Read by QxMD icon Read


A J Fleming, D Monty Wood, M Alex Smith, Winnie Hallwachs, Daniel H Janzen
Background: Twenty-three new species of the genus Calolydella Townsend, 1927 (Diptera: Tachinidae) are described, all reared from multiple species of wild-caught caterpillars across a wide variety of families (Lepidoptera: Crambidae; Erebidae; Geometridae; Hesperiidae; Lycaenidae; Nymphalidae; Pieridae; Riodinidae; and Sphingidae). All caterpillars were collected within Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG), in northwestern Costa Rica. This study provides a concise description of each new species using morphology, life history, molecular data, and photographic documentation...
2018: Biodiversity Data Journal
Antony Gatebe Kironji, Peter Hodkinson, Sarah Stewart de Ramirez, Trisha Anest, Lee Wallis, Junaid Razzak, Alexander Jenson, Bhakti Hansoti
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital emergency care (OHEC), also known as prehospital care, has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from serious illness. We sought to summarize literature for low and low-middle income countries to identify barriers to and key interventions for OHEC delivery. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the peer reviewed literature from January 2005 to March 2015 in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science. All articles referencing research from low and low-middle income countries addressing OHEC, emergency medical services, or transport/transfer of patients were included...
April 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Tracey A Revenson
Presents an obituary of Dorothy G. Singer (1927-2016) who passed away on November 19, 2016, at Yale New Haven Hospital, at the age of 89. Singer was a professor, research scientist, consultant, child therapist, and author. As the author or coauthor of more than 25 books and 200 scientific and popular articles, Singer brought new insights to child development, particularly in the areas of imaginative play and the effects of TV on children. She was a tireless advocate for the power of play in children's lives...
April 2018: American Psychologist
Md Zeeshan, Abhijeet K Jha, R K P Chaudhary
Olmsted syndrome (OS) is a rare congenital, mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma first described by Olmsted in 1927. It starts in the neonatal period or in childhood, and has a slow but progressive disabling course. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with keratoderma of the palm and soles since childhood with lateral supraciliary madarosis and clubbing. The patient was started on oral retinoids and topical keratolytics and had partial improvement in 2 months. Keratoderma of the palms and soles along with lateral supraciliary madarosis and clubbing in our case is a very rare finding, and to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported so far...
March 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Laura Martín-Torrijos, Tadashi Kawai, Jenny Makkonen, Japo Jussila, Harri Kokko, Javier Diéguez-Uribeondo
Global introductions of aquatic species and their associated pathogens are threatening worldwide biodiversity. The introduction of two North American crayfish species, Procambarus clarkii and Pacifastacus leniusculus, into Japan in 1927 seems to have negatively affected native Japanese crayfish populations of Cambaroides japonicus. Several studies have shown the decline of these native populations due to competition, predation and habitat colonization by the two invasive North American crayfish species. Here, we identify an additional factor contributing to this decline...
2018: PloS One
Adam J Brunke, Stylianos Chatzimanolis
The species of poorly known but charismatic genera Haematodes Laporte, 1835 and Weiserianum Bernhauer, 1927 are revised. Weiserianum syn. nov. is considered a junior synonym of Haematodes , with Haematodes kuntzeni (Scheerpeltz, 1936) comb. nov. Weiserianum woltersi Bernhauer, 1927 syn. nov. is treated as a synonym of Haematodes tenuipes Kraatz, 1858. Haematodes myteros sp. nov. , is described from Paraguay and Brazil. As the type series of Haematodes bicolor Laporte, 1835 is considered lost, a neotype, selected from the original type locality is designated...
2018: PeerJ
S P Fenemor, A R Homer, T L Perry, C M Skeaff, M C Peddie, N J Rehrer
AIMS: To quantify and compare energy utilization associated with prolonged sitting alone, or interrupted with regular activity breaks and/or an additional bout of continuous physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty six adults (11 males, BMI 24.1 ± 4.6) completed four interventions: (1) prolonged sitting (SIT), (2) sitting with 2-min of walking every 30 min (RAB), (3) prolonged sitting with 30-min of continuous walking at the end of the day (SIT + PA), (4) a combination of the activities in (2) and (3) above (RAB + PA)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Hui Chang, Jia-Wang Wei, Kai Chen, Shu Zhang, Fei Han, Li-Xia Lu, Wei-Wei Xiao, Yuan-Hong Gao
Background: In the era of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), distant metastasis remains the major cause of death from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of pretreatment serum lipid profiles in predicting clinical outcome of NPC. Methodology / Principal Findings: A total of 1927 consecutive patients who had untreated NPC and completed radical IMRT between Jan. 2010 and Dec. 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Pretreatment serum lipid indexes including total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-I (apoAI) and apolipoprotein B were analyzed for their association with survivals, together with the clinical features (age, sex, pathological type, anemia, chemotherapy sequence and Epstein-Barr virus deoxyribonucleic acid)...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Hanne Rosendahl-Riise, Therese Karlsson, Christian A Drevon, Ellen M Apalset, Ottar K Nygård, Grethe S Tell, Jutta Dierkes
PURPOSE: Fish is a source of various nutrients beneficial for bone health, but few studies have investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and fish consumption. Thus, the aim was to investigate the relationship between total fish intake and BMD and between both lean and fatty fish intake and BMD. METHOD: These cross-sectional analyses include 4656 participants in the Hordaland Health Study, a community-based study conducted in 1997-1999. The study includes two birth cohorts of men and women from Hordaland county (Norway) born in 1950-1951 and 1925-1927...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Frederick L Grover
W. Gerald Rainer, the 25th President of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and a founding member of the STS, died suddenly on November 14, 2017, one day after celebrating his 90th birthday with his family. He will be remembered as a superb private practice Cardiothoracic Surgeon who also participated in research, had a strong commitment to the community and the University of Colorado, and a superb record of service to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and other professional societies.
March 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Yanyan Liu, Okechukwu C Ndumnego, Tingting Chen, Ryung S Kim, Elizabeth R Jenny-Avital, Thumbi Ndung'u, Douglas Wilson, Jacqueline M Achkar
Sputum smear-negative HIV-associated active tuberculosis (TB) is challenging to diagnose. CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor that is known to mediate monocyte activation. Prior studies have shown increased levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14) as a potential biomarker for TB, but little is known about its value in detecting smear-negative HIV-associated TB. We optimized a sandwich ELISA for the detection of sCD14, and tested sera from 56 smear-negative South African (39 culture-positive and 17 culture-negative) HIV-infected pulmonary TB patients and 24 South African and 43 US (21 positive and 22 negative for tuberculin skin test, respectively) HIV-infected controls...
February 27, 2018: Pathogens
Eduardo de Almeida Guimarães Nogueira, Vitor Martinez de Carvalho, Marcos Vinicius de Queiroz, Gleysson Rodrigues Rosa, Yara Dadalti Fragoso
Augusta Marie Déjerine-Klumpke (1859-1927) was a formidable neurologist, neuroanatomist and researcher in France. One of the first women to be accepted for medical internship, externship and research in Paris, Augusta made her name studying and teaching anatomy, histology and dissection, attending clinical activities in neurology, obstetrics, pediatrics and neurologic trauma, performing necropsies, and writing scientific papers and book chapters. Her main research in neurology awarded her an eponym for the avulsion of the lowest root of the brachial plexus (Klumpke's palsy)...
February 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Natale G De Santo, Rosa Maria De Santo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Adalberto Alves Pereira-Filho, Raquel Silva Fonteles, Maria da Conceição Abreu Bandeira, Jorge Luiz Pinto Moraes, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo, Maria Norma Melo
Sand flies are very common in the region of Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, an important tourist attraction in Brazil. However, the role of some species and their relative importance locally in Leishmania Ross 1903 transmission is unclear. The objective of this study was to identify Leishmania infection in phlebotomine sand flies collected around the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, an important conservation area and popular international/national tourist destination with a high incidence of leishmaniasis...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Jonathan D Kaunitz, Yasutada Akiba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Rafael N Carvalho
Paradiscocyrtus neglectus Mello-Leitão, 1927 is here redescribed and for the first time illustrated. A neotype is proposed to clarify the taxonomic status of this species and to differentiate it from the other two species of Paradiscocyrtus and related genera (e.g., Discocyrtus). Two junior synonyms of this species, currently allocated in Discocyrtus Holmberg, 1876 are here detected. This harvestman is endemic from areas above 2000 meters of altitude, occurring in the Campos Rupestres montane savannas terrestrial eco-region in the states of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
February 16, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
M S Balathanigaimani, Md Belal Haider, Divyam Jha, Rakesh Kumar, Seung Jae Lee, Wang Geun Shim, Ho Kyong Shon, Sang Chai Kim, Hee Moon
The present work describes the preparation of carbon materials from beer lees and their hydrogen adsorption abilities. Activated carbons (ACs) from beer lees were prepared through chemical activation using potassium hydroxide as an activating agent. The low temperature nitrogen adsorption isotherm studies on prepared ACs were conducted at 77 K to determine their physical properties and adsorption energy distribution. The beer lees based carbons have energetically heterogeneous surfaces and high surface area ranging from 1927-2408 m2/g...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Évelyne Diebolt
A Frenchwoman, Anna Hamilton (1864-1935), daughter of a Franco-English couple, reads with passion the works of Florence Nightingale and takes an interest in nursing. In order to practice it, she first passes the equivalent of a bachelor's degree in self-education and registers at the Marseille medical school. She wants to prepare a medical thesis on the nursing staff in the hospitals in Europe and is conducting an investigation throughout Europe. She passed her thesis on June 15, 1900 entitled ?Considerations on hospital nurses?...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
J Denry Sato, Tetsuji Okamoto, David Barnes, Jun Hayashi, Ginette Serrero, Wallace L McKeehan
Gordon H. Sato, an innovator in mammalian tissue culture and integrated cellular physiology, passed away in 2017. In tribute to Dr. Sato, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Animal presents a collection of invited remembrances from six colleagues whose associations with Dr. Sato spanned more than 40 years. Dr. Sato was a past president of the Tissue Culture Association (now the Society for In Vitro Biology), editor-in-chief of In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology (1987-1991), and the recipient of the lifetime achievement award from the Society for In Vitro Biology (2002)...
February 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"