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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340552/single-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-or-mini-gastric-bypass-the-experience-with-billroth-ii-must-be-considered-and-is-a-challenge-for-the-next-years
#1
Italo Braghetto, Attila Csendes
INTRODUCTION: Single anastomosis gastric bypass (one anastomosis gastric bypass or mini-gastric bypass) has been presented as an option of surgical treatment for obese patients in order to reduce operation time and avoiding eventual postoperative complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.The main late complication could be related to bile reflux. AIM: To report the experiences published after Billroth II anastomosis and its adverse effects regarding symptoms and damage on the gastric and esophageal mucosa ...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332503/-they-said-on-the-death-certificate%C3%A2-but-really-what-i-think-happened-characterizing-cause-of-death-in-va-medical-centers
#2
Beverly Rosa Williams, F Amos Bailey, Patricia S Goode, Kathryn L Burgio
Cause of death information is a vital resource for family and public health, yet significant issues persist regarding its determination, documentation and communication. In this study, we aim to characterize cause of death attribution process from the perspective of next-of-kin of Veterans who died in Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers. Using a semi-structured guide, we explored next-of-kin's experiences of the Veteran's terminal hospitalization and conducted a content analysis of interview texts. In over two-third of cases next-of-kin's understanding was not consistent with their recollection of physicians' determination of cause of death...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331265/mechanisms-of-memory-disruption-in-depression
#3
REVIEW
Daniel G Dillon, Diego A Pizzagalli
Depressed individuals typically show poor memory for positive events, potentiated memory for negative events, and impaired recollection. These phenomena are clinically important but poorly understood. Compelling links between stress and depression suggest promising candidate mechanisms. Stress can suppress hippocampal neurogenesis, inhibit dopamine neurons, and sensitize the amygdala. We argue that these phenomena may impair pattern separation, disrupt the encoding of positive experiences, and bias retrieval toward negative events, respectively, thus recapitulating core aspects of memory disruption in depression...
January 10, 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325826/myoclonic-absence-seizures-with-complex-gestural-automatisms
#4
Kenneth A Myers, Ingrid E Scheffer
Epilepsy with myoclonic absences is a rare generalized epilepsy syndrome with distinctive seizures. Two unrelated children had mild developmental impairment and onset of myoclonic-absences at 3 and 8 years. Seizures were characterized by bilateral 3 Hz myoclonic jerks superimposed on tonic abduction of the upper limbs. Events lasted 10-60 s, and complex gestural automatisms were often observed; in one case, a boy undid his seatbelt and attempted to exit a moving vehicle. Post-ictally, both children immediately regained awareness without recollection of their actions...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318340/evaluating-protocols-for-porcine-faecal-microbiome-recollection-storage-and-dna-extraction-from-the-farm-to-the-lab
#5
Anixa Muiños-Bühl, Oscar González-Recio, María Muñoz, Cristina Óvilo, Juan García-Casco, Ana I Fernández
There is a growing interest in understanding the role of the gut microbiome on productive and meat quality-related traits in livestock species in order to develop new useful tools for improving pig production systems and industry. Faecal samples are analysed as a proxy of gut microbiota and here the selection of suitable protocols for faecal sampling and DNA isolation is a critical first step in order to obtain reliable results, even more to compare results obtained from different studies. The aim of the current study was to establish in a cost-effective way, using automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis technique, a protocol for porcine faecal sampling and storage at farm and slaughterhouse and to determine the most efficient microbiota DNA isolation kit among those most widely used...
January 9, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305874/an-erp-study-of-multidimensional-source-retrieval-in-depression
#6
Elyssa M Barrick, Daniel G Dillon
We collected event-related potentials (ERPs) from 24 unmedicated adults with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and 24 controls during source memory retrieval. Words were encoded on the left or right during animacy and mobility judgments. Mobility judgments were slower than animacy judgments, suggesting deeper encoding. Participants then recalled the encoding judgment (Question cue) and position (Side cue) for each word. Depressed adults, but not controls, showed better accuracy for words from the mobility task presented under the Question vs...
January 3, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302902/current-topics-regarding-the-function-of-the-medial-temporal-lobe-memory-system
#7
Robert E Clark
The first clear insight that the medial temporal lobe of the human brain was in fact a system of anatomically connected structures that were organized into a memory system came in 1957 from the observations by Brenda Milner of the noted amnesic patient H.M. Subsequent work in humans, monkeys, and rodents has identified all of the components of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) that formed the memory system. Currently, work is ongoing to identify the specific contributions each structure in the medial temporal lobe makes towards the formation and storage of long-term declarative memory...
January 5, 2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295662/use-of-beta-subunit-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-assay-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes
#8
Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Omran, Mohamed A Youssef, Ahmed Abdallah, Ahmed Metwally, Hisham Haggag, Rasha Elkaffas
PURPOSE: The study aimed at assessment of the accuracy of β-hCG test in vaginal washing fluid for diagnosis of prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two groups of pregnant women from 17 to 38 weeks of gestation were recruited. The first group (PROM group) included 50 pregnant women with unequivocal PROM. The other group included 50 pregnant women with intact membranes. Sterile speculum examination was performed. If less than 5 cc was collected or no fluid found, 10 cc sterile saline was sprinkled on the vaginal wall and 5 cc were recollected in a sterile syringe...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294765/victimized-for-being-different-young-adults-with-disabilities-and-peer-victimization-in-middle-and-high-school
#9
Caroline I McNicholas, Pamela Orpinas, Katherine Raczynski
Children who are victims of peer aggression can suffer negative emotional, academic and physical consequences that can last into adulthood. Previous research indicates children with disabilities are victimized up to 4 times as often as children without disabilities. However, their unique needs are often not considered in the design and implementation of prevention interventions. The current study examined the perceived effects of family, peer, and school support among children with disabilities to protect them from or help them cope with peer victimization...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289759/interpretation-bias-in-middle-childhood-attachment-causal-effects-on-attachment-memories-and-scripts
#10
Simon De Winter, Elske Salemink, Guy Bosmans
Attachment theory implies the causal influence of interpretation bias on the attachment-related expectations. Previous research demonstrated that training children to interpret maternal behavior as more supportive increased their trust in maternal support. The current study explored possible training effects on two attachment script-related processes: recollection of attachment-related memories and secure base script knowledge. Children (9-12 years old; N = 84) were assigned to either a secure training condition, training children to interpret mother's behavior as supportive, or a neutral placebo condition, where interpretations about maternal behavior were unrelated to support...
December 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284340/on-the-advantage-of-autobiographical-memory-pliability-implantation-of-positive-self-defining-memories-reduces-trait-anxiety
#11
Veronika V Nourkova, Darya A Vasilenko
This paper is devoted to the mechanism of the positive construction of autobiographical memory. Positive construction consists of the spontaneous transformation of memories in the direction of the subjective enhancement of self-competence in past activities to anticipate improvement over time. We speculated that trait anxiety may indicate a failure to exhibit this mechanism that results in a deficit of affirmative self-esteem. We hypothesised that the implantation of positive self-defining memories in anxiety-evoking domains would decrease trait anxiety...
December 28, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283042/rethinking-the-role-of-the-angular-gyrus-in-remembering-the-past-and-imagining-the-future-the-contextual-integration-model
#12
Siddharth Ramanan, Olivier Piguet, Muireann Irish
Despite consistent activation on tasks of episodic memory, the precise contribution of the left angular gyrus (AG) to mnemonic functions remains vigorously debated. Mounting evidence suggests that AG activity scales with subjective ratings of vividness and confidence in recollection, with further evidence pointing to its involvement during construction of detailed and coherent future simulations. Lesion studies, however, indicate that damage to the AG does not render patients amnesic on standard source and associative memory paradigms...
October 1, 2017: Neuroscientist: a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279640/effect-of-intensive-education-and-training-of-nurses-on-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-and-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-incidence-in-intensive-care-unit-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#13
Neeru Sahni, Manisha Biswal, Komal Gandhi, Kulbeer Kaur, Vikas Saini, Lakshminarayana N Yaddanapudi
Objective: The aim was to analyze the impact of education and training of nurses on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). Patients and Methods: A prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital included adult patients with Intensive Care Unit stay >48 h. The study was done in three phases: in Phase 1, baseline VAP and CLABSI incidence was calculated; in Phase 2, education and training of nurses; and in Phase 3, data were recollected for the incidence of VAP and CLABSI...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276495/verbal-learning-and-memory-in-cannabis-and-alcohol-users-an-event-related-potential-investigation
#14
Janette L Smith, Frances M De Blasio, Jaimi M Iredale, Allison J Matthews, Raimondo Bruno, Michelle Dwyer, Tessa Batt, Allison M Fox, Nadia Solowij, Richard P Mattick
Aims: Long-term heavy use of cannabis and alcohol are known to be associated with memory impairments. In this study, we used event-related potentials to examine verbal learning and memory processing in a commonly used behavioral task. Method: We conducted two studies: first, a small pilot study of adolescent males, comprising 13 Drug-Naive Controls (DNC), 12 heavy drinkers (HD) and 8 cannabis users (CU). Second, a larger study of young adults, comprising 45 DNC (20 female), 39 HD (16 female), and 20 CU (9 female)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274503/human-aging-reduces-the-neurobehavioral-influence-of-motivation-on-episodic-memory
#15
Maiya R Geddes, Aaron T Mattfeld, Carlo de Los Angeles, Anisha Keshavan, John D E Gabrieli
The neural circuitry mediating the influence of motivation on long-term declarative or episodic memory formation is delineated in young adults, but its status is unknown in healthy aging. We examined the effect of reward and punishment anticipation on intentional declarative memory formation for words using an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) monetary incentive encoding task in twenty-one younger and nineteen older adults. At 24-hour memory retrieval testing, younger adults were significantly more likely to remember words associated with motivational cues than neutral cues...
December 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259551/investigating-the-functional-utility-of-the-left-parietal-erp-old-new-effect-brain-activity-predicts-within-but-not-between-participant-variance-in-episodic-recollection
#16
Catherine A MacLeod, David I Donaldson
A success story within neuroimaging has been the discovery of distinct neural correlates of episodic retrieval, providing insight into the processes that support memory for past life events. Here we focus on one commonly reported neural correlate, the left parietal old/new effect, a positive going modulation seen in event-related potential (ERP) data that is widely considered to index episodic recollection. Substantial evidence links changes in the size of the left parietal effect to changes in remembering, but the precise functional utility of the effect remains unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251605/henry-molaison-s-operation-for-epilepsy-a-case-study-in-medical-ethics
#17
Sunil K Pandya
Dr. William Beecher Scoville, an eminent American neurosurgeon of the 1940s, offered to treat Mr Molaison for his intractable epilepsy. During the operation, he removed large portions of both of Mr. Molaison's temporal lobes. Such an operation had never been performed earlier as the function of these parts of the brain was not clearly understood and neurosurgeons such as Dr. Wilder Penfield of Canada feared they could cause grave damage to the patient. Mr. Molaison developed severe loss of memory to the extent that a few minutes after meeting someone, he had no recollection of the meeting and he could not find his way to his own home...
October 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246488/item-and-source-memory-for-emotional-associates-is-mediated-by-different-retrieval-processes
#18
Carlos Ventura-Bort, Florin Dolcos, Julia Wendt, Janine Wirkner, Alfons O Hamm, Mathias Weymar
Recent event-related potential (ERP) data showed that neutral objects encoded in emotional background pictures were better remembered than objects encoded in neutral contexts, when recognition memory was tested one week later. In the present study, we investigated whether this long-term memory advantage for items is also associated with correct memory for contextual source details. Furthermore, we were interested in the possibly dissociable contribution of familiarity and recollection processes (using a Remember/Know procedure)...
December 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243518/synaesthesia-is-linked-to-more-vivid-and-detailed-content-of-autobiographical-memories-and-less-fading-of-childhood-memories
#19
Taylor Chin, Jamie Ward
People with synaesthesia have enhanced memory on a wide range of laboratory tests of episodic memory, but very little is known about their real-world memory. This study used a standard measure of autobiographical remembering (the Autobiographical Memory Questionnaire, AMQ) considering four constructs (Recollection, Belief, Impact and Rehearsal) and two time periods (recent memories from adulthood, remote memories from childhood). Synaesthetes reported more Recollection (e.g., sensory detail) and Belief (e.g...
December 15, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236758/distinctive-collembola-communities-in-the-mesovoid-shallow-substratum-first-data-for-the-sierra-de-guadarrama-national-park-central-spain-and-a-description-of-two-new-species-of-orchesella-entomobryidae
#20
Enrique Baquero, Enrique Ledesma, José D Gilgado, Vicente M Ortuño, Rafael Jordana
Two new species of the genus Orchesella Templeton, 1836 have been identified following intensive sampling in the Colluvial Milieu Souterrain Superficiel (Mesovoid Shallow Substratum, or MSS) of the Sierra de Guadarrama using Subterranean Sampling Devices (SSD). The data were obtained from the first extraction of the traps between May and October of 2015. During a study of the Collembola taxon, 32 different genera (61 species) were identified. The highest representative genus presence in almost all traps was Orchesella, with two new species...
2017: PloS One
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