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occupational therapy preventive health and wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853422/the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-implications-for-work-and-occupational-health
#1
Giovanni Costa
Commission Directive 2104/85/EU on driving licenses highlighted significant issues related to the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Due to the high incidence of this syndrome in the general population, it is important to precisely assess its impact on work and driving performance, in terms of employee and third-party safety, general health and related social costs (errors, accidents, absenteeism, presenteism, treatments). As occupational health physicians regularly check the workers in the age group in which the incidence of OSAS is higher, they are called upon to play a strategic role in the early detection of the disease and the prescription of an appropriate therapy, as well as in monitoring the treatment effectiveness in order to assess fitness to work and/or drive...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#2
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#3
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736897/taking-culture-seriously-can-we-improve-the-developmental-health-and-well-being-of-australian-aboriginal-children-in-out-of-home-care
#4
S Raman, S Ruston, S Irwin, P Tran, P Hotton, S Thorne
BACKGROUND: Children in out-of-home care have well-documented health and developmental needs. Research suggests that Aboriginal children in care have unmet health and intervention needs. In metropolitan Sydney, Kari Aboriginal Resources Inc. (KARI), an Aboriginal organization, provides support to indigenous children in care, including clinical assessment and intervention. We wanted to determine the health and developmental needs of a subset of children in out-of-home care with KARI, who had been in stable care for at least a year...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688269/nature-based-solution-for-improving-mental-health-and-well-being-in-urban-areas
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maja Vujcic, Jelena Tomicevic-Dubljevic, Mihailo Grbic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Olivera Vukovic, Oliver Toskovic
The general disproportion of urban development and the socio-economical crisis in Serbia, followed by a number of acute and chronic stressors, as well as years of accumulated trauma, prevented the parallel physical, mental and social adaptation of society as a whole. These trends certainly affected the quality of mental health and well-being, particularly on the vulnerable urban population, increasing the absolute number of people with depression, stress and psychosomatic disorders. This study was pioneering in Serbia and was conducted in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, the Institute of Mental Health and the Botanical Garden in Belgrade, in order to understand how spending time and performing horticulture therapy in specially designed urban green environments can improve mental health...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661379/promoting-health-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-occupational-therapy-a-commitment-to-a-paradigm-shift-for-the-next-100-years
#6
Michael A Pizzi, Lorie Gage Richards
Since the inception of the profession of occupational therapy a century ago, a clarion call to link health with occupation and occupational engagement has been heard. For decades, leaders in the profession have emphasized the need for prevention and health promotion as well as for development of assessments and models linking health with occupation. This article addresses the need for an increased presence of occupational therapy in health and wellness, emphasizing participation over performance, to optimize the health, well-being, and quality of life of individuals, communities, and populations...
July 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#7
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483095/are-burnout-prevention-programs-for-hospital-physicians-needed
#8
Shabbir Amanullah, Kathie McNally, Jenni Zelin, Julie Cole, Zack Cernovsky
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, whether as a brief episode or more protracted, affects all aspects of a physician's life. Given the critical role of physicians in society, efforts to monitor, preserve, and enhance physician health are beneficial also to their patients. We investigated the patterns of burnout in physicians. METHODOLOGY: Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), in the General Survey version, was handed out to interested physicians of a Canadian general hospital in a Grand Rounds lecture on "well-being of physicians...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#9
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256382/agents-of-change-the-role-of-healthcare-workers-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-and-occupational-tuberculosis
#10
REVIEW
Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Patricia Bond, Angela Dramowski, Koot Kotze, Philip Lederer, Ingrid Oxley, Jurgens A Peters, Chanel Rossouw, Helene-Mari van der Westhuizen, Bart Willems, Tiong Xun Ting, Arne von Delft, Dalene von Delft, Raquel Duarte, Edward Nardell, Alimuddin Zumla
Healthcare workers (HCWs) play a central role in global tuberculosis (TB) elimination efforts but their contributions are undermined by occupational TB. HCWs have higher rates of latent and active TB than the general population due to persistent occupational TB exposure, particularly in settings where there is a high prevalence of undiagnosed TB in healthcare facilities and TB infection control (TB-IC) programmes are absent or poorly implemented. Occupational health programmes in high TB burden settings are often weak or non-existent and thus data that record the extent of the increased risk of occupational TB globally are scarce...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250139/healthcare-and-research-priorities-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Martin Howell, Peter Tugwell, Fiona Mackie, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Angelique F Ralph, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVE: Managing juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is particularly challenging. The disease may be severe, adolescent patients have complex medical and psychosocial needs, and patients must navigate the transition to adult services. To inform patient-centered care, we aimed to identify the healthcare and research priorities of young patients with SLE and describe the reasons underpinning their priorities. METHODS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews and focus groups were conducted with patients with SLE, aged from 14 to 26 years, from 5 centers in Australia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034489/health-promotion-wellness-and-prevention-in-hand-therapy-a%C3%A2-survey-study
#12
Ann M Lucado, David W Taylor, Deborah M Wendland, Brian Connors
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease are associated with increased complications and cost of health care. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe beliefs and extent to which hand therapists include health promotion, wellness, and prevention (HPWP) in practice and to elucidate barriers to the incorporation of HPWP. METHODS: A 38-question survey evaluating hand therapists' beliefs, practice of HPWP, and barriers was sent to American Society of Hand Therapists members...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027045/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-recycling-workers-a-pilot-study
#13
Thomas Fisher
Little is known about injury prevention in recycling workers; therefore, in this study, I aimed to identify physical and psychosocial risk factors for employees involved in single-stream recycling and to explore strategies for prevention and wellness. Fifteen participants who were either recycling workers or supervisors located throughout seven locations on an urban university campus participated. A mixed-methods research design was used to obtain data through a variety of standardized work environment and health questionnaires and semistructured interviews...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938361/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-short-course-personalized-self-management-and-intensive-spa-therapy-intervention-as-active-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-extremities-muska-a-research-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Chloé Gay, Christian Hérisson, Christine Levyckyj, Arnaud Dupeyron, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) constitute a major occupational health problem in the working population, substantially impacting the quality of life of employees. They also cause considerable economic cost to the healthcare system, with, notably, the reimbursement of treatments and compensation for lost income. MSDs manifest as localized pain or functional difficulty in one or more anatomical areas, such as the cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, and wrist. Although prevalence varies depending on the region considered and the method of assessment, a prevalence of 30% is found in different epidemiological studies...
December 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764951/unintentional-injury-prevention-and-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-the-solomon-islands-an-integrative-review
#15
Barbara U Daufanamae, Richard C Franklin, Jackie Eagers
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional injuries (injuries for which there is no evidence of a predetermined intent) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although evidence demonstrates unintentional injuries are preventable it is a public health challenge for many LMICs such as the Solomon Islands. Occupational therapists are well placed to contribute to injury prevention, as they have specialised skills to analyse the accessibility and safety of the environments within which people conduct their daily occupations...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548856/promoting-health-well-being-and-quality-of-life-for-children-who-are-overweight-or-obese-and-their-families
#16
EDITORIAL
Michael A Pizzi
Obesity is a complex, multidimensional challenge that compromises occupational participation for children and families. Children who are overweight or obese are at serious risk for being stigmatized, bullied, or marginalized, and they often are medically compromised. They cope daily with occupational participation issues at home, in school, on playgrounds, and in their communities. Prevention and health promotion assessment and intervention in occupational therapy are imperative for the profession to make a significant and sustainable difference in the lives of these children and families...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394383/translation-of-the-care-of-persons-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-intervention-in-a-publicly-funded-home-care-context-rationale-and-research-design
#17
Richard H Fortinsky, Laura N Gitlin, Laura T Pizzi, Catherine Verrier Piersol, James Grady, Julie T Robison, Sheila Molony
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the leading cause of loss of independence in older adults worldwide. In the U.S., approximately 15 million family members provide care to relatives with dementia. This paper presents the rationale and design for a translational study in which an evidence-based, non-pharmacologic intervention for older adults with dementia and family caregivers (CGs) is incorporated into a publicly-funded home care program for older adults at risk for nursing home admission. METHODS: The 4-month Care of Persons with Dementia in their Environments (COPE) intervention is designed to optimize older adults' functional independence, and to improve CG dementia management skills and health-related outcomes...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170553/process-and-effects-evaluation-of-a-digital-mental-health-intervention-targeted-at-improving-occupational-well-being-lessons-from-an-intervention-study-with-failed-adoption
#18
Salla Muuraiskangas, Marja Harjumaa, Kirsikka Kaipainen, Miikka Ermes
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions have the potential to serve as cost-effective ways to manage occupational stress and well-being. However, little is known about the adoption of individual-level digital interventions at organizations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to study the effects of an unguided digital mental health intervention in occupational well-being and the factors that influence the adoption of the intervention. METHODS: The intervention was based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and its aim was to teach skills for stress management and mental well-being...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048142/-federal-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment-of-pneumoconiosis
#19
L V Artemoval, N V Baskova, T B Burmistrova, E A Buryakinal, I V Buhtiyarov, A Yu Bushmanov, O S Vasilyeva, V G Vlasov, Y Y Gorblyansky, S A Zhabina, O N Zaharinskaya, N F Ismerov, E V Kovalevsky, G V Kuznetsova, L P Kuzmina, T A Kunyaeva, I I Logvinenko, L A Lutsenko, N N Mazitova, T Yu Obukhova, O V Odintseva, G P Orlova, L A Panacheva, I N Piktushanskaya, A E Plyukhin, E L Poteryaeva, S M Pravilo, V V Razumov, N A Roslaya, O F Roslyi, O P Rushkevich, V A Semenihin, P V Serebryakov, E L Smirnova, N S Sorkina, E S Tsidil'kovskaya, E V Chasovskikh, L A Shpagina
The purpose of development of this clinical practice guidelines was to provide evidence-based protocols that help the practitioner and the patient make the right decision for the health assessment, treatment and prevention of pneumoconiosis. Pneumoconiosis is the interstitial lung disease of occupational origin caused by prolonged inhalation of inorganic dust, characterized by chronic diffuse aseptic inflammation in lung tissue with the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Currently, thereare no treatment that provide a cure pulmonary fibrosis and changes in the dynamics of decline in lung function...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935099/effectiveness-of-preventive-and-treatment-interventions-for-primary-headaches-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Arnaud Lardon, Marie-Pier Girard, Chérine Zaïm, Nadège Lemeunier, Martin Descarreaux, Andrée-Anne Marchand
Aim The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the benefits of workplace-based occupational therapies and interventions, including acute and preventive medication, on headache intensity and frequency, related disability as well as work-related outcomes. Methods A search of the literature was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, CINAHL and Embase using terms related to headache, workplace and occupational health. The Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias assessment tool was used on individual studies to assess internal validity and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system was applied to studies by clinical outcome and used to rate quality of evidence...
January 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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