keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

organoid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919259/ontogenic-identification-and-analysis-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-populations-during-mouse-limb-and-long-bone-development
#1
Gretel Nusspaumer, Sumit Jaiswal, Andrea Barbero, Robert Reinhardt, Dana Ishay Ronen, Alexander Haumer, Thomas Lufkin, Ivan Martin, Rolf Zeller
Bone-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) differentiate into multiple lineages including chondro- and osteogenic fates and function in establishing the hematopoietic compartment of the bone marrow. Here, we analyze the emergence of different MSC types during mouse limb and long bone development. In particular, PDGFRα(pos)SCA-1(pos) (PαS) cells and mouse skeletal stem cells (mSSCs) are detected within the PDGFRα(pos)CD51(pos) (PαCD51) mesenchymal progenitors, which are the most abundant progenitors in early limb buds and developing long bones until birth...
September 1, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916735/functional-screening-in-human-cardiac-organoids-reveals-a-metabolic-mechanism-for-cardiomyocyte-cell-cycle-arrest
#2
Richard J Mills, Drew M Titmarsh, Xaver Koenig, Benjamin L Parker, James G Ryall, Gregory A Quaife-Ryan, Holly K Voges, Mark P Hodson, Charles Ferguson, Lauren Drowley, Alleyn T Plowright, Elise J Needham, Qing-Dong Wang, Paul Gregorevic, Mei Xin, Walter G Thomas, Robert G Parton, Lars K Nielsen, Bradley S Launikonis, David E James, David A Elliott, Enzo R Porrello, James E Hudson
The mammalian heart undergoes maturation during postnatal life to meet the increased functional requirements of an adult. However, the key drivers of this process remain poorly defined. We are currently unable to recapitulate postnatal maturation in human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs), limiting their potential as a model system to discover regenerative therapeutics. Here, we provide a summary of our studies, where we developed a 96-well device for functional screening in human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac organoids (hCOs)...
September 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912154/inhibition-of-p25-cdk5-attenuates-tauopathy-in-mouse-and-ipsc-models-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#3
Jinsoo Seo, Oleg Kritskiy, L Ashley Watson, Scarlett J Barker, Dilip Dey, Waseem K Raja, Yuan-Ta Lin, Tak Ko, Sukhee Cho, Jay Penney, M Catarina Silva, Steven D Sheridan, Diane Lucente, James F Gusella, Bradford C Dickerson, Stephen J Haggarty, Li-Huei Tsai
Increased p25, a proteolytic fragment of the regulatory subunit p35, is known to induce aberrant activity of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5), which is associated with neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previously, we showed that replacing endogenous p35 with the non-cleavable mutant p35 (Δp35) attenuated amyloidosis and improved cognitive function in a familial AD mouse model. Here, to address the role of p25/Cdk5 in tauopathy, we generated double transgenic mice by crossing mice overexpressing mutant human tau (P301S) with Δp35KI mice...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912133/use-of-crispr-modified-human-stem-cell-organoids-to-study-the-origin-of-mutational-signatures-in-cancer
#4
Jarno Drost, Ruben van Boxtel, Francis Blokzijl, Tomohiro Mizutani, Nobuo Sasaki, Valentina Sasselli, Joep de Ligt, Sam Behjati, Judith E Grolleman, Tom van Wezel, Serena Nik-Zainal, Roland P Kuiper, Edwin Cuppen, Hans Clevers
Mutational processes underlie cancer initiation and progression. Signatures of these processes in cancer genomes may explain cancer etiology, and hold diagnostic and prognostic value. Here, we develop a strategy that can be used to explore the origin of cancer-associated mutational signatures. We used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to delete key DNA repair genes in human colon organoids, followed by delayed sub-cloning and whole-genome sequencing. We found that mutation accumulation in organoids deficient in the mismatch repair gene MLH1 is driven by replication errors and accurately models the mutation profiles observed in mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancers...
September 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905451/gene-edited-human-kidney-organoids-reveal-mechanisms-of-disease-in-podocyte-development
#5
Yong Kyun Kim, Ido Refaeli, Craig R Brooks, Peifeng Jing, Ramila E Gulieva, Michael R Hughes, Nelly M Cruz, Yannan Liu, Angela J Churchill, Yuliang Wang, Hongxia Fu, Jeffrey W Pippin, Lih Y Lin, Stuart J Shankland, A Wayne Vogl, Kelly M McNagny, Benjamin S Freedman
A critical event during kidney organogenesis is the differentiation of podocytes, specialized epithelial cells that filter blood plasma to form urine. Podocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC-podocytes) have recently been generated in nephron-like kidney organoids, but the developmental stage of these cells and their capacity to reveal disease mechanisms remains unclear. Here we show that hPSC-podocytes phenocopy mammalian podocytes at the capillary loop stage (CLS), recapitulating key features of ultrastructure, gene expression, and mutant phenotype...
September 14, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904534/three-dimensional-organoid-system-transplantation-technologies-in-future-treatment-of-central-nervous-system-diseases
#6
REVIEW
NaiLi Wei, ZiFang Quan, Hailiang Tang, JianHong Zhu
In recent years, scientists have made great achievements in understanding the development of human brain and elucidating critical elements of stepwise spatiotemporal control strategies in neural stem cell specification lineage, which facilitates successful induction of neural organoid in vitro including the cerebral cortex, cerebellar, neural tube, hippocampus cortex, pituitary, and optic cup. Besides, emerging researches on neural organogenesis promote the application of 3D organoid system transplantation in treating central nervous system (CNS) diseases...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899900/ret-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-sustains-proliferation-and-tissue-maturation-in-intestinal-epithelia
#7
Daniel Perea, Jordi Guiu, Bruno Hudry, Chrysoula Konstantinidou, Alexandra Milona, Dafni Hadjieconomou, Thomas Carroll, Nina Hoyer, Dipa Natarajan, Jukka Kallijärvi, James A Walker, Peter Soba, Nikhil Thapar, Alan J Burns, Kim B Jensen, Irene Miguel-Aliaga
Expression of the Ret receptor tyrosine kinase is a defining feature of enteric neurons. Its importance is underscored by the effects of its mutation in Hirschsprung disease, leading to absence of gut innervation and severe gastrointestinal symptoms. We report a new and physiologically significant site of Ret expression in the intestine: the intestinal epithelium. Experiments in Drosophila indicate that Ret is expressed both by enteric neurons and adult intestinal epithelial progenitors, which require Ret to sustain their proliferation...
September 12, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898760/live-cell-imaging-of-mouse-intestinal-organoids-reveals-heterogeneity-in-their-oxygenation
#8
Irina A Okkelman, Tara Foley, Dmitri B Papkovsky, Ruslan I Dmitriev
Intestinal organoids are widely applied in stem cell research, regenerative medicine, toxicology, pharmacology, and host-microbe interactions research. The variability of oxidative metabolism for stem and differentiated cell types constituting organoid is known to be important but so far it has not been studied in details. Here, we report the use of live cell microscopy of oxygen via the phosphorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (PLIM) method to address the oxygenation and variability of aerobic metabolism of individual organoids in the culture...
September 3, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891224/smv1-an-extremely-stable-thermophilic-virus-platform-for-nanoparticle-trafficking-in-the-mammalian-gi-tract
#9
Kristine B Uldahl, Seth T Walk, Stephen C Olshefsky, Mark J Young, Xu Peng
AIMS: analysis of the stability and safety of Sulfolobus monocaudavirus 1 (SMV1) during passage through the mammalian GI tract. METHODS AND RESULTS: A major challenge of using nano-vectors to target gut microbiome is their survival during passage through the extremely acidic and proteolytic environment of the mammalian GI tract. Here we investigated the thermo-acidophilic archaeal virus SMV1 as a candidate therapeutic nano-vector for the distal mammalian GI tract microbiome...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886418/chemically-induced-photoreceptor-degeneration-and-protection-in-mouse-ipsc-derived-three-dimensional-retinal-organoids
#10
Shin-Ichiro Ito, Akishi Onishi, Masayo Takahashi
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which can be differentiated into various tissues and cell types, have been used for clinical research and disease modeling. Self-organizing three-dimensional (3D) tissue engineering has been established within the past decade and enables researchers to obtain tissues and cells that almost mimic in vivo development. However, there are no reports of practical experimental procedures that reproduce photoreceptor degeneration. In this study, we induced photoreceptor cell death in mouse iPSC-derived 3D retinal organoids (3D-retinas) by 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT), which induces photoreceptor degeneration in mouse retinal explants, and then established a live-cell imaging system to measure degeneration-related properties...
August 24, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886383/anatomically-and-functionally-distinct-lung-mesenchymal-populations-marked-by-lgr5-and-lgr6
#11
Joo-Hyeon Lee, Tuomas Tammela, Matan Hofree, Jinwook Choi, Nemanja Despot Marjanovic, Seungmin Han, David Canner, Katherine Wu, Margherita Paschini, Dong Ha Bhang, Tyler Jacks, Aviv Regev, Carla F Kim
The diversity of mesenchymal cell types in the lung that influence epithelial homeostasis and regeneration is poorly defined. We used genetic lineage tracing, single-cell RNA sequencing, and organoid culture approaches to show that Lgr5 and Lgr6, well-known markers of stem cells in epithelial tissues, are markers of mesenchymal cells in the adult lung. Lgr6(+) cells comprise a subpopulation of smooth muscle cells surrounding airway epithelia and promote airway differentiation of epithelial progenitors via Wnt-Fgf10 cooperation...
September 7, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886364/synergistic-engineering-organoids-meet-organs-on-a-chip
#12
Takanori Takebe, Boyang Zhang, Milica Radisic
Organoid technology and organ-on-a-chip engineering have emerged as two distinct approaches for stem cell-derived 3D tissue preparation. Their strategic integration can address each approach's limitations and provide a path toward a superior, synergistic strategy of constructing tissues that will truly deliver on the promise of regenerative and precision medicine.
September 7, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886360/putting-two-heads-together-to-build-a-better-brain
#13
John K Mich, Jennie L Close, Boaz P Levi
3D organoids enable in vitro human brain development models, but they have not yet recapitulated some essential features of brain circuit formation. Recently, several studies appearing in Nature, Nature Methods, and Cell Stem Cell generated fused organoid models of inhibitory and excitatory neuron development, which can now achieve functional circuit integration.
September 7, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886359/the-trex1-dinosaur-bites-the-brain-through-the-line
#14
José Luis García Pérez, Marta E Alarcón-Riquelme
In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Thomas et al. (2017) define the nature of accumulated ssDNA present in the neuron and astrocyte cytoplasm of TREX1 mutated stem cell-derived organoids. Accumulated ssDNAs are derived from LINE-1 endogenous retroelements, providing new clues as to the development of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome in the neural system.
September 7, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885786/3d-miniaturization-of-human-organs-for-drug-discovery
#15
REVIEW
Joseph Park, Isaac Wetzel, Didier Dréau, Hansang Cho
"Engineered human organs" hold promises for predicting the effectiveness and accuracy of drug responses while reducing cost, time, and failure rates in clinical trials. Multiorgan human models utilize many aspects of currently available technologies including self-organized spherical 3D human organoids, microfabricated 3D human organ chips, and 3D bioprinted human organ constructs to mimic key structural and functional properties of human organs. They enable precise control of multicellular activities, extracellular matrix (ECM) compositions, spatial distributions of cells, architectural organizations of ECM, and environmental cues...
September 8, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884977/organoid-technology-for-brain-and-therapeutics-research
#16
REVIEW
Zhi Wang, Shu-Na Wang, Tian-Ying Xu, Zhu-Wei Miao, Ding-Feng Su, Chao-Yu Miao
Brain is one of the most complex organs in human. The current brain research is mainly based on the animal models and traditional cell culture. However, the inherent species differences between humans and animals as well as the gap between organ level and cell level make it difficult to study human brain development and associated disorders through traditional technologies. Recently, the brain organoids derived from pluripotent stem cells have been reported to recapitulate many key features of human brain in vivo, for example recapitulating the zone of putative outer radial glia cells...
October 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881646/modeling-african-american-prostate-adenocarcinoma-by-inducing-defined-genetic-alterations-in-organoids
#17
Kenji Unno, Meejeon Roh, Young A Yoo, Yousef Al-Shraideh, Lu Wang, Larisa Nonn, Sarki A Abdulkadir
Genomic studies are rapidly identifying genetic alterations in human cancer, but functional validation of such alterations has been slow. Here, using human prostate cancer as a model, we have assessed the feasibility of engineering defined genetic alterations in well-known cancer driver genes to transform benign prostate epithelial organoids derived from African American men. Benign human prostate organoids were transduced with lentiviruses expressing MYC, shPTEN, shTP53 and AR, alone and in various combinations, to recapitulate prostate cancer development...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881081/a-genetically-inducible-porcine-model-of-intestinal-cancer
#18
Morten Møbjerg Callesen, Sigrid Salling Árnadóttir, Iben Lyskjaer, Mai-Britt Worm Ørntoft, Søren Høyer, Frederik Dagnaes-Hansen, Ying Liu, Rong Li, Henrik Callesen, Mads Heilskov Rasmussen, Martin Fogtmann Berthelsen, Martin Kristian Thomsen, Pawel Jan Schweiger, Kim Bak Jensen, Søren Laurberg, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Jannik Ejnar Elverløv-Jakobsen, Claus Lindbjerg Andersen
Transgenic porcine cancer models bring novel possibilities for research. Their physical similarities with humans enable the use of surgical procedures and treatment approaches used for patients, which facilitates clinical translation. Here, we aimed to develop an inducible oncopig model of intestinal cancer. Transgenic (TG) minipigs were generated using somatic cell nuclear transfer by hand-made cloning. The pigs encode two TG cassettes: 1) An Flp-recombinase inducible oncogene cassette containing KRAS-G12D, cMYC, SV40LT - which inhibits p53 - and pRB...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880575/from-stem-cell-research-to-three-dimensional-organoids-and-their-applications-in-cancer-research-meeting-report-on-the-9th-international-meeting-of-the-stem-cell-network-north-rhine-westphalia
#19
Samantha Langer, Peter A Horn, Stefan Heinrichs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878372/the-use-of-brain-organoids-to-investigate-neural-development-and-disease
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth Di Lullo, Arnold R Kriegstein
Understanding the development and dysfunction of the human brain is a major goal of neurobiology. Much of our current understanding of human brain development has been derived from the examination of post-mortem and pathological specimens, bolstered by observations of developing non-human primates and experimental studies focused largely on mouse models. However, these tissue specimens and model systems cannot fully capture the unique and dynamic features of human brain development. Recent advances in stem cell technologies that enable the generation of human brain organoids from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) promise to profoundly change our understanding of the development of the human brain and enable a detailed study of the pathogenesis of inherited and acquired brain diseases...
September 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
37402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"