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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636536/intake-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
Shaojing Zhang, Qingwei Wang, Juanjuan He
BACKGROUND: Findings on the association between intake of red and processed meat with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies up to August 31, 2016, were identified and retrieved by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases along with manual review of the reference lists from the retrieved studies. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633832/effects-of-ultrasound-on-the-beef-structure-and-water-distribution-during-curing-through-protein-degradation-and-modification
#2
Da-Cheng Kang, Xue-Qin Gao, Qing-Feng Ge, Guang-Hong Zhou, Wan-Gang Zhang
The objective of this study was to explore the mechanisms of power ultrasound (PUS, 150 and 300W) and treatment time (30 and 120min) on the water-holding capacity (WHC) and tenderness of beef during curing. Beef muscle at 48h post mortem was subjected to PUS treatment at a frequency of 20kHz. Analysis of compression loss and shear force showed that PUS-assisted curing significantly increased the WHC and the tenderness of beef compared to static brining (p<0.05). According to the analysis of LF-NMR, PUS treatment could increase the P21 values which indicated an improvement in water-binding ability of beef muscle...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633682/effect-of-space-allowance-and-floor-type-on-performance-welfare-and-physiological-measurements-of-finishing-beef-heifers
#3
M P Keane, M McGee, E G O'Riordan, A K Kelly, B Earley
Accommodating cattle indoors during the winter is widely practiced throughout Europe. There is currently no legislation surrounding the space allowance and floor type that should be provided to cattle during this time, however, concerns have been raised regarding the type of housing systems currently in use. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of space allowance and floor type on performance and welfare of finishing beef heifers. Continental crossbred heifers (n=240: mean initial live; weight, 504 (SD 35...
June 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632453/survey-of-polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-polychlorinated-dibenzofurans-and-non-ortho-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-u-s-meat-and-poultry-from-2012-2013-toxic-equivalency-levels-patterns-temporal-trends-and-implications
#4
Sara J Lupton, Margaret O'Keefe, Jorge G Muñiz-Ortiz, Nelson Clinch, Pat Basu
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) conducts a statistically-based survey of the domestic meat supply (beef, pork, chicken, and turkey) to determine current levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls (no-PCBs) every five years. Fat samples for each slaughter class were collected from U.S. federally licensed slaughter facilities. The samples were processed and analyzed for 17 PCDD/Fs and 3 no-PCBs. The sum of PCDD, PCDF, and no-PCB toxic equivalencies (sum-TEQ) calculated using 2005 toxic equivalency factors for all slaughter classes, ranged from non-detect (nd) to 6...
June 20, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631590/comparative-evaluation-of-veriflow-%C3%A2-salmonella-species-to-usda-and-fda-culture-based-methods-for-the-detection-of-salmonella-spp-in-food-and-environmental-samples
#5
Amrita Puri, Adam C Joelsson, Shawn P Terkhorn, Ashley S Brown, Zara E Gaudioso, Nicholas A Siciliano
Veriflow(®)Salmonella species (Veriflow SS)is a molecular-based assay for the presumptive detection of Salmonella spp. from environmental surfaces (stainless steel, sealed concrete, plastic, and ceramic tile), dairy (2% milk), raw meat (20% fat ground beef), chicken carcasses, and ready-to-eat (RTE) food (hot dogs). The assay utilizes a PCR detection method coupled with a rapid, visual, flow-based assay that develops in 3 min post-PCR amplification and requires only an 18 h enrichment for maximum sensitivity...
June 20, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630857/effectiveness-of-a-commercial-lactic-acid-bacteria-intervention-applied-to-inhibit-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-on-refrigerated-vacuum-aged-beef
#6
Katie R Kirsch, Tamra N Tolen, Jessica C Hudson, Alejandro Castillo, Davey Griffin, T Matthew Taylor
Because of their antagonistic activity towards pathogenic and spoilage bacteria, some members of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been evaluated for use as food biopreservatives. The objectives of this study were to assess the antimicrobial utility of a commercial LAB intervention against O157 and non-O157 Shiga-toxigenic E. coli (STEC) on intact beef strip loins during refrigerated vacuum aging and determine intervention efficacy as a function of mode of intervention application. Prerigor strip loins were inoculated with a cocktail (8...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630707/evidence-of-endometrial-amino-acid-metabolism-and-transport-modulation-by-peri-ovulatory-endocrine-profiles-driving-uterine-receptivity
#7
Moana Rodrigues França, Maressa Izabel Santos da Silva, Guilherme Pugliesi, Veerle Van Hoeck, Mario Binelli
BACKGROUND: In beef cattle, changes in the periovulatory endocrine milieu are associated with fertility and conceptus growth. A large preovulatory follicle (POF) and the resulting elevated concentrations of progesterone (P4) during diestrus positively affect pregnancy rates. Amino acids (AA) are important components of maternally derived secretions that are crucial for embryonic survival before implantation. The hypothesis is that the size of the POF and the concentration of P4 in early diestrus modulate the endometrial abundance of SLC transcripts related to AA transport and metabolism and subsequently impact luminal concentrations of AA...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629585/sensory-capability-of-young-middle-aged-and-elderly-irish-assessors-to-identify-beef-steaks-of-varying-texture
#8
Paula M Conroy, Maurice G O' Sullivan, Ruth M Hamill, Joseph P Kerry
This study assessed the capability of various Irish assessor age cohorts to identify beef steaks of varying texture. Varying steak textures Moderately Tough (MTH), Moderately Tender (MTR) and Tender (TR) were achieved by aging beef longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle for 2, 7 and 21days respectively. Warner Bratzler Shear Force (WBSF) was measured to standardise the samples. Sensory evaluation was carried using 428 participants; 18-30yrs (years) (n=143), 31-60yrs (n=80), 61-75yrs (n=99) and 76-85yrs old (n=106)...
May 28, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629504/sulfodiicoccus-acidiphilus-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-sulfur-inhibited-thermoacidophilic-archaeon-belonging-to-the-order-sulfolobales-isolated-from-a-terrestrial-acidic-hot-spring
#9
Hiroyuki D Sakai, Norio Kurosawa
A novel thermoacidophilic archaeon, strain HS-1T, was isolated from the Hakone Ohwaku-dani hot spring in Japan. Cells of strain HS-1T in exponential phase were cocci to irregular cocci with a diameter of 0.8-1.5 µm. The strain grew within a temperature range of 50-70 °C (optimal: 65-70 °C), a pH range of pH 1.4-5.5 (optimal: pH 3.0-3.5) and a NaCl concentration range of 0-2.5 % (w/v). The novel strain grew in aerobic conditions but did not grow anaerobically. Moreover, this strain utilized various complex substrates (beef extract, casamino acids, peptone, tryptone and yeast extract) and sugars (arabinose, xylose, galactose, glucose, maltose, sucrose, raffinose and lactose) as sole carbon sources...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627234/express-detection-of-the-freshness-state-of-cooked-beef-during-storage-using-hyperspectral-imaging
#10
Dong Yang, Dandan He, Anxiang Lu, Dong Ren, Jihua Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626380/clinical-and-pathologic-remission-of-pediatric-ulcerative-colitis-with-serum-derived-bovine-immunoglobulin-added-to-the-standard-treatment-regimen
#11
Rachelle A Soriano, Asuncion G Ramos-Soriano
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that is particularly troublesome for pediatric patients, as current therapeutic options consist of biologic agents and steroids which alter the immune response and have the harmful side effect of leaving the patient more susceptible to opportunistic infections and eventual surgery. Another option for therapy exists in the form of serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin/protein isolate (SBI), the key ingredient in a medical food, EnteraGam®. The FDA has reviewed the safety of SBI and issued a no challenge letter to the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) findings for this medical food...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625013/anti-mutagenic-properties-of-mono-and-dienoic-acid-biohydrogenation-products-from-beef-fat
#12
Jeyachchandran Visvalingam, Payam Vahmani, David C Rolland, Michael E R Dugan, Xianqin Yang
Unsaturated fatty acid biohydrogenation products from beef fat and pure fatty acids were subjected to the Ames Salmonella mutagenicity testing, including monounsaturated fatty acids [MUFA: oleic acid, vaccenic acid, elaidic acid; beef fatty acid fractions rich in trans (t)11/t13-t14-18:1 (t11,13,14-Frac), t10-18:1 (t10-Frac)] and dienoic fatty acids [linoleic acid, conjugated linoleic isomers cis (c)9,t11-18:2 and t10,c12-18:2, and a mixed beef dienoic fatty acid fraction high in c9,t13-/t8,c12/t11c15-18:2 (MD)]...
June 17, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623921/genome-wide-analysis-of-codon-usage-bias-in-bovine-coronavirus
#13
Matías Castells, Matías Victoria, Rodney Colina, Héctor Musto, Juan Cristina
BACKGROUND: Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) belong to the genus Betacoronavirus of the family Coronaviridae. BCoV are widespread around the world and cause enteric or respiratory infections among cattle, leading to important economic losses to the beef and dairy industry worldwide. To study the relation of codon usage among viruses and their hosts is essential to understand host-pathogen interaction, evasion from host's immune system and evolution. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive analysis of codon usage and composition of BCoV...
June 17, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615981/human-taeniasis-current-insights-into-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-endemic-countries
#14
REVIEW
Anna L Okello, Lian Francesca Thomas
Human taeniasis is a zoonotic condition resulting from infection with the adult stages of Taenia saginata ("beef tapeworm"), Taenia solium ("pork tapeworm") or Taenia asiatica ("Asian tapeworm"). Although these parasites have a worldwide distribution, the overwhelming burden is felt by communities in low- and middle-income countries. This is particularly true for T. solium, whereby infection of the central nervous system with the larval stage of the parasite (neurocysticercosis) is a major cause of acquired epilepsy in low-resource settings...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615065/genome-wide-association-study-and-genomic-prediction-for-fatty-acid-composition-in-chinese-simmental-beef-cattle-using-high-density-snp-array
#15
Bo Zhu, Hong Niu, Wengang Zhang, Zezhao Wang, Yonghu Liang, Long Guan, Peng Guo, Yan Chen, Lupei Zhang, Yong Guo, Heming Ni, Xue Gao, Huijiang Gao, Lingyang Xu, Junya Li
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid composition of muscle is an important trait contributing to meat quality. Recently, genome-wide association study (GWAS) has been extensively used to explore the molecular mechanism underlying important traits in cattle. In this study, we performed GWAS using high density SNP array to analyze the association between SNPs and fatty acids and evaluated the accuracy of genomic prediction for fatty acids in Chinese Simmental cattle. RESULTS: Using the BayesB method, we identified 35 and 7 regions in Chinese Simmental cattle that displayed significant associations with individual fatty acids and fatty acid groups, respectively...
June 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614358/livestock-grazing-supports-native-plants-and-songbirds-in-a-california-annual-grassland
#16
Sasha Gennet, Erica Spotswood, Michele Hammond, James W Bartolome
Over eight years we measured the effects of plant community composition, vegetation structure, and livestock grazing on occurrence of three grassland bird species-Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta), Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris), and Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)-at sites in central California during breeding season. In California's Mediterranean-type climatic region, coastal and inland grassland vegetation is dominated by exotic annual grasses with occasional patches of native bunchgrass and forbs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612382/vaccinium-meridionale-swartz-extracts-and-their-addition-in-beef-burgers-as-antioxidant-ingredient
#17
Alexis López-Padilla, Diana Martín, David Villanueva Bermejo, Laura Jaime, Alejandro Ruiz-Rodriguez, Claudia Estela Restrepo Flórez, Diana Marsela Rivero Barrios, Tiziana Fornari
BACKGROUND: Vaccinium meridionale Swartz (mortiño) constitute a source of bioactive phytochemicals, but the studies related to its efficient and green production is scarce. Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and ultrasound assisted extraction were compared for mortiño extraction. Total phenolic compounds (TPC) and antioxidant capacity (ABTS•+) were determined. Beef burgers with 2% of mortiño (MM) or its PLE extract (ME) were manufactured. Lipid oxidation (TBARS) and instrumental color changes were measured after refrigerated storage...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608536/feeding-value-of-whole-raw-soya-beans-as-a-protein-supplement-for-beef-cattle-consuming-low-quality-forages
#18
H M Arelovich, S Lagrange, R Torre, M F Martinez, H E Laborde
Experiments (Exp) I and II were conducted to compare raw whole soya beans (WSB), roasted (rWSB) or other protein sources as supplements of low-quality forages fed ad libitum to beef cattle, upon DM intake (DMI), ruminal and blood parameters, and animal performance. Exp I: treatments for wheat straw fed to four ruminally cannulated steers were (i) Control-WS: no supplement; (ii) WSB-WS: whole soya beans; (iii) rWSB-WS: roasted WSB; and (iv) SBM-WS: soybean meal-wheat midds mixture; all fed at 1.4 kg DM/day...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606364/cefotaxime-resistant-e-coli-in-dairy-and-beef-cattle-farms-joint-analyses-of-two-cross-sectional-investigations-in-germany
#19
Katja Hille, Inga Ruddat, Annette Schmid, Johanna Hering, Maria Hartmann, Christiane von Münchhausen, Bettina Schneider, Ute Messelhäusser, Anika Friese, Rolf Mansfeld, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Uwe Roesler, Lothar Kreienbrock
Resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and other beta-lactam antibiotics is of major concern for animal and human health. Knowledge of the prevalence of resistant bacteria in primary production is an important element to estimate transmission along the stages in the food production chain and the exposure of the human population. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of cefotaxime-resistant commensal E. coli in dairy and beef cattle production units throughout Germany. Secondarily, the association between management factors and the presence of cefotaxime resistance was investigated...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606363/patterns-of-calving-and-young-stock-movement-in-ireland-and-their-implications-for-bvd-serosurveillance
#20
Jamie A Tratalos, David A Graham, Simon J More
The Republic of Ireland has a national eradication programme for bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDv) based on tissue-tag testing of calves to identify persistently infected animals (PIs). It has been proposed that serological testing of a sample of home-bred young stock would be a more cost effective surveillance mechanism than continued tissue-tag testing in herds which have previously been found to be BVD-free. These animals would have to be at least 6 months of age to avoid interference from maternal antibodies in test results...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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