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Raúl Mayo-Santana
This essay presents a history of the scientific journal of the University of Puerto Rico, School of Tropical Medicine (STM) under the auspices of Columbia University: The Puerto Rico Journal of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. This is the third article in a historical series about the STM, and includes supporting information relevant to the forthcoming articles on the school's scientific endeavors. This article is conceived as a history from the perspective of the literature of journal genre in the field of tropical medicine...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Conceição Silveira, Ana Abreu
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have evolved from being limited to exercise training to comprehensive secondary prevention programs. Given the solid scientific evidence supporting them, they are given a class I recommendation in the American and European guidelines for various cardiovascular diseases, but they continue to be underused in Portugal. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of CR programs in Portugal in 2013-14 and to assess developments in recent years...
December 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Eugene M Chudnovsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Nature
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Ahmad Tariq Azizi, Vipul Vijay
Haglund's deformity was first described by Patrick Haglund in 1927. It is also known as retrocalcaneal exostosis, Mulholland deformity, and 'pump bump.' It is a very common clinical condition, but still poorly understood. Haglund's deformity is an abnormality of the bone and soft tissues in the foot. An enlargement of the bony section of the heel (where the Achilles tendon is inserted) triggers this condition. The soft tissue near the back of the heel can become irritated when the large, bony lump rubs against rigid shoes...
October 7, 2016: Curēus
Rony Huys
Members of the order Harpacticoida are primarily free-living and benthic but some lineages have adopted alternative modes of life which involve a major habitat shift or dependence on a host. Since the first discovery of a harpacticoid associated with an invertebrate host about 150 years ago, a total of 172 species, representing 84 genera and 17 families, have been shown to live in symbiotic partnership with other organisms. The steady addition of new taxa during the last 35 years testifies to the widespread and previously underestimated occurrence of symbiosis in the group...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
Jéssica Herzog Viana
Until this study, Sennius Bridwell, 1946 included 60 species. As part of an ongoing revision of this genus, nomenclatural changes, synonymies, lectotype designations and corrections of misspelled names are presented, updating to a total of 68 species for this genus. One species is transferred from Sennius Bridwell, 1946 to Acanthoscelides Schilsky 1905, megacornis group: A. infractus (Johnson & Kingsolver, 1973) comb. n.. Eight species are transferred from Acanthoscelides Schilsky 1905 to Sennius Bridwell, 1946: S...
October 14, 2016: Zootaxa
Rahul Joshi, Jagbir S Kirti, Navneet Singh
: Genus Nishada Moore (1878) was proposed as a monotypic genus, under subfamily Lithosiinae, family Lithosiidae (now Lithosiini), including only Nishada flabrifera Moore (1878) from Calcutta (now as Kolkata), India. The genus is distributed from China to India, Thailand, Malaysia and up to Australia. The Indian fauna of Nishada is reported from North-East Himalayas, West Bengal (Kolkata) and South India. Members of this genus are unmarked, yellow to brown with short and broad wings. Genus Nishada has been taxonomically dealt by many authors but awaits thorough revision...
October 28, 2016: Zootaxa
Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Yader Sandoval, Stephen W Smith, Sara Love, Karen Schulz, Sarah E Thordsen, Benjamin K Johnson, Brian Driver, Katherine Jacoby, Michelle D Carlson, Kenneth W Dodd, Johanna Moore, Nathaniel L Scott, Charles A Bruen, Ryan Hatch, Fred S Apple
BACKGROUND: International Classification of Diseases (ICD) coding is the standard diagnostic tool for healthcare management. At present, type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI) classification by the Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (MI) remains ignored in the ICD system. We determined the concordance for the diagnosis of MI using ICD-9 coding vs the Universal Definition. METHODS: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) was measured by both contemporary (cTnI) and high-sensitivity (hs-cTnI) assays in 1927 consecutive emergency department (ED) patients [Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA) cohort] who had cTnI ordered on clinical indication...
November 3, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
L V Alvarez, J Z Groenewald, P W Crous
The asexual genera Coniella (1918) and Pilidiella (1927), including their sexual morphs in Schizoparme (1923), have a cosmopolitan distribution and are associated with foliar, fruit, leaf, stem and root diseases on a wide variety of hosts. Species of these genera sometimes occur as secondary invaders of plant tissues infected by other organisms or that are injured by other causes. Several studies published over the last few decades had conflicting ideas as to whether Coniella, Pilidiella and Schizoparme should be regarded as synonymous or as separate genera...
September 2016: Studies in Mycology
Anton Ribbenstedt, Lukas Mustajärvi, Magnus Breitholtz, Elena Gorokhova, Philipp Mayer, Anna Sobek
Ecotoxicity testing is a crucial component of chemical risk assessment. Still, due to methodological difficulties related to controlling exposure concentrations over time, data on long-term effects of organic chemicals at low concentrations are limited. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to test the applicability of passive dosing to maintain stable concentrations of the organochlorine bacteriocide triclosan in the water phase during a 6-wk multigeneration population development test with the harpacticoid copepod Nitocra spinipes...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
R P Mattick, M Wadolowski, A Aiken, P J Clare, D Hutchinson, J Najman, T Slade, R Bruno, N McBride, L Degenhardt, K Kypri
BACKGROUND: Parents are a major supplier of alcohol to adolescents, yet there is limited research examining the impact of this on adolescent alcohol use. This study investigates associations between parental supply of alcohol, supply from other sources, and adolescent drinking, adjusting for child, parent, family and peer variables. METHOD: A cohort of 1927 adolescents was surveyed annually from 2010 to 2014. Measures include: consumption of whole drinks; binge drinking (>4 standard drinks on any occasion); parental supply of alcohol; supply from other sources; child, parent, family and peer covariates...
October 5, 2016: Psychological Medicine
K G Andrew Hamilton
The Central American tribe Neaenini, originally comprising only the monobasic genus Neaenus Fowler, was thought to be transitional between Cercopinae and Aphrophorinae. The genus is here enlarged by 5 (1 unnamed)  additional species including 2 in a distinctive new subgenus Neaniskus. Keys are presented to 5 species of Neaenus, to 12 allied Neotropical genera and their 57 species: 12 of Tomaspisinella Lallemand, 1927 (=Hemitomaspis Lallemand, 1949, syn.nov. and 3 distinctive new subgenera Meretricula, Merinx and Merulatomus), 14 species of Microsargane Fowler, 1897 (=Ecothera Melichar, 1915, syn...
September 20, 2016: Zootaxa
Kaveh Darabi-Darestani, Alireza Sari, Alimorad Sarafrazi
The present checklist contains 22 species belonging to 14 genera of six families of leeches known to date from Iran. Five species including Dina punctata punctata Johannson, 1927, Erpobdella monostriata (Lindenfeld & Pietruszynski, 1890), E. vilnensis (Liskiewicz, 1925), Trocheta haskonis Grosser, 2000 and Glossiphonia concolor (Apathty, 1888) are new records for the country.
September 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Limei Li, Yaqing Qi, Yuxia Yang, Ming Bai
A new species of Falsopodabrus Pic, 1927 is described, Falsopodabrus tridentatus Yang, sp. n. (Yunnan, China). Geometric morphometric analyses based on the shapes of pronotum and hind wing and comparisons with two sibling species, Falsopodabrus himalaicus Wittmer, 1974 and Falsopodabrus martensi (Wittmer, 1979), support the valid status of the new species, also confirmed by the characters of tarsal claws. In addition to Falsopodabrus himalaicus and Falsopodabrus martensi, Falsopodabrus kostali Švihla, 2004 and Falsopodabrus rolciki Švihla, 2004 are recorded from China for the first time...
2016: ZooKeys
Zac E Seidler, Alexei J Dawes, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Haryana M Dhillon
AIM: Conformity to traditional masculine gender norms may deter men's help-seeking and/or impact the services men engage. Despite proliferating research, current evidence has not been evaluated systematically. This review summarises findings related to the role of masculinity on men's help-seeking for depression. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched using terms related to masculinity, depression and help-seeking. Titles and abstracts were reviewed and data systematically extracted and examined for methodological quality...
November 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
Bruce Simons-Morton, Denise Haynie, Fearghal O'Brien, Leah Lipsky, Joe Bible, Danping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in health behaviors among U.S. emerging adults one year after high school. PARTICIPANTS: The national sample of participants (n = 1927), including those attending 4-year college/university (n = 884), 2-year colleges/technical schools (n = 588), and no college (n = 455), participated in annual spring surveys 2013-2014. METHODS: Health behaviors were assessed the last year of high school and first year of college; differences by college status controlling for previous-year values were estimated using regression analyses...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alan Paton, Peter B Phillipson, Somran Suddee
BACKGROUND: The monotypic genus Wenchengia (Lamiaceae) has been thought to be endemic to Hainan, China. This paper reports on historic records of Wenchengia alternifolia collected from Vietnam. The recent recuration and modernisation of the Paris herbarium greatly facilitated this discovery. NEW INFORMATION: During preparatory work supporting the account for the Lamiaceae of the Flora of Thailand, three specimens of Wenchengia from central Vietnam were found in the Herbarium of the Musuem National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris (P), and subsequently two duplicates were found in the Herbarium at Kew (K, abbreviations following Thiers 2016)...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
Christopher F Blodi
David Kasner, MD (1927-2001), used his extensive dissections of eye bank eyes and experiences in teaching cataract surgery to resident physicians to realize that excision of vitreous when present in the anterior chamber of eyes undergoing cataract surgery was preferable to prior intraoperative procedures. Noting that eyes tolerated his maneuvers, he then performed planned subtotal open-sky vitrectomies; first on a traumatized eye in 1961, then on two eyes of patients with amyloidosis (1966-1967). The success of these operations was noted by others, most particularly Robert Machemer, MD...
2016: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
Bengt Nordén
Einstein was wrong with his 1927 Solvay Conference claim that quantum mechanics is incomplete and incapable of describing diffraction of single particles. However, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox of entangled pairs of particles remains lurking with its 'spooky action at a distance'. In molecules quantum entanglement can be viewed as basis of both chemical bonding and excitonic states. The latter are important in many biophysical contexts and involve coupling between subsystems in which virtual excitations lead to eigenstates of the total Hamiltonian, but not for the separate subsystems...
January 2016: Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics
Luka Kovačić, Giuseppe Armocida
Dr Theodor Gjurgjević was born in Stubička Kaniža on 1 December 1909 and died in Zagreb on 20 March 1976. He finished high school in Zagreb in 1927 and obtained a doctoral degree from the Zagreb University Faculty of Law in 1933. In 1956, he obtained his second doctorate in modern history from the University of Oxford. He dedicated a large part of his career to international affairs: before and during World War II in the Yugoslav Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade and after the war at the Zagreb School of Public Health as a collaborator of Andrija Štampar...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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