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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881937/-better-do-not-touch-and-other-superstitions-concerning-melanoma-the-cross-sectional-web-based-survey
#1
Maksymilian Gajda, Grażyna Kamińska-Winciorek, Jerzy Wydmański, Andrzej Tukiendorf
INTRODUCTION: To the authors' best knowledge, there are no data regarding the prevalence of superstitions concerning melanoma among internet users. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and identify reasons for superstitions associated with excision of pigmented skin lesions as well as to assess the frequency of this procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Readers of the scientific portal were invited to complete a fully anonymous e-questionnaire. After collection of questionnaires (5,154) and eliminating incomplete ones, 4,919 surveys were analysed...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878887/why-do-young-adults-tan
#2
Charlotte L Thomas, Pablo Fernández Peñas
Australia has the highest incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC)(1) . NMSC evolution is strongly linked to ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure (2) and is largely preventable through its reduction. Prominent Australian public health campaigns since the 1980s (3) aimed to educate the public about the dangers of excessive sun exposure and the need for sun-protection, assuming that increased knowledge will be translated into behavioural change. However, positive attitudes towards tanned skin have been shown to correlate with UV exposure(4,5) ...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878788/sun-protective-behaviour-and-sunburn-prevalence-in-primary-and-secondary-schoolchildren-in-western-switzerland
#3
Simone Ackermann, Anne Vuadens, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Although solar overexposure during childhood and adolescence increases the risk of melanoma, determinants of sunburn and sun protective behaviours of Swiss children have scarcely been explored. We investigated sunburn occurrence and sun protective behaviours of schoolchildren in western Switzerland, the region with the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were administered during regular classes to pupils in 5th (primary school, n = 431), 8th and 11th grades (secondary school, n = 837) in the 18 public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845887/a-review-of-heavy-metals-in-indoor-dust-and-its-human-health-risk-implications
#4
Sock Yin Tan, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Manraj Singh Cheema
Indoor dust acts as a media for heavy metal deposition. Past studies have shown that heavy metal concentration in indoor dust is affected by local human activities and atmospheric transport can have harmful effects on human health. Additionally, children are more sensitive to heavy metals due to their hand-to-mouth behaviour and rapid body development. However, limited information on health risks were found in past dust studies as these studies aimed to identify heavy metal concentrations and sources of indoor dust...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798017/desensitisation-to-cigarette-package-graphic-health-warnings-a-cohort-comparison-between-london-and-singapore
#5
Culadeeban Ratneswaran, Ben Chisnall, Mingyue Li, Sarah Tan, Abdel Douiri, Devanand Anantham, Joerg Steier
OBJECTIVES: We compared 2 sociocultural cohorts with different duration of exposure to graphic health warning labels (GHWL), to investigate a possible desensitisation to their use. We further studied how a differing awareness and emotional impact of smoking-associated risks could be used to prevent this. SETTING: Structured interviews of patients from the general respiratory department were undertaken between 2012 and 2013 in 2 tertiary hospitals in Singapore and London...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759051/gas-protection-of-two-dimensional-nanomaterials-from-high-energy-impacts
#6
Tan Xing, Srikanth Mateti, Lu Hua Li, Fengxian Ma, Aijun Du, Yury Gogotsi, Ying Chen
Two-dimensional (2D) materials can be produced using ball milling with the help of liquid surfactants or solid exfoliation agents, as ball milling of bulk precursor materials usually produces nanosized particles because of high-energy impacts. Post-milling treatment is thus needed to purify the nanosheets. We show here that nanosheets of graphene, BN, and MoS2 can be produced by ball milling of their bulk crystals in the presence of ammonia or a hydrocarbon ethylene gas and the obtained nanosheets remain flat and maintain their single-crystalline structure with low defects density even after a long period of time; post-milling treatment is not needed...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750011/endogenous-polysialic-acid-based-micelles-for-calmodulin-antagonist-delivery-against-vascular-dementia
#7
Xiao-Juan Wang, Yin-Ping Gao, Nan-Nan Lu, Wei-Shuo Li, Ji-Fang Xu, Xiao-Ying Ying, Gang Wu, Mei-Hua Liao, Chao Tan, Ling-Xiao Shao, Ying-Mei Lu, Chen Zhang, Kohji Fukunaga, Feng Han, Yong-Zhong Du
Clinical treatment for vascular dementia still remains a challenge mainly due to Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB). Here, a micelle based on polysialic acid (PSA) which is a hydrophilic and endogenous carbohydrate polymer, was designed to deliver calmodulin antagonist for therapy of vascular dementia. PSA was firstly chemically conjugated with octadecylamine (ODA), and the obtained PSA-ODA copolymer could self-assemble into micelle in aqueous solution with a 120.0 μg/mL critical micelle concentration. The calmodulin antagonist loaded PSA-ODA micelle, featuring sustained drug release behaviour over a period of 72 h with 3...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749495/sun-related-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-and-secondary-schoolchildren-in-western-switzerland
#8
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713665/the-interactive-bending-wrinkling-behaviour-of-inflated-beams
#9
Y P Liu, C G Wang, H F Tan, M K Wadee
A model is proposed based on a Fourier series method to analyse the interactive bending wrinkling behaviour of inflated beams. The whole wrinkling evolution is tracked and divided into three stages by identifying the bifurcations of the equilibrium path. The critical wrinkling and failure moments of the inflated beam can then be predicted. The global-local interactive buckling pattern is elucidated by the proposed theoretical model and also verified by non-contact experimental tests. The effects of geometric parameters, internal pressure and boundary conditions on the buckling of inflated beams are investigated finally...
September 2016: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702805/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-impact-of-giving-information-on-personalised-genomic-risk-of-melanoma-to-the-public
#10
Amelia K Smit, David Espinoza, Ainsley J Newson, Rachael L Morton, Georgina Fenton, Lucinda Freeman, Kate Dunlop, Phyllis N Butow, Matthew H Law, Michael G Kimlin, Louise A Keogh, Suzanne J Dobbinson, Judy Kirk, Peter A Kanetsky, Graham J Mann, Anne E Cust
BACKGROUND: Communication of personalised melanoma genomic risk information may improve melanoma prevention behaviours. METHODS: We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of communicating personalised genomic risk of melanoma to the public, and its preliminary impact on behaviours and psychosocial outcomes. 118 people aged 22-69 years provided a saliva sample and were randomised to the control (non-personalised educational materials), or intervention (personalised booklet presenting melanoma genomic risk as absolute and relative risks and a risk category based on variants in 21 genes, telephone-based genetic counselling, and non-personalised educational materials)...
October 4, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702506/a-novel-ph-induced-thermosensitive-hydrogel-composed-of-carboxymethyl-chitosan-and-poloxamer-cross-linked-by-glutaraldehyde-for-ophthalmic-drug-delivery
#11
Shihui Yu, Xiaoyu Zhang, Guoxin Tan, Lei Tian, Dandan Liu, Yaxuan Liu, Xinggang Yang, Weisan Pan
In this work, a stimuli-responsive three dimensional cross-linked hydrogel system containing carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) and poloxamer composed of a poly (ethylene oxide)/poly (propylene oxide)/poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) block copolymer was constructed, and its aqueous solution was found to undergo a reversible sol-gel transition upon a temperature and/or pH change at a very low concentration. The hydrogels were synthesized via a cross-linking reaction using glutaraldehyde (GA) as the cross-linking agent...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678554/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-pufas-for-children-with-specific-learning-disorders
#12
May Loong Tan, Jacqueline J Ho, Keng Hwang Teh
BACKGROUND: About 5% of school children have a specific learning disorder, defined as unexpected failure to acquire adequate abilities in reading, writing or mathematics that is not a result of reduced intellectual ability, inadequate teaching or social deprivation. Of these events, 80% are reading disorders. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), in particular, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which normally are abundant in the brain and in the retina, are important for learning. Some children with specific learning disorders have been found to be deficient in these PUFAs, and it is argued that supplementation of PUFAs may help these children improve their learning abilities...
September 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670923/correction-health-behaviours-associated-with-indoor-tanning-based-on-the-2012-13-manitoba-youth-health-survey
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/hpcdp-pspmc/36-8/ar-02-eng.php].
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665487/factors-influencing-participation-in-health-behaviors-in-endometrial-cancer-survivors
#14
Sarah J Hardcastle, Rachael Glassey, Stuart Salfinger, Jason Tan, Paul Cohen
BACKGROUND: The study purpose was to investigate endometrial cancer survivors' health perceptions following cessation of active cancer treatment and to explore factors influencing participation in health-promoting behaviors. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment of cancer within the previous 3 years. Participants were 22 endometrial cancer survivors (mean age = 62.55 years, SD = 7.08) at risk of cardiovascular disease who were recruited from 2 oncologists in Perth, Western Australia...
September 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643730/thermoelectric-detection-and-imaging-of-propagating-graphene%C3%A2-plasmons
#15
Mark B Lundeberg, Yuanda Gao, Achim Woessner, Cheng Tan, Pablo Alonso-González, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, James Hone, Rainer Hillenbrand, Frank H L Koppens
Controlling, detecting and generating propagating plasmons by all-electrical means is at the heart of on-chip nano-optical processing. Graphene carries long-lived plasmons that are extremely confined and controllable by electrostatic fields; however, electrical detection of propagating plasmons in graphene has not yet been realized. Here, we present an all-graphene mid-infrared plasmon detector operating at room temperature, where a single graphene sheet serves simultaneously as the plasmonic medium and detector...
September 19, 2016: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625073/kar9-controls-the-nucleocytoplasmic-distribution-of-yeast-eb1
#16
Jörg Schweiggert, Davide Panigada, Ann Na Tan, Dimitris Liakopoulos
The precise temporal and spatial concentration of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) within the cell is fundamental to ensure chromosome segregation and correct spindle positioning. MAPs form an intricate web of interactions among each other and compete for binding sites on microtubules. Therefore, when assessing cellular phenotypes upon MAP up- or downregulation, it is important to consider the protein interaction network between individual MAPs. Here, we show that changes in the amounts of the spindle positioning factor Kar9 specifically affect the distribution of yeast EB1 on spindle microtubules, without influencing other microtubule-associated interacting partners of Kar9, i...
November 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623306/high-frequency-stimulation-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-modulates-neuronal-activity-in-the-lateral-habenula-nucleus
#17
Henrike Hartung, Sonny K H Tan, Yasin Temel, Trevor Sharp
High-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is often used to treat movement disability in advanced Parkinson's disease, but some patients experience debilitating psychiatric effects including depression. Interestingly, HFS of the STN modulates 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) which are linked to depression, but the neural substrate of this effect is unknown. Here, we tested the effect of STN stimulation on neuronal activity in the lateral habenula nucleus (LHb), an important source of input to DRN 5-HT neurons and also a key controller of emotive behaviours...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619756/crime-victimization-and-the-implications-for-individual-health-and-wellbeing-a-sheffield-case-study
#18
Su-Yin Tan, Robert Haining
Public health and criminology have developed largely independently of one another at the research and policy levels so that the links between crime victimization and health status are not well understood. Although it is not difficult to support the idea of crime as a threat to the health of individuals and the wider community, the difficulty lies in quantifying the impact of crime on public health, while controlling other variables, including gender and ethnicity. We report the results of a study, the goals of which were to: develop an understanding conceptually of the relationships between different types of crime (violent and non-violent) and health; explore the impact of victimization on quality of life and physical and psychological wellbeing; investigate the role of social and demographic factors in shaping any relationships...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598568/behaviour-of-fouling-related-components-in-an-enhanced-membrane-bioreactor-using-marine-activated-sludge
#19
Songwen Tan, Weiguo Li
This paper presents an experimental study on behaviour of fouling-related components during saline wastewater treatments in an enhanced mesoporous membrane bioreactor (MBR) system integrated with a biological contact oxidation reactor (BCOR). By monitoring the transmembrane pressure, the MBR system without BCOR assistance was observed to get membrane fouling easier during saline wastewater treatments. Typically, the concentration of total EPS gradually increased in the MBR system over the operation time, while no significant change in its concentration was observed in the BCOR-MBR system...
November 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581967/psychological-and-behavioural-characteristics-of-females-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-singapore
#20
Evangeline S L Tan, Russell M F Hawkins
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare a sample of females with anorexia nervosa in Singapore with international clinical and population samples from published data in terms of endorsement of risk factors related to anorexia nervosa, severity of eating pathology and levels of psychosocial impairment and to explore the nature of the relationships between the anorexia nervosa risk factors and adherence to Asian cultural values. METHOD: Data from the Eating Disorder Inventory-3 (EDI-3), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), the Perceived Sociocultural Pressure Scale (PSPS), the Ideal Body Stereotype Scale (IBSS), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), the Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire, and the Asian American Values Scale-Multidimensional (AAVS-M) were collected from 41 female patients (13-31 years old) who presented for treatment of anorexia nervosa at the Singapore General Hospital...
August 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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