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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#1
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928227/community-based-noncommunicable-disease-care-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#2
Stephen Sethi, Rebecka Jonsson, Rony Skaff, Frank Tyler
In the sixth year of the Syrian conflict, 11 million people have been displaced, including more than 1.1 million seeking refuge in Lebanon. Prior to the crisis, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 80% of all deaths in Syria, and the underlying health behaviors such as tobacco use, obesity, and physical inactivity are still prevalent among Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Humanitarian agencies initially responded to the acute health care needs of refugees by delivering services to informal settlements via mobile medical clinics...
September 19, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923610/attitudes-of-the-third-year-nursing-students-toward-organ-donation-%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#3
B Akpınar Söylemez, Y S Ordin
BACKGROUND: Health professionals can affect attitudes toward organ donation in society; therefore, priority should be given to exploration of attitudes of nursing students as important prospective members of the health profession. The goal of this study was to assess nursing students' attitudes and volunteerism toward organ donation. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 240 third-year nursing students in Turkey between February 2016 and April 2016. Purposive sampling and a cross-sectional survey were used...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916577/evaluation-of-nutrition-interventions-in-children-in-conflict-zones-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Grace J Carroll, Sonam D Lama, Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Food and nutrition insecurity becomes increasingly worse in areas affected by armed conflict. Children affected by conflict, or in war-torn settings, face a disproportionate burden of malnutrition and poor health outcomes. As noted by humanitarian response reviews, there is a need for a stronger evidence-based response to humanitarian crises. To achieve this, we systematically searched and evaluated existing nutrition interventions carried out in conflict settings that assessed their impact on children's nutrition status...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915377/midwives-%C3%A2-experiences-of-caring-for-pregnant-women-admitted-to-ebola-centres-in-sierra-leone
#5
REVIEW
Elin Erland, Bente Dahl
OBJECTIVE: to explore and describe midwives' experiences of caring for pregnant women admitted to Ebola centres in Sierra Leone. DESIGN: a qualitative interview study with an exploratory and descriptive approach. SETTING: individual semi-structured interviews with midwives who provided care for pregnant woman in eight different Ebola centres in Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak in 2014-16. PARTICIPANTS: 11 midwives, Sierra Leoneans and expatriates, who worked for three different humanitarian organisations in Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak in 2014-2016...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#6
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910487/remote-dental-surgery-as-a-medical-civilian-assistance-program-medcap-helping-iraqi-kurdish-and-u-s-forces-win-hearts-and-minds-in-the-fight-against-daesh
#7
Bryan Ferreira
Dr Ferreira discusses the work of the Humanitarian Aid and Security Forces (HASF) in providing volunteer dental services to a local Christian militia in Mosul, Iraq.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910477/humanitarian-struggle-in-burma-s-conflict-zones
#8
Moe Gyo
The Back Pack Health Worker Team (BPHWT), a community- based health organization, provides primary health care to ethnic people in conflict, remote, and internally displaced areas, in Burma (aka Myanmar), controlled by ethnic armed organizations fighting against the Burma government. Its services include both curative and preventative health care through a network of 1,425 health personnel including community health workers and village-embedded traditional birth attendants and village health workers. The BPHWT organizational and program model may prove useful to Special Operations medical actions in support of insurgent movements and conversely with a host nation's counterinsurgency strategies, which include the extension of its health services into areas that may be remote and/or inhabited by indigenous people and have insurgency potential...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903140/humanitarian-surgical-care-in-the-us-military-treatment-facilities-in-afghanistan-from-2002-to-2013
#9
Sharon R Weeks, John S Oh, Eric A Elster, Peter A Learn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900884/the-social-dimension-of-biobanking-objectives-and-challenges
#10
E V Bryzgalina, K Y Alasania, T A Varkhotov, S M Gavrilenko, E M Shkomova
The present article allows to explore, analyze and reflect on the consequences and problems posed by biobanks and attempts to prove the need of social and humanitarian support in establishing and functioning of biobanks as a new type of scientific institutions. The basis of the article is the latest publications devoted to social and humanitarian aspects of biobanking and Russian experience of the initial formation of this subject domain (before the first professional biobanks were established in Russia in the 2010-s, the only highly specialized collections of bio-samples had been registered)...
September 13, 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#11
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887764/humanitarianism-in-surgery
#12
A D Schroeder, G Campanelli, M Cavalli, R Cusick, R Fitzgibbons, A Gilbert, C Lawson, J Manion, B Matthews, W Reinpold, S Roll, L-F Telemaque, J P Wagner, D C Chen, C J Filipi
PURPOSE: Humanitarianism is by definition a moral of kindness, benevolence and sympathy extended to all human beings. In our view as surgeons working in underserved countries, humanitarianism means performing the best operation in the best possible circumstances with high income country (HIC) results and training in-country surgeons to do the same. Hernia Repair for the Underserved (HRFU), a not for profit organization, is developing a long term public health initiative for hernia surgery in Western Hemisphere countries...
September 8, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886038/diagnoses-infections-and-injuries-in-northern-syrian-children-during-the-civil-war-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Gerlant van Berlaer, Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Mohammad Al Safadi, Saad Souhil Saeed, Ronald Buyl, Michel Debacker, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
BACKGROUND: The civil war in Syria including the deliberate targeting of healthcare services resulted in a complex humanitarian emergency, seriously affecting children's health. The objectives of this study are to document diagnoses and disease categories in Northern Syrian children after four years of conflict, and to document infectious diseases and injuries in this vulnerable population. METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional observational sample study conducted in May 2015, healthcare workers registered demographics, comorbidities, and diagnoses (categorised according to the International Classification of Diseases version 10) in children visited at home and in internally displaced persons camps in four Syrian governorates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886016/twelve-month-contraceptive-continuation-among-women-initiating-short-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-in-north-kivu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#14
Sara E Casey, Amy Cannon, Benjamin Mushagalusa Balikubirhi, Jean-Bosco Muyisa, Ribka Amsalu, Maria Tsolka
CONTEXT: Despite the inclusion of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in the minimum standards of health care in humanitarian settings, access to SRH services, and especially to contraception, is often compromised in war. Very little is known about continuation and switching of contraceptive methods in these settings. An evaluation of a contraceptive services program in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was conducted to measure 12-month contraceptive continuation by type of contraceptive method (short-acting or long-acting)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#15
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884725/-ethical-aspects-of-teaching-of-nervous-diseases
#16
A A Bakhmet, I V Damulin, S V Klochkova, R V Shurupova
Ethical aspects of training of physicians are considered. The author highlights the importance of teaching the basic disciplines during the training of the neurologist. An analysis of most frequent mistakes that arise in practical activity as a consequence of overestimation of paraclinical methods of investigation, underestimation of a role of treatment that the patient receives due to other indications is presented. The formation of life attitude of the physician is the extremely important component of teaching process...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#17
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875465/measles-rubella-and-varicella-igg-seroprevalence-in-a-large-refugee-cohort-in-germany-in-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Alexandra Jablonka, Christine Happle, Martin Wetzke, Christian Dopfer, Sonja Merkesdal, Reinhold E Schmidt, Georg M N Behrens, Philipp Solbach
INTRODUCTION: The current extent of migration to the European continent is associated with exceptional humanitarian challenges. In 2015, Western Europe faced an enormous immigration of refugees with largely unknown protection status against communicable diseases. To adapt vaccination strategies, we aimed at assessing seroprevalences against three of the most relevant vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) in a large representative cohort. METHODS: IgG seroprevalences for rubella, varicella (n = 554) and measles (n = 552) were analyzed in inhabitants of a Northern German refugee camp in the summer of 2015...
September 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871660/clinical-echocardiographic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-congenital-heart-diseases-of-children-at-douala-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Félicité Kamdem, Danielle Kedy Koum, Ba Hamadou, Mélanie Yemdji, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Doualla, Diomède Noukeu, Esther Barla, Christophe Akazong, Anastase Dzudie, Henry Ngote, Yves Monkam, Sidiki Mouliom, Samuel Kingue
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases in pediatric pathologies have emerged in the recent years in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) being the most frequent. Unfortunately, their diagnosis is usually delayed, thereby increasing childhood morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: Describe the clinical, echocardiographic, and therapeutic aspects of CHDs of children at Douala General Hospital. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study over a 10-year period, from January 2006 to December 2015...
September 4, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866239/an-evaluation-of-soil-chemistry-in-human-cadaver-decomposition-islands-potential-for-estimating-postmortem-interval-pmi
#20
J P Fancher, J A Aitkenhead-Peterson, T Farris, K Mix, A P Schwab, D J Wescott, M D Hamilton
Soil samples from the Forensic Anthropology Research Facility (FARF) at Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, were analyzed for multiple soil characteristics from cadaver decomposition islands to a depth of 5centimeters (cm) from 63 human decomposition sites, as well as depths up to 15cm in a subset of 11 of the cadaver decomposition islands plus control soils. Postmortem interval (PMI) of the cadaver decomposition islands ranged from 6 to 1752 days. Some soil chemistry, including nitrate-N (NO3-N), ammonium-N (NH4-N), and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), peaked at early PMI values and their concentrations at 0-5cm returned to near control values over time likely due to translocation down the soil profile...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
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