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Horacio Lejarraga, Diana M Kelmansky, Alicia Masautis, Fernando Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a psychomotor development index (PDI) for each Argentine province. POPULATION AND METHODS: Using a national, probabilistic, and stratified sample of 13 323 male and female children younger than 6 years selected for the National Survey on Nutrition and Health (Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud, ENNyS 2004), we estimated the PDI per province based on compliance with 10 developmental milestones. The median age at attainment (median age) of each milestone was estimated adjusting a logistic regression...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
S Mejía-Rivera, S A Pérez-Marroquín, R Cortés-González, H Medina-Franco
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Esophagectomy is a highly invasive surgery and one of its postoperative complications is anastomotic leakage, occurring in 53% of cases. The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity of the contrast-enhanced swallow study as a method for diagnosing anastomotic leak in patients that underwent esophagectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included the case records of patients that underwent esophagectomy with reconstruction and cervical anastomosis at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán within the time frame of January 1, 2000 and May 31, 2006...
March 7, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Maritza Alejandra Amaya-Castellanos, María Del Carmen Morales-Ruan, Rebeca Uribe-Carvajal, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Araceli Apolonia Salazar-Coronel, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Introducción: Se implementó un modelo de capacitación en orientación alimentaria para la población beneficiaria y el personal operativo del Programa de Abasto Rural (PAR) de Diconsa, el cual es una iniciativa social de ayuda alimentaria que abastece productos básicos y complementarios, además de brindar capacitación en localidades de alta marginación en México. Objetivo: Documentar la utilización de la Metodología de Capacitación Multimedial (MCM) en el desarrollo de un esquema de capacitación sobre orientación alimentaria y su implementación en la población beneficiaria del PAR, a través de la propia estructura operativa del PAR...
March 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
Ana Paula Black, Juliana S Anjos, Ludmila Cardozo, Flávia L Carmo, Carla J Dolenga, Lia S Nakao, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of low-protein diet (LPD) on uremic toxins and the gut microbiota profile in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Longitudinal study with 30 nondialysis CKD patients (stage 3-4) undergoing LPD for 6 months. Adherence to the diet was evaluated based on the calculation of protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance from the 24-hour urine analysis. Good adherence to LPD was considered when protein intake was from 90% to 110% of the prescribed amount (0...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
F Gaytan, C Morales, J Roa, M Tena-Sempere
STUDY QUESTION: Is keratin 8/18 (K8/K18) expression linked to cell death/survival events in the human granulosa cell lineage? SUMMARY ANSWER: A close association exists between changes in K8/K18 expression and cell death/survival events along the human granulosa cell lineage lifespan. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In addition to their structural and mechanical functions, K8/K18 play essential roles regulating cell death, survival and differentiation in several non-gonadal epithelial tissues...
February 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Maiara Brusco de Freitas, Emilia Addison Machado Moreira, Diane de Lima Oliveira, Camila Tomio, Julia Salvan da Rosa, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Eliana Barbosa, Norberto Ludwig Neto, Vittoria Buccigrossi, Alfredo Guarino, Tânia Silvia Fröde
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by excessive activation of immune processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of synbiotic supplementation on the inflammatory response in children/adolescents with CF. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, clinical-trial was conducted with control group (CG, n = 17), placebo-CF-group (PCFG, n = 19), synbiotic CF-group (SCFG, n = 22), PCFG negative (n = 8) and positive (n = 11) bacteriology, and SCFG negative (n = 12) and positive (n = 10) bacteriology...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
María Dolores Del Olmo García, Julia Ocón Bretón, Julia Álvarez Hernández, María Dolores Ballesteros Pomar, Francisco Botella Romero, Irene Bretón Lesmes, Daniel de Luis Román, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Miguel Ángel Martínez Olmos, Gabriel Olveira Fuster
BACKGROUND: Imprecision in terms used in the field of clinical nutrition may lead to misinterpretations among professionals. OBJECTIVE: For this reason, the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) promoted this document on the terms and definitions used in clinical artificial nutrition (enteral and parenteral), establishing an agreement between Spanish experts of this specialty. METHODS: Forty-seven specialists in endocrinology and nutrition, members of the Nutrition Area of the SEEN, participated between April and September 2016...
January 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
Elizabeth Pérez-Cruz, Christian Patricio Camacho-Limas
Objective: To determine the nutritional status and its association with functional capacity in patients with digestive tract cancer. Methods: We retrospectively studied all adult patients hospitalized who were diagnosed as having a cancer of the digestive tract. Nutritional status and functional capacity were assessed. Descriptive statistic and odds ratio were used to determine the association in SPSS 14.0. Results: 57 patients were included, 96% had weight loss...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Claudia Nery Teixeira Palombo, Elizabeth Fujimori, Áurea Tamami Minagawa Toriyama, Luciane Simões Duarte, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges
Introduction: Nutritional counseling and growth follow-up are priorities when providing care to children; however, these have not been completely incorporated into primary health care. Objective: To know the difficulties for providing nutritional counseling and child growth follow-up, from a professional healthcare perspective. Method: Qualitative study, using Donabedian as theoretical framework, developed by 53 professionals in the field of primary health care...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Claire E Altman, Jennifer Van Hook, Jonathan Gonzalez
Mexican women gain weight with increasing duration in the United States. In the United States, body dissatisfaction tends to be associated with depression, disordered eating, and incongruent weight evaluations, particularly among white women and women of higher socioeconomic status. However, it remains unclear how overweight and obesity is interpreted by Mexican women. Using comparable data of women ages 20-64 from both Mexico (the 2006 Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutricion; N=17,012) and the United States (the 1999-2009 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys; N=8,487), we compare weight status evaluations among Mexican nationals, Mexican immigrants, U...
2017: International Migration Review
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
Adriano Hyeda, Élide Sbardellotto Mariano da Costa
Objective: To conduct an economic analysis of enteral and parenteral diet costs according to the type of disease and outcome (survivors versus deaths). Methods: It is a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study with a qualitative and quantitative design, based on analysis of hospital accounts from a healthcare insurance provider in the Southern region of Brazil. Results: We analyzed 301 hospital accounts of individuals who used enteral and parenteral diets...
April 2017: Einstein
Gabriela Cristofoli Barni, Gabriele Carra Forte, Luis Felipe Forgiarini, Claudine Lacerda de Oliveira Abrahão, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
Objective: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients attending an adult cystic fibrosis (CF) program and to investigate the associations of malnutrition with the clinical characteristics of those patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with clinically stable CF patients (16 years of age or older). The patients underwent clinical assessment, nutritional assessments, pulmonary function tests, and pancreatic function assessment...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Rodrigo Abensur Athanazio, Luiz Vicente Ribeiro Ferreira da Silva Filho, Alberto Andrade Vergara, Antônio Fernando Ribeiro, Carlos Antônio Riedi, Elenara da Fonseca Andrade Procianoy, Fabíola Villac Adde, Francisco José Caldeira Reis, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Lídia Alice Torres, Marcelo Bicalho de Fuccio, Matias Epifanio, Mônica de Cássia Firmida, Neiva Damaceno, Norberto Ludwig-Neto, Paulo José Cauduro Maróstica, Samia Zahi Rached, Suzana Fonseca de Oliveira Melo
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by dysfunction of the CFTR gene. It is a multisystem disease that most often affects White individuals. In recent decades, various advances in the diagnosis and treatment of CF have drastically changed the scenario, resulting in a significant increase in survival and quality of life. In Brazil, the current neonatal screening program for CF has broad coverage, and most of the Brazilian states have referral centers for the follow-up of individuals with the disease...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Sandra Mari Barbiero, Caroline D'Azevedo Sica, Raphael Borges, David William Moraes, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Background: Schools have become a key figure for the promotion of health and obesity interventions, bringing the development of critical awareness to the construction and promotion of a healthy diet, physical activity, and the monitoring of the nutritional status in childhood and adolescence. Objectives: To describe a study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve knowledge of food choices in the school environment. Methods: This is a cluster-randomized, parallel, two-arm study conducted in public elementary and middle schools in Brazil...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Consuelo Pedrón Giner, Margarita Cuervas-Mons Vendrell, Rafael Galera Martínez, Lilianne Gómez López, Pilar Gomis Muñoz, Iñaki Irastorza Terradillos, Cecilia Martínez Costa, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Cleofé Pérez-Portabella Maristany, M ª Teresa Pozas Del Río, Susana E Redecillas Ferreiro, Gerardo Prieto Bozano, Senpe Grupo de Estandarización de la Senpe
Introducción:la nutrición parenteral (NP) en la infancia es un tratamiento cuyas características son muy variables en función de la edad y la patología que presente el paciente.Material y métodos: el grupo de Estandarización y Protocolos de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral (SENPE) es un grupo interdisciplinar formado por miembros de la SENPE, Sociedad Española de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición Pediátrica (SEGHNP) y Sociedad Española de Farmacia Hospitalaria (SEFH) que pretende poner al día este tema...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
María Tormo Santamaría, Eva María Trescastro López, Pamela Pereyra Zamora, María Eugenia Galiana Sánchez, Josep Bernabeu-Mestre
La educación en alimentación y nutrición es una herramienta fundamental para garantizar la salud. En 1961, se puso en marcha el Programa de Educación en Alimentación y Nutrición (EDALNU), que ayudó a la población española a completar su transición alimentaria y nutricional. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las características de la red de promotores de salud que se desarrolló en el marco del programa.Recibieron formación relacionada con alimentación y nutrición 46.752 personas, el 94% de ellas mujeres...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introduction: Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the onset of eating disorders (ED) such as anorexia and bulimia nervosas. Body dissatisfaction, a precipitating factor for ED, leads adolescents to seek information on the Internet about diets. In this context, pro-Ana (proanorexia) and pro-Mia (probulimia) are on-line pages that promulgate highly harmful contents for health related to weight loss and ED. Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze quantity, quality and social diffusion strategies used by pro-Ana and pro-Mia webpages...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introduction: Child malnutrition remains a serious public health problem in Honduras, with a national prevalence according to the World Health Organization (WHO) reference values of 29% in children under fi ve. In addition, the average chronic malnutrition in the region amounts to 80% in poor and indigenous communities, making Honduras the second country in Central America with the highest incidence of chronic malnutrition. Another problem of the region is the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding: only 29...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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