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Antoine Mantilleri, Luca Bartolozzi, Alessandra Sforzi
Eighty-four species of Brentidae (not including Apioninae) are listed from Peru, 13 presently only known from this country. Stereodermus platycornis Mantilleri, sp. nov. and Teramocerus spathulifer Mantilleri, sp. nov., are described from Tambopata Province. A micropterous species, Stereodermus micropterus Mantilleri, sp. nov., is described from Alto Madre de Dios River. Stereodermus barbirostris Sharp, 1895, S. breviceps Sharp, 1895, S. nigriceps Sharp, 1895, Pertusius errabundus (Kleine, 1927), Rugosacratus punctirostris (Boheman, 1840), Teramocerus appendiculatus (Soares & Scivittaro, 1972), T...
January 16, 2017: Zootaxa
Rajaa Abutheraa, Navam Hettiarachchy, Geetha Kumar-Phillips, Ronny Horax, Pengyin Chen, Ruben Morawicki, Young Min Kwon
Soybean hulls or seed coats consist of complex carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and polyphenols such as anthocyanidins, proanthocyanidins, and isoflavones. The polyphenolics in the seed coats give them various colors such as black, brown, green, yellow, or even a mottled appearance. In this study, the antimicrobial effects of phenolic extracts from the seed coats of different colored soybeans (yellow, dark brown, brown, and black) were evaluated against foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Campylobacter jejuni in broth-cultures as well as on chicken skin...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Food Science
D A Moo-Llanes, W Arque-Chunga, O Carmona-Castro, C Yañez-Arenas, H H Yañez-Trujillano, L Cheverría-Pacheco, C M Baak-Baak, A G Cáceres
The Peruvian Andes presents a climate suitable for many species of sandfly that are known vectors of leishmaniasis or bartonellosis, including Lutzomyia peruensis (Diptera: Psychodidae), among others. In the present study, occurrences data for Lu. peruensis were compiled from several items in the scientific literature from Peru published between 1927 and 2015. Based on these data, ecological niche models were constructed to predict spatial distributions using three algorithms [Support vector machine (SVM), the Genetic Algorithm for Rule-set Prediction (GARP) and Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt)]...
February 2, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Ahmad Sheibaninia, Anahita Salehi, Armen Asatourian
BACKGROUND: Titanium-molybdenum alloy (TMA) and stainless steel (SS) wires are commonly used in orthodontics as arch-wires for tooth movement. However, plastic deformation phenomenon in these arch-wires seems to be a major concern among orthodontists. This study aimed to compare the mechanical properties of TMA and SS wires with different dimensions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two wire samples (36 TMA and 36 SS) of three different sizes (19×25, 17×25 and 16×22) were analyzed in vitro, with 12 samples in each group...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Elizabeth R C Geddes, Ashlyn B Stout, Paul M Friedman
BACKGROUND: Melasma presents a significant challenge to laser surgeons. Aggressive treatments often result in rebound melasma or post-inflammatory pigmentary alteration. Recent reports suggest melasma pathogenesis may have a vascular component. Spectrocolorimetry can detect subtle or sub-clinical telangiectatic erythema within melasma lesions. For certain patients identified by spectrocolorimetry, effective melasma treatment may include vascular-targeted therapy together with pigment-specific treatment modalities...
January 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Péter Bősze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Peter Vďačný, Wilhelm Foissner
Six metopid ciliates from soil of the Murray River floodplain in Australia were studied using live observation, various silver impregnation methods, scanning electron microscopy, and multivariate statistics. One of the species is affiliated with M. setosus while the others represent new taxa. Metopus filum nov. spec. is distinguished from most congeners by the slender body, the absence of cortical granules, and the low number of ciliary rows and adoral polykinetids. Metopus palaeformides nov. spec. most resembles Heterometopus palaeformis (Kahl, 1927) Foissner, 2016b but they can be distinguished by body size, the number of adoral polykinetids, and the oral area pattern...
December 13, 2016: European Journal of Protistology
Ken H M Ho, Vico C L Chiang, Doris Leung
AIMS: This paper discusses the ways researchers may become open to manifold interpretations of lived experience through thematic analysis that follows the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology. BACKGROUND: Martin Heidegger's thinking about historical contexts of understandings and the notions of 'alētheia' and 'techne' disclose what he called meaning of lived experience, as the 'unchanging Being of changing beings'. While these notions remain central to hermeneutic phenomenological research, novice phenomenologists usually face the problem of how to incorporate these philosophical tenets into thematic analysis...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Hilary Reich, Irmina Wallander, Lacie Schulte, Molly Goodier, Brian Zelickson
METHODS: In this split-face, evaluator-blinded study, 18 subjects were randomly assigned to receive either the SSR or NFL treatments on each side of the face. For the SSR facial sides subjects followed two morning-evening regimens. On the NFL sides subjects were treated 3 times with the 1927-nm laser at 4-week intervals. Three physician evaluators were asked to rate hyperpigmentation, global photoaging, and ne lines and wrinkles for each side of the face at baseline and at 3 months using a 5-point scale...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Martyn Thomas
Alfred Caleb Taylor was the first radiographer at the Peterborough Infirmary and Dispensary from 1896 to 1923. He constructed the first X-ray apparatus and oversaw the development of the X-ray service in Peterborough. He contracted a chronic radiation dermatitis from exposure to X-rays which was a source of considerable suffering for him. When he died in 1927, X-ray dermatitis was considered to have contributed to his death, and he was recognised as an X-ray martyr and a victim of science. In spite of his achievements and his ill-health from working with X-rays, his name is not included on the Martyrs Memorial in Hamburg...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
Maree Teesson, Christina Marel, Shane Darke, Joanne Ross, Tim Slade, Lucy Burns, Michael Lynskey, Sonja Memedovic, Joanne White, Katherine L Mills
AIMS: To identify trajectories of heroin use in Australia, predictors of trajectory group membership, and subsequent outcomes, among people with heroin dependence over 10-11-years. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 615 participants were recruited between 2001-2002 as part of the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (66.2% male; mean age 29). The predominance of the cohort (87...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
Uwe Hoßfeld, Elizabeth Watts, Georgy S Levit
Valentin Haecker is one of the forerunners of experimental biology, genetics, and developmental physiology. Haecker introduced the term Phänogenetik (phenogenetics) in 1918 in Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Eigenschaftsanalyse (Evolutionary Analysis of Characters), in which he described the earliest stages in the development of the phenotype. (1) His major objective in this publication was to integrate the two most important concepts of Mendelian genetics-phenotype and genotype-within a well-articulated theory...
January 6, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Poonam Singh, Mercy Aparna L Lingala, Soma Sarkar, Ramesh C Dhiman
Malaria is one of the six major vector-borne diseases in India, the endemicity of which changes with changes in ecological, climatic, and sociodevelopmental conditions. The anopheline vectors are greatly affected by ecological conditions such as deforestation, urbanization, climate and lifestyle. Despite the advent of tools such as Geographic Information System (GIS), the updated information on the distribution of anopheline vectors of malaria is not available. In India, the plan for vector control is organized at subcentral level but information about vectors is unavailable even at the district level...
February 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Steven R Cohen, Ashley Goodacre, Soobin Lim, Jennifer Johnston, Cory Henssler, Brian Jeffers, Ahmad Saad, Tracy Leong
BACKGROUND: Fractional lasers were introduced to provide increased safety, while maintaining high efficacy and patient satisfaction. Patients with virtually all Fitzpatrick skin types could be safely treated using a wide spectrum of wavelengths and a broad array of skin conditions, and aging could be addressed. Although safety studies have been reported for ablative CO2 and erbium lasers, surprisingly few data are available on adverse events and complications associated with fractional lasers...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Katarzyna Krysztopa-Grzybowska, Anna Lutyńska
Tuberculosis was, and still is, one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Thus it still remains a public health priority. Nonetheless, without a newly developed vaccine, it is rather unlikely to be easily resolved. The only available vaccine against tuberculosis (BCG) has been used for nearly 100 years. Currently a variety of BCG substrains are used by many manufacturers in the world. All these substrains were obtained from a single parental strain of Mycobacterium bovis. Attempts to explain the complete mechanisms of attenuation, as well as tracing the microevolution resulting from the different distribution time and conditions of production of BCG vaccines in the different parts of the world, might explain the differences in the observed efficacy of vaccines produced with different substrains...
December 21, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Libby Callaway, Joanne Enticott, Louise Farnworth, Rachael McDonald, Christine Migliorini, Barry Willer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Australia's National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is designed to influence home, social and economic participation for Scheme participants. Given the major disability reform underway, this pilot study aimed to: (i) examine community integration outcomes of people with spinal cord injury (SCI); (ii) compare findings with multiple matched controls and (iii) consider findings within the context of Australia's NDIS. METHODS: Setting: Victoria, Australia...
December 27, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Peter K L Ng, Peter Castro
The family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964, is revised based on the examination of the type material of many of its species as well as unidentified and previously identified material from around the world. The revised family now consists of three subfamilies comprising 16 genera (including eight described as new) and 51 species (including 19 described as new). The subfamily Chasmocarciinae Serène, 1964, consists of Amboplax n. gen. with one species; Angustopelta n. gen. with four species, two of which are new; Camatopsis Alcock & Anderson, 1899, with six species, five of which are new; Chasmocarcinops Alcock, 1900, with one species; Chasmocarcinus Rathbun, 1898, with 11 species, one of which is new; Chinommatia n...
December 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Agripina Raşcu, Eugenia Naghi, Marina Ruxandra OŢelea, Floarea Mimi NiŢu, Oana Cristina Arghir
Asbestos is a mineral-mined form the rocks, consisting in amosite (brown asbestos), crocidolite (blue asbestos) and÷or chrysotile (white asbestos) used in many industries. Researches about the exposure to asbestos dust and asbestosis related diseases started almost a century ago. The first case report of fatal asbestosis disease was published in 1906, in England, by Dr. Hubert Montague Murray. A decade after, asbestos "curious bodies" were firstly described in the lung tissue by Cooke (1926) and McDonald (1927)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Adam Broadley, Ellen Kauschke, Werner Mohrig
A total of 27 male sciarid types described by Skuse (1888 and 1890), held in the Australian National Insect Collection, Canberra, and the Australian Museum, Sydney, were remounted and examined microscopically. Of these, 25 species were described as Sciara Meigen, one as Zygoneura Meigen and one as Trichosia Winnertz. Revision of these species revealed the following: 13 species belong to the genus Bradysia Winnertz (B. amabilis, B. conjuncta, B. crassicornis, B. exsequialis, B. frequens, B. froggatti, B. luctifica, B...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
Jeroen VAN Steenis, Antonio Ricarte, Ante Vujić, Daniele Birtele, Martin C D Speight
The West-Palaearctic cerioidines (Syrphidae: Cerioidini) are revised, including species of the genera Ceriana Rafinesque, Primocerioides Shannon, and Sphiximorpha Rondani. Three new species are described, Ceriana glaebosa van Steenis & Ricarte sp. n. (Cyprus), Ceriana media van Steenis & Ricarte sp. n. (Afghanistan and Iran) and Ceriana skevingtoni van Steenis & Ricarte sp. n. (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran). The following names are proposed as junior synonyms: Cerioides caucasicus Paramonov, 1927 [= Ceriana conopsoides (Linnaeus, 1758)], Ceria binominata Verrall, 1901 [= Sphiximorpha garibaldii (Rondani, 1860)], Ceriana worelli, Brădescu, 1972b [= Sphiximorpha garibaldii (Rondani, 1860)] and Sphiximorpha hiemalis Ricarte, Nedeljković & Hancock, 2012 [= Primocerioides regale Violovitsh, 1985]...
November 22, 2016: Zootaxa
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