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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#1
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100197/a-two-phase-approach-for-the-identification-of-refugees-with-priority-need-for-mental-health-care-in-lebanon-a-validation-study
#2
Augusto E Llosa, Mark Van Ommeren, Kavitha Kolappa, Zeina Ghantous, Renato Souza, Pierre Bastin, Andrej Slavuckij, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Time and resource efficient mental disorder screening mechanisms are not available to identify the growing number of refugees and other forcibly displaced persons in priority need for mental health care. The aim of this study was to identify efficient screening instruments and mechanisms for the detection of moderate and severe mental disorders in a refugee setting. METHODS: Lay interviewers applied a screening algorithm to detect individuals with severe distress or mental disorders in randomly selected households in a Palestinian refugee camp in Beirut, Lebanon...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098000/the-crisis-we-all-saw-coming
#3
Kevin Davies
The British Red Cross is absolutely right to talk about a humanitarian crisis in the NHS (news online, 6 January; see analysis page 12 ). This strong, emotive terminology is sadly accurate.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074038/iconic-photographs-and-the-ebb-and-flow-of-empathic-response-to-humanitarian-disasters
#4
Paul Slovic, Daniel Västfjäll, Arvid Erlandsson, Robin Gregory
The power of visual imagery is well known, enshrined in such familiar sayings as "seeing is believing" and "a picture is worth a thousand words." Iconic photos stir our emotions and transform our perspectives about life and the world in which we live. On September 2, 2015, photographs of a young Syrian child, Aylan Kurdi, lying face-down on a Turkish beach, filled the front pages of newspapers worldwide. These images brought much-needed attention to the Syrian war that had resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and created millions of refugees...
January 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069566/doctors-condemn-need-for-red-cross-to-step-in-to-aid-nhs-in-humanitarian-crisis
#5
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#6
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064522/the-impact-of-humanitarian-emergencies-on-the-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-an-evidence-based-ecological-framework
#7
Beth L Rubenstein, Lindsay Stark
Little is known about the patterns and mechanisms by which humanitarian emergencies may exacerbate violence against children. In this article, we propose using the ecological framework to examine the impact of humanitarian emergencies on interpersonal violence against children. We consider the literature that supports this framework and suggest future directions for research to fill identified gaps in the framework. The relationship between humanitarian emergencies and violence against children depends on risk factors at multiple levels, including a breakdown of child protection systems, displacement, threats to livelihoods, changing gender roles, changing household composition, overcrowded living conditions, early marriage, exposure to conflict or other emergency events, and alcohol abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059447/the-crisis-map-of-the-czech-republic-the-nationwide-deployment-of-an-ushahidi-application-for-disasters
#8
Jiří Pánek, Lukáš Marek, Vít Pászto, Jaroslav Valůch
Crisis mapping is a legitimate component of both crisis informatics and disaster risk management. It has become an effective tool for humanitarian workers, especially after the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Ushahidi is among the many mapping platforms on offer in the growing field of crisis mapping, and involves the application of crowdsourcing to create online and interactive maps of areas in turmoil. This paper presents the Crisis Map of the Czech Republic, which is the first such instrument to be deployed nationwide in Central Europe...
January 6, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051994/giant-anterior-tibial-artery-pseudoaneurysm-successfully-treated-on-the-usns-mercy
#9
Victoria S McDonald, Kimberly A Thompson, Kevin M Casey
The need for an experienced vascular surgeon in the combat setting is not questioned; however, there is a paucity of literature exploring the utility of vascular surgery during an elective humanitarian mission. We herein present a case of a post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the anterior tibial artery treated in the context of a humanitarian mission during Pacific Partnership 2015 aboard the United States Naval Ship Mercy. This case report demonstrates the necessity and unique opportunities for vascular surgeons to participate in humanitarian surgery...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051982/single-neurosurgeon-operative-experience-at-craig-joint-theater-hospital-during-the-afghanistan-surge-november-2010-to-april-2011-part-ii-humanitarian-cases
#10
John Joseph Steele
BACKGROUND: The Afghanistan Surge saw NATO troops working with their Afghan partners to remove Taliban governance and replace it with a more democratic model. As part of this endeavor, medical support for both trauma and humanitarian cases was needed. OBJECTIVE: Identify and discuss disease trends to better prepare for future combat medical treatments. METHODS: Retrospective review of operative experience from a neurosurgeon from November 2010 to April 2011...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051981/single-neurosurgeon-operative-experience-at-craig-joint-theater-hospital-during-the-afghanistan-surge-november-2010-to-april-2011-part-i-neurotrauma-cases
#11
John Joseph Steele
BACKGROUND: The Afghanistan Surge saw NATO troops working with their Afghan partners to remove Taliban governance and replace it with a more democratic model. As part of this effort, medical support for both trauma and humanitarian cases was needed. OBJECTIVE: Identify and discuss disease trends to better prepare for future combat medical care. METHODS: Retrospective review of operative experience from a single neurosurgeon from November 2010 to April 2011...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042065/civil-society-driven-drug-policy-reform-for-health-and-human-welfare-india
#12
Nandini Vallath, Tripti Tandon, Tania Pastrana, Diederik Lohman, S Asra Husain, James Cleary, Ganpati Ramanath, M R Rajagopal
The lack of adequate access to opioids in India as analgesics and for agonist therapies, forces millions to live with severe unalleviated pain, or languish with suffering associated with drug dependence. Although India is a major opium exporter, the excessively prohibitive 1985 narcotics law formulated to control harmful use of drugs, impeded the availability and access to opioids for medical and scientific purposes. Amendment of this law in 2014 established a new national regulatory framework for improved access to essential opioid analgesics...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032532/the-missing-the-martyred-and-the-disappeared-global-networks-technical-intensification-and-the-end-of-human-rights-genetics
#13
Lindsay A Smith
In 1984, a group of Argentine students, trained by US academics, formed the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team to apply the latest scientific techniques to the excavation of mass graves and identification of the dead, and to work toward transitional justice. This inaugurated a new era in global forensic science, as groups of scientists in the Global South worked outside of and often against local governments to document war crimes in post-conflict settings. After 2001, however, with the inauguration of the war on terror following the September 11(th) attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, global forensic science was again remade through US and European investment to increase preparedness in the face of potential terrorist attacks...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031301/social-mobilization-and-community-engagement-central-to-the-ebola-response-in-west-africa-lessons-for-future-public-health-emergencies
#14
Amaya M Gillespie, Rafael Obregon, Rania El Asawi, Catherine Richey, Erma Manoncourt, Kshiitij Joshi, Savita Naqvi, Ade Pouye, Naqibullah Safi, Ketan Chitnis, Sabeeha Quereshi
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern regarding the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in July 2014, UNICEF was asked to co-lead, in coordination with WHO and the ministries of health of affected countries, the communication and social mobilization component-which UNICEF refers to as communication for development (C4D)-of the Ebola response. For the first time in an emergency setting, C4D was formally incorporated into each country's national response, alongside more typical components such as supplies and logistics, surveillance, and clinical care...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030941/diagnostics-of-intestinal-parasites-in-light-microscopy-among-the-population-of-children-in-eastern-afghanistan
#15
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Agata Smoleń, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass
OBJECTIVES: The Afghans, living in poor socioeconomic conditions, are estimated to be a community with a high rate of intestinal parasitic infections. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and species of intestinal parasites among children's population in eastern Afghanistan and to present the methods of optimizing the techniques for identification of pathogens in light microscopy. The research was carried out as a part of humanitarian project Capacity building of health care system in Ghazni Province...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025932/thyroid-surgery-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#16
Aria Jafari, David Campbell, Bruce H Campbell, Henry Nono Ngoitsi, Titus M Sisenda, Makaya Denge, Benjamin C James, Susan R Cordes
Objective The present study reviews a series of patients who underwent thyroid surgery in Eldoret, Kenya, to demonstrate the feasibility of conducting long-term (>1 year) outcomes research in a resource-limited setting, impact on the quality of life of the recipient population, and inform future humanitarian collaborations. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary public referral hospital in Eldoret, Kenya. Subjects and Methods Twenty-one patients were enrolled during the study period...
December 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025239/off-label-use-of-medical-devices-in-children
#17
(no author information available yet)
Despite widespread therapeutic needs, the majority of medical and surgical devices used in children do not have approval or clearance from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in pediatric populations. The clinical need for devices to diagnose and treat diseases or conditions occurring in children has led to the widespread and necessary practice in pediatric medicine and surgery of using approved devices for "off-label" or "physician-directed" applications that are not included in FDA-approved labeling...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018749/focused-training-for-humanitarian-responders-in-regional-anesthesia-techniques-for-a-planned-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-disaster-setting
#18
Adam R Aluisio, Carrei Teicher, Tess Wiskel, Allysia Guy, Adam Levine
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of geophysical disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) has the potential to reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards. To date, no prospective research has evaluated the use of RA in a disaster setting. This cross-sectional study assesses knowledge translation and skill acquisition outcomes for lower extremity RA performed with and without ultrasound guidance among a cohort of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) volunteers who will function as proceduralists in a planned randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of RA for pain management in an earthquake setting...
November 16, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018747/exploring-the-role-of-ad-hoc-grassroots-organizations-providing-humanitarian-aid-on-lesvos-greece
#19
George Tjensvoll Kitching, Hanne J Haavik, Birgit J Tandstad, Muhammad Zaman, Elisabeth Darj
INTRODUCTION: Syrian refugees displaced into Turkey have attempted high-risk sea migrations to reach safer destinations in Europe, most often initially arriving on the Greek island of Lesvos. These refugees were often in need of basic humanitarian assistance that has been provided in part by a new category of ad hoc grassroots organizations (AHGOs). The aim of this study was to understand the internal and external operations of these AHGOs and their role on Lesvos. METHODS: The experiences of AHGOs were investigated through a qualitative research design utilizing semi-structured interviews with organization leaders and spokespersons...
November 17, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018025/facing-famine-somali-experiences-in-the-famine-of-2011
#20
Daniel Maxwell, Nisar Majid, Guhad Adan, Khalif Abdirahman, Jeeyon Janet Kim
In 2011-12, Somalia experienced the worst famine of the twenty- first century. Since then, research on the famine has focused almost exclusively on the external response, the reasons for the delay in the international response, and the implications for international humanitarian action in the context of the "global war on terror." This paper focuses on the internal, Somali response to the famine. Themes of diversification, mobility and flexibility are all important to understanding how people coped with the famine, but this paper focuses on the factor that seemed to determine whether and how well people survived the famine: social connectedness, the extent of the social networks of affected populations, and the ability of these networks to mobilize resources...
December 2016: Food Policy
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