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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655885/short-term-retrogradation-behaviour-of-corn-starch-is-inhibited-by-the-addition-of-porcine-plasma-protein-hydrolysates
#1
Haili Niu, Qi Han, Chuanai Cao, Qian Liu, Baohua Kong
The potential inhibition of porcine plasma protein hydrolysates (PPPH) on the short-term retrogradation of corn starch (CS) was investigated. Compared with native CS, PPPH significantly enhanced breakdown and decreased the total setback in a rapid visco analyser (RVA) measurement (P < 0.05). Dynamic time sweep analysis of pre-prepared gelatinized samples showed a decrease in the storage modulus (G') and increase in the loss tangent (tan δ) in the presence of PPPH. Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that PPPH significantly reduced the gelatinization enthalpies (ΔHg) and retrogradation enthalpies (ΔHr) of CS (P < 0...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618384/self-reported-domain-specific-and-accelerometer-based-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-relation-to-psychological-distress-among-an-urban-asian-population
#2
A H Y Chu, R M van Dam, S J H Biddle, C S Tan, D Koh, F Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of previous studies on the association of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with psychological health is limited by the use of mostly self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour, and a focus on Western populations. We aimed to explore the association of self-reported and devise-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour domains on psychological distress in an urban multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: From a population-based cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-79 years, data were used from an overall sample (n = 2653) with complete self-reported total physical activity/sedentary behaviour and domain-specific physical activity data, and a subsample (n = 703) with self-reported domain-specific sedentary behaviour and accelerometry data...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614897/effect-of-oral-nutritional-supplementation-on-growth-and-recurrent-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-picky-eating-children-at-nutritional-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Apurba K Ghosh, Bala Kishore, Irfan Shaikh, Vinita Satyavrat, Anil Kumar, Tapan Shah, Prahlad Pote, Sandeep Shinde, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low, Verena M H Tan, Dieu T T Huynh
Objectives To evaluate the effect of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) plus dietary counselling (DC) (intervention) versus DC alone (control) on growth and upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in nutritionally at-risk, picky eating children in India. Methods We performed a 90-day, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 255 children aged 24-72 months with a weight-for-age z-score ≥-2 and <-1, picky eating behaviour, and acute URTI were randomized to the control (n = 128) or intervention group (n = 127)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609000/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-stability-over-time-and-associations-with-eating-behaviours-and-body-composition-in-children
#4
Anna Fogel, Keri Mccrickerd, Lisa R Fries, Ai Ting Goh, Phaik Ling Quah, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) has been linked to obesity in adults and children. This study examined the stability of EAH in children between 4.5 and 6 years old, and associations with energy intake and portion selection, as well as cross-sectional and prospective associations with body composition. METHODS: The participants were 158 boys and girls from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort. At ages 4.5 and 6 years old children were provided lunch ad libitum, and immediately afterwards were exposed to palatable snacks to measure energy intake in the absence of hunger...
March 30, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587691/trends-in-unprotected-intercourse-among-heterosexual-men-before-and-after-brothel-ban-in-siem-reap-cambodia-a-serial-cross-sectional-study-2003-2012
#5
Mee Lian Wong, Alvin Kuo Jing Teo, Bee Choo Tai, Alwyn Mao Tong Ng, Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Nashwinder Kaur, Rayner Kay Jin Tan, Sarath Kros, Savun Touch, Maryan Chhit, Ian Lubek
BACKGROUND: Following Cambodia's implementation of the 100% condom use program with enforcement of condom use and STI treatment services for sex workers in 2001, sexually transmitted infection and HIV declined markedly. In 2008, Cambodia implemented a law to ban brothel-based sex work. We reported trends in unprotected vaginal intercourse with sex workers among heterosexual men buying sex before (2003-2008) and after (2009-2012) the brothel ban in Cambodia. We also determined the association of brothel ban with these men's reports of unprotected intercourse with sex workers...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551400/oral-processing-behaviours-that-promote-children-s-energy-intake-are-associated-with-parent-reported-appetitive-traits-results-from-the-gusto-cohort
#6
Anna Fogel, Lisa R Fries, Keri McCrickerd, Ai Ting Goh, Phaik Ling Quah, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
Oral processing behaviours associated with faster eating rates have been consistently linked to increased energy intakes, but little is known about their links to children's appetitive traits. This study used the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) to explore cross-sectional and prospective associations between parent-reported appetitive traits and observed oral processing behaviours. Participants were 195 children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort, who participated in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4...
March 15, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551079/a-dimensional-approach-to-thought-disturbances-in-epilepsy-utility-in-psychosis-and-behavioural-syndromes
#7
Islam Hassan, Tiffany Townsend, Jing Ee Tan, Chantelle Hrazdil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549250/archimedes-law-explains-penetration-of-solids-into-granular-media
#8
Wenting Kang, Yajie Feng, Caishan Liu, Raphael Blumenfeld
Understanding the response of granular matter to intrusion of solid objects is key to modelling many aspects of behaviour of granular matter, including plastic flow. Here we report a general model for such a quasistatic process. Using a range of experiments, we first show that the relation between the penetration depth and the force resisting it, transiently nonlinear and then linear, is scalable to a universal form. We show that the gradient of the steady-state part, Kϕ , depends only on the medium's internal friction angle, ϕ, and that it is nonlinear in μ = tan ϕ, in contrast to an existing conjecture...
March 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541959/extracellular-vesicle-carried-jagged-1-inhibits-huvec-sprouting-in-a-3d-microenvironment
#9
Evan Tan, Harry H Asada, Ruowen Ge
NOTCH signalling is an evolutionarily conserved juxtacrine signalling pathway that is essential in development. Jagged1 (JAG1) and Delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) are transmembrane NOTCH ligands that regulate angiogenesis by controlling endothelial cell (EC) differentiation, vascular development and maturation. In addition, DLL4 could bypass its canonical cell-cell contact-dependent signalling to influence NOTCH signalling and angiogenesis at a distance when it is packaged into extracellular vesicles (EVs). However, it is not clear whether JAG1 could also be packaged into EVs to influence NOTCH signalling and angiogenesis...
March 14, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533482/decrease-in-artificial-tanning-by-french-teenagers-2011-2016
#10
M Say, A Beauchet, I Vouldoukis, P Beauchet, D Boudet, E Tella, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: The major risk factor is exposure to solar and artificial ultraviolet radiation, in particular during childhood and adolescence. In France a law was restricted tanning-bed access to adults (≥18 years) since 1997. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate teenagers' artificial tanning behaviour in 2016 and to compare results with those obtained in a similar survey performed in 2011. METHODS: The SOLADO 2011 and 2016 surveys were conducted in a general school in Antony and a technical school in Fontenay-aux-Roses (Paris suburb)...
March 13, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521010/medication-adherence-in-first-episode-psychosis-patients-in-singapore
#11
Chunzhen Tan, Edimansyah Abdin, Wilfred Liang, Lye Yin Poon, Ngar Yee Poon, Swapna Verma
AIM: Early intervention programmes for first episode psychosis (FEP) aim to reduce the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and improve functional outcomes. The sustained maintenance of improved outcomes depends largely on patients' adherence to prescribed treatment. This paper examines the prevalence of non-adherence in a cohort of patients with FEP and the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with non-adherent behaviour. METHODS: The sample included consecutive patients accepted from 2007 to 2012 into the Early Psychosis Intervention Programme (EPIP) in Singapore...
March 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511007/a-skin-cancer-prevention-photoageing-intervention-for-secondary-schools-in-brazil-delivered-by-medical-students-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Titus Josef Brinker, Bianca Lisa Faria, Martina Gatzka, Olber Moreira de Faria, Markus V Heppt, Michael C Kirchberger, Dirk Schadendorf, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Fabian Buslaff, Oscar Campos Lisboa, Ana Carla Cruz Oliveira, Henrique Augusto Lino, Breno Bernardes-Souza
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of melanoma is increasing faster than any other major cancer both in Brazil and worldwide. The Southeast of Brazil has especially high incidences of melanoma, and early detection is low. Exposure to UV radiation represents a primary risk factor for developing melanoma. Increasing attractiveness is a major motivation for adolescents for tanning. A medical student-delivered intervention that harnesses the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in their appearance may represent a novel method to improve skin cancer prevention...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500999/the-effectiveness-of-outcome-based-education-on-the-competencies-of-nursing-students-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Katherine Tan, Mei Chan Chong, Pathmawathy Subramaniam, Li Ping Wong
BACKGROUND: Outcome Based Education (OBE) is a student-centered approach of curriculum design and teaching that emphasize on what learners should know, understand, demonstrate and how to adapt to life beyond formal education. However, no systematic review has been seen to explore the effectiveness of OBE in improving the competencies of nursing students. OBJECTIVE: To appraise and synthesize the best available evidence that examines the effectiveness of OBE approaches towards the competencies of nursing students...
February 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426354/lentivirus-mediated-expression-of-human-secreted-amyloid-precursor-protein-alpha-prevents-development-of-memory-and-plasticity-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Valerie T Y Tan, Bruce G Mockett, Shane M Ohline, Karen D Parfitt, Hollie E Wicky, Katie Peppercorn, Lucia Schoderboeck, Mohamad Fairuz Bin Yahaya, Warren P Tate, Stephanie M Hughes, Wickliffe C Abraham
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease driven in large part by accumulated deposits in the brain of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavage product amyloid-β peptide (Aβ). However, AD is also characterised by reductions in secreted amyloid precursor protein-alpha (sAPPα), an alternative cleavage product of APP. In contrast to the neurotoxicity of accumulated Αβ, sAPPα has many neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties. Increasing sAPPα levels has the potential to serve as a therapeutic treatment that mitigates the effects of Aβ and rescue cognitive function...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423117/oxidative-stress-promotes-exit-from-the-stem-cell-state-and-spontaneous-neuronal-differentiation
#15
Qidong Hu, Puja Khanna, Belinda Shu Ee Wong, Zealyn Shi Lin Heng, Charannya Sozheesvari Subhramanyam, Lal Zo Thanga, Sharon Wui Sing Tan, Gyeong Hun Baeg
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in fundamental cellular processes such as proliferation and survival. Here we investigated the effect of oxidative stress on stem cell maintenance and neuronal differentiation in a human embryonic stem cell (hESC) model, Ntera2 (NT2). CM-H2DCFDA and DHE assays confirmed that the oxidizing agent paraquat could induce a high level of ROS in NT2 cells. Quantitative PCR, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry showed that paraquat-induced oxidative stress suppressed the expression of stemness markers, including NANOG, OCT4 and TDGF1, whereas it enhanced the spontaneous expression of neuronal differentiation markers such as PAX6, NEUROD1, HOXA1, NCAM, GFRA1 and TUJ1...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421222/shy-herbivores-forage-more-efficiently-than-bold-ones-regardless-of-information-processing-overload
#16
Ming Kai Tan, Chia-Chen Chang, Hugh T W Tan
The neural constraint hypothesis is central to understanding decision-making by foraging herbivorous insects which make decisions less efficiently when they face multiple choices for numerous resource types and/or at high densities instead of a fewer choices. Previous studies have also shown the relationship between personality type and decision-making style. How personality types correlate with foraging efficiency among herbivores is however largely untested. To answer this question, we used a widespread, polyphagous, floriphilic katydid, Phaneroptera brevis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) and two naturalised, Asteraceae, food plants, Biden pilosa and Sphagneticola trilobata, as model systems...
February 5, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414473/formulation-and-viscoelasticity-of-mineralised-hydrogels-for-use-in-bone-cartilage-interfacial-reconstruction
#17
Trina Majumdar, Megan E Cooke, Bernard M Lawless, Francis Bellier, Erik A B Hughes, Liam M Grover, Simon W Jones, Sophie C Cox
Articular cartilage is a viscoelastic tissue whose structural integrity is important in maintaining joint health. To restore the functionality of osteoarthritic joints it is vital that regenerative strategies mimic the dynamic loading response of cartilage and bone. Here, a rotating simplex model was employed to optimise the composition of agarose and gellan hydrogel constructs structured with hydroxyapatite (HA) with the aim of obtaining composites mechanically comparable to human cartilage in terms of their ability to dissipate energy...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388148/child-maternal-and-demographic-factors-influencing-caregiver-reported-autistic-trait-symptomatology-in-toddlers
#18
D A Goh, D Gan, J Kung, S Baron-Cohen, C Allison, H Chen, S M Saw, Y S Chong, V S Rajadurai, K H Tan, P C L Shek, F Yap, B F P Broekman, I Magiati
Current research on children's autistic traits in the general population relies predominantly on caregiver-report, yet the extent to which individual, caregiver or demographic characteristics are associated with informants' ratings has not been sufficiently explored. In this study, caregivers of 396 Singaporean two-year-olds from a birth cohort study completed the Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Children's gender, cognitive functioning and birth order, maternal age, and ethnic group membership were not significant predictors of caregiver-reported autistic traits...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384332/breakfast-consumption-among-malaysian-primary-and-secondary-school-children-and-relationship-with-body-weight-status-findings-from-the-mybreakfast-study
#19
E Siong Tee, Abdul Razak Nurliyana, A Karim Norimah, Hamid Jan B Jan Mohamed, Sue Yee Tan, Mahenderan Appukutty, Sinead Hopkins, Frank Thielecke, Moi Kim Ong, Celia Ning, Mohd Taib Mohd Nasir
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relationship between breakfast consumption and body weight status among primary and secondary school children in Malaysia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This nationwide cross-sectional study involved 5,332 primary school children aged 6 to 12 years and 3,000 secondary school children aged 13 to 17 years. Height and weight were measured and BMI-for-age was determined. Socio-demographic backgrounds, breakfast habits and physical activity levels were assessed using questionnaires...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378790/features-of-gba-associated-parkinson-s-disease-at-presentation-in-the-uk-tracking-parkinson-s-study
#20
Naveed Malek, Rimona S Weil, Catherine Bresner, Michael A Lawton, Katherine A Grosset, Manuela Tan, Nin Bajaj, Roger A Barker, David J Burn, Thomas Foltynie, John Hardy, Nicholas W Wood, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Nigel W Williams, Donald G Grosset, Huw R Morris
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutation carrier state on age at onset of Parkinson's disease (PD), the motor phenotype and cognitive function at baseline assessment in a large cohort of UK patients. We also analysed the prevalence of mood and behavioural problems that may confound the assessment of cognitive function. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with PD in the Tracking Parkinson's study. We fully sequenced the GBA gene in all recently diagnosed patients (≤3...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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