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Somogy Varga
Often drawing on the phenomenological tradition, a number of philosophers and cognitive scientists working in the field of "embodied cognition" subscribe to the general view that cognition is grounded in aspects of its sensorimotor embodiment and should be comprehended as the result of a dynamic interaction of nonneural and neural processes. After a brief introduction, the paper critically engages Lakoff and Johnson's "conceptual metaphor theory" (CMT), and provides a review of recent empirical evidence that appears to support it...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
Na Jiang, Lei Shi, Jieping Lin, Lifang Zhang, Yanxia Peng, Huiying Sheng, Ping Wu, Qingjun Pan
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) and enteric adenovirus (AdV) mainly cause infantile infectious gastroenteritis. Several separate test methods for the detection of RV or AdV are currently available, but few tests are able to simultaneously detect both RV and AdV viruses, especially in primary medical institutions. METHODS: The present study was mainly designed to compare the performance of two combined test strips for the detection of RV and AdV: a rotavirus-adenovirus strip with fluorescent microspheres for tracers (FMT); and the CerTest rotavirus-adenovirus blister strip with colored microspheres for tracers (CMT)...
March 13, 2018: Virology Journal
Jiang Li, Caili Li, Shanfa Lu
Cytosine DNA methylation is highly conserved epigenetic modification involved in a wide range of biological processes in eukaryotes. It was established and maintained by cytosine-5 DNA methyltransferases (C5-MTases) in plants. Through genome-wide identification, eight putative SmC5-MTase genes were identified from the genome of Salvia miltiorrhiza , a well-known traditional Chinese medicine material and an emerging model medicinal plant. Based on conserved domains and phylogenetic analysis, eight SmC5-MTase genes were divided into four subfamilies, including MET , CMT , DRM and DNMT2 ...
2018: PeerJ
Mehmet E Yalvac, Jakkrit Amornvit, Lei Chen, Kimberly M Shontz, Sarah Lewis, Zarife Sahenk
Neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) has well-recognized effects on peripheral nerve and Schwann cells, promoting axonal regeneration and associated myelination. In this study, we assessed the effects of AAV.NT-3 gene therapy on the oxidative state of the neurogenic muscle from the TremblerJ (TrJ ) mice at 16 weeks post-gene injection and found that the muscle fiber size increase was associated with a change in the oxidative state of muscle fibers towards normalization of the fiber type ratio seen in the wild type. NT-3-induced fiber size increase was most prominent for the fast twitch glycolytic fiber population...
March 9, 2018: Gene Therapy
Melissa R Mandarakas, Kristy J Rose, Oranee Sanmaneechai, Manoj P Menezes, Kathryn M Refshauge, Joshua Burns
A functional outcome measure for infants (aged 0-3 years) with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is needed for upcoming disease-modifying trials. A systematic review of outcome measures for infants with neuromuscular disorders was completed to determine if validated measures were available for the CMT infant population. We assessed 20,375 papers and identified seven functional outcome measures for infants with neuromuscular disorders. Six were developed and validated for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). There were no CMT-specific outcome measures identified, however one (Motor Function Measure) assessed a range of neuromuscular disorders including 13 infants and children with CMT...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
Chencheng Feng, Minghui Yang, Yang Zhang, Minghong Lan, Bo Huang, Huan Liu, Yue Zhou
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD) is a widely recognized contributor to low back pain. Mechanical stress is a crucial etiological factor of IDD. During the process of IDD, a vicious circle is formed between abnormal mechanical stress and the damage of disc structure and function. Notably, the pathological process of IDD is mediated by the phenotypic shift of IVD cells from an extracellular matrix anabolic phenotype to a catabolic and pro-inflammatory phenotype. Therefore, the effects of mechanical stress on the initiation and progression of IDD depend on the mechanobiology of IVD cells...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
T Maués, K B El-Jaick, F B Costa, G E F Araujo, M V G Soares, A S Moreira, M L G Ferreira, A M R Ferreira
The canine BRCA2 is a tumor supressor gene which encodes the BRCA2 protein, involved in DNA repair through interaction with the RAD51 recombinase. This process is mediated by eigth BRC repeats that are encoded by BRCA2 exon 11. Two variants corresponding to human mutations in human BRC3 repeat have been reported in canine BRC3 repeat. In addition, other variants have also been described in canine BRCA2 exon 11. Considering the importance of polymorphisms in human BRCA2 to breast cancer development, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of variants in BRCA2 exon 11 in 48 blood and tissue DNA samples from bitches with canine mammary tumors (CMT), as well as, to analyze tumor stage and histopathological features...
March 6, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Roopam Jariwal, Basel Shoua, Katayoun Sabetian, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Everardo Cobos
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a hereditary demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system that results in sensory and motor dysfunction. CMT includes a spectrum of diseases with different types of mutations in the genes encoding myelin protein, resulting in a variety of dysfunctions in its life cycle. In CMT subtype 1A there is duplication mutation of peripheral myelin protein 22 gene on chromosome 17. Incomplete penetrance, gene-dosage effect, and variable expressivity can attribute to the asymptomatic nature of the disease in some subset of patients...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Clare F McCloskey, Ann-Marie Mongan, Shivona Chetty, Darren M J McAteer, Shauna M Quinn
INTRODUCTION: To determine visual and anatomical outcomes of diabetic macular oedema (DMO) patients in a tertiary centre following conversion to aflibercept having been refractory to previous treatment with bevacizumab/ranibizumab. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with a diagnosis of DMO undergoing aflibercept intravitreal therapy for at least 6 months who had previous treatment with three consecutive bevacizumab/ranibizumab injections pre-switch...
March 5, 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Jingli Guo, WenYi Tang, Xiaofeng Ye, Haixiang Wu, Gezhi Xu, Wei Liu, Yongjin Zhang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the structural changes associated with visual acuity (VA) in patients with idiopathic macular telangiectasia (MT) type 1 using multimodal imaging modalities. METHODS: A retrospective study of 14 patients with MT type 1 and of 10 eyes from 10 healthy individuals as age-matched controls was conducted. The medical records of patients who had undergone colour fundus photography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography and OCT angiography were reviewed...
March 5, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Hidenori Takahashi, Yuji Inoue, Xue Tan, Satoru Inoda, Shinichi Sakamoto, Yusuke Arai, Yasuo Yanagi, Yujiro Fujino, Hidetoshi Kawashima
Purpose: To investigate the correlation between visual acuity and central macular thickness (CMT) and choroidal thickness (CCT) in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: In this retrospective analysis, 14 eyes that received >10 ranibizumab injections (based on pro re nata [PRN] regimen) and maintained initial visual acuity gain were analyzed. The following 5 parameters were measured at the foveal center: CMT (distance from the inner limiting membrane [ILM] to Bruch's membrane); central retinal thickness (CRT; distance from the ILM to the inner limit of the retinal pigment epithelium or subretinal fluid [SRF]); SRF thickness (SRFT); pigment epithelium detachment thickness (PEDT); and CCT...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Mesut Özgökçe, Veysel Atilla Ayyıldız, Hayri Oğul, Harun Arslan, Abdussamet Batur, Alpaslan Yavuz, Suat İnce, Deniz Yüce
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend for administration of invasive radiological interventions, laparoscopic surgery, and transplantation procedures in recent years, and determining the vascular variations prior to these procedures is crucially important. Celiacomesenteric trunk (CMT) is among these variations. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate this rare anomaly by computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1000 CT angiography images were analyzed retrospectively, and the patients with mesenteric and celiac arteries arising from the abdominal aorta with a single root were identified...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Petra Lassuthova, Adriana P Rebelo, Gianina Ravenscroft, Phillipa J Lamont, Mark R Davis, Fiore Manganelli, Shawna M Feely, Chelsea Bacon, Dana Šafka Brožková, Jana Haberlova, Radim Mazanec, Feifei Tao, Cima Saghira, Lisa Abreu, Steve Courel, Eric Powell, Elena Buglo, Dana M Bis, Megan F Baxter, Royston W Ong, Lorna Marns, Yi-Chung Lee, Yunhong Bai, Daniel G Isom, René Barro-Soria, Ki W Chung, Steven S Scherer, H Peter Larsson, Nigel G Laing, Byung-Ok Choi, Pavel Seeman, Michael E Shy, Lucio Santoro, Stephan Zuchner
Although mutations in more than 90 genes are known to cause CMT, the underlying genetic cause of CMT remains unknown in more than 50% of affected individuals. The discovery of additional genes that harbor CMT2-causing mutations increasingly depends on sharing sequence data on a global level. In this way-by combining data from seven countries on four continents-we were able to define mutations in ATP1A1, which encodes the alpha1 subunit of the Na+ ,K+ -ATPase, as a cause of autosomal-dominant CMT2. Seven missense changes were identified that segregated within individual pedigrees: c...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
Indu Yadav, Suraj K Nayak, V S Sharan Rathnam, Indranil Banerjee, Sirsendu S Ray, Arfat Anis, Kunal Pal
The current study deals with the preparation and the characterization of the PVA-CMT-GO films. The PVA-CMT film was translucent in nature and smooth to touch. The addition of GO resulted in the formation of agglomerated structures. XRD studies suggested that the incorporation of GO increased the average crystallite size. The mechanical properties of the films as determined by stress relaxation studies suggested that all the films were viscoelastic in nature. The drug release study showed a decrease in the amount of the drug release with the increase in the GO content...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Zafer Cebeci, Yusuf Cem Yilmaz, Nur Kir
AIM: To report the real-life experience and clinical results of intravitreal ranibizumab injections to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in a single institution in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 101 eyes of 89 patients with nAMD treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injection, followed up for at least 24mo between 2009 and June 2014, which were evaluated retrospectively. A pro re nata (PRN) treatment protocol was performed after the patients had received three, monthly loading injections...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Hyun Ju Kim, Han Gyul Yoon, Seong Taeck Kim
AIM: To examine the thickness of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) in eyes with resolved macular edema (ME) in non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), applying spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and its relationship with visual acuity. METHODS: The retrospective observational case-control study included 30 eyes of non-ischemic CRVO patients with resolved ME (ME eyes) after treatment, and 30 eyes of non-ischemic CRVO patients without ME (non-ME eyes)...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ah-Reum Ahn, Ueon Woo Rah, Ji-Eun Woo, Sunghoon Park, Sanghyun Kim, Shin-Young Yim
Our clinical experience led us to realize that craniovertebral junction (CVJ) abnormalities were common in surgical patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). This study aimed to report the concurrence rate of CVJ abnormalities in surgical patients with CMT, along with comprehensive evaluation of type of concurrent CVJ abnormalities. This was a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary hospital, including 41 subjects who underwent surgical release for CMT at the mean age of 8.38 years. The presence of CVJ abnormalities was analyzed, using craniofacial 3-dimensional computed tomography images...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Emma De Luca, Filippo Faccini, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Nino Dazzi
The aim of this article is to present validation data about a self-report rating scale for the assessment of interpersonal guilt according to Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silbershatz, 2005; Weiss, 1993; Weiss, Sampson, & The Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15s (IGRS-15s). In order to perform the validation of this tool in an Italian sample we have collected a sample of 645 nonclinical subjects. They had to complete the IGRS-15s, the Scale for the Measurement of the Impending Punishment (SMIP; Caprara et al...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Neha Goel, Vinod Kumar, Supriya Arora, Pooja Jain, Basudeb Ghosh
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe macular changes in treatment-naïve eyes with Eales disease using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on 79 eyes of 66 patients with Eales disease. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp biomicroscopy (SLB), indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and quantitative (central macular thickness [CMT]) and qualitative analysis on SD-OCT were performed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
A K Mishra, Nitika Sharma, D D Singh, K Gururaj, Abhishek, Vijay Kumar, D K Sharma
Aim: Assessment of the status of subclinical mastitis (SCM) in Jamunapari and Barbari goats in Indian organized farms, the involvement of bacterial pathogens and their sensitivity to antibiotics. Materials and Methods: A total of 181 composite milk samples were aseptically collected from the apparently healthy Barbari (n=95) and Jamunapari (n=86) goats. The California mastitis test (CMT) and somatic cell count (SCC) were used to diagnose SCM. The milk samples with CMT scores of 0 and +1 were considered as negative, while the samples with the score of +2 or +3 were taken as positive, and further, the positive samples were used for the bacteriological examination...
January 2018: Veterinary World
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