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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256382/agents-of-change-the-role-of-healthcare-workers-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-and-occupational-tuberculosis
#1
Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Patricia Bond, Angela Dramowski, Koot Kotze, Philip Lederer, Ingrid Oxley, Jurgens A Peters, Chanel Rossouw, Helene-Mari van der Westhuizen, Bart Willems, Tiong Xun Ting, Arne von Delft, Dalene von Delft, Raquel Duarte, Edward Nardell, Alimuddin Zumla
Healthcare workers (HCWs) play a central role in global tuberculosis (TB) elimination efforts but their contributions are undermined by occupational TB. HCWs have higher rates of latent and active TB than the general population due to persistent occupational TB exposure, particularly in settings where there is a high prevalence of undiagnosed TB in healthcare facilities and TB infection control (TB-IC) programmes are absent or poorly implemented. Occupational health programmes in high TB burden settings are often weak or non-existent and thus data that record the extent of the increased risk of occupational TB globally are scarce...
February 27, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250139/healthcare-and-research-priorities-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Martin Howell, Peter Tugwell, Fiona Mackie, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Angelique F Ralph, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVE: Managing juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is particularly challenging. The disease may be severe, adolescent patients have complex medical and psychosocial needs, and patients must navigate the transition to adult services. To inform patient-centered care, we aimed to identify the healthcare and research priorities of young patients with SLE and describe the reasons underpinning their priorities. METHODS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews and focus groups were conducted with patients with SLE, aged from 14 to 26 years, from 5 centers in Australia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034489/health-promotion-wellness-and-prevention-in-hand-therapy-a%C3%A2-survey-study
#3
Ann M Lucado, David W Taylor, Deborah M Wendland, Brian Connors
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease are associated with increased complications and cost of health care. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe beliefs and extent to which hand therapists include health promotion, wellness, and prevention (HPWP) in practice and to elucidate barriers to the incorporation of HPWP. METHODS: A 38-question survey evaluating hand therapists' beliefs, practice of HPWP, and barriers was sent to American Society of Hand Therapists members...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027045/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-recycling-workers-a-pilot-study
#4
Thomas Fisher
Little is known about injury prevention in recycling workers; therefore, in this study, I aimed to identify physical and psychosocial risk factors for employees involved in single-stream recycling and to explore strategies for prevention and wellness. Fifteen participants who were either recycling workers or supervisors located throughout seven locations on an urban university campus participated. A mixed-methods research design was used to obtain data through a variety of standardized work environment and health questionnaires and semistructured interviews...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938361/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-short-course-personalized-self-management-and-intensive-spa-therapy-intervention-as-active-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-extremities-muska-a-research-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Chloé Gay, Christian Hérisson, Christine Levyckyj, Arnaud Dupeyron, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) constitute a major occupational health problem in the working population, substantially impacting the quality of life of employees. They also cause considerable economic cost to the healthcare system, with, notably, the reimbursement of treatments and compensation for lost income. MSDs manifest as localized pain or functional difficulty in one or more anatomical areas, such as the cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, and wrist. Although prevalence varies depending on the region considered and the method of assessment, a prevalence of 30% is found in different epidemiological studies...
December 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764951/unintentional-injury-prevention-and-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-the-solomon-islands-an-integrative-review
#6
Barbara U Daufanamae, Richard C Franklin, Jackie Eagers
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional injuries (injuries for which there is no evidence of a predetermined intent) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although evidence demonstrates unintentional injuries are preventable it is a public health challenge for many LMICs such as the Solomon Islands. Occupational therapists are well placed to contribute to injury prevention, as they have specialised skills to analyse the accessibility and safety of the environments within which people conduct their daily occupations...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548856/promoting-health-well-being-and-quality-of-life-for-children-who-are-overweight-or-obese-and-their-families
#7
Michael A Pizzi
Obesity is a complex, multidimensional challenge that compromises occupational participation for children and families. Children who are overweight or obese are at serious risk for being stigmatized, bullied, or marginalized, and they often are medically compromised. They cope daily with occupational participation issues at home, in school, on playgrounds, and in their communities. Prevention and health promotion assessment and intervention in occupational therapy are imperative for the profession to make a significant and sustainable difference in the lives of these children and families...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394383/translation-of-the-care-of-persons-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-intervention-in-a-publicly-funded-home-care-context-rationale-and-research-design
#8
Richard H Fortinsky, Laura N Gitlin, Laura T Pizzi, Catherine Verrier Piersol, James Grady, Julie T Robison, Sheila Molony
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the leading cause of loss of independence in older adults worldwide. In the U.S., approximately 15 million family members provide care to relatives with dementia. This paper presents the rationale and design for a translational study in which an evidence-based, non-pharmacologic intervention for older adults with dementia and family caregivers (CGs) is incorporated into a publicly-funded home care program for older adults at risk for nursing home admission. METHODS: The 4-month Care of Persons with Dementia in their Environments (COPE) intervention is designed to optimize older adults' functional independence, and to improve CG dementia management skills and health-related outcomes...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170553/process-and-effects-evaluation-of-a-digital-mental-health-intervention-targeted-at-improving-occupational-well-being-lessons-from-an-intervention-study-with-failed-adoption
#9
Salla Muuraiskangas, Marja Harjumaa, Kirsikka Kaipainen, Miikka Ermes
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions have the potential to serve as cost-effective ways to manage occupational stress and well-being. However, little is known about the adoption of individual-level digital interventions at organizations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to study the effects of an unguided digital mental health intervention in occupational well-being and the factors that influence the adoption of the intervention. METHODS: The intervention was based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and its aim was to teach skills for stress management and mental well-being...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048142/-federal-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-pneumoconiosis
#10
L V Artemoval, N V Baskova, T B Burmistrova, E A Buryakinal, I V Buhtiyarov, A Yu Bushmanov, O S Vasilyeva, V G Vlasov, Y Y Gorblyansky, S A Zhabina, O N Zaharinskaya, N F Ismerov, E V Kovalevsky, G V Kuznetsova, L P Kuzmina, T A Kunyaeva, I I Logvinenko, L A Lutsenko, N N Mazitova, T Yu Obukhova, O V Odintseva, G P Orlova, L A Panacheva, I N Piktushanskaya, A E Plyukhin, E L Poteryaeva, S M Pravilo, V V Razumov, N A Roslaya, O F Roslyi, O P Rushkevich, V A Semenihin, P V Serebryakov, E L Smirnova, N S Sorkina, E S Tsidil'kovskaya, E V Chasovskikh, L A Shpagina
The purpose of development of this clinical practice guidelines was to provide evidence-based protocols that help the practitioner and the patient make the right decision for the health assessment, treatment and prevention of pneumoconiosis. Pneumoconiosis is the interstitial lung disease of occupational origin caused by prolonged inhalation of inorganic dust, characterized by chronic diffuse aseptic inflammation in lung tissue with the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Currently, thereare no treatment that provide a cure pulmonary fibrosis and changes in the dynamics of decline in lung function...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935099/effectiveness-of-preventive-and-treatment-interventions-for-primary-headaches-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Arnaud Lardon, Marie-Pier Girard, Chérine Zaïm, Nadège Lemeunier, Martin Descarreaux, Andrée-Anne Marchand
Aim The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the benefits of workplace-based occupational therapies and interventions, including acute and preventive medication, on headache intensity and frequency, related disability as well as work-related outcomes. Methods A search of the literature was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, CINAHL and Embase using terms related to headache, workplace and occupational health. The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias assessment tool was used on individual studies to assess internal validity and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system was applied to studies by clinical outcome and used to rate quality of evidence...
January 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802811/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Giovanna Del Grande da Silva, Carolina David Wiener, Luana Porto Barbosa, Jaciana Marlova Gonçalves Araujo, Mariane Lopez Molina, Pedro San Martin, Jean Pierre Oses, Karen Jansen, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
Depression is a serious condition that is associated with great psychic suffering and major impairments on the patient's general health, quality of life, and social and occupational activities. In some cases, it may lead to suicide. Regardless of the innumerous research works that have already addressed depression in wide and specific facets, there is still a lot to grasp in order to effectively help preventing and treating depression. This work presents data from a randomized clinical trial that sought to evaluate the effectiveness of two brief psychotherapeutic for Depression: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Supportive-Expressive Dynamic Psychotherapy (SEDP)...
April 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774897/a-public-health-initiative-on-hepatitis-e-virus-epidemiology-safety-and-control-in-portugal-study-protocol
#13
João R Mesquita, Mette Myrmel, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Joakim Øverbø, Maria S J Nascimento
BACKGROUND: The discovery of autochthonous hepatitis E in industrialized countries has changed the understanding of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in these regions, now known to be mainly due to zoonotic transmission of genotype 3. The foodborne route of transmission via consumption of contaminated meat from HEV infected pigs is well documented as well as the direct occupational exposure to animal reservoirs. Accumulating evidence also points to an emerging potential threat to blood safety after the identification of viremic blood donors and the documentation of HEV-contaminated blood or blood products...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658156/mrsa-colonization-and-infection-among-persons-with-occupational-livestock-exposure-in-europe-prevalence-preventive-options-and-evidence
#14
Tobias Goerge, Marthe Barbara Lorenz, Sarah van Alen, Nils-Olaf Hübner, Karsten Becker, Robin Köck
Colonization with livestock-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus (LA-MRSA) among persons occupationally exposed to pigs, cattle or poultry is very frequent. In Europe, LA-MRSA mostly belong to the clonal lineage CC398. Since colonized persons have an increased risk of developing MRSA infections, defining the burden of work-related infection caused by LA-MRSA CC398 is of interest to exposed personnel, insurance companies and infection control staff. This review summarizes data on the types of occupation-related infections caused by LA-MRSA CC398, the incidence of such infections as well as potential preventive strategies...
October 31, 2015: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620157/workplace-interventions-for-common-mental-disorders-a-systematic-meta-review
#15
REVIEW
S Joyce, M Modini, H Christensen, A Mykletun, R Bryant, P B Mitchell, S B Harvey
Depression and anxiety disorders are the leading cause of sickness absence and long-term work incapacity in most developed countries. The present study aimed to carry out a systematic meta-review examining the effectiveness of workplace mental health interventions, defined as any intervention that a workplace may either initiate or facilitate that aims to prevent, treat or rehabilitate a worker with a diagnosis of depression, anxiety or both. Relevant reviews were identified via a detailed systematic search of academic and grey literature databases...
March 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565102/developing-occupation-based-preventive-programs-for-late-middle-aged-latino-patients-in-safety-net-health-systems
#16
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Mike Carlson, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Anish Mahajan, Florence Clark
Latino adults between ages 50 and 60 yr are at high risk for developing chronic conditions that can lead to early disability. We conducted a qualitative pilot study with 11 Latinos in this demographic group to develop a foundational schema for the design of health promotion programs that could be implemented by occupational therapy practitioners in primary care settings for this population. One-on-one interviews addressing routines and activities, health management, and health care utilization were conducted, audiotaped, and transcribed...
November 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26115142/primary-care-a-new-context-for-the-scholarship-of-practice-model
#17
Catherine Killian, Gail Fisher, Sherry Muir
Interest in the emerging role for occupational therapy in the primary care practice setting has increased due to implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which intends to expand health care coverage to uninsured Americans while improving coordination of care, health outcomes, and cost savings. Expanding occupational therapy to encompass promotion of wellness and prevention in a primary care context provides an opportunity for occupational therapy. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of occupational therapy in primary care and how the Scholarship of Practice model can guide the development of occupation-based and evidence-based best practice in primary care...
2015: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26114454/healthy-habits-for-children-leveraging-existing-evidence-to-demonstrate-value
#18
Andrew C Persch, Amy J Lamb, Christina A Metzler, Mary A Fristad
Healthy habits is a psychoeducational construct that refers to the preventive practice of analyzing and then adapting the sleep, physical, and eating routines of children in ways that enhance health and well-being. This approach is based on evidence that demonstrates the positive therapeutic value of engaging in proactive, healthful behaviors. In addressing healthy habits, occupational therapy practitioners have an opportunity to contribute to the Triple Aim of health care reform while demonstrating the value of occupational therapy in educational, medical, community, and other settings...
July 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028694/increasing-liability-premiums-in-obstetrics-analysis-effects-and-options
#19
P Soergel, O Schöffski, P Hillemanns, U Hille-Betz, S Kundu
Whenever people act, mistakes are made. In Germany, it is thought that a total of 40 000 cases of malpractice occur per year. In recent years, costs for liability insurance have risen significantly in almost all spheres of medicine as a whole. Liability in the health care sector is founded on the contractual relationship between doctor and patient. Most recently, case law developed over many years has been codified with the Patients' Rights Act. In obstetrics, the focus of liability law is on brain damage caused by hypoxia or ischemia as a result of management errors during birth...
April 2015: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25944010/antioxidants-as-a-potential-preventive-and-therapeutic-strategy-for-cadmium
#20
REVIEW
Malgorzata M Brzóska, Sylwia Borowska, Michal Tomczyk
Epidemiological studies provide a growing number of evidences that chronic exposure to relatively low levels of cadmium (Cd), nowadays taking place in industrialized countries, may cause health hazard. Thus, growing interest has been focused on effective ways of protection from adverse effects of exposure to this heavy metal. Because numerous effects to Cd's toxic action result from its prooxidative properties, it seems reasonable that special attention should be directed to agents that can prevent or reduce this metal-induced oxidative stress and its consequences in tissues, organs and systems at risk of toxicity, including liver, kidneys, testes, ears, eyes, cardiovascular system and nervous system as well as bone tissue...
2016: Current Drug Targets
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