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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545456/towards-an-equitable-healthcare-in-china-evaluating-the-productive-efficiency-of-community-health-centers-in-jiangsu-province
#1
Lulin Zhou, Xinglong Xu, Henry Asante Antwi, Linna Wang
BACKGROUND: While the demand for the health service keeps escalating at the grass root or rural areas of China, a substantial portion of healthcare resources remains stagnant in the more developed cities and this has entrenched health inequity in many parts of China. At its conception, the Deepening Health Care Reform in 2012 China was intended to flush out these discrepancies and promote a more equitable and efficient distribution of health resources. Nearly half a decade of this reform, there are uncertainties as to whether the attainment of the objectives of the reform is in sight...
May 25, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545101/family-aggregation-and-risk-factors-in-substance-use-disorders-over-three-generations-in-a-nation-wide-study
#2
Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Helle Jakobsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: This nation-wide register-based study investigated how often substance use disorders (SUD) and co-morbid disorders occurred in affected families compared to control families. METHOD: A total of N = 2504 child and adolescent psychiatric participants who were born between 1969 and 1986 and were registered in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register (DPCRR) had a mental disorder before the age of 18 and developed SUD at some point during their life-time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544414/effective-low-cost-recovery-of-toxic-arsenate-anions-from-water-using-hollow-sphere-trapper-geodes
#3
Sherif A El-Safty, Mohamed A Shenashen, Naeem Akhtar, Mahmoud M Selim, Wafaa M Morsy, Hitoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Kawada, Abdulaziz A Alhamid, Naoki Ohashi, Izumi Ichinose, Ahmed Alamoudi
Because of the devastating impacts of arsenic to terrestrial and aquatic organisms, recovery, removal, disposal and management of arsenic-contaminated water has a considerable challenge and become an urgent necessity in the field of water treatment. This study reports control fabrication of low-cost adsorbents based on microscopic NiO hollow sphere geode-shelled a 100 nm of poly-CN nano-sphere particles-like nodules of poly-carbon nitride that intrinsically stacked and wrapped around the hollow nest spheres to form 500-700 nm shell...
May 22, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544378/concise-review-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-based-drug-discovery-for-mitochondrial-disease
#4
REVIEW
Gizem Inak, Carmen Lorenz, Pawel Lisowski, Annika Zink, Barbara Mlody, Alessandro Prigione
High attrition rates and loss of capital plague the drug discovery process. This is particularly evident for mitochondrial disease that typically involves neurological manifestations and is caused by nuclear or mitochondrial DNA defects. This group of heterogeneous disorders is difficult to target because of the variability of the symptoms among individual patients and the lack of viable modeling systems. The use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) might significantly improve the search for effective therapies for mitochondrial disease...
May 22, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542407/the-influence-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-the-traditional-inuit-diet-on-markers-of-inflammation
#5
L K Schæbel, E C Bonefeld-Jørgensen, H Vestergaard, S Andersen
Concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are high in Inuit living predominately on the traditional marine diet. Adverse effects of POPs include disruption of the immune system and cardiovascular diseases that are frequent in Greenland Inuit. We aimed to assess the association between exposure to POPs from the marine diet and inflammation, taking into account other factors such as vitamin D. We invited Inuit and non-Inuit living in settlements or the town in rural East Greenland or in the capital city Nuuk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541971/ana-expands-opposition-to-capital-punishment
#6
Carol Potera
The change is based on ethical concerns, including racial bias.
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541531/the-affordability-of-minimally-invasive-procedures-in-major-lung-resection-a-prospective-study
#7
Henri Gondé, Marc Laurent, André Gillibert, Omar-Matthieu Sarsam, Rémi Varin, Gaël Grimandi, Christophe Peillon, Jean-Marc Baste
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive procedures are used for the surgical treatment of lung cancer. Two techniques are proposed: video-assisted thoracic surgery or robotic-assisted thoracic surgery. Our goal was to study the economic impact of our long-standing program for minimally invasive procedures for major lung resection. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, 1-year prospective cost study. Patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy were included. Patient characteristics and perioperative outcomes were collected...
May 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#8
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539976/a-review-of-specialist-palliative-care-provision-and-access-across-london-mapping-the-capital
#9
Sarah Cox, Fliss E M Murtagh, Adrian Tookman, Andrew Gage, Nigel Sykes, Maureen McGinn, Meeta Kathoria, Hilary Wilderspin, Liz Chart
Palliative care provision varies by diagnosis, geography, and setting. The Minimum Data-set provides high-level data on provision, but comprehensive comparative information about specialist palliative care (SPC) provision is lacking. The London Cancer Alliance - now RM Partners' Accountable Cancer Network - palliative care group (West/South London) and PallE8 (North/East London), with Marie Curie, sought to address this gap. The aim was to provide comparative data on SPC provision across London to support commissioners and providers to assess provision, identify gaps, and reduce inequity...
May 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#10
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538796/-factors-associated-with-the-consumption-of-school-meals-by-brazilian-adolescents-results-of-the-pense-survey-2012
#11
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
The aim was to study the association between socio-demographic and routine dietary variables and consumption of school meals by adolescents enrolled in public schools in Brazil. The study used data used from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE) 2012. To assess differences between schoolchildren based on whether or not they ate school meals, the study used Pearson's chi-square test, and associations were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Poisson regression models. Of the 86,660 students included in the study, 22...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537786/designing-a-community-based-population-health-model
#12
Christopher J Durovich, Peter W Roberts
The pace of change from volume-based to value-based payment in health care varies dramatically among markets. Regardless of the ultimate disposition of the Affordable Care Act, employers and public-private payers will continue to increase pressure on health care providers to assume financial risk for populations in the form of shared savings, bundled payments, downside risk, or even capitation. This article outlines a suggested road map and practical considerations for health systems that are building or planning to build population health capabilities to meet the needs of their local markets...
May 24, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537469/improvement-of-elisa-procedures-through-simultaneous-addition-of-antigen-and-detection-antibody-and-elimination-of-washing-steps
#13
V Gurevich, P Kotharu, K McCann, J Bertolini
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is extensively used for measurement of proteins utilised for various research and diagnostic purposes in the biological disciplines. However it is a labour intensive and lengthy procedure due to a number of incubation and washing steps required for performing the assay. The ELISA procedure in the current study has been simplified through the simultaneous addition of antigen and detection antibody and elimination of washing steps. This resulted in a decreased time required to perform the procedure and without affecting assay capability...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537361/payment-systems-and-oral-health-in-swedish-dental-care-observations-over-six-years
#14
C A Andås, M Hakeberg
Objective: The aim of this longitudinal study of patients in regular dental care was to compare the findings of manifest caries and fillings after a 6-year adherence to either of two optional payment models, the traditional fee-for service (FFS) model, or the new capitation model 'Dental Care for Health' (DCH). Material and methods: Data on manifest caries lesions, the number of fillings and a number of background variables were collected from both a register and a questionnaire completed by 6,299 regular dental patients who met the inclusion criteria...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537360/patient-characteristics-in-relation-to-dental-care-payment-model-capitation-vs-fee-for-service
#15
M Hakeberg, U Wide Boman
Objective: To analyse patient profiles in two payment models, the capitation (DCH) and the fee-for-service (FFS) systems, in relation to socioeconomic status, self-reported health and health behavior, as well as patient attitudes to and satisfaction with the DCH model in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Sweden. Research design and participants: The present survey included a random national sample of the adult population in Sweden. A telemarketing company, TNS SIFO, was responsible for the sample selection and telephone interviews conducted in May 2013...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536388/capitalizing-on-cancer-specific-replication-oncolytic-viruses-as-a-versatile-platform-for-the-enhancement-of-cancer-immunotherapy-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Donald Bastin, Scott R Walsh, Meena Al Saigh, Yonghong Wan
The past decade has seen considerable excitement in the use of biological therapies in treating neoplastic disease. In particular, cancer immunotherapy and oncolytic virotherapy have emerged as two frontrunners in this regard with the first FDA approvals for agents in both categories being obtained in the last 5 years. It is becoming increasingly apparent that these two approaches are not mutually exclusive and that much of the therapeutic benefit obtained from the use of oncolytic viruses (OVs) is in fact the result of their immunotherapeutic function...
August 24, 2016: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536176/cost-of-alteplase-has-more-than-doubled-over-the-past-decade
#17
Dawn Kleindorfer, Joseph Broderick, Bart Demaerschalk, Jeffrey Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous alteplase (tissue-type plasminogen activator) has been shown to be cost-effective because of savings in long-term disability. In October of 2005, an increased DRG payment to hospitals for alteplase-treated stroke patients was introduced. We sought to describe the trends in the cost of alteplase over time, in comparison to trends in hospital reimbursement in the United States. METHODS: Using publicly available information on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) website (www...
May 23, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536041/geographic-distribution-of-burn-in-an-australian-setting
#18
Sean M Randall, Fiona M Wood, James H Boyd, Janine M Duke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the geographic distribution and temporal trends of burn admissions in an Australian setting. METHODS: Health administrative data of all persons hospitalised for a first burn in Western Australia for the period 2000-2012 were used. Crude and standardised incident rates were generated for each region. Maps of crude rates were generated for state regions and postcode-suburbs of Perth, the capital city. Standardised incidence rates were generated for Western Australia, total and regions, and for sub-cohorts defined by age (<20years; ≥20 years), TBSA burn severity and major causes of burns (fire, scalds and contact)...
May 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535800/comparison-of-oesophageal-function-tests-between-chinese-non-erosive-reflux-disease-and-reflux-hypersensitivity-patients
#19
Feng Gao, Yan Gao, Xue Chen, Jie Qian, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: By means of 24 h multi-channel intraluminal impedance and pH recording (MII/pH), patients with heartburn and normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings can be classified into those with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and those with reflux hypersensitivity (RH). Therefore, in this study, we investigated the difference in oesophageal function tests in Chinese patients with NERD and RH. METHODS: NERD patients were selected from the digestive department, Beijing Anzhen Hospital and Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, after upper gastrointestinal endoscope, high-resolution manometry and impedance (HRiM), and MII/pH examinations between 2014 and 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535758/hiv-prevalence-risky-behaviors-and-discrimination-experiences-among-transgender-women-in-cambodia-descriptive-findings-from-a-national-integrated-biological-and-behavioral-survey
#20
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Srean Chhim, Khuondyla Pal, Phalkun Mun, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Transgender people are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite their high vulnerability to HIV, lack of adequate epidemiological and surveillance data related to this population in many countries prevents provision of appropriate services. This paper summarizes descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey and discusses policy implications of the findings on HIV prevention among transgender women in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and February 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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