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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634727/safety-and-efficacy-of-chemosaturation-in-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-liver-tumors
#1
Martha M Kirstein, Steffen Marquardt, Nils Jedicke, Silke Marhenke, Wolfgang Koppert, Michael P Manns, Frank Wacker, Arndt Vogel
BACKGROUND: Chemosaturation with percutaneous hepatic perfusion (CS-PHP; hepatic CHEMOSAT(®) delivery system; Delcath Systems Inc, USA) is a novel medical device, which delivers high doses of melphalan directly to the liver in patients with primary and secondary liver tumors while limiting systemic toxicity through hemofiltration of the hepatic venous blood. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of the second-generation CS-PHP after 54 treatments at Hannover Medical School, Germany...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634021/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-and-health-outcomes-in-children-with-asthma
#2
Pamela R Wood, Jordan C Kampschmidt, Peter H Dube, Marianna P Cagle, Paola Chaparro, Norma S Ketchum, Thirumalai R Kannan, Harjinder Singh, Jay I Peters, Joel B Baseman, Edward G Brooks
BACKGROUND: Acute infections with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) have been associated with worsening asthma in children. Mp can be present in the respiratory tract for extended periods; it is unknown whether the long-term persistence of Mp in the respiratory tract affects long-term asthma control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Mp on asthma control. METHODS: We enrolled 31 pediatric subjects 3 to 10 years of age with persistent asthma who completed up to 8 visits over a 24-month period...
June 17, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633933/trajectories-of-self-evaluation-bias-in-primary-and-secondary-school-parental-antecedents-and-academic-consequences
#3
Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Thérèse Bouffard, Carole Vezeau
Using a longitudinal approach spanning nine years of children's formal education, this study investigated the developmental trajectories of self-evaluation bias of academic competence. The study also examined how parenting styles were associated with the trajectories of bias in mid-primary school, and how those trajectories predicted academic outcomes at the end of secondary school and the beginning of college. A total of 711 children in 4th and 5th grades (mean age=10.71years old; 358 girls) participated in this study...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633169/untapped-potential-performance-of-procedural-skills-in-the-family-medicine-clerkship
#4
Martina Kelly, Kelly M Everard, Lara Nixon, Alexander Chessman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While family medicine residency directors have expressed concern about low procedural skills proficiency among incoming residents, curricular recommendations do not provide widely accepted guidance. This study was designed to describe requirements and experiences in procedural skill training during the family medicine clerkship and test the hypothesis that more rural placements may support this training. METHODS: The survey was conducted as part of the CAFM Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Family Medicine Clerkship Director (CD) 2013 survey...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632768/the-cost-of-demand-creation-activities-and-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-targeting-school-going-adolescents-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#5
Gavin George, Michael Strauss, Elias Asfaw
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision is an integral part of the South African government's response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. However, there remains a limited body of economic analysis on the cost of VMMC programming, and the demand creation activities used to mobilize males, especially among adolescent boys in school. This study addresses this gap by presenting the costs of a VMMC program which adopted two demand creation strategies targeting school-going males in South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632662/treatment-of-incomplete-jones-fractures-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus
#6
Tateishi Tomohiko, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Tsuchiya Masamitsu
OBJECTIVE: Stress fractures of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal bone (termed Jones fracture) frequently occur in both senior high-school-age and older contestant-level soccer players, and its incidence in Japanese soccer players is higher than that in European players. Surgery is most commonly indicated for a complete fracture, and about 3 months are required before the patient is able to return to the sport. We have performed a "Jones fracture screening" to reduce the incidence of these fractures...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632012/medical-school-outcomes-primary-care-specialty-choice-and-practice-in-medically-underserved-areas-by-physician-alumni-of-medprep-a-postbaccalaureate-premedical-program-for-underrepresented-and-disadvantaged-students
#7
Anneke M Metz
PROBLEM: Minorities continue to be underrepresented as physicians in medicine, and the United States currently has a number of medically underserved communities. MEDPREP, a postbaccalaureate medical school preparatory program for socioeconomically disadvantaged or underrepresented in medicine students, has a stated mission to increase the numbers of physicians from minority or disadvantaged backgrounds and physicians working with underserved populations. This study aims to determine how MEDPREP enhances U...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631087/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-proportion-and-severity-in-primary-public-school-children-in-graz-austria
#8
Barbara Buchgraber, Lumnije Kqiku, Kurt A Ebeleseder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in primary school children in Graz (southeast of Austria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1111 children aged 6 to 12 years (mean age 9.0 ± 1.2), a wet examination of all teeth was performed by three trained examiners using a dental chair, optimal illumination, a dental mirror, and a dental explorer. All teeth with MIH lesions were registered so that different definitions of MIH were applicable...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629417/use-of-mobile-and-cordless-phones-and-change-in-cognitive-function-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-australian-primary-school-children
#9
Chhavi Raj Bhatt, Geza Benke, Catherine L Smith, Mary Redmayne, Christina Dimitriadis, Anna Dalecki, Skye Macleod, Malcolm R Sim, Rodney J Croft, Rory Wolfe, Jordy Kaufman, Michael J Abramson
BACKGROUND: Some previous studies have suggested an association between children's use of mobile phones (MPs)/cordless phones (CPs) and development of cognitive function. We evaluated possible longitudinal associations between the use of MPs and CPs in a cohort of primary school children and effects on their cognitive function. METHODS: Data on children's socio-demographics, use of MPs and CPs, and cognitive function were collected at baseline (2010-2012) and follow-up (2012-2013)...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629204/paternal-risk-factors-for-oral-clefts-in-northern-africans-southeast-asians-and-central-americans
#10
Stephanie Ly, Madeleine L Burg, Ugonna Ihenacho, Frederick Brindopke, Allyn Auslander, Kathleen S Magee, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Viet Nguyen, Maria Irene Tangco, Angela Rose Hernandez, Melissa Giron, Fouzia J Mahmoudi, Yves A DeClerck, William P Magee Iii, Jane C Figueiredo
While several studies have investigated maternal exposures as risk factors for oral clefts, few have examined paternal factors. We conducted an international multi-centered case-control study to better understand paternal risk exposures for oral clefts (cases = 392 and controls = 234). Participants were recruited from local hospitals and oral cleft repair surgical missions in Vietnam, the Philippines, Honduras, and Morocco. Questionnaires were administered to fathers and mothers separately to elicit risk factor and family history data...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628657/reported-family-burden-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-rural-china
#11
Yu Yu, Zi-Wei Liu, Bing-Wei Tang, Mei Zhao, Xi-Guang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao
We aim to assess the level of family burden of schizophrenia patients and identify its predicting factors in a rural community sample of China. A sample of 327 primary caregivers was recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. Family burden was assessed using the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS) of Pai and Kapur. Our results showed that the mean score of FBIS was 23.62±9.76 (range, 0-48), with over half (52%) caregivers reported their family burden being moderate and severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628478/reducing-barriers-to-primary-school-education-for-girls-in-rural-kenya-reusable-pads-intervention
#12
Winnie Mucherah, Kendra Thomas
Purpose The current study explored girls' perceptions of the impact of sanitary pads' intervention on their school attendance and grades. Methods Participants included 150 girls in 6th, 7th, and 8th grade in two rural schools in Kenya. Participants completed a questionnaire on menstrual health issues and the perceived impact on school attendance and academic performance. Results Results indicated that of all participants (150), those who had passed menarche and had cloth pads had similar comfort levels at school as those who had not yet had their period...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628397/culturally-informed-interventions-for-substance-abuse-among-indigenous-youth-in-the-united-states-a-review
#13
Jessica Liddell, Catherine E Burnette
PURPOSE: Given the disproportionately high levels of alcohol and other drug abuse among Indigenous youth in the United States, the purpose of this systematic review was to explicate the current state of empirically-based and culturally-informed substance abuse prevention and intervention programs for Indigenous youth (ages 9-18). METHOD: The 14 articles that met inclusion criteria for this review were analyzed both in terms of the cultural intervention itself (primary population, intervention, core tenants, focus of intervention, intervention goals, location, intervention location, and program length) and their evaluation approach...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628162/-distant-metastases-of-malignant-salivary-gland-carcinoma-after-treated-by-125-i
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical features of distant metastases from malignant salivary gland carcinomas after treated by (125)I internal brachy therapy alone. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2010, 43 patients with locally advanced unresectable or recurrent malignant salivary gland carcinomas were treated by (125)I internal brachy therapy alone at Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. All of them had been follow-up at least 2 years. The primary sites of malignant salivary gland carcinomas were the parotid for 12 patients, infratemporal fossa for 9 patients, tongue for 7 patients, maxilla for 6 patients, parapharyngeal for 4 patients, floor of months for 3 patients, submandibular gland for 1 patient, and lip for 1 patient...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626790/data-on-records-of-indoor-temperature-and-relative-humidity-in-a-university-building
#15
O Irulegi, A Serra, R Hernández
Good indoor comfort and air quality are essential for correct educational development. Most reports in this field focus on primary and secondary school buildings, with numerous projects conducted in the Mediterranean Zone. However, little has been done in the context of university buildings. Data on indoor temperature and relative humidity data acquired trough field surveys of a seminar room located in the Architecture Faculty in San Sebastian (Spain) is provided in this paper. The seminar room was monitored during a typical spring week...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#16
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625414/effects-of-health-empowerment-intervention-on-resilience-of-adolescents-in-a-tribal-area-a-study-using-the-solomon-four-groups-design
#17
Kaushik Sarkar, Aparajita Dasgupta, Multipada Sinha, Bhaskar Shahbabu
RATIONALE: Resilience prevents the emergence of stress-related mental health problems among adolescents. Adolescents in tribal areas of India are more prone to develop such problems. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effect of combined life skills-based health empowerment intervention on the resilience of school-going adolescents in a tribal area. The secondary objectives were to determine the effect of the intervention on internal health locus of control and self-determination and to compare the effect of intervention on resilience between non-tribal and tribal adolescents...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625286/no-345-primary-dysmenorrhea-consensus-guideline
#18
Margaret Burnett, Madeleine Lemyre
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the investigation and treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. INTENDED USERS: Health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Women and adolescents experiencing menstrual pain for which no underlying cause has been identified. EVIDENCE: Published clinical trials, population studies, and review articles cited in PubMed or the Cochrane database from January 2005 to March 2016. VALIDATION METHODS: Seven clinical questions were generated by the authors and reviewed by the SOGC Clinical Practice-Gynaecology Committee...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624928/a-survey-analysis-of-indigenous-goat-production-in-communal-farming-systems-of-botswana
#19
P I Monau, C Visser, S J Nsoso, E Van Marle-Köster
A total of 153 communal farmers in four agro-ecological regions of Botswana were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The aims of the survey were to characterise existing communal goat production systems, evaluate the importance of goats to farmers and identify breeding practices and constraints encountered in goat production in Botswana. Data was collected on socio-economic parameters, general and breeding management practices and major constraints limiting goat production in Botswana. All respondents were small-scale communal farmers with 63% respondents practising mixed crop-livestock farming and 37% keeping livestock as their primary activity...
June 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624849/the-accuracy-of-68-ga-psma-pet-ct-in-primary-lymph-node-staging-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#20
Can Öbek, Tünkut Doğanca, Emre Demirci, Meltem Ocak, Ali Rıza Kural, Asıf Yıldırım, Uğur Yücetaş, Çetin Demirdağ, Sarper M Erdoğan, Levent Kabasakal
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of (68)Ga-PSMA PET in predicting lymph node (LN) metastases in primary N staging in high-risk and very high-risk nonmetastatic prostate cancer in comparison with morphological imaging. METHODS: This was a multicentre trial of the Society of Urologic Oncology in Turkey in conjunction with the Nuclear Medicine Department of Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University. Patients were accrued from eight centres. Patients with high-risk and very high-risk disease scheduled to undergo surgical treatment with extended LN dissection between July 2014 and October 2015 were included...
June 18, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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