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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521908/differentiating-between-rhinosinusitis-and-mastoiditis-surgery-from-postmortem-medical-training-a-study-of-two-identified-skulls-and-hospital-records-from-early-20th-century-coimbra-portugal
#1
Bruno M Magalhães, Célia Lopes, Ana Luísa Santos
Differentiating between medical procedures performed antemortem, perimortem or postmortem in skeletal remains can be a major challenge. This work aims to present evidence of procedures to treat rhinosinusitis (RS) and mastoiditis, suggest criteria for the diagnosis of frontal sinus disease, and frame the individuals described in their medical historical context. In the International Exchange collection, the skull (878) of a 24-year-old male, who died in 1933 due to frontal sinusitis and meningitis, presents evidence of a trepanation above the right frontonasal suture, and micro/macroporosity on the superciliary arches...
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465476/genetic-variation-and-forensic-efficiency-of-autosomal-insertion-deletion-polymorphisms-in-chinese-bai-ethnic-group-phylogenetic-analysis-to-other-populations
#2
Chun-Hua Yang, Cai-Yong Yin, Chun-Mei Shen, Yu-Xin Guo, Qian Dong, Jiang-Wei Yan, Hong-Dan Wang, Yu-Dang Zhang, Hao-Tian Meng, Rui Jin, Feng Chen, Bo-Feng Zhu
Thirty insertion/deletion loci were utilized to study the genetic diversities of 125 bloodstain samples collected from Bai group in Yunnan Dali region, China. The observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity of the 30 loci ranged from 0.1520 to 0.5680, and 0.1927 to 0.4997, respectively. No deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium tests after Bonferroni correction were found at all 30 loci in Bai group. The cumulative probability of exclusion and combined discrimination power were 0.9859 and 0.9999999999887, respectively, which indicated the 30 loci could be used as complementary genetic markers for paternity testing and were qualified for personal identification in forensic cases...
April 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464494/high-arctic-summer-warming-tracked-by-increased-cassiope-tetragona-growth-in-the-world-s-northernmost-polar-desert
#3
Stef Weijers, Agata Buchwal, Daan Blok, Jörg Löffler, Bo Elberling
Rapid climate warming has resulted in shrub expansion, mainly of erect deciduous shrubs in the Low Arctic, but the more extreme, sparsely vegetated, cold and dry High Arctic, is generally considered to remain resistant to such shrub expansion in the next decades. Dwarf shrub dendrochronology may reveal climatological causes of past changes in growth, but is hindered at many High Arctic sites by short and fragmented instrumental climate records. Moreover, only few High Arctic shrub chronologies cover the recent decade of substantial warming...
May 2, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455755/is-early-embryo-development-as-observed-by-time-lapse-microscopy-dependent-on-whether-fresh-or-frozen-sperm-was-used-for-icsi-a-cohort-study
#4
Jessica Eastick, Christos Venetis, Simon Cooke, Ashleigh Storr, Daisy Susetio, Michael Chapman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare timings of key events of embryo development from those originating from either fresh or cryopreserved ejaculate sperm using time-lapse technology. METHODS: In this retrospective observational cohort study, time-lapse technology was used to monitor 1927 embryos from 234 women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and utilizing either fresh (n = 172 cycles) or cryopreserved ejaculate sperm (n = 62 cycles) for insemination were included in the study...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454644/genetic-diversity-of-immune-related-antigens-in-region-of-difference-2-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains
#5
Yi Jiang, Haican Liu, Xuezhi Wang, Shiqi Xiao, Machao Li, Guilian Li, Lili Zhao, Xiuqin Zhao, Xiangfeng Dou, Kanglin Wan
Region of Difference 2 (RD2) was lost during the ongoing propagation of BCG between 1927 and 1931, a time that coincides with reports of the ongoing attenuation of the vaccine. Some data demonstrate that RD2 plays a role in mycobacterial virulence, and that its deletion from Mycobacterium tuberculosis leads to a decrease in bacterial growth in both a macrophage and a murine model. Human T-cell epitopes of M. tuberculosis are evolutionarily hyperconserved and thus it was deduced that M. tuberculosis lacks antigenic variation and immune evasion...
May 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446932/telemedical-assessment-of-the-level-of-energy-expenditure-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals
#6
Tomasz Saran, Jakub Owoc, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing the energy expenditure above the elementary level of metabolism by undertaking regular physical activity causes body mass reduction and its maintenance at a healthy level. AIM: To remote assessment of the level of physical activity in a group of overweight and obese individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted in the Department of Rehabilitation at the Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland, and included a group of 514 volunteers of both genders (38 ±12 years)...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446520/obituary-tokindo-s-okada-1927-2017
#7
Hisato Kondoh, Harukazu Nakamura
Hisato Kondoh and Harukazu Nakamura look back at the life and career of their mentor Tokindo S. Okada, a pioneer of Japanese developmental biology.
April 26, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438330/demonic-possession-by-jean-lhermitte
#8
E Drouin, T Péréon, Y Péréon
The name of the French neurologist and psychiatrist Jean Lhermitte (1877-1959) is most often associated with the sign he described back in 1927 in three patients with multiple sclerosis. We are reporting unpublished handwritten notes by Jean Lhermitte about 'demonic possession', which date from the 1950s. Drawing from his experiences in neuropsychiatry, Lhermitte gathered notable case reviews as well as individual case histories. For him, cases of demonic possession are of a psychiatric nature with social background exerting a strong influence...
April 21, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436150/george%C3%A2-a-olah-1927-2017
#9
G K Surya Prakash
George Andrew Olah, Founding Director, Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute at the University of Southern California, passed away on March 8, 2017. Olah was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1994 for his work on the stabilization of carbocations in superacids. In recent years he was highly active in establishing a methanol economy, in which carbon dioxide is converted to methanol for use as a fuel or feedstock.
April 24, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431136/c1-lateral-mass-displacement-and-transverse-atlantal-ligament-failure-in-jefferson-s-fracture-a-biomechanical-study-of-the-rule-of-spence
#10
Rafeek O Woods, Serkan Inceoglu, Yusuf T Akpolat, Wayne K Cheng, Brice Jabo, Olumide Danisa
BACKGROUND: Jefferson's fracture, first described in 1927, represents a bursting fracture of the C1 ring with lateral displacement of the lateral masses. It has been determined that if the total lateral mass displacement (LMD) exceeds 6.9 mm, there is high likelihood of transverse atlantal ligament (TAL) rupture, and if LMD is less than 5.7 mm TAL injury is unlikely. Several recent radiographic studies have questioned the accuracy and validity of the "rule of Spence" and it lacks biomechanical support...
April 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427478/morphological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-malayfilaria-sofiani-uni-mat-udin-takaoka-n-g-n-sp-nematoda-filarioidea-from-the-common-treeshrew-tupaia-glis-diard-duvaucel-mammalia-scandentia-in-peninsular-malaysia
#11
Shigehiko Uni, Ahmad Syihan Mat Udin, Takeshi Agatsuma, Weerachai Saijuntha, Kerstin Junker, Rosli Ramli, Hasmahzaiti Omar, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Sinnadurai Sivanandam, Emilie Lefoulon, Coralie Martin, Daicus Martin Belabut, Saharul Kasim, Muhammad Rasul Abdullah Halim, Nur Afiqah Zainuri, Subha Bhassu, Masako Fukuda, Makoto Matsubayashi, Masashi Harada, Van Lun Low, Chee Dhang Chen, Narifumi Suganuma, Rosli Hashim, Hiroyuki Takaoka, Mohd Sofian Azirun
BACKGROUND: The filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877), Brugia malayi (Brug, 1927) and B. timori Partono, Purnomo, Dennis, Atmosoedjono, Oemijati & Cross, 1977 cause lymphatic diseases in humans in the tropics, while B. pahangi (Buckley & Edeson, 1956) infects carnivores and causes zoonotic diseases in humans in Malaysia. Wuchereria bancrofti, W. kalimantani Palmieri, Pulnomo, Dennis & Marwoto, 1980 and six out of ten Brugia spp. have been described from Australia, Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka and India...
April 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407391/in-memoriam-ulf-lindblom-1927-2017
#12
P Hansson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407207/in-memoriam-gilbert-w-meier-1927-2016
#13
Richard P Meier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406205/george-andrew-olah-1927-2017
#14
Thomas Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402996/lars-vistnes-md-1927-2016
#15
William Lineaweaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397646/relocating-pastorian-medicine-accommodation-and-acclimatization-of-pastorian-practices-against-smallpox-at-the-pasteur-institute-of-chengdu-china-1908-1927
#16
Chien-Ling Liu
Argument Revising the diffusionist view of current scholarship on the Pasteur Institutes in China, this paper demonstrates the ways in which local networks and circumstances informed the circulation and construction of knowledge and practices relating to smallpox prophylaxis in the Southwest of China during the early twentieth century. I argue that the Pasteur Institute of Chengdu did not operate in a natural continuity with the preceding local French medical institutions, but rather presented an intentional break from them...
March 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396488/do-you-see-what-i-see-optical-morphology-and-visual-capability-of-disco-clams-ctenoides-ales
#17
Lindsey F Dougherty, Richard R Dubielzig, Charles S Schobert, Leandro B Teixeira, Jingchun Li
The 'disco' clam Ctenoides ales (Finlay, 1927) is a marine bivalve that has a unique, vivid flashing display that is a result of light scattering by silica nanospheres and rapid mantle movement. The eyes of C. ales were examined to determine their visual capabilities and whether the clams can see the flashing of conspecifics. Similar to the congener C. scaber, C. ales exhibits an off-response (shadow reflex) and an on-response (light reflex). In field observations, a shadow caused a significant increase in flash rate from a mean of 3...
May 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382523/norman-s-wolf-d-v-m-ph-d-1927-2017-experimental-pathologist-and-geroscientist
#18
EDITORIAL
George M Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357541/obituary-hans-j%C3%A3-rgen-rehm-1927-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356435/robert-proulx-heaney-md-1927-2016
#20
Connie M Weaver, Joan M Lappe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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