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Sarbajit Mukherjee, Sami Ibrahimi, Teresa Scordino, Mohamad Cherry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Tarek Turk, Mohamed Tamer Elhady, Sherwet Rashed, Mariam Abdelkhalek, Somia Ahmed Nasef, Ashraf Mohamed Khallaf, Abdelrahman Tarek Mohammed, Andrew Wassef Attia, Purushottam Adhikari, Mohamed Alsabbahi Amin, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
BACKGROUND: Several influential aspects of survey research have been under-investigated and there is a lack of guidance on reporting survey studies, especially web-based projects. In this review, we aim to investigate the reporting practices and quality of both web- and non-web-based survey studies to enhance the quality of reporting medical evidence that is derived from survey studies and to maximize the efficiency of its consumption. METHODS: Reporting practices and quality of 100 random web- and 100 random non-web-based articles published from 2004 to 2016 were assessed using the SUrvey Reporting GuidelinE (SURGE)...
2018: PloS One
Samera H Hamad, Nathan M Johnson, Margaret E Tefft, Marielle C Brinkman, Sydney M Gordon, Pamela I Clark, Stephanie S Buehler
Objective: Our objective was to characterize physical properties and semivolatile harmful and potentially harmful constituent yields in the mainstream smoke (MSS) of 4 popular little cigars compared to the 3R4F reference cigarette. Methods: We used the ISO and Canadian Intense Regimen protocols to generate MSS for Cheyenne (Full Flavor and Menthol) and Swisher Sweets (Original and Sweet Cherry) little cigars; and the 3R4F. We examined physical properties such as length, tobacco filler mass, pressure drop, and ventilation for each product...
October 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
Akila Subramaniam, William J Van Der Pol, Travis Ptacek, Elena Lobashevsky, Cherry Neely, Joseph R Biggio, Elliot J Lefkowitz, Casey D Morrow, Rodney K Edwards
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if midtrimester maternal serum contains microbial DNA and whether it differs between women with spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) and those delivering at term. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective case-control study, we identified 20 healthy nulliparas with SPTB at 24-33 weeks of a nonanomalous singleton in 2014. Each case was matched by race/ethnicity to a control delivering at 39-40 weeks. Serum samples, collected at 15-20 weeks and stored at -80C , were thawed and DNA extracted...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sharon M H Tsang, Amanda H M Lam, Melody H L Ng, Kiki W K Ng, Cherry O H Tsui, Benjamin Yiu
Abdominal exercise has been advocated to improve the protection of the spine and neuromuscular efficiency of the limb movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of enhanced contraction of internal oblique and transversus abdominis (IO/TrA) on the activity level of the hip and posterior thigh muscles during therapeutic hip exercises. Twenty healthy females were required to perform eight hip exercises under two conditions, natural versus enhanced IO/TrA contraction conditions. Muscle activity of gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae and biceps femoris of the exercising leg was measured by surface electromyography during hip exercises, and expressed in percentage normalized to the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Sarah Woltz, Pieta Krijnen, Arwen H Pieterse, Inger B Schipper
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to answer the following research question: What is the knowledge, opinion, and experience of trauma surgeons with respect to shared decision making (SDM)? METHODS: An online survey was sent out in September 2016 to all 257 surgeons registered as a trauma surgeon with the Dutch Association of Trauma Surgery, to gather demographic, knowledge, and practice based information regarding their use of SDM. Results were presented according to the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES)...
June 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Roberta L Hannibal, Margarida Cardoso-Moreira, Shilpa P Chetty, Joanne Lau, Zhongxia Qi, Eduardo Gonzalez-Maldonado, Athena M Cherry, Jingwei Yu, Mary E Norton, Julie C Baker
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), routinely used for prenatal diagnosis of cytogenetic disorders, also possesses great potential for the study of placentation. To better understand villus biology, human placentation, and how these relate to pregnancy outcomes, we examined the morphology and transcriptomes of villi obtained via CVS from 10 to 14 weeks of pregnancy and correlated these with pregnancy attributes and clinical outcomes. First, we established a morphological scoring system based on three main villus features: branching, budding and vascularization...
May 2018: Placenta
Carlos H Maldaner, Patrick M Quinn, John A Cherry, Beth L Parker
A straddle-packer system for use in boreholes in fractured rock was modified to investigate the average linear groundwater velocity (v¯f ) in fractures under ambient flow conditions. This packer system allows two different tests to be conducted in the same interval between packers without redeploying the system: (1) forced gradient hydraulic tests to determine the interval transmissivity (T), and (2) borehole dilution experiments to determine the groundwater flow rate (Qt ) across the test interval. The constant head step test method provides assurance that flow is Darcian when determining T for each interval and identifies the flow rate at the onset of non-Darcian flow...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Travis J Morrell, Sailesh Konda, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Erica L Vonasek, Angela H Choi, Juan Sanchez, Nitin Nitin
There is a significant unmet need to develop antimicrobial solutions to reduce the risk of contamination in fresh produce. Bacteriophages have been proposed as a potential approach for controlling foodborne pathogens. This study evaluated the combination of edible dip coatings with T7 bacteriophages on whole and cut produce. The evaluation includes an assessment of phage loading, phage storage stability, antimicrobial activity, and phage stability during simulated gastric digestion on sliced cucumbers, sliced apples, and whole cherry tomatoes...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Mariana Ingolotti, Enrique Alfonso Roig Melo-Granados, Pedro Mario González-Madrigal, Humberto Ruiz García
PURPOSE: To report a case of central retinal artery occlusion in a patient with macular telangiectasia Type 2 using multimodal imaging. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 58-year-old woman who presented with acute painless unilateral vision loss was diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion in her right eye with macular telangiectasia Type 2 findings in both eyes. Fundus examination revealed retinal whitening with unusual cherry-red spot plus small crystalline deposits in the temporal macula...
June 13, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Niall O'Mara, Cherry Cheung, Robin McManus, Keith Simon Cross
Extragonadal germ cell tumours (GCTs) are uncommon neoplasms comprising approximately 2%-5% of all GCTs. Of these, approximately 30%-40% occurs as primary retroperitoneal GCTs. This case report details the presentation, diagnosis and management of a 53-year-old man presenting with an incidental finding of a primary extragonadal retroperitoneal teratoma with carcinoid transformation.
June 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Eric C Yang, Richard A Schwarz, Alexander K Lang, Nancy E Bass, Hawraa Badaoui, Imran S Vohra, Katelin D Cherry, Michelle D Williams, Ann M Gillenwater, Nadarajah Vigneswaran, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
Early detection of oral cancer and oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) containing dysplasia could improve oral cancer outcomes. However, general dental practitioners have difficulty distinguishing dysplastic OPLs from confounder oral mucosal lesions in low-risk populations. We evaluated the ability of two optical imaging technologies, autofluorescence imaging (AFI) and high-resolution microendoscopy (HRME), to diagnose moderate dysplasia or worse (ModDys+) in 56 oral mucosal lesions in a low-risk patient population, using histopathology as the gold standard, and in 46 clinically normal sites...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
Zachary T Brym, S K Morgan Ernest
We evaluated allometric relationships in length, diameter, and mass of branches for two variably managed orchard tree species (tart cherry, Prunus cerasus ; apple, Malus spp . ). The empirically estimated allometric exponents ( a ) of the orchard trees were described in the context of two processed-based allometry models that make predictions for a : the West, Brown and Enquist fractal branching model (WBE) and the recently introduced Flow Similarity model (FS). These allometric models make predictions about relationships in plant morphology (e...
2018: PeerJ
Tarık Yarılgaç, Hayrullah Kadim, Burhan Ozturk
BACKGROUND: A research was conducted in this study to determine the effects of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) treatments on fruit quality attributes and bioactive compounds of cornelian cherry fruits (Cornus mas L.) harvested at two different maturity stages [Maturity (M); M-1: skin red color <10%, M-2: skin red color >90%] throughout the shelf life. Fruits were stored at 0±0.5 °C and 90±5% relative humidity (RH) for 30 days, and then kept at 22±0.5 °C and 80±5% RH during 3 days for shelf life...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Chenhui Wang, Jingcan Sun, Benjamin Lassabliere, Bin Yu, Feifei Zhao, Fangju Zhao, Ying Chen, Shao Quan Liu
BACKGROUND: Coffee flavor can be significantly influenced by microbial activities in spontaneous fermentation of coffee cherries. The potential of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) for flavor modulation through controlled fermentation of green coffee beans has not been explored. RESULTS: Fermentation by Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 with and without 1% w/w glucose supplementation led to modification of flavor-related constituents in green coffee beans, which translated into modulation of coffee volatiles upon roasting...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Dániel Baráth, Nikoletta Jaksa-Czotter, János Molnár, Tünde Varga, Júlia Balássy, Luca Krisztina Szabó, Zoltán Kirilla, Gábor E Tusnády, Éva Preininger, Éva Várallyay
Fruit trees, such as apricot trees, are constantly exposed to the attack of viruses. As they are propagated in a vegetative way, this risk is present not only in the field, where they remain for decades, but also during their propagation. Metagenomic diagnostic methods, based on next generation sequencing (NGS), offer unique possibilities to reveal all the present pathogens in the investigated sample. Using NGS of small RNAs, a special field of these techniques, we tested leaf samples of different varieties of apricot originating from an isolator house or open field stock nursery...
June 11, 2018: Viruses
Aaron G Cahill, Beth L Parker, Bernhard Mayer, K Ulrich Mayer, John A Cherry
Fugitive gas comprised primarily of methane (CH4 ) with traces of ethane and propane (collectively termed C1-3 ) may negatively impact shallow groundwater when unintentionally released from oil and natural gas wells. Currently, knowledge of fugitive gas migration, subsurface source identification and oxidation potential in groundwater is limited. To advance understanding, a controlled release experiment was performed at the Borden Research Aquifer, Canada, whereby 51m3 of natural gas was injected into an unconfined sand aquifer over 72days with dissolved gases monitored over 323days...
May 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Sarah R Jackman, Matthew S Brook, Richard M Pulsford, Emma J Cockcroft, Matthew I Campbell, Debbie Rankin, Philip Atherton, Kenneth Smith, Joanna L Bowtell
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammation may contribute to anabolic resistance in response to protein and exercise in older adults. We investigated whether consumption of montmorency cherry concentrate (MCC) increased anabolic sensitivity to protein ingestion and resistance exercise in healthy older men. METHODS: Sixteen healthy older men were randomized to receive MCC (60 mL·d-1 ) or placebo (PLA) for two weeks, after baseline measures in week 1. During week 3, participants consumed 10 g whey protein·d-1 and completed three bouts of unilateral leg resistance exercise (4 × 8-10 repetitions at 80% 1RM)...
June 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Wee L Yee
Western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens Curran (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a quarantine pest of cherries (Prunus spp.) in western North America that can be detected using sticky yellow rectangle traps. Recently, a related invasive fly from Europe and Asia, the European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (L.) (Diptera: Tephritidae), was detected in eastern North America, prompting surveys for it in the West. Sticky crossed-panel yellow Rebell and cylindrical-type yellow PALz traps were developed for R...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
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