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functional movement screens

Christine W St Laurent, Brittany Masteller, John Sirard
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of a suspension-training movement program to improve muscular- and skill-related fitness and functional movement in children, compared with controls. METHODS: In total, 28 children [male: 46%; age: 9.3 (1.5) y; body mass index percentile: 68.6 (27.5)] were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 17) or control (n = 11) groups. The intervention group participated in a 6-week suspension-training movement program for two 1-hour sessions per week...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Chris Brogden, Kelly Marrin, Richard Page, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Clinical and functional assessments are performed regularly in sporting environments to screen for performance deficits and injury risk. Circadian rhythms have been demonstrated to affect human performance, however the influence of time of day on a battery of multiple ankle injury risk factors has yet to be established within athletic populations. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of circadian variation on a battery of tests, used to screen for ankle aetiological risk factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yongping Chai, Zhiwen Zhu, Guangshuo Ou
During C. elegans larval development, the Q neuroblasts produce their lineage by three rounds of divisions along with continuous cell migrations. Their neuronal progeny is dispersed from the pharynx to the anus. This in vivo system to study cell migration is appealing for several reasons. The lineage development is stereotyped; functional analysis and genomic screens are rendered easy and powerful thanks to powerful tools; transgenic manipulations and genome engineering are efficient and can be conveniently combined with live-cell imaging...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Edward J Szczygiel, Sungeun Cho, Robin M Tucker
Little is known about the relationship between sleep and chemosensation. The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between chemosensory function and sleep duration, quality and architecture. A total of 56 non-obese (BMI<30 kg/m2) female participants who denied having diagnosed sleep disorders completed testing. Sleep was measured for two nights using a single-channel (A1-A2) electroencephalogram-(EEG) (Zmachine). Sweet taste threshold and preference as well as olfactory threshold, recognition ability, and pleasantness ratings were evaluated...
March 7, 2018: Chemical Senses
Ross Armstrong, Matt Greig
OBJECTIVES: Agility is a functional requirement of many sports, challenging stability, and commonly cited as a mechanism of injury. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT) have equivocally been associated with agility performance. The aim of the current study was to establish a hierarchical ordering of FMS and mSEBT elements in predicting T-test agility performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. SETTING: University...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jonas Verbrugghe, Els Knippenberg, Steven Palmaers, Thomas Matheve, Wout Smeets, Peter Feys, Annemie Spooren, Annick Timmermans
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a burden on the healthcare system. Exercise therapy is an important part of MSD rehabilitation. Motion detection systems are developed to support exercise therapy settings. This systematic review aims 1) to investigate which types of motion detection systems have been used as a technological support for exercise therapy, 2) to investigate the characteristics of motion detection supported exercise therapy in relation to its clinical indications, and 3) to evaluate the effectiveness of motion detection supported exercise therapy, in MSD rehabilitation...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Amit Abraham, Ayelet Dunsky, Madeleine E Hackney, Ruth Dickstein
Elevé is a fundamental dance movement practiced routinely by dance students and serving as an integral component of screening in dance. It consists of ankle plantar flexion (PF) movement and is considered to be a frequent cause of foot and ankle injuries among dancers, with adolescent female dance students being at greatest risk for such injuries. Therefore, gaining additional knowledge regarding elevé functional range of motion (ROM) and inter-leg weightbearing distribution (WBD) properties among adolescent dance students is warranted for pedagogic, screening, injury prevention, and rehabilitation purposes...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Paola Matiko Martins Okuda, Melissa Pangelinan, Carlo Chiorri, Simone Aparecida Capellini, Hugo Cogo-Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To develop a motor screening assessment and provide preliminary evidence of its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 365 elementary school students was assessed, with structural equation modeling applied to obtain evidence of the adequacy of the factor structure of the motor screening assessment. As well, differential item functioning was used to evaluate whether various identifiable subgroups of children (i.e., sex and grade) perform particular tasks differently...
February 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Lexy M Kindt, Alicia R Coughlin, Tianna R Perosino, Haley Ersfeld, Marshall Hampton, Jennifer O Liang
Anencephaly is a fatal human neural tube defect (NTD) in which the anterior neural tube remains open. Zebrafish embryos with reduced Nodal signaling display an open anterior neural tube phenotype that is analogous to anencephaly. Previous work from our laboratory suggests that Nodal signaling acts through induction of the head mesendoderm and mesoderm. Head mesendoderm/mesoderm then, through an unknown mechanism, promotes formation of the polarized epithelium which is capable of undergoing the movements required for closure...
February 27, 2018: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Mark De Ste Croix, Abigail Priestley, Rhodri Lloyd, Jon Oliver
PURPOSE: Fatigue negatively alters dynamic knee control, and the functional hamstring/quadriceps ratio (H/QFUNC ) plays an important role in stabilizing the joint. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of soccer-specific exercise on H/QFUNC in under (U) 13-, U15-, and U17-year-old female soccer players. METHODS: A total of 36 female players performed concentric and eccentric actions of the hamstrings at 60°, 120°, and 180°/s before and after an age group-specific field-based soccer protocol...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Robin Orr, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope
Law-enforcement officers increasingly wear body armour for protection; wearing body armour is common practice in military populations. Law-enforcement and military occupational demands are vastly different and military-styled body armour may not be suitable for law-enforcement. This study investigated differences between selected military body armour (MBA: 6.4 kg) and law-enforcement body armour (LEBA: 2.1 kg) in impacts on postural sway, vertical jump, agility, a functional movement screen (FMS), task simulations (vehicle exit; victim recovery), and subjective measures...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Karlaina Jl Osmon, Meera Vyas, Evan Woodley, Patrick Thompson, Jagdeep S Walia
Behavioral testing is used in pre-clinical trials to assess the phenotypic effects and outcomes that a particular disease or treatment has on the animal's wellbeing and health. There are numerous behavioral tests that may be applied. We selected a test for general locomotion, the open field test (OFT); a test for muscular strength, the mesh test (MT); and a test for coordination, the rotarod test (RR). Testing can be accomplished on a weekly or monthly basis. As a test for general locomotion, the OFT works by objectively monitoring movement parameters while the mouse is in an open field apparatus...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Michael D Manson
Like all living organisms, bacteria must communicate with the world around them. As they typically live as single cells, the communication with their environment must occur at the cell membrane, both in moving molecules in and out and in transmitting information about their surroundings to response elements within the cell. This volume is devoted primarily to methods used to study either the behavior of bacteria in response to their environment or methods used to study events that involve signaling pathways that are initiated by events at the cell membrane...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Eoin Everard, Mark Lyons, Andrew J Harrison
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of injury with the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) in military recruits undergoing an intensive 16-week training block. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two entry-level male soldiers (18-25years) were tested using the FMS and LESS. The participants underwent an intensive 16-week training program with injury data recorded daily. Chi-squared statistics were used to examine associations between injury risk and (1) poor LESS scores, (2) any score of 1 on the FMS and (3) composite FMS score of ≤14...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Ivano Di Meo, Valeria Tiranti
Brain iron accumulation is the hallmark of a group of seriously invalidating and progressive rare diseases collectively denominated Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation (NBIA), characterized by movement disorder, painful dystonia, parkinsonism, mental disability and early death. Currently there is no established therapy available to slow down or reverse the progression of these conditions. Several genes have been identified as responsible for NBIA but only two encode for proteins playing a direct role in iron metabolism...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Zhenmi Liu, Jo C Dumville, Gill Norman, Maggie J Westby, Jane Blazeby, Emma McFarlane, Nicky J Welton, Louise O'Connor, Julie Cawthorne, Ryan P George, Emma J Crosbie, Amber D Rithalia, Hung-Yuan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) rates vary from 1% to 5% in the month following surgery. Due to the large number of surgical procedures conducted annually, the costs of these SSIs can be considerable in financial and social terms. Many interventions are used with the aim of reducing the risk of SSI in people undergoing surgery. These interventions can be broadly delivered at three stages: preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively. The intraoperative interventions are largely focused on decontamination of skin using soap and antiseptics; the use of barriers to prevent movement of micro-organisms into incisions; and optimising the patient's own bodily functions to promote best recovery...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yutaka Watanabe, Hidenori Arai, Hirohiko Hirano, Shiho Morishita, Yuki Ohara, Ayako Edahiro, Masaharu Murakami, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takeshi Kikutani, Takao Suzuki
AIM: To investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and oral status, and to develop an oral-based screening index for MCI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a total of 5104 community-dwelling adults (aged ≥65 years) from the Obu Study of Health Promotion for the Elderly. Screening for MCI included a standardized personal interview, Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool (which included 8 tasks used to assess logical memory, word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill) and oral status...
January 30, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Natalia Mendoza-Ferreira, Marie Coutelier, Eva Janzen, Seyyedmohsen Hosseinibarkooie, Heiko Löhr, Svenja Schneider, Janine Milbradt, Mert Karakaya, Markus Riessland, Christian Pichlo, Laura Torres-Benito, Andrew Singleton, Stephan Zuchner, Alexis Brice, Alexandra Durr, Matthias Hammerschmidt, Giovanni Stevanin, Brunhilde Wirth
Objective: To ascertain the genetic and functional basis of complex autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA) presented by 2 siblings of a consanguineous family characterized by motor neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy, spastic paraparesis, intellectual disability, and slow ocular saccades. Methods: Combined whole-genome linkage analysis, whole-exome sequencing, and focused screening for identification of potential causative genes were performed. Assessment of the functional consequences of the mutation on protein function via subcellular fractionation, size-exclusion chromatography, and fluorescence microscopy were done...
February 2018: Neurology. Genetics
Ayuko Suzuki, Jun Shinozaki, Shogo Yazawa, Yoshino Ueki, Noriyuki Matsukawa, Shun Shimohama, Takashi Nagamine
BACKGROUND: The mental rotation task is well-known for the assessment of visuospatial function; however, it has not been used for screening of dementia patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to create a simple screening test for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) by focusing on non-amnestic symptoms. METHODS: Age-matched healthy controls (age 75.3±6.8), patients with MCI (76.5±5.5), and AD (78...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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