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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352336/who-was-dr-william-c-baum
#1
REVIEW
Mitchell R Ladd, Martha A Zeiger
The first discovery of primary hyperaldosteronism secondary to an aldosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma has been credited solely to Dr. Jerome Conn, an endocrinologist at the University of Michigan and for whom, Conn syndrome was named. Dr. William Baum, a urologist at the University of Michigan, however, was instrumental in the appropriate operation and historical aldosteronoma resection. Despite Dr. Baum's important role in this discovery, he was never included as an author in any of the subsequent papers describing Conn syndrome and, few today would recognize his name...
January 19, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346533/density-of-emerald-ash-borer-coleoptera-buprestidae-adults-and-larvae-at-three-stages-of-the-invasion-wave
#2
Stephen J Burr, Deborah G McCullough, Therese M Poland
Emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding buprestid, has killed hundreds of millions of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees in the United States and two Canadian provinces. We evaluated EAB persistence in post-invasion sites and compared EAB adult captures and larval densities in 24 forested sites across an east-west gradient in southern Michigan representing the Core (post-invasion), Crest (high EAB populations), and Cusp (recently infested areas) of the EAB invasion wave...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345465/microplastic-abundance-and-composition-in-western-lake-superior-as-determined-via-microscopy-pyr-gc-ms-and-ftir
#3
Erik Hendrickson, Elizabeth C Minor, Kathryn Schreiner
While plastic pollution in marine and freshwater systems is an active area of research, there is not yet an in-depth understanding of the distributions, chemical compositions, and fates of plastics in aquatic environments. In this study, the magnitude, distribution, and common polymers of microplastic pollution in surface waters in western Lake Superior are determined. Analytical methodology, including estimates of ambient contamination during sample collection and processing, are described and employed. Microscopy, Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass spectrometry (Pyr-GC/MS), and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to quantify and identify microplastic particles...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341401/the-prediction-probabilities-for-emergence-from-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-children-a-comparison-of-the-perfusion-index-and-the-bispectral-index
#4
Pei-Pei Liu, Chi Wu, Jun-Zheng Wu, Ma-Zhong Zhang, Ji-Jian Zheng, Yang Shen, Pan He, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Predicting recovery of consciousness is one of the most essential functions of anesthesia depth monitors in anesthesia practice. Perfusion index and bispectral index are 2 indicators of the anesthesia depth monitoring with different working principles. The progression of the anesthesia emergence stages reflected by those monitors has not been well understood, especially in pediatric patients. The goals of this study were to compare the prediction probabilities of perfusion index and bispectral index in predicting awakening and in differentiating the different levels of arousal during emergence after sevoflurane anesthesia in children undergoing open inguinal hernia repairs...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336222/implementing-a-health-home-michigan-s-experience
#5
Jackie Prokop, Marie LaPres, Brad Barron, Jon Villasurda
As the number of individuals in the United States with chronic conditions and the associated costs in caring for these individuals continues to rise, there is a need to transform how health care services are delivered. Under Section 2703 of the Affordable Care Act of 2010, the federal government provides state Medicaid programs the opportunity to improve care coordination for people with chronic conditions in a person-centered approach through the establishment of health homes. Given the complexity of care for Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic conditions, addressing the social determinants of health and providing integrated care are central to effectively improving health outcomes and generating cost-savings...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332557/evaluation-of-a-victim-centered-trauma-informed-victim-notification-protocol-for-untested-sexual-assault-kits-saks
#6
Rebecca Campbell, Jessica Shaw, Giannina Fehler-Cabral
Throughout the United States, hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs) have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing, which raises complex issues regarding how victims ought to be notified about what happened to their kits. In this project, we evaluated a victim-centered, trauma-informed victim notification protocol that was implemented in Detroit, Michigan. Most victims (84%) did not have a strong negative emotional reaction to notification, and most (57%) decided to reengage with the criminal justice system...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325662/farmers-market-manager-s-level-of-communication-and-influence-on-electronic-benefits-transfer-ebt-adoption-at-midwest-farmers-markets
#7
Afroza Hasin, Sylvia Smith
OBJECTIVE: To understand market managers' level of communication and use of technology that might influence decision to adopt Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) at farmers' markets. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using the Theory of Diffusion of Innovation. SETTING: Electronic survey administered in midwest states of Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Farmers' market managers in Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320962/replantation-and-revascularization-of-amputated-upper-limb-appendages-outcome-and-predicting-the-factors-influencing-the-success-rates-of-these-procedures-in-a-tertiary-hospital-an-8-year-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#8
Tunku Kamarul, Azura Mansor, Noorzurani Robson, Salim Hh Albusaidi, Abdulrazzaq M Suhaeb, Ely Z Samsudin
PURPOSE: Worldwide advances in microsurgery have made salvaging of amputated hand via replantation and revascularization common procedures. The present study examines the outcome of these procedures in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. METHODS: Patients with hand amputation who underwent replantation or revascularization from 2005 to 2012 were identified and reviewed for patient characteristics, amputation characteristics and survival rates. Successfully treated patients were interviewed to assess the functional outcome using Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick-DASH) questionnaire and Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ)...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320512/killing-wolves-to-prevent-predation-on-livestock-may-protect-one-farm-but-harm-neighbors
#9
Francisco J Santiago-Avila, Ari M Cornman, Adrian Treves
Large carnivores, such as gray wolves, Canis lupus, are difficult to protect in mixed-use landscapes because some people perceive them as dangerous and because they sometimes threaten human property and safety. Governments may respond by killing carnivores in an effort to prevent repeated conflicts or threats, although the functional effectiveness of lethal methods has long been questioned. We evaluated two methods of government intervention following independent events of verified wolf predation on domestic animals (depredation) in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA between 1998-2014, at three spatial scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319920/employee-attitudes-toward-aggression-in-persons-with-dementia-readiness-for-wider-adoption-of-person-centered-frameworks
#10
Vanessa Louise Burshnic, Natalie Douglas, Robert Michael Barker
INTRODUCTION: Implementing person-centered care requires shared attitudes, beliefs, and values among all care employees. Existing research has failed to examine the attitudes of non-nursing employees. AIM: This study examined attitudes toward aggression among nursing and non-nursing employees to address gaps in existing research and assess readiness for wider adoption of person-centered frameworks. METHOD: The Management of Aggression in People with Dementia Attitude Questionnaire was used to survey attitudes of employees in Michigan-based nursing homes...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319472/state-variations-in-infant-mortality-by-race-and-hispanic-origin-of-mother-2013-2015
#11
T J Matthews, Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll
Data from the National Vital Statistics System: -In 2013-2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. -Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. -For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.28 in Wisconsin. -The mortality rate for infants of Hispanic women ranged from 3...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313225/using-social-network-analysis-to-examine-the-effect-of-care-management-structure-on-chronic-disease-management-communication-within-primary-care
#12
Jodi Summers Holtrop, Sandra Ruland, Stephanie Diaz, Elaine H Morrato, Eric Jones
BACKGROUND: Care management and care managers are becoming increasingly prevalent in primary care medical practice as a means of improving population health and reducing unnecessary care. Care managers are often involved in chronic disease management and associated transitional care. In this study, we examined the communication regarding chronic disease care within 24 primary care practices in Michigan and Colorado. We sought to answer the following questions: Do care managers play a key role in chronic disease management in the practice? Does the prominence of the care manager's connectivity within the practice's communication network vary by the type of care management structure implemented? METHODS: Individual written surveys were given to all practice members in the participating practices...
January 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310820/population-based-evaluation-of-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-protocol-in-michigan
#13
Emily George, Greta L Krapohl, Scott E Regenbogen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303441/a-cross-sectional-study-of-neurosurgical-department-chairs-in-the-united-states
#14
Patrick M Flanigan, Arman Jahangiri, Joshua L Golubovsky, Jaret M Karnuta, Francis J May, Mitchel S Berger, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE The position of neurosurgery department chair undergoes constant evolution as the health care landscape changes. The authors' aim in this paper was to characterize career attributes of neurosurgery department chairs in order to define temporal trends in qualities being sought in neurosurgical leaders. Specifically, they investigated the hypothesis that increased qualifications in the form of additional advanced degrees and research acumen are becoming more common in recently hired chairs, possibly related to the increased complexity of their role...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301226/impact-of-pharmacist-conducted-comprehensive-medication-reviews-for-older-adult-patients-to-reduce-medication-related-problems
#15
Whitney J Kiel, Shaun W Phillips
Older adults are demanding increased healthcare attention with regards to prescription use due in large part to highly complex medication regimens. As patients age, medications often have a more pronounced effect on older adults, negatively impacting patient safety and increasing healthcare costs. Comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) optimize medications for elderly patients and help to avoid inappropriate medication use. Previous literature has shown that such CMRs can successfully identify and reduce the number of medication-related problems and improve acute healthcare utilization...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296905/sociodemographic-factors-in-patients-continuing-warfarin-vs-those-transitioning-to-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#16
Jordan K Schaefer, Suman L Sood, Brian Haymart, Xiaokui Gu, Xiaowen Kong, Eva Kline-Rogers, Steven Almany, Jay Kozlowski, Gregory D Krol, Scott Kaatz, James B Froehlich, Geoffrey D Barnes
Clinical factors and patient preferences are important for selecting oral anticoagulants for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and atrial fibrillation (AF). The relative association of sociodemographic factors with anticoagulant use is unknown. We evaluated a prospective cohort to compare sociodemographic variables in patients who continued on warfarin for AF or VTE to those who transitioned to 1 of the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Adult patients, newly started on warfarin, were enrolled through 6 anticoagulation clinics across Michigan...
December 12, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289948/association-of-anemia-with-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-peripheral-vascular-intervention-insights-from-the-blue-cross-blue-shield-of-michigan-cardiovascular-consortium-bmc2-vic
#17
Nikhil V Ambulgekar, Scott F Grey, Howard S Rosman, Hussein Othman, Thomas P Davis, Timothy J Nypaver, Theodore Schreiber, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Thomas A Lalonde, Peter K Henke, Hitinder S Gurm, Rajendra H Mehta, P Michael Grossman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with anemia undergoing percutaneous peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) in a contemporary registry. METHODS: We evaluated the differences in the clinical features and outcomes of patients with and without anemia undergoing PVI in the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2 VIC) registry. Anemia was defined using World Health Organization criteria. RESULTS: Baseline anemia was present in 42...
January 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287641/american-association-of-orthodontists-foundation-craniofacial-growth-legacy-collection-in-the-orthodontic-literature-use-and-trends-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Thikriat Al-Jewair, Elizabeth Stellrecht, Lauren Lewandowski, Rania Chakaki
INTRODUCTION: The American Association of Orthodontists Foundation (AAOF) Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection is a digital repository of records from 9 craniofacial growth study collections in the United States and Canada. The purposes of this article were to describe the use of materials from the AAOF Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection in the orthodontic literature in comparative and follow-up studies, and to analyze trends before and after the project's launch inĀ 2009. METHODS: An electronic search without date or language restriction was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, and CINAHL...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287633/familial-psychosocial-risk-classes-and-preschooler-body-mass-index-the-moderating-effect-of-caregiver-feeding-style
#19
Mildred A Horodynski, Holly E Brophy-Herb, Tiffany L Martoccio, Dawn Contreras, Karen Peterson, Mackenzie Shattuck, Neda Senehi, Zachary Favreau, Alison L Miller, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Early child weight gain predicts adolescent and adult obesity, underscoring the need to determine early risk factors affecting weight status and how risk factors might be mitigated. Socioeconomic status, food insecurity, caregiver depressive symptomology, single parenthood, and dysfunctional parenting each have been linked to early childhood weight status. However, the associations between these risk factors and children's weight status may be moderated by caregiver feeding styles (CFS)...
December 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284520/chinese-herbal-medicine-tangbi-formula-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetic-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathy-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
De Jin, Wen-Jing Huang, Xiang Meng, Fan Yang, Yu-Jiao Zheng, Qi Bao, Mei-Zhen Zhang, Ya-Nan Yang, Qing Ni, Feng-Mei Lian, Xiao-Lin Tong
BACKGROUND: Diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus, and it has become a major public health problem worldwide because of its high and increasing prevalence, morbidity, and disability rate. The current medications for DSPN are not entirely satisfactory. Preliminary studies indicated that the Chinese herbal TangBi Formula may alleviate signs and symptoms and improve the velocity of nerve conduction in patients with DSPN...
December 29, 2017: Trials
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