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functional movement screens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929129/an-automated-home-cage-system-to-assess-learning-and-performance-of-a-skilled-motor-task-in-a-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#1
Cameron L Woodard, Federico Bolaños, James D Boyd, Gergely Silasi, Timothy H Murphy, Lynn A Raymond
Behavioral testing is a critical step in assessing the validity of rodent models of neurodegenerative disease, as well as evaluating the efficacy of pharmacological interventions. In models of Huntington's disease (HD), a gradual progression of impairments is observed across ages, increasing the need for sensitive, high-throughput and longitudinal assessments. Recently, a number of automated systems have been developed to perform behavioral profiling of animals within their own home-cage, allowing for 24-h monitoring and minimizing experimenter interaction...
September 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919122/functional-movement-screen-pain-versus-composite-score-and-injury-risk
#2
Joseph A Alemany, Timothy T Bushman, Tyson Grier, Morgan K Anderson, Michelle Canham-Chervak, William J North, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) has been used as a screening tool to determine musculoskeletal injury risk using composite scores based on movement quality and/or pain. However, no direct comparisons between movement quality and pain have been quantified. DESIGN: Retrospective injury data analysis. METHODS: Male Soldiers (n=2154, 25.0±1.3years; 26.2±.7kg/m(2)) completed the FMS (scored from 0 points (pain) to 3 points (no pain and perfect movement quality)) with injury data over the following six months...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900569/there-are-no-biomechanical-differences-between-runners-classified-by-the-functional-movement-screen
#3
Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira, Shalimá Figueirêdo Chaves, Yuri Lopes Lima, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima
BACKGROUND: Running has been one of the main choices of physical activity in people seeking an active lifestyle. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a screening tool that aims to discern movement competency. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to compare biomechanical characteristics between two groups rated using the composite FMS™ score, and to analyze the influence of specific individual tests. The hypothesis was that the group that scored above 14 would demonstrate better performance on biomechanical tests than the group that scored below 14...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899525/restless-legs-syndrome-after-high-risk-tia-and-minor-stroke-association-with-reduced-quality-of-life
#4
Mark I Boulos, Anthony Wan, Sandra E Black, Andrew S Lim, Richard H Swartz, Brian J Murray
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a movement disorder that is associated with poor quality of life and depressive symptoms in the general population. Emerging evidence suggests that RLS is closely associated with cerebrovascular disease. We assessed the effect of RLS on quality of life after stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: In this single-center prospective study, we recruited patients within 14 days of high-risk TIA or minor stroke...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893292/reorganization-of-finger-coordination-patterns-through-motor-exploration-in-individuals-after-stroke
#5
Rajiv Ranganathan
BACKGROUND: Impairment of hand and finger function after stroke is common and affects the ability to perform activities of daily living. Even though many of these coordination deficits such as finger individuation have been well characterized, it is critical to understand how stroke survivors learn to explore and reorganize their finger coordination patterns for optimizing rehabilitation. In this study, I examine the use of a body-machine interface to assess how participants explore their movement repertoire, and how this changes with continued practice...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#6
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882509/clinical-benefits-of-joint-mobilisation-on-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Osmotherly, Suzanne Snodgrass, Jodie Marquez, Rutger de Zoete, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical benefits of joint mobilisation on ankle sprains. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process, Embase, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Dissertations and Thesis were searched from inception to June, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies investigating humans with a grade I or II lateral or medial sprains of the ankle in any pathological state from acute to chronic, who had been treated with joint mobilisation were considered for inclusion...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878616/interim-results-of-a-multicenter-trial-with-the-new-electronic-subretinal-implant-alpha-ams-in-15-patients-blind-from-inherited-retinal-degenerations
#8
Katarina Stingl, Ruth Schippert, Karl U Bartz-Schmidt, Dorothea Besch, Charles L Cottriall, Thomas L Edwards, Florian Gekeler, Udo Greppmaier, Katja Kiel, Assen Koitschev, Laura Kühlewein, Robert E MacLaren, James D Ramsden, Johann Roider, Albrecht Rothermel, Helmut Sachs, Greta S Schröder, Jan Tode, Nicole Troelenberg, Eberhart Zrenner
Purpose: We assessed the safety and efficacy of a technically advanced subretinal electronic implant, RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS, in end stage retinal degeneration in an interim analysis of two ongoing prospective clinical trials. The purpose of this article is to describe the interim functional results (efficacy). Methods: The subretinal visual prosthesis RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS (Retina Implant AG, Reutlingen, Germany) was implanted in 15 blind patients with hereditary retinal degenerations at four study sites with a follow-up period of 12 months (www...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867465/effect-of-gum-chewing-on-ameliorating-ileus-following-colorectal-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-18-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Qing Liu, Honglei Jiang, Dong Xu, Junzhe Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chewing gum, as an alternative to sham feeding, had been shown to hasten the recovery of gut function following abdominal surgery. However, conclusions remained contradictory. We sought to conduct an updated meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of gum chewing in alleviating ileus following colorectal surgery. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library Databases through February 2017 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of the additional use of chewing gum following colorectal surgery...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859011/construct-validation-of-the-fms-relationship-between-a-jump-landing-task-and-fms-items
#10
Kornelius Kraus, Elisabeth Schütz, Ralf Doyscher
Sports injuries and athletic performance are complex areas, which are characterized by manifold interdependencies. The landing error scoring system (LESS) is a valid screening tool to examine bilateral jump-landing mechanics. Whereas, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) items are thought to operationalize flexibility and motor behaviour during low intense bodyweight patterns. The aim of the study was to explore possible interdependency of the diagnostic information of these screening tools. 53 athletes (age 23...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840153/lower-quarter-y-balance-test-scores-and-lower-extremity-injury-in-ncaa-division-i-athletes
#11
Wilson C Lai, Dean Wang, James B Chen, Jeremy Vail, Caitlin M Rugg, Sharon L Hame
BACKGROUND: Functional movement tests that are predictive of injury risk in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes are useful tools for sports medicine professionals. The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) measures single-leg balance and reach distances in 3 directions. PURPOSE: To assess whether the YBT-LQ predicts the laterality and risk of sports-related lower extremity (LE) injury in NCAA athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837917/aging-effect-on-step-adjustments-and-stability-control-in-visually-perturbed-gait-initiation
#12
Ruopeng Sun, Chuyi Cui, John B Shea
Gait adaptability is essential for fall avoidance during locomotion. It requires the ability to rapidly inhibit original motor planning, select and execute alternative motor commands, while also maintaining the stability of locomotion. This study investigated the aging effect on gait adaptability and dynamic stability control during a visually perturbed gait initiation task. A novel approach was used such that the anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) during gait initiation were used to trigger the unpredictable relocation of a foot-size stepping target...
August 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813968/changes-in-neuromuscular-activity-during-motor-training-with-a-body-machine-interface-after-spinal-cord-injury
#13
C Pierella, A De Luca, E Tasso, F Cervetto, S Gamba, L Losio, E Quinland, A Venegoni, S Mandraccia, I Muller, A Massone, F A Mussa-Ivaldi, M Casadio
Body machine interfaces (BMIs) are used by people with severe motor disabilities to control external devices, but they also offer the opportunity to focus on rehabilitative goals. In this study we introduced in a clinical setting a BMI that was integrated by the therapists in the rehabilitative treatments of 2 spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects for 5 weeks. The BMI mapped the user's residual upper body mobility onto the two coordinates of a cursor on a screen. By controlling the cursor, the user engaged in playing computer games...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813899/the-effects-of-auditory-and-visual-cues-on-timing-synchronicity-for-robotic-rehabilitation
#14
Brittney A English, Ayanna M Howard
In this paper, we explore how the integration of auditory and visual cues can help teach the timing of motor skills for the purpose of motor function rehabilitation. We conducted a study using Amazon's Mechanical Turk in which 106 participants played a virtual therapy game requiring wrist movements. To validate that our results would translate to trends that could also be observed during robotic rehabilitation sessions, we recreated this experiment with 11 participants using a robotic wrist rehabilitation system as means to control the therapy game...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798198/wearable-ballistocardiogram-and-seismocardiogram-systems-for-health-and-performance
#15
Mozziyar Etemadi, Omer T Inan
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are prevalent in the US and many forms of CVDs primarily affect the mechanical aspects of heart function. Wearable technologies for monitoring the mechanical health of the heart and vasculature could enable proactive management of CVDs through titration of care based on physiological status, as well as preventative wellness monitoring to help promote lifestyle choices that reduce the overall risk of developing CVDs. Additionally, such wearable technologies could be used to optimize human performance in austere environments...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783618/performance-of-high-school-male-athletes-on-the-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2
#16
Laura J Smith, James R Creps, Ryan Bean, Becky Rodda, Bara Alsalaheen
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe the performance of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) by reporting the proportion of adolescents with a score of ≤14 and the frequency of asymmetries in a cross-sectional sample; (2) explore associations between FMS™ to age and body mass, and explore the construct validity of the FMS™ against common postural stability measures; (3) examine the inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the FMS™ in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
September 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772336/the-effect-of-clinical-pilates-on-functional-movement-in-recreational-runners
#17
Anna Laws, Sean Williams, Cassie Wilson
Biomechanical imbalances and inefficient functional movements are considered contributing factors to running-related injuries. Clinical Pilates uses a series of exercises focused on retraining normal movement patterns. This study investigated whether a 6-week course of Clinical Pilates improves functional movement and thereby, potentially, reduces the risk of running-related injuries associated with movement dysfunction. A modified functional movement screen was used to analyze the functional movement ability of forty runners...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768697/early-onset-torsion-dystonia-a-novel-high-throughput-yeast-genetic-screen-for-factors-modifying-protein-levels-of-torsina%C3%AE-e
#18
Lucía F Zacchi, John C Dittmar, Michael J Mihalevic, Annette M Shewan, Benjamin L Schulz, Jeffrey L Brodsky, Kara A Bernstein
Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder, but its diagnosis and treatment remain challenging. One of the most severe types of dystonia is early-onset torsion dystonia (EOTD). The best studied and validated EOTD-associated mutation, torsinAΔE, is a deletion of a C-terminal glutamate residue in the AAA+ ATPase torsinA. TorsinA appears to be an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/nuclear envelope chaperone with multiple roles in the secretory pathway and in determining subcellular architecture. Many functions are disabled in the torsinAΔE variant, and torsinAΔE is also less stable than wild-type torsinA and is a substrate for ER-associated degradation...
September 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759299/international-practice-in-care-provision-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment
#19
Fiona J Rowe
PURPOSE: This study sought to explore the practice of orthoptists internationally in care provision for poststroke visual impairment. METHODS: Survey questions were developed and piloted with clinicians, academics, and users. Questions addressed types of visual problems, how these were identified, treated, and followed up, care pathways in use, links with other professions, and referral options. The survey was approved by the institutional ethical committee. The survey was accessed via a web link that was circulated through the International Orthoptic Association member professional organisations to orthoptists...
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758189/task-oriented-interventions-for-children-with-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Motohide Miyahara, Susan L Hillier, Liz Pridham, Shinichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD) is a common childhood disorder, which can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Children with DCD have difficulties in performing the essential motor tasks required for self-care, academic, social and recreational activities. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of task-oriented interventions on movement performance, psychosocial functions, activity, and participation for children with DCD and to examine differential intervention effects as a factor of age, sex, severity of DCD, intervention intensity, and type of intervention...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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