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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060225/association-between-menopause-and-unprotected-sex-in-high-risk-hiv-positive-women-in-mombasa-kenya
#1
Marielle S Goyette, Kate S Wilson, Ruth Deya, Linnet N Masese, Juma Shafi, Barbra A Richardson, Kishorchandra Mandaliya, Walter Jaoko, R Scott McClelland
OBJECTIVE: Many HIV-positive women now live well beyond menopause. Postmenopausal women are no longer at risk for pregnancy, and some studies suggest they may use condoms less often than premenopausal women. This study tests the hypothesis that, in HIV-positive women who report trading sex for cash or in-kind payment, unprotected sex is more common at postmenopausal visits compared to premenopausal visits. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of HIV-positive women ≥16 years old in Mombasa, Kenya...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057623/species-environment-interactions-changed-by-introduced-herbivores-in-an-oceanic-high-mountain-ecosystem
#2
Jaume Seguí, Marta López-Darias, Antonio J Pérez, Manuel Nogales, Anna Traveset
Summit areas of oceanic islands constitute some of the most isolated ecosystems on earth, highly vulnerable to climate change and introduced species. Within the unique high-elevation communities of Tenerife (Canary Islands), reproductive success and thus long-term survival of species may depend on environmental suitability as well as threat by introduced herbivores. By experimentally modifying the endemic and vulnerable species Viola cheiranthifolia along its entire altitudinal occurrence range, we studied plant performance, autofertility, pollen limitation and visitation rate and the interactive effect of grazing by non-native rabbits on them...
January 5, 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048608/tu-e-tour-i-00-exhibit-hall-guided-tours-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging-tuesday
#3
(no author information available yet)
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Christina Sammet, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048432/we-c-tour-i-01-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging
#4
X Jiang
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Adrien Sanchez, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047940/tu-e-tour-i-01-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging
#5
X Jiang
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Christina Sammet, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046356/we-c-tour-i-00-exhibit-hall-guided-tours-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging-wednesday
#6
(no author information available yet)
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Adrien Sanchez, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990321/travel-volume-to-the-united-states-from-countries-and-u-s-territories-with-local-zika-virus-transmission
#7
Bradley Nelson, Stephanie Morrison, Heather Joseph, Abbey Wojno, R Ryan Lash, Yoni Haber, Andre Berro, Martin Cetron, Ardath Grills
INTRODUCTION: Air, land, and sea transportation can facilitate rapid spread of infectious diseases. In May 2015 the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. As of March 8, 2016, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had issued travel notices for 33 countries and 3 U.S. territories with local Zika virus transmission. METHODS: Using data from five separate datasets from 2014 and 2015, we estimated the annual number of passenger journeys by air and land border crossings to the United States from the 33 countries and 3 U...
May 31, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986085/evidence-for-harm-reduction-in-copd-smokers-who-switch-to-electronic-cigarettes
#8
Riccardo Polosa, Jaymin Bhagwanji Morjaria, Pasquale Caponnetto, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo, Alfio Pennisi, Cosimo Marcello Bruno
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are battery-operated devices designed to vaporise nicotine, which may help smokers quitting or reducing their tobacco consumption. There is a lack of data on the health effects of EC use among smokers with COPD and whether regular use results in improvement in subjective and objective COPD outcomes. We investigated long-term changes in objective and subjective respiratory outcomes in smokers with a diagnosis of COPD who quit or reduced substantially their tobacco consumption by supplementing with or converting only to ECs use...
December 16, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956375/an-ecological-momentary-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-evaluation-of-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#9
Michael S Businelle, Ping Ma, Darla E Kendzor, Summer G Frank, Damon J Vidrine, David W Wetter
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial public health progress in reducing the prevalence of smoking in the United States overall, smoking among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults remains high. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a novel smartphone-based smoking cessation app designed for socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a safety-net hospital smoking cessation clinic in Dallas, Texas, and were followed for 13 weeks...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956017/a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-morphology-and-progression-of-non-carious-cervical-lesions
#10
Iori Sugita, Syozi Nakashima, Asaomi Ikeda, Michael F Burrow, Toru Nikaido, Shisei Kubo, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal pilot study aimed to morphologically and quantitatively investigate the progress of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) by using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: The samples examined comprised sets of NCCL epoxy resin replicas obtained from 10 lesions in 6 patients who attended annual dental visits over 4 or 5 years. SS-OCT images of the replicas were analyzed in terms of the maximum depth (Dmax) and corresponding vertical width (VW) - using an image analyzer to estimate progression of the NCCLs over time...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940751/achieving-high-adolescent-hpv-vaccination-coverage
#11
Anna-Lisa M Farmar, Kathryn Love-Osborne, Katherine Chichester, Kristin Breslin, Kristi Bronkan, Simon J Hambidge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite national recommendations for adolescent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, rates have lagged behind those of other adolescent vaccines. We implemented interventions and examined rates of vaccination coverage in a large, urban, safety net health care system to understand whether our tactics for achieving high rates of adolescent vaccination were successful. METHODS: Denver Health is an integrated urban safety net health system serving >17 000 adolescents annually...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924053/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-and-subsequent-risk-of-stroke-in-the-cardiovascular-health-study
#12
Paola Gilsanz, Laura D Kubzansky, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Qianyi Wang, Ichiro Kawachi, Kristen K Patton, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Willem J Kop, W T Longstreth, M Maria Glymour
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Depression is associated with stroke, but the effects of changes in depressive symptoms on stroke risk are not well understood. This study examined whether depressive symptom changes across 2 successive annual assessments were associated with incident stroke the following year. METHODS: We used visit data from 4319 participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study who were stroke free at baseline to examine whether changes in depressive symptoms classified across 2 consecutive annual assessments predicted incident first stroke during the subsequent year...
January 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920420/treatment-effectiveness-of-amantadine-against-dengue-virus-infection
#13
Chieh-Cheng Lin, Wen-Ching Chen
BACKGROUND About 400 million cases of dengue, a mosquito-borne disease, are reported annually, but no drug is yet available for treatment. In 1988, at Feng Lin Clinic, Taiwan, we encountered about 10,000 cases and tested various drugs before confirming an antiviral effect of amantadine against dengue virus in vitro. After we administered amantadine to patients for 1-2 days, most achieved full remission. None experienced potentially life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. Herein, we present 34 cases from recent clinical experience that show amantadine's unusual effect against dengue virus infection...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905980/temporal-evolution-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-rates-in-brazilian-capitals-1996-2011
#14
Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Vânia Hirakata, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of low birth weight (LBW) and its determinants in Brazilian state capitals between 1996 and 2011. We intended to determine which variables are associated with LBW during the period studied. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the National Information System of Live Births from 26 state capitals and Brasilia (the federal capital), divided into five geographical regions. The Average Annual Percentage of Change (AAPC) was used to assess the possible time trend in the low birth weight rates for considering all regions together and each region separately, according to each variable, and the Poisson regression was calculated in order to demonstrate time trends in low birth weight and the impact of variables (age and educational maternal level, antenatal visits, type of delivery, and gestational age) during the period...
May 3, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882836/comparison-of-pharmacist-and-physician-managed-annual-medicare-wellness-services
#15
Mary Jean Sewell, Daniel M Riche, Joshua W Fleming, Scott S Malinowski, R Terry Jackson
BACKGROUND: Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWV) are a benefit provided for Medicare beneficiaries to increase focus on wellness and preventive measures. Pharmacists can conduct AWVs, which offers a potential avenue for outpatient revenue generation. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: To compare a composite of interventions and screenings and revenue generated by a pharmacist with those made by a physician during a subsequent AWV. A report generated through the electronic health record was used to determine AWVs conducted by a pharmacist or 3 participating physicians from December 2013 to March 2016, including revenue generated...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875247/comorbidity-prevalence-healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-of-medicaid-enrolled-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Rini Vohra, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi
A retrospective data analysis using 2000-2008 three state Medicaid Analytic eXtract was conducted to examine the prevalence and association of comorbidities (psychiatric and non-psychiatric) with healthcare utilization and expenditures of fee-for-service enrolled adults (22-64 years) with and without autism spectrum disorders (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-clinical modification code: 299.xx). Autism spectrum disorder cases were 1:3 matched to no autism spectrum disorder controls by age, gender, and race using propensity scores...
October 20, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863147/physical-activity-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-participation-over-three-years-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Maura D Iversen, Michelle Frits, Johan von Heideken, Jing Cui, Michael Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick
OBJECTIVE: To characterize physical activity (PA) participation (meeting ≥150-minutes of moderate intensity or 75-minutes of vigorous (MVPA/week)), examine associations between disease activity and MVPA and identify MVPA correlates in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 3 years. METHODS: This study included 573 RA patients (94% Caucasian, 83% female, mean age 61 years, mean RA duration 19.5 years) with ≥1 annual registry visit and who completed the PA questionnaire...
November 18, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854523/exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water-and-health-disparities-in-north-carolina
#18
Frank Stillo, Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson
OBJECTIVES: To examine drinking water quality in majority Black periurban neighborhoods in Wake County, North Carolina, that are excluded from nearby municipal water service and to estimate the health benefits of extending water service. METHODS: We tested 3 samples collected July through December 2014 in 57 private wells for microbial contaminants. We compared contaminant prevalences to those in adjacent community water systems (35 280 samples from routine monitoring)...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852333/emergency-department-visits-for-attempted-suicide-and-self-harm-in-the-usa-2006-2013
#19
J K Canner, K Giuliano, S Selvarajah, E R Hammond, E B Schneider
AIMS: To characterise and identify nationwide trends in suicide-related emergency department (ED) visits in the USA from 2006 to 2013. METHODS: We used data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from 2006 to 2013. E-codes were used to identify ED visits related to suicide attempts and self-inflicted injury. Visits were characterised by factors such as age, sex, US census region, calendar month, as well as injury severity and mechanism. Injury severity and mechanism were compared between age groups and sex by chi-square tests and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests...
November 17, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834178/the-danish-national-database-for-asthma-establishing-clinical-quality-indicators
#20
REVIEW
Susanne Hansen, Benjamin Hoffmann-Petersen, Asger Sverrild, Elvira V Bräuner, Jesper Lykkegaard, Uffe Bodtger, Lone Agertoft, Lene Korshøj, Vibeke Backer
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide affecting more than 300 million people. Symptoms are often non-specific and include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma may be highly variable within the same individual over time. Although asthma results in death only in extreme cases, the disease is associated with significant morbidity, reduced quality of life, increased absenteeism, and large costs for society. Asthma can be diagnosed based on report of characteristic symptoms and/or the use of several different diagnostic tests...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
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