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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551517/binding-sno2-nanoparticles-onto-carbon-nanotubes-with-assistance-of-amorphous-moo3-towards-enhanced-lithium-storage-performance
#1
Daxian Cao, Hangyu Gu, Chong Xie, Beibei Li, Hongkang Wang, Chunming Niu
We report the synthesis of a novel SnO2/MoO3/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hybrid (denote as SMC) via hydrothermally treating aqueous SnCl4-Na2MoO4-CNTs suspension. The hydrolysis of SnCl4 promotes the precipitation of Na2MoO4, resulting in the simultaneous coprecipitation of the amorphous MoO3 and SnO2 nanoparticles which attach onto the CNTs (Note that no MoOx is produced in the absence of SnCl4). When used as anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), the as-prepared SMC hybrid delivers a high reversible capacities of 1032 and 887mAh/g after 50 cycles at current densities of 200 and 500mA/g, respectively, and still retains a reversible capacity of 496mAh/g even after 200 cycles at a higher rate of 2A/g, which shows much better lithium storage performance than that of the counterpart hybrid of SnO2/CNTs (denote as SC, with only 569mAh/g after 50 cycles at 200mA/g)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551474/rgo-au-nps-n-doped-cnts-supported-on-nickel-foam-as-an-anode-for-enzymatic-biofuel-cells
#2
He Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Yujie Han, You Yu, Miao Xu, Xueping Zhang, Liang Huang, Shaojun Dong
In this study, three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide/Au NPs/nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (RGO/Au NPs/N-doped CNTs) assembly supported on nickel foam was utilized as an anode for enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs). 3D RGO/Au NPs was obtained by electrodepositing reduced graphene oxide on nickel foam (Ni foam), while Au NPs were co-deposited during the process. Afterwards, nitrogen doped CNTs (N-CNTs) were allowed to grow seamlessly on the surfaces of 3D RGO/Au NPs via a simple chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process...
May 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551117/electrochemical-determination-of-m-tuberculosis-antigen-based-on-poly-3-4-ethylenedioxythiophene-and-functionalized-carbon-nanotubes-hybrid-platform
#3
Himkusha Thakur, Navpreet Kaur, Dipti Sareen, Nirmal Prabhakar
An electrochemical DNA aptasensor for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) antigen MPT64, was developed using Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) doped with carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The biotinylated aptamer was immobilized onto streptavidin attached to -COOH functionalized CNTs via streptavidin-biotin interaction. Various characterization studies as FT-IR, FE-SEM, EIS and DPV were done to validate each fabrication step of the aptasensor. Optimization studies related to aptamer concentration and response time were performed...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551114/a-mwcnts-pt-nanohybrids-based-highly-sensitive-electrochemiluminescence-sensor-for-flavonoids-assay
#4
Hong Ke, Xin Zhang, Weiwei Guo, Amin Zhang, Zhiming Wang, Chusen Huang, Nengqin Jia
Electrochemiluminescent (ECL) assay has gradually drawn increasing interest to be considered as one of the potential strategies to be applicable in a wide range of medicine target determination. In this protocol, a facile and ultrasensitive ECL sensor platform was developed aiming at rapidly quantitative detection of polyphenolic flavonoids based on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) nanohybrids/nafion/Ru(bpy)3(2+) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in Ru(bpy)3(2+)/tri-n-propylamine (TPA) co-reaction system...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550633/the-efficiency-of-the-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-used-for-antibiotics-removal-from-wastewaters-generated-by-animal-farms
#5
Maria-Loredana Soran, Ocsana Opriş, Ildikó Lung, Irina Kacso, Alin S Porav, Manuela Stan
In the recent years, residual antibiotics are considered to be emerging environmental pollutants due to their continuous input and persistence into the aquatic ecosystem even at low concentrations. Therefore, these are necessary to develop efficient methods for the wastewater treatment. The present paper describes the efficiency of several types of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for the retention of the selected antibiotics (ampicillin, ceftazidime, cefepime, imipenem, piperacillin, tazobactam, tetracycline, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, vancomycin, gentamicin, sulfamethoxazole, and thrimetoprim) from aqueous (synthetic) solutions and wastewater samples...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550601/potential-toxicity-of-trace-elements-and-nanomaterials-to-chinese-cabbage-in-arsenic-and-lead-contaminated-soil-amended-with-biochars
#6
Yasser Mahmoud Awad, Meththika Vithanage, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Muhammad Rizwan, Jörg Rinklebe, Jae E Yang, Yong Sik Ok, Sang Soo Lee
To our knowledge, this is the first report on exploring the interactive effects of various biochars (BCs) and nanomaterials (NMs) on plant growth and bioavailability of trace elements in soil. This study evaluated the bioavailability and toxicity of arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and NMs to cabbage plants. The BCs were produced from rice husk (RB), sewage sludge, and bamboo wood (WB). The BCs at 2.5 and 5% (w w(-1)), NMs for removing As (NMs-As) and heavy metals (NMs-HM) at 3000 mg kg(-1), and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) at 1000 mg kg(-1) were applied in bioassay and incubation experiments (40 days), along with the unamended soil as the control...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550289/heat-transfer-enhancement-in-free-convection-flow-of-cnts-maxwell-nanofluids-with-four-different-types-of-molecular-liquids
#7
Sidra Aman, Ilyas Khan, Zulkhibri Ismail, Mohd Zuki Salleh, Qasem M Al-Mdallal
This article investigates heat transfer enhancement in free convection flow of Maxwell nanofluids with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) over a vertically static plate with constant wall temperature. Two kinds of CNTs i.e. single walls carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multiple walls carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are suspended in four different types of base liquids (Kerosene oil, Engine oil, water and ethylene glycol). Kerosene oil-based nanofluids are given a special consideration due to their higher thermal conductivities, unique properties and applications...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549216/agglomeration-determines-effects-of-carbonaceous-nanomaterials-on-soybean-nodulation-dinitrogen-fixation-potential-and-growth-in-soil
#8
Ying Wang, Chong Hyun Chang, Zhaoxia Ji, Dermont C Bouchard, Roger M Nisbet, Joshua P Schimel, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey, Patricia A Holden
The potential effects of carbonaceous nanomaterials (CNMs) on agricultural plants are of concern. However, little research has been performed using plants cultivated to maturity in soils contaminated with various CNMs at different concentrations. Here, we grew soybean for 39 days to seed production in soil amended with 0.1, 100, or 1000 mg kg-1 of either multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), or carbon black (CB), and studied plant growth, nodulation, and dinitrogen (N2) fixation potential...
May 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548839/structural-distortions-and-charge-density-waves-in-iodine-chains-encapsulated-inside-carbon-nanotubes
#9
Hannu-Pekka Komsa, Ryosuke Senga, Kazutomo Suenaga, Arkady V Krasheninnikov
Atomic chains are perfect systems for getting fundamental insights into the electron dynamics and coupling between the electronic and ionic degrees of freedom in one dimensional metals. Depending on the band filling, they can exhibit Peierls instabilities (or charge density waves), where equally spaced chain of atoms with partially filled band is inherently unstable, exhibiting spontaneous distortion of the lattice that further leads to metal-insulator transition in the system. Here, using high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, we directly image the atomic structures of a chain of iodine atoms confined inside carbon nanotubes...
May 26, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547818/self-expansion-construction-of-ultralight-carbon-nanotube-aerogels-with-a-3d-and-hierarchical-cellular-structure
#10
Yufeng Luo, Shu Luo, Hengcai Wu, Mengya Li, Ke Wang, Lingjia Yan, Kaili Jiang, Qunqing Li, Shoushan Fan, Jiaping Wang
A novel and simple strategy is developed to construct ultralight and 3D pure carbon nanotube (CNT) aerogels by the spontaneous expansion of superaligned CNT films soaked in a piranha (mixed H2 SO4 and H2 O2 ) solution, followed by cryodesiccation. The macroscopic CNT aerogels have an extremely low apparent density (0.12 mg cm(-3) ), ultrahigh porosity (99.95%), high specific surface area (298 m(2) g(-1) ), and a hierarchical cellular structure with giant and ultrathin CNT sheets as cell walls. The pure CNT aerogels show high adsorption abilities for various kinds of solvents, and have great potential in widespread applications such as energy storage, catalysis, and bioengineering...
May 26, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544916/electro-oxidative-determination-of-aromatic-amine-o-phenylenediamine-using-organic-inorganic-hybrid-composite
#11
Ragu Sasikumar, Palraj Ranganathan, Shen-Ming Chen, Syang-Peng Rwei, Muthukrishnan
A highly sensitive o-phenylenediamine (OPD) sensor based on a Fe3O4 doped with functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (Fe3O4@f-MWCNTs) composite fabricated glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was developed. The modified Fe3O4@f-MWCNTs/GCE showed an enhanced current (Ipa) response toward OPD relative to that of a Fe3O4/GCE, f-MWCNTs/GCE, and a bare GCE. Under optimum conditions, the Fe3O4@f-MWCNTs/GCE showed a wide linear range remove at OPD concentrations of 0.6-80µM. The limit of detection and sensitivity of the f-MWCNTs/GCE, Fe3O4/GCE sensor were found to be 50µM, and 2...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544915/pyrrole-based-poly-ionic-liquids-as-efficient-stabilizers-for-formation-of-hollow-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-particles
#12
Prithwish Chatterjee, Elizabeth M Nofen, Wenwen Xu, Conrad Hom, Hanqing Jiang, Lenore L Dai
Poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) derivatives with pyrrole intrinsically conducting polymer (ICP) backbones were synthesized and utilized as novel dispersants of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in various aqueous and non-aqueous systems, including polar and nonpolar solvents. This is due to the highly tunable nature of the PIL, in which the PILs of varying polarity with the same pyrrole-based polycation can be synthesized. The dispersions are exceedingly stable over many months, and with the addition of hexane, Pickering (solid-stabilized) emulsions with the PIL-stabilized MWCNTs at the droplet interfaces were formed...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544901/alkaline-electrochemical-advanced-oxidation-process-for-chromium-oxidation-at-graphitized-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#13
Yudong Xue, Shili Zheng, Zhi Sun, Yi Zhang, Wei Jin
Alkaline electrochemical advanced oxidation processes for chromium oxidation and Cr-contaminated waste disposal were reported in this study. The highly graphitized multi-walled carbon nanotubes g-MWCNTs modified electrode was prepared for the in-situ electrochemical generation of HO2(-). RRDE test results illustrated that g-MWCNTs exhibited much higher two-electron oxygen reduction activity than other nanocarbon materials with peak current density of 1.24 mA cm(-2), %HO2(-) of 77.0% and onset potential of -0...
May 20, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544754/heterogeneous-integration-of-carbon-nanotube-graphene-for-high-performance-flexible-and-transparent-photodetectors
#14
Soonjae Pyo, Wondo Kim, Han-Il Jung, Jungwook Choi, Jongbaeg Kim
Low-dimensional carbon materials, such as semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs), conducting graphene, and their hybrids, are of great interest as promising candidates for flexible, foldable, and transparent electronics. However, the development of highly photoresponsive, flexible, and transparent optoelectronics still remains limited due to their low absorbance and fast recombination rate of photoexcited charges, despite the considerable potential of photodetectors for future wearable and foldable devices...
May 24, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544389/bimetal-organic-framework-derivation-of-ball-cactus-like-ni-sn-p-c-cnt-as-long-cycle-anode-for-lithium-ion-battery
#15
Ruoling Dai, Weiwei Sun, Li-Ping Lv, Minghong Wu, Hao Liu, Guoxiu Wang, Yong Wang
Metal phosphides are a new class of potential high-capacity anodes for lithium ion batteries, but their short cycle life is the critical problem to hinder its practical application. A unique ball-cactus-like microsphere of carbon coated NiP2 /Ni3 Sn4 with deep-rooted carbon nanotubes (Ni-Sn-P@C-CNT) is demonstrated in this work to solve this problem. Bimetal-organic-frameworks (BMOFs, Ni-Sn-BTC, BTC refers to 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid) are formed by a two-step uniform microwave-assisted irradiation approach and used as the precursor to grow Ni-Sn@C-CNT, Ni-Sn-P@C-CNT, yolk-shell Ni-Sn@C, and Ni-Sn-P@C...
May 22, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541686/general-oriented-formation-of-carbon-nanotubes-from-metal-organic-frameworks
#16
Jiashen Meng, Chaojiang Niu, Linhan Xu, Jiantao Li, Xiong Liu, Xuanpeng Wang, Yuzhu Wu, Xiaoming Xu, Wenyi Chen, Qi Li, Zi-Zhong Zhu, Dongyuan Zhao, Liqiang Mai
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are of great interest for many potential applications because of their extraordinary electronic, mechanical and structural properties. However, issues of chaotic staking, high cost and high energy dissipation in the synthesis of CNTs remain to be resolved. Here we develop a facile, general and high-yield strategy for the oriented formation of CNTs from metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) through a low-temperature (as low as 430 °C) pyrolysis process. The selected MOF crystals act as a single precursor for both nanocatalysts and carbon sources...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541654/stable-1t-mose2-and-carbon-nanotubes-hybridized-flexible-film-binder-free-and-high-performance-li-ion-anode
#17
Ting Xiang, Shi Tao, Weiyu Xu, Qi Fang, Chuanqiang Wu, Daobin Liu, Yu Zhou, Adnan Khalil, Zahir Muhammad, Wangsheng Chu, Zhonghui Wang, Hongfa Xiang, Qin Liu, Li Song
Two-dimensional stable metallic 1T-MoSe2 with expanded interlayer spacing of 10.0 Å in-situ grown on SWCNTs film is fabricated via a one-step solvothermal method. Combined with X-ray absorption near-edge structures, our characterizations reveals that such 1T-MoSe2 and single-walled carbon nanotubes (abbreviated as 1T-MoSe2/SWCNTs) hybridized structure can provide strong electrical and chemical coupling between 1T-MoSe2 nanosheets and SWCNTs film in a form of C-O-Mo bonding, which is significantly benefiting a high-efficiency electron/ion transport pathway and structural stability, thus directly enabling high performance lithium-storage properties...
May 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540957/a-skin-integrated-transparent-and-stretchable-strain-sensor-with-interactive-color-changing-electrochromic-displays
#18
Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540944/an-ultrasensitive-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-platinum-luminol-nanocomposite-based-electrochemiluminescence-immunosensor
#19
Xin Zhang, Hong Ke, Zhiming Wang, Weiwei Guo, Amin Zhang, Chusen Huang, Nengqin Jia
An ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) detection using multi-walled carbon nanotube-platinum-luminol nanocomposites (MWCNT-Pt-luminol) as nanointerface and signal tags was designed. First, the MWCNT-Pt-luminol nanocomposite was decorated on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) through the film-forming properties of chitosan (Chi). Then, the CA19-9 antibody (anti-CA19-9) was attached to the modified electrode surface via crosslinking with glutaraldehyde (GA)...
May 25, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540379/fundamental-aspects-of-electrochemically-controlled-wetting-of-nanoscale-composite-materials
#20
A Robert Hillman, Karl S Ryder, Hani K Ismail, Asuman Unal, Annelies Voorhaar
Electroactive films based on conducting polymers have numerous potential applications, but practical devices frequently require a combination of properties not met by a single component. This has prompted an extension to composite materials, notably those in which particulates are immobilised within a polymer film. Irrespective of the polymer and the intended application, film wetting is important: by various means, it facilitates transport processes - of electronic charge, charge-balancing counter ions ("dopant") and analyte/reactant molecules - and motion of polymer segments...
May 25, 2017: Faraday Discussions
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