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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535236/association-between-teaching-status-and-mortality-in-us-hospitals
#1
Laura G Burke, Austin B Frakt, Dhruv Khullar, E John Orav, Ashish K Jha
Importance: Few studies have analyzed contemporary data on outcomes at US teaching hospitals vs nonteaching hospitals. Objective: To examine risk-adjusted outcomes for patients admitted to teaching vs nonteaching hospitals across a broad range of medical and surgical conditions. Design, Setting, and Participants: Use of national Medicare data to compare mortality rates in US teaching and nonteaching hospitals for all hospitalizations and for common medical and surgical conditions among Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534462/associations-between-alcohol-dehydrogenase-genes-and-alcohol-use-across-early-and-middle-adolescence-moderation-%C3%A3-preventive-intervention
#2
H Harrington Cleveland, Gabriel L Schlomer, David J Vandenbergh, Pedro S A Wolf, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond
Data from the in-school sample of the PROSPER preventive intervention dissemination trial were used to investigate associations between alcohol dehydrogenase genes and alcohol use across adolescence, and whether substance misuse interventions in the 6th and 7th grades (targeting parenting, family functioning, social norms, youth decision making, and peer group affiliations) modified associations between these genes and adolescent use. Primary analyses were run on a sample of 1,885 individuals and included three steps...
May 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533954/exercise-and-dietary-program-induced-weight-reduction-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-among-obese-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Chun Xie, Xiaochun Wang, Chenglin Zhou, Chang Xu, Yu-Kai Chang
OBJECTIVE: The present study was to determine the effect of a combined exercise and dietary program on cognitive function as well as the relationship between the program-induced weight change and cognitive function alterations. DESIGN: The study applies a quasi-experimental design. METHODS: Fifty-eight adolescents with obese status (body mass index, BMI >28 kg/m(2)) were assigned to either an experiment (n = 30) or control group (n = 28)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531630/nutritional-knowledge-of-primary-school-teachers-in-association-with-their-participation-in-health-education-programs
#4
Sofia Stefanoudaki, Parthena Siamidi, Chrisi Markoulaki, Stella Koinaki, Vasileios Tranakas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531588/investigation-of-dietary-habits-and-obesity-rates-of-thessaloniki-primary-school-children-aged-6-to-12-and-surveying-the-parents-opinions-about-their-children-s-eating-behaviour
#5
Eleni Giannakidou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531580/obesity-rates-and-correlation-to-nutritional-habits-in-a-sample-of-children-aged-9-12-in-primary-schools-of-lemnos
#6
Spyridoula Tsiliou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531238/education-on-organ-donation-and-transplantation-in-primary-school-teachers-support-and-the-first-results-of-a-teaching-module
#7
Marion J Siebelink, A A Eduard Verhagen, Petrie F Roodbol, Marcel J I J Albers, Harry B M Van de Wiel
Organ and tissue donation can also involve children. Because of its sensitivity, this topic requires careful decision making. Children have the ability to carefully reflect on this subject and enjoy participating in family discussions about it. Therefore, what children need is proper information. When schools are used to educate children about this subject, information about teacher support for this type of lesson along with its effects on the depth of family discussions is important. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 7,542 primary schools in the Netherlands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528855/patterns-of-recent-national-institutes-of-health-nih-funding-to-diagnostic-radiology-departments-analysis-using-the-nih-reporter-system
#8
Ana M Franceschi, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for diagnostic radiology departments at US medical schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study did not use private identifiable information and thus did not constitute human subjects research. The public NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools Expenditure and Results system was used to extract information regarding 887 NIH awards in 2015 to departments of "Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology...
May 18, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527817/lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-efforts-in-rufiji-south-eastern-tanzania-decline-in-circulating-filarial-antigen-prevalence-in-young-school-children-after-twelve-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-and-utilization-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets
#10
Clarer Jones, Billy Ngasalla, Yahya A Derua, Donath Tarimo, Mwelecele N Malecela
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors and in sub Saharan Africa it is caused by nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. The disease has been targeted for global elimination by using annual mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. On the other hand, vector control is known to play important complementary role to the MDAs in reducing LF transmission. We report the findings of the effect of MDA and ITNs intervention implemented in endemic area of south-eastern Tanzania METHODS: A cross-sectional study for W...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527635/shared-decision-making-in-preventive-care-in-switzerland-from-theory-to-action
#11
Kevin Selby, Reto Auer, Jacques Cornuz
Switzerland with its decentralized, liberal health system and its tradition of direct democracy may be an ideal place for shared decision making (SDM) to take root organically, rather than using top-down regulations seen in other countries. There are now multiple directives and programmes in place to encourage SDM, with the creation of several decision aids and specific training programs in the five Swiss medical schools. There has been an emphasis on preventive care, with the integration of patient preference into an organized colorectal cancer screening program, clear recommendations for prostate cancer screening, and inroads into the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527601/comorbidity-and-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-renal-lithiasis-in-persons-aged-40-to-65-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Raquel Arias Vega, Luis Angel Pérula de Torres, Celia Jiménez García, Julia Carrasco Valiente, Maria José Requena Tapia, Roque Cano Castiñeira, Luis Carlos Silva Ayçaguer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Renal lithiasis is one of the most important urological diseases. It seems to be related to different socio-demographic and climatic factors, lifestyle and pre-existing comorbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables, certain risk factors and chronic diseases and the renal lithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out, selecting the Spanish population aged from 40 to 65 years, combining 2 random samples (PreLiRenA and PreLiRenE studies)...
May 17, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#13
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#15
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526039/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-in-healthcare-centers-a-semi-quantitative-study-over-5%C3%A2-years
#16
Ruth D Thornton, Nicole Nurse, Laura Snavely, Stacey Hackett-Zahler, Kenice Frank, Robert A DiTomasso
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of ambulatory patients' satisfaction with clinic visits help improve communication and delivery of healthcare. The goal was to examine patient satisfaction in a primary care setting, identify how selected patient and physician setting and characteristics affected satisfaction, and determine if feedback provided to medical directors over time impacted patient satisfaction. METHODS: A three-phase, semi-quantitative analysis was performed using anonymous, validated patient satisfaction surveys collected from 889 ambulatory outpatients in 6 healthcare centers over 5-years...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524644/comparing-predictors-of-part-time-and-no-vocational-engagement-in-youth-primary-mental-health-services-a-brief-report
#17
Alice J Cairns, David J Kavanagh, Frances Dark, Steven M McPhail
AIM: This investigation aims to identify if correlates of not working or studying were also correlated with part-time vocational participation. METHODS: Demographic and vocational engagement information was collected from 226 participant clinical charts aged 15 to 25 years accessing a primary youth health clinic. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to examine potential correlates no and part-time vocational engagement compared to those full-time. RESULTS: A total of 33% were not working or studying and 19% were part-time...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524257/the-efficacy-of-early-language-intervention-in-mainstream-school-settings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Silke Fricke, Kelly Burgoyne, Claudine Bowyer-Crane, Maria Kyriacou, Alexandra Zosimidou, Liam Maxwell, Arne Lervåg, Margaret J Snowling, Charles Hulme
BACKGROUND: Oral language skills are a critical foundation for literacy and more generally for educational success. The current study shows that oral language skills can be improved by providing suitable additional help to children with language difficulties in the early stages of formal education. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 394 children in England, comparing a 30-week oral language intervention programme starting in nursery (N = 132) with a 20-week version of the same programme starting in Reception (N = 133)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#19
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#20
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
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