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prague school

John Quinn, Vít Lidinský, Venu Rajaratnam, Marta Kruszcynski, Tomas Zeleny, Vladimir Bencko
BACKGROUND: Some university curricula struggle to present evidence-based promotion of global health principles and global health diplomacy within an undergraduate setting. The de facto global health paradigm has experienced significant stress and pressure from epidemics, war and violence, climate change and resource challenges. These stressors may lead to increased morbidity and mortality, in turn requiring medical professionals to play a larger role in global health action across borders...
2016: Globalization and Health
Přemysl Štych, Denisa Šrámková, Martin Braniš
AIM: The susceptibility of children to polluted air has been pointed out several times in the past. Generally, children suffer from higher exposure to air pollutants than adults because of their higher physical activity, higher metabolic rate and the resultant increase in minute ventilation. The aim of this study was to examine the exposure characteristics of public elementary schools in Prague (the capital of the Czech Republic). METHODS: The exposure was examined by two different methods: by the proximity of selected schools to major urban roads and their location within the modeled urban PM10 concentration fields...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Pavel Grill, Jana Tučková
The extent of research on children's speech in general and on disordered speech specifically is very limited. In this article, we describe the process of creating databases of children's speech and the possibilities for using such databases, which have been created by the LANNA research group in the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at Czech Technical University in Prague. These databases have been principally compiled for medical research but also for use in other areas, such as linguistics. Two databases were recorded: one for healthy children's speech (recorded in kindergarten and in the first level of elementary school) and the other for pathological speech of children with a Specific Language Impairment (recorded at a surgery of speech and language therapists and at the hospital)...
2016: PloS One
Miroslav Mydlík, Katarína Derzsiová
AssociateProfessor Eduard Neubauer, MD, PhD. worked from 1945 to the end of 1964 at the Department of Internal Medicine of Faculty Hospital and Medical School of P. J. afrik University in Kosice, which was led by Professor Frantiek Pr. During this period he was dealing with clinical and experimental nephrology, as the first in Kosice and in Slovak Republic also. In 1954 he founded the Clinical Nephrological Laboratory according to the model of Prague laboratories led by ProfessorJan Brod. He devoted himself to functional examination of kidneys...
February 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Ludmila Hlaváčková
Hall was a remarkable personality among professors in Prague Medical Faculty. He was an extremely capable organizer and founder of the successful institutions that made Prague Medical Faculty famous. In 1844 he founded the University Journal, in 1845 he initiated the establishment of a laboratory for chemical and clinical examination in the general hospital, in 1847 he opened the University outpatient clinic, the first in the Austrian monarchy. He was an excellent teacher; however, his publications activity was small...
2015: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Jana Spilkova, Dagmar Dzúrova, Michal Pitonak
BACKGROUND: A youths' neighborhood can play an important role in their physical, health, and emotional development. The prevalence of health risk behavior (HRB) in Czech youth such as smoking, drug and alcohol use is the highest in Europe. AIM: To analyze differences in HRB in youth residents within different types of Prague's neighborhoods in relation to the perception of the built environment, quality of their school and home environments. DATA AND METHODS: The data is based on the on-line survey among elementary school students aged between 14-15 years, which was administered in19 selected schools in Prague, during the months of October 2013 to March 2014...
2014: International Journal of Health Geographics
Pavel Jansa
Development of clinical interest on the pulmonary hypertension is associated with the development of cardiac catheterization. The first measurement of cardiac output during right heart catheterization was performed by Otto Klein, who worked at the German University in Prague right after Forssmann´s pioneering act. The invention of the floating balloon catheter is connected with the name of William Ganz, who was born in Košice and studied medicine in Prague. Some medical centres in Prague, known as Prague School of Pulmonary Circulation have dedicated to the issue of pulmonary hypertension since the 60s of last century...
April 2014: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
P Ventruba, J Feyereisl, P Janda, E Kučera, A Martan, Z Novotný, R Pilka, L Rob, Z Rokyta, J Spaček, J Tošner
OBJECTIVE: The paper addresses transfer of doctors specialty training from the national Institute of postgraduate medical education (IPVZ) to University Medical Schools (UMS) with the special focus to Obstetrics and Gynecology (OG). METHODS: The National Specialty Board (NSB) has been established. NSB tasks include definition of inclusion criteria and process of specialty choice at UMS. In OG specialty there are defined mid-term and final postgraduate training courses and other requirements for final specialty exam (FSE) - in particular trainees scientific work and surgery done with the supervision of NTB member...
November 2013: Ceská Gynekologie
Ludmila Hlaváčková
Act on the division of Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague into the Czech and German universities was signed by the emperor on 28 February 1882. Czech Faculty of Medicine was able to start education only in the school year 1882/83, one year after the Faculty of Law and Faculty of Arts. It was necessary to establish all institutes of theoretical medicine and some clinical departments, because German professors transferred their clinics to the German University, which the Act allowed. Celebration of the beginning of the teaching at the Czech Faculty of Medicine was imposing and it was described in the Journal of Czech Physicians and in the daily papers...
2013: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Boris Dvoracek, Alexander Nawka, Lucie Nawkova, Jan Vevera, Gregory Lydall, Amit Malik, Kitty Farooq, Dinesh Bhugra
Recruitment to psychiatry is becoming a serious obstacle in providing first-class mental health treatment in many countries worldwide. We attempt to address this burning issue by examining medical student's attitudes towards psychiatry and factors influencing their career choice in the Czech Republic. In 2010, 71 students in their last year of medical school at the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague were recruited in this quantitative cross-sectional online study. From the sample, 16% (n = 11) of students were considering psychiatry as a career path...
August 2013: International Review of Psychiatry
Zuzana Vančíková, Milan Trojánek, Helena Zemličková, Zuzana Blechová, Jitka Motlová, Jana Matějková, Otakar Nyč, Jerry John, Marek Malý, Vilma Marešová
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal urinary antigen test is a valuable tool for diagnosing pneumococcal pneumonia and meningitis in adults. Its use in children is generally not accepted because of nonspecificity at this age. It is frequently positive in asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriers. The aim of our study was to assess the age limit from which the test is no longer positive in asymptomatic healthy carriers. METHODS: A total of 197 children aged 36-83 months attending 9 day care centers in Prague were enrolled during February and March 2010...
September 2013: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Bohumír Kříž, Cestmír Beneš, Milan Daniel, Marek Malý
AIM: Analysis of the incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in the Czech Republic (CR) in 2001-2011 in different administrative regions and municipalities with extended power (MEPs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Each TBE case reported to the EPIDAT system was matched to the respective MEP or Prague according to the place of residence. The annual TBE incidence was calculated per 100 000 permanent residents (mean) of each administrative region and MEP. The overall incidence, age-specific incidence, and average incidence by administrative region per year and per the eleven-year period were calculated...
April 2013: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Z Hájek, V Horáková, M Koucký, M Dokoupilová, R Plavka, A Pařízek
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current knowledge about the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM). DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Perinatological center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expectant management in case of PPROM increases the incidence of infection/ inflammation but does not statistically increase mortality and serious morbidity of the infants...
August 2012: Ceská Gynekologie
J Sláma
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current terminology and classification of vulvar disorders. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Gynecologic oncology center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague. METHODS AND RESULTS: Vulvar disorders include wide spectrum of different diagnoses. Multidisciplinary collaboration is frequently needed in diagnostical and therapeutical process...
August 2012: Ceská Gynekologie
P Pazdiora, I Morávková, T Bergerová, V Struncová, P Křížová, M Musílek, C Beneš
From 1993 to 2009, there was only one cluster of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) reported in a community of children in the Czech Republic. This exceptional cluster that occurred in a preschool facility is the focus of this report. In response to the announcement of the disease, anti-epidemic precautions were put in place. Neisseria meningitidis isolates were delivered from local laboratories to the National Reference Laboratory for Meningococcal Infections in Prague. Phenotyping was performed there along with multilocus sequence typing...
March 2013: Folia Microbiologica
B Sehnal, D Driák, H Neumannová, D Kolařík, E Menzlová, J Sláma
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge of prevalence, duration and clearance of anal HPV infection among women and its relation to cervical HPV infection. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hospital Na Bulovce and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague; Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague; Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague...
June 2012: Ceská Gynekologie
P Čech
José Juan Verocay was born on June 16, 1876 in Paysandú, Uruguay to Italian immigrants; in 1887 they sent him to Cortina d'Ampezzo to learn languages first; he then graduated from the high school in Trento (1897) and from the German Medical Faculty in Prague (1904) where he, a disciple of Hanns Chiari, became the 1st demonstrator (1902), 3rd (1904) to 1st assistant (1905), and volunteer (from 1908) at the Department of Pathological Anatomy. He repeatedly substituted the professors Chiari (until 1906), Kretz (1907-1910), and Ghon (from 1910) during their absence...
April 2012: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Stepánková Lenka, Kalvachová Milena, Korínková Ivana
Health Promoting Hospitals (HPH) is an international network of more than 800 health care subjects. The HPH initiative is based on an idea of a hospital being an appropriate place not only to treat illnesses, but also to actively promote health. It aims to improve the quality and safety of health care via specialized interventions targeting a few key areas, such as tobacco and other dependences, physical activity, psychological support, or patient-professional communication. Activities are oriented toward both patients and hospital staff and use only methods of evidence-based medicine...
2012: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
J Sláma
OBJECTIVE: To conclude knowledge about new colposcopic signs--ridge sign and inner border. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Oncogynecological center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague. METHODS AND RESULTS: Recently updated colposcopic classification includes two new colposcopic signs--ridge sign and inner border. Both are mainly present in lesions associated with oncogenic human papillomaviruses infection...
February 2012: Ceská Gynekologie
Ludmila Hlavácková
Internist Bohumil Eiselt belongs to eminent personalities of the Prague Medical Faculty. Since the summer semester in 1861, he purposefully and systematically persuaded the Czech as the teaching language at the Prague Medical Faculty. In 1871, his clinic was recognized as the first Czech clinic of the not yet divided Prague Medical School. In 1881, he managed to get the largest clinic of internal medicine in the general teaching hospital which, after the activation in 1883, was transferred at the Czech Medical School...
2011: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
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