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Yang Bai, Zhong-Xia Li, Yue-Tong Zhao, Mo Liu, Yun Wang, Guo-Chao Lian, Qi Zhao, Huai-Liang Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and determine whether 4-chloro-DL-phenylalanine (PCPA) could inhibit pulmonary arterial remodeling associated with connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression and downstream signal pathway. MCT was administered to forty Sprague Dawley rats to establish the PAH model. PCPA was administered at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg once daily for 3 weeks via intraperitoneal injection. On day 22, the pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), right ventricle hypertrophy index (RVI) and pulmonary artery morphology were assessed and the serotonin receptor-1B (SR-1B), CTGF, p-ERK/ERK were measured by western blot or immunohistochemistry...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Saroj K Rout, Michael P Friedmann, Roland Riek, Jason Greenwald
The prebiotic replication of information-coding molecules is a central problem concerning life's origins. Here, we report that amyloids composed of short peptides can direct the sequence-selective, regioselective and stereoselective condensation of amino acids. The addition of activated DL-arginine and DL-phenylalanine to the peptide RFRFR-NH2 in the presence of the complementary template peptide Ac-FEFEFEFE-NH2 yields the isotactic product FRFRFRFR-NH2 , 1 of 64 possible triple addition products, under conditions in which the absence of template yields only single and double additions of mixed stereochemistry...
January 16, 2018: Nature Communications
Megala Narasingam, Kamini Vijeepallam, Zahurin Mohamed, Vijayapandi Pandy
This study presents anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of a methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. (noni) fruit (MMC) in well-established mouse models of anxiety and depression. The administration of MMC (1 g/kg, p.o.) and diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly attenuated anxiety-like behaviour in mice by increasing the percentage of time spent and number of entries in the open arms in the elevated plus maze (EPM), and significantly enhanced the exploration in the light box in the light/dark test (LDT)...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jie-Cong Huang, Wei Xie, Ning Deng, Wen-Lin Liang, Dong-Rong Hu, Yu Hong, Yang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sedative and hypnotic effects of Foshouningshen decoction (FSNSD) and study its effects on expressions of 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT) and 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) in the hippocampus in a rat model of insomnia. METHODS: Male KM mice were divided into control group, estazolam (0.4 mg/kg daily) group, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose FSNSD groups (daily dose of 12, 24, and 48 g/kg, respectively). After corresponding treatments for 1 week, the mice underwent sleep-inducing test with subthreshold and threshold doses of sodium pentobarbital...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Yang Bai, Zhong-Xia Li, Huai-Liang Wang, Guo-Chao Lian, Yun Wang
Inflammation and remodeling play a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor of activated T cells-1 (NFAT-1) participate in inflammation and remodeling in a number of diseases. As a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, 4-chloro-DL-phenylalanine (PCPA) had been reported to exert anti-inflammatory and remodeling effects. Therefore, we hypothesized that PCPA may attenuate monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH through the NFAT-1 and NF-κB signaling pathways...
July 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Kristian Gaarn du Jardin, Nico Liebenberg, Heidi Kaastrup Müller, Betina Elfving, Connie Sanchez, Gregers Wegener
RATIONALE: The mechanisms mediating ketamine's antidepressant effect have only been partly resolved. Recent preclinical reports implicate serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in the antidepressant-like action of ketamine. Vortioxetine is a multimodal-acting antidepressant that is hypothesized to exert its therapeutic activity through 5-HT reuptake inhibition and modulation of several 5-HT receptors. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic-like profiles of S-ketamine, vortioxetine, and the serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine in response to manipulation of 5-HT tone...
July 2016: Psychopharmacology
Joseph E Igetei, Susan Liddell, Marwa El-Faham, Michael J Doenhoff
A serine protease-like enzyme found in detergent extracts of Schistosoma mansoni adult worms perfused from infected mice has been purified from mouse blood and further characterized. The enzyme is approximately 85 kDa and hydrolyses N-acetyl-DL-phenylalanine β-naphthyl-ester, a chromogenic substrate for chymotrypsin-like enzymes. The enzyme from S. mansoni worms appears to be antigenically and enzymatically similar to a molecule that is present in normal mouse blood and so is seemingly host-derived. The enzyme was partially purified by depleting normal mouse serum of albumin using sodium chloride and cold ethanol, followed by repeated rounds of purification by one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis...
April 2016: Parasitology
Tiziana Nardo, Valeria Chiono, Gianluca Ciardelli, Maryam Tabrizian
Inert polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes for periodontal regeneration suffer from weak osteoconductive properties. In this work, a strategy for hydroxyapatite (HAp) coating on PTFE films through an adhesive layer of self-polymerized 3,4-dihydroxy-DL-phenylalanine (polyDOPA) was developed to improve surface properties. Physico-chemical and morphological analysis demonstrated the deposition of polyDOPA and HAp, with an increase in surface roughness and wettability. A discontinuous coating was present after 14 days in PBS and MC3T3-E1 cells proliferation and adhesion were improved...
February 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Shuang Ping Liu, Liang Zhang, Jian Mao, Zhong Yang Ding, Gui Yang Shi
Phenylpyruvate derivatives (PPD), such as phenylpropanoids, DL-phenylglycine, dl-phenylalanine, and styrene, are biosynthesized using phenylpyruvate as the precursor. They are widely used in human health and nutrition products. Recently, metabolic engineering provides effective strategies to develop PPD producers. Based on phenylpyruvate-producing chassis, genetically defined PPD producers have been successfully constructed. In this work, the most recent information on genetics and on the molecular mechanisms regulating phenylpyruvate synthesis pathways in Escherichia coli are summarized, and the engineering strategies to construct the PPD producers are also discussed...
November 2015: Metabolic Engineering
Paulina Bravo, Erna Raimann, Juan Francisco Cabello, Carolina Arias, Pilar Peredo, Gabriela Castro, Valerie Hamilton, Karen Campo, Verónica Cornejo
Hyperphenylalaninaemias are defined by a blood phenylalanine over 2mg/dl. The main cause is due to a mutation in the gene that codes the phenylalanine hydroxylase that catalyses the reaction that converts phenylalanine into tyrosine. The hyperphenylalaninaemias are classified into benign or mild hyperphenylalaninaemias, or mild, moderate or classic phenylketonurias. Due to its delayed detection outside the neonatal period it causes severe mental retardation. Its detection along with congenital hypothyroidism has been part of the National Neonatal Screening Program since 1992 in Chile...
May 2015: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Zhong-Guang Li
Salicylic acid (SA), is a plant hormone with multifunction that is involved in plant growth, development and the acquisition of stress tolerance. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is emerging similar functions, but crosstalk between SA and H2S in the acquisition of heat tolerance is not clear. Our recent study firstly reported that SA treatment enhanced the activity of L-cysteine desulfhydrase (L-DES), a key enzyme in H2S biosynthesis, followed by induced endogenous H2S accumulation, which in turn improved the heat tolerance of maize seedlings...
2015: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Imran Ali, Dibya Ranjan Sahoo, Zeid A ALOthman, Abdulrahman A Alwarthan, Leonid Asnin, Bernt Larsson
Chiral resolution of dl-alanine-dl-tyrosine and dl-leucine-dl-phenylalanine dipeptides was achieved on AmyCoat-RP column. The mobile phase used for dl-alanine-dl-tyrosine was acetonitrile-ammonium acetate (10mM, pH 6.0) [50:50, v/v]. It was acetonitrile-methanol-ammonium acetate (10mM; pH adjusted to 4.5 with glacial acetic acid) [50:20:30, v/v] for dl-leucine-dl-phenylalanine. The flow rate of the mobile phases was 0.8mL/min with UV detection at 275nm. The values of retention factors for ll-, dd-, dl- and ld-stereomers of dl-alanine-dl-tyrosine were 1...
August 7, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. A
Abhinay Kumar Srivastava, Abhishek Dutt Tripathi, Alok Jha, Amrita Poonia, Nitya Sharma
In the present work Lactobacillus delbrueckii was used to utilize agro-industrial byproduct (cane molasses) for lactic acid production under submerged fermentation process. Screening of LAB was done by Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR). Effect of different amino acids (DL-Phenylalanine, L-Lysine and DL-Aspartic acid) on the fermentation process was done by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was used to optimize the levels of three parameters viz...
June 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Taro Kato, Makoto Takata, Maiko Kitaichi, Momoe Kassai, Mitsuhiro Inoue, Chihiro Ishikawa, Wataru Hirose, Kozo Yoshida, Isao Shimizu
Modulation of monoaminergic systems has been the main stream of treatment for patients with mood disorders. However, recent evidence suggests that the glutamatergic system plays an important role in the pathophysiology of these disorders. This study pharmacologically characterized a structurally novel metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu5) receptor negative allosteric modulator, DSR-98776, and evaluated its effect on rodent models of depression and mania. First, DSR-98776 in vitro profile was assessed using intracellular calcium and radioligand binding assays...
June 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
Chunxiao Lv, Qing Li, Xujia Liu, Bosai He, Zhenyu Sui, Huarong Xu, Yidi Yin, Ran Liu, Kaishun Bi
In order to investigate the potential links between catecholamines (CAs) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), rapid and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) methods in different ionization modes for the quantification of 14 CAs and their metabolites in rat urine without derivatization or complex sample pre-treatments were developed. After addition of the internal standard, isoproterenol, the urine samples were extracted by protein precipitation and separated on an Inertsil ODS-EP column (Shimadzu, Japan) at a flow of 1...
February 2015: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Zhong-Guang Li, Lin-Run Xie, Xiao-Juan Li
Salicylic acid (SA), 2-hydroxy benzoic acid, is a small phenolic compound with multifunction that is involved in plant growth, development, and the acquisition of stress tolerance. In recent years, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been found to have similar functions, but cross talk between SA and H2S in the acquisition of heat tolerance is not clear. In this study, pretreatment of maize seedlings with SA improved the survival percentage of seedlings under heat stress, indicating that SA pretreatment could improve the heat tolerance of maize seedlings...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Plant Physiology
Jiovanna Contreras, Elsa Alonso, Lisset E Fuentes
INTRODUCTION: Hyperphenylalaninemias are inborn errors of phenylalanine metabolism caused by deficiency of L-phenylalanine hydroxylase (the enzyme that converts phenylalanine to tyrosine), resulting in increased serum phenylalanine (>4 mg/dL or 240 µmol/L). Phenylketonuria, or PKU, is the most common form. Untreated PKU is associated with progressive neurodevelopmental delay, evolving towards intellectual impairment. Cuba introduced a national newborn screening program for PKU in 1986...
January 2015: MEDICC Review
Franziska Stefanie Ihlefeldt, Fredrik Bjarte Pettersen, Aidan von Bonin, Malgorzata Zawadzka, Carl Henrik Görbitz
The solid-state structure of the amino acid phenylalanine (Phe) offers a potential key to understanding the behavior of a large class of important aromatic compounds. Obtaining good single crystals is, however, notoriously difficult. The structure of the common polymorph of Phe, form I, was first reported by Weissbuch et al. (as D-Phe) in 1990, but the correctness of the published C2 unit cell with two disordered molecules in the asymmetric unit was later questioned and other space groups suggested. The identity of form I of L-Phe is here established to be P21 with Z'=4, based on data from a well-diffracting single crystal grown from an acetic acid solution of the amino acid...
December 1, 2014: Angewandte Chemie
Longbao Zhu, Li Zhou, Nan Huang, Wenjing Cui, Zhongmei Liu, Ke Xiao, Zhemin Zhou
An efficient enzymatic process was developed to produce optically pure D-phenylalanine through asymmetric resolution of the racemic DL-phenylalanine using immobilized phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (RgPAL) from Rhodotorula glutinis JN-1. RgPAL was immobilized on a modified mesoporous silica support (MCM-41-NH-GA). The resulting MCM-41-NH-GA-RgPAL showed high activity and stability. The resolution efficiency using MCM-41-NH-GA-RgPAL in a recirculating packed-bed reactor (RPBR) was higher than that in a stirred-tank reactor...
2014: PloS One
Jae-Ho Shin, Jeong Han Choi, Samjin Choi, Gyeong Bok Jung, Hun-Kuk Park, Sang Woong Moon
PURPOSE: This study used five clinical assessments and Raman spectroscopy to investigate the age- and hyperglycemia-related properties of the murine retina over an eight-week experimental period. METHOD: Acute hyperglycemia and chronic hyperglycemia were assessed with blood glucose (BG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, respectively. Changes in the retinal thickness and neovascularization were evaluated with optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography (FAG)...
December 2014: Microscopy Research and Technique
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