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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545093/ending-preventable-maternal-and-child-deaths-in-western-nigeria-do-women-utilize-the-life-lines
#1
Titilayo Olaitan, Ifeoma P Okafor, Adebayo T Onajole, Olayinka A Abosede
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria which constitutes just one percent of the world population, accounts for 13% of the world maternal and under-five mortality. Utilization of health care services has been an important determinant of maternal and child outcomes. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths could be prevented if women utilize the available life lines. The study objective was to determine utilization of maternal and child health care services among women of child bearing age in Western Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544149/what-s-in-a-name-the-incorrect-use-of-case-series-as-a-study-design-label-in-studies-involving-dogs-and-cats
#2
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, J N Cullen, K M Makielski, A Jones-Bitton
BACKGROUND: Study design labels are used to identify relevant literature to address specific clinical and research questions and to aid in evaluating the evidentiary value of research. Evidence from the human healthcare literature indicates that the label "case series" may be used inconsistently and inappropriately. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the proportion of studies in the canine and feline veterinary literature labeled as case series that actually corresponded to descriptive cohort studies, population-based cohort studies, or other study designs...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544058/beyond-differences-in-means-robust-graphical-methods-to-compare-two-groups-in-neuroscience
#3
Guillaume A Rousselet, Cyril R Pernet, Rand R Wilcox
If many changes are necessary to improve the quality of neuroscience research, one relatively simple step could have great pay-offs: to promote the adoption of detailed graphical methods, combined with robust inferential statistics. Here we illustrate how such methods can lead to a much more detailed understanding of group differences than bar graphs and t-tests on means. To complement the neuroscientist's toolbox, we present two powerful tools that can help us understand how groups of observations differ: the shift function and the difference asymmetry function...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543602/a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-investigation-of-newly-qualified-nurses-workplace-stressors-and-stress-experiences-during-transition
#4
Yvonne Halpin, Louise M Terry, Joan Curzio
AIM: To investigate transition in newly qualified nurses through an exploration of their stressors and stress experiences during their first 12 months post-qualifying. BACKGROUND: Globally, thousands of new nurses qualify annually. They are crucial for the profession and healthcare service delivery. Work-related stress has multiple serious consequences, yet there is a lack of robust, empirical evidence that directly analyses newly qualified nurses and the stress they feel and experience in the workplace...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539695/physical-activity-levels-of-physiotherapists-across-practice-settings-a-cross-sectional-comparison-using-self-report-questionnaire-and-accelerometer-measures
#5
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Armin Ghayyur, Jeremy Edwards, Kristin L Campbell
Purpose: This article describes the physical activity of physiotherapists in British Columbia and examines differences across practice settings using self-report questionnaire and accelerometer-derived measures. Methods: Public and private practice physiotherapists aged 18-65 years were recruited through employee email lists and word of mouth to this cross-sectional study. Participants (n=98) completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form (IPAQ-L) online to quantify self-reported physical activity across various domains (occupational, leisure time, domestic, and transportation)...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538830/subjective-memory-complaints-and-their-relation-with-verbal-fluency-in-active-older-people
#6
Flavia Rodrigues Bernardes, Camila Kretzer Machado, Monique Coan Souza, Marcos José Machado, Aline Megumi Arakawa Belaunde
Purpose: To verify subjective memory complaints and their relation to verbal fluency in older people participating in community groups. Methods: An epidemiological quantitative study performed in community groups for older people in Florianópolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Data were collected by structured interview using the Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q) and the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) by semantic categories "animals/minute". For an inferential descriptive analysis, data with p < 5% were considered...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#7
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528125/pre-registration-nursing-student-s-quality-of-practice-learning-clinical-learning-environment-inventory-actual-questionnaire
#8
Eleanor Shivers, Felicity Hasson, Paul Slater
BACKGROUND: Clinical learning is a vital component of nurse education and assessing student's experiences can provide useful insights for development. Whilst most research in this area has focused on the acute setting little attention has been given to all pre-registration nurses' experience across the clinical placements arenas. OBJECTIVES: To examine of pre-registration nursing students (first, second and third year) assessment of their actual experiences of their most recent clinical learning clinical learning experience...
May 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527289/-characterization-of-patients-with-skeletal-genetic-diseases-in-a-colombian-referral-center
#9
Harvy Mauricio Velasco, Lina Patricia Buelvas
INTRODUCTION: Short height in Colombia has an estimated prevalence of 10%. The 2009 Nosology and Classification of Skeletal Genetic Diseases described 456 clinical conditions using biochemical, molecular and radiological criteria for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To analyze demographic, epidemiological and clinical variables in a group of patients with skeletal genetic diseases referred to the Instituto de Ortopedia Infantil Roosevelt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred between 2008 and 2014 were analyzed filtering 167 diagnoses of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD 10), related to skeletal genetic diseases...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523117/evaluation-of-pediatric-residents-attitudes-toward-ethical-conflict-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#10
Maliheh Kadivar, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Shiva Shayestefar
Ethical conflicts are recognized as critical aspects in assessing competence in clinical communication. Moreover, pediatrics residents may face more problems, compared to other disciplines; due to the specific characteristics of the age group receiving services as well as the presence of their families. This study has been conducted with the aim of determining the attitude and perspective of pediatric residents toward ethical conflicts in the field of pediatrics. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on all residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (90 residents), selected through census method, in 2014...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523020/prevalence-predictors-and-triggers-of-migraine-headache-among-medical-students-and-interns-in-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#11
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Afnan Khalid Alotaibi, Abrar Mansour Alhazmi, Rawan Zaher Alshehri, Rawan Nabeel Saimaldaher, Maradi Abdulkader Murad
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, predictors, triggers and educational outcome of migraine among medical students and interns in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was completed among 566 participants selected through a multistage stratified random sample method. A validated, confidential, self-administered data collection sheet was utilized. It contained ID Migraine test™, Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520974/the-neuropsychological-assessment-of-justice-involved-men-descriptive-analysis-preliminary-data-and-a-case-for-group-specific-norms
#12
Casey LaDuke, David DeMatteo, Kirk Heilbrun, Jennifer Gallo, Thomas Swirsky-Sacchetti
Objective: Neuropsychological expertise has played an increasing role in legal decision-making in criminal contexts. Valid neuropsychological evidence in criminal forensic contexts requires normative data that are representative of justice-involved individuals. Unfortunately, existing normative data appear unlikely to represent justice-involved individuals due to significant demographic and clinical factors specific to this population. As a result, the interpretation of neuropsychological performance with justice-involved individuals using existing normative data may increase the risk of inaccurate description, invalid clinical conceptualization, misdiagnosis of impairment, and misattribution of deficits in functional-legal capacities...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513995/inner-strength-and-its-relationship-to-health-threats-in-ageing-a-cross-sectional-study-among-community-dwelling-older-women
#13
Erika Boman, Berit Lundman, Björn Nygren, Kristofer Årestedt, Regina Santamäki Fischer
AIM: To explore the relationship between inner strength and health threats among community-dwelling older women. BACKGROUND: Inner strength is described as a resource that promotes experiences of health, despite adversities. Inner strength and its dimensions (i.e. connectedness, creativity, firmness and flexibility) can be assessed using the Inner Strength Scale (ISS). Exploring attributes of weaker inner strength may yield valuable information about areas to focus on in enhancing a person's inner strength and may ultimately lead to the perception of better health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511600/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-toward-lassa-fever-control-and-prevention-among-residents-of-ile-ife-southwest-nigeria
#14
S A Olowookere, C A Adegbenro, A Idowu, A G Omisore, O M Shabi, U R Ikem, G A Ekwere, I F Oderinde
Lassa fever had been reported as a cause of death especially in endemic parts of Nigeria. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices toward Lassa fever control and prevention among residents of Ile-Ife, southwest Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among consenting randomly selected adults using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. A total of 400 questionnaires with completed data were analyzed (response rate 96%)...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511451/attitudes-of-mashhad-public-hospital-s-nurses-and-midwives-toward-the-causes-and-rates-of-medical-errors-reporting
#15
Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaie Najar, Roksana Janghorban, Fatemeh Azarkish
INTRODUCTION: Patient's safety is one of the main objective in healthcare services; however medical errors are a prevalent potential occurrence for the patients in treatment systems. Medical errors lead to an increase in mortality rate of the patients and challenges such as prolonging of the inpatient period in the hospitals and increased cost. Controlling the medical errors is very important, because these errors besides being costly, threaten the patient's safety. AIM: To evaluate the attitudes of nurses and midwives toward the causes and rates of medical errors reporting...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511204/-current-immunization-status-of-d%C3%A3-sseldorf-s-nursery-school-children-and-staff-members-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Delbar Dilmaghani, Michael Schäfer, Renate Bredahl, Klaus Göbels
Background The local health authority (Gesundheitsamt) in Düsseldorf, Germany aimed to investigate the current immunization status of nursery school children and pedagogues in Düsseldorf, Germany. Furthermore, analysing the association between Düsseldorf's 5 social environment clusters and immunization status was of interest. Especially due to recent changes in the German Infection Protection Act closely monitoring adverse immunization trends becomes increasingly important. Methods Weighted cluster random sampling was used in order to draw a sample of 50 nursery schools from the 5 social environment clusters...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504080/expected-p-values-in-light-of-an-roc-curve-analysis-applied-to-optimal-multiple-testing-procedures
#17
Albert Vexler, Jihnhee Yu, Yang Zhao, Alan D Hutson, Gregory Gurevich
Many statistical studies report p-values for inferential purposes. In several scenarios, the stochastic aspect of p-values is neglected, which may contribute to drawing wrong conclusions in real data experiments. The stochastic nature of p-values makes their use to examine the performance of given testing procedures or associations between investigated factors to be difficult. We turn our focus on the modern statistical literature to address the expected p-value (EPV) as a measure of the performance of decision-making rules...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503268/the-roles-of-men-in-family-planning-a-study-of-married-men-at-the-ukm-primary-care-clinic
#18
Jes Ling, S F Tong
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, family planning initiatives were concentrated on women despite it being a family matter. As family dynamics evolved over the years, fathers' involvement in family planning has become crucial in enhancing the family well-being. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the role played by men in family planning activities and the association of socio-economic characteristics with these roles. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in a university primary care clinic...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493817/the-relationship-between-anxiety-depression-and-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents
#19
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Nasim Bahrami, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Kelly A Allen, Sepideh Mohammadi
Aim Adolescence is a developmental period often associated with high-risk behaviors. While some risk-taking behavior is considered normative in adolescents, research has indicated an association between risky behaviors and mental ill-health. The current research aimed to examine the relationship between anxiety and depression with the occurrence of high-risk behaviors in adolescents and also determine the predictive factors of these main variables. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design was used to collect data from 399 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 19 residing in Qazvin, Iran using the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) and the Iranian Adolescents Risk-taking Scale (IARS) between the period of October and November 2015...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491914/exploring-the-housing-needs-of-older-people-in-standard-and-sheltered-social-housing
#20
Siobhan Fox, Lorna Kenny, Mary Rose Day, Cathal O'Connell, Joe Finnerty, Suzanne Timmons
Objective: Our home can have a major impact on our physical and mental health; this is particularly true for older people who may spend more time at home. Older people in social (i.e., public) housing are particularly vulnerable. Housing options for older people in social housing include standard design dwellings or specially designed "sheltered housing." The most suitable housing model should be identified, with older people consulted in this process. Method: Survey of older people (aged ≥60) living in standard or sheltered social housing...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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