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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228385/secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-primary-school-children-a-survey-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#1
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi
Introduction: We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh-a country with laws against smoking in public places. Methods: A survey of primary school children from two areas of the Dhaka district was conducted in 2015. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided saliva samples for cotinine measurement to assess SHS exposure with a cut-off range of ≥0.1ng/mL. Results: Four hundred and eighty-one children studying in year-5 were recruited from 12 primary schools...
December 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227958/limited-access-to-special-education-services-for-school-aged-children-with-developmental-delay
#2
Erica Twardzik, Ellen Smit, Bridget Hatfield, Michelle C Odden, Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Current policy in Oregon limits eligibility of children diagnosed with developmental delay for school-based services. Due to eligibility definitions, children with developmental delay may face additional barriers transitioning from early intervention/early childhood special education into school-based special education services. AIMS: Examine the relationship between enrollment in school-based special education programs given a change in primary disability diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227134/evaluating-the-effect-of-the-practical-approach-to-care-kit-on-teaching-medical-students-primary-care-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Robert Mash, Michael Pather, Hilary Rhode, Lara Fairall
BACKGROUND: South Africa is committed to health reforms that strengthen primary health care. Preparing future doctors to work in primary care teams with other professionals is a priority, and medical schools have shifted towards community-based and decentralised training of medical students. AIM: To evaluate the effect on student performance of the Practical Approach to Care Kit (PACK) (an integrated decision-making tool for adult primary care) during the final phase of medical student training at Stellenbosch University...
December 8, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227133/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-factors-amongst-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-outapi-clinic-namibia-a-descriptive-survey
#4
Leonard T Bikinesi, Robert Mash, Kate Joyner
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant and largely hidden public health problem for all women and, during pregnancy, can have significant effects on the health of both mother and the unborn baby. Previous Namibian studies suggest rates of IPV as high as 36%, although few studies have been conducted in primary care. AIM: To determine the prevalence of IPV amongst women attending antenatal care. SETTING: Outapi primary care clinic, Namibia...
December 6, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226893/assessment-of-factors-related-to-statin-non-adherence-in-patients-with-established-coronary-artery-disease-a-single-center-observational-study
#5
Tuba Özdemir, İrfan Şahin, İlhan İlker Avcı, Barış Güngör, Eser Durmaz, Sevil Tuğrul, Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Serdar Kahyaoğlu, Orkhan Karımov, Ertuğrul Okuyan
OBJECTIVE: Lifelong statin treatment is recommended in patients with cardiovascular diseases, but drug adherence is a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate factors related to statin discontinuation in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed by coronary angiography. METHODS: A total of 300 consecutive patients who were followed-up with a diagnosis of CAD were recruited. Patients were categorized as statin adherent or statin non-adherent (patients interrupting statin therapy >30 days)...
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226355/changes-in-verbal-and-visuospatial-working-memory-from-grade-1-to-grade-3-of-primary-school-population-longitudinal-study
#6
E Nicolaou, J Quach, J Lum, G Roberts, M Spencer-Smith, S Gathercole, P J Anderson, F K Mensah, M Wake
BACKGROUND: Adaptive working memory training is being implemented without an adequate understanding of developmental trajectories of working memory. We aimed to quantify from Grade 1 to Grade 3 of primary school (1) changes in verbal and visuospatial working memory and (2) whether low verbal and visuospatial working memory in Grade 1 predicts low working memory in Grade 3. METHOD: The study design includes a population-based longitudinal study of 1,802 children (66% uptake from all 2,747 Grade 1 students) at 44 randomly selected primary schools in Melbourne, Australia...
December 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#7
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226222/learning-processes-and-learning-problems-in-german-postgraduate-medical-education
#8
Hendrik van den Bussche, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Stine Ziegler
Objective: In order to evaluate the quality of postgraduate medical education in Germany, we examined how the learning of theoretical and practical competencies is conceptualized and how the learning process takes place in real terms. The training conditions, as perceived by medical residents, are compared with the learning objectives, as stated by the Federal Chamber of Physicians in its regulation on postgraduate education. The analysis is based on the data of the "KarMed" study (abbreviation of "career progression and career breaks among physicians during postgraduate education"), a multicentre cohort study of medical school graduates from seven universities who arre followed until they receive their licenses as specialist physicians...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225913/action-3-30r-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-feasibility-study-of-a-revised-teaching-assistant-led-extracurricular-physical-activity-intervention-for-8-to-10-year-olds
#9
Byron Tibbitts, Alice Porter, Simon J Sebire, Chris Metcalfe, Emma Bird, Jane Powell, Russell Jago
Background: Approximately half of 7-year-old children do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Interventions targeting primary school children's afterschool discretionary time could increase PA. Teaching assistants (TAs) are a school resource and could be trained to deliver after-school PA programmes. Building on earlier work, this paper describes the protocol for a cluster randomised feasibility study of a teaching assistant-led after-school intervention aimed at increasing PA levels of year 4 and 5 children (8-10 years old)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225481/perspectives-on-high-intensity-interval-exercise-for-health-promotion-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is virtue in identifying the efficacy of small volumes of high-intensity exercise for health benefits in children and adolescents for the primary prevention of CVD risk. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a novel overview of the available literature concerning high-intensity interval-exercise (HIIE) interventions in children and adolescents...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225383/assessment-of-risk-and-protection-in-native-american-youth-steps-toward-conducting-culturally-relevant-sustainable-prevention-in-indian-country
#11
Katarina Guttmannova, Melissa J Wheeler, Karl G Hill, Teresa A Evans-Campbell, Lacey A Hartigan, Tiffany M Jones, J David Hawkins, Richard F Catalano
Background: This study constitutes a building block in the cultural adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), a community-based prevention system that has been found to be effective in reducing youth problem behaviors. Methods: Using the data from the CTC normative survey dataset that consists of more than quarter million youth nationwide, this study examines the reliability and validity of scores derived from the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS), one of the primary assessment tools for gathering community data on risk and protective factors related to problem behaviors including substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224386/sexual-homicides-in-china-exploring-the-offender-victim-and-offense-characteristics
#12
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Feng Li, Sihai Liu, Xuesong Lu, Haipeng Jia
Nearly all information available on sexual homicides are limited to studies conducted in the West. Little is known about sexual homicides that occurred in China. The current study is arguably the first to explore the offender, victim, and offense characteristics of Chinese sexual homicides. Over a period of 23 years (1994 to 2016), the data of 59 cases collected from two data sources (i.e., published Chinese case reports and police data) are examined. Findings indicate that heterosexual assaults are far more prevalent in Chinese sexual homicides...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#13
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223685/the-effect-of-partners-education-on-women-s-reproductive-and-maternal-health-in-developing-countries
#14
Vissého Adjiwanou, Moussa Bougma, Thomas LeGrand
The effect of partners' education on women's and children's health in developing countries has received relatively little attention to date. This study uses couple data from 37 recent Demographic and Health Surveys fielded in sub-Saharan African and Asian countries to assess the effect of partners' schooling on women's modern contraceptive use, frequency of antenatal care visits, and skilled birth attendance. Using multilevel logistic regressions, the study shows that partners' schooling has strong effects on their spouses' maternal healthcare utilization; especially when partners had secondary or higher levels of schooling...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223483/differences-by-sex-in-igg-levels-following-infant-and-childhood-vaccinations-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-vaccination-studies
#15
Anna G C Boef, Fiona R M van der Klis, Guy A M Berbers, Anne-Marie Buisman, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Jeanet M Kemmeren, Arie van der Ende, Hester E de Melker, Nynke Y Rots, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: If immune responses to vaccination differ between males and females, sex-specific vaccination schedules may be indicated. We systematically reanalysed childhood vaccination studies conducted in The Netherlands for sex-differences in IgG-responses. To assess the impact of potential sex-differences in IgG-responses, we explored sex-differences in vaccine failure/effectiveness and reactogenicity. METHODS: Six studies with IgG-measurements for 1577 children following infant pneumococcal (PCV7/PCV10/PCV13) and/or DTaP-IPV-Hib(-HepB) vaccinations, or the pre-school DTaP-IPV booster were included...
December 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223472/-excess-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-galician-children-and-adolescents
#16
Mónica Pérez-Ríos, María Isolina Santiago-Pérez, Rosaura Leis, Ana Martínez, Alberto Malvar, Xurxo Hervada, Jorge Suanzes
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The excess of weight, mainly obesity, during childhood and adolescence increases morbimortality risk in adulthood. The aim of this article is to estimate both the overall prevalence, as well as according to age and gender, of underweight, overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among schoolchildren aged between 6-15-years-old in the school year 2013-2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were taken from a cross-sectional community-based study carried out on a representative sample, by gender and age, of the Galician population aged between 6 and 15 years-old...
December 6, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220543/skin-cancer-prevention-campaign-in-childhood-survey-based-on-3-676-children-in-brazil
#17
Paulo Ricardo Criado, Jorge Ocampo-Garza, Anne Lise Dias, Walter Belda Junior, Nilton Di Chiachio, Aparecida Machado de Moraes, Meire Brasil Parada, Fátima de Oliveira Rabay, Octavio Moraes Junior, Renato Sau Rios, Cristiana Silveira da Silva, Francisco C S Ferreira, Samuel Henrique Mandeulbaum, Cidia Vasconcellos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary skin cancer prevention campaigns are essential and more effective among children, not only because of the importance of sun exposure effects during this period, but also because at this age is when individuals are developing behaviors. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology - Regional State of Sao Paulo developed and conducted, the program named "The Sun, Friend of Childhood", a school health education and disease prevention project for children and parents...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220347/assessing-the-benefits-of-five-years-of-different-approaches-to-treatment-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-a-score-project-in-northern-mozambique
#18
Anna E Phillips, Pedro H Gazzinelli-Guimaraes, Herminio O Aurelio, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Michelle Clements, Charles H King, Alan Fenwick, Fiona M Fleming, Neerav Dhanani
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, schistosomiasis is highly endemic across the whole country. The Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE) coordinates a five-year study that has been implemented in various African countries, including Mozambique. The overall goal of SCORE was to better understand how to best apply preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ) for schistosomiasis control by evaluating the impact of alternative treatment approaches. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomised trial that compared the impact of different treatment strategies in study areas with prevalence among school children of ≥21% S...
December 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219126/impact-of-nutritious-meals-on-the-nutritional-status-of-the-tribal-students-a-comparison-between-centralized-kitchens-annapurna-and-regular-kitchens-in-government-tribal-residential-schools-from-two-districts-of-maharashtra-india
#19
Rajagopal Devara, Devika Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Tackling undernutrition is a global priority. It is the single largest risk factor influencing the burden of disease estimates at the global level. The Annapurna Project was undertaken by Government of Maharashtra to provide nutritious meals to Ashram/residential tribal school students through a centralized kitchen for achieving optimal growth and development and to prevent morbidity. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of our work was to ascertain whether the provision of nutritious meals through centralized kitchens improves the proportion of underweight and stunted children...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217964/sit-down-and-play-a-preventive-primary-care-based-program-to-enhance-parenting-practices
#20
Reshma Shah, Daniela DeFrino, Yoonsang Kim, Marc Atkins
The primary care office offers an ideal setting to encourage parenting behaviors that promote early childhood development. We conducted a pilot study to establish feasibility and acceptability of Sit Down and Play (SDP), a brief primary care-based program to facilitate positive parenting behaviors through take-home play activities. A prospective 1-month study was conducted in an urban primary care clinic. SDP was administered to 30 caregivers of 6-12 month old children while they waited for their well-child appointment...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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