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Skye N Leedahl, Alicia Sellon, Rosemary K Chapin
A variety of terms and measures have been used in the literature to denote being socially integrated, and many studies of older adults focus on only social networks or social support and often only include those living in the community. The purpose of this study was to assess multiple constructs of social integration (i.e., social networks, social capital, social support, and social engagement) for older adults in nursing homes. Data were collected from 140 older adults at 30 nursing homes in Kansas. We interviewed older adults' in-person using a survey questionnaire, and used multilevel confirmatory factor analysis to analyze the data...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Leon Li
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Testing and comparing the performance of dynamic variance and correlation models in value-at-risk estimation. North American Journal of Economics and Finance, 40, 116-135. doi:10.1016/j.najef.2017.02.006 (Li, 2017) [1]. Data on daily stock index return for the Canadian, UK, and US equity markets, as compiled by Morgan Stanley Capital International, are provided in this paper. The country indices comprise at least 80% of the stock market capitalization of each country...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Andrew Bates, Rory O'Brien, Simon Liggett, Frank Griffin
BACKGROUND: Johne's disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespread; there is no treatment and there is no cure. Economic losses arise from decreased productivity through reduced growth, milk yield and fertility and capital losses due to premature culling or death. This study attempts to address the effect of subclinical JD on milk production under New Zealand pastoral dairy farming conditions using a new testing approach...
March 14, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Anders Anell, Margareta Dackehag, Jens Dietrichson
BACKGROUND: Providing equal access to health care is an important objective in most health care systems. It is especially pertinent in systems like the Swedish primary care market, where private providers are free to establish themselves in any part of the country. To improve equity in access to care, 15 out 21 county councils in Sweden have implemented risk-adjusted capitation based on the Care Need Index, which increases capitation to primary care centers with a large share of patients with unfavorable socioeconomic and demographic characteristics...
March 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Christine Larsen, Mads Lange, Kim Jørgensen, Kristen Kistrup, Lone Petersen
In 2010, the Regional Council of the Capital Region of Denmark endorsed a vision of mental health services based on personal recovery, rehabilitation, and the involvement of caregivers. Programs to achieve this vision include hiring peer support workers, a Recovery College, and service user participation at the organizational level. This column describes a cornerstone of these initiatives-an education program in the recovery model for mental health professionals. In 2013-2014, the Capital Region implemented 148 workshops on recovery-oriented services for all practitioner staff in mental health services in the region...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Matthias Egger, Angelika Kalt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
Kelly Oliva Jorge, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Miriam Pimenta do Vale, Ichiro Kawachi, Patrícia Maria Zarzar
The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol consumption, binge drinking and their association with social capital and socioeconomic factors among Brazilian adolescents students. A cross-sectional study was carried out with a randomly selected representative sample of 936 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. Information on alcohol consumption, social capital and socioeconomic status was collected using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, the Integrated Questionnaire for the Measurement of Social Capital and Social Vulnerability Index, respectively...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
José Mansano Bauman, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Claudiana Donato Bauman, Flávia Martão Flório
The scope of this study was to characterize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian children and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descriptive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Juan P González-Rivas, Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Imperia Brajkovich, Eunice Ugel, Alejandro Rísquez
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in multiple regions of Venezuela is unknown. The Venezuelan Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (VEMSOLS) was undertaken to evaluate cardiometabolic risk factors in Venezuela. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in five populations from three regions of Venezuela. METHODS: During the years 2006 to 2010, 1320 subjects aged 20 years or older were selected by multistage stratified random sampling from all households in five municipalities from 3 regions of Venezuela: Lara State (Western region), Merida State (Andean region), and Capital District (Capital region)...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Kelly Oliva Jorge, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Ichiro Kawachi, Patrícia Maria Zarzar, Isabela Almeida Pordeus
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine illicit drug use and associations with socioeconomic factors as well as peer group influence among Brazilian adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. Two-stage cluster sampling was adopted, involving the random selection of public and private schools from the nine administrative districts of a Brazilian state capital and the random selection of classrooms at each school. Illicit drug use was the outcome and was measured through the question: "Have you ever used any illicit drugs (marijuana, inhalants, hypnotics, cocaine/crack, hallucinogens, amphetamines and opioids) in your life?"...
March 8, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Priscila Barros Schneider, Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas
The aim of this study was to analyze trends in the detection rate of leprosy in children under 15 years of age in Brazil from 2001 to 2016. A time series study used the Prais-Winsten procedure for generalized linear regression analysis, with significance set at 5%. The mean detection rate was 5.77 per 100,000 inhabitants. However, a downward trend was observed in this rate, with an annual percent change (APC) of -5% (95%CI: -6.7; -3.3). There was a downward trend in all regions of Brazil. Among the regions, the North maintained a hyperendemic mean detection rate (≥ 10...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Francelena de Sousa Silva, Yonna Costa Barbosa, Mônica Araújo Batalha, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Maria Dos Remédios Freitas Carvalho Branco, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Waleska Regina Machado Araújo, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
This study estimated the percentages of incomplete immunization with new vaccines and old vaccines and associated factors in children 13 to 35 months of age belonging to a birth cohort in São Luís, the capital of Maranhão State, Brazil. The sample was probabilistic, with 3,076 children born in 2010. Information on vaccination was obtained from the Child's Health Card. The new vaccines, namely those introduced in 2010, were meningococcal C and 10-valent pneumococcal, and the old vaccines, or those already on the childhood immunization schedule, were BCG, hepatitis B, human rotavirus, polio, tetravalent (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae b), yellow fever, and triple viral (measles, mumps, rubella)...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Makoto Hasegawa, Michio Murakami, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Satoshi Suzuki, Hitoshi Ohto
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in 2011, there was a strong demand to promote disaster preparedness approaches and health checkups for the prevention of lifestyle diseases. This study examined the yearly change in the percentage of those who prepared for disasters and who utilized health checkups in Fukushima Prefecture, and identified the factors governing disaster preparedness and utilization of health checkups. We used the public opinion survey from 2011 to 2015 ( n = 677-779 each year) on prefectural policies that is conducted every year by the Fukushima Prefecture government Public Consultation Unit...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Michael K Bokemper, Edgar T Araiza, Kimberly J Templeton, Tyler J Fox
CASE: We describe a 23-year-old man who had multiple recurrences of a giant cell tumor (GCT) of the third metacarpal. Initial treatments consisted of curettage without the use of an adjuvant and bone-grafting. At the time of the latest recurrence, the lesion had extended into the capitate and the trapezoid. Treatment included third-ray resection and limited midcarpal fusion. No local recurrence was identified at more than 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: GCTs of the hand should be aggressively treated, but care should be taken to preserve function whenever possible...
March 14, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Lars Borchardt, Mirian Elizabeth Casco, Joaquin Silvestre-Albero
Methane hydrate inheres the great potential to be a nature-inspired alternative for chemical energy storage, since it allows to store large amounts of methane in a dense solid phase. The embedment of methane hydrate in the confined environment of porous materials can be capitalized for potential applications as its physico-chemical properties such as the formation kinetics or pressure and temperature stability are significantly changed as compared to the bulk system. We review this topic from a materials scientific perspective by considering porous carbons, silica, clays, zeolites, and polymers as host structure for methane hydrate formation...
March 14, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Yvette Efevbera, Dana C McCoy, Alice J Wuermli, Theresa S Betancourt
Limited evidence describes promoting development and reducing violence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a missed opportunity to protect children and promote development and human capital. This study presents a systematic literature review of integrated early childhood development plus violence prevention (ECD+VP) interventions in LMICs. The search yielded 5,244 unique records, of which N = 6 studies met inclusion criteria. Interventions were in Chile, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Mozambique, and Turkey...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Ann Sheridan, Donal O'Keeffe, Barbara Coughlan, Kate Frazer, Johnathan Drennan, Mary Kemple
BACKGROUND: Social opportunities can be limited in the lives of people with enduring mental illness (EMI) due to psychiatric stigma, restricted home environments and employment barriers. Supported socialisation programmes have the potential to redress the impact of social isolation. AIM: To explore the experiences of service users with EMI taking part in a supported socialisation programme, using written diary entries. METHODS: This article reports on the qualitative component of a randomised controlled trial of supported socialisation for people with EMI (published previously in this journal)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Shao-Hsi Chung, Kuo-Chih Cheng
Background: The sunk cost effect is the scenario when individuals are willing to continue to invest capital in a failing project. The purpose of this study was to explain such irrational behavior by exploring how sunk costs affect individuals' willingness to continue investing in an unfavorable project and to understand the role of cognitive dissonance on the sunk cost effect. Methods: This study used an experimental questionnaire survey on managers of firms listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange and Over-The-Counter...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Laura Coll-Planas, Sergi Blancafort, Xavier Rojano, Marta Roqué, Rosa Monteserín
BACKGROUND: Older people living in socio-economic deprived urban areas especially suffer the effects of health inequalities but have been insufficiently targeted. Strategies promoted by local primary health care agents might influence health and social behaviours as intermediate social determinants that are modifiable and thus can potentially mitigate health inequalities. Therefore, we aim to develop and assess the effectiveness of a complex intervention based on a community programme that promotes self-management, health literacy and social capital targeting older people from urban socioeconomically disadvantaged areas in order to improve their self-perceived health as an indicator of health inequality reduction...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Q Zhou, F Shi, H Y Zhao, Y Li, Q K Song
Objective: To analyze the relationship between clinicopathologic characteristics of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) and its prognosis. Methods: Fifty-two cases of PMP collected from 2012 to 2017 at Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University were reviewed using the diagnostic criteria of WHO 2010. The histopathologic features, including original location, neural invasion and calcification were observed; and the relationship with prognosis was analyzed. Immunohistochemical staining for CK7, CK20 and CDX2 was performed on all cases...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
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