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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531962/how-geostatistics-can-help-you-find-lead-and-galvanized-water-service-lines-the-case-of-flint-mi
#1
Pierre Goovaerts
In the aftermath of Flint drinking water crisis, most US cities have been scrambling to locate all lead service lines (LSLs) in their water supply systems. This information, which is most often inaccurate or lacking, is critical to assess compliance with the Lead and Copper Rule and to plan the replacement of lead and galvanized service lines (GSLs) as currently under way in Flint. This paper presents the first geospatial approach to predict the likelihood that a home has a LSL or GSL based on neighboring field data (i...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528809/efficacy-of-sibling-preparation-classes
#2
Emma E A Beyers-Carlson, Brenda L Volling
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of sibling preparation classes to facilitate the adjustment of a firstborn child to the birth of a sibling. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with five measurement occasions: third trimester of the mother's pregnancy and 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after the sibling's birth. SETTING: Communities in southeastern Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 241 families, including mothers, fathers, and firstborn children...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528624/root-cause-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-an-outpatient-anticoagulation-management-consortium
#3
Christopher M Graves, Brian Haymart, Eva Kline-Rogers, Geoffrey D Barnes, Linda K Perry, Denise Pluhatsch, Nannette Gearhart, Helen Gikas, Noelle Ryan, Brian Kurtz
BACKGROUND: A number of factors can lead to adverse events (AEs) in patients taking warfarin. Performing a root cause analysis (RCA) of serious AEs is one systematic way of determining the causes of these events. METHODS: Multidisciplinary teams were formed at Michigan Anticoagulation Quality Improvement Initiative (MAQI(2)) sites with organized anticoagulation management services (AMS). Medical records from patients who suffered serious AEs (major bleed, embolic stroke, venous thromboembolism) were reviewed, and AMS staff were interviewed to determine the root cause using the "5 Whys" technique...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528147/variability-and-reproducibility-of-segmental%C3%A2-longitudinal-strain-measurement-a-report-from-the-eacvi-ase-strain-standardization-task%C3%A2-force
#4
Oana Mirea, Efstathios D Pagourelias, Jurgen Duchenne, Jan Bogaert, James D Thomas, Luigi P Badano, Jens-Uwe Voigt
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared left ventricular (LV) segmental strain measurements obtained with different ultrasound machines and post-processing software packages. BACKGROUND: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) has proven to be a reproducible and valuable tool in clinical practice. Data about the reproducibility and intervendor differences of segmental strain measurements, however, are missing. METHODS: We included 63 volunteers with cardiac magnetic resonance-proven infarct scar with segmental LV function ranging from normal to severely impaired...
May 12, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526618/24-hour-urine-metabolic-differences-between-solitary-and-multiple-stone-formers-results-of-the-collaboration-on-urolithiasis-in-pediatrics-cup-working-group
#5
Theodore R Saitz, Solange Mongoue-Tchokote, Cynthia Sharadin, Dana W Giel, Sean Corbett, Larisa Kovacevic, Aaron P Bayne
INTRODUCTION: Specific factors associated with the risk of developing pediatric urinary stone disease remain unclear, especially those that may be associated with recurrent stone disease. OBJECTIVE: We compared the results of 24-h urine collections in children with a solitary stone episode to those with multiple stone episodes to determine if there is a difference that may be associated with multiple stone formation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis was completed to assess 24-h urinary metabolic profiles in children with urolithiasis aged 2-18 years old...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521617/fingerprint-based-background-checks-for-personal-care-workers-stakeholder-views-of-policy-criteria
#6
Eric D Raile, Sarah J Swierenga, Toni A Dennis, Lauren A Swanson-Aprill, Lori A Post, Fuad Abujarad
Decision makers face difficult choices when tasked with identifying and implementing appropriate mechanisms for protecting the elderly and other vulnerable adults from abuse. A pilot project involving fingerprint-based criminal history background checks for personal care workers in Michigan has supplied an opportunity to examine one such mechanism. In conjunction with the pilot project, we have conducted a stakeholder analysis with the aim of informing decision makers about stakeholder perceptions of standard policy criteria like effectiveness, efficiency, and equity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515847/pacemaker-recycling-a-notion-whose-time-has-come
#7
REVIEW
Mason W Runge, Timir S Baman, Sheldon Davis, Kevin Weatherwax, Ed Goldman, Kim A Eagle, Thomas C Crawford
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need, feasibility, safety, legality, and ethical perspectives of pacemaker reutilization in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It will also describe, in-depth, Project My Heart Your Heart (PMHYH) as a model for pacemaker reuse in LMICs. The primary source of the discussion points in this paper is a collection of 14 publications produced by the research team at the University of Michigan and its collaborative partners. The need for pacemaker reutilization in LMICs is evident...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514837/decomposing-an-urban-soundscape-to-reveal-patterns-and-drivers-of-variation-in-anthropogenic-noise
#8
Sharon A Gill, Erin E Grabarczyk, Kathleen M Baker, Koorosh Naghshineh, Maarten J Vonhof
Continuous and intermittent noise may have different effects on humans and wildlife, therefore distinguishing temporal patterns of noise and their drivers is important for policy regarding both public health and wildlife management. We visualized patterns and explored land-use drivers of continuous and high-amplitude intermittent sound pressure levels (SPLs) on an urban campus in Michigan, U.S.A. To visualize patterns of SPLs, we introduce decibel duration curves (DDCs), which show the cumulative frequency distribution of SPLs and aid in the interpretation of statistical SPLs (Ln values) that reflect continuous versus intermittent sounds...
May 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512383/effects-of-cover-crops-on-pratylenchus-penetrans-and-the-nematode-community-in-carrot-production
#9
Zane J Grabau, Zin Thu Zar Maung, D Corey Noyes, Dean G Baas, Benjamin P Werling, Daniel C Brainard, Haddish Melakeberhan
Cover cropping is a common practice in U.S. Midwest carrot production for soil conservation, and may affect soil ecology and plant-parasitic nematodes-to which carrots are very susceptible. This study assessed the impact of cover crops-oats (Avena sativa), radish (Raphanus sativus) cv. Defender, rape (Brassica napus) cv. Dwarf Essex, and a mixture of oats and radish-on plant-parasitic nematodes and soil ecology based on the nematode community in Michigan carrot production systems. Research was conducted at two field sites where cover crops were grown in Fall 2014 preceding Summer 2015 carrot production...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511630/corpus-callosotomy-for-intractable-epilepsy-revisited-the-children-s-hospital-of-michigan-series
#10
Aimee F Luat, Eishi Asano, Ajay Kumar, Harry T Chugani, Sandeep Sood
Corpus callosotomy is a palliative procedure performed to reduce the severity of drug-resistant epilepsy. The authors assessed its efficacy on different seizure types in 20 subjects (age range 5-19 years); 8 with active vagus nerve stimulator. Fifteen had complete callosotomy, 3 had anterior 2/3, and 2 had anterior 2/3 followed later by complete callosotomy. Ten had endoscopic approach. In all, 65% had ≥ 50% reduction of generalized seizures leading to falls (atonic, tonic, myoclonic); 35% became seizure-free (follow-up period: 6 months to 9 years; mean 3 years)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505162/gender-differences-in-the-transmission-of-risk-for-antisocial-behavior-problems-across-generations
#11
Pin Li, Jill B Becker, Mary M Heitzeg, Michele L McClellan, Beth Glover Reed, Robert A Zucker
Previous studies have shown that children of alcohol use disorder (AUD) parents are more likely to develop alcohol problems as well as antisocial and other behavior problems. The purpose of this study was to examine gender discordance in the effect of early maternal and paternal influences on antisocial behaviors of boys and girls, as well as the environmental factors that moderate the parental effects. Specifically, we examined the effects of childhood and adulthood antisocial behavior of the parents on offspring antisocial behavior as young adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501933/the-influence-of-mcat-and-gpa-preadmission-academic-metrics-on-interview-scores
#12
Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Thomas H Sisson, Paula T Ross, Nikki L Bibler Zaidi
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by blinding interviewers to applicants' undergraduate grade point averages (uGPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). This study examines academic and demographic predictors of interview scores for two applicant cohorts at the University of Michigan Medical School...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501122/association-of-patient-age-with-high-risk-pathologic-features-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#13
Adam C Niemann, Alexander T Reid, Joshua Smith, James Hammond, Stephanie A DeBolle, Iris Wei, Christopher Soong-Ho Lee, David T Hughes
BACKGROUND: Certain patient demographics and histopathologic features are risk factors for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) recurrence after initial treatment. Our objective was to determine whether very young age is associated with aggressive pathologic features in patients with PTC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for PTC patients who underwent surgical treatment at the University of Michigan between 2006 and 2012. Patients with known distant metastases were excluded...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500876/does-adjunctive-botulinum-toxin-a-reduce-pain-scores-when-combined-with-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-for-the-treatment-of-concomitant-temporomandibular-joint-arthralgia-and-myofascial-pain
#14
Nick Thomas, Sharon Aronovich
PURPOSE: Currently, there is no standard of care for the treatment of refractory myofascial pain and concomitant temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia. This comparative study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (Btx), as an adjunct to TMJ arthroscopy, in this patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of patients who underwent TMJ arthroscopy with (Btx group) or without (control group) intramuscular Btx for TMJ arthritis and refractory myofascial pain at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) from 2011 through 2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498844/windowed-persistent-homology-a-topological-signal-processing-algorithm-applied-to-clinical-obesity-data
#15
Craig Biwer, Amy Rothberg, Heidi IglayReger, Harm Derksen, Charles F Burant, Kayvan Najarian
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in the population of the United States, affecting roughly 2/3 of Americans. These diseases, along with their associated conditions, are a major burden on the healthcare industry in terms of both dollars spent and effort expended. Volitional weight loss is attempted by many, but weight regain is common. The ability to predict which patients will lose weight and successfully maintain the loss versus those prone to regain weight would help ease this burden by allowing clinicians the ability to skip treatments likely to be ineffective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497209/pharmacists-perspectives-of-the-current-status-of-pediatric-asthma-management-in-the-u-s-community-pharmacy-setting
#16
Amanda Elaro, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Kathleen Kraus, Karen B Farris, Smita Shah, Carol Armour, Minal R Patel
Objective To explore community pharmacists' continuing education, counseling and communication practices, attitudes and barriers in relation to pediatric asthma management. Setting Community pharmacies in Michigan, United States. Methods Between July and September 2015 a convenience sample of community pharmacists was recruited from southeastern Michigan and asked to complete a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire elucidated information on 4 general domains relating to pharmacists' pediatric asthma management including: (1) guidelines and continuing education (CE); (2) counseling and medicines; (3) communication and self-management practices; (4) attitudes and barriers to practice...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493598/bystander-cpr-is-clustered-and-associated-with-neighborhood-socioeconomic-characteristics-a-geospatial-analysis-of-kent-county-michigan
#17
Amy Uber, Richard C Sadler, Todd Chassee, Joshua C Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Geographic clustering of bystander CPR is associated with demographic and socioeconomic features of the community where out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurred, though this association remains largely untested in rural areas. With a significant rural component and relative racial homogeneity, Kent County, Michigan provides a unique setting to externally validate or identify new community features associated with bystander CPR. Using a large, countywide dataset, we tested for geographic clustering of bystander CPR, and its associations with community socioeconomic features...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492399/acute-kidney-injury-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-safe-pediatric-euglycemia-after-cardiac-surgery-trial
#18
Joshua J Blinder, Lisa A Asaro, David Wypij, David T Selewski, Michael S D Agus, Michael Gaies, Michael A Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: To understand the effect of tight glycemic control on cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Safe Pediatric Euglycemia after Cardiac Surgery trial of tight glycemic control versus standard care. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac ICUs at University of Michigan, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, and Boston Children's Hospital. PATIENTS: Children 0-36 months old undergoing congenital cardiac surgery...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486391/effect-of-surgeon-age-on-bariatric-surgery-outcomes
#19
Haley Stevens, Arthur M Carlin, Rachel Ross, Amanda Stricklen, Michael H Wood, Amir A Ghaferi
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the relationship of bariatric surgeon age and patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: Regulators, policy makers, and patient advocacy groups have recently been pushing to establish clear guidelines for physician retirement in the United States. Although it is often assumed that increasing physician age leads to worse patient outcomes, the relationship is lacking robust evidence, and is still unclear. METHODS: We conducted a study analyzing all bariatric surgeons in Michigan who participated in a statewide collaborative quality improvement program (n = 71) who performed primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, or sleeve gastrectomy operations, and data on their patients (n = 60430) over the past 10 years...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486370/maternal-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-neonatal-birth-outcomes-with-and-without-assisted-reproduction
#20
Sara Crawford, Nikhil Joshi, Sheree L Boulet, Marie A Bailey, Maria-Elena Hood, Susan E Manning, Patricia McKane, Russell S Kirby, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise J Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To explore disparities in prematurity and low birth weight (LBW) by maternal race and ethnicity among singletons conceived with and without assisted reproductive technology (ART). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using resident birth certificate data from Florida, Massachusetts, and Michigan linked with data from the National ART Surveillance System from 2000 to 2010. There were 4,568,822 live births, of which 64,834 were conceived with ART...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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