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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432690/sucking-behaviour-in-infants-born-preterm-and-developmental-outcomes-at-primary-school-age
#1
Mechteld I Wolthuis-Stigter, Saakje P Da Costa, Arend F Bos, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P Van Der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
AIM: To determine the association between sucking in infants born preterm and developmental outcomes at 5 years. METHOD: Thirty-four infants were included (mean gestational age 30wks 4d, mean birthweight 1407g). The Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale was used longitudinally from 37 to 50 weeks postmenstrual age. At 5 years, we assessed motor skills, intelligence, language, verbal memory, and behavioural problems. Linear regression analyses were performed to test whether aspects of sucking behaviour predicted these developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#2
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431532/residents-satisfaction-with-primary-medical-and-health-services-in-western-china
#3
Weinan Dong, Qingyu Zhang, Chunsheng Yan, Wanling Fu, Linlin Xu
BACKGROUND: Currently, China is in the process of medical and health care reform, and the establishment of primary medical and health services covering urban and rural residents is an important aspect of this process. Studying the satisfaction of residents of underdeveloped areas with their primary medical and health services and identifying the factors that can increase the satisfaction of different groups may improve patient compliance and ultimately improve health. Moreover, such research may provide a reference for the development of medical and health undertakings in similarly underdeveloped areas...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428187/zambian-peer-educators-for-hiv-self-testing-zest-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia
#4
Catherine E Oldenburg, Katrina F Ortblad, Michael M Chanda, Kalasa Mwanda, Wendy Nicodemus, Rebecca Sikaundi, Andrew Fullem, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: HIV testing and knowledge of status are starting points for HIV treatment and prevention interventions. Among female sex workers (FSWs), HIV testing and status knowledge remain far from universal. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is an alternative to existing testing services for FSWs, but little evidence exists how it can be effectively and safely implemented. Here, we describe the rationale and design of a cluster randomised trial designed to inform implementation and scale-up of HIVST programmes for FSWs in Zambia...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428151/impact-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-and-label-design-on-children-s-choice-of-two-snack-foods-comparison-of-warnings-and-the-traffic-light-system
#5
Alejandra Arrúa, María Rosa Curutchet, Natalia Rey, Patricia Barreto, Nadya Golovchenko, Andrea Sellanes, Guillermo Velazco, Medy Winokur, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
Research on the relative influence of package features on children's perception of food products is still necessary to aid policy design and development. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relative influence of two front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling schemes, the traffic light system and Chilean warning system, and label design on children's choice of two popular snack foods in Uruguay, wafer cookies and orange juice. A total of 442 children in grades 4 to 6 from 12 primary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427462/within-person-associations-of-young-adolescents-physical-activity-across-five-primary-locations-is-there-evidence-of-cross-location-compensation
#6
Jordan A Carlson, Tarrah B Mitchell, Brian E Saelens, Vincent S Staggs, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence D Frank, Jasper Schipperijn, Terry L Conway, Karen Glanz, Jim E Chapman, Kelli L Cain, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: Youth are active in multiple locations, but it is unknown whether more physical activity in one location is associated with less in other locations. This cross-sectional study examines whether on days with more physical activity in a given location, relative to their typical activity in that location, youth had less activity in other locations (i.e., within-person associations/compensation). METHODS: Participants were 528 adolescents, ages 12 to 16 (M = 14...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427441/physical-activity-among-children-objective-measurements-using-fitbit-one-%C3%A2-and-actigraph
#7
Lotta Hamari, Tiina Kullberg, Jukka Ruohonen, Olli J Heinonen, Natalia Díaz-Rodríguez, Johan Lilius, Anni Pakarinen, Annukka Myllymäki, Ville Leppänen, Sanna Salanterä
BACKGROUND: Self-quantification of health parameters is becoming more popular; thus, the validity of the devices requires assessments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of Fitbit One step counts (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) against Actigraph wActisleep-BT step counts (ActiGraph, LLC, Pensacola, FL, USA) for measuring habitual physical activity among children. DESIGN: The study was implemented as a cross-sectional experimental design in which participants carried two waist-worn activity monitors for five consecutive days...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427430/profile-and-professional-expectations-of-medical-students-from-11-latin-american-countries-the-red-lirhus-project
#8
Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi, Edward Mezones-Holguín
BACKGROUND: Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-term strategies to address this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the academic and motivational profile, as well as the professional expectations, of Latin American medical students. RESULTS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multi-country study evaluating medical students from 11 Spanish-speaking countries in 2011-2012...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426889/concurrent-and-longitudinal-predictors-of-reading-for-deaf-and-hearing-children-in-primary-school
#10
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona Elizabeth Kyle
Forty-one children with severe-profound prelingual hearing loss were assessed on single word reading, reading comprehension, English vocabulary, phonological awareness and speechreading at three time points, 1 year apart (T1-T3). Their progress was compared with that of a group of hearing children of similar nonverbal IQ, initially reading at the same level. Single word reading improved at each assessment point for the deaf children but there was no growth in reading comprehension from T2 to T3. There were no differences between children with cochlear implants and those with hearing aids on either reading measure but orally educated children had higher scores than children who signed in the classroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426361/sociodemographic-and-substance-use-disorder-determinants-of-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-in-men-and-women-in-outpatient-drug-treatment-in-the-nida-national-drug-abuse-treatment-clinical-trials-network
#11
Jeremy D Kidd, Susan Tross, Martina Pavlicova, Mei-Chen Hu, Aimee N C Campbell, Edward V Nunes
BACKGROUND: Sexual risk behavior is now the primary vector of HIV transmission among substance users in the United States with gender as a crucial moderator of risk behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in factors (age, race/ethnicity, education) that predict main-partner unprotected sexual occasions (USO) using the unique platform of two parallel NIDA National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network gender-specific safer sex intervention trials...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424958/effectiveness-of-waste-prevention-program-in-primary-students-schools
#12
Antonis A Zorpas, Irene Voukkali, Pantelitsa Loizia
Even though reducing waste is at the top of the waste hierarchy, no real decoupling between waste generation and consumption has been demonstrated. Several waste directives had been published from EU, but they have only brought minor changes within the key objective of reducing waste generation. Most efforts have been targeted towards greater amounts of recycling and better management of waste disposal. While these are necessary and socially beneficial goals, they are not adequate for the achievement of long-term sustainability goals...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424644/the-association-between-parenting-behavior-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-young-adolescents
#13
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Julia Kröner, Sibylle Schneider, Nenad Vasic, Manfred Spitzer, Judith Streb
Executive functioning (EF) is associated with various aspects of school achievement and cognitive development in children and adolescents. There has been substantial research investigating associations between EF and other factors in young children, such as support processes and parenting, but less research has been conducted about external factors relating to EF in older children and adolescents. Therefore, the present study investigates one possible factor that could correlate with EF in school-age children and adolescents: parenting behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#14
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422816/why-not-wait-eight-institutions-share-their-experiences-moving-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-after-core-clinical-clerkships
#15
Michelle Daniel, Amy Fleming, Colleen O'Conner Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Sibel Klimstra, Gail Morrison, Arnyce Pock, Michael L Schwartz, Sally Santen
The majority of medical students complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 after their foundational sciences; however, there are compelling reasons to examine this practice. This article provides the perspectives of eight MD-granting medical schools that have moved Step 1 after the core clerkships, describing their rationale, logistics of the change, outcomes, and lessons learned. The primary reasons these institutions cite for moving Step 1 after clerkships are to foster more enduring and integrated basic science learning connected to clinical care and to better prepare students for the increasingly clinical focus of Step 1...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422517/neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review-of-etiology-assessment-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-primary-care-providers
#16
Bill McCarberg, Yvonne D'Arcy, Bruce Parsons, Alesia Sadosky, Andrew Thorpe, Regina Behar
Neuropathic pain (NeP) is a distinct type of chronic pain that is a direct result of damage to the nervous system itself. Studies have shown that training on the topic of chronic pain in medical schools is lacking and many practitioners are not confident in their ability to effectively manage patients with such pain. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a brief high-level overview of NeP for primary healthcare providers that includes a discussion of mechanisms, prevalence, burden, assessment, and treatment...
April 19, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422341/late-pubertal-growth-spurt-in-a-girl-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-is-kaufmann-therapy-effective-in-a-girl-with-short-stature-who-responds-poorly-to-growth-hormone-therapy-and-estrogen-replacement-therapy
#17
Katsuhiko Yasuda
A Japanese senior high school girl aged 18 years and 5 months with growth hormone deficiency was referred for primary amenorrhea. Her height was 1.36 m, and her bodyweight was 23.5 kg. She had received daily growth hormone therapy from the age of 5 years. Growth hormone therapy was discontinued at the age of 16 years and 11 months, and estrogen-replacement therapy (ERT) was started to stimulate secondary sexual characteristics. Although ERT was performed until the age of 18 years and 11 months, genital bleeding did not occur...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#18
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420689/-the-year-of-first-aid-effectiveness-of-a-3-day-first-aid-programme-for-7-14-year-old-primary-school-children
#19
Balint Banfai, Emese Pek, Attila Pandur, Henrietta Csonka, Jozsef Betlehem
AIM OF THE STUDY: Bystanders can play an important role in the event of sudden injury or illness. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of a 3-day first aid course for all primary school age groups (7-14 years old). METHODS: 582 school children were involved in the study. Training consisted of three sessions with transfer of theoretical knowledge and practical skills about first aid. The following most urgent situations were addressed in our study: adult basic life support (BLS), using an automated external defibrillator (AED), handling an unconscious patient, managing bleeding and calling the ambulance...
April 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420363/context-matters-sources-of-variability-in-weekend-physical-activity-among-families-a-repeated-measures-study
#20
Robert J Noonan, Stuart J Fairclough, Zoe R Knowles, Lynne M Boddy
BACKGROUND: Family involvement is an essential component of effective physical activity (PA) interventions in children. However, little is known about the PA levels and characteristics of PA among families. This study used a repeated measures design and multiple data sources to explore the variability and characteristics of weekend PA among families. METHODS: Families (including a 'target' child aged 9-11 years, their primary caregiver(s) and siblings aged 6-8 years) were recruited through primary schools in Liverpool, UK...
April 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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