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PNF patterning

Reinhard E Friedrich, Johanna Baumann, Anna Suling, Hannah T Scheuer, Hanna A Scheuer
The aim of this study was to measure line segments and areas of sella turcica on lateral cephalograms with respect to the clinical diagnosis of facial phenotype of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Special attention was given to correlate the measured values with certain tumour types that are typical for this disease. Material and methods: Lateral cephalograms of 194 individuals were investigated. Patients with NF1 were further divided according to the detection and topography of facial plexiform neurofibromas (PNF) taking into account the distribution pattern of the trigeminal nerve...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
Sung-Kwang Ju, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study compared the activation of anterior gluteus medius fibers during general exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises. [Subjects and Methods] The study enrolled 15 healthy adults. The participants performed general hip abductor strengthening exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises; during both types of exercise, electromyography activity was recorded. [Results] Greater anterior gluteus medius fiber activation was observed during the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises compared with the general hip abductor strengthening exercises...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Azita Faramarzi, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Sareh Ashourzadeh
The aim was to investigate the relationship between the morphological parameters of metaphase II (MII) oocytes with morphokinetic variables of embryos following an intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure. Morphokinetic behaviour and abnormal cleavage patterns of 334 zygotes were analyzed using time-lapse monitoring (TLM). In addition, oocyte morphology was assessed in relation to embryo morphokinetic (absolute time point, including time to second polar body (PB) extrusion (ESPB), pronuclei (PN) appearance (PNA), PN fading (PNF), time to 2-cells (t2), 3c (t3), 4c (t4), 5c (t5), 6c (t6), 7c (t7), 8c (t8) and relative timing parameters (S1, S2, CC2 and CC3)...
April 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Anna Świerczyńska, Renata Kłusek, Marek Kaciński
The authors reviewed neurophysiological methods, which are used in the evaluation of children referred for neurorehabilitation. Rehabilitation techniques which may stimulate or provoke pathological changes in EEG must be ruled out. Electrophysiological and clinical improvement allow for the extension and intensification of rehabilitation. Normal EEG pattern ensures the safe use of techniques consisting of neuromuscular re-education or passive verticalisation, electrotherapy and thermotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of cognitive impairment is based on neuropsychological tests and endogenous evoked potentials (most often P300)...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Joong-San Wang, Sang-Bin Lee, Sang-Hyun Moon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on muscle tone and muscle stiffness in stroke patients. [ Subjects and Methods] The subjects consisted of 15 patients with chronic stroke (stroke group) and 15 healthy persons (healthy group). We measured the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation intervention on the lower extremity using a muscle tone measurement device; this detected changes in muscle tone and stiffness in the lower extremity muscles...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eric R Pedersen, Grant N Marshall, Terry L Schell
BACKGROUND: Young adult veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan represent a population at-risk for heavy and problematic alcohol use. Unfortunately, few seek treatment for alcohol concerns and those that do seek care may drop out from lengthy multicomponent treatments. Additionally, veterans who live in rural areas and those who are not engaged in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System are often overlooked, difficult to engage in treatment, and may not be actively seeking treatment for heavy patterns of use that may develop into an alcohol use disorder...
March 31, 2016: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Norman Bitterlich, Katrin Chaborski, Elke Parsi, Daniela Rösler, Christine Metzner
Brain food, e.g. L-tryptophan, antioxidative substances, B vitamins and magnesium are thought to be beneficial for obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance. In the present pilot study we hypothesised that a specific amino acid mixture with micronutrients improves the cardiometabolic situation of chronically stressed persons. Cardiovascular and metabolic parameters were analysed as per protocol in 32 patients. Chronic stress disorders in the same patients were assessed by a psychological neurological questionnaire (PNF)...
2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Kyoung Kim, Dong-Kyu Lee, Sang-In Jung
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of coordination movement using the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern underwater on the balance and gait of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty stroke patients were randomly assigned to an experimental group that performed coordination movement using the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern underwater and a control group (n =10 each). Both the groups underwent neurodevelopmental treatment, and the experimental group performed coordination movement using the Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation pattern underwater...
December 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Claire Farquharson, Matt Greig
BACKGROUND: Kinesiology tape has been advocated as a means of improving muscle flexibility, a potential modifiable risk factor for injury, over time. The epidemiology and etiology of hamstring injuries in sport have been well documented. PURPOSE: To compare the temporal pattern of efficacy of kinesiology tape and traditional stretching techniques on hamstring extensibility over a five day period. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Thirty recreationally active male participants (Mean ± SD: age 20...
December 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Barbara J Hoogenboom, Michael L Voight
UNLABELLED: Rolling is a movement pattern seldom used by physical therapists for assessment and intervention with adult clientele with normal neurologic function. Rolling, as an adult motor skill, combines the use of the upper extremities, core, and lower extremities in a coordinated manner to move from one posture to another. Rolling is accomplished from prone to supine and supine to prone, although the method by which it is performed varies among adults. Assessment of rolling for both the ability to complete the task and bilateral symmetry may be beneficial for use with athletes who perform rotationally-biased sports such as golf, throwing, tennis, and twisting sports such as dance, gymnastics, and figure skating...
November 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Yanhe Liu, Vincent Chapple, Katie Feenan, Peter Roberts, Phillip Matson
OBJECTIVE: To present a time-lapse deselection model involving both qualitative and quantitative parameters for assessing embryos on day 3. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study and prospective validation. SETTING: Private IVF center. PATIENT(S): A total of 270 embryos with known implantation data (KID) after day 3 transfer from 212 IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were retrospectively analyzed for building the proposed deselection model, followed by prospective validation using an additional 66 KID embryos...
March 2016: Fertility and Sterility
J E Reznik, E Biros, G Bartur
AIM: To investigate the pattern of overflow facilitated by the use of resistive proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). METHOD: In a group of 12 young, healthy individuals, recruitment of electrical activity into the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle of the right lower limb (RLL) was assessed using surface electromyography (sEMG) during a random-sequence application of manually-resistive PNF to the other three limbs. RESULTS: Resistance exercise applied to the left lower limb (LLL) was associated with a considerable increase in sEMG activity in the RLL TA muscle compared to its baseline level (p = 0...
2015: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Madiha Khan, Laura Ragni, Paul Tabb, Brenda C Salasini, Steven Chatfield, Raju Datla, John Lock, Xiahezi Kuai, Charles Després, Marcel Proveniers, Cao Yongguo, Daoquan Xiang, Halima Morin, Jean-Pierre Rullière, Sylvie Citerne, Shelley R Hepworth, Véronique Pautot
In the model plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), endogenous and environmental signals acting on the shoot apical meristem cause acquisition of inflorescence meristem fate. This results in changed patterns of aerial development seen as the transition from making leaves to the production of flowers separated by elongated internodes. Two related BEL1-like homeobox genes, PENNYWISE (PNY) and POUND-FOOLISH (PNF), fulfill this transition. Loss of function of these genes impairs stem cell maintenance and blocks internode elongation and flowering...
November 2015: Plant Physiology
Nagoud Schukfeh, Andreas Paul, Anja Gallinat, Dieter P Hoyer, Jürgen W Treckmann, Thomas Minor, Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Martin L Metzelder, Maren Schulze
In LT, the common policy is to allocate pediatric liver grafts to pediatric recipients. Pediatric organs are also offered to adults if there is no pediatric recipient. However, they are rarely accepted for adult recipients. So far, there is no information available reporting outcome of LT in adult recipients using pediatric livers from donors ≤ 6 yr. In this study, we included nine adult recipients (seven females and two males) who received grafts from children ≤ 6 yr from January 2008 to December 2013...
December 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
Wontae Gong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the PNF (proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation) patterns accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on abdominal muscle thickness in healthy adults. [Subjects] The total number of subjects was 30;15 were randomly placed in the training group (TG), and the remaining 15 made up the control group (CG). [Methods] The subjects in the TG conducted 3-5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the PNF patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks...
June 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kyo Chul Seo, Hyeon Ae Kim
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of ramp gait training using lower extremity patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on chronic stroke patients' dynamic balance ability. [Subjects and Methods] In total, 30 stroke patients participated in this study, and they were assigned randomly and equally to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group received exercise treatment for 30 min and ramp gait training with PNF for 30 min. The control group received exercise treatment for 30 min and ground gait training for 30 min...
June 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Ko Onoda, Ming Huo, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the change in standing balance of younger persons after neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) treatment. [Subjects] The subjects were 57 healthy young people, who were divided into three groups: The NJF group, and the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) group and the control group. [Methods] Functional reach test and body sway were measured before and after intervention in three groups. Four hip patterns of NJF or PNF were used. Two-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons were performed...
May 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Shirin Elizabeth Khorsandi, Alberto Quaglia, Siamak Salehi, Wayel Jassem, Hector Vilca-Melendez, Andreas Prachalias, Parthi Srinivasan, Nigel Heaton
Donation after cardiac death (DCD) livers are marginal organs for transplant and their use is associated with a higher risk of primary non function (PNF) or early graft dysfunction (EGD). The aim was to determine if microRNA (miRNA) was able to discriminate between DCD livers of varying clinical outcome. DCD groups were categorized as PNF retransplanted within a week (n=7), good functional outcome (n=7) peak aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤ 1000 IU/L and EGD (n=9) peak AST ≥ 2500 IU/L. miRNA was extracted from archival formalin fixed post-perfusion tru-cut liver biopsies...
2015: PloS One
Hyun-Seung Rhyu, Su-Hyun Kim, Hye-Sang Park
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a six-week elastic band exercise program using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) can increase isotonic strength of abductor muscles in the lower extremity. Twenty-eight healthy students from S university were divided into an experimental group and control group. Each group was participated in pre and post-measurement in isotonic strength using an isotonic analyzer, En-treeM. Experimental group performed elastic band exercise using PNF pattern for a six-weeks, in contrast, control group did not take any exercise...
February 2015: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Claire Farquharson, Matt Greig
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and aetiology of hamstring injuries in sport have been well documented. Kinesiology tape has been advocated as a means of improving muscle flexibility, with potential implications for injury prevention. PURPOSE: To compare the temporal pattern of efficacy of kinesiology tape and traditional stretching techniques on hamstring extensibility. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Thirty recreationally active male participants (Mean ± SD: age 21...
February 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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