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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217541/urban-and-rural-disparity-in-tobacco-use-and-knowledge-about-oral-cancer-among-adolescents-an-epidemiological-survey-on-12-and-15-year-school-going-students
#1
Rajesh Sabnis, Kamtaram Sahu, Deepak Thakur, Sanidhya Surana, Heena Mazhar, Soumy Pandey
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the tobacco use prevalence; to understand and compare attitudes and knowledge related to tobacco use and its health impact among urban and rural students; and to assess urban and rural disparity in the use of tobacco among 12 and 15-year-old adolescents in the urban and rural schools in Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12 and 15-year-old and urban and rural school going children in Durg District...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215380/youth-adult-connectedness-a-key-protective-factor-for-adolescent-health
#2
Renee E Sieving, Annie-Laurie McRee, Barbara J McMorris, Rebecca J Shlafer, Amy L Gower, Hillary M Kapa, Kara J Beckman, Jennifer L Doty, Shari L Plowman, Michael D Resnick
Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents' sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215377/healthy-empowered-youth-a-positive-youth-development-program-for-native-youth
#3
Stephanie N Craig Rushing, Nichole L Hildebrandt, Carol J Grimes, Amanda J Rowsell, Benjamin C Christensen, William E Lambert
INTRODUCTION: During 2010-2012, Oregon Health & Science University's Prevention Research Center, a Northwest Tribe, and the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, collaborated to evaluate the Healthy & Empowered Youth Project, a school- and community-based positive youth development program for American Indian and Alaska Native high school students. METHODS: The Native STAND (Students Together Against Negative Decisions) curriculum was enhanced with hands-on learning activities in media design to engage students in sexual and reproductive health topics covered by the curriculum...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215375/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-research-center-partnership
#4
EDITORIAL
Lesley Cottrell, Karen Northrup, Richard Wittberg
For more than a decade, the West Virginia Prevention Research Center, Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, and the Wood County Schools have built and sustained a partnership to reduce health disparities and promote population health. Specifically, this partnership has contributed significantly to the peer-reviewed literature on children's physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, as well as identifying possible areas for physical activity interventions (within the school and community settings) that would improve health and academic outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214638/pre-residency-publication-number-does-not-predict-academic-career-placement-in-neurosurgery
#5
Marcus Daniels, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Russell Maxwell, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang, Tim Witham, Chetan Bettegowda, Kaisorn L Chaichana
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear if pre-residency and/or residency research work impacts academic neurosurgery placement post-residency. The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact that pre-residency and residency research publication has on attaining academic faculty positions. METHODS: Alumni information was collected from 65 of the 108 (60%) neurosurgery residency websites. Graduates from these programs between 2005-2015 (N=949) were analyzed to determine factors associated with an academic career...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212900/basic-educational-needs-of-midwifery-students-for-taking-the-role-of-an-assistance-in-disaster-situations-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#6
Z Taghizadeh, M Khoshnam Rad, A Montazeri
BACKGROUND: After disasters, the disaster medical assistance team composed of skilful healthcare staff should be available at the disaster site for providing care to disaster's victims. It is believed that midwives are at the front line of the disaster management team and should be prepared for providing care to mothers and children. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the midwifery students' basic educational needs for taking the role of an assistant in disaster situations...
January 22, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#7
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208882/pbl-trigger-design-by-medical-students-an-effective-active-learning-strategy-outside-the-classroom
#9
Maya Roche, Indira Kakkunje Adiga, Akshatha G Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Problem Based Learning (PBL) is known world over as an effective, active learning strategy with many benefits for the student. Usually, in medical schools, PBL triggers are designed by a well-trained group of faculty from basic and clinical sciences. The challenge was whether this task could be given to students in the first year of their curriculum and be executed by them effectively. AIM: To enhance active learning, comprehension and critical thinking with a view to promote horizontal and vertical integration between subjects...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197995/explaining-academic-track-boys-underachievement-in-language-grades-not-a-lack-of-aptitude-but-students-motivational-beliefs-and-parents-perceptions
#11
Anke Heyder, Ursula Kessels, Ricarda Steinmayr
BACKGROUND: Boys earn lower grades in languages than girls. The expectancy-value model by Eccles et al. (, A series of books in psychology. Achievement and achievement motives. Psychological and sociological approaches, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 76) is a comprehensive theoretical model for explaining gender differences in educational outcomes. In the past, most studies have focused on girls' disadvantage in math and science and on the role of the students' motivational beliefs...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197115/application-and-evaluation-of-an-expert-judgment-elicitation-procedure-for-correlations
#12
Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Wenneke van de Schoot-Hubeek, Kimberley Lek, Herbert Hoijtink, Rens van de Schoot
The purpose of the current study was to apply and evaluate a procedure to elicit expert judgments about correlations, and to update this information with empirical data. The result is a face-to-face group elicitation procedure with as its central element a trial roulette question that elicits experts' judgments expressed as distributions. During the elicitation procedure, a concordance probability question was used to provide feedback to the experts on their judgments. We evaluated the elicitation procedure in terms of validity and reliability by means of an application with a small sample of experts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#13
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196495/measurement-of-availability-and-accessibility-of-food-among-youth-a-systematic-review-of-methodological-studies
#14
REVIEW
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Cristina Vaqué-Crusellas, Lene F Andersen, F Marijn Stok, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive and psychometrically tested measures of availability and accessibility of food are needed in order to explore availability and accessibility as determinants and predictors of dietary behaviors. The main aim of this systematic review was to update the evidence regarding the psychometric properties of measures of food availability and accessibility among youth. A secondary objective was to assess how availability and accessibility were conceptualized in the included studies...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192872/premedical-anatomy-experience-and-student-performance-in-medical-gross-anatomy
#15
Peter Kondrashov, Dalton J McDaniel, Rebecca M Jordan
INTRODUCTION: Gross anatomy is considered one of the most important basic science courses in medical education, yet few medical schools require its completion prior to matriculation. The effect of taking anatomy courses before entering medical school on performance in medical gross anatomy has been previously studied with inconsistent results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of premedical anatomy coursework on performance in medical gross anatomy, overall medical school grade point average (GPA), and Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination Level 1 (COMLEX 1) score was evaluated in 456 first-year osteopathic medical students along with a survey on its perceived benefits on success in medical gross anatomy course...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#16
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#17
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#18
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181248/i-spatial-skills-their-development-and-their-links-to-mathematics
#19
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
Understanding the development of spatial skills is important for promoting school readiness and improving overall success in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields (e.g., Wai, Lubinski, Benbow, & Steiger, 2010). Children use their spatial skills to understand the world, including visualizing how objects fit together, and can practice them via spatial assembly activities (e.g., puzzles or blocks). These skills are incorporated into measures of overall intelligence and have been linked to success in subjects like mathematics (Mix & Cheng, 2012) and science (Pallrand & Seeber, 1984; Pribyl & Bodner, 1987)...
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#20
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
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