedro Lei, Stelios T Andreadis
Adult skeletal muscle regeneration relies on the activity of satellite cells residing in the skeletal muscle niche. However, systemic and intrinsic factors decrease the myogenic differentiation potential of satellite cells thereby impairing muscle regeneration. Here we present data showing that late passage C2C12 myoblasts exhibited significantly impaired myogenic differentiation potential that was accompanied by impaired expression of myogenic regulatory factors (Myf5, MyoD, Myogenin, and MRF4) and members of myocyte enhancer factor 2 family...
December 2, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245016/preferential-myofibroblast-differentiation-of-cardiac-mesenchymal-progenitor-cells-in-the-presence-of-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Elisa Gambini, Gianluca Lorenzo Perrucci, Beatrice Bassetti, Gabriella Spaltro, Giulia Campostrini, Maria Chiara Lionetti, Alberto Pilozzi, Federico Martinelli, Andrea Faruggia, Dario DiFrancesco, Andrea Barbuti, Giulio Pompilio
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by electrical, contractile, and structural remodeling mediated by interstitial fibrosis. It has been shown that human cardiac mesenchymal progenitor cells (CMPCs) can be differentiated into endothelial, smooth muscle, and fibroblast cells. Here, we have investigated, for the first time, the contribution of CMPCs in the fibrotic process occurring in AF. As expected, right auricolae samples displayed significantly higher fibrosis in AF vs control (CTR) patients. In tissue samples of AF patients only, double staining for c-kit and the myofibroblast marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was detected...
November 27, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244269/current-trends-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-a-developing-country
#4
Carlos A Batagello, Fabio Carvalho Vicentini, Giovanni Scala Marchini, Fabio Cesar Miranda Torricelli, Miguel Srougi, Willian Carlos Nahas, Eduardo Mazzucchi
INTRODUCTION: To present the current practice patterns on percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was offered to Brazilian urologists during the II International Endourology Symposium held in Sao Paulo, in 2015. The first seven questions were related to demographic data while the 20 remaining were directed to urologists who performed PCNL. RESULTS: From 250 participants, 100 replied to the survey, 81% performed PCNL and 60...
December 18, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244176/parvovirus-b19-is-associated-with-a-significant-decrease-in-hemoglobin-level-among-children-5-years-of-age-with-anemia-in-northwestern-tanzania
#6
Yustina A Tizeba, Mariam M Mirambo, Neema Kayange, Tumaini Mhada, Emmanuela E Ambrose, Luke R Smart, Stephen E Mshana
Parvovirus B19 (B19) can cause transient aplastic crisis and lead to acute severe anemia. This study investigated the relationship between B19 and anemia among children <5 years old in the city of Mwanza, Tanzania. An enzyme immunoassay was used to detect B19 IgM- and IgG-specific antibodies among children with various categories of anemia according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. A total of 265 children with median age of 28.5 months (interquartile range 18-39.5) were investigated. Eighty-six children (32...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243923/crystalline-superlattices-of-nanoscopic-cds-molecular-clusters-an-x-ray-crystallography-and-111cd-ssnmr-spectroscopy-study
#7
Tetyana I Levchenko, Bryan E G Lucier, John F Corrigan, Yining Huang
Systematic 111Cd solid-state (SS) NMR experiments were performed to correlate X-ray crystallographic data with SSNMR parameters for a set of CdS-based materials, varying from molecular crystals of small complexes [Cd(SPh)4]2- and [Cd4(SPh)10]2- to superlattices of large monodisperse clusters [Cd54S32(SPh)48(dmf)4]4- and 1.9 nm CdS. Methodical data analysis allowed for assigning individual resonances or resonance groups to particular types of cadmium sites residing in different chemical and/or crystallographic environments...
December 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243884/dynamics-of-bed-bug-infestations-in-three-low-income-housing-communities-with-various-bed-bug-management-programs
#8
Changlu Wang, Amanda Eiden, Narinderpal Singh, Chen Zha, Desen Wang, Richard Cooper
BACKGROUND: Infestations of the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius L., have become common in low-income communities in the United States over the last 15 years. We evaluated community-based integrated pest management (IPM) programs for reducing bed bug infestations. Two housing authorities (Bayonne and Hackensack) implemented bed bug IPM programs. A third housing authority (Paterson) was used as the control site. Building-wide surveys were conducted in all communities, three times, to evaluate the effectiveness of the IPM programs...
December 15, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243817/association-between-atopic-dermatitis-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-control-study
#9
Janice M Cho, Dawn Marie R Davis, David A Wetter, Adam C Bartley, Jerry D Brewer
BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been published on whether an association exists between atopic dermatitis (AD) and nonmelanoma skin cancer. This study aimed to determine whether individuals with AD had an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) development. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, case-control study of patients residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Cases were selected from patients seen at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) who had an initial SCC diagnosis (either invasive SCC or SCC in situ) from January 1, 1996, through December 23, 2010...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243539/the-influence-of-neighbor-effect-and-urbanization-toward-organ-donation-in-thailand
#10
Kua Wongboonsin, Pavitra Jindahra, Surat Teerakapibal
INTRODUCTION: Toward population wellness, an extreme scarcity of organ supply is proven to be an enormous hindrance. Preferences toward organ donation are vital to raise the organ donation rate. Notably, the area people live in can address the social influence on individual preference toward organ donation. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: This article studies the impact of the neighbor effect on organ donation decisions, addressing the social influence of urbanization on preferences...
January 1, 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#11
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243167/psychological-distress-among-indigenous-australian-cancer-survivors
#12
Gail Garvey, J Cunningham, M Janda, V Yf He, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the level of and factors associated with distress in 155 Indigenous Australian cancer survivors approximately 6 months post-diagnosis. METHODS: The distress thermometer (DT) was used to assess clinically significant distress (defined as having a DT score ≥ 4). Logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with clinically significant distress. RESULTS: The mean distress score was 2...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242840/the-mid-childhood-and-adolescent-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-orientation
#13
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242837/the-human-gut-microbial-metabolome-modulates-fungal-growth-via-the-tor-signaling-pathway
#14
Carlos García, Faiza Tebbji, Michelle Daigneault, Ning-Ning Liu, Julia R Köhler, Emma Allen-Vercoe, Adnane Sellam
Candida albicans is well known as a major human fungal pathogen, but it is also a permanent resident of healthy gastrointestinal tracts. Recent studies have shown that the human gut microbial metabolome represents an interesting source of bioactive molecules with a significant degree of chemical diversity. Some of these bioactive molecules may have useful antivirulence activities. For instance, intestinal bacterial species belonging to the Lachnospiraceae family were found to secrete molecules that attenuate Salmonella pathogenicity and repress the expression of virulence genes...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242825/hydraulic-fracturing-and-infant-health-new-evidence-from-pennsylvania
#15
Janet Currie, Michael Greenstone, Katherine Meckel
The development of hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") is considered the biggest change to the global energy production system in the last half-century. However, several communities have banned fracking because of unresolved concerns about the impact of this process on human health. To evaluate the potential health impacts of fracking, we analyzed records of more than 1.1 million births in Pennsylvania from 2004 to 2013, comparing infants born to mothers living at different distances from active fracking sites and those born both before and after fracking was initiated at each site...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242754/the-relationship-between-family-parent-and-child-characteristics-and-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-among-ukrainian-mothers
#16
Viktor Burlaka, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Olena Savchuk, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Objective: To assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of Ukrainian mothers of schoolchildren, and to examine the relationship between IPV and family, parent, and child characteristics utilizing multilevel models. Method: Mothers of children aged 9-16 (n = 278, 93.5% Ukrainians) answered the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) assessing IPV. We also examined the relationship between IPV and maternal age, education, employment and marital status, family income, and rural or urban residence...
July 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242752/out-of-pocket-expenditures-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-general-and-specialised-cardiac-hospitals-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#17
Mieraf Taddesse Tolla, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Stéphane Verguet, Abebe Bekele, Kassahun Amenu, Senbeta Guteta Abdisa, Kjell Arne Johansson
Background: Cardiovascular disease poses a great financial risk on households in countries without universal health coverage like Ethiopia. This paper aims to estimate the magnitude and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure and factors associated with catastrophic health expenditure for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in general and specialised cardiac hospitals in Addis Ababa. Methods and findings: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study among individuals who sought cardiovascular disease care in selected hospitals in Addis Ababa during February to March 2015 (n=589, response rate 94%)...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242751/prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-three-sites-across-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Patricia Rarau, Gwendalyn Vengiau, Hebe Gouda, Suparat Phuanukoonon, Isi H Kevau, Chris Bullen, Robert Scragg, Ian Riley, Geoffrey Marks, Masahiro Umezaki, Ayako Morita, Brian Oldenburg, Barbara McPake, Justin Pulford
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a culturally, environmentally and ethnically diverse country of 7.3 million people experiencing rapid economic development and social change. Such development is typically associated with an increase in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors. Aim: To establish the prevalence of NCD risk factors in three different regions across PNG in order to guide appropriate prevention and control measures. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with randomly selected adults (15-65 years), stratified by age and sex recruited from the general population of integrated Health and Demographic Surveillance Sites in West Hiri (periurban), Asaro (rural highland) and Karkar Island (rural island), PNG...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242513/scarf-1-promotes-adhesion-of-cd4-t-cells-to-human-hepatic-sinusoidal-endothelium-under-conditions-of-shear-stress
#19
Daniel A Patten, Sivesh K Kamarajah, Joanne M Rose, Joseph Tickle, Emma L Shepherd, David H Adams, Chris J Weston, Shishir Shetty
Liver-resident cells are constantly exposed to gut-derived antigens via portal blood and, as a consequence, they express a unique repertoire of scavenger receptors. Whilst there is increasing evidence that the gut contributes to chronic inflammatory liver disease, the role of scavenger receptors in regulating liver inflammation remains limited. Here, we describe for the first time the expression of scavenger receptor class F, member 1 (SCARF-1) on hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSEC). We report that SCARF-1 shows a highly localised expression pattern and co-localised with endothelial markers on sinusoidal endothelium...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242355/the-bioactive-protein-ligand-conformation-of-glun2c-selective-positive-allosteric-modulators-bound-to-the-nmda-receptor
#20
Thomas Maxwell Kaiser, Steven A Kell, Hirofumi Kusumoto, Gil Shaulsky, Subhrajit Bhattacharya, Matthew P Epplin, Katie L Strong, Eric J Miller, Bryan D Cox, David S Menaldino, Dennis C Liotta, Stephen F Traynelis, Pieter Buys Burger
NMDA receptors are ligand-gated, cation-selective channels that mediate a slow component of excitatory synaptic transmission. Subunit-selective positive allosteric modulators of NMDA receptor function have therapeutically-relevant effects on multiple processes in the brain. A series of pyrrolidinones, such as PYD-106, that selectively potentiate NMDA receptors that contain the GluN2C subunit have structural determinants of activity that reside between the GluN2C amino terminal domain and the GluN2C agonist binding domain, suggesting a unique site of action...
December 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
375
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"