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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431699/denton-a-cooley-august-22-1920-to-november-18-2016
#1
Charles D Fraser
The world lost a medical trailblazer and inspirational humanitarian with the passing of Denton A. Cooley on November 18, 2016. The 28th president of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Cooley was an icon of the astounding progress of cardiovascular medicine in the 20th century and a visionary pioneer who shaped modern surgery.
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429462/kinship-nomadism-and-humanitarian-aid-among-somalis-in-ethiopia
#2
Lauren Carruth
This paper draws on extended ethnographic and health policy research in eastern Ethiopia to reconsider kinship and nomadism among Somalis, as both of these cultural features transform in the contexts of recurrent humanitarian crises and episodic relief operations. The emergence and importance of new patterns of travel and migration among Somalis in Ethiopia reveal significant changes in the configurations and enactments of Somali kinship, on which many Somalis' mobility depends. Conversely, an analysis of Somalis' dynamic sub-clan groupings and geographically dispersed kinship networks also highlights emergent patterns of mobility and migration that enable access to training opportunities and employment with relief organisations, as well as to distributions of humanitarian aid...
April 21, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427481/triage-and-the-lost-art-of-decoding-vital-signs-restoring-physiologically-based-triage-skills-in-complex-humanitarian-emergencies
#3
Frederick M Burkle
Triage management remains a major challenge, especially in resource-poor settings such as war, complex humanitarian emergencies, and public health emergencies in developing countries. In triage it is often the disruption of physiology, not anatomy, that is critical, supporting triage methodology based on clinician-assessed physiological parameters as well as anatomy and mechanism of injury. In recent times, too many clinicians from developed countries have deployed to humanitarian emergencies without the physical exam skills needed to assess patients without the benefit of remotely fed electronic monitoring, laboratory, and imaging studies...
April 21, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426446/providing-anesthesia-in-resource-limited-settings
#4
Lena E Dohlman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the reality of anesthetic resource constraints in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding these limitations is important to volunteers from high-income countries who desire to teach or safely provide anesthesia services in these countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently published information on the state of anesthetic resources in LMICs is helping to guide humanitarian outreach efforts from high-income countries. The importance of using context-appropriate anesthesia standards and equipment is now emphasized...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426308/humanitarian-needs-among-displaced-and-female-headed-households-in-government-controlled-areas-of-syria
#5
Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles
OBJECTIVES: To identify unmet needs and assistance priorities of displaced and female-headed households in government-controlled areas of Syria. METHODS: In mid-2016, we undertook a survey of accessible areas, largely urban and government-controlled, to identify unmet needs and assistance priorities. We used a cluster design with probability sampling to attain a final sample of 2405 households from 10 of 14 governorates; 31 of 65 (47.7%) districts were included that are home to 38...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425000/medical-care-screening-and-regularization-of-sub-saharan-irregular-migrants-affected-by-hepatitis-b-in-france-and-italy
#6
Cecilia Santilli
Both in France and in Italy hepatitis B is present mostly among the migrant population coming from sub-Saharan Africa and mainly among those migrants having a poor socio-economic background. This article is aimed at assaying the impact of public policies adopted by France and Italy for migrants' health on the treatment of migrants with HBV. The article is based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 30 immigrant adults taken into care by two associations dealing with medical, psychological and social issues of immigrants applying for a residence permit, mainly asylum seekers...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422614/electronic-follow-up-of-developing-world-cleft-patients-a-digital-dream
#7
Tom W M Walker, Ambika Chadha, William Rodgers, Caroline Mills, Peter Ayliffe
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential access to telemedicine follow-up of children with clefts operated on a humanitarian mission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of parents of children presenting to a humanitarian cleft lip and palate mission in a Provincial Hospital in the Philippines. A purpose designed questionnaire was used to assess access to electronic and digital resources that could be used to aid follow-up. Forty-five (N = 45) parents of children having primary cleft lip and or palate surgery participated...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422014/palliative-care-in-humanitarian-crises-always-something-to-offer
#8
Richard A Powell, Lisa Schwartz, Elysée Nouvet, Brett Sutton, Mila Petrova, Joan Marston, Daniel Munday, Lukas Radbruch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#9
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402469/health-system-functionality-in-a-low-income-country-in-the-midst-of-conflict-the-case-of-yemen
#10
Naseeb Qirbi, Sharif A Ismail
Background:  Although the literature on effects of armed conflict on population health is extensive, detailed assessments of effects on public health 'systems' are few. This article aims to help address this deficit through the medium of a case study on Yemen, describing health system and health outcome performance prior to the internationalisation of the conflict there in March 2015, before assessing the impact of war on health system functionality since that time. Method : Review of peer- and non-peer reviewed literature from 2005 to 2016 from academic sources, multilateral organizations, donors and governmental and non-governmental organizations, augmented by secondary data analysis...
April 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396693/prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-access-to-health-care-and-medications-among-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#11
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and medications. This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: The study covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392589/restoring-christ-centered-medicine-through-public-policy-changes-centered-around-subsidiarity-and-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#12
Charles A Donovan, Grace-Marie Turner
Many Catholic leaders supported passage of legislation designed to achieve the humanitarian goal of universal or near-universal health coverage. These leaders could not imagine that the resulting law would lead to a severe assault on the practice of Christ-centered medicine. The legislative focus now is on conscience protection and making the Hyde Amendment permanent. But the real change that is needed is a culture that values life and puts doctors and patients, not secular bureaucracies, at the center of healthcare decisions...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383373/obstetrics-and-gynecology-resident-interest-and-participation-in-global-health
#13
Amy R Stagg, May Hsieh Blanchard, Sandra A Carson, Herbert B Peterson, Erica B Flynn, Tony Ogburn
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate obstetrics and gynecology resident interest and participation in global health experiences and elucidate factors associated with resident expectation for involvement. METHODS: A voluntary, anonymous survey was administered to U.S. obstetrics and gynecology residents before the 2015 Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology in-training examination. The 23-item survey gathered demographic data and queried resident interest and participation in global health...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376108/disclosure-bias-for-group-versus-individual-reporting-of-violence-amongst-conflict-affected-adolescent-girls-in-drc-and-ethiopia
#14
Lindsay Stark, Marni Sommer, Kathryn Davis, Khudejha Asghar, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Gizman Abdela, Sophie Tanner, Kathryn Falb
Methodologies to measure gender-based violence (GBV) have received inadequate attention, especially in humanitarian contexts where vulnerabilities to violence are exacerbated. This paper compares the results from individual audio computer-assisted self-administered (ACASI) survey interviews with results from participatory social mapping activities, employed with the same sample in two different post-conflict contexts. Eighty-seven internally displaced adolescent girls from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 78 Sudanese girls living in Ethiopian refugee camps were interviewed using the two methodologies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374728/-characteristic-of-the-normal-values-of-the-pain-threshold-values-in-the-dorsal-region-of-the-young-women-obtained-by-the-pressure-algometry-method-under-different-condition
#15
P V Kondrashkin, D Z Shibkova, E I Tolstykh
The application of modern techniques for different types of massage and manual therapy is associated with the exposure of the paravetrebral points. The knowledge of pain threshold values at these points is of great practical significance. AIM: The objective of the present study was to obtain the statistical characteristics of the individual pressure pain threshold (PPT) for the healthy women and patients presenting with minor disturbances of spinal motion segments (SMS) at the trigger points on the back...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374428/ethical-considerations-of-triage-following-natural-disasters-the-idf-experience-in-haiti-as-a-case-study
#16
Efrat Ram-Tiktin
Natural disasters in populated areas may result in massive casualties and extensive destruction of infrastructure. Humanitarian aid delegations may have to cope with the complicated issue of patient prioritization under conditions of severe resource scarcity. A triage model, consisting of five principles, is proposed for the prioritization of patients, and it is argued that rational and reasonable agents would agree upon them. The Israel Defense Force's humanitarian mission to Haiti following the 2010 earthquake serves as a case study for the various considerations taken into account when designing the ethical-clinical policy of field hospitals...
April 3, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367204/effectiveness-of-media-awareness-campaigns-on-the-proportion-of-vehicles-that-give-space-to-ambulances-on-roads-an-observational-study
#17
Shiraz Shaikh, Lubna A Baig, Maciej Polkowski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The findings of the Health Care in Danger project in Karachi suggests that there is presence of behavioral negligence among vehicle operators on roads in regards to giving way to ambulances. A mass media campaign was conducted to raise people's awareness on the importance of giving way to ambulances. The main objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the campaign on increasing the proportion of vehicles that give way to ambulances. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study that was based on before and after design...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359211/emergency-food-assistance-in-northern-syria
#18
Shannon Doocy, Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Joseph Witiw, Vicki Aken
BACKGROUND: The war in Syria has left millions struggling to survive amidst violent conflict, pervasive unemployment, and food insecurity. Although international assistance funding is also at an all-time high, it is insufficient to meet the needs of conflict-affected populations, and there is increasing pressure on humanitarian stakeholders to find more efficient, effective ways to provide assistance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 3 different assistance programs (in-kind food commodities, food vouchers, and unrestricted vouchers) in Idleb Governorate of Syria from December 2014 and March 2015...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358765/introduction-of-the-american-academy-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-face-to-face-database
#19
Manoj T Abraham, Joseph J Rousso, Shirley Hu, Ryan F Brown, Augustine L Moscatello, J Charles Finn, Neha A Patel, Sameep P Kadakia, Donald Wood-Smith
The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery FACE TO FACE database was created to gather and organize patient data primarily from international humanitarian surgical mission trips, as well as local humanitarian initiatives. Similar to cloud-based Electronic Medical Records, this web-based user-generated database allows for more accurate tracking of provider and patient information and outcomes, regardless of site, and is useful when coordinating follow-up care for patients. The database is particularly useful on international mission trips as there are often different surgeons who may provide care to patients on subsequent missions, and patients who may visit more than 1 mission site...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352291/ethical-considerations-for-children-s-participation-in-data-collection-activities-during-humanitarian-emergencies-a-delphi-review
#20
Cyril Bennouna, Hani Mansourian, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: Children's right to participate in data collection during emergencies has been widely recognized by humanitarian actors. However, participation in such activities can expose children to risk. Tensions have been noted between the right to participate and other principles, such as the imperative to 'do no harm.' With little evidence to inform guidance on addressing this tension, our study sought to identify expert consensus on whether and how children participate in emergency-related data collection activities...
2017: Conflict and Health
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