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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140293/the-trends-in-cardiovascular-diseases-and-respiratory-diseases-mortality-in-urban-and-rural-china-1990-2015
#1
Weiwei Sun, Yun Zhou, Zhuang Zhang, Limin Cao, Weihong Chen
With the rapid development of the economy over the past 20 years, the mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and respiratory diseases (RDs) have changed in China. This study aimed to analyze the trends of mortality rates and years of life lost (YLLs) from CVDs and RDs in the rural and urban population from 1990 to 2015. Using data from Chinese yearbooks, joinpoint regression analysis was employed to estimate the annual percent change (APC) of mortality rates from CVDs and RDs. YLLs due to CVDs and RDs were calculated by a standard method, adopting recommended standard life expectancy at birth values of 80 years for men and 82...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135654/cost-effectiveness-of-peer-versus-venue-based-approaches-for-detecting-undiagnosed-hiv-among-heterosexuals-in-high-risk-new-york-city-neighborhoods
#2
Elizabeth R Stevens, Kimberly Nucifora, Qinlian Zhou, R Scott Braithwaite, Charles M Cleland, Amanda S Ritchie, Alexandra H Kutnick, Marya V Gwadz
INTRODUCTION: We used a computer simulation of HIV progression and transmission to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a scale-up of three strategies to seek out and test individuals with undiagnosed HIV in New York City (NYC). SETTING: Hypothetical NYC population METHODS:: We incorporated the observed effects and costs of the three "seek and test" strategies in a computer simulation of HIV in NYC, comparing a scenario in which the strategies were scaled up with a one-year implementation or a long-term implementation with a counterfactual scenario with no scale-up...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135652/are-hiv-seroconversions-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associated-with-social-network-proximity-to-recently-or-long-term-hiv-infected-individuals
#3
Ethan Morgan, Britt Skaathun, Rebeccah Duvoisin, Stuart Michaels, John A Schneider
Debate remains as to the relative HIV transmission contributions from individuals who are recently HIV infected and individuals who have long-term infections. In this study, we examine the relationship between new HIV seroconversions occurring among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) and network proximity to recently or long-term HIV infected individuals. A cohort of YBMSM (N = 618) was generated through respondent driven sampling across three waves. A recent HIV infection was defined as either: 1) a confirmed seroconversion ≤9 months prior to interview date or 2) a laboratory confirmed acute infection; long-term HIV infected individuals were defined as a diagnosis date ≥9 months prior to interview date...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132457/-relationship-between-serum-25-oh-d-levels-at-birth-and-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infants
#4
Ren-Qiang Yu, Dao-Zhen Chen, Xiao-Qing Hao, Shi-Hong Jiang, Guang-Dong Fang, Qin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels at birth and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited preterm infants with gestational age of below 34 weeks who were born between January 2014 and December 2016. These preterm infants were divided into two groups: RDS (n=72) and control (n=40). Clinical data of the two groups were collected, including gestational age, birth weight, gender, delivery mode, Apgar scores at 1 minute and 5 minutes, incidence of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus, and use of prenatal steroid hormone...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129516/is-there-a-potential-link-between-vitamin-d-and-pulmonary-morbidities-in-preterm-infants
#5
Yang Yang, Yun Feng, Xu Chen, Xiao-Nan Mao, Jing-Han Zhang, Li Zhao, You-Yan Zhao, Rui Cheng
BACKGROUND: There hasn't been conclusive proof about the association between vitamin D and pulmonary morbidities of prematurity. METHODS: 106 preterm infants were retrospectively included into this study. Clinical data and blood samples of all the patients were collected within 24 h of admission. RESULTS: (1) Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) patients were mainly concentrated in "≤30 weeks" stage when compared with other two gestational age groups...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120828/the-efficacy-of-respondent-driven-sampling-for-the-health-assessment-of-minority-populations
#6
Grazyna Badowski, Lilnabeth P Somera, Brayan Simsiman, Hye-Ryeon Lee, Kevin Cassel, Alisha Yamanaka, JunHao Ren
BACKGROUND: Respondent driven sampling (RDS) is a relatively new network sampling technique typically employed for hard-to-reach populations. Like snowball sampling, initial respondents or "seeds" recruit additional respondents from their network of friends. Under certain assumptions, the method promises to produce a sample independent from the biases that may have been introduced by the non-random choice of "seeds." We conducted a survey on health communication in Guam's general population using the RDS method, the first survey that has utilized this methodology in Guam...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118491/retinopathy-of-prematurity-like-retinopathy-in-full-term-infants
#7
Dhanashree Ratra, Lala Akhundova, Manmath Kumar Das
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess clinical characteristics, risk factors, and management outcomes of retinal changes similar to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), seen in full-term infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 46 eyes of 23 patients, born at full term or near full term and diagnosed to have active ROP-like retinopathy or sequelae of ROP-like retinopathy. RESULTS: Mean birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) were 2342 ± 923 g (range, 1200-4160 g) and 38...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115072/emergency-department-visits-can-be-reduced-by-having-a-regular-doctor-for-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-secondary-analysis-of-2013-korea-health-panel-data
#8
Clara Lee, Nak Jin Sung, Hyeong Seok Lim, Jae Ho Lee
Chronic diseases pose a major challenge to population health worldwide. Diabetes is a major chronic disease that is managed overwhelmingly in primary care. There is an increasing recognition of the role that primary care physicians play to achieve high-quality care for patients with diabetes. By analyzing 2013 Korean Health Panel data, the authors aimed to determine the current status of having a regular doctor (RD) for adults (aged 18 years or older) with diabetes. In addition, the association of having a RD with the experience of emergency department (ED) visits was determined in this study...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114778/long-term-sustainability-of-diabetes-prevention-approaches-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
J Sonya Haw, Karla I Galaviz, Audrey N Straus, Alysse J Kowalski, Matthew J Magee, Mary Beth Weber, Jingkai Wei, K M Venkat Narayan, Mohammed K Ali
Importance: Diabetes prevention is imperative to slow worldwide growth of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. Yet the long-term efficacy of prevention strategies remains unknown. Objective: To estimate aggregate long-term effects of different diabetes prevention strategies on diabetes incidence. Data Sources: Systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. The initial search was conducted on January 14, 2014, and was updated on February 20, 2015...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107587/women-s-perceptions-of-usefulness-and-ease-of-use-of-four-healthy-eating-blog-characteristics-a-qualitative-study-of-33-french-canadian-women
#10
Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Audrée-Anne Dumas, Véronique Provencher, Annie Lapointe, Marilyn Dugrenier, Sharon Straus, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating blogs are knowledge translation tools used by nutrition and dietetics practitioners for helping people improve their health behaviors and food choices. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore women's perceptions of the usefulness and ease of use of healthy eating blog (HEB) characteristics that might increase potential users' intention to use them as tools to improve their dietary habits. DESIGN: We conducted qualitative research using semi-structured individual interviews...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105323/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Minh D Pham, Poe Poe Aung, Aye Kyawt Paing, Naanki Pasricha, Paul A Agius, Waimar Tun, Ashish Bajracharya, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: In Myanmar, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience high risk of HIV infection. However, access to HIV testing and prevention services remains a challenge among this marginalized population. The objective of this study was to estimate population prevalence and correlates of prior HIV testing among young MSM (YMSM) and informs the development of HIV testing and intervention programmes that respond to the specific needs of this population. METHODS: Five hundred and eighty-five YMSM aged 18 to 24 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in a cross-sectional survey conducted in six townships of Myanmar...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103351/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis
#12
Zhen Jin, Liqin Chen, Dongyan Qiao, Chhavi, Astha, Baiyun Sun, Lina Wang, Hong Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of cervical pessary in the prevention of preterm birth and its influence on pregnancy and maternal outcomes, so as to provide a clinical basis for cervical pessary to prevent premature delivery. METHOD: The databases of PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang Data, etc, were used to search for the eligible articles. The relevant data were abstracted by two independent reviewers and performed with Stata 12.0. RESULT: Pregnancy Result: the PTB rates of pessary and control group before 28, 32, 34 and 37 weeks were analyzed and the combined RR (95%CI) values were 0...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095866/using-data-from-respondent-driven-sampling-studies-to-estimate-the-number-of-people-who-inject-drugs-application-to-the-kohtla-j%C3%A3-rve-region-of-estonia
#13
Jiacheng Wu, Forrest W Crawford, Mait Raag, Robert Heimer, Anneli Uusküla
Estimating the size of key risk populations is essential for determining the resources needed to implement effective public health intervention programs. Several standard methods for population size estimation exist, but the statistical and practical assumptions required for their use may not be met when applied to HIV risk groups. We apply three approaches to estimate the number of people who inject drugs (PWID) in the Kohtla-Järve region of Estonia using data from a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) study: the standard "multiplier" estimate gives 654 people (95% CI 509-804), the "successive sampling" method gives estimates between 600 and 2500 people, and a network-based estimate that uses the RDS recruitment chain gives between 700 and 2800 people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091782/ante-peri-and-postnatal-factors-associated-with-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-premature-infants
#14
Martin Poryo, Judith Caroline Boeckh, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Perrine Duppré, Daniel Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Matthias Heckmann, Eva Mildenberger, Anne Hilgendorff, Andreas W Flemmer, Georg Frey, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is one of the most serious complications in preterm infants and is associated with neurological sequelae and mortality. Over the past few decades, the rate of IVH has decreased due to improved neonatal intensive care. However, up to 15-25% of very and extremely premature infants (<32 and <28weeks of pregnancy (WOP) respectively) still suffer from IVH. STUDY PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform an updated, multicenter analysis to identify ante-, peri, and postnatal factors other than gestational age/birth weight associated with IVH of any grade in a large cohort of very and extremely premature infants...
October 26, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091176/-factors-associated-with-low-knowledge-on-hiv-aids-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#15
Raquel Regina de Freitas Magalhães Gomes, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
This cross-sectional study analyzed social vulnerability, individual, and programmatic factors associated with low knowledge on HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men (MSM). Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) was used in 10 Brazilian cities. Knowledge scores on HIV/AIDS were estimated by Item Response Theory and categorized in three levels: high, medium, and low knowledge. Ordinal logistic regression was used for the analysis. Of the 3,746 MSM, 36.6%, 37.4%, and 26% showed high, medium, and low knowledge, respectively...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090586/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-myh9-rd-in-an-australasian-cohort-with-thrombocytopenia
#16
David J Rabbolini, Yenna Chun, Maya Latimer, Shinji Kunishima, Kathleen Fixter, Bhavia Valecha, Peter Tan, Lee Ping Chew, Benjamin T Kile, Rachel Burt, Kottayam Radhakrishnan, Robert Bird, Paul Ockelford, Sara Gabrielli, Qiang Chen, William S Stevenson, Christopher M Ward, Marie-Christine Morel-Kopp
MYH9-related disorders (MYH9-RDs) caused by mutation of the MYH9 gene which encodes non-muscle myosin heavy-chain-IIA (NMMHC-IIA), an important motor protein in hemopoietic cells, are the most commonly encountered cause of inherited macrothrombocytopenia. Despite distinguishing features including an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, giant platelets on the peripheral blood film accompanied by leucocytes with cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (döhle-like bodies), these disorders remain generally under-recognized and often misdiagnosed as immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)...
November 1, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076668/efficacy-of-two-regimens-of-dexamethasone-for-management-of-preterm-labour-pilot-study
#17
Ahsan Rasool, Umer Farooq, Qurat-Ul-Ann Nazir, Hira Bahar Durani
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone is widely used for prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and intra-ventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in preterm babies; decreasing the neonatal mortality rate. There is no consensus on the dose of corticosteroid administered to the mother expected to have a preterm baby. This study is conducted to compare the effectiveness of two popular regimens of dexamethasone administration in decreasing incidence of RDS, necrotizing enterocolitis, IVH and neonatal mortality rate...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071590/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-morbidity-and-mortality-for-preterm-neonates-admitted-to-a-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Courtney Townsel, Rebecca Keller, Chia-Ling Kuo, Winston A Campbell, Naveed Hussain
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess whether in-hospital morbidity or mortality differed by race/ethnicity for preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study, preterm infants, < 37 weeks, were admitted to the NICU from 1994 to 2009. Exclusions included structural anomalies and aneuploidy. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality (IHM). Secondary outcomes were respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), interventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071354/a-relative-frame-of-reference-underlies-reversed-depth-perception-in-anticorrelated-random-dot-stereograms
#19
Shuntaro C Aoki, Hiroshi M Shiozaki, Ichiro Fujita
Binocular disparity is represented by interocular cross-correlation of visual images in the striate and some extrastriate cortices. This correlation-based representation produces reversed depth perception in a binocularly anticorrelated random-dot stereogram (aRDS) when it is accompanied by an adjacent correlated RDS (cRDS). Removal of the cRDS or spatial separation between the aRDS and cRDS abolishes reversed depth perception. However, how an immediate plane supports reversed depth perception is unclear. One possible explanation is that the correlation-based representation generates reversed depth based on the relative disparity between the aRDS and cRDS rather than the absolute disparity of the aRDS...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067513/does-antenatal-steroids-treatment-prior-to-elective-cesarean-section-at-34-37%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-reduce-neonatal-morbidity-evidence-from-a-case-control-study
#20
Michal Kirshenbaum, Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Uri Amikam, Ram Mazkereth, Eyal Sivan, Eyal Schiff, Yoav Yinon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether antenatal corticosteroids administration prior to an elective cesarean section (ECS) at 34-37 weeks gestation is associated with improved neonatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case control study of women with singleton pregnancies who underwent ECS between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation including two groups: (1) study group in which patients were treated with betamethasone prior to ECS (n = 58) and (2) control group matched for gestational age at delivery in which patients did not receive betamethasone (n = 107)...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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