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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332264/the-role-of-affect-and-coping-in-diabetes-self-management-in-rural-adults-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms
#1
Shannon R Miles, Tasneem Khambaty, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults with uncontrolled diabetes and moderate depressive symptoms completed the measures...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331976/concealment-of-type-1-diabetes-at-work-in-finland-a-mixed-method-study
#2
Pirjo Hakkarainen, Fehmidah Munir, Leena Moilanen, Kimmo Räsänen, Vilma Hänninen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible reasons for concealing type 1 diabetes (T1D) at work. METHODS: The main set of data came from a cross-sectional survey (response rate 49.3%), the participants of which were 688 wage earners with T1D. Concealment of T1D was measured by asking respondents have they ever during their working career hidden their diabetes from their (A) colleagues and (B) line manager. Furthermore, semistructured interviews (n=20) were conducted to obtain deeper understanding...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331051/fecal-incontinence-knowledge-attitudes-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-adults-in-korea
#3
Hee-Kyung Joh, Moo-Kyung Seong, Hyun-Jun Ahn
OBJECTIVES: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common debilitating disorder that tends to be underreported. Although low health literacy likely contributes to the underreporting, studies on FI knowledge among the general population remain scarce. We investigated how FI knowledge is associated with attitudes and help-seeking behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among community-dwelling adults undergoing national health screening in Korea. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to assess FI knowledge, attitudes, and help-seeking behaviors...
January 13, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330230/reducing-sedentary-behaviour-to-decrease-chronic-low-back-pain-the-stand-back-randomised-trial
#4
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Sophy J Perdomo, Robert J Kowalsky, Anthony Delitto, John M Jakicic
OBJECTIVE: The Stand Back study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a multicomponent intervention targeting reduced prolonged sitting and pain self-management in desk workers with chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This randomised controlled trial recruited 27 individuals with chronic LBP, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) >10% and desk jobs (sitting ≥20 hours/week). Participants were randomised within strata of ODI (>10%-<20%, ≥20%) to receive bimonthly behavioural counselling (in-person and telephone), a sit-stand desk attachment, a wrist-worn activity-prompting device and cognitive behavioural therapy for LBP self-management or control...
January 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329023/women-s-experiences-with-using-a-smartphone-app-the-pregnant-app-to-manage-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Jeanette B Skar, Lisa M Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Laura Terragni
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with controlling their blood glucose values and receiving health and nutrition information using a smartphone app (the Pregnant+ app). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study utilised the interpretative phenomenological analysis method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 participants among those participating to the randomised controlled trial...
December 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326407/-the-effects-of-smart-program-for-patients-who-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-sp-pci-on-disease-related-knowledge-health-behavior-and-quality-of-life-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jueun Lee, Haejung Lee
PURPOSE: To identify the effects of a smart program for the patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (SP-PCI) on coronary disease-related knowledge, health behaviors, and quality of life. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group with a non-synchronized design was utilized and 48 participants (experimental=22, control=26) were recruited from a university hospital in Gyeongsang area from May to December, 2016. The 12-week SP-PCI consisted of self-study of health information using smart phone applications (1/week), walking exercise (>5/week) using smart band, feedback using Kakao talk (2/week), and telephone counseling (1/week)...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326333/comet-a-multicomponent-home-based-disease-management-programme-versus-routine-care-in-severe-copd
#7
Romain Kessler, Pere Casan-Clara, Dieter Koehler, Silvia Tognella, Jose Luis Viejo, Roberto W Dal Negro, Salvador Díaz-Lobato, Karina Reissig, José Miguel Rodríguez González-Moro, Gilles Devouassoux, Jean-Michel Chavaillon, Pierre Botrus, Jean-Michel Arnal, Julio Ancochea, Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie, Carlos De Abajo, Winfried J Randerath, Andreas Bastian, Christian G Cornelissen, Georg Nilius, Joëlle B Texereau, Jean Bourbeau
The COPD Patient Management European Trial (COMET) investigated the efficacy and safety of a home-based COPD disease management intervention for severe COPD patients.The study was an international open-design clinical trial in COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in 1 s <50% of predicted value) randomised 1:1 to the disease management intervention or to the usual management practices at the study centre. The disease management intervention included a self-management programme, home telemonitoring, care coordination and medical management...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325764/self-management-model-in-the-scheduling-of-successive-appointments-in-rheumatology
#8
David Castro Corredor, José Luis Cuadra Díaz, Javier José Mateos Rodríguez, Joaquín Anino Fernández, María Dolores Mínguez Sánchez, Isabel María de Lara Simón, María Ángeles Tébar, Encarnación Añó, María Dolores Sanz, María Nieves Ballester
INTRODUCTION: The rheumatology service of Ciudad Real Hospital, located in an autonomous community of that same name that is nearly in the center of Spain, implemented a self-management model of successive appointments more than 10 years ago. Since then, the physicians of the department schedule follow-up visits for their patients depending on the disease, its course and ancillary tests. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the self-management model for successive appointments in the rheumatology service of Ciudad Real Hospital versus the model of external appointment management implemented in 8 of the hospital's 15 medical services...
January 8, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325433/mental-health-ill-health-differences-in-disease-severity-and-its-sociodemographic-biobehavioral-predictors-among-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Haidar Nadrian, Nategh Abbagolizadeh, Towhid Babazadeh, Mehran Aghemiri, Asaad Fathipour
Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to investigate mental health-ill health differences in disease severity and its sociodemographic biobehavioral predictors among patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Applying convenient sampling, 180 patients with knee OA in Tabriz, Iran, were recruited to participate in completing a three-section questionnaire (SF-12, Lequesne Algofunctional Index and Self-Management Behaviors Scale). Separate hierarchical multiple linear regressions were performed with OA severity as dependent variable: one for OA patients with positive mental health and other for OA patients with mental disorders symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323628/use-of-telehealth-as-a-new-model-for-following-intermittent-claudication-and-promoting-patient-expertise
#10
Meritxell Davins Riu, Xavier Borràs Pérez, Vicenç Artigas Raventós, Elisabet Palomera Fanegas, Mateu Serra Prat, Jesus Alós Villacrosa
BACKGROUND: A change in healthcare systems is needed, due to the increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Patient empowerment improves results in terms of patient quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction. INTRODUCTION: We have developed a telehealth program Control Telehealth Claudication Intermittent (CONTECI) for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), aimed at enhancing patient satisfaction and QoL, while improving health system efficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial of patients with PAD, at the intermittent claudication stage...
January 11, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322489/measurement-in-pediatric-epilepsy-self-management-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Gigi Smith, Avani C Modi, Erica K Johnson, Ross Shegog, Joan K Austin, Janelle L Wagner
Given the paucity of information available regarding self-management, the aims of this paper are to synthesize the literature on factors associated with and measures to assess self-management in pediatric epilepsy. INCLUSION CRITERIA: youth birth to 18 years with a seizure disorder or an epilepsy diagnosis and/or their caregivers, published 1985-2014 in English, and conducted in countries with a very high human development index. The review was conducted in 6 phases: (1) identification of bibliographical search criteria and databases; (2) abstract assessment; (3) full article review; (4) organization of final citations into categories; (5) identification of predictors, potential mediators/moderators, and outcomes associated with self-management factors and categorization of factors as influences, processes, or behaviors across individual, family, community, and health care domains; and (6) critique of self-management instrument studies...
January 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321134/efficacy-of-a-chronic-care-based-intervention-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-among-vulnerable-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Eric M Cheng, William E Cunningham, Amytis Towfighi, Nerses Sanossian, Robert J Bryg, Thomas L Anderson, Frances Barry, Susan M Douglas, Lillie Hudson, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Sylvia Beanes, Andrea S Jones, Honghu Liu, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Disparities of care among stroke survivors are well documented. Effective interventions to improve recurrent stroke preventative care in vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of components of a chronic care model-based intervention versus usual care among 404 subjects having an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack within 90 days of enrollment and receiving care within the Los Angeles public healthcare system...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320950/reclaim-the-menopause-a-pilot-study-of-an-evidence-based-menopause-course-for-symptom-management-and-resilience-building
#13
Eileen Bellot, Naomi Rouse, Myra S Hunter
Reclaim the Menopause is a community-based menopause course developed by Hands Inc. and supported by Hackney Learning Trust. The course provides evidence-based education, cognitive behaviour therapy and psychosocial support to promote menopause awareness, challenge stigma and increase self-management amongst menopausal women. Ethnicity was an important aspect of the work, as Hands Inc. was keen to reach women who might not otherwise access interventions. All course participants were Black British (as were two of the three facilitators)...
January 1, 2018: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320877/-i-m-still-me-i-m-still-here-understanding-the-person-s-sense-of-self-in-the-provision-of-self-management-support-for-people-with-progressive-neurological-long-term-conditions
#14
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Lucinda Hollinshead, Fiona Jones
PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in tailoring self-management support, but little detail is available on the relevance and impact of such approaches for people with progressive neurological conditions. The aim of this study was to draw on individuals' experiences to inform the practice of self-management support for these groups. METHOD: Community rehabilitation service users were purposively recruited and took part in in-depth qualitative interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
January 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#15
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317924/a-qualitative-exploration-of-hypertensive-patients-perception-towards-quality-use-of-medication-and-hypertension-management-at-the-community-level
#16
Ching S Tan, Mohamed A Hassali, Chin F Neoh, Fahad Saleem
Objective: This study aimed to explore hypertensive patients' perspectives on quality use of medication and issues related to hypertension management at the community level in Malaysia. Methods: Focus groups discussion was employed in this qualitative study. A total of 17 hypertensive patients were purposively recruited. Three focus group discussions with semi-structured interview were carried out at Flat Desa Wawasan, Penang. All the conversations were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316889/a-systematic-review-of-chronic-disease-management-interventions-in-primary-care
#17
Rebecca Reynolds, Sarah Dennis, Iqbal Hasan, Jan Slewa, Winnie Chen, David Tian, Sangeetha Bobba, Nicholas Zwar
BACKGROUND: Primary and community care are key settings for the effective management of long term conditions. We aimed to evaluate the pattern of health outcomes in chronic disease management interventions for adults with physical health problems implemented in primary or community care settings. METHODS: The methods were based on our previous review published in 2006. We performed database searches for articles published from 2006 to 2014 and conducted a systematic review with narrative synthesis using the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care taxonomy to classify interventions and outcomes...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316002/multidisciplinary-perspectives-application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-evaluate-a-health-coaching-initiative
#18
Judy Brook, Caroline McGraw
Long-term conditions are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Their management is founded on a combination of approaches involving government policy, better integration between health and care systems, and individual responsibility for self-care. Health coaching has emerged as an approach to encouraging individual responsibility and enhancing the self-management of long-term conditions. This paper focuses on the evaluation of a workforce initiative in a diverse and socially deprived community. The initiative sought both to improve integration between health and care services for people with long-term conditions, and equip practitioners with health coaching skills...
January 7, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315948/a-patient-specific-approach-to-developing-an-exclusion-diet-to-manage-food-allergy-in-infants-and-children
#19
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch, Merryn Netting, Rosan Meyer
Food allergy is becoming increasingly common in infants and young children. This paper set out to explain the different factors that should be taken into account during an individualized allergy consultation: Foods to avoid and degree of avoidance, suitable alternatives, self-management skills, co-and cross-reactive allergens and novel allergens alongside the role of the industry in allergen avoidance, importance of nutritional aspects of the diet and the future directions that nutritional guidance make take...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315392/redefining-diabetes-and-the-concept-of-self-management-from-a-patient-s-perspective-implications-for-disease-risk-factor-management
#20
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
January 5, 2018: Health Education Research
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