keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bmi1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337063/bmi1-activates-wnt-signaling-in-colon-cancer-by-negatively-regulating-the-wnt-antagonist-idax
#1
Feiyue Yu, Chuanyi Zhou, Hui Zeng, Yabing Liu, Shangfu Li
Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling plays a critical role in the development of colon cancer. BMI, a component of the polycomb repressive complex (PRC1), is upregulated in various types of cancer and contributes to epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressors. In this study, we showed that BMI1 is upregulated in colon cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of BMI1 in primary epithelial colon cells promotes cellular growth and activates WNT pathway, while BMI1 silencing in colon cancer cells represses these effects...
January 11, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329541/a-role-for-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-intestinal-stem-cell-proliferation-and-mesenchymal-colorectal-cancer
#2
Jon Peñarando, Laura M López-Sánchez, Rafael Mena, Silvia Guil-Luna, Francisco Conde, Vanessa Hernández, Marta Toledano, Victoria Gudiño, Michela Raponi, Caroline Billard, Carlos Villar, César Díaz, José Gómez-Barbadillo, Juan De la Haba-Rodríguez, Kevin Myant, Enrique Aranda, Antonio Rodríguez-Ariza
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has been highlighted as an important agent in cancer-related events. Although the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) isoform has received most attention, recent studies in the literature indicate that the endothelial isoenzyme (eNOS) can also modulate different tumor processes including resistance, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. However, the role of eNOS in cancer stem cell (CSC) biology and mesenchymal tumors is unknown. RESULTS: Here, we show that eNOS was significantly upregulated in VilCre ERT2 Apc fl/+ and VilCre ERT2 Apc fl/fl mouse intestinal tissue, with intense immunostaining in hyperproliferative crypts...
January 10, 2018: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329466/association-between-body-weight-change-before-and-after-delivery-and-development-of-nonmetabolic-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#3
Zhao Ya, Zeng Yue, Liu Dan, Lin Neng-Bo, Luo Yi, Miao Ying, Wan Qin
The aim of the work was to investigate the association between body weight change before and after delivery and development of nonmetabolic syndrome in Chinese females aged ≥40 years. We selected 789 participants without metabolic syndrome randomly from a baseline survey performed in Luzhou, China in 2011. We took the group with decreasing or no increasing body mass index difference during a pregnancy as "R-Body Mass Index 1" (n=286) and divided the group with increasing body mass index difference during a pregnancy into "R-Body Mass Index 2" (n=254) and "R-Body Mass Index 3" (n=249) based upon P50...
January 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326345/microrna-452-exerts-growth-suppressive-activity-against-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
Haihao Wang, Qiannan Guo, Guizhi Zhu, Shuo Zhu, Peiwen Yang, Mingsheng Zhang
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematological cancer. Although microRNA (miR)-452 serves as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, its expression and function in hematological cancers including T-ALL is largely unknown. We measured the expression of miR-452 in 38 T-ALL and 22 normal lymph node samples by real-time PCR analysis. The methylation levels in the promoter of miR-452 were determined using MethyLight assay. The effects of miR-452 overexpression on proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and tumorigenesis were explored...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323265/redox-dependent-bmi1-activity-drives-in-vivo-adult-cardiac-progenitor-cell-differentiation
#5
Diego Herrero, María Tomé, Susana Cañón, Francisco M Cruz, Rosa María Carmona, Encarna Fuster, Enrique Roche, Antonio Bernad
Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is associated with several cardiovascular pathologies and with cell cycle exit by neonanatal cardiomyocytes, a key limiting factor in the regenerative capacity of the adult mammalian heart. The polycomb complex component BMI1 is linked to adult progenitors and is an important partner in DNA repair and redox regulation. We found that high BMI1 expression is associated with an adult Sca1+ cardiac progenitor sub-population with low ROS levels. In homeostasis, BMI1 repressed cell fate genes, including a cardiogenic differentiation program...
January 11, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322514/the-yin-and-yang-of-yy1-in-tumor-growth-and-suppression
#6
REVIEW
Levon M Khachigian
Yin Yang-1 (YY1) is a zinc finger protein and member of the GLI-Kruppel family that can activate or inactivate gene expression depending on interacting partners, promoter context and chromatin structure, and may be involved in the transcriptional control of ∼10% of the total mammalian gene set. A growing body of literature indicates that YY1 is overexpressed in multiple cancer types and that increased YY1 levels correlate with poor clinical outcomes in many cancers. However the role of YY1 in the promotion or suppression of tumor growth remains controversial and its regulatory effects may be tumor cell type dependent at least in experimental systems...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282831/bmi1-progenitor-cell-dynamics-in-murine-cornea-during-homeostasis-and-wound-healing
#7
Solja Kalha, Bideep Shrestha, Maria Sanz Navarro, Kyle B Jones, Ophir D Klein, Frederic Michon
The outermost layer of the eye, the cornea, is renewed continuously throughout life. Stem cells of the corneal epithelium reside in the limbus at the corneal periphery and ensure homeostasis of the central epithelium. However, in young mice, homeostasis relies on cells located in the basal layer of the central corneal epithelium. Here, we first studied corneal growth during the transition from newborn to adult and assessed Keratin 19 (Krt19) expression as a hallmark of corneal maturation. Next, we set out to identify a novel marker of murine corneal epithelial progenitor cells before, during and after maturation, and we found that Bmi1 is expressed in the basal epithelium of the central cornea and limbus...
December 28, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251058/abundant-expression-of-bmi1-in-follicular-lymphoma-is-associated-with-reduced-overall-survival
#8
Naif AlJohani, Suk-Jin Choi, Andrew G Day, Abdulmohsen Alhejaily, Shakeel Virk, Tara Baetz, David P LeBrun
Although generally indolent, follicular lymphoma (FL) sometimes pursues a more aggressive course leading to early death. B-cell-specific Mo-MLV insertion site-1 (BMI1) is a member of the polycomb group (PcG) proteins that confer stem cell properties through gene silencing. We used multi-channel immunofluorescence and automated image analysis to quantify BMI1 selectively in the nuclei of FL-derived B-cells in routine biopsy specimens. Applying this assay to 109 pretreatment FL biopsy samples demonstrates a significant association between abundant BMI1 and reduced overall survival (p = ...
December 18, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242210/reversible-immortalisation-enables-genetic-correction-of-human-muscle-progenitors-and-engineering-of-next-generation-human-artificial-chromosomes-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#9
Sara Benedetti, Narumi Uno, Hidetoshi Hoshiya, Martina Ragazzi, Giulia Ferrari, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Louise Anne Moyle, Rossana Tonlorenzi, Angelo Lombardo, Soraya Chaouch, Vincent Mouly, Marc Moore, Linda Popplewell, Kanako Kazuki, Motonobu Katoh, Luigi Naldini, George Dickson, Graziella Messina, Mitsuo Oshimura, Giulio Cossu, Francesco Saverio Tedesco
Transferring large or multiple genes into primary human stem/progenitor cells is challenged by restrictions in vector capacity, and this hurdle limits the success of gene therapy. A paradigm is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an incurable disorder caused by mutations in the largest human gene: dystrophin. The combination of large-capacity vectors, such as human artificial chromosomes (HACs), with stem/progenitor cells may overcome this limitation. We previously reported amelioration of the dystrophic phenotype in mice transplanted with murine muscle progenitors containing a HAC with the entire dystrophin locus (DYS-HAC)...
December 14, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220397/desethylamiodarone-a-metabolite-of-amiodarone-induces-apoptosis-on-t24-human-bladder-cancer-cells-via-multiple-pathways
#10
Zita Bognar, Katalin Fekete, Csenge Antus, Eniko Hocsak, Rita Bognar, Antal Tapodi, Arpad Boronkai, Nelli Farkas, Ferenc Gallyas, Balazs Sumegi, Arpad Szanto
Bladder cancer (BC) is a common malignancy of the urinary tract that has a higher frequency in men than in women. Cytostatic resistance and metastasis formation are significant risk factors in BC therapy; therefore, there is great interest in overcoming drug resistance and in initiating research for novel chemotherapeutic approaches. Here, we suggest that desethylamiodarone (DEA)-a metabolite of amiodarone-may have cytostatic potential. DEA activates the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (detected by JC-1 fluorescence), and induces cell death in T24 human transitional-cell bladder carcinoma cell line at physiologically achievable concentrations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220380/hexokinase-2-hk2-the-tumor-promoter-in-glioma-is-downregulated-by-mir-218-bmi1-pathway
#11
Hui Liu, Nan Liu, Yingduan Cheng, Weilin Jin, Pengxing Zhang, Xin Wang, Hongwei Yang, Xiaoshan Xu, Zhen Wang, Yanyang Tu
In cancer, glycolysis driving enzymes and their regulating microRNAs are one of the key focus of oncology research lately. The glycolytic enzyme hexokinase 2 (HK2) is crucial for the Warburg effect in human glioma, the most common malignant brain tumor. In the present study, we studied the tumorigenic role of HK2 in glioma, and clarified the mechanism of miR-218 induced HK2 regulation in glioma development. The HK2 expression in patient derived glioma and non neoplastic brain tissue was quantified. The HK2 silenced U87 and U251 cell lines were assessed for their proliferation, migration and invasive potential in vitro, while the tumor forming potential of U87 cells was evaluated in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212025/convergence-of-bmi1-and-chd7-on-erk-signaling-in-medulloblastoma
#12
Sara Badodi, Adrian Dubuc, Xinyu Zhang, Gabriel Rosser, Mariane Da Cunha Jaeger, Michelle M Kameda-Smith, Anca Sorana Morrissy, Paul Guilhamon, Philipp Suetterlin, Xiao-Nan Li, Loredana Guglielmi, Ashirwad Merve, Hamza Farooq, Mathieu Lupien, Sheila K Singh, M Albert Basson, Michael D Taylor, Silvia Marino
We describe molecular convergence between BMI1 and CHD7 in the initiation of medulloblastoma. Identified in a functional genomic screen in mouse models, a BMI1High;CHD7Low expression signature within medulloblastoma characterizes patients with poor overall survival. We show that BMI1-mediated repression of the ERK1/2 pathway leads to increased proliferation and tumor burden in primary human MB cells and in a xenograft model, respectively. We provide evidence that repression of the ERK inhibitor DUSP4 by BMI1 is dependent on a more accessible chromatin configuration in G4 MB cells with low CHD7 expression...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208462/microrna-630-inhibits-breast-cancer-progression-by-directly-targeting-bmi1
#13
Xiu-Feng Gong, An-Lu Yu, Jun Tang, Chen-Long Wang, Jian-Rong He, Guo-Qiang Chen, Qian Zhao, Ming He, Ci-Xiang Zhou
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in breast cancer cell biological processes, including proliferation and apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of their target genes. Herein, we reported that miR-630 overexpression initiates apoptosis, blocks cell cycle progression and suppresses cell proliferation in breast cancer cells. Furthermore, BMI1, a member of polycomb group family, was identified as a direct target of miR-630, and there was a negative correlation between the expression levels of BMI1 and miR-630 in human breast cancer samples...
December 2, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203393/pyrin-inflammasome-regulates-tight-junction-integrity-to-restrict-colitis-and-tumorigenesis
#14
Deepika Sharma, Ankit Malik, Clifford S Guy, Rajendra Karki, Peter Vogel, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) increase risk for colorectal cancer. Mutations in the Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV or pyrin) are associated with hereditary autoinflammatory disease and severe IBD. Expression of MEFV, a sensor protein that the initiates assembly of the inflammasome complex, is increased in colon biopsies from patients with IBD. We investigated the role of pyrin in intestinal homeostasis in mice. METHODS: Mefv-/- mice and C57/BL6 mice (controls) were given azoxymethane followed by multiple rounds of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to induce colitis and tumorigenesis...
December 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202468/polycomb-subunit-bmi1-determines-uterine-progesterone-responsiveness-essential-for-normal-embryo-implantation
#15
Qiliang Xin, Shuangbo Kong, Junhao Yan, Jingtao Qiu, Bo He, Chan Zhou, Zhangli Ni, Haili Bao, Lin Huang, Jinhua Lu, Guoliang Xia, Xicheng Liu, Zi-Jiang Chen, Chao Wang, Haibin Wang
Natural and synthetic progestogens have been commonly used to prevent recurrent pregnancy loss in women with inadequate progesterone secretion or reduced progesterone sensitivity. However, the clinical efficacy of progesterone and its analogs for maintaining pregnancy is variable. Additionally, the underlying cause of impaired endometrial progesterone responsiveness during early pregnancy remains unknown. Here, we demonstrated that uterine-selective depletion of BMI1, a key component of the polycomb repressive complex-1 (PRC1), hampers uterine progesterone responsiveness and derails normal uterine receptivity, resulting in implantation failure in mice...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200967/pharmacological-inhibition-of-bmi1-by-ptc-209-impaired-tumor-growth-in-head-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Qiong Wang, Zhongwu Li, Yaping Wu, Rong Huang, Yumin Zhu, Wei Zhang, Yanling Wang, Jie Cheng
Background: Bmi1 (B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 homolog) contributes to human tumorigenesis via epigenetic transcriptional silencing and represents a novel therapeutic target with great potentials. Here we sought to determine the therapeutic efficiency of PTC-209, a potent and selective Bmi1 inhibitor, in head neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and a HNSCC xenograft model. Methods: The mutation pattern, mRNA level of Bmi1 in HNSCC and its associations with clinicopathological parameters were determined through comprehensive data mining and interrogation using publicly available databases GENT, cBioPortal, Oncomine and TCGA...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186980/overexpressed-mir-128a-enhances-chemoradiotherapy-to-laryngeal-cancer-cells-and-its-correlation-with-bmi1
#17
Hui Chen, Lei Jin, Liang Zhou, Jia-Meng Huang
AIM: To clarify the function of miR-128a on radiotherapy and chemotherapy resistance in laryngeal cancer and explore the possible mechanism. MATERIALS & METHODS: Hep-2 and AMC-HN-8 cell lines were cultured. MiR-128a was upregulated utilizing lentiviral transfection. Through radiotherapy and chemotherapy assays, the function of miR-128a on chemoradiotherapy was evaluated. The correlation of miR-128a with BMI1 was identified by performing real-time PCR. RESULTS: The hsa-miR128a cell line was established...
November 30, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180181/marked-stem-progenitor-cell-expansion-occurs-early-after-murine-ileostomy-a-new-model
#18
Kathryn L Fowler, Minna M Wieck, Ashley E Hilton, Xiaogang Hou, Christopher R Schlieve, Tracy C Grikscheit
BACKGROUND: Improving treatment for short bowel syndrome requires a better understanding of how intestinal adaptation is affected by factors like mechanoluminal stimulation. We hypothesized that in mice, luminal diversion via an ileostomy would drive adaptive changes similar to those seen in human intestine after diversion while offering the opportunity to study the immediate events after resection that precede intestinal adaptation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee approval, a distal ileostomy with a long distal Hartman's was created in 9- to 14-week-old C57/B6 mice (n = 8)...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177131/recent-advances-in-intestinal-stem-cells
#19
Laura R McCabe, Narayanan Parameswaran
Purpose of review: The intestine is a dynamic organ with rapid stem cell division generating epithelial cells that mature and apoptose in 3-5 days. Rapid turnover maintains the epithelial barrier and homeostasis. Current insights on intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and their regulation are discussed here. Recent findings: The Lgr5+ ISCs maintain intestinal homeostasis by dividing asymmetrically, but also divide symmetrically to extinguish or replace ISCs. Following radiation or mucosal injury, reserve BMI1+ ISCs as well as other crypt cells can de-differentiate into Lgr5+ ISCs...
September 2017: Current Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163782/bmi1-reduces-atr-activation-and-signalling-caused-by-hydroxyurea
#20
Xiaozeng Lin, Fengxiang Wei, Peter Whyte, Damu Tang
BMI1 facilitates DNA damage response (DDR) induced by double strand DNA breaks; however, it remains unknown whether BMI1 functions in single strand DNA (ssDNA) lesions-initiated DDR. We report here that BMI1 reduces hydroxyurea-elicited ATR activation, thereby reducing the S-phase checkpoints. Hydroxyurea induces ssDNA lesions, which activate ATR through binding TOPBP1 as evidenced by phosphorylation of ATR at threonine 1989 (ATRpT1989). ATR subsequently phosphorylates H2AX at serine 139 (γH2AX) and CHK1 at serine 345 (CHK1pS345), leading to phosphorylation of CDK1 at tyrosine 15 (CDK1pY15) and S-phase arrest...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
37362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"