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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241358/criticisms-of-kraepelin-s-psychiatric-nosology-1896-1927
#1
Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom
Emil Kraepelin's psychiatric nosology, proposed in the 5th and 6th editions of his textbook published in 1896 and 1899, did not quickly gain worldwide acceptance, but was instead met with substantial and sustained criticism. The authors review critiques of Kraepelin's work published in his lifetime by Adolf Meyer, Friedrich Jolly, Eugenio Tanzi, Alfred Hoche, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach. These critics made six major points. First, Kraepelin's new categories of dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity were too broad and too heterogeneous...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240938/in-memoriam-mary-ellen-dandy-marmaduke-1927-to-2017
#2
Polly Marmaduke, Susan Marmaduke, Maggie Breitenstein, Nate Selden, Kim Burchiel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240046/what-is-the-origin-of-the-italian-term-medico-competente
#3
Michele Augusto Riva, Francesco Carnevale
BACKGROUND: The meaning of the term "medico competente" - usually adopted in Italy to indicate the occupational physician - is little known. OBJECTIVES: To describe the origins of the word "medico competente" in Italy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive analysis of the Italian legislation from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day. RESULTS: In the United Kingdom, occupational physicians were originally named as "certifying surgeon" (1833) and "appointed surgeon" (1860)...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229210/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-chronic-pain-experience-of-niger
#4
Hamid Assadeck, Moussa Toudou Daouda, Fatimata Hassane Djibo, Djibo Douma Maiga, Eric Adehossi Omar
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is a major health problem, considered as a disease in its own right. The prevalence of chronic pain is estimated to be between 2% and 40% in adult populations. In Niger, there are no data on chronic pain. AIMS: This study was designed to provide the demographic, clinical and etiological profile of chronic pain in patients from Niger in order to create a database on chronic pain in Niger. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study is prospectively conducted at the department of external consultation of the Hôpital National de Niamey over a period of 10 months from 31 May 2016 to 30 January 2017 collecting all cases of chronic pain...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207903/professor-klaus-g%C3%A3-rtner-1927-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193456/in-memoriam-geoffrey-ainsworth-harrison-1927-2017
#6
Gary D James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172584/from-print-to-digital-1985-2015-apa-s-evolving-role-in-psychological-publishing
#7
Gary R VandenBos
Knowledge dissemination plays an important role in all scientific fields. The American Psychological Association's (APA) journal publication program was established in 1927. During the 1960s, the Psychological Abstracts publication was computerized. In the mid-1980s, a reenergizing of APA Publishing began, with the establishment of the APA Books Program, as well as the movement of abstracts to CD-ROMs. This article describes the 30-year program of expansion of APA Publishing, covering the period from 1985 through 2015...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149678/housing-conditions-and-birth-outcomes-the-national-child-development-study
#8
Emily W Harville, Felicia A Rabito
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance to respiratory and other health outcomes, housing conditions have been little-studied with respect to perinatal outcomes. METHODS: 1927 participants in the British National Child Development Study reported on housing conditions and pregnancy outcomes, including presence/severity of mold/dampness; type of heating; and whether remodeling of various sorts had been conducted. Crowding, based on the number of people in the residence and the number of rooms, was also considered...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134019/the-cockroach-genus-sorineuchora-caudell-1927-from-china-blattodea-ectobiidae-pseudophyllodromiinae
#9
Meng Li, Yan-Li Che, Yu-Hong Zheng, Zong-Qing Wang
In this paper, three new species (S. bimaculatasp. n., S. viridissp. n., and S. hispidasp. n.) and five known species, S. formosana (Matsumura, 1913), S. nigra (Shiraki, 1908), S. shanensis (Princis, 1950), S. bivitta (Bey-Bienko, 1969), and S. undulata (Bey-Bienko, 1958), are described and illustrated. Sorineuchora undulata was previously synonymized with S. nigra, and is now reinstated as a valid species. A key to the males of Sorineuchora from China is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114353/a-chromosomal-analysis-of-nepa-cinerea-linnaeus-1758-and-ranatra-linearis-linnaeus-1758-heteroptera-nepidae
#10
Robert B Angus, Constance Jeangirard, Desislava Stoianova, Snejana Grozeva, Valentina G Kuznetsova
An account is given of the karyotypes and male meiosis of the Water Scorpion Nepa cinerea Linnaeus, 1758 and the Water Stick Insect Ranatra linearis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Heteroptera, Nepomorpha, Nepidae). A number of different approaches and techniques were tried: the employment of both male and female gonads and mid-guts as the sources of chromosomes, squash and air-drying methods for chromosome preparations, C-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosome study. We found that N. cinerea had a karyotype comprising 14 pairs of autosomes and a multiple sex chromosome system, which is X1X2X3X4Y (♂) / X1X1X2X2X3X3X4X4 (♀), whereas R...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097924/meta-analysis-of-the-correlation-between-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-and-standardized-uptake-value-in-malignant-disease
#11
REVIEW
Shengming Deng, Zhifang Wu, Yiwei Wu, Wei Zhang, Jihui Li, Na Dai, Bin Zhang, Jianhua Yan
The objective of this meta-analysis is to explore the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on diffusion-weighted MR and the standard uptake value (SUV) of (18)F-FDG on PET/CT in patients with cancer. Databases such as PubMed (MEDLINE included), EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Review were searched for relevant original articles that explored the correlation between SUV and ADC in English. After applying Fisher's r-to-z transformation, correlation coefficient (r) values were extracted from each study and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093177/leaf-anatomy-of-a-late-palaeozoic-cycad
#12
Zhuo Feng, Yong Lv, Yun Guo, Hai-Bo Wei, Hans Kerp
Today, cycads are a small group of gymnospermous plants with a limited distribution in the (sub)tropics, but they were major constituents of Mesozoic floras. Fossil leaves sporadically found in latest Carboniferous and Permian floras have putatively been ascribed to cycads. However, their true affinity remains unclear due to the lack of anatomical evidence. Virtually all modern cycads have pinnate leaves, but this type of leaf morphology is by no means unique for cycads. Pinnate leaves of Plagiozamites oblongifolius Halle 1927 with well-preserved cuticles showing the epidermal anatomy are here described from the upper Permian Xuanwei Formation of Yunnan Province, Southwest China...
November 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072518/mary-barkas-at-the-maudsley-1923-1927
#13
Robert M Kaplan
The Maudsley Hospital, reopened in January 1923, became the centre of British psychiatric research and achieved a world-wide reputation. At a time when women were rare in psychiatry, New Zealand-born Mary Barkas was the only woman (and psychoanalyst) among the first four psychiatrists appointed. This paper looks at her role in the early years at the Maudsley. The letters she wrote to her father, often on a daily basis, provide a unique insight to the earliest years of the hospital that was to have such an influence on British psychiatry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069506/-irish-roman-catholic-which-upsets-all-the-people-here-michael-mcdonnell-and-british-colonial-justice-in-mandatory-palestine-1927-1936
#14
Simon Davis
In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. McDonnell prevailed but only at the cost of being characterized lastingly as a pro-Arab, Catholic anti-Semite...
October 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063195/guppies-poecilia-reticulata-introducing-an-alien-parasite-camallanus-cotti-nematoda-camallanidae-to-africa-the-first-report
#15
Sareh Tavakol, Ali Halajian, Willem J Smit, Andre Hoffman, Wilmien J Luus-Powell
Introduced alien fish species and their associated parasites may result in a serious threat to indigenous biodiversity. Furthermore, this may have negative impacts on cultured fish as well as on native parasitic fauna. In the present study, the invasive Asian nematode, Camallanus cotti Fujita, 1927 (Nematoda: Camallanidae), is reported from the guppy (Poecilia reticulata) for the first time in Africa. This parasite is assumed to be introduced into Africa along with the introduction of exotic poeciliid fishes, which are known to be the most common hosts of C...
December 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039112/james-cossar-ewart-and-the-origins-of-the-animal-breeding-research-department-in-edinburgh-1895-1920
#16
Clare Button
In 1919 the Animal Breeding Research Department was established in Edinburgh. This Department, later renamed the Institute of Animal Genetics, forged an international reputation, eventually becoming the centrepiece of a cluster of new genetics research units and institutions in Edinburgh after the Second World War. Yet despite its significance for institutionalising animal genetics research in the UK, the origins and development of the Department have not received as much scholarly attention as its importance warrants...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022229/luciano-martini-1927-2017-a-memoir
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019770/quite-outside-our-imagination-alan-gregg-diary-entries-during-his-trip-to-the-soviet-union-december-1927
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016183/paul-w-thayer-1927-2017
#19
Michael A Campion
Presents an obituary for Paul W. Thayer, who died on January 25, 2017, at the age of 89. Thayer was an industrial and organizational psychologist probably most distinguished by his professional service. He was a fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), American Psychological Society (APS), and Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He received multiple awards for his service, including SIOP's Distinguished Professional Contributions Award (1986) and its Distinguished Service Award (1990), as well as the APA Award for Distinguished Service to Psychological Science (2014)...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016182/martin-m-katz-1927-2017
#20
Anthony J Marsella
Presents an obituary for Martin M. Katz, who passed away on January 12, 2017 in Rockville, Maryland. Katz was the director of clinical research at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH; 1968-1978). Following Katz's retirement from his administration and scientific career at NIMH, he served as professor and director of clinical psychology training at Albert Einstein College of Medicine Medical College in New York (1984-1994). Until his final days, Katz served as a participating and consulting scientist in the longitudinal collaborative research projects he and colleagues initiated to investigate psychopharmacological treatments for depression...
October 2017: American Psychologist
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