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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746162/antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-against-azole-resistant-and-azole-susceptible-i-i-candida-glabrata-i-i-strains-vaginal-isolates
#1
Nadia Massa, Simone Cantamessa, Giorgia Novello, Elia Ranzato, Simona Martinotti, Matteo Pavan, Andrea Rocchetti, Graziella Berta, Elisa Gamalero, Elisa Bona
<i></i>Candida glabrata<i></i> is an opportunistic pathogen, associated with endocarditis, meningitis and disseminated disease and also with complicated vaginitis. Essential oils derived from aromatic plants are known in traditional medicine as antimicrobial agents and have antifungal properties. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether the twelve tested essential oils (tea tree, laurel, anise, basil, bergamot, lavender, mint, oregano, grapefruit, rosemary, winter savory and ginger) could have a transverse effect on <i></i>C...
May 10, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737895/treatment-of-seborrheic-dermatitis-a-comprehensive-review
#2
Luis J Borda, Marina Perper, Jonette E Keri
Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD) is a chronic, recurring inflammatory skin disorder that manifests as erythematous macules or plaques with varying levels of scaling associated with pruritus. The condition typically occurs as an inflammatory response to Malassezia species and tends to occur on seborrheic areas, such as the scalp, face, chest, back, axilla, and groin areas. SD treatment focuses on clearing signs of the disease; ameliorating associated symptoms, such as pruritus; and maintaining remission with long-term therapy...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731487/development-of-antibacterial-denture-cleaner-for-brushing-containing-tea-tree-and-lemongrass-essential-oils
#3
Yusaku Koseki, Rika Tanaka, Hiroshi Murata
We evaluated effectiveness of tea tree oil (TO) and lemongrass oil (LO) for removal of Candida biofilm from denture base resin and their influence on that surface. Biofilm of C. albicans was formed on resins, and immersed in various concentrations of each oil and distilled water (DW). The biofilm removal effect was determined by incubating specimens in RPMI medium containing Alamar blue (AB) and measuring absorbance. Wear test was also conducted, and surface condition of resins was determined using laser scanning microscope and digital microscope...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723967/preparation-of-tea-tree-oil-poly-styrene-butyl-methacrylate-microspheres-with-sustained-release-and-anti-bacterial-properties
#4
Guanquan Lin, Huayao Chen, Hongjun Zhou, Xinhua Zhou, Hua Xu
Using butyl methacrylate (BMA) and styrene (St) as monomers and divinylbenzene (DVB) as a crosslinking agent, P(St-BMA) microspheres were prepared by suspension polymerization. Tea tree oil (TTO) microspheres were prepared by adsorbing TTO on P(St-BMA) microspheres. The structure and surface morphology of P(St-BMA) microspheres and TTO microspheres were characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), optical microscopy, and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In doing so, the structural effect of P(St-BMA) microspheres on oil absorption and sustained release properties could be investigated...
May 1, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703942/comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-identifies-genes-responsible-for-fruit-count-and-oil-yield-in-the-oil-tea-plant-camellia-chekiangoleosa
#5
Yun Xie, Xuewen Wang
Fruit yield is an important trait for horticultural crops. However, the limited fruit yield of Camellia chekiangoleosa, a novel promising oil tree, restricts the production of oil. The breeding improvement is little due to its long generation time and lack of available genomic sequence. We identified distinct fruit count phenotypes, high-yield (HY) and low-yield (LY). To understand the underlying genetic basis, we focused on global gene discovery and expression levels in floral buds, which affect fruit count...
April 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684425/delivery-of-adapalene-using-a-novel-topical-gel-based-on-tea-tree-oil-nano-emulsion-permeation-antibacterial-and-safety-assessments
#6
Roqya Najafi-Taher, Behnaz Ghaemi, Amir Amani
The aim of present study was to design and optimize 0.1% adapalene loaded nano-emulsion to improve the efficacy of the drug efficacy and increase its user compliance. Effect of type and concentration of surfactants was studied on size of 0.1% adapalene loaded nano-emulsion. Optimized formulation was then evaluated for particle size, polydispersity index, morphology, viscosity, and pH. Subsequently, 1% carbopol® 934 was incorporated to the optimized formulation for preparation of its gel form. The efficacy and safety of 0...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667560/can-the-tea-tree-oil-australian-native-plant-melaleuca-alternifolia-cheel-be-an-alternative-treatment-for-human-demodicosis-on-skin
#7
Nelson Siu Kei Lam, Xin Xin Long, Robert C Griffin, Mu-Kai Chen, James Cg Doery
Australian tea tree oil (TTO) and its extract terpinen-4-ol (T4O) are found to be effective in moderating demodex-related diseases. Their possible effects are lowering the mite counts, relieving the demodex-related symptoms and modulating the immune system especially the inflammatory response. This review summarizes the topical treatments of TTO and T4O in human demodicosis, their possible mechanism of actions, side-effects and potential resistance in treating this condition. Although current treatments other than TTO and T4O are relatively effective in controlling the demodex mite population and the related symptoms, more research on the efficacy and drug delivery technology is needed in order to assess its potential as an alternative treatment with minimal side-effect profile, low toxicity and low risk of demodex resistance...
April 18, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629325/the-antiplaque-efficacy-of-two-herbal-based-toothpastes-a-clinical-intervention
#8
Sudhir Rama Varma, Husam Sherif, Ahmed Serafi, Salim Abu Fanas, Vijay Desai, Eiyas Abuhijleh, Ahmad Al Radaidah
Aims: This study is the first of its kind in the United Arab Emirates, where these herbal plant extracts are commonly incorporated into toothpaste. The present study compares two herbal toothpastes (Meswak extract and tea tree oil [TTO]) and analyses their efficiency in reducing plaque accumulation. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 patients were examined for plaque and assigned a plaque score. They were then randomly assigned to use either Meswak-based toothpaste or TTO-based toothpaste...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563688/the-use-of-tea-tree-oil-in-treating-blepharitis-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#9
Thuraya Noaman Maher
INTRODUCTION: Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction are chronic inflammatory conditions with overlapping pathophysiology and symptomatology. Both microbial infection and seborrhea contribute to the pathophysiology and both may benefit from treatment with tea tree oil (TTO). We evaluated the therapeutic effect of eyelids scrubbing with TTO in a group of patients with lid margin disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients were recruited. Half of them received lid scrubbing with a TTO formula (Naviblef™) and the other half was treated by massage and cleansing...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549856/analysis-of-biologically-active-oxyprenylated-phenylpropanoids-in-tea-tree-oil-using-selective-solid-phase-extraction-with-uhplc-pda-detection
#10
Luca Scotti, Salvatore Genovese, Tonino Bucciarelli, Filippo Martini, Francesco Epifano, Serena Fiorito, Francesca Preziuso, Vito Alessandro Taddeo
An efficient analytical strategy based on different extraction methods of biologically active naturally occurring oxyprenylated umbelliferone and ferulic acid derivatives 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, umbelliprenin, boropinic acid, and 4'-geranyloxyferulic acid and quantification by UHPLC with spectrophotometric (UV/Vis) detection from Tea tree oil is reported. Absorption of the pure oil on Al2 O3 (Brockmann activity II) prior washing the resulting solid with MeOH and treatment of this latter with CH2 Cl2 resulted the best extraction methodology in terms of yields of oxyprenylated secondary metabolites...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547610/aromatherapy-the-effect-of-lavender-on-anxiety-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy
#11
Ayse Ozkaraman, Özlem Dügüm, Hülya Özen Yılmaz, Öznur Usta Yesilbalkan
BACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis is a serious stressor that is associated with anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, and inability to fulfill daily routines. Many pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic options are available to help patients with cancer manage anxiety. OBJECTIVES: This randomized, controlled trial examined the effects of lavender oil aromatherapy on anxiety and sleep quality in patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: 70 patients were randomly assigned to a lavender oil group, a tea tree oil group, and a control group with no oil...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350421/involvement-of-xanthine-oxidase-inhibition-with-the-antioxidant-property-of-nanoencapsulated-melaleuca-alternifolia-essential-oil-in-fish-experimentally-infected-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#12
M D Baldissera, C F Souza, P H Doleski, R C V Santos, R P Raffin, B Baldisserotto
Nanoencapsulated Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil (tea tree oil, TTO) is a natural alternative treatment, with 100% therapeutic efficacy in fish experimentally infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and has also potent protective effects linked with antioxidant properties. However, the pathways responsible for the antioxidant capacity remain unknown. Thus, this study evaluated whether the inhibition of seric xanthine oxidase (XO) activity can be considered a pathway involved in the antioxidant capacity of nanoencapsulated TTO in fish experimentally infected with P...
May 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327181/correction-to-promising-antibacterial-effects-of-silver-nanoparticle-loaded-tea-tree-oil-nanoemulsion-a-synergistic-combination-against-resistance-threat
#13
Roqya Najafi-Taher, Behnaz Ghaemi, Sharmin Kharrazi, Samira Rasoulikoohi, Amir Amani
With regrets, there is an error in the name of one of the authors which has only been noticed after publication.
January 11, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317921/baseline-knowledge-of-potential-pet-toxins-a-survey-of-pharmacists
#14
Natalie W Young, Kenneth D Royal, Gigi S Davidson
Background: Consumer expenditures on their family pets are rapidly increasing, part of which can be attributed to prescription and OTC medications. In turn, community pharmacies are seeking and receiving an increased number of prescriptions for animals. Community pharmacists' ability to safely care for animal patients is relatively unexplored. Human medications, their normal dosing and even medication excipients could be lethal in some animal patients. Objective: The overarching objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' baseline knowledge of potential pet poisons...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224027/a-clinical-scoring-system-for-diagnosis-of-ocular-demodicosis
#15
Oktay Alver, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Nazmiye Ülkü Tüzemen, Beyza Ener, Ahmet Tuncer Özmen
BACKGROUND Demodex may cause chronic and refractory blepharitis with associated ocular surface problems, and its diagnosis and treatment can be quite challenging. In this study, our aim was to assess the efficacy of tea tree oil in Demodex treatment on caucasian patients in an industrialized region of Turkey, and to develop a systematic scoring system for extremely accurate diagnosis in the absence of advanced facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Charts of 412 patients with blepharitis were reviewed. A group of 39 out of 412 cases were identified as chronic and treatment-refractory, and therefore were enrolled in this study...
December 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218583/promising-antibacterial-effects-of-silver-nanoparticle-loaded-tea-tree-oil-nanoemulsion-a-synergistic-combination-against-resistance-threat
#16
Roqya Najafi-Taher, Behnaz Ghaemi, Sharmin Kharazi, Samira Rasoulikoohi, Amir Amani
Highly resistant pathogens may be developed in patients with immune disorders after prolonged exposure to antibiotics, a growing threat worldwide. In order to overcome these problems, this study introduces a new class of engineered nanosystems comprising of tea tree oil nanoemulsion (TTO NE) loaded with Ag nanoparticles (NPs). Silver shows a strong toxicity towards a wide range of microorganisms. Also, TTO NE could be employed as a promising and safe antimicrobial agent for local therapies of bacterial infections...
April 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194424/functional-foods-and-lifestyle-approaches-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Ahmad Alkhatib, Catherine Tsang, Ali Tiss, Theeshan Bahorun, Hossein Arefanian, Roula Barake, Abdelkrim Khadir, Jaakko Tuomilehto
Functional foods contain biologically active ingredients associated with physiological health benefits for preventing and managing chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A regular consumption of functional foods may be associated with enhanced anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity, and anti-cholesterol functions, which are considered integral to prevent and manage T2DM. Components of the Mediterranean diet (MD)-such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil, and tree nuts-serve as a model for functional foods based on their natural contents of nutraceuticals, including polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, pigments, and unsaturated fatty acids...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185608/basil-tea-tree-and-clove-essential-oils-as-analgesics-and-anaesthetics-in-amphiprion-clarkii-bennett-1830
#18
A M Correia, A S Pedrazzani, R C Mendonça, A Massucatto, R A Ozório, M Y Tsuzuki
In this study were evaluated the anaesthesia and analgesic effects of clove Eugenia caryophyllata, tea tree Melaleuca alternifolia and basil Ocimum basilicum essential oils (EO) during handling of yellowtail clownfish Amphiprion clarkii. Juveniles (3.70 ± 0.75 cm and 1.03 ± 0.50 g; mean ± standard deviation) were submitted to concentrations of 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 µl L-1 of clove, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 350 µl L-1 of basil and 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 µl L-1 of tea tree oils (n=10/concentration), previously defined in pilot tests...
November 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166272/in-vitro-activity-of-some-essential-oils-alone-and-in-combination-against-the-fish-pathogen-nocardia-seriolae
#19
T F Ismail, T Yoshida
Microplate resazurin assay was applied to investigate the in vitro activity of four essential oils (EOs); cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oils against 80 clinical isolates of the fish pathogen Nocardia seriolae. The checkerboard test was then used to determine the possible synergistic effect of EOs combination against reference type strains of fish nocardiosis. All tested EOs had antibacterial activity against N...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137160/the-influence-of-toothpaste-containing-australian-melaleuca-alternifolia-oil-and-ethanolic-extract-of-polish-propolis-on-oral-hygiene-and-microbiome-in-patients-requiring-conservative-procedures
#20
Tomasz Piekarz, Anna Mertas, Karolina Wiatrak, Rafał Rój, Patryk Kownacki, Joanna Śmieszek-Wilczewska, Ewelina Kopczyńska, Maciej Wrzoł, Maria Cisowska, Ewelina Szliszka, Zenon P Czuba, Iwona Niedzielska, Tadeusz Morawiec
The study was based on the use of a toothpaste with antiphlogistic activity, containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia oil (tea tree oil-TTO) and ethanolic extract of Polish propolis (EEP). Fifty-one patients with varying conditions of the gingiva were divided into two groups. The study group received the toothpaste with TTO and EEP, while the control group received the same toothpaste but without TTO and EEP. Approximal plaque index (API), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-s) and modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI) were assessed in three subsequent stages...
November 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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