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New Zealand

Jole Mariella, Eleonora Iacono, Aliai Lanci, Barbara Merlo, Caterina Palermo, Lee Morris, Carolina Castagnetti
The umbilical cord (UC), the connection between mother and fetus via the umbilical vessels, carries nutrients and oxygenated blood to the fetus through the umbilical vein and removes deoxygenated blood and waste products via the umbilical arteries. It is designed to protect blood flow to the fetus during pregnancy. In equine medicine, only a few studies have described the UC, and most of these involved Thoroughbreds. The present study describes and compares the macroscopic features of the equine umbilical cord in three different breeds and in relation to the foal's gender...
March 7, 2018: Theriogenology
Christian U Krägeloh, Oleg N Medvedev, Erin M Hill, Craig S Webster, Roger J Booth, Marcus A Henning
Measuring competitiveness is necessary to fully understand variables affecting student learning. The 14-item Revised Competitiveness Index has become a widely used measure to assess trait competitiveness. The current study reports on a Rasch analysis to investigate the psychometric properties of the Revised Competitiveness Index and to improve its precision for international comparisons. Students were recruited from medical studies at a university in New Zealand, undergraduate health sciences courses at another New Zealand university, and a psychology undergraduate class at a university in the United States...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Joshu J Mountjoy, Jamie D Howarth, Alan R Orpin, Philip M Barnes, David A Bowden, Ashley A Rowden, Alexandre C G Schimel, Caroline Holden, Huw J Horgan, Scott D Nodder, Jason R Patton, Geoffroy Lamarche, Matthew Gerstenberger, Aaron Micallef, Arne Pallentin, Tim Kane
Although the global flux of sediment and carbon from land to the coastal ocean is well known, the volume of material that reaches the deep ocean-the ultimate sink-and the mechanisms by which it is transferred are poorly documented. Using a globally unique data set of repeat seafloor measurements and samples, we show that the moment magnitude ( M w ) 7.8 November 2016 Kaikōura earthquake (New Zealand) triggered widespread landslides in a submarine canyon, causing a powerful "canyon flushing" event and turbidity current that traveled >680 km along one of the world's longest deep-sea channels...
March 2018: Science Advances
Anna-Louise Reysenbach, John A Donaho, John F Kelley, Emily St John, Christina Turner, Mircea Podar, Matthew B Stott
A draft genome of a novel Dictyoglomus sp., NZ13-RE01, was obtained from a New Zealand hot spring enrichment culture. The 1,927,012-bp genome is similar in both size and G+C content to other Dictyoglomus spp. Like its relatives, Dictyoglomus sp. NZ13-RE01 encodes many genes involved in complex carbohydrate metabolism.
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
Xiaoliang Hua, Yujie Xu, Gang Liu, Lin Sun, Hao Zhang, Qiufeng Pan, Di Liu, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental model of anterior urethral stricture in rabbits using a bleomycin (BLM) injection technique. METHODS: Thirty adult male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups. In group 1 (BLM group), BLM was injected into the urethral submucosal tissue every other day through a catheter for 6 weeks at the 3, 6, 9, 12 o'clock positions of the urethra in 12 rabbits. In group 2 (PBS group), phosphate-buffered saline was injected instead of BLM in 6 rabbits...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Yeon Jung Kim, Rafael Rafael de Molon, Fausto Rioiti Horiguti, Guilherme Piragine Contador, Marco Antonio Coelho, Vinicius Ibiapina Mascarenhas, Ana Paula de Souza Faloni, Joni Augusto Cirelli, Wilson Roberto Sendyk
PURPOSE: The objective of this investigation was to assess vertical bone augmentation using deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) infused or not with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) in rabbit tibiae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18 female rabbits (New Zealand) received two blocks of DBBM in each tibia. The DBBM blocks were randomly assigned into four experimental groups: DBBM (only the bone graft); DBBM associated with absorbable collagen sponge (ACS); DBBM plus rhBMP-2 (1...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Danika Martyn, Maryse Darch, Ashley Roberts, Han Youl Lee, Tina Yaqiong Tian, Naoko Kaburagi, Pablo Belmar
The current review examined published data on the intake of all major low-/no-calorie sweeteners-aspartame, acesulfame-K, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate, thaumatin and steviol glycosides-globally over the last decade. The most detailed and complex exposure assessments were conducted in Europe, following a standardized approach. Japan and Korea similarly had up-to-date and regular intake data available. The data for other Asian countries, Latin America, Australia/New Zealand and global estimates, evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), while available, were shown to be more limited in terms of design...
March 15, 2018: Nutrients
De-Xin Kong, Fang Lv, Ben Hu, Li-Min Cao
Detection of triphenylmethane dyes (TDs), especially the widely used malachite green (MG) and crystal violet (CV), plays an important role in safety control of aquatic products. There are two chromatic forms of TDs: oxidized or reduced. Usually, only one form can be detected by reported ELISA antibodies. In this article, molecular shape superimposing and quantum mechanics calculation were employed to elucidate the differences between MG, CV, and their reduced chromatic forms (leucomalachite green, LMG and leucocrystal violet, LCV)...
March 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Alexandra Witze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Nature
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Andrew Bates, Rory O'Brien, Simon Liggett, Frank Griffin
BACKGROUND: Johne's disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespread; there is no treatment and there is no cure. Economic losses arise from decreased productivity through reduced growth, milk yield and fertility and capital losses due to premature culling or death. This study attempts to address the effect of subclinical JD on milk production under New Zealand pastoral dairy farming conditions using a new testing approach...
March 14, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Boaz Shulruf, Warwick Bagg, Mathew Begun, Margaret Hay, Irene Lichtwark, Allison Turnock, Emma Warnecke, Timothy J Wilkinson, Phillippa J Poole
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the efficacy of selection tools employed by medical schools for predicting the binary outcomes of completing or not completing medical training and passing or failing a key examination; to investigate the potential usefulness of selection algorithms that do not allow low scores on one tool to be compensated by higher scores on other tools. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data from four consecutive cohorts of students (3378 students, enrolled 2007-2010) in five undergraduate medical schools in Australia and New Zealand were analysed...
March 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Gin S Malhi, Tim Outhred, Grace Morris, Philip M Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Malcolm J Hopwood, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard J Porter, Ajeet B Singh, Kristina Fritz
In December 2015, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists published a comprehensive set of mood disorder clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health professionals. This guideline summary, directed broadly at primary care physicians, is an abridged version that focuses on bipolar disorder. It is intended as an aid to the management of this complex disorder for primary care physicians working in collaboration with psychiatrists to implement successful long term management...
March 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
David L Chan, Lesley Moody, Eva Segelov, David Metz, Jonathan Strosberg, Nick Pavlakis, Simron Singh
<br>Objectives: There is no consensus regarding optimal follow-up in resected GEP-NETS. We aimed to perform a practice survey to ascertain follow-up patterns by health care practitioners and highlight areas of variation that may benefit from further quantitative research. METHODS: A web-based survey targeted at NET health care providers in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States was developed by a steering committee of medical oncologists and a research methodologist...
March 14, 2018: Neuroendocrinology
Matthew Biddick, K C Burns
Conceptualizing species interactions as networks has broadened our understanding of ecological communities. However, the factors shaping interaction patterns among species, and therefore network structure, remain unclear. One potentially important factor is the matching of phenotypic traits. Here, we tested for trait matching in a bird-flower visitation network from New Zealand. We first quantified overall network structure and tested whether flower size could account for differences in the visitation rates of flowering plants...
March 14, 2018: Integrative Zoology
Janske Reiling, Elizabeth Forrest, Kim R Bridle, Laurence J Britton, Nishreen Santrampurwala, Darrell H G Crawford, Cornelis H C Dejong, Jonathan Fawcett
Background: In recent years, an increasing number of donor livers are being declined for transplantation in Australia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of donation after cardiac death and other factors associated with organ quality on liver utilization rates in Australia. Methods: Data on organ donors who donated at least 1 organ between 2005 and 2014 were obtained from the Australia and New Zealand organ donation registry. Temporal changes in donor characteristics were assessed and a logistical regression analysis was performed to evaluate their association with liver nonuse...
December 2017: Transplantation Direct
Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali, Mohd Hanafi Azman Ong
BACKGROUND: Self-care behaviour is essential in preventing diabetes foot problems. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education programs based on the self-efficacy theory on foot self-care behaviour for older adults with diabetes. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted for 12 weeks among older adults with diabetes in elderly care facility in Peninsular Malaysia. Six elderly care facility were randomly allocated by an independent person into two groups (intervention and control)...
2018: PloS One
Andreas Stang, Jürgen C Becker, Paul Nghiem, Jacques Ferlay
AIM: The aim of this article was to provide worldwide, population-based incidence rates for Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). METHODS: We included 11,576 cases from 20 countries for time trend analyses (1990-2007) and 11,028 cases (2.5 billion person-years) from 21 countries for the period 2003-2007 extracted from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents. We computed age-standardised incidence rates (World Standard population) per million person years and sex ratios of these rates...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Jason McGahan, Con Burns, Seán Lacey, Tim Gabbett, Cian O' Neill
PURPOSE: This study investigated the positional running demands of elite Gaelic football players during match-play and compared these demands with typical training activities used to prepare players for competition. METHODS: Global positioning system (GPS) data was obtained from thirty elite Gaelic football players (26.9 ± 3.5 years, 182.8 ± 6.1 cm, 84.6 ± 8.1 kg) across a full season (13 competitive games and 78 training sessions). Only players who completed the full match and respective training sessions were included (n = 107 match files and n = 1,603 training files)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Diana Lennon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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