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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219456/an-electronic-competency-based-evaluation-tool-for-assessing-humanitarian-competencies-in-a-simulated-exercise
#1
Andrea B Evans, Jennifer M Hulme, Peter Nugus, Hilarie H Cranmer, Melanie Coutu, Kirsten Johnson
METHODS: The evaluation tool was first derived from the formerly Consortium of British Humanitarian Agencies' (CBHA; United Kingdom), now "Start Network's," Core Humanitarian Competency Framework and formatted in an electronic data capture tool that allowed for offline evaluation. During a 3-day humanitarian simulation event, participants in teams of eight to 10 were evaluated individually at multiple injects by trained evaluators. Participants were assessed on five competencies and a global rating scale...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215808/urea-stabilisation-and-concentration-for-urine-diverting-dry-toilets-urine-dehydration-in-ash
#2
Jenna Senecal, Björn Vinnerås
Human excreta contain the same nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N-P-K) as the fertilisers used to produce the food consumed. However, human excreta are considered unwanted waste throughout the world, creating humanitarian and environmental problems. In order to replace the nutrients removed from fields during crop harvesting, more fertilisers are manufactured, in processes contributing to environmental changes at global level. The limitation of human urine as a fertiliser is its low nutrient concentration compared with commercial fertilisers...
February 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205214/the-reliability-of-facial-recognition-of-deceased-persons-on-photographs
#3
Zuzana Caplova, Zuzana Obertova, Daniele M Gibelli, Debora Mazzarelli, Tony Fracasso, Peter Vanezis, Chiarella Sforza, Cristina Cattaneo
In humanitarian emergencies, such as the current deceased migrants in the Mediterranean, antemortem documentation needed for identification may be limited. The use of visual identification has been previously reported in cases of mass disasters such as Thai tsunami. This pilot study explores the ability of observers to match unfamiliar faces of living and dead persons and whether facial morphology can be used for identification. A questionnaire was given to 41 students and five professionals in the field of forensic identification with the task to choose whether a facial photograph corresponds to one of the five photographs in a lineup and to identify the most useful features used for recognition...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205080/assessment-of-cu-zn-edta-parenteral-toxicity-in-calves
#4
Luis Emilio Fazzio, Diana Esther Rosa, Sebastian Julio Picco, Guillermo Alberto Mattioli
Copper (Cu) parenteral administration is used in a beef cow-calf operations to prevent or correct Cu deficiency in bovines. At present, Zinc (Zn) salts have been incorporated to complement Cu antioxidant effect. A risk of hepatotoxicity generated by overdose is a negative consequence of injectable Cu application. Cu-Zn EDTA appears as an alternative; however, data about its toxicity is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess toxicity risk of different doses of Cu-Zn EDTA in calves. Thirty two Aberdeen Angus calves of 162 (±20) kg BW were assigned to 4 groups (n = 8), homogeneous in weight, sex, and age...
February 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193883/correction-for-slovic-et-al-iconic-photographs-and-the-ebb-and-flow-of-empathic-response-to-humanitarian-disasters
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190377/collaborative-approach-to-the-creation-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-on-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#6
Kimberly A Thompson, Amrish Krishnan, Charles Stehman, Steven Hanling, Kevin Casey
Early creation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) decreases morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and is the standard of care in the United States. However, this procedure is frequently not accessible in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We present the first reported case of successful AVF creation as part of a humanitarian assistance mission. The patient was a 51-year-old male with diabetes, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis via a temporary dialysis catheter...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185514/the-truth-behind-the-headlines
#7
Amanda Burston
As A&E attendances rise, the British Red Cross has declared a 'humanitarian crisis'.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178433/the-legacy-of-thomas-hodgkin-is-still-relevant-150-years-after-his-death-nothing-of-humanity-was-foreign-to-him
#8
Eldad J Dann
Current leading figures in medical science usually focus on very specific topics and use cutting-edge technologies to broaden our knowledge in the field. The working environment of the nineteenth century was very different. Medical giants of that time such as Rudolph Virchow and Thomas Hodgkin had a wide-ranging scope of research and humanitarian interests and made enormous contributions to a variety of core areas of medicine and the well-being of mankind. The year 2016 marked the 150th anniversary of the death of Dr Thomas Hodgkin...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177106/vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-immunization-during-humanitarian-emergencies-challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#9
EDITORIAL
N Teleb, R Hajjeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167227/public-private-partnership-model-to-provide-humanitarian-services-in-developing-countries
#10
Rahul M Jindal, Thakor G Patel, Stephen G Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164686/medical-resource-preparation-and-allocation-for-humanitarian-assistance-based-on-module-organization
#11
Min Zhu, Ruxue Chen, Shaobo Zhong, Yangming Qian, Quanyi Huang
BACKGROUND: This research aims to associate the allocation of medical resources with the function of the modular organization and the possible needs for humanitarian assistance missions. METHODS: The overseas humanitarian medical assistance mission, which was sent after a disaster on the hospital ship Peace Ark, part of China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy, was considered as study model. The cases used for clustering and matching sample formation were randomly selected from the existing information related to Peace Ark's mission...
February 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162783/understanding-deployment-from-the-perspective-of%C3%A2-those%C3%A2-who-have-served
#12
Bonnie Mowinski Jennings, Kristal C Melvin, Donna L Belew
BACKGROUND: The term deployment is used by the military to describe sending troops to carry out a combat, peacekeeping, or humanitarian mission. PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis was to illustrate the variations around combat deployment experiences. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive methodology was used to examine data from 17 members of the U.S. military who deployed at least once to a combat zone after the September 11, 2001 attacks. DISCUSSION: No two deployments were the same between individuals or within individuals if they deployed more than once...
December 18, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#13
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161456/moderators-of-mental-health-of-humanitarian-migrants
#14
Chesmal Siriwardhana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161455/pre-migration-and-post-migration-factors-associated-with-mental-health-in-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-and-the-moderation-effect-of-post-migration-stressors-findings-from-the-first-wave-data-of-the-bnla-cohort-study
#15
Wen Chen, Brian J Hall, Li Ling, Andre Mn Renzaho
BACKGROUND: The process of becoming a humanitarian migrant is potentially damaging to mental health. We examined the association between pre-migration and post-migration potentially traumatic events and stressors and mental health, and assessed the moderating effect of post-migration stressors in humanitarian migrants in Australia. METHODS: In this study, we used the first wave of data between 2013 and 2014 from the Building a New Life in Australia survey. The survey included 2399 migrants who had arrived in Australia holding a permanent humanitarian visa 3-6 months preceding the survey, with 77% and 23% of participants being granted visas through offshore and onshore humanitarian programmes, respectively...
February 1, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155816/crisis-affected-populations-and-tuberculosis
#16
Dominik Zenner
By definition, humanitarian crises can severely affect human health, directly through violence or indirectly through breakdown of infrastructure or lack of provision for basic human needs, such as safe shelter, food, clean water, and suitable clothing. After the initial phase, these indirect effects are the most important determinants of morbidity and mortality in humanitarian emergencies, and infectious diseases are among the most significant causes of ill health. Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in humanitarian emergencies varies depending on a number of factors, including the country background epidemiology, but will be elevated compared with precrisis levels...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149793/our-experience-with-smartphone-and-spherical-lens-for-the-eye-fundus-examination-during-humanitarian-project-in-africa
#17
Alena Furdova, Adriana Furdova, Vladimir Krcmery
To present the experience of eye fundus photo documentation by using the plus 20 diopters spherical Volk lens and a smartphone with 4.2 Mpix camera and LED flash within the screening project of eye disorders in countries where the standard ophthalmology equipment is not available. Totally 241 patients underwent ophthalmology screening examination. The documentation of the eye fundus included patients with Burkitt lymphoma, Kala Azar, malnutrition with unknown etiology, tuberculosis, HIV positive patients, Usher syndrome and hypertension...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149239/the-instructional-value-of-international-surgical-volunteerism-from-a-resident-s-perspective
#18
I Tocco-Tussardi, S Boccella, F Bassetto
The aim of this article is to document the experience of the author who volunteered as a resident for 6 months at a districtlevel hospital in central Kenya. Peculiarities emerging from the report are: specificity of the experience to plastic reconstructive surgery; highly complex reconstructive procedures performed under direct supervision of a qualified mentor; exposure to diverse approaches through collaboration with different volunteer plastic surgeons; enhancement of long-term surveillance; and opportunity to expand surgical knowledge outside one's field of specialty...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148443/-the-health-of-migrants-at-the-greece-macedonia-border
#19
REVIEW
Raphaël Moutamalle
At the border between Greece and Macedonia, a transit camp for refugees is turning into a permanent camp. The management of the health emergency is assured by international teams from several humanitarian organisations, including the French Red Cross. The organisation of the care team, the cultural differences and the lack of resources are just some of the factors to be considered.
August 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143602/rubella-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-case-control-study
#20
Cristina Caroça, Vera Vicente, Paula Campelo, Maria Chasqueira, Helena Caria, Susana Silva, Paulo Paixão, João Paço
BACKGROUND: Rubella infection can affect several organs and cause birth defects that are responsible for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Congenital hearing loss is the most common symptom of this syndrome, occurring in approximately 60% of CRS cases. Worldwide, over 100 000 babies are born with CRS every year. There is no specific treatment for rubella, but the disease is preventable by vaccination. Since 1969, the rubella vaccine has been implemented in many countries, but in Africa, only a few countries routinely immunize against rubella...
February 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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