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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350110/construct-validity-of-the-resistance-training-skills-battery-in-children-aged-7-10-years
#1
Michael J Duncan, Chelsey Lawson, Josh Hurst, Jason Tallis, Victoria Jones, Emma L J Eyre
The current study sought to examine the construct validity of the Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), a movement screen purported to assess resistance training skill in children. Children aged 7-10 years (n = 27, 21 males, 6 females) undertook measures of resistance training skill via the RTSBc, motor competence and muscular fitness. Using a median split for RTSBc scores, children were categorised as high or low resistance training competence. Univariate ANCOVAs, controlling for maturation, were used to examine whether measures of muscular fitness and motor competence scores differed as a function of RTSBc competence...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#2
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316781/quantitative-assessment-of-hand-dysfunction-in-patients-with-early-parkinson-s-disease-and-focal-hand-dystonia
#3
Deepa Kandaswamy, MuthuKumar M, Mathew Alexander, Krishna Prabhu, Mahasampath Gowri S, Srinivasa Babu Krothapalli
Objective: Motor impairments related to hand function are common symptoms in patients with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and focal hand dystonia (FHD). However, hand dysfunction has not been quantitatively assessed as a clinical tool for screening patient groups from healthy controls (HCs). The aim of our study was 1) to quantitatively assess hand dysfunction in patients with PD and FHD and its usefulness as a screening tool 2) to grade disease severity in PD and FHD based on hand dysfunction...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313315/eye-movement-patterns-in-face-recognition-are-associated-with-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults
#4
Cynthia Y H Chan, Antoni B Chan, Tatia M C Lee, Janet H Hsiao
The Hidden Markov Modeling approach for eye-movement data analysis is able to quantitatively assess differences and similarities among individual patterns. Here we applied this approach to examine the relationships between eye-movement patterns in face recognition and age-related cognitive decline. We found that significantly more older than young adults adopted "holistic" patterns, in which most eye fixations landed around the face center, as opposed to "analytic" patterns, in which eye movements switched among the two eyes and the face center...
January 8, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312875/functional-dynamic-radiography-with-computer-analysis-for-physiological-chest-imaging-and-kinematic-joint-imaging
#5
Shigeru Sanada
We developed a functional digital radiography system that provides physiological and functional information of the chest and/or joints using an X-ray flat-panel detector (FPD) system. During chest examination, sequential chest radiographs are taken from inspiration to expiration in order to analyze diaphragmatic movements. Pixel value changes in localized areas of the lung are then assessed to analyze ventilation and circulation. For limb joints, such as the wrist, shoulder, and knee, sequential radiographs during flexion and extension or rotational movement are considered, and movement angles are analyzed...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291230/identification-of-host-cellular-targets-of-ac4-and-av2-proteins-of-tomato-leaf-curl-palampur-virus-and-their-sub-cellular-localization-studies
#6
Poonam Roshan, Aditya Kulshreshtha, Vipin Hallan
Tomato leaf curl palampur virus (ToLCPalV) is a bipartite begomovirus with genome organization typical of old world begomoviruses. It infects commercially important crops and weeds in the Asian subcontinent. Apart from other proteins, the DNA-A of the virus encodes AV2 and AC4 proteins of approximately 13.73 and 6.7 kDa, respectively. In case of other begomoviruses, previous studies have shown the role of AV2 and AC4 proteins in virus movement, pathogenesis and suppression of gene silencing. However, the ToLCPalV proteins are significantly variable in comparison to closest relative and hence there is a need to work out their functions...
December 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281259/development-of-arrayed-colonic-organoids-for-screening-of-secretagogues-associated-with-enterotoxins
#7
Dulan B Gunasekara, Matthew Disalvo, Yuli Wang, Daniel Nguyen, Mark I Reed, Jennifer Speer, Christopher E Sims, Scott T Magness, Nancy L Allbritton
Enterotoxins increase intestinal fluid secretion through the modulation of ion channels as well as activating the enteric nervous and immune systems. Colonic organoids, also known as colonoids, are functionally and phenotypically similar to in vivo colonic epithelium, and have been used to study intestinal ion transport and subsequent water flux in physiology and disease models. In conventional cultures, organoids exist as spheroids embedded within a hydrogel patty of extracellular matrix, and form at multiple depths impairing efficient imaging which is necessary to capture data from statistically relevant sample sizes...
December 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276353/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-characteristics-of-tardive-dyskinesia-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#8
Yanan Huang, Lizhen Pan, Fei Teng, Geying Wang, Chenhu Li, Lingjing Jin
Background: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an abnormal involuntary movement disorder caused by patients' long-term use of antipsychotic medication. It diminishes the social functioning of patients with mental disorders, thereby affecting their compliance with antipsychotic medication. The cause and nosogenesis of TD remains unclear; furthermore, because the presentation differs greatly among individuals it often goes undiagnosed or can be easily misdiagnosed. The present study aims to evaluate the abnormal movement patterns in patients with TD, and analyze the differences among different TD patterns, in order to seek effective methods of preventing, diagnosing and treating TD...
October 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275983/the-association-of-vitamin-d-status-in-lower-extremity-muscle-strains-and-core-muscle-injuries-at-the-national-football-league-combine
#9
Brian J Rebolledo, Johnathan A Bernard, Brian C Werner, Andrea K Finlay, Benedict U Nwachukwu, David M Dare, Russell F Warren, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between serum vitamin D level and the prevalence of lower extremity muscle strains and core muscle injuries in elite level athletes at the National Football League (NFL) combine. METHODS: During the 2015 NFL combine, all athletes with available serum vitamin D levels were included for study. Baseline data were collected, including age, race, body mass index, position, injury history specific to lower extremity muscle strain or core muscle injury, and Functional Movement Screen scores...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251533/the-functional-movement-screen-as-a-predictor-of-injury-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-ii-athletes
#10
Bryan Dorrel, Terry Long, Scott Shaffer, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT:   The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool used to assess the quality of human movement. Previous FMS researchers reported a difference between the comprehensive and individual FMS test scores of injured and uninjured participants. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the accuracy of the FMS for predicting injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes and to evaluate how an injury definition may affect the prognostic values. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239998/seasonal-changes-in-functional-fitness-and-neurocognitive-assessments-in-youth-ice-hockey-players
#11
Michelle Avery, Nick Wattie, Michael Holmes, Shilpa Dogra
Deficits in balance and strength combined with differing rates of sensory and motor neural development may increase risk of sports related injury in youth. This study evaluated changes in functional fitness and concussion status over the course of a competitive season in youth ice-hockey players, and examined the relationship between these variables and injury occurrence. Thirty-six participants (8.9 ± 1.1 years) completed pre and post-season assessments including anthropometric measurements, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ), and a computerized neurocognitive assessment (ImPACT)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234901/upper-limb-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#12
Elizabeth Hotham, Miranda Haberfield, Susan Hillier, Jason M White, Gabrielle Todd
Upper limb function was investigated in children with ADHD using objective methods. We hypothesised that children with ADHD exhibit abnormal dexterity, force application during manipulation of a novel object, and movement rhythmicity. Two groups of age- and gender-matched children were investigated: 35 typically developing children (controls, 10.5 ± 0.4 years, 32M-3F) and 29 children (11.5 ± 0.5 years, 27M-2F) with formally diagnosed ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Participants underwent a series of screening tests and tests of upper limb function while "off" medication...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#13
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219945/vats-plication-of-the-diaphragm-a-descriptive-observational-10-year-southampton-experience
#14
Rhona J Taberham, Adnan Raza, Aiman Alzetani, Edwin B Woo, Martin H Chamberlain, George Koulaxouzidis, Khalid M Amer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report the safety and efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) plication of the diaphragm at our institution between 2006 and 2016. METHODS: Adult patients selected on etiology and combination of investigations including plain chest x-ray, computed tomography of chest and abdomen, lung functions in supine and sitting positions, radiological/ultrasonic screening for diaphragmatic movement, and phrenic nerve conduction studies...
December 6, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213235/changes-in-predictive-task-switching-with-age-and-with-cognitive-load
#15
Shelly Levy-Tzedek
Predictive control of movement is more efficient than feedback-based control, and is an important skill in everyday life. We tested whether the ability to predictively control movements of the upper arm is affected by age and by cognitive load. A total of 63 participants were tested in two experiments. In both experiments participants were seated, and controlled a cursor on a computer screen by flexing and extending their dominant arm. In Experiment 1, 20 young adults and 20 older adults were asked to continuously change the frequency of their horizontal arm movements, with the goal of inducing an abrupt switch between discrete movements (at low frequencies) and rhythmic movements (at high frequencies)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209177/a-new-behavioral-test-and-associated-genetic-tools-highlight-the-function-of-ventral-abdominal-muscles-in-adult-drosophila
#16
Marine Pons, Claire Soulard, Laurent Soustelle, Marie-Laure Parmentier, Yves Grau, Sophie Layalle
The function of the nervous system in complex animals is reflected by the achievement of specific behaviors. For years in Drosophila, both simple and complex behaviors have been studied and their genetic bases have emerged. The neuromuscular junction is maybe one of the prototypal simplest examples. A motor neuron establishes synaptic connections on its muscle cell target and elicits behavior: the muscle contraction. Different muscles in adult fly are related to specific behaviors. For example, the thoracic muscles are associated with flight and the leg muscles are associated with locomotion...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194186/the-impact-of-different-cross-training-modalities-on-performance-and-injury-related-variables-in-high-school-cross-country-runners
#17
Max R Paquette, Shelby A Peel, Ross E Smith, Mark Temme, Jeffrey N Dwyer
There are many different types of aerobic cross-training modalities currently available. It is important to consider the effects that these different modalities have on running performance and injury risks. The purpose of this study was to compare movement quality, running economy and performance, injury-related biomechanical variables and, hip muscle strength before and after training with different cross-training modalities in high school runners. Thirty-one high school male runners trained for four weeks in one of three cross-training modalities, in addition to a running-only (RUN, n=9) group, for which training sessions replaced two easy runs per week: cycling (CYCLE; n=6), indoor elliptical (ELLIP; n=7) and, outdoor elliptical bike (EBIKE; n=9)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185540/functional-movement-disorders-five-new-things
#18
Tamara Pringsheim, Mark Edwards
Purpose of review: Functional movement disorders (FMD) are commonly seen in neurologic practice, but are associated with poor outcomes. Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest in this area, with new developments in pathophysiologic understanding and therapeutic management. Recent findings: Individuals with FMD are a psychologically heterogeneous group, with many individuals having no detectable psychopathology on symptom screening measures, and possibly significant etiologically relevant life events only revealed through in-depth interviews...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181255/development-of-a-screening-protocol-to-identify-individuals-with-dysfunctional-breathing
#19
Kyle Kiesel, Tonya Rhodes, Jacob Mueller, Alyssa Waninger, Robert Butler
Introduction: Dysfunctional breathing (DB) has been linked to health conditions including low back pain and neck pain and adversely effects the musculoskeletal system. Individuals with DB often have decreased pain thresholds and impaired motor control, balance, and movement. No single test or screen identifies DB, which is multi-dimensional, and includes biochemical, biomechanical, and psychophysiological components. Several tools assess and test for DB, but no screen exists to determine whether additional testing and assessment are indicated...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170690/correlation-between-the-functional-movement-screen-and-hip-mobility-in-ncaa-division-ii-athletes
#20
Matthew T Jenkins, Robert Gustitus, Mike Iosia, Taz Kicklighter, Yuichi Sasaki
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a series of seven exercises designed to assess athletes prior to competitive training to determine dysfunctional movement patterns. The exercises include the deep squat (DS), hurdle step (HS), inline lunge (IL), shoulder mobility (SM), active straight leg raise (ASL), pushup (PU), and rotary stability (RS), all of which comprise the composite score (FMS CS). The purpose of this study was to determine correlations between the FMS screens and hip mobility. The specific hip range-of-motion exercises used were bilateral internal/external rotation (IRR, IRL ERL, ERR), and flexion/extension (FL, FR, ER, EL)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
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