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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641958/-an-earlier-diagnosis-of-depression
#1
D M Campagne
Data of the last decade indicate that, in the Western world and also in Spain, an important part of general practicioners' consultations are related to mental health, but depression is consistently underdiagnosed. Causes are lack of time and back-up, as well as lack of specific training. In Spain, there is no national health service primary care database with actualized clinical information as to mental health. There is evident clinical interest in a more agile diagnostic, resulting from a recollection of data from voluntary selective screening and continuing evaluation of adult depression along the model used by other National Health Systems...
June 19, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624521/semanticized-autobiographical-memory-and-the-default-executive-coupling-hypothesis-of-aging
#2
R Nathan Spreng, Amber W Lockrow, Elizabeth DuPre, Roni Setton, Karen A P Spreng, Gary R Turner
As we age, the architecture of cognition undergoes a fundamental transition. Fluid intellectual abilities decline while crystalized abilities remain stable or increase. This shift has a profound impact across myriad cognitive and functional domains, yet the neural mechanisms remain under-specified. We have proposed that greater connectivity between the default network and executive control regions in lateral prefrontal cortex may underlie this shift, as older adults increasingly rely upon accumulated knowledge to support goal-directed behavior...
June 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620933/recollections-of-former-editors-of-clinical-and-experimental-optometry
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620077/the-influence-of-recollection-and-familiarity-in-the-formation-and-updating-of-associative-representations
#4
Jason D Ozubko, Morris Moscovitch, Gordon Winocur
Prior representations affect future learning. Little is known, however, about the effects of recollective or familiarity-based representations on such learning. We investigate the ability to reuse or reassociate elements from recollection- and familiarity-based associations to form new associations. Past neuropsychological research suggests that hippocampal, and presumably recollective, representations are more flexible than extra-hippocampal, presumably familiarity-based, representations. We therefore hypothesize that the elements of recollective associations, as opposed to familiarity-based representations, may be more easily manipulated and decoupled from each other, and facilitate the formation of new associations...
July 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617215/theoretical-and-applied-issues-regarding-autobiographical-belief-and-recollection
#5
Henry Otgaar, Alan Scoboria, Giuliana Mazzoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615475/infantile-amnesia-a-critical-period-of-learning-to-learn-and-remember
#6
Cristina M Alberini, Alessio Travaglia
Infantile amnesia, the inability of adults to recollect early episodic memories, is associated with the rapid forgetting that occurs in childhood. It has been suggested that infantile amnesia is due to the underdevelopment of the infant brain, which would preclude memory consolidation, or to deficits in memory retrieval. Although early memories are inaccessible to adults, early-life events, such as neglect or aversive experiences, can greatly impact adult behavior and may predispose individuals to various psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611722/commentary-stimulation-of-the-posterior-cortical-hippocampal-network-enhances-precision-of-memory-recollection
#7
COMMENT
Ting Liu, Mingchen Fu, Tifei Yuan, Dong-Wu Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583607/birth-of-healthy-calves-after-intra-follicular-transfer-ifot-of-slaughterhouse-derived-immature-bovine-oocytes
#8
Hoelker Michael, Kassens Ana, Salilew-Wondim Dessie, Sieme Harald, Wrenzycki Christine, Tesfaye Dawit, Neuhoff Christiane, Schellander Karl, Held-Hoelker Eva
To circumvent the negative impacts of in vitro culture on bovine embryos, we have recently established a new method, the so called intra-follicular oocyte transfer (IFOT), enabling in vivo fertilization and in vivo development of in vitro matured oocytes up to the blastocyst stage as well as to term. In this study, we raised the question whether immature bovine oocytes could also be transferred into a pre-ovulatory follicle to support in vivo maturation prior to subsequent in vivo fertilization, in vivo development as well as to term...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583186/assessment-of-dog-owner-adherence-to-veterinarians-flea-and-tick-prevention-recommendations-in-the-united-states-using-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Robert P Lavan, Kaan Tunceli, Dongmu Zhang, Dorothy Normile, Rob Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a prescribed therapeutic regimen is a critical factor for achieving medication effectiveness and therefore treatment success. In the case of companion animal ectoparasite control, suboptimal owner adherence to medication recommendations is thought to be a common cause of treatment failure, and previous reports have found pet owners applying an average of 4.0-4.6 monthly flea and tick treatments per year to their dogs. This study investigated: US veterinary hospital self-reported flea and tick prevention recommendations; dog owner recollection of these recommendations; dog owner opinion on flea/tick recommendations and estimated owner flea and tick medication adherence based on veterinary hospital purchase records...
June 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575764/gaze-matters-the-effect-of-gaze-direction-on-emotional-enhancement-of-memory-for-faces-in-patients-with-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#10
Łukasz Okruszek, Aleksandra Bala, Marcela Dziekan, Marta Szantroch, Andrzej Rysz, Andrzej Marchel, Sylwia Hyniewska
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine if gaze and emotional expression, both highly self-relevant social signals, affect the recollection accuracy of perceived faces in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS: Forty patients with MTLE (twenty-one without surgery and nineteen after anterior temporal lobectomy) as well as twenty healthy controls (HC) took part in the study. We used a set of 64 facial stimuli: 32 neutral and 32 emotional displays (16 fearful; 16 angry) from well-established affective stimuli databases...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573830/the-psychophysiological-effects-of-oxytocin-on-parent-child-interactions-a-literature-review-oxytocin-and-parent-child-interactions
#11
REVIEW
Monika Szymanska, Marie Schneider, Carmela Chateau-Smith, Sylvie Nezelof, Lauriane Vulliez-Coady
Oxytocin (OT), often called the "hormone of love" or "hormone of attachment", plays a fundamental role in the establishment and quality of parent-infant bonding. However, emerging evidence indicates that OT can also produce antisocial behavior. To clarify these effects, we review studies examining the role of endogenous and exogenous OT on several determinants of attachment: parental sensitivity, and bonding or synchrony in parent-child dyads. Contextual and individual factors moderating the effect of intranasal OT (INOT) and its peripheral levels are also reviewed...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572779/differences-in-cortisol-response-to-trauma-activation-in-individuals-with-and-without-comorbid-ptsd-and-depression
#12
Sharon Dekel, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Jeffrey B Rosen, George A Bonanno
Background: Although depression symptoms are often experienced by individuals who develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure, little is know about the biological correlates associated with PTSD and depression co-morbidity vs. those associated with PTSD symptoms alone. Methods: Here we examined salivary cortisol responses to trauma activation in a sample of 60 survivors of the World Trade Center attacks on September 11, 2001. Participants recalled the escape from the attacks 7 months post 9/11...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570691/memory-for-faces-and-voices-varies-as-a-function-of-sex-and-expressed-emotion
#13
Diana S Cortes, Petri Laukka, Christina Lindahl, Håkan Fischer
We investigated how memory for faces and voices (presented separately and in combination) varies as a function of sex and emotional expression (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and neutral). At encoding, participants judged the expressed emotion of items in forced-choice tasks, followed by incidental Remember/Know recognition tasks. Results from 600 participants showed that accuracy (hits minus false alarms) was consistently higher for neutral compared to emotional items, whereas accuracy for specific emotions varied across the presentation modalities (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558307/electrophysiological-signals-associated-with-fluency-of-different-levels-of-processing-reveal-multiple-contributions-to-recognition-memory
#14
Bingbing Li, Jason R Taylor, Wei Wang, Chuanji Gao, Chunyan Guo
Processing fluency appears to influence recognition memory judgements, and the manipulation of fluency, if misattributed to an effect of prior exposure, can result in illusory memory. Although it is well established that fluency induced by masked repetition priming leads to increased familiarity, manipulations of conceptual fluency have produced conflicting results, variously affecting familiarity or recollection. Some recent studies have found that masked conceptual priming increases correct recollection (Taylor & Henson, 2012), and the magnitude of this behavioural effect correlates with analogous fMRI BOLD priming effects in brain regions associated with recollection (Taylor, Buratto, & Henson, 2013)...
May 27, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552619/differentiation-of-subsequent-memory-effects-between-retrieval-practice-and-elaborative-study
#15
Yi Liu, Timm Rosburg, Chuanji Gao, Christine Weber, Chunyan Guo
Retrieval practice enhances memory retention more than re-studying. The underlying mechanisms of this retrieval practice effect have remained widely unclear. According to the elaborative retrieval hypothesis, activation of elaborative information occurs to a larger extent during testing than re-studying. In contrast, the episodic context account has suggested that recollecting prior episodic information (especially the temporal context) contributes to memory retention. To adjudicate the distinction between these two accounts, the present study used the classical retrieval practice effect paradigm to compare retrieval practice and elaborative study...
May 24, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551411/relations-among-adults-remembrances-of-parental-acceptance-rejection-in-childhood-self-reported-psychological-adjustment-and-adult-psychopathology
#16
Ebru Akün
AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine relationships among recollections of maternal and paternal acceptance-rejection in childhood and the level of psychological adjustment among adults diagnosed with schizophrenia, social anxiety, and nonclinical control. The study focused primarily on adults with schizophrenia and social anxiety in comparison to nonclinical adults. METHODS: Fifty-three adults diagnosed with schizophrenia, 51 adults with self-reported social anxiety, and 147 nonclinical controls between the ages of 18 and 62 participated in the study...
May 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539958/cognitive-impairment-and-psychological-distress-at-discharge-from-intensive-care-unit
#17
Chi Ryang Chung, Hye Jin Yoo, Jinkyeong Park, Seunghyong Ryu
This study aimed to investigate cognitive impairment and psychological distress of critically ill patients at discharge from intensive care unit (ICU). This study included 30 critically ill patients who had neither pre-existing dementia nor ongoing delirium. At ICU discharge, they performed a screening test for cognitive impairment (Mini-Cog test) and completed questionnaires for depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2, PHQ-2) and for 4 stressful experiences during ICU stay including nightmares, severe anxiety or panic, severe pain, and trouble to breathe or feeling of suffocation (Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Question Inventory, PTSS-14 Part A)...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536837/controlled-sedation-with-midazolam-and-analgesia-with-nalbuphine-to-alleviate-pain-in-patients-undergoing-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation
#18
Michaël Peyrol, Jérémie Barraud, Jennifer Cautela, Baptiste Maille, Marc Laine, Laurent Bonello, Franck Thuny, Franck Paganelli, Frédéric Franceschi, Linda Koutbi, Samuel Levy
PURPOSE: Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) is an alternative to transvenous ICD to prevent sudden cardiac death. Subcutaneous ICD implantation frequently requires general anesthesia because of procedure nociceptive steps during creation of a large device pocket and lead tunneling. This study aims to determine if a strategy of operator-guided controlled sedation with midazolam and analgesia with nalbuphine is effective in alleviating pain during S-ICD implantation...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530344/-suppression-of-a-non-trauma-related-threatening-thought-as-an-avoidance-strategy-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-patients
#19
Lilach Abramsky-Arazi, Zeev Kaplan, Hagit Cohen
AIMS: Our goal was to examine how suppression of nontrauma- related thoughts differs between PTSD patients and patients with non-PTSD anxiety disorder compared to a group of matched controls. BACKGROUND: Intrusive recollections of aspects of the traumatic event and its sequelae are at the core of the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People who have suffered a traumatic event may implement some form of avoidance coping strategies in order to deal with the unwanted memories that accompany them...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499557/the-effect-of-focal-cortical-frontal-and-posterior-lesions-on-recollection-and-familiarity-in-recognition-memory
#20
Vessela Stamenova, Fuqiang Gao, Sandra E Black, Michael L Schwartz, Natasha Kovacevic, Michael P Alexander, Brian Levine
Recognition memory can be subdivided into two processes: recollection (a contextually rich memory) and familiarity (a sense that an item is old). The brain network supporting recognition encompasses frontal, parietal and medial temporal regions. Which specific regions within the frontal lobe are critical for recollection vs. familiarity, however, are unknown; past studies of focal lesion patients have yielded conflicting results. We examined patients with focal lesions confined to medial polar (MP), right dorsal frontal (RDF), right frontotemporal (RFT), left dorsal frontal (LDF), temporal, and parietal regions and matched controls...
April 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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