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occupational therapy preventive health and wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764951/unintentional-injury-prevention-and-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-the-solomon-islands-an-integrative-review
#1
Barbara U Daufanamae, Richard C Franklin, Jackie Eagers
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional injuries (injuries for which there is no evidence of a predetermined intent) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although evidence demonstrates unintentional injuries are preventable it is a public health challenge for many LMICs such as the Solomon Islands. Occupational therapists are well placed to contribute to injury prevention, as they have specialised skills to analyse the accessibility and safety of the environments within which people conduct their daily occupations...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548856/promoting-health-well-being-and-quality-of-life-for-children-who-are-overweight-or-obese-and-their-families
#2
Michael A Pizzi
Obesity is a complex, multidimensional challenge that compromises occupational participation for children and families. Children who are overweight or obese are at serious risk for being stigmatized, bullied, or marginalized, and they often are medically compromised. They cope daily with occupational participation issues at home, in school, on playgrounds, and in their communities. Prevention and health promotion assessment and intervention in occupational therapy are imperative for the profession to make a significant and sustainable difference in the lives of these children and families...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394383/translation-of-the-care-of-persons-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-intervention-in-a-publicly-funded-home-care-context-rationale-and-research-design
#3
Richard H Fortinsky, Laura N Gitlin, Laura T Pizzi, Catherine Verrier Piersol, James Grady, Julie T Robison, Sheila Molony
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the leading cause of loss of independence in older adults worldwide. In the U.S., approximately 15 million family members provide care to relatives with dementia. This paper presents the rationale and design for a translational study in which an evidence-based, non-pharmacologic intervention for older adults with dementia and family caregivers (CGs) is incorporated into a publicly-funded home care program for older adults at risk for nursing home admission. METHODS: The 4-month Care of Persons with Dementia in their Environments (COPE) intervention is designed to optimize older adults' functional independence, and to improve CG dementia management skills and health-related outcomes...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170553/process-and-effects-evaluation-of-a-digital-mental-health-intervention-targeted-at-improving-occupational-well-being-lessons-from-an-intervention-study-with-failed-adoption
#4
Salla Muuraiskangas, Marja Harjumaa, Kirsikka Kaipainen, Miikka Ermes
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions have the potential to serve as cost-effective ways to manage occupational stress and well-being. However, little is known about the adoption of individual-level digital interventions at organizations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to study the effects of an unguided digital mental health intervention in occupational well-being and the factors that influence the adoption of the intervention. METHODS: The intervention was based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and its aim was to teach skills for stress management and mental well-being...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048142/-federal-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-pneumoconiosis
#5
L V Artemoval, N V Baskova, T B Burmistrova, E A Buryakinal, I V Buhtiyarov, A Yu Bushmanov, O S Vasilyeva, V G Vlasov, Y Y Gorblyansky, S A Zhabina, O N Zaharinskaya, N F Ismerov, E V Kovalevsky, G V Kuznetsova, L P Kuzmina, T A Kunyaeva, I I Logvinenko, L A Lutsenko, N N Mazitova, T Yu Obukhova, O V Odintseva, G P Orlova, L A Panacheva, I N Piktushanskaya, A E Plyukhin, E L Poteryaeva, S M Pravilo, V V Razumov, N A Roslaya, O F Roslyi, O P Rushkevich, V A Semenihin, P V Serebryakov, E L Smirnova, N S Sorkina, E S Tsidil'kovskaya, E V Chasovskikh, L A Shpagina
The purpose of development of this clinical practice guidelines was to provide evidence-based protocols that help the practitioner and the patient make the right decision for the health assessment, treatment and prevention of pneumoconiosis. Pneumoconiosis is the interstitial lung disease of occupational origin caused by prolonged inhalation of inorganic dust, characterized by chronic diffuse aseptic inflammation in lung tissue with the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Currently, thereare no treatment that provide a cure pulmonary fibrosis and changes in the dynamics of decline in lung function...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935099/effectiveness-of-preventive-and-treatment-interventions-for-primary-headaches-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Arnaud Lardon, Marie-Pier Girard, Chérine Zaïm, Nadège Lemeunier, Martin Descarreaux, Andrée-Anne Marchand
AIM: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the benefits of workplace-based occupational therapies and interventions, including acute and preventive medication, on headache intensity and frequency, related disability as well as work-related outcomes. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, CINAHL and Embase using terms related to headache, workplace and occupational health. The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias assessment tool was used on individual studies to assess internal validity and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system was applied to studies by clinical outcome and used to rate quality of evidence...
March 2, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802811/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Giovanna Del Grande da Silva, Carolina David Wiener, Luana Porto Barbosa, Jaciana Marlova Gonçalves Araujo, Mariane Lopez Molina, Pedro San Martin, Jean Pierre Oses, Karen Jansen, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
Depression is a serious condition that is associated with great psychic suffering and major impairments on the patient's general health, quality of life, and social and occupational activities. In some cases, it may lead to suicide. Regardless of the innumerous research works that have already addressed depression in wide and specific facets, there is still a lot to grasp in order to effectively help preventing and treating depression. This work presents data from a randomized clinical trial that sought to evaluate the effectiveness of two brief psychotherapeutic for Depression: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Supportive-Expressive Dynamic Psychotherapy (SEDP)...
April 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774897/a-public-health-initiative-on-hepatitis-e-virus-epidemiology-safety-and-control-in-portugal-study-protocol
#8
João R Mesquita, Mette Myrmel, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Joakim Øverbø, Maria S J Nascimento
BACKGROUND: The discovery of autochthonous hepatitis E in industrialized countries has changed the understanding of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in these regions, now known to be mainly due to zoonotic transmission of genotype 3. The foodborne route of transmission via consumption of contaminated meat from HEV infected pigs is well documented as well as the direct occupational exposure to animal reservoirs. Accumulating evidence also points to an emerging potential threat to blood safety after the identification of viremic blood donors and the documentation of HEV-contaminated blood or blood products...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658156/mrsa-colonization-and-infection-among-persons-with-occupational-livestock-exposure-in-europe-prevalence-preventive-options-and-evidence
#9
Tobias Goerge, Marthe Barbara Lorenz, Sarah van Alen, Nils-Olaf Hübner, Karsten Becker, Robin Köck
Colonization with livestock-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus (LA-MRSA) among persons occupationally exposed to pigs, cattle or poultry is very frequent. In Europe, LA-MRSA mostly belong to the clonal lineage CC398. Since colonized persons have an increased risk of developing MRSA infections, defining the burden of work-related infection caused by LA-MRSA CC398 is of interest to exposed personnel, insurance companies and infection control staff. This review summarizes data on the types of occupation-related infections caused by LA-MRSA CC398, the incidence of such infections as well as potential preventive strategies...
October 31, 2015: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620157/workplace-interventions-for-common-mental-disorders-a-systematic-meta-review
#10
S Joyce, M Modini, H Christensen, A Mykletun, R Bryant, P B Mitchell, S B Harvey
Depression and anxiety disorders are the leading cause of sickness absence and long-term work incapacity in most developed countries. The present study aimed to carry out a systematic meta-review examining the effectiveness of workplace mental health interventions, defined as any intervention that a workplace may either initiate or facilitate that aims to prevent, treat or rehabilitate a worker with a diagnosis of depression, anxiety or both. Relevant reviews were identified via a detailed systematic search of academic and grey literature databases...
March 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565102/developing-occupation-based-preventive-programs-for-late-middle-aged-latino-patients-in-safety-net-health-systems
#11
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Mike Carlson, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Anish Mahajan, Florence Clark
Latino adults between ages 50 and 60 yr are at high risk for developing chronic conditions that can lead to early disability. We conducted a qualitative pilot study with 11 Latinos in this demographic group to develop a foundational schema for the design of health promotion programs that could be implemented by occupational therapy practitioners in primary care settings for this population. One-on-one interviews addressing routines and activities, health management, and health care utilization were conducted, audiotaped, and transcribed...
November 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26115142/primary-care-a-new-context-for-the-scholarship-of-practice-model
#12
Catherine Killian, Gail Fisher, Sherry Muir
Interest in the emerging role for occupational therapy in the primary care practice setting has increased due to implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which intends to expand health care coverage to uninsured Americans while improving coordination of care, health outcomes, and cost savings. Expanding occupational therapy to encompass promotion of wellness and prevention in a primary care context provides an opportunity for occupational therapy. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of occupational therapy in primary care and how the Scholarship of Practice model can guide the development of occupation-based and evidence-based best practice in primary care...
2015: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26114454/healthy-habits-for-children-leveraging-existing-evidence-to-demonstrate-value
#13
Andrew C Persch, Amy J Lamb, Christina A Metzler, Mary A Fristad
Healthy habits is a psychoeducational construct that refers to the preventive practice of analyzing and then adapting the sleep, physical, and eating routines of children in ways that enhance health and well-being. This approach is based on evidence that demonstrates the positive therapeutic value of engaging in proactive, healthful behaviors. In addressing healthy habits, occupational therapy practitioners have an opportunity to contribute to the Triple Aim of health care reform while demonstrating the value of occupational therapy in educational, medical, community, and other settings...
July 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028694/increasing-liability-premiums-in-obstetrics-analysis-effects-and-options
#14
P Soergel, O Schöffski, P Hillemanns, U Hille-Betz, S Kundu
Whenever people act, mistakes are made. In Germany, it is thought that a total of 40 000 cases of malpractice occur per year. In recent years, costs for liability insurance have risen significantly in almost all spheres of medicine as a whole. Liability in the health care sector is founded on the contractual relationship between doctor and patient. Most recently, case law developed over many years has been codified with the Patients' Rights Act. In obstetrics, the focus of liability law is on brain damage caused by hypoxia or ischemia as a result of management errors during birth...
April 2015: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25944010/antioxidants-as-a-potential-preventive-and-therapeutic-strategy-for-cadmium
#15
REVIEW
Malgorzata M Brzóska, Sylwia Borowska, Michal Tomczyk
Epidemiological studies provide a growing number of evidences that chronic exposure to relatively low levels of cadmium (Cd), nowadays taking place in industrialized countries, may cause health hazard. Thus, growing interest has been focused on effective ways of protection from adverse effects of exposure to this heavy metal. Because numerous effects to Cd's toxic action result from its prooxidative properties, it seems reasonable that special attention should be directed to agents that can prevent or reduce this metal-induced oxidative stress and its consequences in tissues, organs and systems at risk of toxicity, including liver, kidneys, testes, ears, eyes, cardiovascular system and nervous system as well as bone tissue...
2016: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25816169/a-growing-fire-hazard-concern-in-communities-home-oxygen-therapy-and-continued-smoking-habits
#16
Catherine J Galligan, Pia K Markkanen, Linda M Fantasia, Rebecca J Gore, Susan R Sama, Margaret M Quinn
The Safe Home Care Project investigated both qualitatively and quantitatively a range of occupational safety and health hazards, as well as injury and illness prevention practices, among home care aides in Massachusetts. This article reports on a hazard identified by aides during the study's initial focus groups: smoking by home care clients on long-term oxygen therapy. Following the qualitative phase we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1,249 aides and found that medical oxygen was present in 9 percent of aide visits (314 of aides' 3,484 recent client visits) and that 25 percent of clients on oxygen therapy were described as smokers...
February 2015: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734125/time-dependent-predictors-of-loss-to-follow-up-in-a-large-hiv-treatment-cohort-in-nigeria
#17
Seema Thakore Meloni, Charlotte Chang, Beth Chaplin, Holly Rawizza, Oluwatoyin Jolayemi, Bolanle Banigbe, Prosper Okonkwo, Phyllis Kanki
BACKGROUND: Most evaluations of loss to follow-up (LTFU) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment programs focus on baseline predictors, prior to antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. As risk of LTFU is a continuous issue, the aim of this evaluation was to augment existing information with further examination of time-dependent predictors of loss. METHODS: This was a retrospective evaluation of data collected between 2004 and 2012 by the Harvard School of Public Health and the AIDS Prevention Initiative in Nigeria as part of PEPFAR-funded program in Nigeria...
September 2014: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25604904/a-worksite-intervention-to-reduce-the-cardiovascular-risk-proposal-of-a-study-design-easy-to-integrate-within-italian-organization-of-occupational-health-surveillance
#18
Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Gianluca Marangi, Danilo Bontadi, Emanuela Fadda, Luca Cegolon, Melania Bortolotto, Ugo Fedeli, Luciano Marchiori
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial amount of knowledge on effectiveness of worksite health promotion (WHP) in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, WHP programs are not systematically applied in Italy. The aim was to design an intervention easy to integrate within the Italian organization of workplace health surveillance. METHODS: We used the "pretest-posttest design". Workers were employed in multiple occupations and resident in Veneto region, Italy. Occupational physicians (OPs) performed all examinations, including laboratory evaluation (capillary blood sampling and measure of glycaemia and cholesterolemia with portable devices), during the normal health surveillance at worksite...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25568596/sleep-apnea-and-occupational-accidents-are-oral-appliances-the-solution
#19
REVIEW
Maria De Lourdes Rabelo Guimarães, Ana Paula Hermont
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners have a key role in the quality of life and prevention of occupational accidents of workers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). AIM: The aim of this study was to review the impact of OSAS, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, and the evidence regarding the use of oral appliances (OA) on the health and safety of workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs and Sci ELO...
May 2014: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25553744/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-adults-with-psychological-or-emotional-impairment-after-stroke-an-evidence-based-review
#20
REVIEW
Mary W Hildebrand
This evidence-based review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions to prevent or mitigate the effects of psychological or emotional impairments after stroke. Thirty-nine journal articles met the inclusion criteria. Six types of interventions were identified that addressed depression, anxiety, or mental health-related quality of life: exercise or movement based, behavioral therapy and stroke education, behavioral therapy only, stroke education only, care support and coordination, and community-based interventions that included occupational therapy...
January 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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