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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#1
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437283/dilator-use-after-vaginal-brachytherapy-for-endometrial-cancer-a-randomized-feasibility-and-adherence-study
#2
Alexandra Hanlon, William Small, Jonathan Strauss, Lilie L Lin, Laura Hanisch, Liming Huang, Jinbing Bai, Jessica Wells, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Vaginal brachytherapy, a common treatment of endometrial cancer, is associated with high rates of vaginal stenosis. Recommendations for vaginal dilator use to minimize stenosis generally include 3 times per week for approximately 10 minutes per use. However, adherence rates range widely and are generally well less than 50%. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess feasibility of recruitment to a study of dilator use and test a theoretically driven enhanced educational program (EEP) to increase adherence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435320/identification-prevalence-and-treatment-of-painful-diabetic-neuropathy-in-patients-from-a-rural-area-in-south-carolina
#3
Jimmy Pruitt, Carolina Moracho-Vilrriales, Tiffaney Threatt, Sarah Wagner, Jun Wu, E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) represents significant burdens to many patients and the public health-care system. Patients with diabetes in rural areas have higher risk of developing complications and having less access to proper treatment. We studied a rural population of patients with diabetes who attended a pharmacist-led free clinic for a diabetic education program. Our objectives were to 1) determine the prevalence of DPN and painful diabetic neuropathy (p-DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes; 2) assess the proportion of patients with DPN and p-DN left undocumented upon physician referral to a pharmacist-led free clinic; and 3) determine the appropriateness of pain medication regimen...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435242/burden-of-asthma-dyspnea-and-chronic-cough-in-south-asia
#4
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough are well-established risk factors of COPD and often associated with exacerbation of the disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in South Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to, 1) measure the prevalence of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough, and 2) assess the relationship between these respiratory problems and self-reported health status among South Asians. METHODS: Data for this research came from the World Health Survey (2002-2003) conducted by the World Health Organization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434750/integrating-an-automated-activity-monitor-into-an-artificial-insemination-program-and-the-associated-risk-factors-affecting-reproductive-performance-of-dairy-cows
#5
Tracy A Burnett, Augusto M L Madureira, Bruna F Silper, A C C Fernandes, Ronaldo L A Cerri
The aim of this study was to compare 2 reproductive programs for the management of first postpartum artificial insemination (AI) based on activity monitors and timed AI, as well as to determine the effect of health-related factors on detection and expression of estrus. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 918) from 2 commercial farms were enrolled. Estrous cycles of all cows were presynchronized with 2 injections of PGF2α administered 2 wk apart. Treatments were (1) first insemination performed by timed AI (TAI) and (2) first insemination based upon the detection of estrus by activity monitors (ACT; Heatime, SCR Engineering, Netanya, Israel) after the presynchronization, whereas cows not inseminated by the detection of estrus were enrolled in the Ovsynch protocol...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#6
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434144/peer-coaching-interventions-for-parents-of-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
Carrie Tully, Caitlin Shneider, Maureen Monaghan, Marisa E Hilliard, Randi Streisand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peer support is a promising model of providing psychosocial support to parents of children with type 1 diabetes. This review seeks to discuss the findings of the existing literature in peer coaching as it relates to parents and diabetes as well as to identify gaps in knowledge for future intervention development and implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Peer support programs vary widely with regard to recruitment, training, and delivery protocols. Across most programs, ongoing support and supervision are provided to peer coaches...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433250/public-private-implementation-of-integrated-emergency-response-services-case-study-of-gvk-emergency-management-and-research-institute-in-karnataka-india
#8
Veena M Sriram, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services are important to the functioning of health systems, but these services tend to be neglected in low- and middle-income countries, such as India. In recent years, several models of pre-hospital emergency medical services have emerged in India. Research on these models holds important lessons for existing and future emergency medical service programs in low- and middle-income countries. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public-private partnership in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute, with a particular focus on its operations in Bengaluru...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432794/posttraumatic-stress-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-trajectories-and-vulnerability-factors
#9
M Habibović, J Denollet, S S Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is first-line treatment for the primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. Despite the unequivocal medical benefits, living with an ICD may affect patients' psychological functioning and general well-being. We examined the trajectories of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety in patients with an ICD and the vulnerability factors associated with an increased risk of symptoms of PTSD and anxiety...
April 22, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432637/polluted-pathways-mechanisms-of-metabolic-disruption-by-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals
#10
REVIEW
Mizuho S Mimoto, Angel Nadal, Robert M Sargis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Environmental toxicants are increasingly implicated in the global decline in metabolic health. Focusing on diabetes, herein, the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which metabolism disrupting chemicals (MDCs) impair energy homeostasis are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging data implicate MDC perturbations in a variety of pathways as contributors to metabolic disease pathogenesis, with effects in diverse tissues regulating fuel utilization...
April 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431767/the-new-drug-conditional-approval-process-in-china-challenges-and-opportunities
#11
REVIEW
Xuefang Yao, Jinxi Ding, Yingfang Liu, Penghui Li
PURPOSE: Our aim was to characterize the newly established new drug conditional approval process in China and discuss the challenges and opportunities with respect to new drug research and development and registration. METHODS: We examined the new approval program through literature review, law analysis, and data analysis. Data were derived from published materials, such as journal articles, government publications, press releases, and news articles, along with statistical data from INSIGHT-China Pharma Databases, the China Food and Drug Administration website, the Center for Drug Evaluation website, the US Food and Drug Administration website, and search results published by Google...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#12
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#13
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#14
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430938/characterization-of-yjjj-toxin-of-escherichia-coli
#15
Yuki Maeda, Chun-Yi Lin, Yojiro Ishida, Masayori Inouye, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi, Sangita Phadtare
Reminiscent of eukaryotic apoptotic programmed cell death, bacteria also contain a large number of suicide genes, which are in general co-expressed with their cognate antitoxic genes. These systems called the toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are associated with cellular dormancy, and play major roles in biofilm formation and persistent multi-drug resistance of many human pathogens. In recent years, the study on TA system toxins has become a hot topic due to the health implications of these toxins by virtue of their role in bacterial pathogenicity...
April 19, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430919/non-coding-rnas-in-cardiovascular-diseases-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#16
Wolfgang Poller, Stefanie Dimmeler, Stephane Heymans, Tanja Zeller, Jan Haas, Mahir Karakas, David-Manuel Leistner, Philipp Jakob, Shinichi Nakagawa, Stefan Blankenberg, Stefan Engelhardt, Thomas Thum, Christian Weber, Benjamin Meder, Roger Hajjar, Ulf Landmesser
Recent research has demonstrated that the non-coding genome plays a key role in genetic programming and gene regulation during development as well as in health and cardiovascular disease. About 99% of the human genome do not encode proteins, but are transcriptionally active representing a broad spectrum of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) with important regulatory and structural functions. Non-coding RNAs have been identified as critical novel regulators of cardiovascular risk factors and cell functions and are thus important candidates to improve diagnostics and prognosis assessment...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429918/relationship-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-disorders-in-korean-women-according-to-menopausal-status
#17
Seo Ah Hong, Mi Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been elucidated fully, particularly by menopausal status. Method and Study Design: The study population was 2,999 women aged 40-64 years participating in the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The definition of MetS and its components was based on the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) for Koreans...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#18
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429240/clinical-setting-based-smoking-cessation-programme-and-the-quality-of-life-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-austria-and-germany
#19
Igor Grabovac, Helmut Brath, Horst Schalk, Olaf Degen, Thomas E Dorner
PURPOSE: To report on the global quality of life (QOL) in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and how a smoking cessation intervention influences the changes in QOL. METHODS: Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire during visits to their HIV outpatient clinic consisting of sociodemographic information, general health data and the WHOQOL HIV-Bref. Exhaled carbon monoxide measurements were used to confirm the smoking status, based on which participants classified as smokers received a short 5 min structured intervention and were offered participation in a full smoking cessation programme consisting of five sessions...
April 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429115/comparison-of-the-tolerability-of-newly-introduced-childhood-vaccines-in-the-netherlands
#20
Jeanet M Kemmeren, Nicoline At van der Maas, Hester E de Melker
In 2011, the 7-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) was replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) and universal hepatitis B vaccination has been introduced in the Netherlands. A questionnaire study was conducted to assess the tolerability of DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV7 (PCV7-cohort), DTaP-IPV-Hib + PCV10 (PCV10-cohort), and DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB + PCV10 (HepB-cohort). Parents were asked to report in questionnaires local reactions and systemic adverse events (AEs) before and after vaccination of their infant at 2, 3, 4, and 11 months of age...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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