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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638771/electronic-%C3%AF-to-%C3%AF-excitations-of-rhodamine-dyes-exhibit-a-time-dependent-kohn-sham-theory-cyanine-problem
#1
Barry Moore, Robert L Schrader, Karol Kowalski, Jochen Autschbach
The longest-wavelength π-to-π* electronic excitations of rhodamine-like dyes (RDs) with different group 16 heteroatoms (O, S, Se, Te) have been investigated. Time-dependent Kohn-Sham theory (TDKST) calculations were compared with coupled-cluster (CC) and equations-of-motion (EOM) CC results for π-to-π* singlet and triplet excitations. The RDs exhibit characteristics in the TDKST calculations that are very similar to previously investigated cyanine dyes, in the sense that the singlet energies obtained with nonhybrid functionals are too high compared with the CC results at the SD(T) level...
June 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633556/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-newborns-born-to-mothers-with-hyperglycemia-%C3%A2-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
K Dulasi Durga, B Adhisivam, G Vidya, B Vishnu Bhat, Bobby Zachariahc, Chand Parkashd
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemic mothers have increased oxidative stress during pregnancy which can adversely affect the outcome in their neonates Objectives: To measure the oxidative stress and DNA damage in newborns born to mothers with hyperglycemia and correlate their immediate outcome with the amount of oxidative stress and DNA damage. METHODS: This prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, south India included 3 groups - newborns born to pregestational diabetic mothers (PGDM), gestational diabetic mothers (GDM) and euglycemic mothers with 24 newborns in each...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632024/performance-validity-testing-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Katherine E Dorociak, Evan T Schulze, Lauren E Piper, Robert E Molokie, Julie K Janecek
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologists utilize performance validity tests (PVTs) as objective means for drawing inferences about performance validity. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a well-validated, stand-alone PVT and the Reliable Digit Span (RDS) and Reliable Digit Span-Revised (RDS-R) from the Digit Span subtest of the WAIS-IV are commonly employed, embedded PVTs. While research has demonstrated the utility of these PVTs with various clinical samples, no research has investigated their use in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition associated with multiple neurological, physical, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631494/a-study-on-preterm-births-during-2013-2015-shiraz-iran
#4
Elham Jaberi, Mirkazemi Roksana
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality and a substantial portion of neonatal morbidities. The perinatal mortality and morbidity statistics in developing countries are inadequate. In this study, we assessed prevalence and health outcomes of preterm deliveries in tertiary care university hospitals. A retrospective study of hospital records of premature babies born in all the five governmental tertiary care settings during the time interval of 2013-2015 in Shiraz was conducted. Result of this study showed that there was an overall 127...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627012/effect-of-betamethasone-on-fetal-pulmonary-and-umbilical-artery-doppler-velocimetry-and-relationship-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-development
#5
Emre Sinan Güngör, Gülşah İlhan, Hüseyin Gültekin, Ali Galip Zebitay, Serdar Cömert, Fatma Ferda Verit
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is primarily a disease of premature neonates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of maternal betamethasone administration on the fetal pulmonary arteries (PAs) and umbilical arteries (UAs) and the correlation between RDS development and PA Doppler results. METHODS: Forty singleton pregnancies between 24 and 34 gestational weeks with a diagnosis of preterm birth were included prospectively...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622403/using-network-sampling-and-recruitment-data-to-understand-social-structures-related-to-community-health-in-a-population-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-puerto-rico
#6
Mayra Coronado-García, Courtney R Thrash, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Robin Gauthier, Juan Carlos Reyes, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the social network and recruitment patterns of a sample of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in rural Puerto Rico, in an attempt to uncover systematic clustering and between-group social boundaries that potentially influence disease spread. METHODS: Respondent driven sampling was utilized to obtain a sample of PWID in rural Puerto Rico. Through eight initial "seeds", 317 injection drug users were recruited. Using recruitment patterns of this sample, estimates of homophily and affiliation were calculated using RDSAT...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617266/sustainable-public-health-systems-for-rare-diseases
#7
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Amalia Egle Gentile, Marta De Santis, Domenica Taruscio
INTRODUCTION: In the framework of the Joint Action for Rare Diseases (RD-ACTION), a specific task was defined to identify mechanisms influencing sustainability, equity and resilience of health systems for rare diseases (RDs). METHOD: Literature narrative review on health systems sustainability and resilience for RDs. Years: 2000-2015. Databases: PubMed, Scopus, EBSCOHost, EMBAL, PASCAL, EMBASE, STN International and GoogleScholar. ANALYSIS: interpretive synthesis concept and thematic analysis (Dixon-Wood, et al...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616049/cytokine-profiles-at-birth-and-the-risk-of-developing-severe-respiratory-distress-and-chronic-lung-disease
#8
Majeda S Hammoud, Raj Raghupathy, Nahla Barakat, Hoda Eltomi, Deena Elsori
BACKGROUND: Neonates with the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied to investigate possible associations between cytokine levels at birth and developing severe RDS or chronic lung disease (CLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples collected within hours of birth from infants with moderate and severe RDS. Twenty infants with moderate RDS and 20 infants with severe RDS were studied...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615429/diagnostic-algorithm-for-relapsing-acquired-demyelinating-syndromes-in-children
#9
Yael Hacohen, Kshitij Mankad, W K Chong, Frederik Barkhof, Angela Vincent, Ming Lim, Evangeline Wassmer, Olga Ciccarelli, Cheryl Hemingway
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether children with relapsing acquired demyelinating syndromes (RDS) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-Ab) show distinctive clinical and radiologic features and to generate a diagnostic algorithm for the main RDS for clinical use. METHODS: A panel reviewed the clinical characteristics, MOG-Ab and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) Ab, intrathecal oligoclonal bands, and Epstein-Barr virus serology results of 110 children with RDS. A neuroradiologist blinded to the diagnosis scored the MRI scans...
June 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607411/an-immunization-strategy-for-hidden-populations
#10
Saran Chen, Xin Lu
Hidden populations, such as injecting drug users (IDUs), sex workers (SWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), are considered at high risk of contracting and transmitting infectious diseases such as AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis etc. However, public health interventions to such groups are prohibited due to strong privacy concerns and lack of global information, which is a necessity for traditional strategies such as targeted immunization and acquaintance immunization. In this study, we introduce an innovative intervention strategy to be used in combination with a sampling approach that is widely used for hidden populations, Respondent-driven Sampling (RDS)...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605424/identification-of-homophily-and-preferential-recruitment-in-respondent-driven-sampling
#11
Forrest W Crawford, Peter M Aronow, Li Zeng, Jianghong Li
Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is a link-tracing procedure used in epidemiological research on hidden or hard-to-reach populations in which subjects recruit others via their social network. Estimates from RDS studies may have poor statistical properties due to statistical dependence in sampled subjects' traits. Two distinct mechanisms account for dependence in an RDS study: homophily, the tendency for individuals to share social ties with others exhibiting similar characteristics, and preferential recruitment, in which recruiters do not recruit uniformly at random from their network alters...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593894/5th-rare-disease-south-eastern-europe-see-meeting-skopje-macedonia-november-15th-2016
#12
Zoran Gucev, Velibor Tasic, Momir Polenakovic
The fifth SEE meeting on rare diseases (RDs) was held in Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (MASA) the November 11th, 2016. Several lectures dealt with mucopolysaccharidosis, glycogen storage diseases and the possibilities for their diagnosis and treatment. Enzyme replacement treatment (ERT), its availability, effects (or the lack of it) on the brain, and further prospects of eventual gene treatment were comprehensively exposed and discussed. Special accent was on Gaucher, Morquio IVA, Hunter and the audience was given new knowledge on the complexities of diagnosis and treatment...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593892/neonatal-hypoglycemia-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#13
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Severe neonatal hypoglycemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, personality disorders, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of children with hypoglycemia in a random population of newborns. PATIENTS, METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 84 patients (M:F=35:48) born at the University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje (hospitalized in the NICU) who were found to have hypoglycemia...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590897/cortical-auditory-evoked-potential-and-behavioral-evidence-for-differences-in-auditory-processing-between-good-and-poor-readers
#14
Matthew D Barker, Abin Kuruvilla-Mathew, Suzanne C Purdy
BACKGROUND: The relationship between auditory processing (AP) and reading is thought to be significant; however our understanding of this relationship is somewhat limited. Previous studies have investigated the relation between certain electrophysiological and behavioral measures of AP and reading abilities in children. This study attempts to further understand that relation. PURPOSE: Differences in AP between good and poor readers were investigated using electrophysiological and behavioral measures...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586580/impact-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-on-frequency-and-mortality-due-to-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-neonates
#15
Fazeela Shahzad, Naima Umar
OBJECTIVE: Prematurity is still a major problem for health care services throughout the world. Before the late 1980s, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm new-borns. Frequency of RDS and ensuing mortality in infants treated with antenatal steroid is less than those delivered without this therapy. Many pregnant females deliver before term or 37 weeks, hence may be advised this prophylactic therapy without creating significant maternal or foetal side effects...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570710/pmrunt-regulated-by-pm-mir-183-participates-in-nacre-formation-possibly-through-promoting-the-expression-of-collagen-vi-like-and-nacrein-in-pearl-oyster-pinctada-martensii
#16
Zhe Zheng, Xiaodong Du, Xinwei Xiong, Yu Jiao, Yuewen Deng, Qingheng Wang, Ronglian Huang
Heterodimeric PEBP2/CBFs are key regulators in diverse biological processes, such as haematopoietic stem-cell generation, bone formation and cancers. In this work, we cloned runt-like transcriptional factor (designated as PmRunt) and CBF β (designated as PmCBF) gene, which comprise the heterodimeric transcriptional factor in Pinctada martensii. PmRunt was identified with an open reading frame that encodes 545 amino acids and has typical Runt domain. Phylogenetic analysis results speculated that runt-like transcriptional factors (RDs) in vertebrates and invertebrates are separated into two branches...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567550/hiv-prevalence-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-polydrug-users-in-brazil-a-biological-survey-using-respondent-driven-sampling
#17
Cremildo João Baptista, Inês Dourado, Tarcísio Matos de Andrade, Sandra Brignol, Neilane Bertoni, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Brazil has a concentrated HIV epidemic among key populations. In 2009, the Ministry of Health conducted a survey in 10 Brazilian cities aiming to estimate HIV prevalence, knowledge, and associated risk behaviors of polysubstance users (PSU). Using Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS), 3449 PSU were recruited, answered an Audio-Computer Self Assisted Interview (ACASI) and were tested for HIV and syphilis. Analyses were weighted by individual's social network size generated on RDSAT. Pooled HIV prevalence was 5...
May 31, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554117/a-simplified-method-for-determining-potential-heavy-metal-loads-washed-off-by-stormwater-runoff-from-road-deposited-sediments
#18
Carlos Zafra, Javier Temprano, Joaquín Suárez
A simplified method is proposed for determining the potential load of heavy metals (HMs) derived from the wash-off caused by surface runoff on road-deposited sediment (RDS). The method consists of three phases: (i) characterization of RDS load wash-off, (ii) assessment of HM load in dry weather, and (iii) application of a wash-off equation. Two processes were included in the wash-off equation: HM transport (solid fraction) and HM leaching (dissolved fraction). The average wash-off of HMs ranges from 16.6 to 46...
May 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552511/maternal-tdap-vaccination-and-risk-of-infant-morbidity
#19
Malini DeSilva, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, James D Nordin, Heather S Lipkind, Nicola P Klein, T Craig Cheetham, Allison L Naleway, Simon J Hambidge, Grace M Lee, Michael L Jackson, Natalie L McCarthy, Elyse O Kharbanda
INTRODUCTION: An increased risk of diagnosed chorioamnionitis in women vaccinated with Tdap during pregnancy was previously detected at two Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) sites. The clinical significance of this finding related to infant outcomes remains uncertain. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of singleton live births born to women who were continuously insured from 6months prior to their last menstrual period through 6weeks postpartum, with ≥1 outpatient visit during pregnancy from January 1, 2010 to November 15, 2013 at seven integrated United States health care systems part of the VSD...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551689/perinatal-mortality-and-morbidity-of-growth-restricted-fetuses-and-newborns-own-experience-first-report
#20
Katarzyna Pankiewicz, Tomasz Maciejewski
AIM: to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction with particular emphasis on the factors (fetal and maternal) related to perinatal mortality and morbidity of the fetus and newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the documentation of 53 women admitted with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction based on ultrasound examination (fetal biometry and fetal vessel Doppler abnormalities). 38 (71.7%) patients were referred to our department with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction, whereas 15 (28...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
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