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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643527/supporting-occupational-therapists-implementing-a-capacity-building-model-in-schools
#1
Nancy A Pollock, Leah Dix, Sandra Sahagian Whalen, Wenonah N Campbell, Cheryl A Missiuna
BACKGROUND: Adopting a new model of clinical practice is complex. Professional development programs based on best-practice principles may facilitate this process. PURPOSE: This paper describes the development and evaluation of a multifaceted professional development program designed to support school-based occupational therapists to deliver a capacity-building model of service. METHOD: Twenty-two therapists participated in the program; completed pre-post evaluations of knowledge, skills, and beliefs; evaluated specific components of the training program; and participated in focus groups...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630086/psychosocial-therapy-for-parkinson-s-related-dementia-study-protocol-for-the-invest-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sheree A McCormick, Kathryn R McDonald, Sabina Vatter, Vasiliki Orgeta, Ellen Poliakoff, Sarah Smith, Monty A Silverdale, Bo Fu, Iracema Leroi
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI-PD) or dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterised by motor and 'non-motor' symptoms which impact on quality of life. Treatment options are generally limited to pharmacological approaches. We developed a psychosocial intervention to improve cognition, quality of life and companion burden for people with MCI-PD, PDD or DLB. Here, we describe the protocol for a single-blind randomised controlled trial to assess feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of the intervention and to evaluate treatment implementation...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622400/prevalence-of-malocclusion-and-distribution-of-occlusal-characteristics-in-13-to-18-year-old-adolescents-attending-selected-high-schools-in-the-municipality-of-san-juan-pr-2012-2013
#3
Karla Alvarado, Lydia López, Rosana Hanke, Francis Picón, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted (2012-2013) to evaluate the prevalence of 1) malocclusion and 2) occlusal characteristics in 13- to 18-yearold adolescents in San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR) from selected high schools in the municipality of San Juan. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 155 adolescents. The University of Puerto Rico's IRB approved the study and consent and assent were completed for or by each participant, as applicable. A calibrated dentist performed a single-visit dental evaluation at each school...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622103/the-t-test-an-influential-inferential-tool-in-chaplaincy-and-other-healthcare-research
#4
Katherine R B Jankowski, Kevin J Flannelly, Laura T Flannelly
The t-test developed by William S. Gosset (also known as Student's t-test and the two-sample t-test) is commonly used to compare one sample mean on a measure with another sample mean on the same measure. The outcome of the t-test is used to draw inferences about how different the samples are from each other. It is probably one of the most frequently relied upon statistics in inferential research. It is easy to use: a researcher can calculate the statistic with three simple tools: paper, pen, and a calculator...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617834/community-pharmacists-interest-in-and-attitude-to-pharmacy-practice-research-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Chernet Tafere Negesse, Yared Belete Belay
Pharmacy practice-research became an important component in the pharmacy practice. However, limited studies were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa to understand the pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research. We aimed to assess the community pharmacists' interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists in eight major cities in Ethiopia. A validated 25-item self-administered questionnaire covering interest and attitude related to pharmacy practice-research was distributed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616416/iranian-parent-staff-communication-and-parental-stress-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Marzieh Hasanpour, Mousa Alavi, Fatemeh Azizi, Heidelise Als, Amir Mohmmad Armanian
INTRODUCTION: The birth of an infant requiring hospitalization in the neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) uniformly is reported to be stressful for parents and family members. This study aimed to determine parent-staff communication in the NICU and its relationship to parent stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and three Iranian parents with preterm infants hospitalized in the NICU participated in this descriptive-correlational study. The participants were selected by the quota sampling method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611724/model-evaluation-in-generalized-structured-component-analysis-using-confirmatory-tetrad-analysis
#7
Ji Hoon Ryoo, Heungsun Hwang
Generalized structured component analysis (GSCA) is a component-based approach to structural equation modeling (SEM). GSCA regards weighted composites or components of indicators as proxies for latent variables and estimates model parameter via least squares without resorting to a distributional assumption such as multivariate normality of indicators. As with other SEM approaches, model evaluation is a crucial procedure in GSCA that is used to examine whether a hypothesized model is consistent with the data in hand...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608194/interactions-between-inferential-strategies-and-belief-bias
#8
Henry Markovits, Janie Brisson, Pier-Luc de Chantal, Valerie A Thompson
The dual strategy model of reasoning proposed by Verschueren, Schaeken, and d'Ydewalle (Thinking & Reasoning, 11(3), 239-278, 2005a; Memory & Cognition, 33(1), 107-119, 2005b) suggests that people can use either a statistical or a counterexample-based strategy to make deductive inferences. Subsequent studies have supported this distinction and investigated some properties of the two strategies. In the following, we examine the further hypothesis that reasoners using statistical strategies should be more vulnerable to the effects of conclusion belief...
June 12, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607894/impact-of-co-existing-vascular-headache-on-symptom-relief-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#9
Shilpa Chandrashekarappa, Sandeep Shetty, T Shivaram Shetty, Amjad Khan, Parijat Joshi
Vascular headache and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are diseases that share similar symptoms and demographics, including headache, facial pain and nasal symptoms. Contribution of chronic sinusitis as a cause of chronic headache is controversial, as there are scarce studies to know incidence of vascular headache in patients with CRS. To evaluate incidence of vascular headache in patients with CRS. Using descriptive study design, group of 100 patients with symptoms of CRS with headache were included in study. Patients underwent surgical management and 3% managed medically...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#10
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605164/quality-of-work-life-nurses-intention-to-leave-the-profession-and-nurses-leaving-the-profession-a-one-year-prospective-survey
#11
Ya-Wen Lee, Yu-Tzu Dai, Mei Yeh Chang, Yue-Cune Chang, Kaiping Grace Yao, Mei-Chun Liu
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among quality of work life, nurses' intention to leave the profession, and nurses leaving the profession. DESIGN: A prospective study design was used. METHODS: Participants were 1,283 hospital nurses with a purposive sampling in Taiwan. The self-reported questionnaire consisted of three questionnaires: the Chinese version of the Quality of Nursing Work Life scale, an intention-to-leave profession questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604325/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-gunshot-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-in-south-africa
#12
Conran Joseph
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) caused by assault present a unique challenge facing the healthcare system, in that very little is known about how these injuries manifest compared with other causes of injury. Understanding the nuances of gunshot SCIs could contribute towards better care provision. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of gunshot SCI and compare both injury characteristics and outcomes between gunshot SCI and all other traumatic causes taken together...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600363/a-self-efficacy-education-programme-on-foot-self-care-behaviour-among-older-patients-with-diabetes-in-a-public-long-term-care-institution-malaysia-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#13
Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Sazlina Shariff Ghazali, Mohd Hanafi Azman Ong
OBJECTIVE: A pilot self-efficacy education programme was conducted to assess the feasibility, acceptability and potential impact of the self-efficacy education programme on improving foot self-care behaviour among older patients with diabetes in a public long-term care institution. METHOD: A prequasi-experimental and postquasi-experimental study was conducted in a public long-term care institution in Selangor, Malaysia. Patients with diabetes aged 60 years and above who fulfilled the selection criteria were invited to participate in this programme...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599762/co-teaching-exploring-an-alternative-for-integrated-curriculum
#14
Sadhana Sharma, Ravikirti, Asgar Ali, Roshan Takhelmayum, Mala Mahto, Rathish Nair
PURPOSE: Currently, the curriculum of medical education is compartmentalized which makes achieving the expected outcome, a real challenge. Co-teaching, an existing concept in education, however, may be used in medical education for integrating the applied component while basic concepts are being taught. The hypothesis, "can co-teaching be an alternate for an integrated curriculum?" was explored in this study. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the outcomes of co-teaching with the existing teaching methodology owing to the absence of integrated curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598802/factors-contributing-to-intentional-injuries-in-iranian-university-students
#15
Kobra Abedian Kasgary, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background Intentional injuries refer to injuries resulting from purposeful human action, whether directed at oneself or others. This study was performed to assess intentional injuries in Iranian university students. Methods This cross-sectional study was carried out with 430 female and male university in three higher education institutions located in the northern part of Iran in the year 2015. Samples were chosen through the stratified cluster random sampling method. They were requested to fill out the demographic data form and the Persian version of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595646/evaluation-of-obstetricians-surgical-decision-making-in-the-management-of-uterine-rupture
#16
Justus Ndulue Eze, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Osaheni Lucky Lawani, Emmanuel Okechukwu Ndukwe, Uzoma Maryrose Agwu, Johnson Akuma Obuna
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is an obstetric calamity with surgery as its management mainstay. Uterine repair without tubal ligation leaves a uterus that is more prone to repeat rupture while uterine repair with bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) or (sub)total hysterectomy predispose survivors to psychosocial problems like marital disharmony. This study aims to evaluate obstetricians' perspectives on surgical decision making in managing uterine rupture. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of obstetricians at the 46th annual scientific conference of Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics of Nigeria in 2012...
June 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591190/statistical-methods-used-in-the-public-health-literature-and-implications-for-training-of-public-health-professionals
#17
Matthew J Hayat, Amanda Powell, Tessa Johnson, Betsy L Cadwell
Statistical literacy and knowledge is needed to read and understand the public health literature. The purpose of this study was to quantify basic and advanced statistical methods used in public health research. We randomly sampled 216 published articles from seven top tier general public health journals. Studies were reviewed by two readers and a standardized data collection form completed for each article. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and frequency distributions. Results were summarized for statistical methods used in the literature, including descriptive and inferential statistics, modeling, advanced statistical techniques, and statistical software used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589658/introduction-of-a-drug-detection-dog-programme-in-mental-health-inpatient-units-a-mixed-methods-study-of-consumer-staff-and-carers-perceptions
#18
Samantha M McEvedy, Trentham Furness, Brian McKenna
Many consumers admitted to mental health inpatient units also use illicit drugs, and some continue to do so while receiving treatment. In an attempt to curb the impact of illicit drug use, one of Australia's largest mental health services introduced a programme of drug-detection dog (DDD) searches. Our aim was to evaluate perceptions of the DDD programme among mental health consumers, staff, and carers. A mixed-methods research design using a concurrent triangulation approach was adopted, involving three focus group discussions with consumer, staff, and carer groups, and a structured survey among 94 consumers who were receiving treatment and 102 staff working in the units at the time of a DDD visit...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587649/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-standardised-medical-care-for-adults-with-dissociative-non-epileptic-seizures-codes-statistical-and-economic-analysis-plan-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Emily J Robinson, Laura H Goldstein, Paul McCrone, Iain Perdue, Trudie Chalder, John D C Mellers, Mark P Richardson, Joanna Murray, Markus Reuber, Nick Medford, Jon Stone, Alan Carson, Sabine Landau
BACKGROUND: Dissociative seizures (DSs), also called psychogenic non-epileptic seizures, are a distressing and disabling problem for many patients in neurological settings with high and often unnecessary economic costs. The COgnitive behavioural therapy versus standardised medical care for adults with Dissociative non-Epileptic Seizures (CODES) trial is an evaluation of a specifically tailored psychological intervention with the aims of reducing seizure frequency and severity and improving psychological well-being in adults with DS...
June 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585796/-impact-of-13-valent-pneumococal-conjugate-polysaccharide-vaccination-in-exacerbations-rate-of-copd-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obstruction
#20
J M Figueira-Gonçalves, N Bethencourt-Martín, L I Pérez-Méndez, D Díaz-Pérez, C Guzmán-Sáenz, P Viña-Manrique, A J Pedrero-García
OBJECTIVE: One of the major microorganisms described as the cause of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is Streptococcus pneumoniae. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate polysaccharide vaccine (PCV13) in COPD patients with regard to the development of exacerbations and the possible differential effect according to the patient's phenotype. METHODS: Prospective observational study of patients with COPD and FEV1 ≤ 65% and 18-month follow-up...
June 6, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
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