keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk adjustment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793085/socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-choosing-violent-methods-of-suicide-2011-2016-ilam-province
#1
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: In new strategies towards of suicide prevention the best approach currently is based on specific method had specific risk factors. Therefore in this study we aimed to find out the association between socio-demographic factors and methods in completed suicide, 2011-2016, Ilam province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, 2011-2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study. Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data (SRSD) and Legal Medicine Organization (LMO)...
May 21, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792925/change-in-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-and-without-mechanical-symptoms-undergoing-arthroscopic-meniscal-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Kenneth Pihl, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Martin Englund, L Stefan Lohmander, Uffe Jørgensen, Nis Nissen, Jeppe Schjerning, Jonas B Thorlund
OBJECTIVE: Patients with degenerative or traumatic meniscal tears are at high risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. We investigated if younger (≤40 years) and older (>40 years) patients with preoperative mechanical symptoms improved more in patient-reported outcomes after meniscal surgery than those without mechanical symptoms. DESIGN: Patients from Knee Arthroscopy Cohort Southern Denmark (KACS) undergoing arthroscopic surgery for a meniscal tear completed online questionnaires before surgery, and at 12 and 52 weeks follow-up...
May 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792872/association-of-glucocerebrosidase-polymorphisms-and-mutations-with-dementia-in-incident-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Kristin Aaser Lunde, Janete Chung, Ingvild Dalen, Kenn Freddy Pedersen, Jan Linder, Magdalena E Domellöf, Eva Elgh, Angus D Macleod, Charalampos Tzoulis, Jan Petter Larsen, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, Lars Forsgren, Carl E Counsell, Guido Alves, Jodi Maple-Grødem
INTRODUCTION: Both polymorphisms and mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA) may influence the development of dementia in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Four hundred forty-two patients and 419 controls were followed for 7 years. Dementia was diagnosed using established criteria. Participants were analyzed for GBA genetic variants, including E326K, T369M, and L444P. Associations between GBA carrier status and dementia were assessed with Cox survival analysis...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792750/metrics-to-evaluate-quality-of-glycemic-control-comparison-of-time-in-target-hypoglycemic-and-hyperglycemic-ranges-with-risk-indices
#4
David Rodbard
OBJECTIVE: We sought to cross validate several metrics for quality of glycemic control, hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the mathematical properties of several metrics for overall glycemic control, and for hypo- and hyperglycemia, to evaluate their similarities, differences, and interrelationships. We used linear regression to describe interrelationships and examined correlations between metrics within three conceptual groups...
May 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792521/problematic-video-gaming-in-a-young-spanish-population-association-with-psychosocial-health
#5
Carlos Buiza-Aguado, Araceli Alonso-Canovas, Celia Conde-Mateos, Juan Jose Buiza-Navarrete, Douglas Gentile
Problematic video gaming (PVG) is a concern for psychologists attending children and adolescents. Uniform diagnostic criteria are lacking, and risk factors are poorly understood. Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and scales derived from its diagnostic criteria may be helpful to assess PVG. A multicenter study was conducted in secondary schools using an IGD-derived scale (dichotomous Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale [IGD-9]), analyzing PVG-related variables...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792477/psychological-adjustment-in-spanish-young-adult-domestic-adoptees-mental-health-and-licit-substance-consumption
#6
Yolanda Sánchez-Sandoval, Sandra Melero
Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975) and also more substance use than did the Spanish general population, but fewer difficulties than did the clinical population...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792402/bioabsorbable-polymer-everolimus-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-report-from-the-swedish-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-registry
#7
Sergio Buccheri, Giovanna Sarno, Bo Lagerqvist, Göran Olivecrona, Kristina Hambraeus, Nils Witt, Daniel Lindholm, David Erlinge, Oskar Angerås, Stefan James
AIMS: The clinical performance of the SYNERGY drug-eluting stent (DES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) has not been investigated in detail. We sought to report on the outcomes after SYNERGY DES (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) implantation in patients with MI undergoing percutaneous revascularisation (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We included all consecutive patients with MI undergoing PCI with the SYNERGY DES and newer-generation DES (n-DES group) in Sweden...
May 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792314/severe-and-predominantly-active-atopic-eczema-in-adulthood-and-long-term-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Richard J Silverwood, Harriet J Forbes, Katrina Abuabara, Anna Ascott, Morten Schmidt, Sigrún A J Schmidt, Liam Smeeth, Sinéad M Langan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether adults with atopic eczema are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and whether the risk varies by atopic eczema severity and condition activity over time. DESIGN: Population based matched cohort study. SETTING: UK electronic health records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hospital Episode Statistics, and data from the Office for National Statistics, 1998-2015. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a diagnosis of atopic eczema, matched (on age, sex, general practice, and calendar time) to up to five patients without atopic eczema...
May 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792302/blood-pressure-patterns-and-subsequent-coronary-artery-calcification-in-women-who-delivered-preterm-births
#9
Janet M Catov, Gabrielle G Snyder, Abigail Fraser, Cora E Lewis, Kiang Liu, Andrew D Althouse, Marnie Bertolet, Erica P Gunderson
Women who delivered preterm infants have excess cardiovascular disease, but vascular pathways linking these conditions are not understood. We considered that higher blood pressure over 25 years among women with preterm delivery may be associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). The CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) enrolled 1049 black and white women with births between 1985 and 2010 (n=272 ever preterm [<37 weeks]; n=777 all term births [≥37 weeks]). Latent mixture modeling identified blood pressure trajectories across 20 years, and these were related to CAC at years 20 and 25...
May 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792222/longevity-and-pleural-mesothelioma-age-period-cohort-analysis-of-incidence-data-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-program-1973-2013
#10
Brent D Kerger
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the hypothesis that an increasing fraction of incident pleural mesothelioma (PM) in the US population may be related to longevity, i.e., to expansion of the population over age 75 years with an age-related elevation in risk. An age-period-cohort analysis of the SEER 9 cancer registries (1973-2013) was conducted using 5-year intervals of age, calendar period, and birth cohort after stratification into four gender-age groups (male and female; 0-74 and 75+ years)...
May 23, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792181/six-underlying-health-conditions-strongly-influence-mortality-based-on-pneumonia-severity-in-an-ageing-population-of-japan-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Sugihiro Hamaguchi, Motoi Suzuki, Kota Sasaki, Masahiko Abe, Takao Wakabayashi, Eiichiro Sando, Makito Yaegashi, Shimpei Morimoto, Norichika Asoh, Naohisa Hamashige, Masahiro Aoshima, Koya Ariyoshi, Konosuke Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Mortality prediction of pneumonia by severity scores in patients with multiple underlying health conditions has not fully been investigated. This prospective cohort study is to identify mortality-associated underlying health conditions and to analyse their influence on severity-based pneumonia mortality prediction. METHODS: Adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia or healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) who visited four community hospitals between September 2011 and January 2013 were enrolled...
May 23, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792103/prolonged-use-of-antibiotics-after-birth-is-associated-with-increased-morbidity-in-preterm-infants-with-negative-cultures
#12
C Fajardo, B Alshaikh, A Harabor
BACKGROUND: Most preterm infants are exposed to a variable duration of antibiotic therapy after birth despite negative cultures. Data is emerging about the risks of prolonged antibiotics. We sought to assess the association between length of initial antibiotic course and neonatal outcomes in a cohort from a single large perinatal centre. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data on all infants with a birth weight of less than 1250 g hospitalized in our NICU in a 4-year window and who had negative blood and CSF cultures in the first 2 days of life...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792049/five-year-suicidal-ideation-trajectories-among-women-receiving-or-being-denied-an-abortion
#13
M Antonia Biggs, Heather Gould, Rana E Barar, Diana G Foster
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of receiving compared with being denied an abortion on women's experiences of suicidal ideation over 5 years. METHOD: The authors recruited 956 women from 30 U.S. abortion facilities. Women were interviewed by telephone 1 week after their abortion visit, then every 6 months for 5 years. Women who received near-limit abortions were compared with women who were denied an abortion and carried their pregnancies to term (turnaway-birth group)...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791455/national-patterns-of-physician-management-of-sleep-apnea-and-treatment-among-patients-with-hypertension
#14
Rebecca Robbins, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Sairam Parthasarathy, David M Rapoport, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Joseph A Ladapo
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and treatment may improve outcomes. We examine national burden of sleep apnea, rates of sleep apnea treatment, and whether racial/ethnic disparities exist among patients with hypertension. METHODS: Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS/NHAMCS), 2005-2012, were analyzed (N = 417,950). We identified hypertension patient visits where sleep apnea diagnosis or complaint was recorded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791453/the-association-between-food-insecurity-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-in-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Christopher A Tait, Mary R L'Abbé, Peter M Smith, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: A pervasive and persistent finding is the health disadvantage experienced by those in food insecure households. While clear associations have been identified between food insecurity and diabetes risk factors, less is known about the relationship between food insecurity and incident type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between household food insecurity and the future development of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used data from Ontario adult respondents to the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey, linked to health administrative data (n = 4,739)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791441/the-impact-of-young-maternal-age-at-birth-on-neonatal-mortality-evidence-from-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Sarah Neal, Andrew Amos Channon, Jesman Chintsanya
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the impact of early motherhood on neonatal mortality, and how this differs between countries and regions. It assesses whether the risk of neonatal mortality is greater for younger adolescent mothers compared with mothers in later adolescence, and explores if differences reflect confounding socio-economic and health care utilisation factors. It also examines how the risks differ for first or subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: The analysis uses 64 Demographic and Health Surveys collected between 2005 and 2015 from 45 countries to explore the relationship between adolescent motherhood (disaggregated as <16 years, 16/17 years and 18/19 years) and neonatal mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791439/multi-biomarker-disease-activity-score-as-a-predictor-of-disease-relapse-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-stopping-tnf-inhibitor-treatment
#17
Marjan Ghiti Moghadam, Femke B G Lamers-Karnebeek, Harald E Vonkeman, Peter M Ten Klooster, Janneke Tekstra, Annemarie M Schilder, Henk Visser, Eric H Sasso, David Chernoff, Willem F Lems, Dirk-Jan van Schaardenburg, Robert Landewe, Hein J Bernelot Moens, Timothy R D J Radstake, Piet L C M van Riel, Mart A F J van de Laar, Tim L Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Successfully stopping or reducing treatment for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in low disease activity (LDA) may improve cost-effectiveness of care. We evaluated the multi-biomarker disease activity (MBDA) score as a predictor of disease relapse after discontinuation of TNF inhibitor (TNFi) treatment. METHODS: 439 RA patients who were randomized to stop TNFi treatment in the POET study were analyzed post-hoc. Three indicators of disease relapse were assessed over 12 months: 1) restarting TNFi treatment, 2) escalation of any DMARD therapy and 3) physician-reported flare...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791315/incidence-of-early-onset-sepsis-in-infants-born-to-women-with-clinical-chorioamnionitis
#18
Tara M Randis, Madeline Murguia Rice, Leslie Myatt, Alan T N Tita, Kenneth J Leveno, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Brian M Mercer, Mara J Dinsmoor, Susan M Ramin, Marshall W Carpenter, Philip Samuels, Anthony Sciscione, Jorge E Tolosa, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of sepsis and other adverse neonatal outcomes in women with a clinical diagnosis of chorioamnionitis. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of a multi-center placebo-controlled trial of vitamins C/E to prevent preeclampsia in low risk nulliparous women. Clinical chorioamnionitis was defined as either the "clinical diagnosis" of chorioamnionitis or antibiotic administration during labor because of an elevated temperature or uterine tenderness in the absence of another cause...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791276/isolating-the-association-of-sleep-depressive-state-and-other-independent-indicators-for-suicide-ideation-in-united-states-teenagers
#19
Lynn M Whitmore, Tyler C Smith
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demographic, behavioral, and other factors found to be associated. Sleep durations of 4-5 hours and 6-7 hours per night were associated with approximately 75-80% and 20-40% increased adjusted odds of suicide ideation, as compared to teens sleeping the recommended 8 hours or more, and should be considered as a potential important indicator for adolescent suicidal ideation in in primary-care screens...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791084/the-hospital-readmissions-reduction-program-learning-from-failure-of-a-healthcare-policy
#20
REVIEW
Ankur Gupta, Gregg C Fonarow
Heart failure is the leading cause of readmissions in patients aged ≥65 years with high associated societal and economic costs. The utilization metric of 30-day risk standardized readmission rates (RSRRs) has therefore become a target to reduce healthcare costs. In this review, we discuss in detail the implementation, effectiveness, and unintended consequences of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP)-the major healthcare policy approach in the U.S. to reduce readmissions by financially penalizing hospitals with higher than average 30-day RSRRs...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
keyword
keyword
37427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"