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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793182/healthcare-provider-counseling-to-quit-smoking-and-patient-desire-to-quit-the-role-of-negative-smoking-outcome-expectancies
#1
Joan S Tucker, Brian D Stucky, Maria Orlando Edelen, William G Shadel, David J Klein
AIMS: The U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline on treating tobacco use and dependence recommends providing advice to quit to every tobacco user seen in a healthcare setting. However, the mechanism through which counseling encourages patients to quit has not been adequately studied. This study tests whether the association between receiving healthcare provider counseling and desire to quit is accounted for by negative health and psychosocial outcome expectancies of smoking...
May 21, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792587/child-abuse-potential-in-mothers-with-early-life-maltreatment-borderline-personality-disorder-and-depression
#2
Katja Dittrich, Katja Boedeker, Dorothea Kluczniok, Charlotte Jaite, Catherine Hindi Attar, Daniel Fuehrer, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Maria Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Early life maltreatment (ELM), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) have been shown to increase the potential of abuse. Emotion regulation is an identified mediator for the association of ELM and BPD with abuse potential. Until now, there has been no study to account for the co-occurrence of these risk factors in one analysis, although BPD and MDD are known as common sequelae of ELM. This is paired with a lack of studies investigating the effects of abuse potential on child well-being...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790951/internet-use-and-preventive-health-behaviors-among-couples-in-later-life-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#3
Sangbo Nam, Sae Hwang Han, Megan Gilligan
Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the link between internet use and preventive health behaviors. We focused on couples to examine whether there were cross-partner associations between internet use and preventive health behaviors. Research Design and Methods: The data for this study came from the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and the sample consisted of 5,143 pairs of coupled-individuals. Preventive health behaviors included cancer screenings (mammogram and prostate tests), cholesterol tests, and flu shots...
May 22, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790393/assistive-technology-policy-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#4
Malcolm MacLachlan, David Banes, Diane Bell, Johan Borg, Brian Donnelly, Michael Fembek, Ritu Ghosh, Rosie Gowran, Emma Hannay, Diana Hiscock, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Tracey Howe, Friedbert Kohler, Natasha Layton, Siobhán Long, Hasheem Mannan, Gubela Mji, Thomas Odera Ongolo, Katherine Perry, Cecilia Pettersson, Jessica Power, Vinicius Delgado Ramos, Lenka Slepičková, Emma Smith, Kiu Tay-Teo, Priscille Geiser, Hilary Hooks
Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790236/forecasting-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-using-meteorological-factors-in-eastern-fars-province-iran-a-sarima-analysis
#5
Hamid Reza Tohidinik, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Mohsen Ali-Akbarpour, Kamran Yazdani
OBJECTIVES: To predict the occurrence of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) and evaluate the effect of climatic variables on disease incidence in the east of Fars province, Iran using the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) model. METHODS: The Box-Jenkins approach was applied to fit the SARIMA model for ZCL incidence from 2004 to 2015. Then the model was used to predict the number of ZCL cases for the year 2016. Finally, we assessed the relation of meteorological variables (rainfall, rainy days, temperature, hours of sunshine and relative humidity) with ZCL incidence...
May 22, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789984/the-role-of-hiv-stigma-in-art-adherence-and-quality-of-life-among-rural-women-living-with-hiv-in-india
#6
Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Amanda Mazur, Wayne T Steward, Catherine Carpenter, Kartik Yadav, Sanjeev Sinha, Adey Nyamathi
HIV stigma continues to be a barrier to physical and mental health among people living with HIV globally, especially in vulnerable populations. We examined how stigma is associated with health outcomes and quality of life among rural women living with HIV in South India (N = 600). Interviewer-administered measures assessed multiple dimensions of stigma, as well as loneliness, social support, ART adherence, time since diagnosis, and quality of life. Internalized stigma and a lack of social support were associated with a lower quality of life, while the association between internalized stigma and adherence was mediated by the use of stigma-avoidant coping strategies, suggesting that keeping one's diagnosis a secret may make it more difficult to take one's medications...
May 22, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789285/-all-my-relations-experiences-and-perceptions-of-indigenous-patients-connecting-with-indigenous-elders-in-an-inner-city-primary-care-partnership-for-mental-health-and-well-being
#7
George Hadjipavlou, Colleen Varcoe, David Tu, Jennifer Dehoney, Roberta Price, Annette J Browne
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in urban settings generally have not been adapted to serve the needs of Indigenous patients. We explored how patients' encounters with Indigenous Elders affected their overall mental health and well-being to identify therapeutic mechanisms underlying improvement. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews of participants enrolled in a 6-month prospective mixed-methods evaluation of a program for mental health and well-being that featured the inclusion of Elders in the direct care of Indigenous patients in an inner city primary care clinic...
May 22, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789279/opportunities-for-enhanced-strategic-use-of-surveys-medical-records-and-program-data-for-hiv-surveillance-of-key-populations-scoping-review
#8
Sharon Stucker Weir, Stefan D Baral, Jessie K Edwards, Sabrina Zadrozny, James Hargreaves, Jinkou Zhao, Keith Sabin
BACKGROUND: Normative guidelines from the World Health Organization recommend tracking strategic information indicators among key populations. Monitoring progress in the global response to the HIV epidemic uses indicators put forward by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. These include the 90-90-90 targets that require a realignment of surveillance data, routinely collected program data, and medical record data, which historically have developed separately. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe current challenges for monitoring HIV-related strategic information indicators among key populations ((men who have sex with men [MSM], people in prisons and other closed settings, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender people) and identify future opportunities to enhance the use of surveillance data, programmatic data, and medical record data to describe the HIV epidemic among key populations and measure the coverage of HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788745/obesity-and-physical-fitness-indices-of-children-aged-5-12-years-living-on-remote-and-isolated-islands
#9
Panagiotis Koulouvaris, Charilaos Tsolakis, Yiannis E Tsekouras, Olyvia Donti, Panagiotis J Papagellopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become one of the major health risks in childhood, significantly affecting children's health and physical fitness. Although the marked increase of obesity in urban areas is well established, evidence is limited in remote and isolated areas with adverse socioeconomic features. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and its association with physical performance indices in young school-aged children living in 18 remote and isolated Greek islands...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#10
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787954/the-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-training-program-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-study-in-urban-community
#11
Chalermpong Sukontapol, Sasithorn Kemsen, Sirintorn Chansirikarn, Daochompu Nakawiro, Orawan Kuha, Unchulee Taemeeyapradit
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a cognitive training program on global cognition among people with mild cognitive impairment. METHODS: In this experimental study, using purposive sampling, 60 participants age 50 years and over who complained of subjective memory impairment were screened in their communities by public health volunteers with the Abbreviated Mental Test. Those with dementia were excluded as well as those with depression, which were screened out by the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15)...
May 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787889/diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infections-from-positive-blood-cultures-and-directly-from-blood-samples-recent-developments-in-molecular-approaches
#12
REVIEW
Nilay Peker, Natacha Couto, Bhanu Sinha, John W Rossen
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections are a major cause of death with increasing incidence and severity. Blood cultures are still the gold standard for microbiological diagnosis, but are rather slow. Molecular methods can be used as add-on complementary assays. They can be useful to speed up microbial identification and to predict antimicrobial susceptibility, applied to direct blood samples or positive blood cultures. AIM: To review recent developments in molecular based diagnostic platforms used for the identification of bloodstream infections, with a focus on assays performed directly on blood samples and positive blood cultures...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787385/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-to-explore-the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-interventions-in-improving-fatigue-dyspnea-and-depression-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#13
Catherine L Henshall, Lizzie Allin, Helen Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survival rates are increasing; however, lung cancer survivors' mental and physical well-being can suffer from experiencing symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, and depression. Exercise can improve these symptoms. However, no studies have examined the effects of different exercise interventions on these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, dyspnea, and depression in lung cancer survivors...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787323/the-role-of-vaccines-in-fighting-antimicrobial-resistance-amr
#14
Kathrin U Jansen, Annaliesa S Anderson
The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the associated morbidity and mortality due to antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens is not new. However, AMR has been increasing at an alarming rate with appearances of diseases caused by bacteria exhibiting resistance to not just one but multiple classes of antibiotics. The World Health Organization (WHO) supported by governments, health ministries and health agencies has formulated global action plans to combat the rise in AMR, supporting a number of proven initiatives such as antimicrobial stewardship, investments in development of new classes of antibiotics, and educational programs designed to eliminate inappropriate antibiotic use...
May 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786677/-combined-rehabilitation-in-the-patients-presenting-with-dorsopathies-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-concomitant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-based-at-a-therapeutic-clinic
#15
E V Sevostyanova, Y A Nikolaev, N V Bogdankevich, V G Lusheva, N A Dolgova, V Y Polyakov
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity constitutes a serious challenge for rehabilitative medicine. The comorbidity of the dorsopathy of the lumbar spine and irritable bowel syndrome mutually complicates the clinical course of both conditions, significantly reduces the patients' quality of life. and increases the costs of diagnostic procedures and restoration of the working capacity. The approaches to the non-pharmacological management of the patients presenting with these diseases remain to be developed...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#16
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785625/exploring-the-association-between-electronic-health-record-use-and-burnout-among-psychiatry-residents-and-faculty-a-pilot-survey-study
#17
Nicholas M Domaney, John Torous, William E Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a phenomenon with profound negative effects on the US healthcare system. Little is known about the relationship between time spent working on electronic health record (EHR) and burnout among psychiatry residents. The purpose of this study is to generate preliminary data on EHR use and burnout among psychiatry residents and faculty. METHODS: In August 2017, psychiatry residents and faculty at an academic medical center were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a standardized measurement tool for burnout, and a survey of factors related to EHR use and potential risk factors for burnout...
May 21, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785199/physical-exercise-for-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Alessandro Oliveira de Carvalho, Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sergio Machado
Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated. Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#19
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784237/quality-of-life-and-well-being-following-inpatient-and-partial-hospitalization-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder
#20
Claire E Blevins, Ana M Abrantes, Megan E Kurth, Alan L Gordon, Michael D Stein
Treatment of opioid use disorder often begins with brief intensive inpatient or outpatient programs. Given the high relapse rates following intensive treatment, it is important to determine factors that lead to success post-discharge. Incorporating assessment during and early post-discharge may help determine such factors. The current study evaluated changes in quality of life among individuals during and after discharge from inpatient and partial hospitalization opiate treatment programs. Participants (n = 143) were recruited while in the programs and were re-assessed one month later (n = 113)...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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