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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945059/tissue-dielectric-constant-and-circumference-measurement-in-the-follow-up-of-treatment-related-changes-in-lower-limb-lymphedema
#1
Alper Tugral, Tuomas Viren, Yesim Bakar
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema of lower limbs is a chronic condition that requires life-long management. Therapeutic effect of Complex Decongestive Physiotherapy (CDP) is most often followed by circumference measurements (CM). However, the CM measurements are not specific to interstitial tissue fluid and have problems in sensitivity and objectivity. The aim of present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of CDP with a new tissue water specific measurement technique, in patients with lower limb lymphedema (LLL)...
September 22, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945024/-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-insulin-resistance-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Wei Wu, Jing-Jing Yang, Yi-Gang Wan, Yue Tu, Ge Shi, Wen-Bei Han, Bu-Hui Liu, Jian Yao
The kidney is the target organ of insulin with abundant insulin receptors. Thereinto,the renal intrinsic cells including glomerular podocytes,endothelial cells,mesangial cells,renal tubular epitheliums and collecting duct epithelial cells are all highly sensitive to insulin as the effector cells. Furthermore,the structural and functional abnormalities of these cells are closely related to insulin and its receptors activity. It is reported that the chronic kidney disease(CKD)patients have systemic or renal insulin resistance(IR)...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944950/comparison-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-pedicle-screw-fixation-in-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-single-level-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-and-review-of-literature
#3
Hasan Serdar Işik, Özerk Okutan, Timur Yildirim, Elif Akpinar, Ali Yilmaz
AIM: There are some recognized treatment modalities in the literature for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases,which cause pain and avoidance of daily life activities for the patients.The most widely accepted algorithm in the literature is medical treatment,physical therapy and minimally invasive pain-relieving therapies,if necessary,followed by surgical interventions.The common procedure used in neurosurgery practice is the decompression of neural elements followed by fusion...
July 30, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944936/smoking-cessation-in-workplace-settings-quit-rates-and-determinants-in-a-group-behaviour-therapy-programme
#4
Yann Hausherr, Carlos Quinto, Leticia Grize, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION: To capitalise on the opportunities that the smoking ban legislation in Switzerland offers for the prevention of tobacco-related diseases, a smoking cessation programme in a workplace setting was developed and implemented in companies across the language and cultural regions of Switzerland. Our goal was to identify factors associated with relapse into smoking that may be overcome during training sessions or that should be considered for the optimisation of future interventions...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944933/emergency-department-management-of-body-packers-and-body-stuffers
#5
Liv Heymann-Maier, Lionel Trueb, Sabine Schmidt, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Olivier Hugli, Eric Heymann, Bertrand Yersin
Trafficking and sale of narcotics frequently involves the intra-abdominal transport of large quantities of drugs, usually cocaine or heroin ("body packing"), or, when there is a risk of being arrested, the oral ingestion of minor quantities of narcotics dedicated for immediate resale ("body stuffing"). This study aimed to describe the characteristics, complications and medical follow through of 132 cases of body packing (n = 36), cases of body stuffing (n = 83) or mixed cases (n = 13), referred by the authorities to our emergency department over the course of 12 years...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944901/effect-of-modified-xiaochaihu-decoction%C3%A2-containing-serum-on-hepg2-2-15-cells-via-the-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathway
#6
Shaofang Chen, Zhanglin Wang, Shichuan Wan, Hai Huang, Huiqing Liang
The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the effect of modified Xiaochaihu decoction (mXCHD) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Patients with CHB, in addition to liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome were randomly assigned to receive either Chinese (mXCHD) or western (entecavir) treatment, with 30 cases in each group. Serum was collected following treatment with mXCHD or entecavir for 7 days. A healthy group of 30 individuals was also included. HepG2...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944860/polyaniline-promotes-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-by-enhancement-of-the-brain%C3%A2-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-ciliary-neurotrophic-factor-expression-and-activation-of-the-erk1-2-mapk-signaling-pathway
#7
Lin Fan, Yan Xiong, Zhen Fu, Dingfeng Xu, Lei Wang, Yong Chen, Haoyang Xia, Na Peng, Shaojun Ye, Yanfeng Wang, Lina Zhang, Qifa Ye
A previous study has demonstrated a progression in the nerve regeneration by polyaniline/cellulose (PANI/RC), although the underlying mechanism was not elucidated. In the present study, regenerated nerves were investigated, using histological techniques, functional assays and western blot analysis. The triceps surae muscle weight ratio percentages of the sham, regenerated cellulose (RC) and the PANI/RC groups were 38.88±4.76 and 76.32±7.11%, respectively. The thickness of the myelin sheath for the aforementioned groups were as follows: 1...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944829/thymic-function-in-the-regulation-of-t-cells-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-modulation-of-cytokines-and-stress-signaling-review
#8
Fenggen Yan, Xiumei Mo, Junfeng Liu, Siqi Ye, Xing Zeng, Dacan Chen
The thymus is critical in establishing and maintaining the appropriate microenvironment for promoting the development and selection of T cells. The function and structure of the thymus gland has been extensively studied, particularly as the thymus serves an important physiological role in the lymphatic system. Numerous studies have investigated the morphological features of thymic involution. Recently, research attention has increasingly been focused on thymic proteins as targets for drug intervention. Omics approaches have yielded novel insights into the thymus and possible drug targets...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944752/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-breathing-retraining-exercises-taught-by-a-physiotherapist-either-by-instructional-dvd-or-in-face-to-face-sessions-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-adults
#9
Mike Thomas, Anne Bruton, Paul Little, Stephen Holgate, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, Steve George, James Raftery, Jennifer Versnel, David Price, Ian Pavord, Ratko Djukanovic, Michael Moore, Sarah Kirby, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, Emily Arden-Close, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Mark Stafford-Watson, Elizabeth Dixon, Lynda Taylor
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal, resulting in quality of life (QoL) impairment and costs. Breathing retraining exercises have evidence of effectiveness as adjuvant treatment, but are infrequently used. OBJECTIVES: To transfer the contents of a brief (three-session) physiotherapist-delivered breathing retraining programme to a digital versatile disc (DVD) and booklet format; to compare the effectiveness of the self-guided intervention with that of 'face-to-face' physiotherapy and usual care for QoL and other asthma-related outcomes; to perform a health economic assessment of both interventions; and to perform a process evaluation using quantitative and qualitative methods...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944749/keeping-communications-flowing-during-large-scale-disasters-leveraging-amateur-radio-innovations-for-disaster-medicine
#10
Victor H Cid, Andrew R Mitz, Stacey J Arnesen
Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time. A prototype communications system created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides basic communication services that ensure essential connectivity in the face of widespread infrastructure loss...
September 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944741/the-application-of-nanoparticles-for-neuroprotection-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#11
Lepei Chen, Xiaoling Gao
Stroke still represents one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS), caused by brain arterial occlusion resulting from a thrombus or embolus, is the most common form of stroke. However, current therapies in AIS are inadequate, and the only US FDA approved treatment is the thrombolytic drug Alteplase. Therefore, establishing effective therapeutic strategies for AIS is urgently needed. Using nanoparticle-based technologies to deliver neuroprotective agents to the ischemic area has attracted increasing attention of late...
October 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944717/an-overview-of-assessment-methodology-for-obesity-related-variables-in-infants-at-risk
#12
Danae Dinkel, Corrine Hanson, Karsten Koehler, Ann Anderson Berry, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Matthew Bice, Jill Wallen, Danstan Bagenda, Laura Jana, Jana Pressler
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of a child's life are a particularly critical time period for obesity prevention. AIM: An increasing amount of research across the world is aimed at understanding factors that impact early childhood obesity and developing interventions that target these factors effectively. With this growing interest, new and interdisciplinary research teams are developing to meet this research need. Due to rapid growth velocity during this phase of the lifespan, typical assessments used in older populations may not be valid or applicable in infants, and investigators need to be aware of the pros and cons of specific methodological strategies...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944709/the-cardiometabolic-effect-of-current-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-strategies-of-prevention-and-treatment
#13
Dinka Pavicic Baldani, Lana Skrgatic, Roya Ougouag, Miro Kasum
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder amongst women of reproductive age, which is characterized by reproductive and cardiometabolic disturbances with long-term health repercussions. Insulin resistance (IR), impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), obesity and dyslipidemia occur more in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. Long term data regarding risks or benefits of medical intervention for metabolic dysfunction of PCOS are lacking. Therapies, such as oral contraceptives (OCPs) and anti-androgenic medications used to manage the reproductive manifestations of PCOS, may themselves be the cause of cardiometabolic perturbations...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944699/compiling-standardized-information-from-clinical-practice-using-content-analysis-and-icf-linking-rules-in-a-goal-oriented-youth-rehabilitation-program
#14
Nadia A Lustenberger, Birgit Prodinger, Delgerjargal Dorjbal, Sara Rubinelli, Klaus Schmitt, Anke Scheel-Sailer
PURPOSE: To illustrate how routinely written narrative admission and discharge reports of a rehabilitation program for eight youths with chronic neurological health conditions can be transformed to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. METHODS: First, a qualitative content analysis was conducted by building meaningful units with text segments assigned of the reports to the five elements of the Rehab-Cycle(®): goal; assessment; assignment; intervention; evaluation...
September 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944697/influence-of-trunk-control-and-lower-extremity-impairments-on-gait-capacity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Julia Balzer, Petra Marsico, Elena Mitteregger, Marietta L van der Linden, Thomas H Mercer, Hubertus J A van Hedel
PURPOSE: We investigated the combined impact of trunk control and lower extremities impairments on predicting gait capacity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and evaluated relationships between trunk control and lower extremities impairments. METHODS: Data of 52 children with CP [29 boys, mean age 11 years 9 months (±4 years 6 months)] were included in this observational study. Gait capacity was measured by the "modified Time Up and Go test". Experienced therapists performed the "Modified Ashworth Scale", "Manual Muscle Test", the "Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity", and the "Trunk Control Measurement Scale"...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944685/hiv-testing-and-sexual-risks-among-migrant-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study-in-beijing-china
#16
Yu Liu, Sten H Vermund, Yuhua Ruan, Hongjie Liu, Chen Zhang, Lu Yin, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian
Despite the exacerbating HIV transmission among migrant men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, few epidemiological studies explore their HIV testing/risk profiles. We sought to explore sociodemographic/behavioral correlates of HIV/syphilis and HIV testing among migrant MSM. A study was conducted among 3,588 HIV-uninfected MSM. Participants were recruited via short message services, peer referral, web-advertisement and community outreach. HIV/syphilis infections were lab-confirmed. Migrant MSM were more likely to be HIV-infected compared to local MSM...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944646/acute-blood-glucose-cardiovascular-and-exaggerated-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Shohn G Wormgoor, Lance C Dalleck, Caryn Zinn, Nigel K Harris
BACKGROUND: Optimising exercise-induced physiological responses without increasing the risk of negative exaggerated responses is an important aspect of exercise prescription for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, knowledge of acute responses, including exaggerated responses, of different training modalities is limited. AIM: To compare acute physiological responses of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in T2DM...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944640/-unknown-title
#18
(no author information available yet)
Introduction : interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in the context of trauma remains a challenge for health care professionals who must react quickly and prioritize interventions according to trauma practice standards. Methods : a review of the literature was conducted by exploring the CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and Pubmed databases in relation to trauma and IPC in order to report on IPC knowledge in the context of traumatology. Results : a significant number of articles related to traumatology (n = 14), to IPC (n = 38) and then related to these two themes (n = 15) were identified and analyzed...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944633/-process-for-implementing-a-pain-assessment-scale-for-patients-with-brain-injuries-160-description-of-a-project-methodology-based-on-the-integrated-model-of-consultation
#19
Veronique de Goumoens, Francois Decaillet, Amelia Didier, Chantal Montreuil, Karin Diserens, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet
Background : in a neurosurgery unit, nurses selected the Critical Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) based on evidence to assess pain in brain-injured patients. However, months after implementation, nursing managers have observed an underutilization.Objectives : support a care team to overcome the pitfalls encountered during the implementation of the CPOT scale for brain-injured patients in neurosurgery unit.Methods : the Lescarbeau, Payette and St-Arnaud's Integrated Model of Consultation was selected. In addition to a scientific literature review, self-administered questionnaire and three interview guides were developed to gather the views of caregivers...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944631/-developing-the-role-of-head-nurses-in-promoting-evidence-based-practices-among-hospital-staff-nurses-160-an-integrative-literature-review
#20
Nathalie Larochelle, Line Beaudet
Introduction : application of evidence-based practice (EBP) by nurses is uneven and inconsistent. Background : characteristics related to head nurses and organizations influence their interventions to the detriment of EBP. Objectives : this integrative literature review informed by the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework developed by Straus, Tetroe, and Graham (1) sought to identify the barriers and facilitators encountered by head nurses when implementing EBP among hospital staff nurses. It also sought to put in evidence interventions to promote lasting implementation of EBP...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
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