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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634530/the-role-of-medical-education-in-the-development-of-the-scientific-practice-of-medicine
#1
Lucien Cardinal, Alan Kaell
The authors describe the important role of medical schools and graduate medical education programs (residencies) in relationship to the advances in Medicine witnessed during the twentieth century; diagnosis, prognosis and treatment were revolutionized. This historical essay details the evolution of the education system and the successful struggle to introduce a uniform, science-based curriculum and bedside education. The result was successive generations of soundly educated physicians prepared with a broad knowledge in science, an understanding of laboratory methods and the ability to practice medicine at the bedside...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633755/dermatologists-mohs-surgeon
#2
Uc Davis School Of Medicine Dept Of Dermatology
The University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, is recruiting for four academic dermatologists in the Clinical X series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) series at the Assistant/Associate/Professor level based on experience and qualifications. Three of these positions are for general medical dermatologists, and one is for a fellowship-trained Mohs surgeon/procedural dermatologist. The appointments may be made up to 100%.
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632012/medical-school-outcomes-primary-care-specialty-choice-and-practice-in-medically-underserved-areas-by-physician-alumni-of-medprep-a-postbaccalaureate-premedical-program-for-underrepresented-and-disadvantaged-students
#3
Anneke M Metz
PROBLEM: Minorities continue to be underrepresented as physicians in medicine, and the United States currently has a number of medically underserved communities. MEDPREP, a postbaccalaureate medical school preparatory program for socioeconomically disadvantaged or underrepresented in medicine students, has a stated mission to increase the numbers of physicians from minority or disadvantaged backgrounds and physicians working with underserved populations. This study aims to determine how MEDPREP enhances U...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625495/assessing-the-effect-of-an-intensive-2-week-surgical-training-and-innovation-program-for-high-school-students
#4
Brian Labadie, Roshan M Patel, Jessica Gandy Labadie, Christina Hwang, Zhamshid Okhunov, Jaime Landman
OBJECTIVE: The summer surgery program (SSP) was founded in 2012 as an educational program for students at the critical juncture between high school and college to engender interest in medicine, science, and innovation. This program has a distinct emphasis on innovation and problem solving based on real-life operative challenges identified by students during surgical observation in the operating room. The effect of the SSP regarding postsecondary education and career goals was evaluated by participants using a follow-up questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624601/the-manchester-fly-facility-implementing-an-objective-driven-long-term-science-communication-initiative
#5
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is increasingly important for scientists, although research, teaching and administration activities tend to eat up our time already, and budgets for science communication are usually low. It appears impossible to combine all these tasks and, in addition, to develop engagement activities to a quality and impact that would make the efforts worth their while. Here we argue that these challenges are easier addressed when centering science communication initiatives on a long-term vision with a view to eventually forming outreach networks where the load can be shared whilst being driven to higher momentum...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621656/pathways-to-policy-lessons-learned-in-multisectoral-collaboration-for-physical-activity-and-built-environment-policy-development-from-the-coalitions-linking-action-and-science-for-prevention-clasp-initiative
#6
Christopher E Politis, David L Mowat, Deb Keen
OBJECTIVES: The Canadian Partnership Against Cancer funded 12 large-scale knowledge to action cancer and chronic disease prevention projects between 2009 and 2016 through the Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) initiative. Two projects, Healthy Canada by Design (HCBD) and Children's Mobility, Health and Happiness (CMHH), developed policies to address physical activity and the built environment through a multisectoral approach. A qualitative analysis involving a review of 183 knowledge products and 8 key informant interviews was conducted to understand what policy changes occurred, and the underlying critical success factors, through these projects...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#7
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614099/predictors-of-nursing-graduate-school-success
#8
Brady Patzer, Elizabeth H Lazzara, Joseph R Keebler, Maha H Madi, Patricia Dwyer, Alicia A Huckstadt, Betty Smith-Campbell
Several factors influence success in nursing graduate school. This study collected retrospective data from students in a nursing graduate program to determine which factors predict success. Data were analyzed using a multiple regression analysis to predict success (i.e., graduation grade point average [GPA]) from student characteristics. The predictors were nursing course GPA, undergraduate science GPA, GPA upon admission to nursing graduate school, experience in a specialty, and the duration of that experience...
June 13, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611506/indian-science-culture-needs-a-paradigm-shift
#9
Om P Sharma
There is a general impression in the scientific community in our country that the way science is taught, leant and the work culture of research and management of academic and research institutions is not conducive to cutting edge research, innovation and making world leaders. Mentoring continues to be poor with some exceptions. Very often, senior scientists with long innings in science teaching and research express anguish at the status quo in spite of a number of policy documents and recommendations for change...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610442/the-effect-of-a-corrective-functional-exercise-program-on-postural-thoracic-kyphosis-in-teenagers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Qiang Feng, Mei Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a corrective functional exercise program on postural thoracic kyphosis in teenagers in China. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial including students with a thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA) >40° measured using the SpinalMouse. SETTING: China Institute of Sport Science and three middle schools in Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: A total of 181 subjects were included in this trial; of these, 164 subjects were included in the analyses (intervention group, n = 81; control group, n = 83)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607661/effect-of-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-among-adolescent-girls-a-randomized-control-trial
#11
Fatemeh Darabi, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh, Fereshteh Majlessi, Farideh Khalaj Abadi Farahani, Mehdi Yaseri, Davoud Shojaeizadeh
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) rates decline among most high school female students, and due to cultural restrictions, the reduction of physical activity might be exacerbated in female Iranian adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of the physical activity education theory-based intervention to promote activity among adolescent girls. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at public high schools in Tehran, Iran, from September 2015 to July 2016 on 578 girls...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#12
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607070/network-dynamics-of-social-influence-in-the-wisdom-of-crowds
#13
Joshua Becker, Devon Brackbill, Damon Centola
A longstanding problem in the social, biological, and computational sciences is to determine how groups of distributed individuals can form intelligent collective judgments. Since Galton's discovery of the "wisdom of crowds" [Galton F (1907) Nature 75:450-451], theories of collective intelligence have suggested that the accuracy of group judgments requires individuals to be either independent, with uncorrelated beliefs, or diverse, with negatively correlated beliefs [Page S (2008) The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies]...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604527/spiritual-nursing-care-education-an-integrated-strategy-for-teaching-students
#14
Donna M White, Mikel Hand
The failure of nursing schools to integrate spiritual nursing care education into the curriculum has contributed to a lack in nurses' spiritual care ability. Developing, integrating, and testing a Spiritual Care Nursing Education strategy in an Associates of Science nursing program significantly increased the perceived spiritual care competence of student nurses. Utilizing a faculty team to develop learning activities to address critical spiritual care attributes offers a method to integrate spiritual nursing care content throughout the curriculum in ASN and BSN programs...
July 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601018/geospatial-evaluation-of-lead-bioaccessibility-and-distribution-for-site-specific-prediction-of-threshold-limits
#15
Jennifer A Bower, Sydney Lister, Garrett Hazebrouck, Nicolas Perdrial
Recent work identified the need for site-specific Pb bioaccessibility evaluation and scaled contaminant modeling. Pb heterogeneity has made bioaccessibility characterization difficult, and complicated distribution models. Using field testing, bioaccessibility measurement, Integrated Exposure Uptake and Biokinetic (IEUBK) modeling, and geospatial techniques, we propose a framework for conducting applied risk-based, multiscale assessment. This framework was tested and implemented in Burlington, VT, an area of old housing stock and high Pb burden (up to 15 000 mg kg(-1)) derived primarily from paint...
June 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600377/serious-gaming-during-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-complex-chronic-pain-or-fatigue-complaints-study-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial-and-process-evaluation
#16
Miel A P Vugts, Margot C W Joosen, Agali Mert, Aglaia Zedlitz, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
INTRODUCTION: Many individuals suffer from chronic pain or functional somatic syndromes and face boundaries for diminishing functional limitations by means of biopsychosocial interventions. Serious gaming could complement multidisciplinary interventions through enjoyment and independent accessibility. A study protocol is presented for studying whether, how, for which patients and under what circumstances, serious gaming improves patient health outcomes during regular multidisciplinary rehabilitation...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598183/dental-fear-anxiety-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, E Lupatelli, S Pagano, I Abraha, A Montedori, S Caruso, R Gatto, S De Giorgio, R Salvato
AIM: The aim of this paper was to review the published scientific literature to quantify the prevalence and mean score of dental fear/anxiety (DFA) in children/adolescents and its variation according to several variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross- sectional and cohort studies published from 2000 to 2014, that measured DFA in children /adolescents (aged 0-19 years), in the general population, or visiting private or public dental services (general or pediatric) or attending school and kindergarten, were searched, with specific terms, in 3 electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Web Of Science)...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597872/flipped-learning-course-design-and-evaluation-through-student-self-assessment-in-a-predental-science-class
#18
Jungjoon Ihm, Hyoseon Choi, Sangho Roh
PURPOSE: This study explores how to design a flipped classroom for a predental science course and evaluate its course through student self-assessment in order to provide practical implications for flipped learning in an undergraduate level. METHODS: Second- and third-year predental students in the Seoul National University School of Dentistry enrolled in Biodiversity and Global Environment, a 15-week, three-credit course based on a flipped learning model. At the end of the course, the students were asked to rate their self-directed learning, attitude toward social media, discussion skills, learning readiness, and class satisfaction...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592579/attitudes-and-behaviours-of-adolescents-towards-antibiotics-and-self-care-for-respiratory-tract-infections-a-qualitative-study
#19
Meredith Kd Hawking, Donna M Lecky, Pia Touboul Lundgren, Eman Aldigs, Hind Abdulmajed, Eleni Ioannidou, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Pauline Khouri, Micaela Gal, Andreas Ch Hadjichambis, Demetrios Mappouras, Cliodna Am McNulty
BACKGROUND: To understand attitudes and behaviours of adolescents towards antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance and respiratory tract infections. DESIGN: Qualitative approach informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups were undertaken. We aimed to inform the development of an intervention in an international setting to improve antibiotic use among adolescents; therefore on completion of thematic analysis, findings were triangulated with qualitative data from similar studies in France, Saudi Arabia and Cyprus to elucidate differences in the behaviour change model and adaptation to diverse contexts...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592502/the-mouse-lemur-a-genetic-model-organism-for-primate-biology-behavior-and-health
#20
REVIEW
Camille Ezran, Caitlin J Karanewsky, Jozeph L Pendleton, Alex Sholtz, Maya R Krasnow, Jason Willick, Andriamahery Razafindrakoto, Sarah Zohdy, Megan A Albertelli, Mark A Krasnow
Systematic genetic studies of a handful of diverse organisms over the past 50 years have transformed our understanding of biology. However, many aspects of primate biology, behavior, and disease are absent or poorly modeled in any of the current genetic model organisms including mice. We surveyed the animal kingdom to find other animals with advantages similar to mice that might better exemplify primate biology, and identified mouse lemurs (Microcebus spp.) as the outstanding candidate. Mouse lemurs are prosimian primates, roughly half the genetic distance between mice and humans...
June 2017: Genetics
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