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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937973/oral-and-dental-health-issues-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#1
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Israel González
Patients with mental disorders are subject to a greater number of risk factors for oral and dental disease than the general population. This is mostly caused by the side effects of the medications that they receive, lack of self-care, difficulty to access health services, a negative attitude towards healthcare providers, and patients’ lack of cooperation in dental treatments. The most common psychiatric disorders in our population are depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia...
September 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936808/impact-of-tocilizumab-monotherapy-on-clinical-and-patient-reported-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Leslie R Harrold, Ani John, George W Reed, Tmirah Haselkorn, Chitra Karki, YouFu Li, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M Kremer, Jeffrey D Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy has been proven as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical trials. However, there are limited data available regarding the effectiveness of TCZ monotherapy in real-world clinical settings in the United States. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of TCZ monotherapy on disease activity and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in a US-based observational cohort of patients with RA seen in routine clinical practice...
September 21, 2017: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936235/health-literacy-and-atrial-fibrillation-relevance-and-future-directions-for-patient-centred-care
#3
Konstantinos N Aronis, Brittany Edgar, Wendy Lin, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Jared W Magnani
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia with significant clinical outcomes, and is associated with high medical and social costs. AF is complicated for patients because of its specialised terminology, long-term adherence, symptom monitoring, referral to specialty care, array of potential interventions and potential for adversity. Health literacy is a frequently under-recognised, yet fundamental, component towards successful care in AF. Health literacy is defined as the capacity to obtain, process and understand health information, and has had markedly limited study in AF...
2017: European Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933240/long-term-follow-up-of-mind-body-medicine-practices-among-medical-school-graduates
#5
Andrew Staffaroni, Christina L Rush, Kristi D Graves, Kumudhnini Hendrix, Aviad Haramati, Nancy Harazduk
INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine the long-term use of mind-body medicine (MBM) skills after graduation from medical school. METHODS: An online survey was sent to Georgetown University School of Medicine (GUSOM) graduates who completed at least one semester of a MBM skills training course. Using a quantitative-qualitative mixed-methods approach, we assessed the personal and professional practices of graduates, and identified factors that may influence practice/training after graduation...
September 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930784/self-care-moderates-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure
#6
Jonathan P Auld, James O Mudd, Jill M Gelow, Shirin O Hiatt, Christopher S Lee
BACKGROUND: Physical symptoms and depression in heart failure (HF) are key drivers of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Heart failure self-care behaviors are believed to influence how symptoms affect HRQOL. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if HF self-care behaviors moderate the relationships between physical and depressive symptoms and HRQOL. METHODS: In a cohort of adults with moderate to advanced HF, multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate the interaction between self-care behaviors (Self-care of HF index maintenance and management scales) and physical HF symptoms (HF Somatic Perception Scale) on emotional HRQOL (emotional dimension of Minnesota Living With HF Questionnaire)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929940/a-controlled-trial-of-a-yoga-based-prevention-program-targeting-eating-disorder-risk-factors-among-middle-school-females
#7
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Kellie Talebkhah, Wendy Guyker, Emily Keddie
This study investigates outcomes of a revised version of a yoga-based, eating disorder prevention program, targeting eating disorder risk factors, among fifth grade girls (i.e., Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower [GGWB]). The program is designed to decrease eating disorder risk factors and bolster self-care and includes revisions not yet studied that extend the program to 14 weeks and enhance content addressing self-care. Efficacy was assessed using a controlled, repeated measures design...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928913/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-leiden-padua-questionnaire-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Parvin Cheraghi, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Saharnaz Nedjat
The world population is getting old rapidly; the aging population is the new phenomenon in Iran too. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the overall and subscales mean score of quality of life (QOL) based on the Leiden-Padua (LEIPAD) questionnaire among the elderly population of Iran. The major international and national databases including; Medlin, Scopus, Science Direct, SID, MagIran, IranMedex, and Irandoc was searched. All cross-sectional studies, which measured the QOL among the elderly population in Iran using the LEIPAD questionnaire, were included...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928197/impact-of-oral-self-care-on-incident-functional-disability-in-elderly-japanese-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#9
Shino Bando, Yasutake Tomata, Jun Aida, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether oral self-care (tooth brushing, regular dental visits and use of dentures) affects incident functional disability in elderly individuals with tooth loss. DESIGN: A 5.7-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ohsaki City, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 12 370 community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident functional disability (new long-term care insurance certification)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928196/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-of-skin-self-care-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Daniella Karine Souza Lima, Soraia Dornelles Schoeller, Neide da Silva Knihs, Caroline Porcelis Vargas, Adriana Dutra Tholl, Soraia Geraldo Rozza Lopes, Maria Manuela Martins, Karina Silveira de Almeida Hammerschmidt
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, increasing methodological references have been used in scientific research; these are points of support in the search for evidence, formulation and elaboration of instruments, scales, guideline and protocols. However, significant variability currently exists in scoping review conduct and reporting, thus limiting the potential of the methodology to advance research and practice about skin self-care of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to perform a scoping review protocol within the health rehabilitation context of people with SCI, focusing on skin self-care...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927235/the-effect-of-complex-interventions-on-supporting-self-care-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, W F Yeung, Katherine Chang
Background: self-care is critical to enable community-dwelling older adults to live independently. Complex interventions have emerged as a strategy to support self-care, but their effectiveness is unknown. Our objective was to review systematically their effectiveness on both positive (increased scores in self-rated health, Activities of Daily Living, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, quality of life) and negative aspects (increased incidence of falls, fear of falling, hospital and nursing home admission, increased depression score), and to determine which intervention components explain the observed effects...
September 13, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926668/examining-life-goals-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#12
Elizabeth P Howard, Kara E Louvar
Self-care and self-management programs are touted as a means to age successfully. Yet, these programs pay little regard to a critical first step-the personal goals of older adults. The capacity to self-identify goals and pursue actions toward goal achievement transcends age. An examination of life goals identified by community-dwelling, low-income older adults indicates that functional performance mechanisms are valued. Maintenance of health and increased physical activity were the two most commonly identified personal goals within a sample of 161 community-dwelling older adults residing in subsidized housing...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924245/understanding-the-factors-affecting-self-management-of-copd-from-the-perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#13
Oladapo J Ogunbayo, Sian Russell, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Eileen Kaner
Self-management is recognised as an essential criteria for the provision of high quality care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The management of COPD is usually delivered by a wide range of healthcare practitioners. This study aimed to understand the factors affecting self-management of COPD from the perspectives of the different multidisciplinary healthcare teams involved in COPD care. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants from primary care, specialist respiratory and pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) teams...
September 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923169/self-care-difficulties-and-reliance-on-support-among-vulnerable-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, Seth D Riggle, Lu Meng, Samuel D Towne, SangNam Ahn, Marcia G Ory
OBJECTIVES: Chronic conditions are pervasive among middle-aged and older adults. This study identified: (1) factors associated with participants reporting difficulties self-managing their chronic condition(s); and (2) factors associated with participants' reliance on external sources for ongoing help and support to improve their health and manage their health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected using the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey, a nationally representative telephone survey of adults aged 45 years and older with at least one chronic condition...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922294/health-professionals-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#15
Juan P Linzitto, Gladys Grance
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Palliative care professionals are frequently exposed to stressful and demanding situations in the assistance of patients and their families, therefore research related to their quality of life is a relevant topic to provide evidence on interventions oriented to professional self-care. RECENT FINDINGS: Research about professionals' quality of life is having a profuse development with core concepts being under review. SUMMARY: Currently, burnout syndrome and compassion fatigue are considered relevant determinants of professionals' quality of life...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921474/origins-of-phantom-limb-pain
#16
Damien P Kuffler
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a chronic neuropathic pain occurring in 45-85% of patients who undergo major amputations of the upper and lower extremities. Chronic pain is physically and mentally debilitating, affecting an individual's potential for self-care and the performance of daily living activities essential for personal and economic independence. In addition, chronic pain may lead to depression and feelings of hopelessness. A National Center for Biotechnology Information study found that in the USA alone, the annual cost of dealing with neuropathic pain is more than $600 billion, with an estimated 20 million people in the USA suffering this condition...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921418/coping-with-phantom-limb-pain
#17
Damien P Kuffler
Phantom limb pain is a chronic neuropathic pain that develops in 45-85% of patients who undergo major amputations of the upper and lower extremities and appears predominantly during two time frames following an amputation: the first month and later about 1 year. Although in most patients the frequency and intensity of pain diminish over time, severe pain persists in about 5-10%. It has been proposed that factors in both the peripheral and central nervous systems play major roles in triggering the development and maintenance of pain associated with extremity amputations...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920970/-mind-your-teeth-the-relationship-between-mastication-and-cognition
#18
R A F Weijenberg, S Delwel, B V Ho, C D Wierink, F Lobbezoo
Elderly persons, especially those suffering from dementia, are at great risk of suffering from oral health problems such as orofacial pain and loss of natural teeth. A possible explanation could be that the cognitive and motor impairments resulting from dementia cause a decrease in self-care and as such, a worsening of oral health. An alternative explanation is that cognition and oral health influence each other. Animal studies show that a decrease in masticatory activity, for example due to a soft diet or loss of teeth, causes memory loss and neuronal degeneration...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918817/unfinalisability-and-the-authorship-of-life-narratives-of-young-old-women-from-taiwan
#19
Jin Kuan Kok, Ming-Chin Li
This study investigates and presents the narratives of Taiwanese women who have reached the young-old stage. The narrative interview method was used for data collection from 12 Taiwanese women. After analysing the recurring themes emerging from the women's life histories, it is found that the meanings of these Taiwanese women's narratives could not be finalised according to traditional Confucian norms. These women rebelled, resisted, and resumed authorship to make changes to their lives in a patriarchal society...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918653/setting-expectations-for-successful-artificial-pancreas-hybrid-closed-loop-automated-insulin-delivery-adoption
#20
Dana Lewis
Hybrid closed loop (or automated insulin delivery systems) and artificial pancreas technology will dramatically change the quality of life for people living with diabetes. However, this technology is not a cure. Without having expectations set, patients may assume that APs will replace critical self-care behaviors. It is important for patients to understand several key things before choosing to adopt and switching to APs for diabetes management. Like any technology, APs will have a learning curve. But like switching from MDI to standard pump therapy, it is not insurmountable...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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