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Early recovery surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777492/redo-proximal-thoracic-aortic-surgery-challenges-and-controversies
#1
Athanasios Antoniou, Mohamad Bashir, Amer Harky, Carmelo Di Salvo
Reoperations on the proximal thoracic aorta represent a challenge. The mortality rate is at least three times higher than it is for the initial surgery and the complications after such procedures occur with disappointingly high frequency, leading to substantial morbidity and delayed recovery. This article aims to present the early and the late outcomes of these kinds of operations, to identify the causes for failure of the primary surgery, to underline the critical points during the perioperative management of those patients and finally to emphasize on the rapid evolution and advent of techniques over the last few years...
May 18, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772862/-effect-of-surgical-intervention-time-on-the-recovery-of-nerve-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#2
Wen-Tao Zhao, Guang-Dong Chen, Dong-Chang Xia, Pan-Pan Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different operation time for acute spinal cord injury(SCI) based on systematic review. METHODS: PubMed database, EMBASE database, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of knowledge, CBM database, VIP database, CNKI database and Wanfang database were searched from their start year up to February 2017 for relevant randomized clinical trials on the treatment of acute spinal cord injury with different intervention times. RESULTS: Four randomized clinical trials of total 156 cases were included...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764528/symptomatic-myocardial-bridging-a-frequently-occurring-coronary-variation-can-cause-severe-myocardial-ischaemia-in-affected-children-with-underlying-cardiac-conditions
#3
Alexandra Kiess, Marcel Vollroth, Farhad Bakhtiary, Hiroshi Seki, Martin Kostelka, Milan Djukic, Ingo Daehnert, Robert Wagner
Myocardial bridging is a congenital coronary artery anomaly in which the coronary artery has a partly "tunnelled" intramyocardial course. This tunnelling leads to compression of the affected vessel segment during ventricular systole. It is considered to be a benign variation of the norm in about 25% of the population caused by an aberrancy of embryologic coronary development. The bridging is also thought to cause severe cardiac conditions in a few of those affected. The series of six young patients presented here is the largest series so far to report on symptomatic myocardial bridging in children with different underlying heart diseases...
May 16, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752151/prospective-outcome-assessment-of-arthroscopic-arthrolysis-for-traumatic-and-degenerative-elbow-contracture
#4
Przemysław Lubiatowski, Marta Ślęzak, Joanna Wałecka, Maciej Bręborowicz, Leszek Romanowski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of arthroscopic elbow release for both traumatic and degenerative contractures from intraoperative recording through the recovery time until final follow-up. METHODS: The study is based on 54 consecutive patients with extrinsic elbow contracture (traumatic in 31 and degenerative in 23) treated with arthroscopic arthrolysis by a single surgeon in 2011-2015. Range of motion (ROM) and the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) were recorded preoperatively; intraoperatively; following release; and in the 1st, 3rd, 8th, 12th, and 26th weeks and at 2 years postoperatively...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750009/xen-glaucoma-treatment-system-in-the-management-of-refractory-glaucomas-a-short-review-on-trial-data-and-potential-role-in-clinical-practice
#5
REVIEW
A De Gregorio, E Pedrotti, G Stevan, A Bertoncello, S Morselli
The recent development of new devices that are significantly less invasive, collectively termed minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, offers new perspective of intraocular pressure reduction with less risk, short operating times, and rapid recovery. The aim of this work is to provide a panoramic review of the currently published clinical data to assess the potential role of XEN gel stent (Allergan PLC, Irvine, CA, USA) in the management of glaucoma, which is the only filtering minimally invasive glaucoma surgery device that allows the subconjunctival filtration...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747247/-the-impact-of-resection-of-skull-base-tumor-via-an-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-on-the-visual-function-of-vision-impaired-patients-and-the-analysis-of-factors-affecting-their-visual-recovery
#6
Z L Wang, Q H Zhang, M C Li, B Yan, T T Wei, S Y Peng, P Li, L J Cao
Objective: To evaluate the visual outcomes of patients with visual impairment after resecting skull base tumor via an endoscopic endonasal approach, and to analyze the factors affecting visual recovery. Methods: One hundred and fifty-three patients with skull base tumor who suffered from preoperative visual impairment from Skull Base Surgery Center of Xuanwu Hospital were operated through an endoscopic endonasal approach. Both preoperative and postoperative visual function outcomes as well as factors that might have affected their visual recovery were analyzed retrospectively by Chi square test and Logistic regression analysis...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747091/effect-of-herbal-medicine-daikenchuto-on-oral-and-enteral-caloric-intake-after-liver-transplantation-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Toshimi Kaido, Masahiro Shinoda, Yukihiro Inomata, Takahito Yagi, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Yasutsugu Takada, Hideki Ohdan, Tsuyoshi Shimamura, Yasuhiro Ogura, Susumu Eguchi, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Satoshi Ogata, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toshihiko Ikegami, Michio Yamamoto, Satoshi Morita, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative early oral or enteral intake is a crucial element of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol. However, normal food intake or enteral feeding cannot be started early in the presence of coexisting bowel dysfunction in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the enhancement effects of the Japanese herbal medicine Daikenchuto (DKT) on oral/enteral caloric intake in patients undergoing LT...
March 20, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744113/a-case-of-oncogenic-osteomalacia-owing-to-inguinal-tumor
#8
Luiza Tonello, Arthur Paredes Gatti, João Diedrich Neto, Uirá Fernandes Teixeira, Marcos Bertozzi Goldoni, Paulo Roberto Ott Fontes, José Artur Sampaio, Luiz Maraninchi Pereira Lima, Fábio Luiz Waechter
The oncogenic hypophosphatemic osteomalacia is a very incapacitating disease and the mortality rate, mainly due to metabolic disorder, depends on the early diagnosis, since the surgery is curative. The major difficulty is to consider this kind of disease in patients with complex clinical presentation. Moreover, medical centers have to provide a good diagnostic infrastructure because these tumors, in most cases, are small and do not have an obvious site. This case report is about a man with a rapid loss of strength and muscle mass, which had his diagnosis in a late, culminating in significant deformities and organic dysfunctions with clinical repercussions...
October 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744078/unusual-manifestation-of-vitamin-a-deficiency-presenting-with-generalized-xerosis-without-night-blindness
#9
Pariya Phanachet, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Pichika Chantrathammachart, Ploysyne Rattanakaemakorn, Kulapong Jayanama, Surat Komindr, Daruneewan Warodomwichit
Vitamin A deficiency from malabsorption syndromes, including bariatric surgery, has become an emerging problem in developed countries. Early detection and prompt treatment lead to rapid and complete recovery. Nevertheless, it may result in irreversible blindness or death if left untreated. Health care personnel should be aware of this condition.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742967/restrictive-versus-liberal-fluid-therapy-for-major-abdominal-surgery
#10
Paul S Myles, Rinaldo Bellomo, Tomas Corcoran, Andrew Forbes, Philip Peyton, David Story, Chris Christophi, Kate Leslie, Shay McGuinness, Rachael Parke, Jonathan Serpell, Matthew T V Chan, Thomas Painter, Stuart McCluskey, Gary Minto, Sophie Wallace
Background Guidelines to promote the early recovery of patients undergoing major surgery recommend a restrictive intravenous-fluid strategy for abdominal surgery. However, the supporting evidence is limited, and there is concern about impaired organ perfusion. Methods In a pragmatic, international trial, we randomly assigned 3000 patients who had an increased risk of complications while undergoing major abdominal surgery to receive a restrictive or liberal intravenous-fluid regimen during and up to 24 hours after surgery...
May 9, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742905/sequential-robotic-assisted-lung-resection-with-a-subxiphoid-utility-incision
#11
Robert D Slight, Georgios Koulaxouzidis, Sasha Stamenkovic
For the past two years, the authors have used a subxiphoid utility incision for robot-assisted lobectomies. This approach prevents unnecessary rib pressure, offers a good angle of approach to the hilum, and allows specimen retrieval with minimal resistance. Robot-assisted lung resection is an established technique that facilitates postoperative recovery by minimizing operative trauma and postoperative pain. We believe the subxiphoid utility incision further enhances recovery and facilitates early repeat surgery...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739254/curved-periacetabular-osteotomy-via-a-novel-intermuscular-approach-between-the-sartorius-and-iliac-muscles
#12
Toru Nishiwaki, Akihito Oya, Shinsuke Fukuda, Satoshi Nakamura, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Arihiko Kanaji
INTRODUCTION: Herein, we describe and evaluate a curved periacetabular osteotomy (CPO) via an intermuscular approach (IM-CPO) between the sartorius and iliac muscles. METHODS: Between January 2009 and January 2016, IM-CPO was performed in 17 joints (16 patients), and a traditional CPO was performed in 17 joints. The length of incision at wound closure, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, serum creatinine kinase (CK) level the day after surgery, correctional angle, walking ability assessed using the gait items of the Harris Hip Score (at 3 and 6 months after surgery), and perioperative complications were evaluated...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736858/clinical-trials-in-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#13
REVIEW
Jayne Donovan, Steven Kirshblum
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) results in impaired neurologic function that for many individuals is permanent and significantly impacts health, function, quality of life, and life expectancy. Many efforts have been taken to develop effective treatments for SCI; nevertheless, proven therapies targeting neurologic regeneration and functional recovery have been limited. Existing therapeutic approaches, including early surgery, strict blood pressure control, and consideration of treatment with steroids, remain debated and largely focus on mitigating secondary injury after the primary trauma has occurred...
May 7, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732387/transversus-abdominis-plane-blockade-as-part-of-a-multimodal-postoperative-analgesia-plan-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#14
Richard S Matulewicz, Mehul Patel, Brian J Jordan, Jacqueline Morano, Brendan Frainey, Yasin Bhanji, Mahreen Bux, Antoun Nader, Shilajit D Kundu, Joshua J Meeks
Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) is a morbid procedure with frequent complications that may benefit from implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol. Objective: To examine the benefits of a multimodal analgesic plan that uses continuous transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blockade as part of an ERAS protocol after RC. Methods: A retrospective comparison of consecutive patients undergoing RC over a 4-year period was conducted...
April 26, 2018: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731834/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postoperative-intestinal-perforation-in-infants-and-young-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-three-cases
#15
Yong-Hong Zhang, Zhen-Liang Chen, Lei Shi, Zhong-Jian Chen, Xiang-Yang Dong, Bo Zhai
The aim of the present study was to analyze risk factors of intestinal perforation following surgery for the treatment of congenital heart disease in infants and young children, and to summarize experiences of diagnosis and treatment. A total of 3,270 children, who underwent congenital heart disease surgery under extracorporeal circulation from January 2010 to July 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. Among these children, three (0.09%) developed postoperative intestinal perforation. Primary diseases were Tetralogy of Fallot (two cases) and ventricular septal defect combined with atrial septal defect (one case)...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723578/conventional-epidural-vs-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-with-liposomal-bupivacaine-a-randomized-trial-in-colorectal-surgery
#16
Matthew Torgeson, Joel Kileny, Christopher Pfeifer, Lawrence Narkiewicz, Shawn Obi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery is a focus of enhanced recovery protocols (ERP). The utility of Transversus Abdominis Plane block (TAP) for abdominal surgery has demonstrated effectiveness in ERP, however no direct comparison of epidural versus TAP for non-analgesic clinical factors have been published to date. The primary aim of this study was to compare epidural to TAP for length of stay (LOS) in colorectal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing open and laparoscopic colorectal surgery were prospectively randomized into epidural (n=39) or TAP (n=44) groups preoperatively...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720751/effect-site-concentration-of-propofol-at-induction-and-recovery-of-anaesthesia-a-correlative-dose-response-study
#17
Vasanth Sukumar, Arathi Radhakrishnan, Venkatesh H Keshavan
Background and Aims: Sound knowledge about effect site concentration (Ce) of propofol aids in smooth induction, maintenance and early recovery. We studied the correlation between Ce of propofol at loss of response to verbal command and recovery concentration using target-controlled infusion (TCI) in Indian patients who underwent spine surgeries. Methods: Ninety patients undergoing spine surgeries were included. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) technique with TCI for propofol using modified Marsh model was used...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720134/rupture-of-a-subungual-glomus-tumor-of-the-finger
#18
Hui Lu, Li Feng Chen, Qiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Glomus tumor is a rare benign neoplasm, which most frequently occurs in the subungual regions of digits. Tumor rupture and infection occurred in one patient with a glomus tumor have never been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 59-year-old female presented to our hospital with a five-year history of progressively sharp pain and severe tenderness in the tip of her right middle finger. The treatment was surgical excision through a lateral incision accompanied with removal of the nail...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719906/totally-laparoscopic-versus-open-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-matched-pair-analysis
#19
Kaja Ludwig, Sylke Schneider-Koriath, Uwe Scharlau, Holger Steffen, Daniela Möller, Jörn Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy has been established for treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC) especially in Eastern Asian countries. Currently, it still needs evaluation for advanced gastric cancer (AGC, T ≥ 2). Difficulty is how far Asian study data are valid for western conditions. METHODS: Out of 502 patients who underwent gastric cancer surgery between 2003 and 2016 at Klinikum Suedstadt Rostock 90 patients were selected for a retrospective study to compare totally laparoscopic D2-gastrectomy (LG, n = 45) with open D2-gastrectomy (OG, n = 45)...
April 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716711/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-myocardial-scar-and-coronary-flow-pattern-in-anomalous-origin-of-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#20
Parag Bhalgat, Abhijeet Naik, Prasanna Salvi, Nilesh Bhadane, Kshiti Shah, Bhawan Paunipagar, Suresh Joshi
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a very rare congenital heart defect characterized by myocardial ischemia and ultimately scaring. The scar burden will determine eventual recovery of left ventricular function after corrective surgery. MATERIAL METHOD: All patients with proven diagnosis of ALCAPA and who underwent treatment at present centre were included. Detail echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) (delayed Gadolinium enhancement) was performed before and after surgery...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
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