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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032464/nutritional-composition-of-honey-bee-food-stores-vary-with-floral-composition
#1
Philip Donkersley, Glenn Rhodes, Roger W Pickup, Kevin C Jones, Eileen F Power, Geraldine A Wright, Kenneth Wilson
Sufficiently diverse and abundant resources are essential for generalist consumers, and form an important part of a suite of conservation strategies for pollinators. Honey bees are generalist foragers and are dependent on diverse forage to adequately meet their nutritional needs. Through analysis of stored pollen (bee bread) samples obtained from 26 honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) hives across NW-England, we quantified bee bread nutritional content and the plant species that produced these stores from pollen...
October 14, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031695/-hesitant-compliers-qualitative-analysis-of-concerned-fully-vaccinating-parents
#2
Stephanie L Enkel, Katie Attwell, Thomas L Snelling, Hayley E Christian
OBJECTIVE: Some parents are hesitant about vaccines and yet still vaccinate their children. Vaccine behaviours are not fixed and parents who are concerned but nonetheless adherent to standard schedules could switch to an unconventional schedule, delaying or cherry-picking vaccines. There is a need to better understand vaccine hesitancy in specific contexts, acknowledging cultural and geographical variation, to ensure interventions targeting hesitancy are well directed and received. METHODS: To identify the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of 'hesitant compliers' in Perth, Western Australia, nine one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with vaccinating parents of children (<5 years) who were identified as being hesitant...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030093/estimating-past-inhalation-exposure-to-asbestos-a-tool-for-risk-attribution-and-disease-screening
#3
John W Cherrie, Damien McElvenny, Kevin G Blyth
INTRODUCTION: Late presentation is common in mesothelioma. Reliable assessment of past exposure to asbestos is a necessary first step for risk attribution and for the development of a future screening programme. Such a programme could maximise access to trials of novel therapies and would pave the way for development of novel chemoprophylaxis strategies. This paper describes a method for individual exposure reconstruction along with data from a validation study. METHODS: The exposure assessment method uses only descriptive information about the circumstances of the work that could be obtained from questioning the worker...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029825/-cherry-red-spot-macula-in-the-context-of-tay-sachs-disease
#4
M Zarrouki, M El Yadari, S Azennoud, S Harchali, S El Merrouni, W Bengarai, W Belaydi, Z Hajji, A Boulanouar, A Berraho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029209/genetic-evidence-for-the-introduction-of-rhagoletis-pomonella-diptera-tephritidae-into-the-northwestern-united-states
#5
Sheina B Sim, Meredith M Doellman, Glen R Hood, Wee L Yee, Thomas H Q Powell, Dietmar Schwarz, Robert B Goughnour, Scott P Egan, Gilbert St Jean, James J Smith, Tracy E Arcella, Jason D K Dzurisin, Jeffrey L Feder
The apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a serious quarantine pest in the apple-growing regions of central Washington and Oregon. The fly is believed to have been introduced into the Pacific Northwest via the transport of larval-infested apples near Portland, Oregon, within the last 40 yr. However, R. pomonella also attacks native black hawthorn, Crataegus douglasii Lindley (Rosales: Rosaceae), and introduced ornamental hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna Jacquin, in the region. It is, therefore, possible that R...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028333/profiling-and-quantification-of-regioisomeric-caffeoyl-glucoses-in-berry-fruits
#6
Maria Alexandra Patras, Nikolai Kuhnert, Rakesh Jaiswal, Gordon J McDougall
Based on a recently developed tandem MS based hierarchical scheme for the identification of regioisomeric caffeoyl glucoses, selected berry fruits were profiled for their caffeoyl glucose ester content. Fresh edible berries profiled included strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, red and black currants, lingonberries, gooseberries, cranberries, juice of elderberries, goji berries, chokeberries, cranberries, açai berries, sea buckthorn berries, Montmorency sour cherries, and pomegranate were investigated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028246/validation-of-lower-tier-exposure-tools-used-for-reach-comparison-of-tools-estimates-with-available-exposure-measurements
#7
Martie van Tongeren, Judith Lamb, John W Cherrie, Laura MacCalman, Ioannis Basinas, Susanne Hesse
Background: Tier 1 exposure tools recommended for use under REACH are designed to easily identify situations that may pose a risk to health through conservative exposure predictions. However, no comprehensive evaluation of the performance of the lower tier tools has previously been carried out. The ETEAM project aimed to evaluate several lower tier exposure tools (ECETOC TRA, MEASE, and EMKG-EXPO-TOOL) as well as one higher tier tool (STOFFENMANAGER®). This paper describes the results of the external validation of tool estimates using measurement data...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025582/a-novel-trip11-flt3-fusion-in-a-patient-with-a-myeloid-lymphoid-neoplasm-with-eosinophilia
#8
Alfred Chung, Yanli Hou, Robert S Ohgami, Ann Von Gehr, Dianna G Fisk, Krishna M Roskin, Xu Li, Linda Gojenola, Charles D Bangs, Daniel A Arber, Andrew Z Fire, Athena M Cherry, James L Zehnder, Jason Gotlib, Jason D Merker
FLT3 fusions are associated with myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia. We describe a patient presenting with clinicopathologic features of both chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise specified (CEL, NOS) and systemic mastocytosis (SM). The bone marrow demonstrated a myeloproliferative neoplasm with eosinophilia and aggregates of atypical mast cells. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a t(13;14)(q12;q32), which was subsequently molecularly characterized as a novel TRIP11-FLT3 rearrangement. A KIT D816V mutation was also identified...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020233/effectiveness-of-intramuscular-immunoglobulin-in-unvaccinated-family-members-after-household-measles-exposure
#9
Mark B Salzman, James D Cherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020049/further-insight-into-genetic-variation-and-haplotype-diversity-of-cherry-virus-a-from-china
#10
Rui Gao, Yunxiao Xu, Thierry Candresse, Zhen He, Shifang Li, Yuxin Ma, Meiguang Lu
Cherry virus A (CVA) infection appears to be prevalent in cherry plantations worldwide. In this study, the diversity of CVA isolates from 31 cherry samples collected from different orchards around Bohai Bay in northeastern China was analyzed. The complete genome of one of these isolates, ChYT52, was found to be 7,434 nt in length excluding the poly (A) tail. It shares between 79.9-98.7% identity with CVA genome sequences in GenBank, while its RdRp core is more divergent (79.1-90.7% nt identity), likely as a consequence of a recombination event...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018767/optical-coherence-tomography-features-in-a-case-of-type-i-sialidosis
#11
I-Hua Wang, Ting-Yu Lin, Shu-Ting Kao
A 15-year-old boy presented with progressive myoclonic epilepsy and unbalance gaits for 4 years. Slit lamp examination showed a punctate cataract and funduscopic examination revealed bilateral macular cherry-red spots. Macular scan of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed hyperreflectivity of the inner retinal layer and apparent hyperreflectivity of the photoreceptor layers in the foveal region. The clinical presentations were consistent with a Type I sialidosis which led to genetic analysis and revealed NEU1 mutation in this patient...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016464/perceptions-of-diabetes-self-care-management-among-older-singaporeans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#12
Cherry Chay Lee Tan, Karis Kin Fong Cheng, Chee Fang Sum, Jasmine Sew Hong Shew, Eleanor Holydard, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Given the global shift in aging populations and the associated increasing prevalence of diabetes, it is critical to explore new approaches in diabetic self-care management. In Singapore, what has been overlooked to date is an in-depth, contextually based examination of the needs, expectations, and barriers faced in self-care management by older adults with Type 2 diabetes. PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the experiences of older Singaporeans with Type 2 diabetes in diabetes self-care management to understand their perceived needs, expectations, and barriers associated with their diabetes self-care management...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990821/enrichment-broth-for-the-detection-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-in-fresh-produce-and-poultry
#13
Youmi Jo, Hye-Min Oh, Yohan Yoon, Sun-Young Lee, Ji-Hyoung Ha, Won-Il Kim, Hwang-Yong Kim, Sanghyun Han, Se-Ri Kim
Although campylobacteriosis caused by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli has been increasingly reported worldwide owing to the consumption of contaminated poultry and fresh produce, the current detection protocols are not selective enough to inhibit unspecific microbes other than these pathogens. Five antibiotics were separately added to Bolton broth, and the survival rates of 18 Campylobacter spp. and 79 non-Campylobacter spp. were evaluated. The survival rate of the non-Campylobacter spp. was the lowest in Bolton broth with rifampin (6...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987497/optimization-of-a-new-method-for-extraction-of-cyanidin-chloride-and-pelargonidin-chloride-anthocyanins-with-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-and-determination-in-fruit-samples-by-hplc-with-central-composite-design
#14
Abdollah Yari, Saba Rashnoo
Here, we are reporting a sensitive, simple and rapid method for the analysis of cyanidin chloride and pelargonidin chloride anthocyanins in cherry, sour cherry, pomegranate and barberry produced in Iran. The analytes were extracted with acetonitrile-hydrochloric acid (1% v/v) mixture under optimized pretreatment conditions. Clean-up of the extract from fruits was conducted by magnetic solid phase extraction using salicylic acid functionalized silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles (SCMNPs) as the adsorbent. The optimized conditions searched with central composite design...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985142/sour-cherries-but-not-apples-added-to-the-regular-diet-decrease-resting-and-fmlp-stimulated-chemiluminescence-of-fasting-whole-blood-in-healthy-subjects
#15
Piotr Bialasiewicz, Anna Prymont-Przyminska, Anna Zwolinska, Agata Sarniak, Anna Wlodarczyk, Maciej Krol, Jaroslaw Markowski, Krzysztof P Rutkowski, Dariusz Nowak
OBJECTIVE: Berry fruits rich in anthocyanins have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Blood phagocytes are an important source of oxidants that contribute to inflammatory response and oxidative stress. We examined the effect of sour cherry consumption on luminol-enhanced whole blood chemiluminescence (LBCL) reflecting oxidants generation by circulating phagocytes in healthy subjects. METHODS: Thirty-four and 29 healthy subjects (on a regular diet) consumed 500 g of sour cherries containing 346...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984820/histopathology-of-cervical-cancer-and-arsenic-concentration-in-well-water-an-ecological-analysis
#16
Mohammad Golam Mostafa, Zarat Jahin Queen, Nicola Cherry
Arsenic in drinking water is causally linked with cancer of the skin, lung, and urinary bladder, but there is very little data on a possible role for arsenic in the etiology of cervical cancer, a disease in which human papilloma virus is held to be a necessary but not sufficient cause. All histopathology results from cervical specimens from the National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka (1997-2015), and the Anowara Medical Services (2003-2015), both serving the whole of Bangladesh, were classified by cell type...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983010/draft-genome-sequence-of-enterococcus-canintestini-49-a-potential-probiotic-that-produces-multiple-bacteriocins
#17
Jeella Z Acedo, Cherry Ibarra Romero, Sarah T Miyata, Alysson H Blaine, Lynn M McMullen, John C Vederas, Marco J van Belkum
Enterococcus canintestini 49, isolated from dog feces, is active against Clostridium perfringens, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and Listeria monocytogenes Its draft genome sequence reported herein contains a gene cluster encoding multiple bacteriocins and indicates the absence of genes for virulence factors. These characteristics signify the strain's potential for use as a probiotic.
October 5, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980314/haematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-a-north-american-multicentre-collaborative-study
#18
Mohamed A Kharfan-Dabaja, Monzr M Al Malki, Uday Deotare, Renju V Raj, Najla El-Jurdi, Navneet Majhail, Mohamad A Cherry, Qaiser Bashir, Justin Darrah, Taiga Nishihori, Hassan Sibai, Mehdi Hamadani, Marcos de Lima, Aaron T Gerds, George Selby, Muzaffar H Qazilbash, Stephen J Forman, Ernesto Ayala, Jeffrey H Lipton, Parameswaran N Hari, Tariq Muzzafar, Ling Zhang, Horatiu Olteanu, Janelle Perkins, Lubomir Sokol, Ambuj Kumar, Sairah Ahmed
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is incurable with conventional therapies. Limited retrospective data have shown durable remissions after haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) [allogeneic (allo) or autologous (auto)]. We conducted a multicentre retrospective study in BPDCN patients treated with allo-HCT and auto-HCT at 8 centres in the United States and Canada. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The population consisted of 45 consecutive patients who received an allo-HCT (n = 37) or an auto-HCT (n = 8) regardless of age, pre-transplant therapies, or remission status at transplantation...
October 4, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974032/dietary-anthocyanins-against-obesity-and-inflammation
#19
REVIEW
Yoon-Mi Lee, Young Yoon, Haelim Yoon, Hyun-Min Park, Sooji Song, Kyung-Jin Yeum
Chronic low-grade inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of obesity, due to its associated chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary diseases and cancer. Thus, targeting inflammation is an attractive strategy to counter the burden of obesity-induced health problems. Recently, food-derived bioactive compounds have been spotlighted as a regulator against various chronic diseases due to their low toxicity, as opposed to drugs that induce severe side effects. Here we describe the beneficial effects of dietary anthocyanins on obesity-induced metabolic disorders and inflammation...
October 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972370/plant-uptake-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-at-a-contaminated-fire-training-facility-to-evaluate-the-phytoremediation-potential-of-various-plant-species
#20
Laura Gobelius, Jeffrey Lewis, Lutz Ahrens
Fire training facilities and other areas suffer from serious per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) contamination in soil, surface water and groundwater due to regular practices with PFASs-containing aqueous firefighting foams (AFFFs). Therefore, the uptake of 26 PFASs in plants and the contamination of soil and groundwater has been investigated at a fire training site at Stockholm Arlanda airport, Stockholm (Sweden) in 2016. Elevated ∑26PFASs levels were detected in soil and groundwater ranging from 16-160 ng g-1 dry weight (dw) and 1,200-34,000 ng L-1, respectively...
October 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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