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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428762/gendered-pathways-how-mathematics-ability-beliefs-shape-secondary-and-postsecondary-course-and-degree-field-choices
#1
REVIEW
Lara Perez-Felkner, Samantha Nix, Kirby Thomas
Do mathematics ability beliefs explain gender gaps in the physical science, engineering, mathematics, and computer science fields (PEMC) and other science fields? We leverage U.S. nationally representative longitudinal data to estimate gendered differences in girls' and boys' perceptions of mathematics ability with the most difficult or challenging material. Our analyses examine the potentially interacting effects of gender and these ability beliefs on students' pathways to scientific careers. Specifically, we study how beliefs about ability with challenging mathematics influence girls' and boys' choices to pursue PEMC degrees, evaluating educational milestones over a 6-year period: advanced science course completion in secondary school and postsecondary major retention and selection...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422816/why-not-wait-eight-institutions-share-their-experiences-moving-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-after-core-clinical-clerkships
#2
Michelle Daniel, Amy Fleming, Colleen O'Conner Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Sibel Klimstra, Gail Morrison, Arnyce Pock, Michael L Schwartz, Sally Santen
The majority of medical students complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 after their foundational sciences; however, there are compelling reasons to examine this practice. This article provides the perspectives of eight MD-granting medical schools that have moved Step 1 after the core clerkships, describing their rationale, logistics of the change, outcomes, and lessons learned. The primary reasons these institutions cite for moving Step 1 after clerkships are to foster more enduring and integrated basic science learning connected to clinical care and to better prepare students for the increasingly clinical focus of Step 1...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421207/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-epstein-barr-virus-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinomas-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#3
Du-Bois Asante, Richard Harry Asmah, Andrew Anthony Adjei, Foster Kyei, David Larbi Simpong, Charles Addoquaye Brown, Richard Kwasi Gyasi
Nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) are endemic in Far East Asia and commonly harbour Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which is known to serve as a key oncogenic promoter. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of NPC. However, in Ghana these two viruses have not been linked to NPC prevalence. This study was designed to determine the HPV genotypes and EBV involved in NPC tissue biopsies. A retrospective study design involving 72 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue (FFPET) samples of NPC from 2006 to 2012 were retrieved from the Department of Pathology, University of Ghana School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420265/ichampss-usability-and-psychosocial-impact-for-increasing-implementation-of-sexual-health-education
#4
Belinda F Hernandez, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog, Efrat K Gabay, Paula M Cuccaro, Robert C Addy, Eric Ratliff, Susan T Emery, Christine M Markham
INTRODUCTION: Diffusion of sexual health evidence-based programs (EBPs) in schools is a complex and challenging process. iCHAMPSS ( CHoosing And Maintaining effective Programs for Sex education in Schools) is an innovative theory- and Web-based decision support system that may help facilitate this process. The purpose of this study was to pilot-test iCHAMPSS for usability and short-term psychosocial impact. METHOD: School district stakeholders from across Texas were recruited ( N = 16) and given access to iCHAMPSS for 3 weeks in fall 2014...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416418/current-progress-toward-a-better-understanding-of-drug-disposition-within-the-lungs-summary-proceedings-of-the-1-st-workshop-on-drug-transporters-in-the-lungs
#5
REVIEW
Carsten Ehrhardt, Per Bäckman, William Couet, Chris Edwards, Ben Forbes, Markus Fridén, Mark Gumbleton, Ken-Ichi Hosoya, Yukio Kato, Takeo Nakanishi, Mikihisa Takano, Tetsuya Terasaki, Ryoko Yumoto
The School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at Trinity College Dublin hosted the 1(st)Workshop on Drug Transporters in the Lungs in September 2016 to discuss the impact of transporters on pulmonary drug disposition and their roles as drug targets in lung disease. The workshop brought together about 30 scientists from academia and pharmaceutical industry from Europe and Japan and addressed the primary questions: What do we know today, and what do we need to know tomorrow about transporters in the lung? The three themes of the workshop were: (1) techniques to study drug transporter expression and actions in the lungs; (2) drug transporter effects on pulmonary pharmacokinetics - case studies; and (3) transporters as drug targets in lung disease...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416279/the-impact-of-work-life-balance-on-intention-to-stay-in-academia-results-from-a-national-survey-of-pharmacy-faculty
#6
Tristan Lindfelt, Eric J Ip, Alejandra Gomez, Mitchell J Barnett
PURPOSE: Border-Crossing theory suggests work-life balance and career satisfaction are inter-related and disappointment in work-life balance may predict changes in one's career path. Application of this theory to health profession faculty is plausible but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to examine factors related to reported career change intention among United States pharmacy school faculty and to determine if Border-Crossing theory fits these observations. METHODS: Results from a national web-based survey administered via Qualtrics(®) to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized...
April 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413632/is-in-vivo-laparoscopic-simulation-learning-a-step-forward-in-the-undergraduate-surgical-education
#7
Panteleimon Pantelidis, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Georgios Stagias, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Zografos, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essentials Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course addressed at the Undergraduate level. Laparoscopic Skills is a fundamental element of Surgical Education and various Simulation-Based Learning (SBL) models have been endorsed. This study aims to explore if there is any significant difference in delegates' performance depending on whether they completed In Vivo module prior to the equivalent in the laparoscopic simulator...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409171/determinants-of-social-accountability-in-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-schools-a-delphi-study
#8
Amir Reza Salehmoghaddam, Seyed Reza Mazloom, Mohammad Sharafkhani, Hassan Gholami, Amir Emami Zeydi, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Ali Emadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Revising the medical education programs to meet the needs of society has become both a necessity and an important priority due to the considerable increase of population, changing patterns of diseases, and new health priorities. While this necessity has been highlighted in Iran's Fifth Development Plan as well as its National 2025 Vision Plan, the determinants of social accountability have not been explained yet. This study aimed to develop determinants of social accountability in the Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Schools...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407453/stressing-escherichia-coli-to-educate-students-about-research-a-cure-to-investigate-multiple-levels-of-gene-regulation
#9
Janet McDonough, Lara K Goudsouzian, Agllai Papaj, Ashley R Maceli, Vanja Klepac-Ceraj, Celeste N Peterson
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) have been shown to increase student retention and learning in the biological sciences. Most CURES cover only one aspect of gene regulation, such as transcriptional control. Here we present a new inquiry-based lab that engages understanding of gene expression from multiple perspectives. Students carry out a forward genetic screen to identify regulators of the stationary phase master regulator RpoS in the model organism Escherichia coli and then use a series of reporter fusions to determine if the regulation is at the level of transcription or the post-transcription level...
April 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406113/creating-a-longitudinal-database-in-medical-education-perspectives-from-the-pioneers
#10
Rashmi A Kusurkar, Gerda Croiset
The Jefferson Longitudinal Study of Medical Education (JLSME) is the longest running database in medical education and covers the collection and measurement of background, learning, performance, and psychosocial variables before, during, and after medical school. Recently, our research group at VU University Medical Center School of Medical Sciences launched a longitudinal study in medical education, called the "Student Motivation and Success Study." While setting up this study, we faced many challenges and learning about the JLSME helped us gain a fresh perspective on our work...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400991/computer-science-biology-and-biomedical-informatics-academy-outcomes-from-5-years-of-immersing-high-school-students-into-informatics-research
#11
EDITORIAL
Andrew J King, Arielle M Fisher, Michael J Becich, David N Boone
The University of Pittsburgh's Department of Biomedical Informatics and Division of Pathology Informatics created a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) pipeline in 2011 dedicated to providing cutting-edge informatics research and career preparatory experiences to a diverse group of highly motivated high-school students. In this third editorial installment describing the program, we provide a brief overview of the pipeline, report on achievements of the past scholars, and present results from self-reported assessments by the 2015 cohort of scholars...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382672/a-multidisciplinary-research-framework-on-green-schools-infrastructure-social-environment-occupant-health-and-performance
#12
Sheryl Magzamen, Adam P Mayer, Stephanie Barr, Lenora Bohren, Brian Dunbar, Dale Manning, Stephen J Reynolds, Joshua W Schaeffer, Jordan Suter, Jennifer E Cross
BACKGROUND: Sustainable school buildings hold much promise to reducing operating costs, improve occupant well-being and, ultimately, teacher and student performance. However, there is a scarcity of evidence on the effects of sustainable school buildings on health and performance indicators. We sought to create a framework for a multidisciplinary research agenda that links school facilities, health, and educational outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a nonsystematic review of peer review publications, government documents, organizational documents, and school climate measurement instruments...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381929/association-between-emotional-intelligence-and-perceived-stress-in-undergraduate-dental-students
#13
Norkhafizah Saddki, Noraini Sukerman, Dasmawati Mohamad
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association of emotional intelligence (EI) and other factors with perceived stress (PS) in undergraduate dental students. METHODS: A total of 234 undergraduate dental students at the School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), in the academic year of 2009/2010, participated in this cross-sectional study. Self-administered questionnaires, the Assessing Emotions Scale and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), were used to evaluate EI and PS, respectively...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381896/establishment-and-implementation-of-a-required-medication-therapy-management-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience
#14
Wesley Nuffer, Eric Gilliam, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend
Objective. To develop a community pharmacy-based medication therapy management (MTM) advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) that provides students with skills and knowledge to deliver entry-level pharmacy MTM services. Design. The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) partnered with three community pharmacy chains to establish this three-week, required MTM APPE. Students completed the American Pharmacists Association MTM Certificate Course prior to entering the APPE...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381724/current-status-of-regulatory-science-education-in-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-science-in-japan
#15
Masahiro Tohkin
 I introduce the current pharmaceutical education system in Japan, focusing on regulatory science. University schools or faculties of pharmaceutical science in Japan offer two courses: a six-year course for pharmacists and a four-year course for scientists and technicians. Students in the six-year pharmaceutical course receive training in hospitals and pharmacies during their fifth year, and those in the four-year life science course start research activities during their third year. The current model core curriculum for pharmaceutical education requires them to "explain the necessity and significance of regulatory science" as a specific behavior object...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381715/current-status-and-issues-in-basic-pharmaceutical-education
#16
Tomohisa Yasuhara
 Basic research in pharmaceutical sciences has a long and successful history. Researchers in this field have long given prime importance to the knowledge they have gained through their pharmaceutical education. The transition of pharmacy education to a 6-year course term has not only extended its duration but also placed more emphasis on practical clinical education. The School Education Act (in article 87, second paragraph) determines that "the term of the course, whose main purpose is to cultivate practical ability in clinical pharmacy, shall be six years" (excerpt)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381714/status-and-problems-of-humanities-education-with-respect-to-pharmacy-education
#17
Satoko Ishikawa
 In 2006, a model core curriculum in pharmaceutical studies was developed prior to the outset of the 6-year pharmacy degree. In the 10 years that followed, medical care and life science technology has progressed, pharmaceutical laws have been revised, and the responsibilities of pharmacists have increased. In response to such social changes and needs, the Model Core Curriculum for Pharmacy Education was revised in December 2013. In order to play an active role as a pharmacist in any medical workplace, it is important for pharmacy students to develop their communication skills and attitudes in order to foster the trust of their patients and other medical professionals...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380340/a-self-assisting-protein-folding-model-for-teaching-structural-molecular-biology
#18
Jodi Davenport, Michael Pique, Elizabeth Getzoff, Jon Huntoon, Adam Gardner, Arthur Olson
Structural molecular biology is now becoming part of high school science curriculum thus posing a challenge for teachers who need to convey three-dimensional (3D) structures with conventional text and pictures. In many cases even interactive computer graphics does not go far enough to address these challenges. We have developed a flexible model of the polypeptide backbone using 3D printing technology. With this model we have produced a polypeptide assembly kit to create an idealized model of the Triosephosphate isomerase mutase enzyme (TIM), which forms a structure known as TIM barrel...
April 4, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379930/from-inputs-to-impacts-assessing-and-communicating-the-full-value-of-biomedical-research
#19
Ann C Bonham, Philip M Alberti
Assessing and communicating the full value of biomedical research is essential to answer calls from the government and the public demanding accountability for the spending of public funds. In academic settings, however, research success is measured largely in terms of grant funding received or the number of peer-reviewed publications produced. These credible and time-tested metrics miss the full picture of the scientific process, which continues to confer benefits to patients, communities, and the health care system well after an article is published...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377916/empowering-the-physiotherapy-profession-in-ethiopia-through-leadership-development-within-the-doctoring-process
#20
Cheryl Burditt Footer, Hailu Seifu Tsegaye, Tesfaye Asnake Yitnagashaw, Wintana Mekonnen, Tizita Destaw Shiferaw, Endashaw Abera, Alice Davis
Ethiopia recently introduced the Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT) degree at Addis Ababa University as a mechanism to increase the work force capacity of primary care providers in the health sector. The DPT program was supported by an international academic partnership and was designed to empower physiotherapists as leaders to move the profession forward. The curriculum was framed by core pedagogical principles and strategies and was phased into two programs. First, the 4-year Advanced Standing DPT program focused on developing registered Ethiopian physiotherapists with Bachelor of Science degrees as academic faculty...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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