keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Humanitarian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731403/safe-and-sustainable-the-extracranial-approach-toward-frontoethmoidal-meningoencephalocele-repair
#1
Paul I Heidekrueger, Myat Thu, Wolfgang Mühlbauer, Charlotte Holm-Mühlbauer, Philippe Schucht, Hans Anderl, Heinrich Schoeneich, Kyawzwa Aung, Mg Mg Ag, Ag Thu Soe Myint, Sabrina Juran, Thiha Aung, Denis Ehrl, Milomir Ninkovic, P Niclas Broer
OBJECTIVE Although rare, frontoethmoidal meningoencephaloceles continue to pose a challenge to neurosurgeons and plastic reconstructive surgeons. Especially when faced with limited infrastructure and resources, establishing reliable and safe surgical techniques is of paramount importance. The authors present a case series in order to evaluate a previously proposed concise approach for meningoencephalocele repair, with a focus on sustainability of internationally driven surgical efforts. METHODS Between 2001 and 2016, a total of 246 patients with frontoethmoidal meningoencephaloceles were treated using a 1-stage extracranial approach by a single surgeon in the Department of Neurosurgery of the Yangon General Hospital in Yangon, Myanmar, initially assisted by European surgeons...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731006/fifth-dr-ida-s-scudder-humanitarian-oration
#2
K Srinath Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730536/effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-robotic-gastric-neurostimulator-placement-in-patients-with-refractory-gastroparesis
#3
Mia Mowzoon, Francisco Igor B Macedo, Jaskiran Kaur, Ramachandra Kolachalam
Gastric neurostimulation (GNS) with Enterra(®) therapy device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) appears as the last resort for patients with refractory gastroparesis. Currently, the device has Humanitarian Use status by Food and Drug Administration, thereby requiring further investigation. We aim to describe its feasibility and clinical outcomes using robotic technique. From June 2014 to September 2016, 15 consecutive patients underwent robotic insertion of Enterra(®) device. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and clinical outcomes including mortality, length of stay, readmission rates, reoperation and complications were retrospectively collected...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730398/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-resettled-in-an-italian-catchment-area
#4
Michela Nosè, Giulia Turrini, Maria Imoli, Francesca Ballette, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Francesca Cucchi, Chiara Padoan, Mirella Ruggeri, Corrado Barbui
In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1 year were screened for psychological distress and psychiatric disorders using validated questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729592/refugees-addressing-the-burden-of-oral-disease-through-prevention
#5
K Zaheer, S Sheikh, O U Khalid, Z Rizvi
In February 2017 a cohort of dental students travelled to Athens, Greece where they assisted in providing dental care to refugees and conducted oral hygiene workshops in Skaramagas Refugee camp. With respect to patient presentation, caries was found to be extremely prevalent due to patient diet, accessibility to care and oral hygiene practices. Due to the extensive nature of the work, time constraints and resource availability focus was directed on reducing disease burden through prevention. This article explores the challenges of delivering preventative treatment as well as its advantage over conventional therapeutic care in the context of a humanitarian crisis...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#6
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#7
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722621/health-care-access-during-the-ebola-virus-epidemic-in-liberia
#8
Patricia A McQuilkin, Kanagasabai Udhayashankar, Michelle Niescierenko, Louise Maranda
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic, which began in West Africa in December 2013, claimed more than 11,000 lives, with more than 4,800 of these deaths occurring in Liberia. The epidemic had an additional effect of paralyzing the health-care systems in affected countries, which led to even greater mortality and morbidity. Little is known about the impact that the epidemic had on the provision of basic health care. During the period from March to May 2015, we undertook a nationwide, community-based survey to learn more about health-care access during the EVD epidemic in Liberia...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#9
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716879/international-issues-teleneurology-in-humanitarian-crises-lessons-from-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#10
Altaf Saadi, Farrah J Mateen
Humanitarian emergencies defined by armed conflict, political strife, famine, or natural disaster can devastate populations rapidly. Neurologic disorders accompany these complex humanitarian emergencies but often go unheeded, exacerbated by a scarcity of neurologists. Teleneurology offers the promise of neurologic care remotely in the face of this inadequate local clinician supply. We describe our experiences as voluntary neurology teleconsultants with Médecins Sans Frontières in order to highlight both the promises and challenges of teleneurology in humanitarian contexts...
July 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712116/multi-century-tree-ring-precipitation-record-reveals-increasing-frequency-of-extreme-dry-events-in-the-upper-blue-nile-river-catchment
#11
Mulugeta Mokria, Aster Gebrekirstos, Abrham Abiyu, Meine Van Noordwijk, Achim Bräuning
Climate-related environmental and humanitarian crisis are important challenges in the Great Horn of Africa (GHA). In the absence of long-term past climate records in the region, tree-rings are valuable climate proxies, reflecting past climate variations and complementing climate records prior to the instrumental era. We established annually resolved multi-century tree-ring chronology from Juniperus procera trees in northern Ethiopia; the longest series yet for the GHA. The chronology correlates significantly with wet-season (r = 0...
July 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707099/maternal-health-care-utilization-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-and-jordan
#12
Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Ann Burton, Shannon Doocy
Purpose The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon over the last 5 years presents an immense burden to national health systems. This study was undertaken to assess utilization of maternal health services among Syrian refugees in both countries. Description A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees living in urban and rural (non-camp) settings was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent of surveyed households in Lebanon and 88% of surveyed households in Jordan included women with a live birth in the last year...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700612/assessing-development-assistance-for-child-survival-between-2000-and-2014-a-multi-sectoral-perspective
#13
Chunling Lu, Annie Chu, Zhihui Li, Jian Shen, Subu Subramanian, Kenneth Hill
BACKGROUND: The majority of Countdown countries did not reach the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 4) on reducing child mortality, despite the fact that donor funding to the health sector has drastically increased. When tracking aid invested in child survival, previous studies have exclusively focused on aid targeting reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). We take a multi-sectoral approach and extend the estimation to the four sectors that determine child survival: health (RMNCH and non-RMNCH), education, water and sanitation, and food and humanitarian assistance (Food/HA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698062/the-clandestine-multiple-graves-in-malaysia-the-first-mass-identification-operation-of-human-skeletal-remains
#14
Mohd Suhani Mohd Noor, Lay See Khoo, Wan Zafirah Zamaliana Alias, Ahmad Hafizam Hasmi, Mohamad Azaini Ibrahim, Mohd Shah Mahmood
The first ever mass identification operation of skeletal remains conducted for the clandestine graves in Malaysia consisted of 165 individuals unearthed from 28 human trafficking transit camps located in Wang Kelian, along the Thai-Malaysia border. A DVI response was triggered in which expert teams comprising of pathologists, anthropologists, odontologists, radiologists and DNA experts were gathered at the identified operation centre. The Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Alor Star, Kedah, located approximately 75km away from Wang Kelian, was temporarily converted into a victim identification centre (VIC) as it is the nearest available forensic facility to the mass grave site...
May 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#15
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683834/the-refani-s-study-protocol-a-non-randomised-cluster-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-role-of-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-a-non-food-item-kit-and-free-piped-water-in-reducing-the-risk-of-acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-living-in-camps-for
#16
Mohamed Jelle, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Sarah King, Cassy L Cox, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Joanna Morrison, Timothy Colbourn, Edward Fottrell, Andrew J Seal
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of acute malnutrition is often high in emergency-affected populations and is associated with elevated mortality risk and long-term health consequences. Increasingly, cash transfer programmes (CTP) are used instead of direct food aid as a nutritional intervention, but there is sparse evidence on their nutritional impact. We aim to understand whether CTP reduces acute malnutrition and its known risk factors. METHODS/DESIGN: A non-randomised, cluster-controlled trial will assess the impact of an unconditional cash transfer of US$84 per month for 5 months, a single non-food items kit, and free piped water on the risk of acute malnutrition in children, aged 6-59 months...
July 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682192/a-systematic-review-of-literature-on-effectiveness-of-training-in-emergency-risk-communication
#17
Ann Neville Miller, Timothy Sellnow, Lindsay Neuberger, Andrew Todd, Rebecca Freihaut, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage
Although disaster preparedness training is regularly conducted for a range of health-related professions, little evidence-based guidance is available about how best to actually develop capacity in staff for conducting emergency risk communication. This article presents results of a systematic review undertaken to inform the development of World Health Organization guidelines for risk communication during public health and humanitarian emergencies. A total of 6,720 articles were screened, with 24 articles identified for final analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678066/hearing-health-access-in-developing-countries
#18
Michael S Harris, Edward E Dodson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The developing world carries a disproportionate burden of hearing loss. Individuals with hearing loss in austere settings worldwide are also potentially impacted by their impairment to a greater extent owing to underdeveloped or nonexistent hearing health infrastructure. The purpose of this review is to examine the state of the literature on hearing health access in developing countries and identify areas for improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last 10 years progress has been made in some areas, whereas other aspects of hearing health in developing countries have changed very little...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670790/informing-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programming-in-humanitarian-emergencies-an-evidence-map-of-reviews-including-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
REVIEW
Claudine Prudhon, Prisca Benelli, Ali Maclaine, Paige Harrigan, Jacqueline Frize
Around 200 million people were affected by conflict and natural disasters in 2015. Whereas those populations are at a particular high risk of death, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices could prevent almost 20% of deaths amongst children less than 5 years old. Yet, coverage of interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in emergencies is low, partly due to lack of evidence. Considering the paucity of data generated in emergencies to inform programming, we conducted an evidence map from reviews that included low- and middle-income countries and looked at several interventions: (a) social and behavioural change interpersonal and mass communication for promoting breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding; (b) provision of donated complementary food; (c) home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powder; (d) capacity building; (e) cash transfers; (f) agricultural or fresh food supply interventions; and (g) psychological support to caretakers...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659166/familiar-ethical-issues-amplified-how-members-of-research-ethics-committees-describe-ethical-distinctions-between-disaster-and-non-disaster-research
#20
Catherine M Tansey, James Anderson, Renaud F Boulanger, Lisa Eckenwiler, John Pringle, Lisa Schwartz, Matthew Hunt
BACKGROUND: The conduct of research in settings affected by disasters such as hurricanes, floods and earthquakes is challenging, particularly when infrastructures and resources were already limited pre-disaster. However, since post-disaster research is essential to the improvement of the humanitarian response, it is important that adequate research ethics oversight be available. METHODS: We aim to answer the following questions: 1) what do research ethics committee (REC) members who have reviewed research protocols to be conducted following disasters in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) perceive as the key ethical concerns associated with disaster research?, and 2) in what ways do REC members understand these concerns to be distinct from those arising in research conducted in non-crisis situations? This qualitative study was developed using interpretative description methodology; 15 interviews were conducted with REC members...
June 28, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
keyword
keyword
3748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"