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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222084/african-american-women-s-recollected-experiences-of-adherence-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#1
Sue P Heiney, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Tisha M Felder, Kenneth W Phelps, Jada C Quinn
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore African American women's recollected experiences of breast cancer treatment.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative description and narrative analysis.
. SETTING: South Carolina Oncology Associates, an outpatient oncology clinic serving rural and urban populations.
. PARTICIPANTS: 16 African American women with breast cancer previously enrolled in the control arm (n = 93) of a completed randomized, controlled trial...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219653/the-neurocognitive-basis-of-borrowed-context-information
#2
Meagan O'Neill, Rachel A Diana
Falsely remembered items can be accompanied by episodic context retrieval. This finding is difficult to explain because there is no episode that binds the remembered item to the experimenter-controlled context features. The current study examines the neural correlates of false context retrieval when the context features can be traced to encoding episodes of semantically-similar items. Our neuroimaging results support a "dissociated source" mechanism for context borrowing in false memory. We found that parahippocampal cortex (PHc) activation, thought to indicate context retrieval, was greater during trials that involved context borrowing (an incorrect, but plausible source decision) than during baseline correct context retrieval...
January 30, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207411/reporting-altered-test-results-in-hemolyzed-samples-is-the-cure-worse-than-the-disease
#3
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Mario Plebani
The management of laboratory data in unsuitable (hemolyzed) samples remains an almost unresolved dilemma. Whether or not laboratory test results obtained by measuring unsuitable specimens should be made available to the clinicians has been the matter of fierce debates over the past decades. Recently, an intriguing alternative to suppressing test results and recollecting the specimen has been put forward, entailing the definition and implementation of specific algorithms that would finally allow reporting a preanalytically altered laboratory value within a specific comment about its uncertainty of measurement...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206782/process-dissociation-analyses-of-memory-changes-in-healthy-aging-preclinical-and-very-mild-alzheimer-disease-evidence-for-isolated-recollection-deficits
#4
Peter R Millar, David A Balota, Geoffrey B Maddox, Janet M Duchek, Andrew J Aschenbrenner, Anne M Fagan, Tammie L S Benzinger, John C Morris
OBJECTIVE: Recollection and familiarity are independent processes that contribute to memory performance. Recollection is dependent on attentional control, which has been shown to be disrupted in early stage Alzheimer's disease (AD), whereas familiarity is independent of attention. The present longitudinal study examines the sensitivity of recollection estimates based on Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure to AD-related biomarkers in a large sample of well-characterized cognitively normal middle-aged and older adults (N = 519) and the extent to which recollection discriminates these individuals from individuals with very mild symptomatic AD (N = 64)...
February 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203512/unusual-volar-pulp-location-of-glomus-tumor
#5
Ian A Rosner, Anne E Argenta, Kia M Washington
Glomus tumors are benign, painful growths originating from glomus bodies and comprise just 1% of tumors arising in the hand, with fewer than 10% in the volar pulp of digits. Hallmark symptoms of glomus tumors include hypersensitivity to cold, heightened pinprick sensitivity, and paroxysmal pain. We report a 72-year-old, right-hand dominant man who presented with pain in the left middle finger, localized to the tip. The fingertip was incredibly sensitive to touch, and his pain increased at night. He reported no recollection of trauma...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202718/incidental-context-information-increases-recollection
#6
Kamar E Ameen-Ali, Liam J Norman, Madeline J Eacott, Alexander Easton
The current study describes a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) task for human participants based on the spontaneous recognition memory paradigms typically used with rodents. Recollection was significantly higher when an object was in the same location and background as at encoding, a combination used to assess episodic-like memory in animals, but not when only one of these task-irrelevant cues was present. The results show that incidentally encoded cue information can determine the degree of recollection, and opens up the possibility of assessing recollection across species in a single experimental paradigm, allowing better understanding of the cognitive and biological mechanisms at play...
March 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202714/recollection-dependent-memory-for-event-duration-in-large-scale-spatial-navigation
#7
Iva K Brunec, Jason D Ozubko, Morgan D Barense, Morris Moscovitch
Time and space represent two key aspects of episodic memories, forming the spatiotemporal context of events in a sequence. Little is known, however, about how temporal information, such as the duration and the order of particular events, are encoded into memory, and if it matters whether the memory representation is based on recollection or familiarity. To investigate this issue, we used a real world virtual reality navigation paradigm where periods of navigation were interspersed with pauses of different durations...
March 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197997/children-s-use-of-memory-editing-strategies-to-reject-source-misinformation
#8
Kara N Moore, James M Lampinen, David A Gallo, Eryn J Adams, Ana J Bridges
This is the first reported study of children's use of two metacognitive strategies, recollection rejection and diagnostic monitoring, to reject misinformation. Recollection rejection involves the retrieval of details that disqualify an event, whereas diagnostic monitoring involves the failure to retrieve expected details. First (n = 56, age 7 years) and third graders (n = 52, age 9 years) witnessed a staged classroom interaction involving common and bizarre accidents, were presented with misinformation about the source of these events, and took a memory test...
February 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191601/the-maxillary-artery-and-its-variants-an-anatomical-study-with-neurosurgical-applications
#9
Jorge E Alvernia, Joaquin Hidalgo, Marc P Sindou, Chad Washington, Gustavo Luzardo, Eddie Perkins, Remi Nader, Patrick Mertens
BACKGROUND: The maxillary artery (MA) has gained attention in neurosurgery particularly in cerebral revascularization techniques, intracranial endonasal approaches and endovascular procedures. OBJECTIVES: To describe and illustrate the anatomy of the MA and its neurosurgical importance in a detailed manner. METHODS: Six cadaveric heads (12 MAs) were injected with latex. The arteries and surrounding structures were dissected and studied using microsurgical techniques...
February 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187906/narrating-health-and-scarcity-guyanese-healthcare-workers-development-reformers-and-sacrifice-as-solution-from-socialist-to-neoliberal-governance
#10
Alexis Walker
In oral history interviews, Guyanese healthcare workers emphasize continuity in public health governance throughout the late twentieth century, despite major shifts in broader systems of governance during this period. I argue that these healthcare workers' recollections reflect long-term scarcities and the discourses through which both socialist politicians and neoliberal reformers have narrated them. I highlight the striking similarities in discourses of responsibility and efficiency advanced by socialist politicians in 1970s Guyana and by World Bank representatives designing the country's market transition in the late 1980s, and the ways these discourses have played out in Guyana's health system...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186466/mental-hospital-life-in-the-50s
#11
Leslie Bartlet
The recollections of a retired psychiatrist concerning his time as a house doctor in a 1952 Scottish mental hospital. These pertain to early days of the National Health Service. He describes the routines and practices of those times, and he refers to some of his reactions to his experiences.
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182858/effect-of-exercise-induced-dehydration-on-circulatory-markers-of-oxidative-damage-and-antioxidant-capacity
#12
Vincent P Georgescu, Tacito P Souza-Junior, Christian Behrens, Marcelo P Barros, Carlos Alves Bueno, Alan C Utter, Lisa S McAnulty, Steven R McAnulty
Dehydration is a common event associated with exercise. However, few studies have examined the effects of dehydration on plasma redox status in humans. Eighty-two athletes were recruited and had Baseline anthropometrics and blood samples obtained. Athletes then engaged in a dehydration protocol, training until 3% of pre-weight body mass was lost. Athletes returned to the lab and had Post-dehydration blood collected. Athletes then consumed an isotonic drink until pre-exercise body weight was reestablished. Blood was then recollected (1-h post-full rehydration (PFR))...
February 9, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182346/correction-equation-for-estimation-of-actual-potassium-concentration-in-hemolyzed-specimen
#13
Tae Sic Lee, Juwon Kim, Young Uh, Yon Chul Park, Gil Sung Yoo, Kap Jun Yoon
BACKGROUND: A spuriously elevated serum potassium value could possibly cause medical decision errors because it leads to masked hypokalemia or pseudohyperkalemia. The aim of this study was to develop a correction equation for falsely elevated potassium level caused by hemolysis. METHODS: A total of 988 samples with a hemolysis index (HI) value greater than the potassium alert HI value were recollected within two hours from initial collection. We divided 988 paired samples into 3 groups: hypokalemia, normal, and hyperkalemia...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181091/neuro-emotional-technique-effects-on-brain-physiology-in-cancer-patients-with-traumatic-stress-symptoms-preliminary-findings
#14
Daniel A Monti, Anna Tobia, Marie Stoner, Nancy Wintering, Michael Matthews, Xiao-Song He, Gaelle Doucet, Inna Chervoneva, Joseph I Tracy, Andrew B Newberg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the neurophysiological and clinical effects that may result from the neuro emotional technique (NET) in patients with traumatic stress symptoms associated with a cancer-related event. We hypothesized that self-regulatory processing of traumatic memories would be observable as physiological changes in key brain areas after undergoing the NET intervention and that these changes would be associated with improvement of traumatic stress symptoms...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179554/are-there-multiple-kinds-of-episodic-memory-an-fmri-investigation-comparing-autobiographical-and-recognition-memory-tasks
#15
Hung-Yu Chen, Adrian W Gilmore, Steven M Nelson, Kathleen B McDermott
What brain regions underlie retrieval from episodic memory? The bulk of research addressing this question with fMRI has relied upon recognition memory for materials encoded within the laboratory. Another, less dominant tradition has employed autobiographical methods, whereby people recall events from their lifetime, often after being cued with words or pictures. The current study addressed how the neural substrates of successful memory retrieval differ as a function of the targeted memory when the experimental parameters were held constant in the two conditions (except for instructions)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176293/mechanisms-of-eyewitness-suggestibility-tests-of-the-explanatory-role-hypothesis
#16
Eric J Rindal, Quin M Chrobak, Maria S Zaragoza, Caitlin A Weihing
In a recent paper, Chrobak and Zaragoza (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(3), 827-844, 2013) proposed the explanatory role hypothesis, which posits that the likelihood of developing false memories for post-event suggestions is a function of the explanatory function the suggestion serves. In support of this hypothesis, they provided evidence that participant-witnesses were especially likely to develop false memories for their forced fabrications when their fabrications helped to explain outcomes they had witnessed...
February 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165759/recalling-support-provision-decreases-distress-and-anger-in-response-to-partner-suffering
#17
Joan K Monin, Annie Xu, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Frank Buurman, Catherine Riffin
OBJECTIVES: Thinking about a loved one's suffering can be emotionally stressful and have negative effects on a person's psychological and physical health over time. This study examined the hypotheses that when thinking about a partner's suffering (1) recalling past support provision to the suffering partner can decrease distress and anger and increase compassion, and (2) attachment orientation moderates these effects. METHOD: Seventy-seven older adult spouses of individuals with chronic pain were video-recorded while they disclosed: (1) an instance of partner suffering and (2) an instance of partner suffering plus their support provision...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163368/creating-memories-for-false-autobiographical-events-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#18
Chris R Brewin, Bernice Andrews
Using a framework that distinguishes autobiographical belief, recollective experience, and confidence in memory, we review three major paradigms used to suggest false childhood events to adults: imagination inflation, false feedback and memory implantation. Imagination inflation and false feedback studies increase the belief that a suggested event occurred by a small amount such that events are still thought unlikely to have happened. In memory implantation studies, some recollective experience for the suggested events is induced on average in 47% of participants, but only in 15% are these experiences likely to be rated as full memories...
January 2017: Applied Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162777/assumptions-behind-scoring-source-versus-item-memory-effects-of-age-hippocampal-lesions-and-mild-memory-problems
#19
Elisa Cooper, Andrea Greve, Richard N Henson
Source monitoring paradigms have been used to separate: 1) the probability of recognising an item (Item memory) and 2) the probability of remembering the context in which that item was previously encountered (Source memory), conditional on it being recognised. Multinomial Processing Tree (MPT) models are an effective way to estimate these conditional probabilities. Moreover, MPTs make explicit the assumptions behind different ways to parameterise Item and Source memory. Using data from six independent groups across two different paradigms, we show that one would draw different conclusions about the effects of age, age-related memory problems and hippocampal lesions on Item and Source memory, depending on the use of: 1) standard accuracy calculation vs MPT analysis, and 2) two different MPT models...
January 12, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154476/maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents-recollections-of-lifetime-residences-relationship-to-delinquency-and-marijuana-use
#20
Janet U Schneiderman, Andrea K Kennedy, Sonya Negriff, Jennifer Jones, Penelope K Trickett
Both childhood maltreatment and frequent childhood residence changes are associated with poor behavioral outcomes including drug use and delinquency. It is not clear whether a higher number of residences results in poorer outcomes for maltreated adolescents compared to adolescents living in the same community but without child welfare-documented maltreatment. Our study of child welfare-affiliated maltreated youth (n=216) and comparison youth (n=128) from the same community (age M = 18.21, SD = 1.42) examined: 1...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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