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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324736/sensory-evolution-trouble-in-the-cherry-orchard
#1
Florian Maderspacher, Marcus C Stensmyr
Understanding how and why some species become pests, while their relatives remain harmless, might help us control them. A new study looks at how sensory mechanisms evolved in an emerging pest fly species.
March 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323421/assessment-of-the-secondary-copper-reserves-of-nations
#2
Kyaw Nyunt Maung, Seiji Hashimoto, Mizuki Mizukami, Masataka Morozumi, Cherry Myo Lwin
The sustainable use of metals demands consideration not only of primary metals in the natural environment but also of secondary metals in society as alternative resources. This study applied our proposed classification framework of secondary resources to copper (1) to investigate the applicability of the framework and (2) to assess the secondary copper reserves and resources of selected countries. To estimate secondary copper reserves, we introduced the variable "secondary reserve ratio": the fraction of in-use copper stocks that is technically and economically recoverable...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320623/kinetics-and-evolved-gas-analysis-for-pyrolysis-of-food-processing-wastes-using-tga-ms-ft-ir
#3
Gamzenur Özsin, Ayşe Eren Pütün
The objective of this study was to identify the pyrolysis of different bio-waste produced by food processing industry in a comprehensible manner. For this purpose, pyrolysis behaviors of chestnut shells (CNS), cherry stones (CS) and grape seeds (GS) were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) combined with a Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer and a mass spectrometer (MS). In order to make available theoretical groundwork for biomass pyrolysis, activation energies were calculated with the help of four different model-free kinetic methods...
March 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319631/verrucous-carcinoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-with-extension-to-the-cheek
#4
Savita Chaudhary, Cherry Bansal, Upasana Ranga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319522/a-numerical-simulation-comparing-a-cavopulmonary-assist-device-and-va-ecmo-for-failing-fontan-support
#5
Po-Lin Hsu, Dongfang Wang, Cherry Ballard-Croft, Dawei Xiao, Joseph B Zwischenberger
A cavopulmonary assist device (CPAD) has been developed for failing Fontan support. This CPAD pumps blood from superior/inferior vena cavae to pulmonary artery. In this study, we compared failing Fontan support with CPAD versus VA ECMO in silico. A numerical lumped-parameter circulatory system model was used to simulate Fontan circulation. Failing Fontan was simulated by increased pulmonary resistance. Central venous pressure (CVP), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), left atrial pressure (LAP), and univentricular outflow (CO) were simulated and compared to published clinical data...
March 17, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318554/decubitus-ulcers-in-patients-undergoing-vascular-operations-do-not-influence-mortality-but-affect-resource-utilization
#6
J Hunter Mehaffey, Amani D Politano, Castigliano M Bhamidipati, Margaret C Tracci, Kenneth J Cherry, John A Kern, Irving L Kron, Gilbert R Upchurch
BACKGROUND: While it is anticipated that decubitus ulcers are detrimental to outcomes after vascular operations, the contemporary influence of perioperative decubitus ulcers in vascular surgery remains unknown. METHODS: Using the National Impatient Survey, all adult patients who underwent vascular operation were selected. Patients were stratified by the presence or absence (non-decubitus ulcers) of decubitus ulcer. Case-mix adjusted hierarchical mixed-models examined in-hospital mortality, the occurrence of any complication, and discharge disposition...
March 17, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317705/comparison-of-old-cherry-cultivars-grown-in-czech-republic-by-chemical-composition-and-bioactive-compounds
#7
Agnieszka Nawirska-Olszańska, Joanna Kolniak-Ostek, Maciej Oziembłowski, Alena Ticha, Radomir Hyšpler, Zdenek Zadak, Pavla Židová, Frantisek Paprstein
Sweet cherry fruits are readily consumed by humans, and they contain significant quantities of bioactive compounds. Fifteen sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) old cultivars grown in the Czech Republic were examined. In fresh fruits the contents of sugars, organic acids, and phenolic compounds, and antioxidant capacity were determined. The analyses showed that the fruits of sweet cherry are characterized by high contents of bioactive compounds. Four organic acids - malic, quinic, shikimic, and fumaric acid - were determined in examined fruits...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316941/acute-kidney-injury-following-spinal-instrumentation-surgery-in-children
#8
Jasper J Jöbsis, Abdullah Alabbas, Ruth Milner, Christopher Reilly, Kishore Mulpuri, Cherry Mammen
AIM: To determine acute kidney in jury (AKI) incidence and potential risk factors of AKI in children undergoing spinal instrumentation surgery. METHODS: AKI incidence in children undergoing spinal instrumentation surgery at British Columbia Children's Hospital between January 2006 and December 2008 was determined by the Acute Kidney Injury Networ classification using serum creatinine and urine output criteria. During this specific time period, all patients following spinal surgery were monitored in the pediatric intensive care unit and had an indwelling Foley catheter permitting hourly urine output recording...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303175/responses-of-holocyclic-and-anholocyclic-rhopalosiphum-padi-populations-to-low-temperature-and-short-photoperiod-induction
#9
Xiong Peng, Xianfeng Qiao, Maohua Chen
The different life cycles of aphid species make these organisms good models for studying the short-term consequences of sex. The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi has a wide geographic distribution and correspondingly different life cycles. In this study, the life cycles of R. padi collected from six different regions in China were characterized experimentally by comparing the responses of holocyclic and anholocyclic populations to low-temperature and short-photoperiod induction. Clones collected from Chuzhou, Taian, and Taigu consistently reproduced via obligate parthenogenesis, whereas clones from Hami and Baicheng were holocyclic in their response, and those from Lanzhou were both holocyclic and anholocyclic...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303034/searching-for-wheat-resistance-to-aphids-and-wheat-bulb-fly-in-the-historical-watkins-and-gediflux-wheat-collections
#10
G I Aradottir, J L Martin, S J Clark, J A Pickett, L E Smart
Insect pests can reduce wheat yield by direct feeding and transmission of plant viruses. Here we report results from laboratory and field phenotyping studies on a wide range of wheat, including landraces from the Watkins collection deriving from before the green revolution, more modern cultivars from the Gediflux collection (north-western Europe) and modern UK Elite varieties, for resistance to the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) and the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (Homoptera: Aphididae)...
March 2017: Annals of Applied Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302140/nighttime-eating-and-breast-cancer-among-chinese-women-in-hong-kong
#11
Mengjie Li, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-Cheong Chan, Chi-Hei Kwok, Siu-Lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Wai-Cho Yu, Priscilla Ming-Yi Lee, Koon-Ho Tsang, Sze-Hong Law, Roel Vermeulen, Fangyi Gu, Neil E Caporaso, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu, Feng Wang, Xiaohong Rose Yang
BACKGROUND: A novel line of research suggests that eating at nighttime may have several metabolic consequences that are highly relevant to breast cancer. We investigated the association between nighttime eating habits after 10 p.m. and breast cancer in Hong Kong women. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2012-2015. A total of 922 patients with incident breast cancer (cases) and 913 hospital controls were recruited and interviewed using a standard questionnaire including information on eating behavior during both daytime and nighttime...
March 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301393/potential-contribution-of-mitochondrial-mt-dna-damage-associated-molecular-patterns-damps-in-transfusion-products-to-the-development-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-after-multiple-transfusions
#12
Jon D Simmons, Yann-Leei L Lee, Viktor M Pastukh, Gina Capley, Cherry A Muscat, David C Muscat, Michael L Marshall, Sidney B Brevard, Mark N Gillespie
INTRODUCTION: Massive transfusions are accompanied by an increased incidence of a particularly aggressive and lethal form of acute lung injury (delayed TRALI) which occurs >24 hours after transfusions. In light of recent reports showing that mtDNA DAMPs are potent pro-inflammatory mediators, and that their abundance in the sera of severely injured or septic patients is predictive of clinical outcomes, we explored the idea that mtDNA DAMPs are present in transfusion products and are associated with the occurrence of delayed TRALI...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301247/different-duck-species-infected-intramuscularly-with-duck-origin-genotype-ix-apmv-1-show-discrepant-mortality-and-indicate-another-fatal-genotype-apmv-1-to-ducks
#13
Guanghua Fu, Longfei Cheng, Qiuling Fu, Baomin Qi, Cuiteng Chen, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Chunhe Wan, Rongchang Liu, Yu Huang
Isolations of genotype IX (gIX) avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) from various bird species have been more common recently, with isolates showing variable pathogenicity in different species of poultry. Here we sequenced the genome of a Muscovy duck origin gIX virus strain XBT14 and characterized the virulence and pathogenicity of this isolate in chickens and ducks. The genome sequence of strain XBT14 is 15,192 nt in length, containing multiple basic amino acids at the fusion protein cleavage site. The XBT14 strain shared 91...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299637/the-frailty-index-outperforms-dna-methylation-age-and-its-derivatives-as-an-indicator-of-biological-age
#14
Sangkyu Kim, Leann Myers, Jennifer Wyckoff, Katie E Cherry, S Michal Jazwinski
The measurement of biological age as opposed to chronological age is important to allow the study of factors that are responsible for the heterogeneity in the decline in health and function ability among individuals during aging. Various measures of biological aging have been proposed. Frailty indices based on health deficits in diverse body systems have been well studied, and we have documented the use of a frailty index (FI34) composed of 34 health items, for measuring biological age. A different approach is based on leukocyte DNA methylation...
February 2017: Geroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298862/polycythemia-causing-posterior-segment-vascular-occlusions
#15
Suganeswari Ganesan, Rajiv Raman, Tarun Sharma
A 44-year-old male patient presented with features suggestive of transient central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) followed by permanent CRAO and lateral posterior ciliary artery occlusion. He had diagnostic features of polycythemia vera (PV). When presented for the first time, the patient had features of ocular ischemia such as ocular pain, conjunctival congestion, and retinal opacification but with normal arm-to-retina time and normal arteriovenous transit time. During the second presentation, he had ocular pain, congested conjunctiva, retinal opacification, cherry red spot with box-carrying of retinal vessels, and choroidal infarct (Amalric's sign)...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298687/composition-of-volatile-aromatic-compounds-and-minerals-of-tarhana-enriched-with-cherry-laurel-laurocerasus-officinalis
#16
Hasan Temiz, Zekai Tarakçı
Different concentrations of cherry laurel pulp (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%) were used to produce tarhana samples. Volatile aromatic compounds and minor mineral content were investigated. Volatile aromatic compounds were analyzed by using GC-MS with SPME fiber and minor mineral values were evaluated with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. The statistical analysis showed that addition of pulp affected volatile aromatic compounds and minor mineral content significantly. Thirty five volatile aromatic compounds were found in tarhana samples...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298576/radiography-faculty-engaged-in-online-education-perceptions-of-effectiveness-satisfaction-and-technological-self-efficacy
#17
Shirley J Cherry, Bethany H Flora
PURPOSE: To assess radiography faculty perceptions of the effectiveness of online courses. METHODS: An original survey instrument was created by selecting items from 3 instruments used in prior research and adding unique questions designed to elicit demographic data from faculty. The sample included a national dataset of radiography faculty members employed in Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology-accredited programs in the United States. RESULTS: Findings showed that faculty perceptions of online course effectiveness are not affected significantly by faculty position, type of institution, faculty age, or years of teaching experience...
January 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298419/total-body-imaging-transforming-the-role-of-positron-emission-tomography
#18
REVIEW
Simon R Cherry, Ramsey D Badawi, Joel S Karp, William W Moses, Pat Price, Terry Jones
The first total-body positron emission tomography (TB-PET) scanner represents a radical change for experimental medicine and diagnostic health care.
March 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295944/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-as-a-finding-in-patients-with-severe-vision-loss-following-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#19
Katarina Creese, Daini Ong, Sukhpal S Sandhu, David Ware, C Alex Harper, Salmaan H Al-Qureshi, Sanjeewa S Wickremasinghe
IMPORTANCE: Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) as diagnosed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) may be associated with "patch off" visual loss post cataract surgery. BACKGROUND: To report a case series of severe vision loss due to PAMM after cataract surgery DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Cases from five surgical centres (public and private) in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cases with unexplained "patch-off" vision loss post cataract surgery...
March 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289499/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-with-unusual-extensive-scarring-pattern-danon-disease
#20
Dan D Le, Paulino Alvarez, Roberto Barrios, Michael Arriaga, Mariyam Cherry, Dipan Shah, C Huie Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
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