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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231634/from-endogenous-to-exogenous-pattern-formation-invasive-plant-species-changes-the-spatial-distribution-of-a-native-ant
#1
Kevin Li, Yifan He, Susanna K Campbell, A Shawn Colborn, Eliot L Jackson, Austin Martin, Ivan V Monagan, Theresa Wei Ying Ong, Ivette Perfecto
Invasive species are a significant threat to global biodiversity, but our understanding of how invasive species impact native communities across space and time remains limited. Based on observations in an old field in Southeast Michigan spanning 35 years, our study documents significant impacts of habitat change, likely driven by the invasion of the shrub, Elaeagnus umbellata, on the nest distribution patterns and population demographics of a native ant species, Formica obscuripes. Landcover change in aerial photos indicates that E...
February 23, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231032/effects-of-live-trapping-and-isoflurane-anesthesia-on-free-ranging-american-martens-martes-americana
#2
Maria C Spriggs, Lisa I Muller, Paul Keenlance, Robert L Sanders, Jill C Witt, Debra L Miller
Seventy-two free-ranging American martens ( Martes americana ) in Michigan were immobilized using isoflurane from 2011 to 2015. In total, 129 anesthetic procedures were performed with no mortalities. Hypothermia and hyperthermia were the most common anesthetic complications, and the mean rectal temperatures were significantly higher during summer than in winter. Dental abnormalities were common; the majority of abnormal findings were broken or discolored teeth attributed to previous dental trauma and were not trap-induced...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230676/rollback-of-michigan-s-motorcycle-helmet-law-results-in-more-head-injuries
#3
Lucy Wang Halpern
Helmet nonuse and intoxication increase trauma and fatalities.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228502/the-sudden-death-in-the-young-case-registry-collaborating-to-understand-and-reduce-mortality
#4
Kristin M Burns, Lauren Bienemann, Lena Camperlengo, Carri Cottengim, Theresa M Covington, Heather Dykstra, Meghan Faulkner, Rosemarie Kobau, Alexa B Erck Lambert, Heather MacLeod, Sharyn E Parks, Ellen Rosenberg, Mark W Russell, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Esther Shaw, Niu Tian, Vicky Whittemore, Jonathan R Kaltman
Knowledge gaps persist about the incidence of and risk factors for sudden death in the young (SDY). The SDY Case Registry is a collaborative effort between the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Michigan Public Health Institute. Its goals are to: (1) describe the incidence of SDY in the United States by using population-based surveillance; (2) compile data from SDY cases to create a resource of information and DNA samples for research; (3) encourage standardized approaches to investigation, autopsy, and categorization of SDY cases; (4) develop partnerships between local, state, and federal stakeholders toward a common goal of understanding and preventing SDY; and (5) support families who have lost loved ones to SDY by providing resources on bereavement and medical evaluation of surviving family members...
February 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222361/biological-and-catalytic-applications-of-green-synthesized-fluorescent-n-doped-carbon-dots-using-hylocereus-undatus
#5
Velusamy Arul, Thomas Nesakumar Jebakumar Immanuel Edison, Yong Rok Lee, Mathur Gopalakrishnan Sethuraman
In this work, a simple hydrothermal route for the synthesis of fluorescent nitrogen doped carbon dots (N-CDs) is reported. The Hylocereus undatus (H. undatus) extract and aqueous ammonia are used as carbon and nitrogen source, respectively. The optical properties of synthesized N-CDs are analyzed using UV-Visible (UV-Vis) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The surface morphology, elemental composition, crystallinity and functional groups present in the N-CDs are examined using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, respectively...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221870/bovine-leukemia-virus-and-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-are-not-associated-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-shedding-in-cattle
#6
Cristina Venegas-Vargas, Shannon D Manning, Paul M Coussens, Jonathan A Roussey, Paul Bartlett, Daniel Grooms
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a retrovirus that causes enzootic bovine leukosis in cattle, and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease in cattle. Both diseases are chronic in nature and can lead to the disruption of normal immunological or physiological processes. Cattle are the major reservoir of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), a cause of foodborne illness in humans. We tested the hypothesis that cattle infected with BLV or MAP are more likely to shed STEC...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221219/improving-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer-in-2017
#7
Sigrid V Carlsson, Monique J Roobol
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the current state of the evidence and highlight recent advances in the evaluation and diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer, focusing on biomarkers, risk calculators and multiparametric MRI (mpMRI). RECENT FINDINGS: In 2017 there are numerous options to improve early detection as compared to a purely prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based approach. All have strengths and drawbacks. In addition to repeating the PSA and performing clinical work-up (digital rectal examination and estimation of prostate volume), additional tests investigated in the initial biopsy setting are: %free PSA, Prostate Health Index, 4-kallikrein score, SelectMDx, and Michigan Prostate Score and in the repeat setting: %free PSA, Prostate Health Index, 4-kallikrein score, Prostate Cancer Antigen 3, and ConfirmMDx...
February 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215889/effects-of-a-combination-butaphosphan-and-cyanocobalamin-product-and-insulin-on-ketosis-resolution-and-milk-production
#8
J L Gordon, T F Duffield, T H Herdt, D F Kelton, L Neuder, S J LeBlanc
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of butaphosphan-cyanocobalamin (B+C), glargine insulin, and propylene glycol on resolution of ketosis and average daily milk yield after treatment. Cows from 16 herds in Ontario, Canada, and 1 herd in Michigan were tested at weekly intervals between 3 and 16 DIM. Ketosis was defined as blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) ≥1.2 mmol/L. All ketotic cows were given a baseline treatment of 3 d of 300 g of propylene glycol orally. Animals were then randomly assigned to treatment with 3 doses of either 25 mL of B+C or 25 mL of saline placebo and 1 dose of either 2 mL (200 IU) of glargine insulin or 2 mL of saline placebo in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215188/high-school-cardiac-emergency-response-plans-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young
#9
Michelle J White, Emefah C Loccoh, Monica M Goble, Sunkyung Yu, Folafoluwa O Odetola, Mark W Russell
: Introduction Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is responsible for 5%-10% of all deaths among children 5-19 years-of-age. The incidence of SCD in youth in Michigan (USA) and nationwide is higher in racial/ethnic minorities and in certain geographic areas. School cardiac emergency response plans (CERPs) increase survival after cardiac arrest. However, school cardiac emergency preparedness remains variable. Studying population-level factors associated with school cardiac emergency preparedness and incidence of SCD in the young may improve understanding of disparities in the incidence of SCD...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212194/creating-a-victim-notification-protocol-for-untested-sexual-assault-kits-an-empirically-supported-planning-framework
#10
Rebecca Campbell, Giannina Fehler-Cabral, Sheena Horsford
In cities throughout the United States, hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs) have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing. Given recent media attention and public outcry about this problem, many jurisdictions with large numbers of untested SAKs are deciding to test all previously unsubmitted SAKs, which raises complex issues regarding when and how victims ought to be notified about what has happened to the kits that were collected during their medical forensic examinations. In this project, we collaborated with one community that has had large numbers of untested SAKs-Detroit, Michigan-to develop an empirically supported planning framework for how to create a victim notification protocol...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209636/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-dietary-sodium-restriction-in-stage-3-4-ckd
#11
Rajiv Saran, Robin L Padilla, Brenda W Gillespie, Michael Heung, Scott L Hummel, Vimal Kumar Derebail, Bertram Pitt, Nathan W Levin, Fansan Zhu, Samer R Abbas, Li Liu, Peter Kotanko, Philip Klemmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often volume expanded and hypertensive. Few controlled studies have assessed the effects of a sodium-restricted diet (SRD) in CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial to evaluate the effect of SRD (target <2 g sodium per day) versus usual diet on hydration status (by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy) and blood pressure (BP) between May of 2009 and May of 2013...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204717/hepatitis-c-virus-infections-associated-with-unsafe-injection-practices-at-a-pain-management-clinic-michigan-2014-2015
#12
Joseph R Coyle, Emily Goerge, Kathryn Kacynski, Ruby Rodgers, Patricia Raines, Linda S Vail, Sugandha Lowhim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196607/development-of-a-model-web-based-system-to-support-a-statewide-quality-consortium-in-radiation-oncology
#13
Jean M Moran, Mary Feng, Lisa A Benedetti, Robin Marsh, Kent A Griffith, Martha M Matuszak, Michael Hess, Matthew McMullen, Jennifer H Fisher, Teamour Nurushev, Margaret Grubb, Stephen Gardner, Daniel Nielsen, Reshma Jagsi, James A Hayman, Lori J Pierce
PURPOSE: A database in which patient data are compiled allows analytic opportunities for continuous improvements in treatment quality and comparative effectiveness research. We describe the development of a novel, web-based system that supports the collection of complex radiation treatment planning information from centers that use diverse techniques, software, and hardware for radiation oncology care in a statewide quality collaborative, the Michigan Radiation Oncology Quality Consortium (MROQC)...
October 20, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196435/dynamic-assessment-of-the-wrist-after-total-wrist-arthroplasty
#14
H P Singh, D Bhattacharjee, J J Dias, I Trail
Our aim was to assess the outcome in patients with total wrist arthroplasty performed for end stage wrist osteoarthritis. We analysed the ranges of motion of operated and un-operated wrists using a flexible electrogoniometer during the Sollerman hand function test. We assessed grip strength with a digital dynamometer and completed patient reported outcome scores more than one year post-operatively. We reviewed 12 patients with a mean age of 64 (range 48-82) years. The flexion-extension arc was 72% and radioulnar deviation arc was 53% of the un-operated side but the total range of motion (area of circumduction) was 43% of the un-operated side and only 20% of the circumduction in age and gender-matched normal volunteers...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195813/implementing-a-method-for-evaluating-patient-reported-outcomes-associated-with-oral-oncolytic-therapy
#15
Emily Mackler, Laura Petersen, Jane Severson, Douglas W Blayney, Lydia L Benitez, Caitlin R Early, Shannon Hough, Jennifer J Griggs
INTRODUCTION: The paradigm shift in health care toward value-based reimbursement has brought emphasis to providing better quality of care to patients with chronic diseases, including patients with cancer. In accordance with providing better quality of care to patients, there has been a growing interest in evaluating quality of life through patient-reported outcomes (PROs). The revised Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS-r) is a tool that can be used to assess PROs and has been validated for use in patients with cancer...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193299/otolaryngology-outreach-to-komfo-anokye-teaching-hospital-a-medical-and-educational-partnership
#16
B Waller, R Larsen-Reindorf, M Duah, J Opoku-Buabeng, B M Edwards, D Brown, J Moyer, M Prince, G J Basura
BACKGROUND: Medical and educational partnerships between high- and low-resourced countries provide opportunities to have a long-term meaningful impact on medical training and healthcare delivery. METHODS: An otolaryngology partnership between Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, and the University of Michigan Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery has been undertaken to enhance healthcare delivery at both institutions. RESULTS: A temporal bone dissection laboratory, with the equipment to perform dedicated otological surgery, and academic platforms for clinical and medical education and residency training have been established...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192765/neurophysiological-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-major-depressive-disorder-hyperarousal-during-sleep
#17
Michael R Dolsen, Philip Cheng, J Todd Arnedt, Leslie Swanson, Melynda D Casement, Hyang Sook Kim, Jennifer R Goldschmied, Robert F Hoffmann, Roseanne Armitage, Patricia J Deldin
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health concern, and a barrier to reducing the suicide rate is the lack of objective predictors of risk. The present study considers whether quantitative sleep electroencephalography (EEG) may be a neurobiological correlate of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Participants included 84 (45 female, mean age=26.6) adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). The item that measures thoughts of death or suicide on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) was used to classify 47 participants as low suicidal ideation (24 females, mean age=26...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190665/intranasal-fentanyl-and-inhaled-nitrous-oxide-for-fracture-reduction-the-fan-observational-study
#18
J Hoeffe, E Doyon Trottier, B Bailey, D Shellshear, M Lagacé, C Sutter, G Grimard, R Cook, F E Babl
INTRODUCTION: Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) are frequently used for fracture reduction in pediatric emergency departments (ED). Combining intranasal (IN) fentanyl with inhalation of nitrous oxide (N2O) allow for short recovery time and obviates painful and time-consuming IV access insertions. METHODS: We performed a bicentric, prospective, observational cohort study. Patients aged 4-18years were included if they received combined PSA with IN fentanyl and N2O for the reduction of mildly/moderately displaced fracture or of dislocation...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187726/results-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-of-weight-gain-program-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-young-mothers-mothers-in-motion
#19
Mei-Wei Chang, Roger Brown, Susan Nitzke
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a community-based lifestyle behavioral intervention, was designed and conducted to help low-income overweight and obese young mothers prevent further weight gain via promotion of stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper presents intervention effect on body weight (primary outcome) and summarizes lessons learned. METHODS: Participants (N = 612) were recruited from 7 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) offices in Michigan and were individually randomized to an intervention n= 410) or a comparison (n =202) group (2: 1 ratio)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185329/matrine-suppresses-the-er-positive-mcf-cells-by-regulating-energy-metabolism-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-signaling-pathway
#20
Yi Xiao, Dachang Ma, Honglei Wang, Duoming Wu, Ying Chen, Kun Ji, Tao Qin, Li Wu
Matrine (C15 H24 N2 O), an alkaloid that is one of the main active components from Sophora flavescens. Matrine has been demonstrated to have therapeutic effects on various solid tumors, including breast cancer, but the mechanism still needs further study. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-positive Michigan Cancer Foundation cells were cultured, and matrine was added in various amounts to measure the dose-dependent and time-dependent cytotoxicity. Hoechst 33258 staining was used to observed nuclear morphological changes...
February 10, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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