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M S Balathanigaimani, Md Belal Haider, Divyam Jha, Rakesh Kumar, Seung Jae Lee, Wang Geun Shim, Ho Kyong Shon, Sang Chai Kim, Hee Moon
The present work describes the preparation of carbon materials from beer lees and their hydrogen adsorption abilities. Activated carbons (ACs) from beer lees were prepared through chemical activation using potassium hydroxide as an activating agent. The low temperature nitrogen adsorption isotherm studies on prepared ACs were conducted at 77 K to determine their physical properties and adsorption energy distribution. The beer lees based carbons have energetically heterogeneous surfaces and high surface area ranging from 1927-2408 m2/g...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Évelyne Diebolt
A Frenchwoman, Anna Hamilton (1864-1935), daughter of a Franco-English couple, reads with passion the works of Florence Nightingale and takes an interest in nursing. In order to practice it, she first passes the equivalent of a bachelor's degree in self-education and registers at the Marseille medical school. She wants to prepare a medical thesis on the nursing staff in the hospitals in Europe and is conducting an investigation throughout Europe. She passed her thesis on June 15, 1900 entitled ?Considerations on hospital nurses?...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
J Denry Sato, Tetsuji Okamoto, David Barnes, Jun Hayashi, Ginette Serrero, Wallace L McKeehan
Gordon H. Sato, an innovator in mammalian tissue culture and integrated cellular physiology, passed away in 2017. In tribute to Dr. Sato, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Animal presents a collection of invited remembrances from six colleagues whose associations with Dr. Sato spanned more than 40 years. Dr. Sato was a past president of the Tissue Culture Association (now the Society for In Vitro Biology), editor-in-chief of In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology (1987-1991), and the recipient of the lifetime achievement award from the Society for In Vitro Biology (2002)...
February 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
V K Rale, V C Kalia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Omar M Amin, Richard A Heckmann, Majid A Bannai
Cavisoma magnum (Southwell, 1927) Van Cleave, 1931 was originally described from a sea bass, Serranus sp. and spotted surgeonfish, Ctenochaetus strigosus (Perciformes) off Sri Lanka before its more recent redescription from milkfish in the Philippines in 1995. These reports were based on only light infections of their host fishes. Of the few flathead grey mullets, Mugil cephalus (Mugilidae), that we examined in the Arabian Gulf, one fish was infected with 1,450 worms. One milkfish, Chanos chanos (Chanidae), from the same location in the Arabian Gulf, was also heavily infected with specimens of C...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Andrea Farkas Patenaude
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Psycho-oncology
Henrice Altink
From 1927 to 1942, the Rockefeller Foundation ran a tuberculosis commission in Jamaica that researched the epidemiology of the disease, examined the efficacy of a vaccine with heat-killed tubercle bacilli, and offered basic treatment to tuberculosis sufferers. Drawing upon diaries and scientific writings by the staff employed by the commission, among other sources, this article explores the role that race played in the tuberculosis commission. It assesses how race shaped the research conducted by the commission, how it informed staff interactions and staff/patient relations, and the clash and/or confluence of "imported" and local racial ideas in the commission's work...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Elizabeth M Miller
Richard E. Scammon's article, "The First Seriatim Study of Human Growth," provided one of the best-known visuals in the field of human biology. Scammon resurrected longitudinal height data of one child from Buffon's Histoire Naturelle, converted them to metric, and plotted these measurements as a function of age. The result was the first graph of one individual's growth curve from birth to 18 years of age. This image was subsequently reproduced in numerous texts on human growth and biology. Published in 1927, Scammon's article provides a snapshot of the state of growth research at the time and gives a (literal) picture of the future of human biology...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Jan Klimas, Huiru Dong, Nadia Fairbairn, Eugenia Socías, Rolando Barrios, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Julio Montaner, M-J Milloy
OBJECTIVES: A growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of injectable diacetylmorphine (i.e., heroin) for individuals with treatment-refractory opioid use disorder. Despite this evidence, and the increasing toll of opioid-associated morbidity and mortality, it remains controversial in some settings. To investigate the possible contribution of heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) to HIV treatment-related outcomes, we sought to estimate the proportion and characteristics of HIV-positive people who inject opioids that might be eligible for HAT in Vancouver, Canada...
February 7, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
T Kan, J Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the behaviour-related factors influencing influenza vaccination among elderly people using a framework derived from the Health Belief Model (HBM) and the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Five databases were searched using predetermined strategies in March 2016, and 1927 citations were identified. Articles were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Key information was extracted from selected studies using a predesigned sheet...
January 26, 2018: Public Health
Richard P Mattick, Philip J Clare, Alexandra Aiken, Monika Wadolowski, Delyse Hutchinson, Jackob Najman, Tim Slade, Raimondo Bruno, Nyanda McBride, Kypros Kypri, Laura Vogl, Louisa Degenhardt
BACKGROUND: Some parents supply alcohol to their children, reportedly to reduce harm, yet longitudinal research on risks associated with such supply is compromised by short periods of observation and potential confounding. We aimed to investigate associations between parental supply and supply from other (non-parental) sources, with subsequent drinking outcomes over a 6-year period of adolescence, adjusting for child, parent, family, and peer variables. METHODS: We did this prospective cohort study using data from the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study cohort of adolescents...
January 25, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Song Xing, María Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez de Castro
This study provides new original data, including the endostructure of most Zhoukoudian H. erectus teeth preserved to date, since the publication of Black in 1927 and Weidenreich in 1937. The new evidence ratifies the similarities of Zhoukoudian with other East Asian mid-Middle Pleistocene hominins such as Hexian and Yiyuan, and allows defining a dental pattern potentially characteristic of this population commonly referred to as classic H. erectus. Given the possible chronological overlaps of classic H. erectus with other archaic Homo, the characterization of this group becomes a key issue when deciphering the taxonomy and evolutionary scenario of the Middle Pleistocene hominins in East Asia...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Giangiacomo Torri, Giuseppe Cassinelli
Heparin and related drugs have contributed in so many different ways to the drug discovery process, and have provided a platform to understand the pathophysiology of vascular and inflammatory diseases for nearly 100 years.
January 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hui Zuo, Grethe S Tell, Per M Ueland, Ottar Nygård, Stein E Vollset, Øivind Midttun, Klaus Meyer, Arve Ulvik
Background: Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is altered during inflammation and immune activation. It is unknown whether altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis is associated with the risk of stroke. Objective: We investigated the relation between the ratio plasma 4-pyridoxic acid: (pyridoxal + pyridoxal-5'-phosphate) (PAr) as an indicator of altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis and the risk of stroke in the general population. Design: We conducted a prospective analysis of the community-based Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) in 6891 adults (born during 1925-1927 and 1950-1951) without known stroke at baseline (1998-1999)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
T Yu Mayor, Yu A Galimova, N G Sheveleva, L V Sukhanova, S V Kirilchik
Lake Baikal is inhabited by a relatively large number of cyclopid species, many of which are endemics. Two genera, Diacyclops Kiefer, 1927 and Acanthocyclops Kiefer, 1927, are the most specious in the lake. Taxonomic discrimination of the majority of representatives of these genera is difficult owing to their high morphological similarities and poor standard description. In this study, a molecular phylogenetic analysis of Lake Baikal members of the Diacyclops/Acanthocyclops group is performed on the basis of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene...
February 2017: Genetika
Jing Zhao, Shujian Zhang
Sixty-seven textbooks in the Republic of China have been collected and divided into three stages according to their editing modes, named the early stage (1912-1927), the middle stage (1928-1939) and the late stage (1940-1949). The traditional teaching material of acupuncture was predominated at the early stage in the textbook compilation; meanwhile the editing mode was simple, and the content of it focuses on meridians, collaterals and acupoints and the modern scientific theories have been preliminarily introduced...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
María Narváez, Roberto Vázquez-Euán, Nigel A Harrison, Germán Nic-Matos, Jean Francois Julia, Jean Luc Dzido, Sandrine Fabre, Michel Dollet, Carlos Oropeza
The present study was carried out to determine if group 16SrIV phytoplasmas, causing lethal yellowing (LY) disease, are present in Haplaxius crudus Van Duzee (Hemiptera: Cixiidae) insects associated with palms in Yucatán, Mexico. Haplaxius crudus feral insects were captured from palm foliage at two locations (Chicxulub Puerto and CICY, Mérida, where LY-type diseases are active) and evaluated individually for the presence of phytoplasma DNA by a group 16SrIV-specific nested PCR assay. The results showed positive detection in H...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
Sung Bin Cho, Boncheol Leo Goo, Zhenlong Zheng, Kwang Ho Yoo, Jin-Soo Kang, Heesu Kim
Laser- or light-assisted therapies have been used to improve the perifollicular environment by upregulating the expression of growth factors and signaling molecules for hair restoration. The aim of our study was to preclinically and clinically evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of a 1927-nm fractionated thulium laser on pattern hair loss (PHL). An in vivo hairless mouse study and an in vivo human skin environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) study were performed with different power and energy settings...
January 16, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Vic A Narurkar, Tina S Alster, Eric F Bernstein, Tina J Lin, Anya Loncaric
<p>BACKGROUND: Fractional photothermolysis (FP) is a popular treatment option for photodamaged skin and addresses shortcomings of ablative skin resurfacing and nonablative dermal remodeling. Previous studies have demonstrated that FP using the 1550nm wavelength has led to improvement of ultrastructural changes and clinical effects associated with photodamaged skin in the deeper dermal structures, while treatment with the 1927nm wavelength has shown clinical effects in the superficial dermis. Both wavelengths produce precise microscopic treatment zones (MTZs) in the skin...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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