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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781919/development-of-a-community-health-worker-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-training-intervention-for-individuals-with-diabetes-and-chronic-pain
#1
Susan J Andreae, Lynn J Andreae, Andrea L Cherrington, Marquita Lewis, Ethel Johnson, Debra Clark, Monika M Safford
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) programs have the potential to improve quality of life in individuals with chronic pain and diabetes. Rural communities often lack the infrastructure necessary to implement such programs. CBT traditionally requires trained therapists, who are rarely available in these areas. An alternative may be programs delivered by community health workers (CHWs). We present an iterative developmental approach that combined program adaptation, pretesting, and CHW training processes for a CBT-based diabetes self-care program for individuals living with diabetes and chronic pain...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781555/dependence-on-others-for-oral-hygiene-and-its-association-with-hand-deformities-and-functional-impairment-in-elders-with-a-history-of-leprosy
#2
Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Talita Xavier Gonçalves, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Luísa Rodrigues de Abreu Carvalho, Fernanda Lamounier Campos, Marco Túlio de Freitas Ribeiro, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of dependence on others for oral hygiene and its association with hand deformities, frailty and dependence on others for basic activities of daily living (BADL) among elders with a history of leprosy. BACKGROUND: Dependence on others for oral hygiene has not been considered in multifunctional geriatric assessments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous elders with a history of leprosy who used complete dentures and resided in a former leprosy colony were classified as independent or partially/completely dependent on others for brushing their dentures or rinsing and for BADL, and as frail or robust...
May 21, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780639/factors-predicting-self-care-behaviors-among-low-health-literacy-hypertensive-patients-based-on-health-belief-model-in-bushehr-district-south-of-iran
#3
Azam Larki, Rahim Tahmasebi, Mahnoush Reisi
The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing adherence to self-care behaviors among low health literacy hypertensive patients based on health belief model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 hypertensive patients with low health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy were identified by S-TOFHLA. The data were collected using H-scale for assessing self-care behaviors and, HK-LS for assessing knowledge of hypertension. A researcher-made questionnaire was applied for collecting data of health belief model constructs...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780605/an-evaluation-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-psychological-outcomes-with-patients-suffering-from-chronic-pain-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-collected-through-a-health-and-well-being-academy
#4
Darren J Edwards, Craig Toutt
Co-morbid mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression and fear avoidance are often associated with chronic pain. This novel study aimed to explore the impact of osteopathic treatment on several psychological outcome measures relating to anxiety, depression, mental health and fear avoidance for a chronic pain population receiving osteopathic treatment over a 2-week period. The findings show that there were significant reductions in anxiety, pain, mental health dysfunction and improvements in self-care...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#5
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779387/-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-psoriasis-patients-in-hungary
#6
Adrienn Katalin Poór, Miklós Sárdy, Tamás Cserni, Valentin Brodszky, Péter Holló, László Gulácsi, Éva Remenyik, Andrea Szegedi, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek
INTRODUCTION: The health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with psoriasis in Hungary are understudied. AIM: To assess HRQoL in psoriasis patients, to compare HRQoL of psoriasis patients to that of the general public in Hungary and to identify predictors of HRQoL. METHOD: Between 2012 and 2016, two cross-sectional surveys were carried out among psoriasis patients at two academic dermatology departments. HRQoL was assessed by EQ-5D-3L, EQ Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778343/community-pharmacy-minor-ailment-services-in-england-pharmacy-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-factors-affecting-sustainability
#7
Hamde Nazar, Zachariah Nazar
BACKGROUND: Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sustainability potential of pharmacy minor ailment services from the perspective of community pharmacy stakeholders within the North East of England...
May 14, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777554/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-an-avatar-based-education-application-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Jintana Tongpeth, Hui Yun Du, Robyn A Clark
AIMS: To develop and evaluate an interactive, avatar-based education application, for improving patients' knowledge of, and response to, ACS symptoms. BACKGROUND: A patient's ability to recognise and respond to the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is imperative for seeking timely medical intervention. Innovative patient education interventions are needed to support patient education and patient self-care. METHODS: Participatory action research methods were used to engage consumers with cardiac and IT experts to develop an avatar-based education application...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777153/depression-and-diabetes-distress-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-australian-national-diabetes-audit-anda-2016
#9
Natalie Nanayakkara, Anthony Pease, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Natalie Wischer, Sofianos Andrikopoulos, Jane Speight, Barbora de Courten, Sophia Zoungas
This study explores the prevalence of, and factors associated with, likely depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes in a large, national sample. Australian National Diabetes Audit data were analysed from adults with type 2 diabetes attending 50 diabetes centres. The Brief Case find for Depression and Diabetes Distress Score 17 were administered to screen for likely depression and diabetes-related distress, respectively. A total of 2,552 adults with type 2 diabetes participated: (mean ± SD) age was 63 ± 13 years, diabetes duration was 12 ± 10 years, and HbA1c was 8 ± 2%...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776901/a-moderated-e-forum-for-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease-usability-study
#10
Rika Tanaka, Anita Banerjee, Jelena Surikova, Jacqueline Tracey, Ada Payne, Heather Ross, Robert Nolan
BACKGROUND: Self-care behaviors are commonly prescribed to manage both cardiovascular disease and hypertension to reduce modifiable risk factors and improve quality of life. Nevertheless, long-term adherence to self-care recommendations for cardiac patients has been problematic. In cardiac patients, moderated online forums have been found to be particularly useful in supporting maintenance of heart-healthy diet and fewer hospital visits. As such, we developed the e-Forum, a Web-based moderated forum designed to promote continued user engagement and long-term self-care adherence...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#11
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776481/reflections-on-the-emotional-hazards-of-pediatric-oncology-nursing-four-decades-of-perspectives-and-potential
#12
REVIEW
Deborah A Boyle, Nancy Jo Bush
THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES: Pediatric oncology nurses are particularly vulnerable to emotional distress. Responsible for the oversight of a child's care, these nurses sustain close interactions with multiple patients and families over time, many of whom are coping with life-limiting diagnoses. The world of pediatric oncology nurses is one where tragedy is routinely witnessed thus demanding self-care and healing across a continuum. PHENOMENON ADDRESSED: The aim of this article is to outline and review the emotional sequelae of pediatric oncology nurses' work and to suggest interventions to support well-being in light of prolonged caregiving...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775677/managing-type-2-diabetes-as-a-couple-the-influence-of-partners-beliefs-on-diabetes-distress-over-time
#13
Berry Emma, Davies Mark, Dempster Martin
AIMS: Partners and spouses have an important role in supporting healthy self-care in adults with Type 2 diabetes. While evidence has shown that the beliefs held by people with diabetes influence emotional wellbeing, little is known about the long-term impact of partners' illness beliefs on diabetes distress. METHODS: Persons with Type 2 diabetes (pwt2d) and their partners completed a questionnaire at baseline (N=75 couples) and 12 months later (N=45 couples). Measures included demographic/ clinical parameters, the Revised Illness Perception questionnaire, and the Diabetes Distress Scale...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#14
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774649/end-of-life-trajectory-of-coping-and-self-care-of-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-meta-synthesis-using-meta-ethnography
#15
Yasuko Igai
AIM: This study aimed to extract patient narratives regarding the end-of-life trajectory of their self-care and coping experiences as patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and to use meta-ethnography to discover common metaphors of their experience in order to inform the development of nursing interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive search of qualitative research using electronic databases, in English and Japanese, regarding patients with IPF, identified four articles...
May 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773942/relationship-between-diabetes-knowledge-glycemic-control-and-associated-health-conditions
#16
Emily Phillips, Rabia Rahman, Mildred Mattfeldt-Beman
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify any existing relationship between diabetes knowledge and glycemic control, as well as possible associations with patient health, among patients with type 2 diabetes. Design and Methods: This qualitative study used a validated multiple-choice test (the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test) to assess diabetes knowledge among 17 hospital patients between the ages of 18 and 75 years with type 2 diabetes and a recent (within 3 months) A1C laboratory value...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773516/lymphoedema-management-to-prevent-acute-dermatolymphangioadenitis-in-podoconiosis-in-northern-ethiopia-golbet-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Henok Negussie, Meseret Molla, Moses Ngari, James A Berkley, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Greg Fegan, Abreham Tamiru, Abebe Kelemework, Trudie Lang, Melanie J Newport, Andy McKay, Fikre Enquoselassie, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis (also known as endemic, non-filarial elephantiasis) affects about 4 million subsistence farmers in tropical Africa. Poor awareness of the condition and inadequate evidence for the efficacy of treatment mean that no government in an endemic country yet offers lymphoedema management for patients with podoconiosis. Among patients with filarial lymphoedema, trials suggest that limb care is effective in reducing the most disabling sequelae: episodes of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#19
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771220/mindful-self-hypnosis-for-self-care-an-integrative-model-and-illustrative-case-example
#20
Gary R Elkins, R Lynae Roberts, Lauren Simicich
The combination of mindfulness and self-hypnosis could provide a tool that is easily implemented by individuals who want to care for their well-being in times of high stress. Each discipline has been shown to be effective in relieving stress, and integration could further facilitate change while creating a tool that is highly accessible. There are many similarities between the two practices, such as focusing of attention and the emphasis on mind-body connection. However, important distinctions in psychological (e...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
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