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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904544/comparative-evaluation-of-conventional-and-bactec-methods-for-detection-of-bacterial-infection
#1
Afshin Mohammad Alizadeh, Rehyhaneh Kabiri Movahed, Mona Mohammadnia
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The aim of this study was to compare the results of blood culture employing the conventional and BACTEC methods for detection of bacterial infection in Taleghani Hospital, Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive study carried out for 3 months (March 2014-May 2014) on 272 inpatients. Their blood culture results were analyzed using the two methods (BACTEC and conventional)...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904428/a-cross-sectional-anthropometric-study-of-cranial-capacity-among-ukwuani-people-of-south-nigeria
#2
Dennis Erhisenebe Eboh, Ewaen Churchill Okoro, Kingsley Afoke Iteire
BACKGROUND: Cranial capacity is used as a measure of brain volume and has a relationship with age and gender. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data and population-, age- and gender-specific regression formulae related to cranial capacity using head dimensions among the Ukwuani people of Nigeria. METHODS: This study included 605 subjects grouped according to age as follows: 6-12 years, 13-19 years and ≥20 years. A cross-sectional study design using multistage sampling technique was adopted...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903257/what-do-antenatal-care-providers-understand-and-do-about-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#3
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900969/proteinuria-graft-outcomes-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-kidney-transplant-recipients-in-a-south-african-public-hospital
#4
Aminu Muhammad Sakajiki, Sagren Naidoo, P Manga, M S Nazir, S Naicker
Proteinuria is a marker of poor long-term graft survival and an independent risk factor for total and cardiovascular mortality in the transplant population. We investigated the prevalence of proteinuria and its relationship with graft function and cardiovascular risk factors in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Adult KTRs at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital were recruited. Patients' records were reviewed for information on their posttransplant follow-up. Echocardiography and carotid Doppler were performed for the assessment of cardiac status and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), respectively...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#5
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898510/the-effect-of-implementation-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-care-elements-of-a-perioperative-surgical-home-model-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroplasty-or-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Thomas R Vetter, Joydip Barman, James M Hunter, Keith A Jones, Jean-Francois Pittet
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) seeks to remedy the currently highly fragmented and expensive perioperative care in the United States. The 2 specific aims of this health services research study were to assess the association between the preoperative and postoperative elements of an initial PSH model and a set of (1) clinical, quality, and patient safety outcomes and (2) operational and financial outcomes, in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
November 28, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897966/behavioral-characteristics-and-injection-practices-associated-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-community-based-observational-study
#7
Disa Dahlman, Anders Håkansson, Alex H Kral, Lynn Wenger, Elizabeth K Ball, Scott P Novak
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). While SSTIs pose significant health risks, little is known about their prevalence and characteristics in the population of PWID in the United States. This study investigates whether behavioral factors related to skin and equipment hygiene and tissue-damaging injection practices are associated with recent SSTIs among PWID. METHODS: Active PWID were recruited using targeted sampling in San Francisco in 2011-2013...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896728/inferring-trees
#8
Simon Whelan, David A Morrison
Molecular evolution can reveal the relationship between sets of homologous sequences and the patterns of change that occur during their evolution. An important aspect of these studies is the inference of a phylogenetic tree, which explicitly describes evolutionary relationships between homologous sequences. This chapter provides an introduction to evolutionary trees and how to infer them from sequence data using some commonly used inferential methodology. It focuses on statistical methods for inferring trees and how to assess the confidence one should have in any resulting tree, with a particular emphasis on the underlying assumptions of the methods and how they might affect the tree estimate...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895283/food-waste-prevention-in-athens-greece-the-effect-of-family-characteristics
#9
Konstadinos Abeliotis, Katia Lasaridi, Christina Chroni
Food waste is a stream that becomes increasingly important in terms of its prevention potential. There is a large number of behaviours that can be associated with food waste generation and the efforts towards food waste prevention. A questionnaire study was carried in order to study consumer behaviour related to food provision and wastage in Greece. Proper practices of the respondents that can prevent the generation of food waste were investigated using nine behavioural scales, which were defined on the basis of similar studies in other countries...
December 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893500/the-effect-of-reported-sleep-perceived-fatigue-and-sleepiness-on-cognitive-performance-in-a-sample-of-emergency-nurses
#10
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair Delao, Zoran Martinovich
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between reported sleep, perceived fatigue and sleepiness, and cognitive performance. BACKGROUND: Although evidence suggests that fatigue and sleepiness affect the provision of care in inpatient units, there is a lack of research on the sleep patterns of emergency nurses and the effects of disturbed sleep and fatigue on their cognitive abilities and susceptibility to medical errors. METHODS: A quantitative correlational design was used in this study; in each of 7 different statistical models, zero-order relationships between predictors and the dependent variable were examined with appropriate inferential tests...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891355/the-effect-of-continuous-enteral-nutrition-on-nutrition-indices-compared-to-the-intermittent-and-combination-enteral-nutrition-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#11
Sakine Mazaherpur, Alireza Khatony, Alireza Abdi, Yahia Pasdar, Farid Najafi
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition support is one of the most common care, which is undertaken for patients who suffered from Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and are admitted in intensive care units. Literature indicates some controversies regarding the appropriate method of nutrition support in these patients. AIM: This study was conducted for determining the effect of continuous enteral nutrition on nutrition indices, compared to the intermittent enteral and combination nutrition in TBI patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890976/study-frequency-of-hypertension-and-obesity-and-their-relationship-with-lifestyle-factors-nutritional-habits-physical-activity-cigarette-consumption-in-ardabil-city-physicians-2012-13
#12
Afshin Fathi, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Firouz Amani, Mohammad Reza Nikneghad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have been done on lifestyle of Iranian physicians. As physicians have important role in health promotion, the main goal of the study was to assess the lifestyle of this influential group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on lifestyle of all registered physicians of Ardabil hospitals, Iran, 2012-13. In this research, 225 physicians were selected, by using simple random sampling. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained by self-report using standard questionnaires, physical activity by official Iranian short-version of the international physical activity questionnaire, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888596/a-study-of-the-readiness-of-hospitals-for-implementation-of-high-reliability-organizations-model-in-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#13
Seyed Mohammad Hadi Mousavi, Hossein Dargahi, Sara Mohammadi
Creating a safe of health care system requires the establishment of High Reliability Organizations (HROs), which reduces errors, and increases the level of safety in hospitals. This model focuses on improving reliability through higher process design, building a culture of accreditation, and leveraging human factors. The present study intends to determine the readiness of hospitals for the establishment of HROs model in Tehran University of Medical Sciences from the viewpoint of managers of these hospitals...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881159/identifying-profiles-of-service-users-in-housing-services-and-exploring-their-quality-of-life-and-care-needs
#14
Neis A Bitter, Diana P K Roeg, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Housing services aim to support people with mental illness in their daily life and recovery. As the level of recovery differs between service users, the quality of life and care needs also might vary. However, the type and amount of care and support that service users receive do not always match their recovery. In order to improve the quality of care, this study aims to explore whether subgroups of service users exist based on three dimensions of recovery and to examine and compare the quality of life and care needs of the persons in these subgroups...
November 23, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881121/knowledge-is-not-enough-to-solve-the-problems-the-role-of-diagnostic-knowledge-in-clinical-reasoning-activities
#15
Jan Kiesewetter, Rene Ebersbach, Nike Tsalas, Matthias Holzer, Ralf Schmidmaier, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a key competence in medicine. There is a lack of knowledge, how non-experts like medical students solve clinical problems. It is known that they have difficulties applying conceptual knowledge to clinical cases, that they lack metacognitive awareness and that higher level cognitive actions correlate with diagnostic accuracy. However, the role of conceptual, strategic, conditional, and metacognitive knowledge for clinical reasoning is unknown. METHODS: Medical students (n = 21) were exposed to three different clinical cases and instructed to use the think-aloud method...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878220/diagnosis-of-compliance-of-health-care-product-processing-in-primary-health-care
#16
Camila Eugenia Roseira, Darlyani Mariano da Silva, Isis Pienta Batista Dias Passos, Fabiana Souza Orlandi, Maria Clara Padoveze, Rosely Moralez de Figueiredo
Objective: identify the compliance of health care product processing in Primary Health Care and assess possible differences in the compliance among the services characterized as Primary Health Care Service and Family Health Service. Method: quantitative, observational, descriptive and inferential study with the application of structure, process and outcome indicators of the health care product processing at ten services in an interior city of the State of São Paulo - Brazil...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878218/nursing-care-missed-in-patients-at-risk-of-or-having-pressure-ulcers
#17
Jonathan Hermayn Hernández Valles, María Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis, Ma Guadalupe Interial Guzmán, Leticia Vázquez Arreola
Objective: to determine the nursing care missed as perceived by the nursing staff and its relation with the nursing care missed identified in the assessment of patients at risk of or having pressur ulcers. Method: descriptive correlation study. The participants were 161 nurses and 483 patients from a public hospital. The MISSCARE survey was used in combination with a Nursing Care Assessment Form for Patients at Risk of or having pressure ulcers. For the analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were used...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874843/high-fidelity-simulation-experience-in-emergency-settings-doctors-and-nurses-satisfaction-levels
#18
Diletta Calamassi, Tiziana Nannelli, Andrea Guazzini, Laura Rasero, Stefano Bambi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Lots of studies describe High Fidelity Simulation (HFS) as an experience well-accepted by the learners. This study has explored doctors and nurses satisfaction levels during HFS sessions, searching the associations with the setting of simulation events (simulation center or on the field simulation). Moreover, we studied the correlation between HFS experience satisfaction levels and the socio-demographic features of the participants. METHODS: Mixed method study, using the Satisfaction of High-Fidelity Simulation Experience (SESAF) questionnaire through an online survey...
November 22, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865252/measuring-trust-in-nurses-psychometric-properties-of-the-trust-in-nurses-scale-in-four-countries
#19
Minna Stolt, Andreas Charalambous, Laurel Radwin, Christina Adam, Jouko Katajisto, Chryssoula Lemonidou, Elisabeth Patiraki, Katarina Sjövall, Riitta Suhonen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine psychometric properties of three translated versions of the Trust in Nurses Scale (TNS) and cancer patients' perceptions of trust in nurses in a sample of cancer patients from four European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional, cross-cultural, multi-site survey design was used. The data were collected with the Trust in Nurses Scale from patients with different types of malignancies in 17 units within five clinical sites (n = 599) between 09/2012 and 06/2014...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865082/-nutritional-self-care-promotion-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-protocol-of-mixed-method-research
#20
Barbara Raffaele, Maria Matarese, Michela Piredda, Maria Grazia De Marinis
AIM: To describe a research protocol designed to promote nutritional self-care in older people. The aims of the research are: a) to evaluate the effectiveness of a nutritional education intervention in changing knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors; b) to describe the nutritional self-care ability and activities; c) to identify the promoting factors and barriers that influence the changes in nutritional knowledge, behaviors and attitudes in home-dwelling older people. METHOD: Sequential explanatory mixed method design...
July 2016: Professioni Infermieristiche
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