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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213029/antifungal-effect-of-volatile-organic-compounds-produced-by-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-cpa-8-against-fruit-pathogen-decays-of-cherry
#1
A Gotor-Vila, N Teixidó, A Di Francesco, J Usall, L Ugolini, R Torres, M Mari
The present work focuses on the antifungal effect of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 against Monilinia laxa, M. fructicola and Botrytis cinera, three postharvest fruit pathogens of sweet cherry fruit. VOCs were evaluated with a double petri dish assay against mycelial and colony growth of target pathogens. For this purpose, CPA-8 was grown on different media and cultured for 24 and 48 h at 30 °C before assays. Data showed that mycelial growth inhibition was higher when CPA-8 was grown on Tryptone Soya Agar (TSA) while no differences were generally observed when CPA-8 was cultured for either, 24 and 48 h...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212394/de-novo-transcriptome-analysis-and-microsatellite-marker-development-for-population-genetic-study-of-a-serious-insect-pest-rhopalosiphum-padi-l-hemiptera-aphididae
#2
Xinle Duan, Kang Wang, Sha Su, Ruizheng Tian, Yuting Li, Maohua Chen
The bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), is one of the most abundant aphid pests of cereals and has a global distribution. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a rapid and efficient method for developing molecular markers. However, transcriptomic and genomic resources of R. padi have not been investigated. In this study, we used transcriptome information obtained by RNA-Seq to develop polymorphic microsatellites for investigating population genetics in this species. The transcriptome of R. padi was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208692/economic-impact-of-the-introduction-and-establishment-of-drosophila-suzukii-on-sweet-cherry-production-in-switzerland
#3
REVIEW
Dominique Mazzi, Esther Bravin, Manuela Meraner, Robert Finger, Stefan Kuske
First detected in Switzerland in 2011, the invasive Drosophila suzukii, spotted wing drosophila, has caused recurring costs for growers of berries and fruit. Recommended management approaches rely on a set of methods, tailored to suit crop requirements under the prevailing local conditions. Control of D. suzukii represents a substantial economic burden for growers, in terms of material, equipment, new infrastructure and extra labour. However, those growers who invest wisely to deliver unblemished produce are rewarded with high payoffs...
February 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199403/comparison-of-microbiological-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-by-routine-health-service-laboratories-and-a-research-laboratory-diagnostic-cohort-study
#4
Kate Birnie, Alastair D Hay, Mandy Wootton, Robin Howe, Alasdair MacGowan, Penny Whiting, Michael Lawton, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, William Hollingworth, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith Van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Kim Harman, Kerenza Hood, Christopher C Butler, Jonathan A C Sterne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the validity of diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) through urine culture between samples processed in routine health service laboratories and those processed in a research laboratory. POPULATION AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective diagnostic cohort study in 4808 acutely ill children aged <5 years attending UK primary health care. UTI, defined as pure/predominant growth ≥105 CFU/mL of a uropathogen (the reference standard), was diagnosed at routine health service laboratories and a central research laboratory by culture of urine samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198760/leading-in-the-healthcare-vortex
#5
Nora Warshawsky, Diane Andrews, Cynthia Thornton Bacon, Barbara Cherry, Karren Kowalski, Heather Nelson-Brantley, Rose O Sherman
The 2016 International Nursing Administration Research Conference, Leading in a Healthcare Vortex, was held in Orlando, Florida. The program drew 116 attendees with representation from Canada and Brazil. Participants from practice, education, and research discussed leadership in our turbulent healthcare climate, which are highlighted in this column. The conference was dedicated to the memory of Dr Heather S. Laschinger in recognition of her distinguished research legacy of empowering nursing work environments and mentorship of prominent nursing administration researchers...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198082/pck1-expression-is-correlated-with-the-plasma-glucose-level-in-the-duck
#6
L Chen, T Zeng, G Q Li, R Liu, Y Tian, Q H Li, L Z Lu
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 1 (soluble) (PCK1) is a key gene in gluconeogenesis and glyceroneogenesis. Although its functions have been extensively studied in mice, bats and humans, little is known in ducks. Here, PCK1 functions were studied using a duck domestication model and a 48-h fasting experiment. We found PCK1 expression significantly decreased in two breeds of domestic ducks (Jinyun Pockmark ducks and Cherry Valley ducks) as compared with wild ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). Simultaneously, plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides and free fatty acid in domestic ducks were lower than in wild ducks...
February 15, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192083/anatomical-and-spiral-wave-reentry-in-a-simplified-model-for-atrial-electrophysiology
#7
Yvonne Richter, Pedro G Lind, Gunnar Seemann, Philipp Maass
For modeling the propagation of action potentials in the human atria, various models have been developed in the past, which take into account in detail the influence of the numerous ionic currents flowing through the cell membrane. Aiming at a simplified description, the Bueno-Orovio-Cherry-Fenton (BOCF) model for electric wave propagation in the ventricle has been adapted recently to atrial physiology. Here, we study this adapted BOCF (aBOCF) model with respect to its capability to accurately generate spatio-temporal excitation patterns found in anatomical and spiral wave reentry...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182951/microbial-respiration-and-formate-oxidation-as-metabolic-signatures-of-inflammation-associated-dysbiosis
#8
Elizabeth R Hughes, Maria G Winter, Breck A Duerkop, Luisella Spiga, Tatiane Furtado de Carvalho, Wenhan Zhu, Caroline C Gillis, Lisa Büttner, Madeline P Smoot, Cassie L Behrendt, Sara Cherry, Renato L Santos, Lora V Hooper, Sebastian E Winter
Intestinal inflammation is frequently associated with an alteration of the gut microbiota, termed dysbiosis, which is characterized by a reduced abundance of obligate anaerobic bacteria and an expansion of facultative Proteobacteria such as commensal E. coli. The mechanisms enabling the outgrowth of Proteobacteria during inflammation are incompletely understood. Metagenomic sequencing revealed bacterial formate oxidation and aerobic respiration to be overrepresented metabolic pathways in a chemically induced murine model of colitis...
February 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178616/hypoglycemic-effects-of-prunus-cerasus-l-pulp-and-seed-extracts-on-alloxan-induced-diabetic-mice-with-histopathological-evaluation
#9
Fatima A Saleh, Nada El-Darra, Karim Raafat
AIM OF THE STUDY: The study was undertaken to investigate the acute and subchronic hypoglycemic effects of an ethyl acetate (EtAc) extract of red sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) pulps and seeds in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Prunus cerasus pulp (PPc) and seed (SPc) EtAc extract s were IP-administered to the mice in doses of 100, 150 and 200mg/kgbody weight (b.w.) for acute study (6h) and subchronic study (8days). The in vivo effects of (PPc) and (SPc) EtAc extracts were assessed through blood glucose levels (BGL), changes in body weight as well as antioxidant enzyme activity...
February 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177805/effects-and-possible-mechanism-of-tea-tree-oil-against-botrytis-cinerea-and-penicillium-expansum-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-test
#10
Yonghua Li, Xingfeng Shao, Jiayu Xu, Yingying Wei, Feng Xu, Hongfei Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antifungal activities and possible mechanisms of tea tree oil (TTO) against Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium expansum in vitro and in vivo. The results show that TTO exhibits dose-dependent antifungal activity against both pathogens, but P. expansum is less sensitive than B. cinerea to TTO not only in the in vitro test but also in artificially inoculated cherry fruits. TTO vapor treatment reduced the decay caused by these pathogens in inoculated cherry fruits, but the effect on P...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162459/-225-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-trier-social-stress-test-in-individuals-with-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-study
#11
J Kircher, A Pucelli, R Diab, C Ramirez, B Cherry, J Piazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149215/assessment-of-wrist-function-after-simulated-total-wrist-arthrodesis-a-comparison-of-6-wrist-positions
#12
Richard M Hinds, Eitan Melamed, April O'Connell, Francoise Cherry, Monica Seu, John T Capo
Background: There is poor consensus in the literature regarding associated functional limitation and the preferred wrist position for total wrist arthrodesis. The purpose of the current investigation was twofold: (1) to assess the functional limitations of wrist arthrodesis and (2) to determine the optimal position for wrist arthrodesis using a simulated wrist fusion model. Methods: Twenty healthy volunteers underwent simulated wrist arthrodesis in 6 different positions using custom-molded wrist splints: 15° extension with 0° radio-ulnar deviation, 15° extension with 10° ulnar deviation, 15° extension with 10° radial deviation, 0° extension with 0° radio-ulnar deviation, 0° extension with 10° ulnar deviation, and 0° extension with 10° radial deviation...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146364/antimutagenic-antirecombinogenic-and-antitumor-effect-of-amygdalin-in-a-yeast-cell-based-test-and-mammalian-cell-lines
#13
Atanaska Todorova, Margarita Pesheva, Ivan Iliev, Krum Bardarov, Teodora Todorova
Amygdalin is a major component of the seeds of Rosaceae family of plants such as apricots, peaches, cherry, nectarines, apples, plums, and so on, as well as almonds. It is used in alternative medicine for cancer prevention, alleviation of fever, cough suppression, and quenching thirst. The aim of the present study is to determine the mutagenic and recombinogenic effects of amygdalin in a test system Saccharomyces cerevisiae and to evaluate its potential antitumor effect in a yeast cell-based test and colon cancer cell lines...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146344/phylogenetic-composition-of-host-plant-communities-drives-plant-herbivore-food-web-structure
#14
M Volf, P Pyszko, T Abe, M Libra, N Kotásková, M Šigut, R Kumar, O Kaman, P T Butterill, J Šipoš, H Abe, H Fukushima, P Drozd, N Kamata, M Murakami, V Novotny
1.Insects tend to feed on related hosts. The phylogenetic composition of host plant communities thus plays a prominent role in determining insect specialization, food web structure, and diversity. Previous studies showed a high preference of insect herbivores for congeneric and confamilial hosts suggesting that some levels of host plant relationships may play more prominent role that others. 2.We aim to quantify the effects of host phylogeny on the structure of quantitative plant-herbivore food webs. Further, we identify specific patterns in three insect guilds with different life histories and discuss the role of host plant phylogeny in maintaining their diversity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146114/non-destructive-sensor-based-prediction-of-maturity-and-optimum-harvest-date-of-sweet-cherry-fruit
#15
Verena Overbeck, Michaela Schmitz, Michael Blanke
(1) Background: The aim of the study was to use innovative sensor technology for non-destructive determination and prediction of optimum harvest date (OHD), using sweet cherry as a model fruit, based on different ripening parameters. (2) Methods: Two cherry varieties in two growing systems viz. field and polytunnel in two years were employed. The fruit quality parameters such as fruit weight and size proved unsuitable to detect OHD alone due to their dependence on crop load, climatic conditions, cultural practices, and season...
January 31, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145138/lithium-augmentation-as-an-alternative-to-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-recurrent-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#16
Daniel Wysoczanski, Scott Cherry, Valeria Spivak, David Lie, Dan Siskind Brisbane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138907/sialidosis-type-1-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-neuraminidase-1-neu1-gene
#17
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Varun M Srinivasan, Naveen Benakappa, Asha Benakappa
A patient with Sialidosis type 1 with a novel variation in neuraminidase-1 (NEU1) is described. The patient developed ataxia and myoclonus at 9 y of age. He was born to a second degree consanguineous marriage couple. On examination child had cerebellar signs and bilateral macular cherry-red spots. MRI of the brain and electroencephalogram were normal. The enzyme analysis revealed deficiency of neuraminidase. Genetic analysis identified novel homozygous missense mutation c.742G > T (p.G248C) in exon 4 of NEU1 gene...
January 31, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137607/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-capuli-cherry-against-lps-induced-cytotoxic-damage-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#18
José M Alvarez-Suarez, Estefanía Carrillo-Perdomo, Angel Aller, Francesca Giampieri, Massimiliano Gasparrini, Lien González-Pérez, Pablo Beltrán-Ayala, Maurizio Battino
Capuli cherry (Prunus serotina Ehr. subsp. capuli (Cav.) McVaugh) fruits from the inter-Andean region of Ecuador were analysed to determine their bioactive compounds content, total antioxidant capacity, radical scavenging activity and their anti-inflammatory and protective effects against the cytotoxic damage mediated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Capuli fruits proved to be a natural source of bioactive compounds such as anthocyanins, vitamin C and β-carotene as well as to present an important total antioxidant capacity and radical scavenging activities...
January 28, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134352/litchi-seed-extracts-diminish-prostate-cancer-progression-via-induction-of-apoptosis-and-attenuation-of-emt-through-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-signaling
#19
Hongwei Guo, Hua Luo, Hebao Yuan, Yudui Xia, Pan Shu, Xin Huang, Yi Lu, Xia Liu, Evan T Keller, Duxin Sun, Jiagang Deng, Jian Zhang
Litchi (Litchi chinensisSonnnerat, Sapindaceae), known as Chinese Cherry, is a subtropical fruit tree originating from southern China. Litchi seed extracts have diverse pharmacological effects, including anticancer. However, its anticancer effects and mechanisms on prostate cancer have not been determined. In this study, we used n-butyl alcohol extract of Litchi seed (NLS) to treat prostate cancer PC3, DU145, RM1 and C4-2B cells. NLS induced a significant decrease in cell viability and clonogenic growth in a dose-dependent manner...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132914/acquisition-and-expression-of-fat-conditioned-flavor-preferences-are-differentially-affected-by-nmda-receptor-antagonism-in-balb-c-and-swr-mice
#20
Tamar T Kraft, Donald Huang, Sam LaMagna, Deena Warshaw, Elona Natanova, Anthony Sclafani, Richard J Bodnar
Conditioned flavor preferences are elicited by fat (Intralipid) in inbred mouse strains with BALB/c and SWR mice displaying among the most robust preferences. Dopamine D1 and opioid receptor antagonism differentially reduces the acquisition (learning) and expression (maintenance) of fat-conditioned flavor preferences in these two strains. Because noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonism with MK-801 differentially altered sugar-conditioned flavor preferences in these strains, and because NMDA receptors are involved in fat intake, the present study examined whether MK-801 differentially altered expression and acquisition of fat (Intralipid)-conditioned flavor preferences in BALB/c and SWR mice...
January 26, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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