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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#1
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#2
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#3
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512493/radiographic-quality-of-root-canal-obturation-performed-by-fifth-year-students-of-hamadan-dental-school
#4
Amir Eskandarloo, Hamed Karkehabadi, Seyedeh Zeinab Hoseini Hashemi, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Seyedeh Sareh Hendi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the radiographic technical quality of root canal therapy performed by fifth year students of Dental School of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2016. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four hundred and seventy records of root canal therapies were evaluated. Records with graphies taken as initial, master apical file (MAF), master apical cone (MAC) and final radiographs were included in the study and records of patient younger than 16 years and older than 68 years were excluded from further investigations...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512438/are-neurodynamic-organizations-a-fundamental-property-of-teamwork
#5
Ronald H Stevens, Trysha L Galloway
When performing a task it is important for teams to optimize their strategies and actions to maximize value and avoid the cost of surprise. The decisions teams make sometimes have unintended consequences and they must then reorganize their thinking, roles and/or configuration into corrective structures more appropriate for the situation. In this study we ask: What are the neurodynamic properties of these reorganizations and how do they relate to the moment-by-moment, and longer, performance-outcomes of teams?...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511363/solving-the-mystery-of-the-antero-lateral-ligament
#6
P H Sonia Farhan, Rathi Sudhakaran, Jai Thilak
INTRODUCTION: The cruciate ligaments are essential for the antero-posterior stability of the knee joint. In Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) rupture, though reconstructive surgery is a widely accepted and proven procedure, there is still an unacceptably high re-injury rate. The fact that the rotational instability persists even after the surgical reconstruction of ACL injury has evoked a new interest in the study of the soft tissue structures on the anterolateral aspect of the knee joint...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510572/1-2-million-kids-and-counting-mobile-science-laboratories-drive-student-interest-in-stem
#7
Amanda L Jones, Mary K Stapleton
In today's increasingly technological society, a workforce proficient in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills is essential. Research has shown that active engagement by K-12 students in hands-on science activities that use authentic science tools promotes student learning and retention. Mobile laboratory programs provide this type of learning in schools and communities across the United States and internationally. Many programs are members of the Mobile Lab Coalition (MLC), a nonprofit organization of mobile and other laboratory-based education programs built on scientist and educator collaborations...
May 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507040/cell-scientist-to-watch-melike-lakadamyali
#8
(no author information available yet)
Melike received a bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Texas at Austin and joined the laboratory of Xiaowei Zhuang at Harvard University for her PhD, which was awarded in 2006. She worked as a postdoctoral fellow under Jeff Lichtman at the Center for Brain Science at Harvard University. In 2010, Melike joined the Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO) in Barcelona, Spain, as a junior group leader. She was the recipient of an EMBO Young Investigator Award in 2013 and became senior group leader at the ICFO in 2015...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498526/the-role-of-mothers-communication-in-promoting-motivation-for-math-and-science-course-taking-in-high-school
#9
Janet S Hyde, Elizabeth A Canning, Christopher S Rozek, Emily Clarke, Chris S Hulleman, Judith M Harackiewicz
In the context of concerns about American youths' failure to take advanced math and science (MS) courses in high school, we examined mothers' communication with their adolescent about taking MS courses. At ninth grade, U.S. mothers (n = 130) were interviewed about their responses to hypothetical questions from their adolescent about the usefulness of algebra, geometry, calculus, biology, chemistry, and physics. Responses were coded for elaboration and making personal connections to the adolescent. The number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics courses taken in 12th grade was obtained from school records...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496289/what-if-reading-is-easy-but-unimportant-how-students-patterns-of-affirming-and-undermining-motivation-for-reading-information-texts-predict-different-reading-outcomes
#10
Emily Q Rosenzweig, Allan Wigfield
Many affirming and undermining motivational constructs affect students as they read information texts, but few researchers have explored how these motivations are patterned within students. In this study we used cluster analysis to classify middle school students (n = 1,134) based on their patterns of self-efficacy, perceived difficulty, value, and devalue for reading school information texts. We then compared how the patterns predicted students' language arts grades, science information text comprehension, and dedication to reading school information texts...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496268/effect-of-a-dedicated-pharmacy-student-summer-research-program-on-publication-rate
#11
Katharina Brandl, David Adler, Carolyn Kelly, Palmer Taylor, Brookie M Best
Objectives. This study investigated the impact of an optional 12-week summer research program on the publication outcomes and satisfaction with the required research projects of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) at the University of California San Diego. Methods. PubMed and Google searches provided student publications, and satisfaction surveys submitted by students provided their perceptions of the research project value. Results. Of the studied cohort, the 130 students who fulfilled the requirement through the optional summer research program provided 61 full-text manuscripts and 113 abstracts...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493914/take-me-where-i-want-to-go-institutional-prestige-advisor-sponsorship-and-academic-career-placement-preferences
#12
Diogo L Pinheiro, Julia Melkers, Sunni Newton
Placement in prestigious research institutions for STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) PhD recipients is generally considered to be optimal. Yet some doctoral recipients are not interested in intensive research careers and instead seek alternative careers, outside but also within academe (for example teaching positions in Liberal Arts Schools). Recent attention to non-academic pathways has expanded our understanding of alternative PhD careers. However, career preferences and placements are also nuanced along the academic pathway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493596/overcoming-the-tower-of-babel-in-medical-science-by-finding-the-equator-research-reporting-guidelines
#13
Christopher R Carpenter, Zachary F Meisel
You are hosting a journal club on chest pain management in the emergency department (ED) for colleagues and trainees in your department. Interested in understanding the history of cardiac biomarkers to evaluate ED patients with chest pain, you search PubMed using the combination of terms "cardiac biomarker", "chest pain", and "emergency department". Your search nets no studies prior to 2002 which you doubt is accurate, so you take the old-fashioned approach and start flipping through the oldest issues of emergency medicine journals at your local medical school library...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492732/going-beyond-academic-integrity-might-broaden-our-understanding-of-plagiarism-in-science-education-a-perspective-from-a-study-in-brazil
#14
Christiane C Santos, Patrícia S Dos Santos, Maurício C Sant'ana, Hatisaburo Masuda, Monica B Barboza, Sonia M R Vasconcelos
Fostering innovation and creativity is a priority in the science and education policy agenda of most countries, which have advocated that innovative minds and processes will boost scientific and economic growth. While our knowledge society has embraced this view, fostering creativity is among the major challenges faced by educators and policymakers. For example, plagiarism, which may be considered a form of imitation and repetition, is a global concern at schools and universities. However, most discussions focus on academic integrity, which, we believe, leaves some gaps in the approach to the problem...
May 4, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492205/the-identification-and-grading-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-tinea-capitis-in-primary-school-children-in-a-semi-urban-area-of-rivers-state-nigeria
#15
Agnes E Fienemika, Chukwuma U Okeafor
INTRODUCTION: Tinea capitis is a fungal skin disease, which is not life-threatening but could affect the psychosocial life of those suffering from it. Thus, this study sought to identify and grade the psychosocial impact related to Tinea capitis in primary school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving primary school children in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. These children had been clinically diagnosed with Tinea capitis...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491465/the-potential-scientist-s-dilemma-how-the-masculinization-of-science-shapes-friendships-and-science-job-preferences
#16
G Robin Gauthier, Patricia Wonch Hill, Julia McQuillan, Amy N Spiegel, Judy Diamond
In the United States, girls and boys have similar science achievement, yet fewer girls aspire to science careers than boys. This paradox emerges in middle school, when peers begin to play a stronger role in shaping adolescent identities. We use complete network data from a single middle school and theories of gender, identity, and social distance to explore how friendship patterns might influence this gender and science paradox. Three patterns highlight the social dimensions of gendered science persistence: (1) boys and girls do not differ in self-perceived science potential and science career aspirations; (2) consistent with gender-based norms, both middle school boys and girls report that the majority of their female friends are not science kinds of people; and (3) youth with gender-inconsistent science aspirations are more likely to be friends with each other than youth with gender normative science aspirations...
March 2017: Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482967/prevalence-of-asthma-and-allergies-in-13-14-year-old-adolescents-from-luanda-angola
#17
M Arrais, O Lulua, F Quifica, J Rosado-Pinto, J M R Gama, L Taborda-Barata
SETTING: The few epidemiological studies on asthma and allergic diseases performed in Africa have shown that the prevalence of these diseases is high or increasing. No such studies have been performed in Angola. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases in Angolan adolescents. DESIGN: This was a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study in the province of Luanda, Angola, using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood study methodology in adolescents aged 13 and 14 years...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473869/common-mental-disorder-and-its-association-with-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-students-ethiopia
#18
Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile, Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorder (CMD) is prevalent in industrialized and non-industrialized countries. The prevalence of CMD among university students was 28.8-44.7% and attributed to several risk factors, such as schooling. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of CMD. In addition, the association between CMD and academic performance was tested. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 422 students at Debre Berhan university from March to April 2015...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#19
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465649/establishing-a-multicenter-longitudinal-clinical-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-advanced-clinical-monitoring-of-antiretroviral-treatment-project
#20
Alula M Teklu, Eyuel Tsegaye, Daniel Fekade, Abraham Hailemelak, William Weiss, Elham Hassen, Nicole Simmons, Solomon Zewdu, Yifru Berhan, Assefa Getachew, Tesfalem Hagos, Achamyeleh Alebachew, Melake Damena, Yohannes Sitotaw, Yibeltal Assefa, Girmay Medhin, Andrea Ruff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to describe the establishment of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART Project in Ethiopia for monitoring and evaluation of the longitudinal effectiveness of the ART program and to show the opportunities it presents. This cohort was established in response to the 2005 call by WHO for establishing additional mechanisms for stronger monitoring of ART and the need for creating the platform to generate evidence to guide the care given for the ever increasing number of patients on ART in Ethiopia...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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