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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935195/the-dimensionalities-of-lesion-deficit-mapping
#1
Tianbo Xu, Ashwani Jha, Parashkev Nachev
Lesion-deficit mapping remains the most powerful method for localising function in the human brain. As the highest court of appeal where competing theories of cerebral function conflict, it ought to be held to the most stringent inferential standards. Though at first sight elegantly transferable, the mass-univariate statistical framework popularized by functional imaging is demonstrably ill-suited to the task, both theoretically and empirically. The critical difficulty lies with the handling of the data's intrinsically high dimensionality...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932294/aspirin-induced-gastric-lesions-alters-egfr-and-pecam-1-immunoreactivity-in-wistar-rats-modulatory-action-of-flavonoid-fraction-of-musa-paradisiaca
#2
Margaret Olutayo Alese, Stephen Olarinde Adewole, Kemi Feyisayo Akinwunmi, Abidemi Emmanuel Omonisi, Oluwole Ojo Alese
AIM: In this study, Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor and Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 were localised to investigate the healing effects of a flavonoid-rich fraction of M. paradisiaca fruit in the gastric corpus of Wistar rats following aspirin-induced gastric lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mature, unripe fruits of M. paradisiaca were peeled; air dried, pulverised, extracted with 70% methanol, concentrated and partitioned. Ninety male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 6 groups of 15 rats each...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929637/the-public-awareness-of-stillbirth-an-irish-population-study
#3
D Nuzum, S Meaney, K O'Donoghue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the general population's awareness of stillbirth. DESIGN: A cross sectional telephone population survey. SETTING: A nationally representative sample of the Irish adult population. SAMPLE: 999 members of the Irish population selected by random digit dialling. METHODS: Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the odds of identifying risk factors for stillbirth...
September 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927464/cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-and-associated-factors-among-women-of-ugrachandi-nala-kavre-nepal
#4
Radha Acharya Pandey, Era Karmacharya
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer in Nepal ranks as the first most frequent cancer among women. Primary prevention measures, such as prophylactic vaccines against high risk HPV, are now available. Over time, vaccination will decrease the prevalence of the disease among younger women; however, screening will still be needed. The objective of the study was to assess the cervical cancer screening behavior and its associated factors among women of Nala Village Development Committee (VDC), Kavre...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926981/antibiofilm-activity-and-mechanism-of-action-of-the-disinfectant-chloramine-t-on-candida-spp-and-its-toxicity-against-human-cells
#5
Gabriela Lacet Silva Ferreira, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Larissa Rangel Peixoto, Ana Luiza Alves de Lima Pérez, Fabíola Galbiatti de Carvalho Carlo, Lúcio Roberto Cançado Castellano, Jefferson Muniz de Lima, Irlan Almeida Freires, Edeltrudes de Oliveira Lima, Ricardo Dias de Castro
We evaluated the antifungal and anti-biofilm activity, mechanism of action and cytotoxicity of chloramine T trihydrate (CAT) against Candida spp. The Minimum Inhibitory and Fungicidal Concentrations (MIC/MFC) of CAT were determined. Changes in CAT-treated C. albicans growth kinetics and micromorphology were evaluated, as well as the mechanism of action, and its effects on biofilm. Cytotoxicity was assessed by the hemolysis method. The data were analyzed by inferential statistics (p ≤ 0.05). CAT showed antifungal activity against all strains, with MIC values ranging between 1...
September 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924287/study-designs-use-of-statistical-tests-and-statistical-analysis-software-choice-in-2015-results-from-two-pakistani-monthly-medline-indexed-journals
#6
Masood Ali Shaikh
Assessment of research articles in terms of study designs used, statistical tests applied and the use of statistical analysis programmes help determine research activity profile and trends in the country. In this descriptive study, all original articles published by Journal of Pakistan Medical Association (JPMA) and Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), in the year 2015 were reviewed in terms of study designs used, application of statistical tests, and the use of statistical analysis programmes...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922580/accuracy-of-the-defining-characteristics-of-the-nursing-diagnosis-hypothermia-in-newborns
#7
Wislla Ketlly Menezes de Aquino, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Viviane Martins da Silva, Nathaly Bianka Moraes Fróes, Angélica Paixão de Menezes, Aline de Aquino Peres Almeida, Bianca Alves Sobreira
PURPOSE: To analyze the accuracy of the defining characteristics of hypothermia in newborns and to verify associations between defining characteristics and clinical variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional accuracy study with statistical analysis. FINDINGS: Slow capillary refill, decrease in ventilation, peripheral vasoconstriction, and insufficient weight gain were the defining characteristics with the highest specificity values, while slow gastric emptying, skin cool to touch, irritability, and bradycardia were the defining characteristics with the highest values for both sensitivity and specificity...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916779/statistical-modeling-of-the-default-mode-brain-network-reveals-a-segregated-highway-structure
#8
Paul E Stillman, James D Wilson, Matthew J Denny, Bruce A Desmarais, Shankar Bhamidi, Skyler J Cranmer, Zhong-Lin Lu
We investigate the functional organization of the Default Mode Network (DMN) - an important subnetwork within the brain associated with a wide range of higher-order cognitive functions. While past work has shown the whole-brain network of functional connectivity follows small-world organizational principles, subnetwork structure is less well understood. Current statistical tools, however, are not suited to quantifying the operating characteristics of functional networks as they often require threshold censoring of information and do not allow for inferential testing of the role that local processes play in determining network structure...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904536/relationship-between-differentiation-of-self-and-attitude-towards-physician-nurse-relationship-in-hospitals-isfahan-iran
#9
SeyedMeysam Jafary, Mousa Alavi, Alireza Irajpour, Tayebeh Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: Attitude towards physician-nurse relationship is fundamental to achieve health care quality. Such attitude maybe determined by some personality traits such as differentiation of self. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between differentiation of self and attitude to professional physician-nurse relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in three hospitals in Isfahan in 2015. The study included all nurses and physicians...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894555/information-management-in-iranian-maternal-mortality-surveillance-system
#10
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Afsaneh Karimi, Leila Erfannia
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is preventable by proper information management and is the main target of the Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (MMSS). AIM: This study aimed to determine the status of information management in the Iranian Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (IMMSS). METHODS: The population of this descriptive and analytical study, which was conducted in 2016, included 96 administrative staff of health and treatment deputies of universities of medical sciences and the Ministry of Health in Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893021/prediction-of-the-dimensions-of-the-spiritual-well-being-of-students-at-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences-iran-the-roles-of-demographic-variables
#11
Arash Ziapour, Alireza Khatony, Faranak Jafari, Neda Kianipour
INTRODUCTION: Spiritual well-being is one of the aspects of well-being which organize the physical, psychological, and social aspects. Given the outstanding and unique roles of students in society, providing spiritual well-being as well as identifying and eliminating the negative factors affecting their mental well-being are of the essence. AIM: The present study aimed to predict the dimensions of the spiritual well-being of students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and to investigate the roles of demographic variables in this respect...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888490/type-2-diabetes-in-canadian-aboriginal-adolescents-risk-factors-and-prevalence
#12
Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Krista Trinder
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors and prevalence rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among northern Canadian Aboriginal adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this novel exploratory, quantitative study, 160 high school students (aged 13-21) from three northern, predominantly Canadian Aboriginal communities were screened for risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes including demographic data, family medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883767/the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-nurses-toward-management-of-hospital-acquired-infections-in-the-university-clinical-center-of-kosovo
#13
Abdullah Gruda, Idriz Sopjani
BACKGROUND: Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) are called those infections that were not present at the time of patient' hospitalization in a hospital or other medical institutions and have been acquired after hospitalization. AIM: The aim of this paper was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of nurses about preventing the spread and management of HAIs at University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK). METHODS: The questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection in 6 clinics of UCCK during the November-December 2016...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879676/understanding-mcp-mod-dose-finding-as-a-method-based-on-linear-regression
#14
Neal Thomas
MCP-MOD is a testing and model selection approach for clinical dose finding studies. During testing, contrasts of dose group means are derived from candidate dose response models. A multiple-comparison procedure is applied that controls the alpha level for the family of null hypotheses associated with the contrasts. Provided at least one contrast is significant, a corresponding set of "good" candidate models is identified. The model generating the most significant contrast is typically selected. There have been numerous publications on the method...
September 6, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878870/determinants-of-knowledge-and-safety-practices-of-occupational-hazards-of-textile-dye-workers-in-sokoto-nigeria-a-descriptive-analytic-study
#15
Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Mansur Oche, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Hashim Bala Abdulmulmuni, Godwin Jiya Gana, Jessica Timane Ango, Ismail Raji
Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877625/bricks-and-mortar-and-patient-safety-culture
#16
Susan Brandis, Stephanie Schleimer, John Rice
Purpose Building a new hospital requires a major investment in capital infrastructure. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of bricks-and-mortar on patient safety culture before and two years after the move of a large tertiary hospital to a greenfield site. The difference in patient safety perceptions between clinical and non-clinical staff is also explored. Design/methodology/approach This research uses data collected from the same workforce across two time periods (2013 and 2015) in a large Australian healthcare service...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876639/altered-metabolic-pathways-in-chronic-pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cancer
#17
G P Candy, T Little, L Chungho, J A O Omoshoro-Jones, J Devar, M B Brand, M D Smith
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating diagnosis for any patient as it is associated with a high mortality rate, and has few therapeutic interventions that prolong survival as compared to other cancers. Frequent epidemiological reports on PDAC are available in the developed countries, but in South Africa there is paucity of epidemiological data of this aggressive cancer. Understanding risk factors will help to assess and develop relevant interventions. Knowing the potential factors associated with it will provide information for improved screening and management of potentially curable patients...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868094/pressure-ulcer-risk-evaluation-in-critical-patients-clinical-and-social-characteristics
#18
Mônica Suêla de Azevedo Macena, Rayanne Suely da Costa Silva, Maria Isabel Da Conceição Dias Fernandes, Ana Beatriz de Almeida Medeiros, Kadyjina Daiane Batista Lúcio, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lira
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers increase hospital stays and treatment costs due to their complications. Therefore, recognizing factors that contribute to pressure ulcer risk are important to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the scores of the Waterlow, Braden, and Norton scales and clinical and social characteristics in critically ill patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 78 patients in an adult intensive care unit of a university hospital in Northeastern Brazil was conducted from July to December 2015...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865462/who-benefits-from-free-institutional-delivery-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-north-central-and-southwestern-nigeria
#19
Anthony I Ajayi, Wilson Akpan
BACKGROUND: The reasons for low utilisation of maternal health services in settings where the user-fee removal policy has been implemented continue to generate scholarly debates. Evidence of whether user-fee removal benefits the poor women in underserved settings is scanty and inconsistent. This article examines use of maternal health care services in the context of free maternal healthcare and profiles the beneficiaries of user-fee removal. METHODS: The study adopted a descriptive design...
September 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858971/effect-of-family-based-education-on-the-quality-of-life-of-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Hossein Ebrahimi, Zahra Ashrafi, Daryadokht Masroor Rudsari, Zohreh Parsayekta, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, a disease with increasing prevalence, requires comprehensive support from family members to ensure that sufferers are able to perform daily activities. The chronic nature of diabetes and its potential side effects impose high financial costs on patients and families, reduce their quality of life (QOL), and change the lifestyle of both patients and their families. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a family-based training program on QOL in persons with Type 2 diabetes...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
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