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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933974/the-influence-of-unilateral-oophorectomy-on-the-age-of-menopause
#1
M Rosendahl, M K Simonsen, J J Kjer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of menopause after premenopausal unilateral oophorectomy (UO) and to establish whether UO at a young age leads to menopause at a younger age than if UO occurs at an older age. METHODS: A cohort of 28 731 women, of whom 17 781 (62%) were menopausal, was investigated. Information on menopause was obtained from self-reported questionnaires. Surgical data were obtained from the National Patient Register to avoid recollection bias...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928341/the-pursuit-of-healthier-communities-through-a-community-health-medical-education-program
#2
Francisco Lamus-Lemus, Camilo Correal-Muñoz, Erwin Hernandez-Rincon, Natalia Serrano-Espinosa, Clara Jaimes-deTriviño, Diana Diaz-Quijano, Juan Gabriel García-Manrique
BACKGROUND: Distinct periods in the community health undergraduate medical program at the University of La Sabana (Colombia) were identified in its evolution from 1999 to 2013. We describe each period and explain the succesion of changes toward improvement. METHODS: An ordered review of the community health program was constructed based on the retrospective recollection, classification, and analysis of information from document archives and interviews with participants...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922834/how-we-transmit-memories-to-other-brains-constructing-shared-neural-representations-via-communication
#3
A Zadbood, J Chen, Y C Leong, K A Norman, U Hasson
Humans are able to mentally construct an episode when listening to another person's recollection, even though they themselves did not experience the events. However, it is unknown how strongly the neural patterns elicited by mental construction resemble those found in the brain of the individual who experienced the original events. Using fMRI and a verbal communication task, we traced how neural patterns associated with viewing specific scenes in a movie are encoded, recalled, and then transferred to a group of naïve listeners...
October 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915911/timing-rather-than-user-traits-mediates-mood-sampling-on-smartphones
#4
Beryl Noë, Liam D Turner, David E J Linden, Stuart M Allen, Gregory R Maio, Roger M Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Recent years have seen an increasing number of studies using smartphones to sample participants' mood states. Moods are usually collected by asking participants for their current mood or for a recollection of their mood states over a specific period of time. The current study investigates the reasons to favour collecting mood through current or daily mood surveys and outlines design recommendations for mood sampling using smartphones based on these findings. These recommendations are also relevant to more general smartphone sampling procedures...
September 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900411/can-we-retrieve-the-information-which-was-intentionally-forgotten-electrophysiological-correlates-of-strategic-retrieval-in-directed-forgetting
#5
Xinrui Mao, Mengxi Tian, Yi Liu, Bingcan Li, Yan Jin, Yanhong Wu, Chunyan Guo
Retrieval inhibition hypothesis of directed forgetting effects assumed TBF (to-be-forgotten) items were not retrieved intentionally, while selective rehearsal hypothesis assumed the memory representation of retrieved TBF (to-be-forgotten) items was weaker than TBR (to-be-remembered) items. Previous studies indicated that directed forgetting effects of item-cueing method resulted from selective rehearsal at encoding, but the mechanism of retrieval inhibition that affected directed forgetting of TBF (to-be-forgotten) items was not clear...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899584/evaluating-the-past-to-improve-the-future-a-qualitative-study-of-icu-patients-experiences
#6
Kristin Dahle Olsen, Marit Nester, Britt Sætre Hansen
BACKGROUND: The recovery period for patients who have been in an intensive care unitis often prolonged and suboptimal. Anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are common psychological problems. Intensive care staff offer various types of intensive aftercare. Intensive care follow-up aftercare services are not standard clinical practice in Norway. OBJECTIVE: The overall aim of this study is to investigate how adult patients experience theirintensive care stay their recovery period, and the usefulness of an information pamphlet...
September 9, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893331/diminished-medial-prefrontal-cortex-activation-during-the-recollection-of-stressful-events-is-an-acquired-characteristic-of-ptsd
#7
M K Dahlgren, L M Laifer, M B VanElzakker, R Offringa, K C Hughes, L K Staples-Bradley, S J Dubois, N B Lasko, C A Hinojosa, S P Orr, R K Pitman, L M Shin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown relatively diminished medial prefrontal cortex activation and heightened psychophysiological responses during the recollection of personal events in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the origin of these abnormalities is unknown. Twin studies provide the opportunity to determine whether such abnormalities reflect familial vulnerabilities, result from trauma exposure, or are acquired characteristics of PTSD. METHODS: In this case-control twin study, 26 male identical twin pairs (12 PTSD; 14 non-PTSD) discordant for PTSD and combat exposure recalled and imagined trauma-unrelated stressful and neutral life events using a standard script-driven imagery paradigm during functional magnetic resonance imaging and concurrent skin conductance measurement...
September 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893150/poor-metacognitive-awareness-of-belief-change
#8
Michael B Wolfe, Todd J Williams
When people change beliefs as a result of reading a text, are they aware of these changes? This question was examined for beliefs about spanking as an effective means of discipline. In two experiments, subjects reported beliefs about spanking effectiveness during a prescreening session. In a subsequent experimental session, subjects read a one-sided text that advocated a belief consistent or inconsistent position on the topic. After reading, subjects reported their current beliefs and attempted to recollect their initial beliefs...
September 12, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890691/predicting-intentions-of-a-familiar-significant-other-beyond-the-mirror-neuron-system
#9
Stephanie Cacioppo, Elsa Juan, George Monteleone
Inferring intentions of others is one of the most intriguing issues in interpersonal interaction. Theories of embodied cognition and simulation suggest that this mechanism takes place through a direct and automatic matching process that occurs between an observed action and past actions. This process occurs via the reactivation of past self-related sensorimotor experiences within the inferior frontoparietal network (including the mirror neuron system, MNS). The working model is that the anticipatory representations of others' behaviors require internal predictive models of actions formed from pre-established, shared representations between the observer and the actor...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889063/controlled-and-implicit-processes-in-evaluative-conditioning-on-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes-toward-alcohol-and-intentions-to-drink
#10
Oulmann Zerhouni, Laurent Bègue, Francisco Comiran, Reinout W Wiers
Since implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluations occurring outside of complete awareness) are highly predictive of alcohol consumption, we tested an evaluative learning procedure based on repeated pairing to a critical stimulus (i.e. alcohol, the CS) with a valenced stimulus (the US) in order to modify implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluative conditioning; EC). We hypothesized that manipulating the learning context to bolster implicit affect misattribution should strengthen EC effects on implicit attitudes toward alcohol, while encouraging deliberate processing of CS-US pairs, should strengthen EC effects on explicit attitudes...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886407/preparing-for-what-might-happen-an-episodic-specificity-induction-impacts-the-generation-of-alternative-future-events
#11
Helen G Jing, Kevin P Madore, Daniel L Schacter
A critical adaptive feature of future thinking involves the ability to generate alternative versions of possible future events. However, little is known about the nature of the processes that support this ability. Here we examined whether an episodic specificity induction - brief training in recollecting details of a recent experience that selectively impacts tasks that draw on episodic retrieval - (1) boosts alternative event generation and (2) changes one's initial perceptions of negative future events. In Experiment 1, an episodic specificity induction significantly increased the number of alternative positive outcomes that participants generated to a series of standardized negative events, compared with a control induction not focused on episodic specificity...
September 5, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886375/barbara-mcclintock-s-final-years-as-nobelist-and-mentor-a-memoir
#12
Paul Chomet, Rob Martienssen
September 2, 2017, marks the 25(th) year after the passing of Dr. Barbara McClintock, geneticist and recipient of the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of transposable elements in maize. This memoir focuses on the last years of her life-after the prize-and includes personal recollections of how she mentored young scientists and inspired the age of genetics, epigenetics, and genomics.
September 7, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875019/protein-crystallography-and-drug-discovery-recollections-of-knowledge-exchange-between-academia-and-industry
#13
REVIEW
Tom L Blundell
The development of structure-guided drug discovery is a story of knowledge exchange where new ideas originate from all parts of the research ecosystem. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin obtained insulin from Boots Pure Drug Company in the 1930s and insulin crystallization was optimized in the company Novo in the 1950s, allowing the structure to be determined at Oxford University. The structure of renin was developed in academia, on this occasion in London, in response to a need to develop antihypertensives in pharma...
July 1, 2017: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872042/retrieval-of-memories-with-the-help-of-music-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Priscilia Chevreau, Ingrid Nizard, Philippe Allain
This study focuses on music as a mediator facilitating access to autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Studies on this topic are rare, but available data have shown a beneficial effect of music on autobiographical performance in AD patients. Based on the "index word" method, we developed the "index music" method for the evaluation of autobiographical memory. The subjects had to tell a memory of their choice from the words or music presented to them. The task was proposed to 54 patients with diagnosis of AD according to DSM IV and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria...
September 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868096/are-there-special-mechanisms-of-involuntary-memory
#15
Christopher Mole
Following the precedent set by Dorthe Berntsen's 2009 book, Involuntary Autobiographical Memory, this paper asks whether the mechanisms responsible for involuntarily recollected memories are distinct from those that are responsible for voluntarily recollected ones. Berntsen conjectures that these mechanisms are largely the same. Recent work has been thought to show that this is mistaken, but the argument from the recent results to the rejection of Berntsen's position is problematic, partly because it depends on a philosophically contentious view of voluntariness...
2017: Review of Philosophy and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859551/fractionating-controlled-memory-processes-and-recall-of-context-in-recognition-memory-a-case-report
#16
Kata Pauly-Takacs, Chris J A Moulin
Recollection has been described as both a recognition memory judgment requiring cognitive control and the ability to retrieve contextual information about a prior occurrence. At the core of this article is the question whether or not these two subcomponents of recollection are dissociable in amnesia. In three experiments, we explored the influence of exclusion task instructions on performance in a single case (CJ), with the view to understand the relative contributions of control and source memory to recognition memory decisions...
September 1, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845441/temporal-and-spatial-context-in-the-mind-and-brain
#17
Marc W Howard
Theories of episodic memory have long hypothesized that recollection of a specific instance from one's life is mediated by recovery of a neural state of spatiotemporal context. This paper reviews recent theoretical advances in formal models of spatiotemporal context and a growing body of neurophysiological evidence from human imaging studies and animal work that neural populations in the hippocampus and other brain regions support a representation of spatiotemporal context.
October 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843666/ca1-inactivation-impairs-episodic-like-memory-in-rats
#18
Davi Carvalho Drieskens, Lívia Rodrigues Neves, Karen Cristina Pugliane, Ingrid Brasilino Montenegro Bento de Souza, Álvaro da Costa Lima, Mirian Graciela da Silva Stiebbe Salvadori, Alessandra Mussi Ribeiro, Regina Helena Silva, Flávio Freitas Barbosa
Episodic memory was initially believed to be unique to humans. However, studies demonstrate that nonhuman species discriminate items based on the triad what, where and when. Here we addressed the role of the dorsal hippocampal subfield CA1 in an integrative what-where-when task in Wistar rats. We performed bilateral inactivation of dorsal CA1 with the GABAA agonist muscimol previously to the task. As expected, sham-operated animals recollected an integrative memory for objects (what), their places (where) and temporal order (when)...
August 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837019/medial-thalamic-stroke-and-its-impact-on-familiarity-and-recollection
#19
Lola Danet, Jérémie Pariente, Pierre Eustache, Nicolas Raposo, Igor Sibon, Jean-François Albucher, Fabrice Bonneville, Patrice Péran, Emmanuel J Barbeau
Models of recognition memory have postulated that the mammillo-thalamic tract (MTT)/anterior thalamic nucleus (AN) complex would be critical for recollection while the Mediodorsal nucleus (MD) of the thalamus would support familiarity and indirectly also be involved in recollection (Aggleton et al., 2011). 12 patients with left thalamic stroke underwent a neuropsychological assessment, three verbal recognition memory tasks assessing familiarity and recollection each using different procedures and a high-resolution structural MRI...
August 24, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830307/age-and-performance-related-differences-in-encoding-during-early-childhood-insights-from-event-related-potentials
#20
Fengji Geng, Kelsey Canada, Tracy Riggins
Previous studies have found that children show rapid and significant improvements in their ability to remember individual items and the contextual details that surround these items (i.e., episodic memory) during early childhood. Encoding processes have been suggested to contribute to the development of episodic memory; however, few studies have investigated encoding processes. The goal of the current study was to examine age- and performance-related effects on encoding in children between 4 and 8 years of age using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
August 22, 2017: Memory
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