keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MUC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034530/gene-expression-and-morphological-changes-in-the-intestinal-mucosa-associated-with-increased-permeability-induced-by-short-term-fasting-in-chickens
#1
S Gilani, G S Howarth, G Nattrass, S M Kitessa, R Barekatain, R E A Forder, C D Tran, R J Hughes
Short-term fasting for 4.5 and 9 hr has been demonstrated to increase intestinal permeability (IP) in chickens. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 0, 4.5, 9 and 19.5 hr fasting on intestinal gene expression and villus-crypt architecture of enterocytes in jejunal and ileal samples. On day 38, Ross-308 male birds were fasted according to their group and then euthanised. Two separate intestinal sections (each 2 cm long, jejunum and ileum) were collected. One section was utilised for villus height and crypt depth measurements...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033903/protective-effect-of-akkermansia-muciniphila-against-immune-mediated-liver-injury-in-a-mouse-model
#2
Wenrui Wu, Longxian Lv, Ding Shi, Jianzhong Ye, Daiqiong Fang, Feifei Guo, Yating Li, Xingkang He, Lanjuan Li
Accumulating evidence indicates that gut microbiota participates in the pathogenesis and progression of liver diseases. The severity of immune-mediated liver injury is associated with different microbial communities. Akkermansia muciniphila can regulate immunologic and metabolic functions. However, little is known about its effects on gut microbiota structure and function. This study investigated the effect of A. muciniphila on immune-mediated liver injury and potential underlying mechanisms. Twenty-two C57BL/6 mice were assigned to three groups (N = 7-8 per group) and continuously administrated A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957810/chronic-toxicity-test-in-cynomolgus-monkeys-for-98-days-with-repeated-intravenous-infusion-of-cynomolgus-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Jie He, Guang-Ping Ruan, Xiang Yao, Ju-Fen Liu, Xiang-Qing Zhu, Jing Zhao, Rong-Qing Pang, Zi-An Li, Xing-Hua Pan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Stem cell-based therapy is attractive in many clinical studies, but current data on the safety of stem cell applications remains inadequate. This study observed the safety, immunological effect of cynomolgus monkey umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (mUC-MSCs) injected into cynomolgus monkeys, in order to evaluate the safety of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) prepared for human clinical application. METHODS: Eighteen cynomolgus monkeys were divided into three groups...
September 29, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940535/experimental-and-numerical-assessment-of-hyperthermic-laser-lipolysis-with-1-064%C3%A2-nm-nd-yag-laser-on-a-porcine-fatty-tissue-model
#4
Matija Milanic, Blaz Tasic Muc, Matija Jezersek, Matjaz Lukac
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop experimental and numerical models for a better understanding of hyperthermic laser lipolysis (HHL). STUDY DESIGN: A 3 cm thick porcine fat sample was irradiated over a 4.3 × 4.7 cm(2) area for 2 minutes with a 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser using 1.2 W/cm(2) irradiance. Two irradiation scenarios were considered: without and with forced air cooling. Following the irradiation, the sample was left to cool down by natural convection...
September 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934241/hla-dr7-and-hla-dq2-transgenic-mouse-strains-tested-as-a-model-system-for-ximelagatran-hepatotoxicity
#5
Hanna Lundgren, Klara Martinsson, Karin Cederbrant, Johan Jirholt, Daniel Mucs, Katja Madeyski-Bengtson, Said Havarinasab, Per Hultman
The oral thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran was withdrawn in the late clinical trial phase because it adversely affected the liver. In approximately 8% of treated patients, drug-induced liver injury (DILI) was expressed as transient alanine transaminase (ALT) elevations. No evidence of DILI had been revealed in the pre-clinical in vivo studies. A whole genome scan study performed on the clinical study material identified a strong genetic association between the major histocompatibility complex alleles for human leucocyte antigens (HLA) (HLA-DR7 and HLA-DQ2) and elevated ALT levels in treated patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917596/response-rate-to-chemotherapy-after-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-metastatic-urothelial-cancer
#6
Bernadett Szabados, Nick van Dijk, Yen Zhi Tang, Michiel S van der Heijden, Akhila Wimalasingham, Alfonso Gomez de Liano, Simon Chowdhury, Simon Hughes, Sarah Rudman, Mark Linch, Thomas Powles
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are active in metastatic urothelial carcinoma (MUC). They have joined chemotherapy (CT) as a standard of care. Here, we investigate the activity of CT after progression on ICIs. Two cohorts of sequential patients with MUC were described (n=28). Cohort A received first-line ICIs followed by CT after progression. Cohort B received CT after failure of first-line platinum-based CT followed by ICIs. Response rate (RR) to CT was assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1...
September 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916165/muc1-deficiency-exacerbates-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-silicosis
#7
Kosuke Kato, Marina A Zemskova, Alec D Hanss, Marianne M Kim, Ross Summer, Kwang Chul Kim
BACKGROUND: MUC1 (MUC in human and Muc in animals) is a membrane-tethered mucin expressed on the apical surface of lung epithelial cells. However, in the lungs of patients with interstitial lung disease, MUC1 is aberrantly expressed in hyperplastic alveolar type II epithelial (ATII) cells and alveolar macrophages (AM), and elevated levels of extracellular MUC1 are found in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and the serum of these patients. While pro-fibrotic effects of extracellular MUC1 have recently been described in cultured fibroblasts, the contribution of MUC1 to the pathobiology of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown...
November 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860411/improved-detection-of-circulating-epithelial-cells-in-patients-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms
#8
Joseph W Franses, Omer Basar, Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Osman Yuksel, Melissa Choz, Anupriya S Kulkarni, Eric Tai, Kevin D Vo, Kshitij S Arora, Niyati Desai, Joseph A Licausi, Mehmet Toner, Shyamala Maheswaran, Daniel A Haber, David P Ryan, William R Brugge, David T Ting
BACKGROUND: Recent work has demonstrated early shedding of circulating epithelial cells (CECs) from premalignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). However, the potential use of CECs as a "liquid biopsy" for patients with IPMNs has been limited by antigen dependence of CEC isolation devices and the lack of robust detection biomarkers across CEC phenotypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilized a negative depletion microfluidic platform to purify CECs from contaminating leukocytes and coupled this platform with immunofluorescence, RNA in situ hybridization, and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) detection and enumeration...
August 31, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830391/colony-stimulating-factor-1-and-leukemia-inhibitor-factor-expression-from-current-cycle-cannula-isolated-endometrial-cells-are-associated-with-increased-endometrial-receptivity-and-pregnancy
#9
Felipe Camargo-Díaz, Valeria García, Azucena Ocampo-Bárcenas, Humberto González-Marquez, Esther López-Bayghen
BACKGROUND: Poor endometrial quality is associated with more than a third of embryo implantation failures. Current ultrasonography technology lacks the capacity to determine efficiently the endometrial receptivity during ongoing cycle transfers. We analyzed the relationship between the gene expression profile associated with implantation and clinical pregnancy from endometrial cells taken during embryo transfer. METHODS: Seventy-six patients submitted to a standard ovarian stimulation protocol, in vitro fertilization, and good quality embryos were collected (morphological assessment)...
August 22, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806747/low-lamin-a-expression-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-from-pleural-effusions-is-a-pejorative-factor-associated-with-high-number-of-metastatic-sites-and-poor-performance-status
#10
Elise Kaspi, Diane Frankel, Julien Guinde, Sophie Perrin, Sophie Laroumagne, Andrée Robaglia-Schlupp, Kevin Ostacolo, Karim Harhouri, Rachid Tazi-Mezalek, Joelle Micallef, Hervé Dutau, Pascale Tomasini, Annachiara De Sandre-Giovannoli, Nicolas Lévy, Pierre Cau, Philippe Astoul, Patrice Roll
The type V intermediate filament lamins are the principal components of the nuclear matrix, including the nuclear lamina. Lamins are divided into A-type and B-type, which are encoded by three genes, LMNA, LMNB1, and LMNB2. The alternative splicing of LMNA produces two major A-type lamins, lamin A and lamin C. Previous studies have suggested that lamins are involved in cancer development and progression. A-type lamins have been proposed as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and/or follow-up. The aim of the present study was to investigate lamins in cancer cells from metastatic pleural effusions using immunofluorescence, western blotting, and flow cytometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783453/development-of-human-salivary-gland-like-tissue-in-vitro
#11
Marc Burghartz, Simon Lennartz, Matthias Schweinlin, Rudolf Hagen, Norbert Kleinsasser, Stephan Hackenberg, Gudrun Steußloff, Agmal Scherzad, Kathrin Radeloff, Christian Ginzkey, Heike Walles, Marco Metzger
The loss of salivary gland function caused by radiation therapy of the head and neck is a serious condition and it affects a patient's quality of life. The current lack of effective therapies demands new options to be explored. This study tested whether human salivary gland epithelial cells (SGECs) could be successfully cultured on a decellularized porcine gut matrix (SIS-muc) in both mono- and coculture with microvascular endothelial cells (mvECs). By performing immunofluorescence imaging, transmission as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and an amylase enzyme assay, it was investigated as to what extent the three-dimensional (3D)-cultured cells could maintain their molecular differentiation and the production of working α-amylase (α-AMY) compared with two-dimensional (2D) culture...
August 4, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775231/prognostic-and-clinicopathological-significance-of-muc-expression-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Hao Lu, Dan Liang, Yun Zhu, Wanlin Xu, Kaihua Zhou, Limin Liu, Shengwen Liu, Wenjun Yang
The prognostic value of mucins expression in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) remains controversial. To address this, a meta-analysis was performed to systematically evaluate prognostic significance of mucins expression in HNC. Electronic and manual searches were performed and a total of 20 studies including 2046 patients were selected for the final analysis. Increased mucins expression was associated with unfavorable overall survival in HNC patients (HR=1.83, 95% CI: 1.43-2.33, p=0.000). Mucins overexpression was also in correlation with more advanced TNM stage (RR=0...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731213/immunomodulatory-properties-of-olea-europaea-leaf-extract-in-intestinal-inflammation
#13
Teresa Vezza, Francesca Algieri, Alba Rodríguez-Nogales, José Garrido-Mesa, M Pilar Utrilla, Nassima Talhaoui, Ana María Gómez-Caravaca, Antonio Segura-Carretero, M Elena Rodríguez-Cabezas, Giovanni Monteleone, Julio Gálvez
SCOPE: Extracts from olive (Olea europaea) leaves are used in Mediterranean traditional medicine as anti-inflammatory agents. They contain antioxidant phenolic compounds, such as oleuropeoside, which could be interesting for the treatment of inflammatory conditions associated with oxidative stress in humans, including inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: The anti-inflammatory effects of olive leaf extract (0.5-25 mg/kg) were studied in two mice models of colitis (DSS and DNBS)...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728358/tropical-plant-supplementation-effects-on-the-performance-and-parasite-burden-of-goats
#14
Juan Jose Romero, Miguel Augusto Zarate, Ibukun M Ogunade, Kathy G Arriola, Adegbola Tolulope Adesogan
Objective: Examine the effects of supplementing bahiagrass hay (BG) with potentially anthelmintic quantities of hays of perennial peanut (PEA) or sericea lespedeza (LES) or seeds of velvet bean (MUC) or papaya (PAP) on the intake and nutritive value (Experiment 1), and the performance and parasite burden (Experiment 2) of goats. Methods: In experiment 1, 38 male goats (27.4 ± 5.7 kg BW) were randomly assigned to each of 5 treatments: 1) BG alone and BG plus 2) PEA; 3) LES; 4) MUC; and 5) PAP...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710001/congenital-lingual-cyst-expression-of-muc-protein-and-report-of-a-new-case
#15
G Martínez-Mata, D Inda-Cunningham, J A Medina-López, R Pacheco-Santiesteban, H Monreal-Romero
Lingual congenital cysts are uncommon lesions that alter the functions of speech, swallowing and breathing when they have considerable dimension. They usually appear from birth and increase in size gradually in childhood and adolescence. While there are a considerable number of case reports, the nomenclature and origin of this lesion are controversial. Congenital lingual cysts are composed of an epithelial lining that can show heterogeneous histological features, such as globed, ciliated, squamous and parietal cells, while the wall presents mature connective tissue and eventually smooth muscle...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709869/protective-effect-of-bacillopeptidase-cfr5-from-bacillus-subtilis-cfr5-on-cerulein-induced-pancreatitis
#16
G R Sharmila, G Venkateswaran
Bacillopeptidase is a serine peptidase, known for its fibrinolytic activity. However, a very little information is known about its in vivo inflammatory and/or anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, to understand whether bacillopeptidase incorporation can regulate pancreatitis or not, the cerulein-induced pancreatitis model was used, and the role of bacillopeptidase on pancreatitis was studied. In this study, 46 kDa protein was purified from Bacillus subtilis and identified as bacillopeptidase CFR5 (BPC) through MS/MS analysis...
September 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706419/intestinal-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-ground-cherry-physalis-angulata-l-standardized-co2-phytopharmaceutical-preparation
#17
Luiz Domingues Almeida Junior, Ana Elisa Valencise Quaglio, Celso Acácio Rodrigues de Almeida Costa, Luiz Claudio Di Stasi
AIM: To investigate the effects of Ground Cherry (Physalis angulata L.) standardized supercritical CO2 extract in trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) model of rat intestinal inflammation. METHODS: The animals were divided into groups that received vehicle or P. angulata extract (PACO2) orally at the doses 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg daily by 5 d before TNBS damage. Protective effects of PACO2 were assessed by macroscopic analysis, biochemical determinations of the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glutathione and cytokines (such as INF-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α), gene expression evaluation (including Hsp70, heparanase, NF-κB, mitogen-activated protein kinases (Mapk) 1, 3, 6 and 9, and the mucins genes Muc 1, 2, 3 and 4) and histopathological studies using optical, and electronic (transmission and scanning) microscopy...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697341/muc-king-with-hif-may-rewire-pyrimidine-biosynthesis-and-curb-gemcitabine-resistance-in-pancreatic-cancer
#18
COMMENT
Chi V Dang
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Singh and colleagues report a role for MUC1-induced HIF expression in rewiring ribose synthesis, which drives pyridimine production as a possible resistance mechanism to gemcitabine, adding to complexity and multiple paths to resistance.
July 10, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693147/pancreatic-intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-with-associated-invasive-cancer-successfully-treated-by-total-pancreatectomy-a-case-report
#19
Yuji Fujimoto, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hiromi Tamura, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Tomono Kawase, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Masashi Yamamoto, Tsutomu Nishida, Shiro Adachi, Keizo Dono
A 74-year-old male was admitted to Departments of Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital (Osaka, Japan) for treatment of a pancreatic tumor. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass with small cystic lesions in the pancreatic head and body. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/CT revealed an abnormal uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose, corresponding to the mass lesions. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed rough mucosa near the opening of the accessory pancreatic duct, and the mucosa biopsy exhibited adenocarcinoma with no mucin observed...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691258/differences-between-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-and-poorly-differentiated-adenocarcinoma-a-comparison-of-histopathologic-features-determined-by-mucin-core-protein-and-trefoil-factor-family-peptide-immunohistochemistry
#20
Ai Fujimoto, Yukio Ishikawa, Toshiharu Ishii, Akihiro Yamada, Yoshinori Igarashi, Yasukazu Ohmoto, Mitsuru Kaise
We investigated differences between the pathological features of gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma (sig) and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (por) by examining the expressions of the trefoil factor family peptides (TFFs) and mucin core proteins (MUCs). Ninety-seven tissues of 97 gastric cancer patients were selected for this study. After gastrectomy, the major histopathologic types were determined to be sig, solid-type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (por1), non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (por2), and well-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma (tub1)...
August 2017: Pathology International
keyword
keyword
37361
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"