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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905980/temporal-evolution-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-rates-in-brazilian-capitals-1996-2011
#1
Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Vânia Hirakata, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of low birth weight (LBW) and its determinants in Brazilian state capitals between 1996 and 2011. We intended to determine which variables are associated with LBW during the period studied. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the National Information System of Live Births from 26 state capitals and Brasilia (the federal capital), divided into five geographical regions. The Average Annual Percentage of Change (AAPC) was used to assess the possible time trend in the low birth weight rates for considering all regions together and each region separately, according to each variable, and the Poisson regression was calculated in order to demonstrate time trends in low birth weight and the impact of variables (age and educational maternal level, antenatal visits, type of delivery, and gestational age) during the period...
May 3, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882836/comparison-of-pharmacist-and-physician-managed-annual-medicare-wellness-services
#2
Mary Jean Sewell, Daniel M Riche, Joshua W Fleming, Scott S Malinowski, R Terry Jackson
BACKGROUND: Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWV) are a benefit provided for Medicare beneficiaries to increase focus on wellness and preventive measures. Pharmacists can conduct AWVs, which offers a potential avenue for outpatient revenue generation. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: To compare a composite of interventions and screenings and revenue generated by a pharmacist with those made by a physician during a subsequent AWV. A report generated through the electronic health record was used to determine AWVs conducted by a pharmacist or 3 participating physicians from December 2013 to March 2016, including revenue generated...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875247/comorbidity-prevalence-healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-of-medicaid-enrolled-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Rini Vohra, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi
A retrospective data analysis using 2000-2008 three state Medicaid Analytic eXtract was conducted to examine the prevalence and association of comorbidities (psychiatric and non-psychiatric) with healthcare utilization and expenditures of fee-for-service enrolled adults (22-64 years) with and without autism spectrum disorders (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-clinical modification code: 299.xx). Autism spectrum disorder cases were 1:3 matched to no autism spectrum disorder controls by age, gender, and race using propensity scores...
October 20, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863147/physical-activity-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-participation-over-three-years-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Maura D Iversen, Michelle Frits, Johan von Heideken, Jing Cui, Michael Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick
OBJECTIVE: To characterize physical activity (PA) participation (meeting ≥150-minutes of moderate intensity or 75-minutes of vigorous (MVPA/week)), examine associations between disease activity and MVPA and identify MVPA correlates in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 3 years. METHODS: This study included 573 RA patients (94% Caucasian, 83% female, mean age 61 years, mean RA duration 19.5 years) with ≥1 annual registry visit and who completed the PA questionnaire...
November 18, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854523/exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water-and-health-disparities-in-north-carolina
#5
Frank Stillo, Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson
OBJECTIVES: To examine drinking water quality in majority Black periurban neighborhoods in Wake County, North Carolina, that are excluded from nearby municipal water service and to estimate the health benefits of extending water service. METHODS: We tested 3 samples collected July through December 2014 in 57 private wells for microbial contaminants. We compared contaminant prevalences to those in adjacent community water systems (35 280 samples from routine monitoring)...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852333/emergency-department-visits-for-attempted-suicide-and-self-harm-in-the-usa-2006-2013
#6
J K Canner, K Giuliano, S Selvarajah, E R Hammond, E B Schneider
AIMS: To characterise and identify nationwide trends in suicide-related emergency department (ED) visits in the USA from 2006 to 2013. METHODS: We used data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from 2006 to 2013. E-codes were used to identify ED visits related to suicide attempts and self-inflicted injury. Visits were characterised by factors such as age, sex, US census region, calendar month, as well as injury severity and mechanism. Injury severity and mechanism were compared between age groups and sex by chi-square tests and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests...
November 17, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834178/the-danish-national-database-for-asthma-establishing-clinical-quality-indicators
#7
REVIEW
Susanne Hansen, Benjamin Hoffmann-Petersen, Asger Sverrild, Elvira V Bräuner, Jesper Lykkegaard, Uffe Bodtger, Lone Agertoft, Lene Korshøj, Vibeke Backer
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide affecting more than 300 million people. Symptoms are often non-specific and include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma may be highly variable within the same individual over time. Although asthma results in death only in extreme cases, the disease is associated with significant morbidity, reduced quality of life, increased absenteeism, and large costs for society. Asthma can be diagnosed based on report of characteristic symptoms and/or the use of several different diagnostic tests...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830629/independence-in-self-care-activities-in-children-with-myelomeningocele-exploring-factors-based-on-the-international-classification-of-function-model
#8
Shoshana Steinhart, Emmanuel Kornitzer, Adi Bracha Baron, Coos Wever, Levana Shoshan, Michal Katz-Leurer
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between disease factors, body functions and structures, activities, personal and environmental factors with independence in self-care activities in children with myelomeningocele (MMC), utilizing the International Classification of Function model. METHOD: 113 children with MMC, aged 3-18 years were assessed during an annual MMC-clinic visit. Data on the personal and environmental factors, disease factors, hand function, mobility, visual perception, cognition, and communication were assessed in relation to the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) self-care domain...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827842/the-impacts-of-air-temperature-on-accidental-casualties-in-beijing-china
#9
Pan Ma, Shigong Wang, Xingang Fan, Tanshi Li
Emergency room (ER) visits for accidental casualties, according to the International Classification of Deceases 10th Revision Chapters 19 and 20, include injury, poisoning, and external causes (IPEC). Annual distribution of 187,008 ER visits that took place between 2009 and 2011 in Beijing, China displayed regularity rather than random characteristics. The annual cycle from the Fourier series fitting of the number of ER visits was found to explain 63.2% of its total variance. In this study, the possible effect and regulation of meteorological conditions on these ER visits are investigated through the use of correlation analysis, as well as statistical modeling by using the Distributed Lag Non-linear Model and Generalized Additive Model...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822121/the-danish-nationwide-clinical-register-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-danbio
#10
REVIEW
Else Helene Ibfelt, Dorte Vendelbo Jensen, Merete Lund Hetland
INTRODUCTION: DANBIO is a research register and a data source for rheumatologic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis [RA], axial spondyloarthritis, and psoriatic arthritis) for monitoring clinical quality at the national, regional, and hospital levels. STUDY POPULATION: The register includes patients with rheumatologic diseases who are treated at a hospital or a private rheumatologic clinic. Registration is mandatory for all patients with RA regardless of treatment and also for patients with other diagnoses if treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822106/the-danish-national-database-for-asthma
#11
REVIEW
Vibeke Backer, Jesper Lykkegaard, Uffe Bodtger, Lone Agertoft, Lene Korshoej, Elvira Vaclavik Braüner
AIM OF THE DATABASE: Asthma is the most prevalent chronic disease in children, adolescents, and young adults. In Denmark (with a population of 5.6 million citizens), >400,000 persons are prescribed antiasthmatic medication annually. However, undiagnosed cases, dubious diagnoses, and poor asthma management are probably common. The Danish National Database for Asthma (DNDA) was established in 2015. The aim of the DNDA was to collect the data on all patients treated for asthma in Denmark and to monitor asthma occurrence, the quality of diagnosis, and management...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821090/comparative-epidemiology-of-influenza-a-and-b-viral-infection-in-a-subtropical-region-a-7-year-surveillance-in-okinawa-japan
#12
Yoshikazu Iha, Takeshi Kinjo, Gretchen Parrott, Futoshi Higa, Hideaki Mori, Jiro Fujita
BACKGROUND: The epidemic patterns of influenza B infection and their association with climate conditions are not well understood. Influenza surveillance in Okinawa is important for clarifying transmission patterns in both temperate and tropical regions. Using surveillance data, collected over 7 years in the subtropical region of Japan, this study aims to characterize the epidemic patterns of influenza B infection and its association with ambient temperature and relative humidity, in a parallel comparison with influenza A...
November 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812702/epidemiology-of-sports-related-eye-injuries-in-the-united-states
#13
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Joseph K Canner, Eric B Schneider
Importance: Ocular trauma can lead to lifelong sequelae, and sports-related ocular injuries have been shown to disproportionately affect the young. Studies quantifying and characterizing the incidence and type of injuries seen with sports-related ocular trauma may be useful for resource utilization, training, and prevention efforts. Objective: To examine the emergency department (ED) burden of sports-related ocular trauma in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective, cross-sectional study examined the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, containing data from approximately 30 million ED visits annually at more than 900 hospitals nationwide, from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013, to determine factors associated with sports-related ocular trauma...
November 3, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811319/phase-2-study-of-the-safety-and-tolerability-of-maraviroc-containing-regimens-to-prevent-hiv-infection-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-hptn-069-actg-a5305
#14
Roy M Gulick, Timothy J Wilkin, Ying Q Chen, Raphael J Landovitz, K Rivet Amico, Alicia M Young, Paul Richardson, Mark A Marzinke, Craig W Hendrix, Susan H Eshleman, Ian McGowan, Leslie M Cottle, Adriana Andrade, Cheryl Marcus, Karin L Klingman, Wairimu Chege, Alex R Rinehart, James F Rooney, Philip Andrew, Robert A Salata, Manya Magnus, Jason E Farley, Albert Liu, Ian Frank, Ken Ho, Jorge Santana, Joanne D Stekler, Marybeth McCauley, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND:  Maraviroc (MVC) is a candidate for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). METHODS:  Phase 2 48-week safety/tolerability study of four regimens: MVC alone, MVC+emtricitabine (FTC), MVC+tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and TDF+FTC. Eligible participants were HIV-uninfected men and transgender women reporting condomless anal intercourse with >1 HIV-infected or unknown-serostatus man within 90 days. At each visit, assessments, laboratory testing, and counseling were done...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797889/albuminuria-changes-and-cardiovascular-and-renal-outcomes-in-type-1-diabetes-the-dcct-edic-study
#15
Ian H de Boer, Xiaoyu Gao, Patricia A Cleary, Ionut Bebu, John M Lachin, Mark E Molitch, Trevor Orchard, Andrew D Paterson, Bruce A Perkins, Michael W Steffes, Bernard Zinman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In trials of people with type 2 diabetes, albuminuria reduction with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors is associated with lower risks of cardiovascular events and CKD progression. We tested whether progression or remission of microalbuminuria is associated with cardiovascular and renal risk in a well characterized cohort of type 1 diabetes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We studied 1441 participants in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795609/from-surfactant-to-cellulose-and-dna-self-assembly-a-50-year-journey
#16
REVIEW
Björn Lindman
Surfactants have been the basis for applications in several industrial sectors for a long time. However, fundamental research was 50 years ago still limited to a small number of academic groups and even basic aspects were controversial. The field has since undergone an enormous expansion and the improved understanding has laid the basis of numerous new products as well as been the basis of important parts of nano-science and -technology.The present author has during 50 years in academia devoted most of his research to amphiphilic compounds, including both surfactants and polymers...
2016: Colloid and Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775961/gastroparesis-quality-of-life-and-health-care-utilization
#17
Brian E Lacy, Michael D Crowell, Carole Mathis, David Bauer, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastroparesis (GP) patients suffer from recurrent symptoms of nausea, vomiting, early satiety, and abdominal pain. The impact of GP on quality of life (QoL), health care utilization and daily activities is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Part 1: 398 adult patients (≥18 y) with documented GP (symptoms >6 mo) were surveyed to assess QoL and pain using the Short Form 36 and McGill pain questionnaires. Part 2: 491 adult GP patients were surveyed to evaluate employment status, work and daily activities, medication use, physician visits, diagnostic testing, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations related to their GP symptoms...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773946/the-hospital-community-benefit-program-implications-for-food-and-nutrition-professionals
#18
Sheila Fleischhacker, Gowri Ramachandran
This article briefly explains the food and nutrition implications of the new standards, tax penalties and reporting requirements for non-profit hospitals and healthcare systems to maintain a tax-exempt or charitable status under section 501(c)(3) of the Federal Internal Revenue Code set forth in The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-148, Sec. 9007). The newly created 501(r) of the Internal Revenue Code requires, beginning with the first tax year on or after March 23, 2012, that such hospitals demonstrate community benefit by conducting a community health needs assessment (CHNA) at least once every three years and annually file information by means of a Schedule H (Form 990) regarding progress towards addressing identified needs...
July 2016: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754160/pl-03-1-hypertension-management-in-the-era-of-digital-information-and-communication-technologies
#19
Steven Steinhubl
Despite having the basic tools necessary to appropriately identify and manage individuals with hypertension for over half a century it remains the single greatest contributing risk factor to morbidity and mortality worldwide today. Since diagnosis and effective treatment availability are not issues, this major failing in care can be attributed to inadequate systems of care: systems that have led to only <20% of hypertensive individuals globally having their blood pressure adequately controlled. Even in the US, where it is one of the most common reasons for a primary care visit, and with over $42...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743304/no-decrease-in-knee-survivorship-or-outcomes-scores-for-patients-with-hiv-infection-who-undergo-tka
#20
Kimona Issa, Todd P Pierce, Steven F Harwin, Anthony J Scillia, Anthony Festa, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: HIV is prevalent worldwide and numerous patients with this diagnosis ultimately may become candidates for TKA. Although some studies have suggested that complications are more common in patients with HIV who undergo TKA, these studies largely were done before the contemporary era of HIV management; moreover, it is unclear whether patients with HIV achieve lower patient-reported outcome scores or inferior implant survivorship. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked whether there were any differences in the outcomes of patients with HIV without hemophilia who undergo TKA compared with a matched control cohort in terms of: (1) patient-reported outcomes; (2) implant survivorship; and (3) complication rates...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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