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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231260/effects-of-the-skills4genius-sports-based-training-program-in-creative-behavior
#1
Sara Santos, Sergio Jiménez, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
Team Sports has been suggested as a suitable environment to investigate creative behavior. This study's purpose was two-fold: first, it intended to identify the effects of the Skills4Genius sports-bases training program in thinking, motor, and in-game creative behavior in team sports. Second, it aimed to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and in-game creativity. Forty children from primary school were allocated into control (n = 18, age: 9.2±0.4) and experimental (n = 22, age: 9.5±0.7) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230804/calcium-intake-and-nutritional-adequacy-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#2
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Calcium is an important nutrient for child development. The main objective of this study was to assess calcium intake and its adequacy with dietary reference intake (DRI) in Spanish children. The ANIVA (Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During two academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, 1176 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from 14 primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Three-day food records were used to assess dietary intake, completed by parents/guardian...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230779/validity-and-reliability-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-adults-in-uganda
#3
Richard Bukenya, Abhiya Ahmed, Jeanette M Andrade, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, John Muyonga, Juan E Andrade
This study sought to develop and validate a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) for Ugandan adults. The initial draft consisted of 133 items on five constructs associated with nutrition knowledge; expert recommendations (16 items), food groups (70 items), selecting food (10 items), nutrition and disease relationship (23 items), and food fortification in Uganda (14 items). The questionnaire validity was evaluated in three studies. For the content validity (study 1), a panel of five content matter nutrition experts reviewed the GNKQ draft before and after face validity...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230314/approaches-to-enhance-the-teaching-quality-of-experimental-biochemistry-for-mbbs-students-in-tsmu-china
#4
Lijuan Yu, Shuying Yi, Jing Zhai, Zhaojin Wang
With the internationalization of medical education in China, the importance of international students' education in medical schools is also increasing. Except foreign students majoring in Chinese language, English Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBSS) students are the largest group of international students. Based on problems in the teaching process for experimental biochemistry, we designed teaching models adapted to the background of international students and strengthened teachers' teaching ability at Taishan Medical University...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#5
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#6
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224328/the-parkinson-s-disease-cognitive-rating-scale-pd-crs-normative-values-from-268-healthy-italian-individuals
#7
Gabriella Santangelo, Giovanna Lagravinese, Valeria Battini, Carlo Chiorri, Mattia Siciliano, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carmine Vitale, Paolo Barone
The Parkinson's Disease-Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS) is a cognitive screening battery that includes subtests to assess cortical and subcortical functions. It is a valid screening tool for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and is recommended for diagnosing PD-MCI-Level I. Until now, no study has provided population-based norms for the Italian population. The aim of the present study was to collect normative values in a sample of Italian healthy subjects. Two hundred and sixty-eight (125 men) participants of different ages (age range 30-79 years) and educational levels (from primary school to university) underwent the PD-CRS...
February 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223741/changing-in-the-epidemiology-of-tinea-capitis-among-school-children-in-egypt
#8
Rasha H Bassyouni, Naglaa A El-Sherbiny, Talal A Abd El Raheem, Basma H Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis remains a prevalent health problem among school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of tinea capitis among primary school students, in Fayoum, Egypt with identification of etiological agents in both public and private primary schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in twelve primary schools. The students were selected from different grades with a total number of 12,128 students. Hair and scalp were clinically examined for any lesions that may suspect tinea capitis and mycological samples were collected for direct microscopy and culture...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222825/combined-universal-and-selective-prevention-for-adolescent-alcohol-use-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
M Teesson, N C Newton, T Slade, N Carragher, E L Barrett, K E Champion, E V Kelly, N K Nair, L A Stapinski, P J Conrod
BACKGROUND: No existing models of alcohol prevention concurrently adopt universal and selective approaches. This study aims to evaluate the first combined universal and selective approach to alcohol prevention. METHOD: A total of 26 Australian schools with 2190 students (mean age: 13.3 years) were randomized to receive: universal prevention (Climate Schools); selective prevention (Preventure); combined prevention (Climate Schools and Preventure; CAP); or health education as usual (control)...
February 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222115/do-family-and-neighbourhood-matter-in-secondary-school-completion-a-multilevel-study-of-determinants-and-their-interactions-in-a-life-course-perspective
#10
Arnhild Myhr, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes, Thomas Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Completion of secondary education is important for individuals' future health and health behaviour. The fundamental purpose of this study is to investigate the variation and clustering of school completion in families and neighbourhoods. Secondly, we aim to examine the impact of individuals' family structure and neighbourhood of residence and examine to what extent parental education level moderates these associations. METHODS: Longitudinal register data for 30% of the entire Norwegian population aged 21-27 years in 2010 (N = 107,003) was extracted from Statistic Norway´s event database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220714/is-maternal-education-a-social-vaccine-for-childhood-malaria-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-from-war-torn-democratic-republic-of-congo
#12
Cary Ma, Kasereka Masumbuko Claude, Zacharie Tsongo Kibendelwa, Hannah Brooks, Xiaonan Zheng, Michael Hawkes
In zones of violent conflict in the tropics, social disruption leads to elevated child mortality, of which malaria is the leading cause. Understanding the social determinants of malaria transmission may be helpful to optimize malaria control efforts. We conducted a cross-sectional study of healthy children aged 2 months to 5 years attending well-child and/or immunization visits in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Six hundred and forty-seven children were tested for malaria antigenemia by rapid diagnostic test and the accompanying parent or legal guardian simultaneously completed a survey questionnaire related to demographics, socioeconomic status, maternal education, as well as bednet use and recent febrile illness...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220471/can-schools-reduce-bullying-the-relationship-between-school-characteristics-and-the-prevalence-of-bullying-behaviours
#13
Daniel Muijs
BACKGROUND: Bullying remains a persistent phenomenon in schools, but the extent to which day-to-day policies and practices relate to bullying prevalence has not been widely studied. In this study, we use an educational effectiveness framework to interrogate this relationship. AIMS: The aim was to study the relationship between school factors and prevalence of bullying in primary schools. We hypothesize that school conditions (e.g., size), school policies (e.g., behaviour policies), and school processes (e...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219924/time-trends-and-educational-inequalities-in-out-of-hospital-coronary-deaths-in-norway-1995-2009-a-cardiovascular-disease-in-norway-cvdnor-project
#14
Enxhela Sulo, Ottar Nygård, Stein Emil Vollset, Jannicke Igland, Marta Ebbing, Truls Østbye, Torben Jørgensen, Gerhard Sulo, Grethe S Tell
BACKGROUND: Recent time trends and educational gradients characterizing out-of-hospital coronary deaths (OHCD) are poorly described. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified all deaths from coronary heart disease occurring outside the hospital in Norway during 1995 to 2009. Time trends were explored using Poisson regression analysis with year as the independent, continuous variable. Information on the highest achieved education was obtained from The National Education Database and classified as primary (up to 10 years of compulsory education), secondary (high school or vocational school), or tertiary (college/university)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219581/development-of-a-reliable-and-valid-organ-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-knowledge-scale
#15
G Ozturk Emiral, B Isıktekin Atalay, H Altunok, M E Gokler, M F Onsuz, S Metintas
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge has an important role in an individual's willingness to donate organs upon death. Knowledge enables clarification of false beliefs, which can increase willingness to consent to organ donation. The purpose of the study was to describe and examine the validity and reliability of the Organ-Tissue Donation and Transplantation Knowledge Scale (ODTKS). METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature review and chose 23 items for the scale according to specialists' recommendations...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219403/the-kiva-antibullying-program-in-primary-schools-in-chile-with-and-without-the-digital-game-component-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Jorge Gaete, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian Rojas-Barahona, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya, Christina Salmivalli
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a major problem worldwide and Chile is no exception. Bullying is defined as a systematic aggressive behavior against a victim who cannot defend him or herself. Victims suffer social isolation and psychological maladjustment, while bullies have a higher risk for conduct problems and substance use disorders. These problems appear to last over time. The KiVa antibullying program has been evaluated in Finland and other European countries, showing preventive effects on victimization and self-reported bullying...
February 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218940/financial-and-time-burdens-for-medical-students-interviewing-for-residency
#17
Paul Callaway, Trisha Melhado, Anne Walling, Jordan Groskurth
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interviewing for residency positions is increasingly stressful for students and challenging for programs. Little information is available about the costs and time invested by students in interviewing or about the key factors in decisions to accept interview offers. Our objective was to assess the time and financial costs of residency interviewing for an entire class at a regional campus and explore factors influencing student decisions to accept interviews. METHODS: We used a 14-item survey administered electronically immediately following National Resident Matching Program results...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218719/smart-device-use-and-perceived-physical-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-hong-kong-adolescents
#18
Stephen Wai Hang Kwok, Paul Hong Lee, Regina Lai Tong Lee
Excessive electronic screen-based activities have been found to be associated with negative outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalences and patterns of smart device activities and the purposes and perceived outcomes related to smart device use, and the differences in patterns of smart device activities between adolescents who did and did not perceive these outcomes. The study was a cross-sectional survey of Hong Kong primary and secondary school students. Demographic characteristics, purpose and pattern of the activities, and frequencies of the outcomes were measured...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218556/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-5-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-olds-consonant-proficiency-and-errors
#19
Elisabeth Willadsen, Anette Lohmander, Christina Persson, Inger Lundeborg, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Anja Bau, Maria Boers, Melanie Bowden, Julie Davies, Berit Emborg, Christina Havstam, Christine Hayden, Gunilla Henningsson, Anders Holmefjord, Elina Hölttä, Mia Kisling-Møller, Lillian Kjøll, Maria Lundberg, Eilish McAleer, Jill Nyberg, Marjukka Paaso, Nina Helen Pedersen, Therese Rasmussen, Sigvor Reisæter, Helene Søgaard Andersen, Antje Schöps, Inger-Beate Tørdal, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Normal articulation before school start is a main objective in cleft palate treatment. The aim was to investigate if differences exist in consonant proficiency at age 5 years between children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) randomised to different surgical protocols for primary palatal repair. A secondary aim was to estimate burden of care in terms of received additional secondary surgeries and speech therapy. DESIGN: Three parallel group, randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multicentre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the UK...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215120/strategies-and-actions-of-multi-purpose-health-communication-on-vaccine-preventable-infectious-diseases-in-order-to-increase-vaccination-coverage-in-the-population-the-esculapio-project
#20
Angela Bechini, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Lauri, Emilia Tiscione, Miriam Levi, Rosa Prato, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Barbara Pellizzari, Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, Stefania Iannazzo, Sara Boccalini
The ESCULAPIO Project aims at increasing awareness on vaccine preventable infectious diseases (VPID) and vaccinations in different target populations and to spread the culture of prevention. Information/training interventions on VPID have been developed and health promotion activities for the general population, students and their parents, teachers and health care workers (HCWs) were set up. In Tuscany, educational courses on VPID in high schools were organized and students were stimulated to prepare informative materials on VPID for lower grade school pupils...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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