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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165867/applying-behavior-analytic-methodology-to-the-science-and-practice-of-environmental-enrichment-in-zoos-and-aquariums
#1
Christina A Alligood, Nicole R Dorey, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Katherine A Leighty
Environmental enrichment in zoos and aquariums is often evaluated at two overlapping levels: published research and day-to-day institutional record keeping. Several authors have discussed ongoing challenges with small sample sizes in between-groups zoological research and have cautioned against the inappropriate use of inferential statistics (Shepherdson, , International Zoo Yearbook, 38, 118-124; Shepherdson, Lewis, Carlstead, Bauman, & Perrin, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 147, 298-277; Swaisgood, , Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 102, 139-162; Swaisgood & Shepherdson, , Zoo Biology, 24, 499-518)...
May 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160406/cheiloscopic-study-among-monozygotic-twins-non-twin-brothers-and-non-relative-individuals
#2
Larissa Chaves Cardoso Fernandes, Julyana de Araújo Oliveira, Bianca Marques Santiago, Patrícia Moreira Rabello, Marcus Vitor Diniz de Carvalho, Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro Campello, Evelyne Pessoa Soriano
This study aimed to investigate cheiloscopic patterns among monozygotic twins (MT), non-twin siblings (NTS) and unrelated individuals (UI). The sample consisted of 20 pairs of monozygotic twins (G1), 20 pairs of non-twin siblings (G2) and 20 pairs of unrelated individuals (G3). Lip thickness, commissures and grooves were evaluated and the latter were classified as: I - clear-cut vertical grooves; I' - incomplete vertical grooves; II - branched grooves; III - intersecting; IV - reticular grooves and V - undetermined, in 8 labial regions (sub-quadrants)...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159927/hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-vitamin-a-deficiency-among-women-in-tanzania
#3
Zelalem T Haile, Asli K Teweldeberhan, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hormonal contraceptive use and vitamin A deficiency among women in Tanzania. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 8231 women who participated in the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1291 (weight percentage 17.8%) women reported a history of hormonal contraceptive use. The weighted prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was 36...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154103/lung-cancer-messages-on-twitter-content%C3%A2-analysis-and-evaluation
#4
Jeannette Sutton, Sarah C Vos, Michele K Olson, Chelsea Woods, Elisia Cohen, C Ben Gibson, Nolan Edward Phillips, Jamie L Studts, Jan M Eberth, Carter T Butts
PURPOSE: The aim of this project was to describe and evaluate the levels of lung cancer communication across the cancer prevention and control continuum for content posted to Twitter during a 10-day period (September 30 to October 9) in 2016. METHODS: Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to identify relationships between tweet characteristics in lung cancer communication on Twitter and user-level data. Overall, 3,000 tweets published between September 30 and October 9 were assessed by a team of three coders...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149947/impact-factors-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-transplantation-patients-and-their-caregivers-in-china
#5
Q-X Zhang, J-F Xie, J-D Zhou, S-S Xiao, A-Z Liu, G-Q Hu, Y Chen, C-Y Wang
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to investigate the attitudes toward organ donation among renal transplantation patients and their caregivers. In addition, we sought to explore the impact factors that affect their attitudes toward deceased organ donation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A self-administrated questionnaire was used, which consisted of two parts: 1) demographic data, and 2) transplantation and donation-related data. This study was conducted in three transplantation follow-up centers in three hospitals using a cross-sectional approach...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149852/access-to-health-care-for-persons-with-disabilities-in-rural-south-africa
#6
R Vergunst, L Swartz, K-G Hem, A H Eide, H Mannan, M MacLachlan, G Mji, S H Braathen, M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Global research suggests that persons with disabilities face barriers when accessing health care services. Yet, information regarding the nature of these barriers, especially in low-income and middle-income countries is sparse. Rural contexts in these countries may present greater barriers than urban contexts, but little is known about access issues in such contexts. There is a paucity of research in South Africa looking at "triple vulnerability" - poverty, disability and rurality...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149520/compassion-in-practice-evaluating-the-awareness-involvement-and-perceived-impact-of-a-national-nursing-and-midwifery-strategy-amongst-health-care-professionals-in-nhs-trusts-in-england
#7
Helen Allan, Mike O'Driscoll, Liang Liu, Kevin Corbett, Laura Serrant
AIM: To report the findings from an evaluation of the impact of the Compassion in Practice Vision & Strategy (CiPVS) (National Health Service England (NHSE), 2012) on nursing, midwifery and care staff. BACKGROUND: The CiPVS was a programme of work to highlight the importance of compassionate care following the Francis Report in 2013 into the deficits in care in an NHS hospital trust. It was launched by NHS England in 2012 at a time when fiscal cuts were introduced by the Department of Health in England...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145835/global-health-education-in-united-states-anesthesiology-residency-programs-a-survey-of-resident-opportunities-and-program-director-attitudes
#8
Gunisha Kaur, Sheida Tabaie, Jasmit Brar, Virginia Tangel, Kane O Pryor
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health during postgraduate residency training is increasing across medical specialties, and multiple disciplines have categorized global health training opportunities in their arena. No such cataloging exists for anesthesiology residency programs. The aim of this study was to assess and characterize global health opportunities and the attitudes of program directors (PDs) in U.S. anesthesiology residency programs towards this training. METHODS: A cross-sectional 20-question survey on global health opportunities was distributed to 128 ACGME accredited anesthesiology residency program directors via email between October 2015 and January 2016...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142542/predictors-and-correlations-of-emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah
#9
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142452/infertility-stress-in-couples-undergoing-intrauterine-insemination-and-in-vitro-fertilization-treatments
#10
Manisha Awtani, Kamayani Mathur, Sandeep Shah, Manish Banker
Aim: The main aim of the study was to assess the stress levels of husbands and wives undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments, and also to observe whether the stress levels differed between the methods of treatments. Materials and Methods: This research focused on 120 infertile couples who underwent IUI and In Vitro Fertilization-Intra Sperm Cytoplasmic sperm Injection (IVF-ICSI) at an infertility clinic from April 2014 to November 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136414/quantitative-respirator-fit-face-sizes-and-determinants-of-fit-in-south-african-diagnostic-laboratory-respirator-users
#11
Jeanneth Manganyi, Kerry S Wilson, David Rees
Objectives: Respirators are widely used in health care settings but there is scant information on adequacy of fit and its determinants, particularly in resource-constrained settings. The aim of the study is to describe the proportion of South African diagnostic laboratory respirator users with adequate quantitative respirator fit while wearing their currently selected respirators which were generally supplied without regard to face size, and to identify determinants of fit test pass and fail...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132414/effect-of-frenotomy-on-breastfeeding-variables-in-infants-with-ankyloglossia-tongue-tie-a-prospective-before-and-after-cohort-study
#12
Kathryn Muldoon, Louise Gallagher, Denise McGuinness, Valerie Smith
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) and its clinical impact on breastfeeding, including the benefits, or otherwise, of tongue-tie release (frenotomy). As exclusive breastfeeding rates in Ireland are already considerably low (46% on discharge home from the maternity unit following birth in 2014), it is imperative to protect and support breastfeeding, including identifying the associated effects that frenotomy might have on breastfeeding variables. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125009/exercise-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-individuals-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type
#13
Jane V Simmonds, Anthony Herbland, Alan Hakim, Nelly Ninis, William Lever, Qasim Aziz, Mindy Cairns
PURPOSE: To explore exercise beliefs and behaviours of individuals with Joint Hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type and to explore patient experiences of physiotherapy. METHODS: A cross sectional questionnaire survey design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from adult members of the Hypermobility Syndromes Association and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Support UK. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122253/the-effect-of-nature-sounds-on-physiological-indicators-among-patients-in-the-cardiac-care-unit
#14
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Maryam Nasari, Hamid Haghani, Habiballah Rezaei Loieh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental noises may create physiological and psychological disorders in patients hospitalized in the CCU. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of nature sounds on physiological indicators among patients in the CCU. MATERIALS & METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 93 patients hospitalized in the cardiac care units of three teaching hospitals in 2016. The patients were selected using the convenient method with three randomized blocks...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120937/lifestyle-in-visually-impaired-or-blind-massage-therapists-a-preliminary-study
#15
Shu-Ling Hung, Mei-Fang Chen, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Ya-Wen Chang, Hui-Shan Chan
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle is among the most important factors affecting individual health status. Limited access to health information may limit the ability of people with visual impairment or blindness to practice healthy lifestyles. However, no studies have investigated how lifestyle practices affect health specifically in visually impaired and blind populations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the lifestyle behaviors of visually impaired and blind massage therapists (VIBMTs) in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118079/experiences-of-the-kansas-extended-care-permit-providers-a-descriptive-study
#16
Paige M McEvoy, Christopher J Van Ness, Melanie L Simmer-Beck, Bonnie G Branson, Kathy Hunt, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
Purpose: A total of 40 states to date have expanded the role of dental hygienists with the goal of improving access to basic oral health services for underserved populations. In Kansas, legislative changes have resulted in the Extended Care Permit (ECP) designation. The purpose of this study is to describe the experiences of registered dental hygienists in Kansas holding ECP certificates (ECP RDH) as of July of 2014.Methods: Secondary data analysis was performed utilizing data collected from a survey conducted in 2014 by Oral Health Kansas...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114535/joint-predictability-of-physical-activity-and-body-weight-status-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hypertension
#17
Taofeek O Awotidebe, Victor O Adeyeye, Suraj A Ogunyemi, Luqman A Bisiriyu, Rufus A Adedoyin, Michael O Balogun, Rasaaq A Adebayo, Omolara D Amosun
This study investigated the predictability of physical activity (PA) and body weight status (BWS) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with hypertension. A cross-sectional study involved 250 patients with hypertension (≥140/90≤179/109 mmHg) selected from government hospitals in Osun State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used to select participants. Socio-demographic characteristics and cardiovascular parameters were recorded. PA and HRQoL were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Short Form health survey questionnaire respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114264/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-attending-a-teaching-hospital-bharatpur-chitwan
#18
Smita Shrestha, Prativa Dhakal
Objective: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer screening among women. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 96 women. Each woman was selected alternately from Gynae Out-Patient Department of Teaching Hospital. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview schedule to find out knowledge and practice and Likert scale to find out the attitude regarding cervical cancer screening. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113438/performance-in-grade-12-mathematics-and-science-predicts-student-nurses-performance-in-first-year-science-modules-at-a-university-in-the-western-cape
#19
Katlego D T Mthimunye, Felicity M Daniels
BACKGROUND: The demand for highly qualified and skilled nurses is increasing in South Africa as well as around the world. Having a background in science can create a significant advantage for students wishing to enrol for an undergraduate nursing qualification because nursing as profession is grounded in scientific evidence. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of grade 12 mathematics and science on the academic performance of first year student nurses in science modules...
October 26, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112972/how-accurately-can-other-people-infer-your-thoughts-and-does-culture-matter
#20
Constantinos Valanides, Elizabeth Sheppard, Peter Mitchell
This research investigated how accurately people infer what others are thinking after observing a brief sample of their behaviour and whether culture/similarity is a relevant factor. Target participants (14 British and 14 Mediterraneans) were cued to think about either positive or negative events they had experienced. Subsequently, perceiver participants (16 British and 16 Mediterraneans) watched videos of the targets thinking about these things. Perceivers (both groups) were significantly accurate in judging when targets had been cued to think of something positive versus something negative, indicating notable inferential ability...
2017: PloS One
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