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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605070/nonviral-or-drug-induced-etiologies-of-acute-liver-failure
#1
REVIEW
Russell Rosenblatt, Robert S Brown
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare but highly fatal condition. The most common causes include drug-induced and viral hepatitis, but other less common etiologies, especially autoimmune hepatitis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, and Wilson disease, need to be considered. Because diagnosis is frequently tied to potential for reversibility of ALF and prognosis, early identification in a timely manner is crucial. Other causes of ALF are more easily recognizable based on specific circumstances, such as ALF in pregnancy or ischemic hepatitis...
May 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563757/budd-chiari-syndrome-in-china-a-30-year-retrospective-study-on-survival-from-a-single-center
#2
Wei Zhang, Qiao-Zheng Wang, Xiao-Wei Chen, Hong-Shan Zhong, Xi-Tong Zhang, Xu-Dong Chen, Ke Xu
AIM: To investigate 30-year treatment outcomes associated with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) at a tertiary hospital in China. METHODS: A total of 256 patients diagnosed with primary BCS at our tertiary hospital between November 1983 and September 2013 were followed and retrospectively studied. Cumulative survival rates and cumulative mortality rates of major causes were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and the independent predictors of survival were identified using a Cox regression model...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549997/role-of-radiological-imaging-and-interventions-in-management-of-budd-chiari-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
C J Das, M Soneja, S Tayal, A Chahal, S Srivastava, A Kumar, U Baruah
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a clinical condition resulting from impaired hepatic venous drainage, in which there is obstruction to the hepatic venous outflow at any level from the small hepatic veins to the junction of the inferior vena cava and the right atrium leading to hepatic congestion. The diagnosis of BCS is based on imaging, which can be gathered from non-invasive investigations such as ultrasonography coupled with venous Doppler, triphasic computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528017/budd-chiari-syndrome-diagnosed-in-a-patient-listed-for-liver-transplant-and-considered-to-be-contraindicated-for-the-operation
#4
Kakharman Yesmembetov, Zhansaya Muratova, Sergey Borovskiy, Irina Ten, Kulpash Kaliaskarova
We report the clinical case of 23-year-old patient with liver cirrhosis of unknown genesis, significant resistant ascites, and 2 episodes of bleeding from esophageal varices. Evaluation did not find any cause of liver disease, and the patient was placed on the transplant wait list due to subcompensated liver function (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score of 16, Child-Pugh class B) and poorly controlled severe portal hypertension. After treatment with diuretics, largevolume paracentesis, antibiotics, and vasoconstrictors, hepatorenal syndrome and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis resolved and liver function improved significantly...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526953/budd-chiari-syndrome-and-esophageal-achalasia-a-case-of-unrecognized-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-invading-multiple-organs
#5
Keisuke Kakisaka, Kei Endo, Ryo Sugimoto, Kazuyuki Ishida, Tamotsu Sugai, Yasuhiro Takikawa
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second-most common primary liver cancer, although its occurrence is relatively rare. Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is characterized by outflow obstruction from the liver, with hepatocellular carcinoma being the most common cause of malignant BCS. In this case report, we describe the occurrence of an unrecognized ICC that induced BCS and esophageal achalasia.
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478911/an-individualised-strategy-and-long-term-outcomes-of-endovascular-treatment-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-complicated-by-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis
#6
P-X Ding, X He, X-W Han, Y Zhang, Y Wu, X-X Liang, C Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate individualised treatment and long-term outcomes of endovascular treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) complicated by inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis. METHODS: Between April 2005 and December 2015, 108 consecutive patients with BCS complicated by IVC thrombosis underwent endovascular treatment. According to the type, size, extent, and degree of organisation of the thrombus, agitation thrombolysis (n = 7), agitation thrombolysis combined with retrieval stent filter (n = 5), pre-dilation (n = 32), retrieval stent filter (n = 56), or direct large balloon dilation (n = 8) was performed...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472420/budd-chiari-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Gopal Krishana Bohra, Vivek Chhabra, Naresh Midha, Binit Sureka
We report a case of 26-year-old man who was admitted on our ward for the evaluation of ascites. He was a known case of inflammatory bowel disease(ulcerative colitis) and was on regular mesalamine therapy. On evaluation, he was having high serum ascites albumin gradient. CT scan of the abdomen revealed features of portal hypertension and non-visualisation of right and middle hepatic veins along with thrombus in inferior vena cava, suggesting a diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). There are only few case reports available showing association of BCS with UC...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461676/clinical-and-prognostic-associations-of-liver-volume-determined-by-computed-tomography-in-acute-liver-failure
#8
Abigail Zabron, Alberto Quaglia, Evangelia Fatourou, Praveen Peddu, Dylan Lewis, Michael Heneghan, Christopher Willars, Georg Auzinger, Nigel Heaton, Julia Wendon, Pauline Kane, John Karani, William Bernal
BACKGROUND: Liver volume (LV) can be non-invasively determined from analysis of computed tomography (CT) images, and in patients with Acute liver injury (ALI) or failure (ALF) reflect the balance of structural collapse with hepatic regeneration. We examined its relation to cause of liver injury, measures of liver function and histopathological findings, and utility in prediction of complications and mortality. METHODS: 273 patients with ALF/ALI admitted to a specialist intensive care unit were studied...
February 20, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460040/benign-and-malignant-hepatocellular-lesions-in-patients-with-vascular-liver-diseases
#9
Valérie Vilgrain, Valérie Paradis, Morgane Van Wettere, Dominique Valla, Maxime Ronot, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou
A variety of vascular liver disorders can induce hepatocellular tumors. They may be related to portal venous deprivation, venous outflow obstruction, or arterial diseases. Their common feature is an imbalance between hepatic arterial and portal venous blood flow leading to an increased hepatic arterial inflow. Consequently, hepatocellular tumors may arise, most commonly focal nodular hyperplasia-like lesions but hepatocellular adenomas and hepatocellular carcinoma may be seen as well. This article will review the most common vascular liver diseases associated with hepatocellular nodules (Budd-Chiari syndrome, congenital portosystemic shunt, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, and portal cavernoma)...
February 19, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459073/erythema-annulare-centrifugum-in-a-patient-with-budd-chiari-syndrome
#10
A S Borges, A Brasileiro, S Santos, J Saiote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423048/specific-alterations-in-gut-microbiota-are-associated-with-prognosis-of-budd-chiari-syndrome
#11
Yu-Ling Sun, Wen-Qi Li, Peng-Xu Ding, Zhi-Wei Wang, Chang-Hua Wei, Xiu-Xian Ma, Rui-Fang Zhang, Yan Wu, Lin Zhou, Ruo-Peng Liang, Yan-Peng Zhang, Yi-Pu Zhao, Rong-Tao Zhu, Jian Li
Gut microbiota is associated with liver diseases. However, gut microbial characteristics of Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) have not been reported. Here, by MiSeq sequencing, gut microbial alterations were characterized among 37 health controls, 20 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients, 31 initial B-CS patients (B-CS group), 33 stability patients after BCS treatment (stability group) and 23 recurrent patients after BCS treatment (recurrence group). Gut microbial diversity was increased in B-CS versus LC. Bacterial community of B-CS clustered with controls but separated from LC...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392360/hepatic-sinusoidal-dilatation
#12
Giuseppe Brancatelli, Alessandro Furlan, Alberto Calandra, Marco Dioguardi Burgio
Hepatic sinusoidal dilatation refers to the enlargement of the hepatic capillaries. Most of the time this condition is caused by hepatic venous outflow obstruction, which results in vascular stasis and congestion of hepatic parenchyma. In this setting, hepatic sinusoidal dilatation can be related to pericardial disease, heart failure, compression or thrombosis of the hepatic veins or inferior vena cava (i.e., Budd-Chiari syndrome) or central veins/sinusoids involvement (i.e., sinusoidal obstruction syndrome)...
February 1, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381999/abdominal-surgery-in-patients-with-essential-thrombocythemia-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#13
Yi Zhu, HongGang Jiang, ZhiHeng Chen, BoHao Lu, JiaMing Wu
INTRODUCTION: Essential thrombocythemia/thrombocytosis (ET) is characterized by increased bleeding and thrombosis risk during the perioperative period. We report the case of a woman with ET and sigmoid colon cancer, in whom the postoperative course was complicated by anastomotic bleeding. A systematic review was conducted to seek guidance for the management of such patient in the perioperative period. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using EMBASE, Medline, and PubMed databases to detect relevant English language articles...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368192/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-is-less-prevalent-in-patients-with-budd-chiari-syndrome-than-cirrhosis-of-liver
#14
Akash Shukla, Pratin Bhatt, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Tejas Modi, Jatin Patel, Milind Phadke, Krantikumar Rathod, Megha Meshram, S J Bhatia
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with high mortality after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and liver transplantation in patients with cirrhosis. There is no data about the prevalence or impact of CCM in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). We assessed the prevalence of CCM in patients with BCS and its impact on outcome after radiological intervention. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with BCS (15 men) and 33 controls with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis (18 men, matched for Child-Pugh score) were evaluated with baseline electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography (ECHO) and dobutamine stress ECHO, and ECG (DSE)...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352960/persistent-fever-and-abdominal-pain-in-a-young-woman-with-budd-chiari-syndrome
#15
Elisa Liverani, Antonio Colecchia, Giuseppe Mazzella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348288/budd-chiari-syndrome-a-rare-and-life-threatening-complication-of-crohn-s-disease
#16
Camila C Simoes, Yezaz A Ghouri, Shehzad N Merwat, Heather L Stevenson
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is characterised by obstruction of hepatic venous outflow and may be triggered by the prothrombotic state associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We reported a case of Crohn's disease (CD) that presented with anasarca, ascites, symptomatic hepatomegaly, elevated liver enzymes, increased prothrombin time and low albumin. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy confirmed active CD. Abdominal CT showed hepatic vein thrombosis. Liver biopsy revealed severe perivenular sinusoidal dilation with areas of hepatocyte dropout, bands of hepatocyte atrophy and centrizonal fibrosis, suggestive of BCS...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340275/timing-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-an-italian-hepatologist-s-perspective
#17
Andrea Mancuso
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) management flow-chart is derived from experts' opinion and is not evidence-based. Guidelines suggest BCS management should follow a stepwise strategy: medical therapy as first-line treatment, revascularization or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) if no response to medical therapy, and liver transplant as rescue therapy. Recent evidence suggests that only medical therapy results in a bad long-term outcome. The biggest criticism of guidelines is the indication that BCS should receive further treatment only when hemodynamic consequences of portal hypertension become clinically evident...
December 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316565/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-patency-depends-on-coverage-and-interventionalist-s-experience
#18
Matthias Buechter, Paul Manka, Guido Gerken, Ali Canbay, Sandra Blomeyer, Axel Wetter, Jens Altenbernd, Alisan Kahraman, Jens M Theysohn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the treatment of choice in decompensated portal hypertension. TIPS revision due to thrombosis or stenosis increases morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to investigate patient- and procedure-associated risk factors for TIPS-revision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 189 patients who underwent the TIPS procedure. Only patients who required TIPS revision within 1 year (Group I, 34 patients) and patients who did not require re-intervention within the first year (Group II [control group], 54 patients) were included...
2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316476/numerical-simulation-of-hemodynamics-in-membranous-obstruction-of-the-suprahepatic-inferior-vena-cava-based-on-a-subject-specific-budd-chiari-syndrome-model
#19
Deqiang Cheng, Yinping Zhuang, Qiqi Kou, Min Zhang, Yinghong Zhao, Cuiping Han, Jingjing Li, Yong Wang, Kai Xu, Fei Mo, Jiawei Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the hemodynamic changes of Budd-Chiari syndrome when the inferior vena vein membrane is developing. METHODS: A patient-specific Budd-Chiari syndrome vascular model was reconstructed based on magnetic resonance images using Mimics software and different degrees (16%, 37%, and 54%) of idealized membrane were built based on the Budd-Chiari syndrome vascular model using Geomagic software. Three membrane obstruction Budd-Chiari syndrome vascular models were established successfully and fluent software was used to simulate hemodynamic parameters, including blood velocity and wall shear stress...
February 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297972/prognostic-scoring-systems-and-outcome-of-endovascular-radiological-intervention-of-chronic-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#20
Sumit K Singh, Moinak Sen Sarma, Rajanikant Yadav, Sheo Kumar, Raghunandan Prasad, Surender K Yachha, Anshu Srivastava, Ujjal Poddar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prognostic scoring systems (PSS) have not been validated in children with chronic Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). We aimed to analyse the long-term outcome of radiological intervention (RI) and validate the PSS in children. METHODS: Chronic BCS children were analysed in four subgroups: (i) SI: successful intervention (primary or secondary stent patency) (ii) PO: poor outcome (refractory stent block or requirement of liver transplantation), (iii) NU: naïve unintervened (awaiting RI) and (iv) DBI: died before intervention...
January 3, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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