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Tanning salon

David G Hoel
There have been many case-control studies of melanoma and the use of indoor tanning equipment. A recent meta analysis of 8 credible studies in North America estimated an overall significant odds ratio of 1.23. Three of these 8 studies also reported separately on commercial use and home use of indoor tanning equipment. For home use the overall odds ratio was a significant 1.53 while for commercial use there was a non significant 1.05.
2017: Dermato-endocrinology
Jerod L Stapleton, Benjamin F Crabtree
BACKGROUND: Many young women experiment with using indoor tanning beds with some becoming regular users. There is a dearth of research focused on factors related to the development of regular tanning. This study was designed to gain an in-depth understanding of the experiences of a regular indoor tanning bed user for the purpose of discovering working hypotheses related to the development of this behavior. The article thesis is that initial interactions with tanning salon employees transmit insider knowledge that serves to encourage the regular use of indoor tanning beyond experimentation...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
Courtney Choy, Brenda Cartmel, Rachel Clare, Leah M Ferrucci
Indoor tanning is an established risk factor for skin cancer, yet indoor tanning is quite common among adolescents. Laws exists in some states to limit access to indoor tanning by minors, but there is limited research on industry compliance with these laws.We conducted a telephone survey with a random sample of businesses (n=412) offering indoor tanning in the 14 states with indoor tanning bans for minors as of May 2015. Female research assistants posing as minors conducted telephone interviews with employees using a standardized script...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Bronwen M McNoe, Anthony I Reeder
AIMS: In the context of possible regulation, to quantify and describe: (1) indoor tanning businesses in New Zealand; (2) sunbeds available for sale on Trade Me©. METHOD: In January 2016, we conducted a national audit of businesses potentially providing sunbed services (solariums, beauty-salons, hairdressers, gyms and fitness centres) to assess the availability and cost of indoor tanning services (sunbeds and spray tanning). In addition, Trade Me©, New Zealand's largest auction site for second-hand goods, was monitored for one year to determine whether ex-commercial sunbeds were being sold in the domestic market...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
V Nadalin, L Marrett, J Atkinson, T Tenkate, C F Rosen
To establish adolescent tanning beliefs and behaviors, prevalence and location of UV tanning device (beds/lamps) use, awareness of risk and restriction signage, and frequency of tanning service refusal, noting differences by grade and sex, prior to a ban on UV tanning device use among those under 18 in Ontario, Canada. Data were collected May 5 to 20 of 2014. Children in grades 7 to 12, and under age 18 completed an on-line questionnaire that asked their age, sex, grade, methods used to tan, frequency, length and location of UV tanning device use, if services were refused and why, awareness and content of signs/warning labels, tanning beliefs and knowledge, and use of eye protection...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Christine A Ricklefs, Nancy L Asdigian, Heidi L Kalra, Joni A Mayer, Robert P Dellavalle, Dawn M Holman, Lori A Crane
There is no research investigating indoor tanning advertising on social media. We assessed the use of social media to promote indoor tanning. We subscribed to social media platforms in six US cities and content-analyzed promotional messages received. We captured 662 messages on Twitter and Facebook, through salon emails, and in daily deal coupons. Salon postings were most frequent on Twitter and Facebook, with an average of 2-3 postings per week. National chains posted more frequently than local businesses...
June 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ashley K Day, Elliot J Coups, Sharon L Manne, Jerod L Stapleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ashley K Day, Elliot J Coups, Sharon L Manne, Jerod L Stapleton
Indoor tanning (IT) is a known carcinogen, and regulation has increased across the USA. However, there is minimal point-of-sale regulation for adult users. The purpose of the present study is to explore whether IT users recall being provided with warnings or safety guidelines at tanning salons. A national sample of 273 young adult, female IT users (mean age = 22.26, SD = 2.38) was surveyed regarding the frequency that they recalled being provided with six different warnings and safety guidelines when at tanning salons...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ewelina Bogumiła Zuba, Wojciech Francuzik, Przemysław Malicki, Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska, Dorota Jenerowicz
Dear Editor, Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a well-known physical hazard responsible for photoaging, photoallergic, and phototoxic reactions as well as carcinogenesis, including life-threatening melanomas (1,2). Overexposure to both natural and artificial UV radiation is a public health concern. 30% of cancers diagnosed worldwide are skin cancers. Approximately three million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132 000 new cases of melanomas are diagnosed globally each year (3). Sunburns, especially in childhood, are a very important risk factor for melanomas...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Ida Marie Rye Wøhlk, Peter Alshede Philipsen, Hans Christian Wulf
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sunbed use is a known risk factor for malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. This study characterizes current and past female Danish sunbed users for the purpose of finding factors leading to cessation of sunbed use. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed via social media and email on February 25, 2014. 561 women responded. RESULTS: Sunbed use was found to be associated with smoking, light and light brown skin colour, and knowledge about the risks associated with sunbed use...
July 2016: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Derek D Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke, Hajo Zeeb
In August 2009 and January 2012, two regulations were passed in Germany to limit UV exposure in the general population. These regulations state that no minors are allowed to use tanning devices. Personnel of tanning salons is mandated to offer counseling regarding individual skin type, to create a dosage plan with the customer and to provide a list describing harmful effects of UV radiation. Furthermore, a poster of warning criteria has to be visible and readable at all times inside the tanning salon. It is unclear whether these regulations are followed by employees of tanning salons in Germany, and we are not aware of any studies examining the implementation of the regulations at individual salons...
March 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Donna W Driscoll, Jennifer Darcy
Legislation exists regulating adolescents' use of tanning beds; however, the rate at which adolescents use these devices has not been reduced. The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of indoor tanning bed legislation in the United States specifically related to legal issues and parental consent along with enforcement of current laws. The investigators collected data via review of state health department websites or telephone interviews of identified contacts for all 50 states. Findings reveal wide variation in legislation related to adolescents' access to tanning devices and enforcement of violation of legal statutes...
March 2015: Pediatric Nursing
Blake Friedman, Joseph C English, Laura K Ferris
Young, non-Hispanic white females represent the population most likely to use indoor tanning facilities. This population may be at increased risk of skin cancer as recent meta-analyses support a strong association between cutaneous malignancy and indoor tanning. Public perception of the purported health benefits of indoor tanning may be partially to blame for the popularity of tanning salons as a desire to prepare skin prior to sun exposure is among the most commonly cited motivations for indoor tanning. Improving education and counseling to address misconceptions regarding tanning safety will require the participation of healthcare providers for both physical and psychological screenings as well as for information dissemination...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
A Filosa, G Filosa
Actinic keratoses (AKs) are the most common keratinocytederived precancerous lesion in humans; they can be observed predominantly in fair-skinned individuals on sun-exposed surfaces. The primary risk factor for AKs is cumulative UV exposure from sunlight and/or tanning salons. AKs may present on a patient as a few detectable lesions. In addition to these, there are subclinical (invisible) AKs that are estimated to occur up to 10 times more often than visible AKs, since unprotected skin receives UV radiation from the sun...
August 2015: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Jerod L Stapleton, Katie Darabos, Amanda Carpenter, M Jane Lewis, Kathryn Greene, Shawna V Hudson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
James L Griffith, Nancye K McCowan
Environmental exposures to ultraviolet radiation, wind, and tobacco smoke progressively damage the skin's cellular and extracellular structures resulting in wrinkles, sagging skin, irregular pigmentation, and skin cancers. These undesirable effects can be minimized with avoidance of the sun, tanning salons, and smoking. The topical application of prescription and non-prescription agents (cosmeceuticals) can provide additional benefits. Considering the vast array of topical non-prescription agents marketed to protect or repair damaged skin, it is difficult for consumers and physicians to choose the best options...
October 2014: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
Ashley Hemrich, Laura Pawlow, Andrew Pomerantz, Dan Segrist
OBJECTIVE: To explore tanning behaviors and whether a discrepancy between current and ideal skin tones exists. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 78 Caucasian women from a mid-sized midwestern university. METHODS: Data were collected in spring 2012 via a paper questionnaire. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of the sample regularly engaged in salon tanning at least once per week, with an average frequency of 2.5 visits per week...
2014: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Smita C Banerjee, Jennifer L Hay, Alan C Geller, Joshua J Gagne, A Lindsay Frazier
This study examined health belief model (HBM) relevant constructs in the context of indoor tanning cessation. Telephone interviews were conducted between December 2011 and April 2012 with participants drawn from the Growing Up Today Study (GUTS) population, specifically, former tanning bed users (N = 14, all females; mean age, 25.65 years) who reported frequent use in 2007, but had quit by 2010. Participants identified important motivations for quitting including health and financial reasons and the central role of family and friends in providing encouragement for indoor tanning cessation...
June 2014: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Aymeric Petit, Laurent Karila, Florence Chalmin, Michel Lejoyeux
Excessive indoor tanning, defined by the presence of an impulse towards and repetition of tanning that leads to personal distress, has only recently been recognized as a psychiatric disorder. This finding is based on the observations of many dermatologists who report the presence of addictive relationships with tanning salons among their patients despite being given diagnoses of malignant melanoma. This article synthesizes the existing literature on excessive indoor tanning and addiction to investigate possible associations...
June 2014: International Journal of Dermatology
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